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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793112/social-representations-of-older-adults-regarding-quality-of-life
#1
Marielle Cristina Gonçalves Ferreira, Luiz Fernando Rangel Tura, Rafael Celestino da Silva, Márcia de Assunção Ferreira
Objective: to identify the social representations of older adults regarding quality of life, and to analyze the care practices adopted to promote it. Method: qualitative, exploratory, descriptive research, applying the Theory of Social Representations. Thirty older people from a Health Academy of Rio de Janeiro participated in the study. The software Alceste was used, and lexical analysis of data was performed. Results: social representations of quality of life are based on the social determinants of health; they evidence knowledge and practices of care by valuing physical activities...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678906/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#2
Evelyn Helena Corgosinho Ribeiro, Leandro Martin Totaro Garcia, Emanuel Péricles Salvador, Evelyn Fabiana Costa, Douglas Roque Andrade, Maria do Rosario Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Alex Antonio Florindo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of interventions on the levels of physical activity of healthy adults, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System and attended by the Family Health Strategy. METHODS: Non-randomized experimental study with 157 adults allocated in three groups: 1) physical exercise classes (n = 54), 2) health education (n = 54), 3) control (n = 49). The study lasted for18 months, with 12 months of interventions and six months of follow-up after intervention...
June 26, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614441/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-minor-psychiatric-disorders-in-hospital-housekeeping-workers
#3
Cintia da Silva Marconato, Ana Carolina de Souza Magnago, Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Rafaela Andolhe, Juliana Petri Tavares
OBJECTIVE: Investigating the prevalence and factors associated with minor psychiatric disorders (MPDs) in Hospital housekeeping workers. METHOD: A cross-sectional study carried out in 2013 with workers from the cleaning service of a public university hospital in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected through a form containing sociodemographic, occupational, habits and health variables. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 was used in order to evaluate MPDs...
June 12, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591352/depression-and-health-behaviors-in-brazilian-adults-pns-2013
#4
Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Margareth Guimarães Lima, Renata Cruz Soares de Azevedo, Lhais Barbosa de Paula Medina, Claudia de Souza Lopes, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Deborah Carvalho Malta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of health-related behaviors according to presence and type of depression in Brazilian adults. METHODS: Based on a sample of 49,025 adults (18 to 59 years) from the National Survey on Health 2013 (PNS 2013), we estimated the prevalence of health-related behaviors (smoking; passive smoking; frequent or risky alcohol consumption; leisure time physical activity; time watching TV; and eating pattern indicators), according to the presence of depression (minor and major), evaluated by the Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 (PHQ-9), and the report of depressive mood (in up to seven days or more than seven days) over a two-week period...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531369/should-high-bmi-be-a-reason-for-ivf-treatment-denial
#5
S Friedler, O Cohen, G Liberty, B Saar-Ryss, S Meltzer, T Lazer
Our aim was to examine the influence of BMI on the live-birth rate following IVF/ICSI and evaluate its specific contribution among other factors thus enabling accurate reproductive policy development. All patients that underwent IVF/ICSI at our center during January 2012-July 2015 were included in this retrospective study. A total of 1654 ICSI cycles were divided into four groups according to the patient's BMI (kg/m(2)): group I (normal weight): <25 (943 cycles); group II (overweight): 25-30 (403 cycles); group III (obese): 30-35 (212 cycles); group IV (morbid obesity): >35 (96 cycles)...
May 20, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489206/lower-extremity-reconstruction-epidemiology-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-of-the-federal-district-north-wing-regional-hospital
#6
Jefferson Lessa Soares Macedo, Simone Corrêa Rosa, Daniel Lobo Botelho, Clendes Pereira Dos Santos, Murilo Neves DE Queiroz, Tabatha Gonçalves Andrade Castelo Branco Gomes
Objective: to evaluate the management of lower limbs complex traumatic injuries by analyzing their characteristics, types, conduct and evolution, with emphasis on surgical treatment. Methods: we conducted a prospective study of patients treated by Plastic Surgery at a regional hospital of the Federal District during a one-year period. We collected data through serial evaluations and telephone contact records. Results: we studied 40 patients, with a mean age of 25...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445776/antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-bacteroides-fragilis-group-in-faecal-samples-from-patients-receiving-broad-spectrum-antibiotics
#7
Kia Cirkeline Møller Hansen, Simon A F Schwensen, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Ulrik Stenz Justesen, Thomas Vognbjerg Sydenham
Members of the Bacteroides fragilis group are opportunistic pathogens and cause severe infections including bacteraemia. As increased levels of antimicrobial resistance in B. fragilis group bacteria can be detected years after administration of specific antibiotics, monitoring antimicrobial susceptibility in the gut microbiota could be important. The objectives of this study were to 1) investigate the distribution of species and the occurrence of reduced antimicrobial susceptibility in the B. fragilis group from patients treated at departments with a high level of antibiotic use, 2) to determine the prevalence of the carbapenem resistance gene cfiA in B...
April 23, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260586/molecular-epidemiology-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bloodstream-infection-isolates-in-a-non-outbreak-setting
#8
Kate L McCarthy, Tim J Kidd, David L Paterson
PURPOSE: The molecular epidemiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection (BSI) isolates has received limited attention. This study aims to characterize the molecular relationship of P. aeruginosa BSI isolates in the non-outbreak setting at a single tertiary healthcare facility. METHODOLOGY:   P. aeruginosa BSI isolates from patients who were admitted to the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital over a 13 month period from November 2009 were identified retrospectively from the Pathology Queensland Clinical and Scientific Information System...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254904/the-need-for-a-translational-science-of-democracy
#9
Michael A Neblo, William Minozzi, Kevin M Esterling, Jon Green, Jonathon Kingzette, David M J Lazer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154078/improving-election-prediction-internationally
#10
Ryan Kennedy, Stefan Wojcik, David Lazer
This study reports the results of a multiyear program to predict direct executive elections in a variety of countries from globally pooled data. We developed prediction models by means of an election data set covering 86 countries and more than 500 elections, and a separate data set with extensive polling data from 146 election rounds. We also participated in two live forecasting experiments. Our models correctly predicted 80 to 90% of elections in out-of-sample tests. The results suggest that global elections can be successfully modeled and that they are likely to become more predictable as more information becomes available in future elections...
February 3, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116885/lower-complication-rates-with-office-based-d-c-under-ultrasound-guidance-for-missed-abortion
#11
Michael Chaikof, Tal Lazer, Itai Gat, Kevin Quach, Basheer Alkudmani, Khaled Zohni, Ari Baratz, Karen Glass, Prati Sharma, Clifford Librach
BACKGROUND: Missed abortion (MA) can be managed expectantly, medically or surgically. Surgical management has been performed safely in the office setting by suction dilation and curettage (D&C). Prior studies suggest that intraoperative ultrasound guidance (USG) may reduce complications for first-trimester therapeutic abortion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of office D&C for MA using real-time USG. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 255 patients who underwent office D&C under USG for first trimester MA at a single university-affiliated fertility clinic during January 2011-December 2013...
February 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708093/growing-pains-for-global-monitoring-of-societal-events
#13
Wei Wang, Ryan Kennedy, David Lazer, Naren Ramakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384968/work-family-conflict-and-time-use-psychometric-assessment-of-an-instrument-in-elsa-brazil
#14
Karina Araujo Pinto, Greice Maria de Souza Menezes, Rosane Härter Griep, Keury Thaisana Rodrigues Dos Santos Lima, Maria da Conceição Almeida, Estela M L Aquino
In this study, we evaluated the psychometric properties of the items to measure the work-family conflict and the time use for personal care and leisure, included in the baseline questionnaire of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brazil). We evaluated temporal stability (7-14 days) using kappa statistic and the validity of the construct by the correlation of Kendall's tau with other variables. Test-retest stability was discreet to moderate and the correlations were compatible with the underlying theory...
July 4, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345589/an-upper-limit-of-gonadotropin-dose-in-patients-undergoing-art-should-be-advocated
#15
S Friedler, S Meltzer, B Saar-Ryss, J Rabinson, T Lazer, G Liberty
AIM: As no upper limit of the daily dose of gonadotropins (DD GN) used for controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) in patients undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) has been established, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of using different DD GN in terms of live-birth achievement. METHODS: Data of patients treated at a single university medical center during the same period was analyzed retrospectively. Four groups were analyzed according to the DD GN administered: group I ("high dose"):  >225- ≤ 375 IU; Group II ("Very high dose"): 376-450 IU; group III ("extremely high dose"): 451-600 IU...
December 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27255240/near-point-string-simple-method-to-demonstrate-anticipated-near-point-for-multifocal-and-accommodating-intraocular-lenses
#16
Monica C George, Zane P Lazer, David S George
UNLABELLED: We present a technique that uses a near-point string to demonstrate the anticipated near point of multifocal and accommodating intraocular lenses (IOLs). Beads are placed on the string at distances corresponding to the near points for diffractive and accommodating IOLs. The string is held up to the patient's eye to demonstrate where each of the IOLs is likely to provide the best near vision. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: None of the authors has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned...
May 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732603/the-place-of-selective-hysterosalpingography-and-tubal-canalization-among-sub-fertile-patients-diagnosed-with-proximal-tubal-occlusion
#17
T Lazer, S Meltzer, B Saar-Ryss, G Liberty, Y Rabinson, S Friedler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of selective salpingography and tubal canalization (TC) procedure among patients diagnosed with proximal tubal occlusion (PTO). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 61 sub-fertile patients aged 32.6 ± 4.9 years that were referred between the years of 2011 and 2013 with the diagnosis of PTO by prior hysterosalpingography. Patients underwent TC and were classified as bilateral PTO or unilateral PTO. Information regarding the patient's reproductive outcome within the 12 months following the procedure was collected by a telephone survey...
May 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630807/bulbar-and-limb-myorhythmia-with-smooch-sign-a-distinctive-movement-disorder-in-an-adult-patient-with-reversible-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-associated-with-an-ovarian-teratoma
#18
Eli S Neiman, Spozhmy Panezai, Sumaiya Salim, Michael Seyffert, Lazer E Leifer, Michael Rosenberg, Sudhansu Chokroverty
Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor encephalitis is a recently described entity (Dalmau et al. 2007, 2008) that may present with a variety of complex movements in addition to other features (Kleinig et al. 2008). The purpose of our presentation of such a patient is twofold: (1) to characterize these complex oculo-oro-linguo-masticatory and limb movements with "smooch sign" as myorhythmia, based on a combined clinical and electrophysiological analysis (Masucci et al. 1984); and (2) to document possibly characteristic EEG evolution in the course of observation in our institution for three weeks from diffuse slowing to evolving rhythmic delta activity, which may represent a pattern of electrographic seizure activity...
September 2015: Neurodiagnostic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527853/identification-and-molecular-docking-analysis-of-active-ingredients-with-medicinal-properties-from-edible-baccaurea-sapida
#19
Sonia Mann, Ankita Sharma, Sagarika Biswas, Rajinder K Gupta
Underutilized plant species has started changing the conception of plants by expanding the use well beyond from foods and fibers to rich source of medicinally important secondary metabolites. Bioactive compounds from natural sources are gaining importance as potential drug candidates towards many inflammatory conditions like Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). The focus of the present study has been centred to reveal the anti-inflammatory potential of an underutilized fruits of B. sapida. Further efforts towards its medicinal significance may provide relieve from symptoms of RA by reducing the side effects that are observed in available medications...
2015: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26380867/preimplantation-genetic-risk-reduction-a-new-dilemma-in-the-era-of-chromosomal-microarrays-and-exome-sequencing
#20
Gheona Altarescu, Rachel Beeri, Galit Lazer-Derbeko, Talia Eldar-Geva, Avraham Steinberg, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Paul Renbaum
New technologies are revealing genetic variants of unknown significance (VUS), raising questions about the indications that call for preimplanation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Two couples requesting PGD for VUS are presented. The first couple requested PGD for Lynch syndrome. Whole exome sequencing identified in a healthy male with a family history of Lynch-associated tumours, a MLH1 missense variant. The variant had not been reported as pathogenic, but was predicted as damaging by algorithms. The second couple had a child diagnosed with pervasive developmental disorder and intellectual disability, carrying a microduplication on chr:Xp...
November 2015: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
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