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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228006/sea-star-wasting-disease-in-asterias-forbesi-along-the-atlantic-coast-of-north-america
#1
Caitlin Bucci, Madison Francoeur, Jillon McGreal, Roxanna Smolowitz, Vanesa Zazueta-Novoa, Gary M Wessel, Marta Gomez-Chiarri
As keystone species, sea stars serve to maintain biodiversity and species distribution through trophic level interactions in marine ecosystems. Recently, Sea Star Wasting Disease (SSWD) has caused widespread mass mortality in several sea star species from the Pacific Coast of the United States of America (USA) and Asterias forbesi on the Atlantic Coast. A densovirus, named Sea Star associated Densovirus (SSaDV), has been associated with the wasting disease in Pacific Coast sea stars, and limited samples of A...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225510/rotating-stars-in-relativity
#2
REVIEW
Vasileios Paschalidis, Nikolaos Stergioulas
Rotating relativistic stars have been studied extensively in recent years, both theoretically and observationally, because of the information they might yield about the equation of state of matter at extremely high densities and because they are considered to be promising sources of gravitational waves. The latest theoretical understanding of rotating stars in relativity is reviewed in this updated article. The sections on equilibrium properties and on nonaxisymmetric oscillations and instabilities in f-modes and r-modes have been updated...
2017: Living Reviews in Relativity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224600/evaluation-of-an-integrated-housing-and-recovery-model-for-people-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illnesses-the-doorway-program
#3
David R Dunt, Andrew W Benoy, Andrea Phillipou, Laura L Collister, Elizabeth M Crowther, Julian Freidin, David J Castle
Objective The Doorway program is a 3-year pilot integrated housing and recovery support program aimed at people with a severe and persistent mental illness who are 'at risk' or actually homeless. Participants source and choose properties through the open rental market, with appropriate rental subsidy and brokerage support. This arrangement is highly innovative, differing from widely favoured arrangements internationally involving congregate and scattered-site housing owned or managed by the support program...
October 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223006/the-temple-star-transitional-model-of-care-for-epilepsy-the-outcome-of-a-quality-improvement-project
#4
Suzanne L Crowley, Susan Byrne, Sandra McNulty, Kim Keating, Therese Nestor, Yvonne Owen, Declan O'Rourke, Bryan Lynch, Amre Shahwan, Mary D King
OBJECTIVE: The aim and objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and views of parents on transitional and adolescent care in young adults with epilepsy, and to develop a transitional and adolescent program for epilepsy. METHODS: Data were collected from questionnaires completed by parents during focus groups exploring transitional care and inherent issues for young adults, aged 12-18years, with epilepsy. The questionnaire assessed the current knowledge and views of parents of children with epilepsy on transitional care, and following a presentation on "Transition in Epilepsy" (including themes such as self-advocacy, independent healthcare behavior, sexual health, psychosocial support, educational and vocational planning, health and lifestyle issues) assessed feedback on the proposed model of care in transitional and adolescent care...
December 6, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222687/chrysophyllum-cainito-apple-star-a-fruit-with-gastroprotective-activity-in-experimental-ulcer-models
#5
Roseane Leandra da Rosa, Camila Leandra de Almeida, Lincon Bordigon Somensi, Thaise Boeing, Luisa Nathália Bolda Mariano, Clarissa de Medeiros Amorim Krueger, Priscila de Souza, Valdir Cechinel Filho, Luisa Mota da Silva, Sérgio Faloni de Andrade
The gastroprotective potential of the methanolic extracts from peels (MEPe), seeds (MESe) and pulp (MEPu) of Chrysophyllum cainito L. (Sapotaceae) fruits was evaluated in mice using ethanol/HCl- and indomethacin-induced ulcer, as well as the antiulcer effect of the juice and flour from this fruit. The lowest oral gastroprotective dose of MEPe, MESe and MEPu against ethanol/HCl was 3, 3 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. Moreover, all extracts increased mucin secretion at 176, 198 and 193%. Intraperitoneal administration of MEPe (0...
December 8, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222353/cms-releases-medication-review-performance-data-as-part-of-medicare-star-ratings
#6
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221835/impact-of-surgical-approach-and-patient-factors-on-hospital-consumer-assessment-of-healthcare-providers-and-systems-hcahps-survey-scoring-in-gynecologic-surgery
#7
Sumer Wallace, Kristine T Hanson, Sean C Dowdy, Elizabeth B Habermann
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey responses of women who underwent gynecologic surgery at our institution across patient factors and surgical approach. METHODS: We identified patients with returned HCAHPS surveys following an inpatient laparoscopic surgery or laparotomy in gynecologic surgery from 10/1/2012-9/30/2015. Exclusions included patient age<18years, discharge by a service other than Gynecologic Surgery, or refusal of Minnesota research authorization...
December 5, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220824/extensive-geographical-and-social-structure-in-the-paternal-lineages-of-saudi-arabia-revealed-by-analysis-of-27-y-strs
#8
Yahya M Khubrani, Jon H Wetton, Mark A Jobling
Saudi Arabia's indigenous population is organized into patrilineal descent groups, but to date, little has been done to characterize its population structure, in particular with respect to the male-specific region of the Y chromosome. We have used the 27-STR Yfiler® Plus kit to generate haplotypes in 597 unrelated Saudi males, classified into five geographical regions (North, South, Central, East and West). Overall, Yfiler® Plus provides a good discrimination capacity of 95.3%, but this is greatly reduced (74...
December 2, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219556/probing-intrinsic-properties-of-short-gamma-ray-bursts-with-gravitational-waves
#9
Xilong Fan, Christopher Messenger, Ik Siong Heng
Progenitors of short gamma-ray bursts are thought to be neutron stars coalescing with their companion black hole or neutron star, which are one of the main gravitational wave sources. We have devised a Bayesian framework for combining gamma-ray burst and gravitational wave information that allows us to probe short gamma-ray burst luminosities. We show that combined short gamma-ray burst and gravitational wave observations not only improve progenitor distance and inclination angle estimates, they also allow the isotropic luminosities of short gamma-ray bursts to be determined without the need for host galaxy or light-curve information...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219503/collapse-and-nonlinear-instability-of-ads-space-with-angular-momentum
#10
Matthew W Choptuik, Óscar J C Dias, Jorge E Santos, Benson Way
We present a numerical study of rotational dynamics in AdS_{5} with equal angular momenta in the presence of a complex doublet scalar field. We determine that the endpoint of gravitational collapse is a Myers-Perry black hole for high energies and a hairy black hole for low energies. We investigate the time scale for collapse at low energies E, keeping the angular momenta J∝E in anti-de Sitter (AdS) length units. We find that the inclusion of angular momenta delays the collapse time, but retains a t∼1/E scaling...
November 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219500/supernova-origin-of-cosmic-rays-from-a-%C3%AE-ray-signal-in-the-constellation-iii-region-of-the-large-magellanic-cloud
#11
Andrii Neronov
Cosmic rays could be produced via shock acceleration powered by supernovae. The supernova hypothesis implies that each supernova injects, on average, some 10^{50}  erg in cosmic rays, while the shock acceleration model predicts a power law cosmic ray spectrum with the slope close to 2. Verification of these predictions requires measurement of the spectrum and power of cosmic ray injection from supernova population(s). Here, we obtain such measurements based on γ-ray observation of the Constellation III region of the Large Magellanic Cloud...
November 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219430/gravitational-waves-from-binary-black-hole-mergers-inside-stars
#12
Joseph M Fedrow, Christian D Ott, Ulrich Sperhake, Jonathan Blackman, Roland Haas, Christian Reisswig, Antonio De Felice
We present results from a controlled numerical experiment investigating the effect of stellar density gas on the coalescence of binary black holes (BBHs) and the resulting gravitational waves (GWs). This investigation is motivated by the proposed stellar core fragmentation scenario for BBH formation and the associated possibility of an electromagnetic counterpart to a BBH GW event. We employ full numerical relativity coupled with general-relativistic hydrodynamics and set up a 30+30  M_{⊙} BBH (motivated by GW150914) inside gas with realistic stellar densities...
October 27, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218825/in-vivo-evidence-supporting-a-metastasis-suppressor-role-for-stard13-dlc2-in-erbb2-neu-oncogene-induced-mouse-mammary-tumours
#13
Pratima Basak, Heather Leslie, Rachelle L Dillon, William J Muller, Afshin Raouf, Michael Ra Mowat
Overexpression of dominant oncogenes and the loss of tumor suppressor genes are basic genetic events in the acquisition of the malignant phenotype. The erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (ERBB-2) proto-oncogene is overexpressed in 20-30% of human breast cancers. The StAR related lipid transfer domain containing 13 gene (STARD13), also known as Deleted in Liver Cancer-2 (DLC-2), maps to chromosome band 13q12.3 and is frequently downregulated in human cancers, including 72% of breast cancers. It encodes a RhoGAP protein with sterile α motif (SAM) and StAR-related lipid transfer (START) domains...
December 8, 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217570/a-precise-measurement-of-the-magnetic-field-in-the-corona-of-the-black-hole-binary-v404-cygni
#14
Yigit Dallilar, Stephen S Eikenberry, Alan Garner, Richard D Stelter, Amy Gottlieb, Poshak Gandhi, Piergiorgio Casella, Vik S Dhillon, Tom R Marsh, Stuart P Littlefair, Liam Hardy, Rob Fender, Kunal Mooley, Dominic J Walton, Felix Fuerst, Matteo Bachetti, A J Castro-Tirado, Miguel Charcos, Michelle L Edwards, Nestor M Lasso-Cabrera, Antonio Marin-Franch, S Nicholas Raines, Kendall Ackley, John G Bennett, A Javier Cenarro, Brian Chinn, H Veronica Donoso, Raymond Frommeyer, Kevin Hanna, Michael D Herlevich, Jeff Julian, Paola Miller, Scott Mullin, Charles H Murphey, Chris Packham, Frank Varosi, Claudia Vega, Craig Warner, A N Ramaprakash, Mahesh Burse, Sujit Punnadi, Pravin Chordia, Andreas Gerarts, Héctor de Paz Martín, María Martín Calero, Riccardo Scarpa, Sergio Fernandez Acosta, William Miguel Hernández Sánchez, Benjamin Siegel, Francisco Francisco Pérez, Himar D Viera Martín, José A Rodríguez Losada, Agustín Nuñez, Álvaro Tejero, Carlos E Martín González, César Cabrera Rodríguez, Jordi Molgó, J Esteban Rodriguez, J Israel Fernández Cáceres, Luis A Rodríguez García, Manuel Huertas Lopez, Raul Dominguez, Tim Gaggstatter, Antonio Cabrera Lavers, Stefan Geier, Peter Pessev, Ata Sarajedini
Observations of binary stars containing an accreting black hole or neutron star often show x-ray emission extending to high energies (>10 kilo--electron volts), which is ascribed to an accretion disk corona of energetic particles akin to those seen in the solar corona. Despite their ubiquity, the physical conditions in accretion disk coronae remain poorly constrained. Using simultaneous infrared, optical, x-ray, and radio observations of the Galactic black hole system V404 Cygni, showing a rapid synchrotron cooling event in its 2015 outburst, we present a precise 461 ± 12 gauss magnetic field measurement in the corona...
December 8, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216585/determination-of-irinotecan-and-its-metabolite-sn-38-in-dried-blood-spots-using-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-fluorescence-detection
#15
Roberta Z Hahn, Priscila C Arnhold, Natália B Andriguetti, Anelise Schneider, Helena M Klück, Simone L Dos Reis, Marcos Frank Bastiani, Igor Kael, Anne Caroline Cezimbra da Silva, Gilberto Schwartsmann, Marina V Antunes, Rafael Linden
Irinotecan (IRI) is an antineoplastic drug widely used for the treatment of colorectal and advanced pancreatic cancer. Despite its clinical utility, the clinical use of IRI is associated with potentially severe hematopoietic and gastrointestinal toxicities. The quantification of IRI and its active metabolite SN-38 in dried blood spots (DBS) may be an alternative to individualize the drug dose through a minimally invasive and easy collection method. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a simple and fast HPLC-FL assay for simultaneous IRI and SN-38 measurement in DBS, with adequate analytical performance for clinical use...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216303/three-dimensional-self-gated-cardiac-mr-imaging-for-the-evaluation-of-myocardial-infarction-in-mouse-model-on-a-3t-clinical-mr-system
#16
Xiaoyong Zhang, Bensheng Qiu, Zijun Wei, Fei Yan, Caiyun Shi, Shi Su, Xin Liu, Jim X Ji, Guoxi Xie
PURPOSE: To develop and assess a three-dimensional (3D) self-gated technique for the evaluation of myocardial infarction (MI) in mouse model without the use of external electrocardiogram (ECG) trigger and respiratory motion sensor on a 3T clinical MR system. METHODS: A 3D T1-weighted GRE sequence with stack-of-stars sampling trajectories was developed and performed on six mice with MIs that were injected with a gadolinium-based contrast agent at a 3T clinical MR system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215440/the-aesthetic-analyzing-of-midface-ratio-after-folding-aponeurosis-of-levator-palpebrae-superioris-muscle-in-the-ptosis-correction
#17
Chenyang Ji, Ruiting Li, Wei He, Jinming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Some fordless-eyelid patients with moderate upper lid ptosis characterize in a higher eyebrow position which leads to an increased midfacial ratio. Apart from performing blepharoplasty to create dynamic folds, additional procedures such as folding aponeurosis of levator palpebrae superioris muscle were effective to revise the enlarged ratio of midface through lowering eyebrow, which gains good aesthetic results. However, the specific changes in the proportion of facial aesthetics and the importance of these change were serious lack in the literature as far as the authors know...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215099/trigonal-columnar-self-assembly-of-bent-phasmid-mesogens
#18
Huifang Cheng, Ya-Xin Li, Xiang-Bing Zeng, Hongfei Gao, Xiaohong Cheng, Goran Ungar
Three compounds with a bent rod-like aromatic core and with three alkoxy chains at each end were synthesised by click reaction. The compounds form a columnar liquid crystal phase with non-centrosymmetric trigonal p31m symmetry, the columns having a 3-arm star-like cross-section.
December 7, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212890/starring-or-supporting-role-satellite-cells-and-skeletal-muscle-fiber-size-regulation
#19
REVIEW
Kevin A Murach, Christopher S Fry, Tyler J Kirby, Janna R Jackson, Jonah D Lee, Sarah H White, Esther E Dupont-Versteegden, John J McCarthy, Charlotte A Peterson
Recent loss-of-function studies show that satellite cell depletion does not promote sarcopenia or unloading-induced atrophy, and does not prevent regrowth. Although overload-induced muscle fiber hypertrophy is normally associated with satellite cell-mediated myonuclear accretion, hypertrophic adaptation proceeds in the absence of satellite cells in fully grown adult mice, but not in young growing mice. Emerging evidence also indicates that satellite cells play an important role in remodeling the extracellular matrix during hypertrophy...
January 1, 2018: Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212684/do-higher-volume-hospitals-provide-better-value-in-revision-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#20
N B Frisch, P M Courtney, B Darrith, C J Della Valle
AIMS: The purpose of this study is to determine if higher volume hospitals have lower costs in revision hip and knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We questioned the Centres for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Inpatient Charge Data and identified 789 hospitals performing a total of 29 580 revision arthroplasties in 2014. Centres were dichotomised into high-volume (performing over 50 revision cases per year) and low-volume. Mean total hospital-specific charges and inpatient payments were obtained from the database and stratified based on Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) codes...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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