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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457698/feasibility-of-a-novel-tacking-method-of-securing-mesh-in-transabdominal-preperitoneal-inguinal-hernia-repair-secure-tacking-against-recurrence
#1
Yoshio Nagahisa, Ryuju Kawashima, Ryu Matsumoto, Masaki Harada, Kazuki Hashida, Michio Okabe, Kazuyuki Kawamoto
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative chronic pain is an important outcome of hernia surgery. In laparoscopic hernia surgery, either fixation outside the trapezoid of disaster or no fixation is recommended to avoid postoperative pain. To avoid recurrence are transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) hernia repair, the myopectineal orifice must be covered with mesh during TAPP, but lifting or shrinking of the mesh can lead to recurrence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a novel technique for mesh fixation to prevent the mesh from lifting off...
February 19, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456257/irc-10-216-in-3-d-morphology-of-a-tp-agb-star-envelope
#2
M Guélin, N A Patel, M Bremer, J Cernicharo, A Castro-Carrizo, J Pety, J P Fonfría, M Agúndez, M Santander-García, G Quintana-Lacaci, L Velilla Prieto, R Blundell, P Thaddeus
During their late pulsating phase, AGB stars expel most of their mass in the form of massive dusty envelopes, an event that largely controls the composition of interstellar matter. The envelopes, however, are distant and opaque to visible and NIR radiation: their structure remains poorly known and the mass-loss process poorly understood. Millimeter-wave interferometry, which combines the advantages of longer wavelength, high angular resolution and very high spectral resolution is the optimal investigative tool for this purpose...
February 2018: Astronomy and Astrophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455501/-case-control-study-on-the-effect-of-core-strength-training-on-the-function-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Bin Wu, Song Zheng, Zhen-Hai Cai, Yue-Li Wang, Ming Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of core strength training on knee joint function and postural stability after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: A total of 80 ACLR patients were randomly allocated into conventional rehabilitation training group and core strength training group from May 2013 to May 2015 with 40 patients in each group. The patients in conventional rehabilitation training group underwent conventional ACLR rehabilitation training, in which 28 males and 12 females...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454296/effect-of-multiple-low-dose-pgf-2-%C3%AE-injections-on-the-mature-corpus-luteum-in-non-pregnant-bitches
#4
Eyyup H Ucar, Hayrettin Cetin, Mehmet O Atli
This study investigated molecular regulation in the canine corpus luteums/corpora lutea (CL) following multiple low-dose prostaglandin F 2 alpha (PGF 2 α) injections in non-pregnant bitches around 30-35 days after ovulation. The CL were obtained by ovariohysterectomy 1 h after the last PGF 2 α injection. The subjects were divided into the following groups: control (no PGF 2 α injection, n = 4), one PGF 2 α injection (injection at 0 h, 1PGF, n = 4), two PGF 2 α injection (injection at 0 and 8 h, 2PGF, n = 4), and three PGF 2 α injection (injection at 0, 8 and 24 h, 3PGF, n = 4)...
February 14, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453758/theoretical-study-on-the-optical-response-behavior-to-hydrogen-chloride-gas-of-a-series-of-schiff-base-based-star-shaped-structures
#5
Fei Wang, Tianhong Qi, Zhongmin Su, Yuzhong Xie
Schiff-base compounds have many applications in the field of optoelectronic materials and chemical sensing because of their appealing coordination ability, and simple and easily accessible use in structural modification. Herein, five kinds of star-shaped Schiff-base compounds were designed and their optical response behavior to hydrogen chloride (HCl) gas was studied using dependent/time-dependent density functional theory (DFT/TDDFT). Moreover, the relationship between structures and properties was investigated upon changing the benzene group into N atom or triazine group at the core-position and introducing a methoxyl (-OCH 3 ) or nitro (-NO 2 ) group into the star-shaped Schiff-bases at the tail of the branches...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449468/a-weight-limit-emerges-for-neutron-stars
#6
Adrian Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447956/pubertal-chlorocholine-chloride-exposure-inhibits-testicular-testosterone-synthesis-by-down-regulating-steroidogenic-enzymes-in-adult-rats
#7
Xiaohong Hou, Dan Huang, Qinghe Meng, Qi Zhang, Lixia Jia, Siqi Wang, Zhiyuan Cheng, Shuang Wu, Lanqin Shang, Jianjun Jiang, Weidong Hao
Chlorocholine chloride (CCC) is widely used to regulate plant growth. Considerable attention has been focused on its reproductive and developmental toxicities. In order to investigate the effects of pubertal CCC exposure on testicular testosterone (T) synthesis, male SD rats were exposed to CCC by oral gavage at doses of 0, 75, 150 and 300 mg/kg bw/day from postnatal day 23 to 70. We observed that pubertal CCC exposure lowered the body weight and the mean Johnsen's score. The percentage of seminiferous tubules with deciduous spermatogenic cells was increased in the 75 and 150 mg/kg bw/day groups...
February 12, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444639/differential-expression-of-mrna-isoforms-in-the-skeletal-muscle-of-pigs-with-distinct-growth-and-fatness-profiles
#8
Tainã Figueiredo Cardoso, Raquel Quintanilla, Anna Castelló, Rayner González-Prendes, Marcel Amills, Ángela Cánovas
BACKGROUND: The identification of genes differentially expressed in the skeletal muscle of pigs displaying distinct growth and fatness profiles might contribute to identify the genetic factors that influence the phenotypic variation of such traits. So far, the majority of porcine transcriptomic studies have investigated differences in gene expression at a global scale rather than at the mRNA isoform level. In the current work, we have investigated the differential expression of mRNA isoforms in the gluteus medius (GM) muscle of 52 Duroc HIGH (increased backfat thickness, intramuscular fat and saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids contents) and LOW pigs (opposite phenotype, with an increased polyunsaturated fatty acids content)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442978/interactions-of-fluorescein-dye-with-spherical-and-star-shaped-gold-nanoparticles
#9
Gopa Dutta Pal, Somnath Paul, Munmun Bardhan, Tapan Ganguly
UV-vis absorption, FT-IR, steady state fluorescence and fluorescence lifetime measurements were made on Fluorescein dye (Fl dye) molecules in presence of gold nanoparticles of different morphologies: spherical gold nanoparticles (GNP) and star shaped gold nanoparticles (GNS). The experimental observations demonstrate that Fl dye molecules form dimers when adsorbed on nanosurface of spherical gold particles. On the other hand possibly due to lack of adsorption on the surface of GNS the dye molecules were unable to form dimers...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442038/non-viral-gene-delivery-systems-hurdles-for-bench-to-bedside-transformation
#10
N A Helal, A Osami, A Helmy, T McDonald, L A Shaaban, M I Nounou
Biologist and Nobel Prize winner James Watson's quote, "We used to think that our fate was in our stars, but now we know that, in large measure, our fate is in our genes", represents the initial food for thought that revolutionized the way medications and active pharmaceutical ingredients are defined (Rocholl 1996). This fate engraved in the genetic material, as mentioned in Watson's quote, fueled a tremendous revolution wave in gene therapy. Gene therapy is a promising technology for treating genetic and acquired diseases by modulating the expression of a specific gene in the pathological cells...
November 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441734/cross-sectional-serum-metabolomic-study-of-multiple-forms-of-muscular-dystrophy
#11
Pietro Spitali, Kristina Hettne, Roula Tsonaka, Ekrem Sabir, Alexandre Seyer, Jesse B A Hemerik, Jelle J Goeman, Esther Picillo, Manuela Ergoli, Luisa Politano, Annemieke Aartsma-Rus
Muscular dystrophies are characterized by a progressive loss of muscle tissue and/or muscle function. While metabolic alterations have been described in patients'-derived muscle biopsies, non-invasive readouts able to describe these alterations are needed in order to objectively monitor muscle condition and response to treatment targeting metabolic abnormalities. We used a metabolomic approach to study metabolites concentration in serum of patients affected by multiple forms of muscular dystrophy such as Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies, limb-girdle muscular dystrophies type 2A and 2B, myotonic dystrophy type 1 and facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437457/empirical-determination-of-dark-matter-velocities-using-metal-poor-stars
#12
Jonah Herzog-Arbeitman, Mariangela Lisanti, Piero Madau, Lina Necib
The Milky Way dark matter halo is formed from the accretion of smaller subhalos. These sub-units also harbor stars-typically old and metal-poor-that are deposited in the Galactic inner regions by disruption events. In this Letter, we show that the dark matter and metal-poor stars in the Solar neighborhood share similar kinematics due to their common origin. Using the high-resolution eris simulation, which traces the evolution of both the dark matter and baryons in a realistic Milky Way analog galaxy, we demonstrate that metal-poor stars are indeed effective tracers for the local, virialized dark matter velocity distribution...
January 26, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437407/viscous-dissipation-and-heat-conduction-in-binary-neutron-star-mergers
#13
Mark G Alford, Luke Bovard, Matthias Hanauske, Luciano Rezzolla, Kai Schwenzer
Inferring the properties of dense matter is one of the most exciting prospects from the measurement of gravitational waves from neutron star mergers. However, it requires reliable numerical simulations that incorporate viscous dissipation and energy transport as these can play a significant role in the survival time of the post-merger object. We calculate time scales for typical forms of dissipation and find that thermal transport and shear viscosity will not be important unless neutrino trapping occurs, which requires temperatures above 10 MeV and gradients over length scales of 0...
January 26, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436788/universal-scientific-education-and-research-network-usern-twinkling-stars-unite-to-make-the-world-glow
#14
Nima Rezaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436434/updates-in-palliative-care-overview-and-recent-advancements-in-the-pharmacological-management-of-cancer-pain
#15
Helen Wood, Andrew Dickman, Angela Star, Jason W Boland
Pain is a common symptom in many types of cancer. Interdisciplinary team management, including pain assessment, explanation to the patient/family, treating the reversible, non-pharmacological treatments and reassessment are essential. This article focuses on the pharmacological management of cancer pain, and overviews and updates on the recent advances in this field. Both non-opioid and opioid analgesia as well as coanalgesics (adjuvants) are reviewed. Within non-opioid analgesia the risks of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are considered and recommendations for NSAIDs in patients at risk of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular toxicity are made...
February 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436433/updates-in-palliative-care-recent-advancements-in-the-pharmacological-management-of-symptoms
#16
Angela Star, Jason W Boland
Symptom management is an important part of both palliative care and end-of-life care. This article will examine the recent research evidence about drugs commonly used for symptom management in adult patients receiving palliative care. In particular, the management of symptoms where recent palliative care-based evidence has changed recommended practice will be reviewed. This includes: breathlessness, delirium, nausea and vomiting in bowel obstruction, opioid-induced constipation and upper respiratory tract secretions...
February 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436430/end-of-life-care-updates-for-busy-clinicians
#17
Angela Star
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435998/environmental-mixture-with-estrogenic-activity-increases-hsd3b1-expression-through-estrogen-receptors-in-immature-rat-granulosa-cells
#18
Dragana Samardzija Nenadov, Kristina Pogrmic-Majkic, Svetlana Fa, Bojana Stanic, Aleksandra Tubic, Nebojsa Andric
Humans are exposed not only to single endocrine disruptors, but also to chemical mixtures that can adversely affect their reproductive health. Steroidogenesis in reproductive tissues is emerging as the key target of endocrine disruptor action. Here, we analyzed the effect of environmental chemical mixtures with estrogenic activity on steroidogenic processes in immature rat granulosa cells and whether the observed steroidogenic effects were mediated through estrogen receptors. Extracts from untreated wastewater were prepared by solid-phase extraction and silica gel fractionation...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434647/the-complex-simplicity-of-the-brittle-star-nervous-system
#19
Olga Zueva, Maleana Khoury, Thomas Heinzeller, Daria Mashanova, Vladimir Mashanov
Background: Brittle stars (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata) have been increasingly used in studies of animal behavior, locomotion, regeneration, physiology, and bioluminescence. The success of these studies directly depends on good working knowledge of the ophiuroid nervous system. Results: Here, we describe the arm nervous system at different levels of organization, including the microanatomy of the radial nerve cord and peripheral nerves, ultrastructure of the neural tissue, and localization of different cell types using specific antibody markers...
2018: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432849/cultivation-of-multiple-genera-of-hydrogenotrophic-methanogens-from-different-environmental-niches
#20
Akshay Joshi, Vikram B Lanjekar, Prashant K Dhakephalkar, Sumit S Dagar
Six genera of hydrogenotrophic methanogens, namely Methanobrevibacter, Methanobacterium, Methanocorpusculum, Methanothermobacter, Methanoculleus, and Methanospirillum were cultivated from diverse environmental niches like rumen, feces, gut, and sediments using BY medium. We also report a putative novel genus and two novel species of methanogens isolated from termite, Indian star tortoise, and green iguana.
February 9, 2018: Anaerobe
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