keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

birth, breastfeeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735066/exclusive-breastfeeding-at-three-months-and-infant-sleep-wake-behaviors-at-two-weeks-three-and-six-months
#1
Bárbara Figueiredo, Cláudia Castro Dias, Tiago Miguel Pinto, Tiffany Field
This study assessed infant sleep-wake behavior at two weeks, three and six months as function of feeding method at three months (exclusively breastfed, partially breastfed, and exclusively formula fed infants). Mothers of 163 first-born, full-term, normal birth weight, healthy infants completed socio-demographic, depression, anxiety, and infant sleep-wake behavior measures. No effects were found for sleep arrangements, depression or anxiety, on feeding methods and sleep-wake behavior at three months. At two weeks exclusively breastfed infants at three months spent more hours sleeping and less hours awake during the 24-h period than partially breastfed infants...
July 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729621/genotype-environment-interaction-on-human-cognitive-function-conditioned-on-the-status-of-breastfeeding-and-maternal-smoking-around-birth
#2
S Hong Lee, W M Shalanee P Weerasinghe, Julius H J van der Werf
We estimated genotype by environment interaction (G × E) on later cognitive performance and educational attainment across four unique environments, i.e. 1) breastfed without maternal smoking, 2) breastfed with maternal smoking, 3) non-breastfed without maternal smoking and 4) non-breastfed with maternal smoking, using a novel design and statistical approach that was facilitated by the availability of datasets with the genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). There was significant G × E for both fluid intelligence (p-value = 1...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729127/variation-in-safe-sleep-and-breastfeeding-practices-among-non-hispanic-black-mothers-in-the-us-according-to-birth-country
#3
Margaret G K Parker, Eve R Colson, Lauren Provini, Denis V Rybin, Stephen M Kerr, Timothy Heeren, Michael J Corwin
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in safe sleep and breastfeeding practices among US non-Hispanic black (NHB) mothers according to birth country METHODS: We analyzed NHB mothers that were surveyed regarding safe sleep and breastfeeding practices when their infants were 2-6 months of age in 2011-14, as part of a larger national study. We examined prevalences of safe sleep and breastfeeding practices according to birth country and examined odds of adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics recommended safe sleep and breastfeeding practices in foreign born NHBs, compared to US born NHBs...
July 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722125/a-temperature-gradient-may-support-mother-infant-thermal-identification-and-communication-in-the-breast-crawl-from-birth-to-breastfeeding
#4
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesca Volpe, Federico de Luca, Gianluca Straface
AIM: The human female's nipple-areolar complex (NAC) is the point of arrival of a natural progression from birth to breastfeeding, linked to functional, chemical and biophysical cues that promote the breast crawl soon after birth. We investigated the thermal gradient generated by the lips of the neonate and warmth of the NAC, which may drive the infant directly to the nipple. METHODS: We prospectively studied 41 full-term singleton infants and their mothers at the Policlinico Abano Terme, Italy, between 1 January to 28 February 2015...
July 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720114/effects-of-the-equip-quasi-experimental-study-testing-a-collaborative-quality-improvement-approach-for-maternal-and-newborn-health-care-in-tanzania-and-uganda
#5
P Waiswa, F Manzi, G Mbaruku, A K Rowe, M Marx, G Tomson, T Marchant, B A Willey, J Schellenberg, S Peterson, C Hanson
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement is a recommended strategy to improve implementation levels for evidence-based essential interventions, but experience of and evidence for its effects in low-resource settings are limited. We hypothesised that a systemic and collaborative quality improvement approach covering district, facility and community levels, supported by report cards generated through continuous household and health facility surveys, could improve the implementation levels and have a measurable population-level impact on coverage and quality of essential services...
July 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719421/lifelong-estradiol-exposure-and-risk-of-depressive-symptoms-during-the-transition-to-menopause-and-postmenopause
#6
Wendy K Marsh, Joyce T Bromberger, Sybil L Crawford, Katherine Leung, Howard M Kravitz, John F Randolph, Hadine Joffe, Claudio N Soares
OBJECTIVE: Depression risk increases during the menopausal transition (MT) and initial postmenopausal years-both times of significant fluctuations of estrogen. Research to date provides limited support for the hypothesis that estrogen fluctuations play a role in the greater susceptibility to midlife depression. Importantly, not all women report depressive symptoms during the MT, and recent reports suggest that duration of exposure to estradiol throughout the adult years may also play a role in vulnerability to depression...
July 17, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719336/infant-nutritional-status-feeding-practices-enteropathogen-exposure-socioeconomic-status-and-illness-are-associated-with-gut-barrier-function-as-assessed-by-the-lactulose-mannitol-test-in-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort
#7
Gwenyth O Lee, Benjamin J J McCormick, Jessica C Seidman, Margaret N Kosek, Rashidul Haque, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Aldo A M Lima, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Gagandeep Kang, Amidou Samie, Caroline Amour, Carl J Mason, Tahmeed Ahmed, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Domingos B Oliveira, Didar Alam, Sudhir Babji, Pascal Bessong, Estomih Mduma, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Ramya Ambikapathi, Dennis R Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Richard L Guerrant, Laura E Caulfield, For The Mal-Ed Network Investigators
The lactulose mannitol (LM) dual sugar permeability test is the most commonly used test of environmental enteropathy in developing countries. However, there is a large but conflicting literature on its association with enteric infection and host nutritional status. We conducted a longitudinal cohort using a single field protocol and comparable laboratory procedures to examine intestinal permeability in multiple, geographically diverse pediatric populations. Using a previously published systematic review to guide the selection of factors potentially associated with LM test results, we examined the relationships between these factors and mucosal breach, represented by percent lactulose excretion; absorptive area, represented by percent mannitol excretion; and gut barrier function, represented by the L/M ratio...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716146/interactive-weekly-mobile-phone-text-messaging-plus-motivational-interviewing-in-promotion-of-breastfeeding-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Moleen Zunza, Mark F Cotton, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Richard Lester, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: South Africa recently phased out access to free formula milk in the public sector in support of breastfeeding for women living with HIV. Few women living with HIV in South Africa choose breastfeeding and among those who do, many stop breastfeeding early. We sought to explore the feasibility of using mobile phone text messaging coupled with motivational interviewing to enhance adherence to breastfeeding practices. METHODS AND DESIGN: A randomized, parallel group, single-center pilot trial...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714610/use-of-psychotropic-medications-in-breastfeeding-women
#9
REVIEW
Nirit Kronenfeld, Maya Berlin, Dotan Shaniv, Matitiahu Berkovitch
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding women who are prescribed with psychotropic medications on a regular basis are often concerned, regarding the possible implications of such treatment on the breastfed infant. A mother's well-being has a direct influence on the well-being of the baby. However, the notorious reputation of psychotropic medications may lead to suboptimal prescribing by the physician and poor adherence by the mother. METHODS: A PubMed search (from 1976 through February 2017) was conducted for commonly used psychotropic drug classes, as well as individual medications commonly prescribed in these classes, along with the MeSH terms "breastfeeding"/"lactation"...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714606/treating-depression-during-pregnancy-are-we-asking-the-right-questions
#10
REVIEW
Cara Angelotta, Katherine L Wisner
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common complication of pregnancy. Once the diagnosis of MDD is made, the physician must assist the pregnant woman in developing a treatment plan. METHODS: In considering antidepressants, the benefit of medication treatment for maternal disease control must be balanced against the risk of the drug to the developing embryo-fetus. This is an individualized decision depending on the disease characteristics, likelihood of maternal depression response, probability of adverse fetal effects, and patient characteristics and values...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714111/room-for-improvement-in-breast-milk-feeding-after-very-preterm-birth-in-europe-results-from-the-epice-cohort
#11
Emilija Wilson, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy, Mercedes Bonet, Liis Toome, Carina Rodrigues, Elizabeth A Howell, Marina Cuttini, Jennifer Zeitlin
Breast milk feeding (BMF) is associated with lower neonatal morbidity in the very preterm infant (<32 weeks gestation) and breastfeeding is beneficial for maternal health. Previous studies show large variations in BMF after very preterm birth and recognize the need for targeted breastfeeding support in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU). In a European collaboration project about evidence-based practices after very preterm birth, we examined the association between maternal, obstetric, and infant clinical factors; neonatal and maternal care unit policies; and BMF at discharge from the NICU...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712021/the-state-of-essential-newborn-care-by-delivery-location-in-bangladesh
#12
Eunsoo Timothy Kim, Kavita Singh
Introduction Essential newborn care (ENC) around the time of birth is critical in improving neonatal survival. There is currently a gap in our knowledge of the use of ENC by place of delivery in Bangladesh. This study assesses the provision of ENC and examines the odds of newborns receiving ENC by different levels of delivery care in Bangladesh. Methods Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions were performed on ENC practices from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey dataset. ENC practices included nonapplication of substances to the cord; application of antiseptic to the cord; drying newborn within 5 min; wrapping newborn within 5 min; delaying first bath until the first 72 h; and breastfeeding within 1 h...
July 15, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711955/the-effect-of-early-feeding-practices-on-growth-indices-and-obesity-at-preschool-children-from-four-european-countries-and-uk-schoolchildren-and-adolescents
#13
George Moschonis, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Louise Jones, Andreia Oliveira, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Louiza Damianidi, Sandrine Lioret, Pedro Moreira, Carla Lopes, Pauline Emmett, Marie Aline Charles, Yannis Manios
Not only healthy growth but also childhood obesity partly originate from early life. The current work aimed to examine the association of feeding practices during infancy with growth and adiposity indices in preschool children from four European countries and in UK schoolchildren and adolescents. Existing data from four European birth cohorts (ALSPAC-UK, EDEN-France, EuroPrevall-Greece and Generation XXI-Portugal) were used. Anthropometrics and body composition indices were collected. Parallel multivariate regression analyses were performed to examine the research hypothesis...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707388/the-associations-of-large-for-gestational-age-and-infant-feeding-practices-with-children-s-body-mass-index-z-score-trajectories-the-early-childhood-longitudinal-study-birth-cohort
#14
M Salahuddin, A Pérez, N Ranjit, D M Hoelscher, S H Kelder
Very few studies have examined if high birth weight and infant feeding practices have implications for the trajectory of body mass index (BMI) growth across the early childhood period. The goal of this study was to assess if large-for-gestational-age (LGA) and infant feeding practices (exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, and early introduction of complementary food prior to 4 months) are associated with BMI z-score trajectories over the early childhood period. Group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) methods were employed to describe and classify developmental BMI z-score trajectories (the outcome of interest) in children from 9 months to 4 years of age (n = 4497) born to prenatal non-smoking mothers in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (2001-2005)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705179/improving-health-literacy-through-group-antenatal-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Jody R Lori, Henrietta Ofosu-Darkwah, Carol J Boyd, Tanima Banerjee, Richard M K Adanu
BACKGROUND: To examine whether exposure to group antenatal care increased women's health literacy by improving their ability to interpret and utilize health messages compared to women who received standard, individual antenatal care in Ghana. METHODS: We used a prospective cohort design. The setting was a busy urban district hospital in Kumasi, the second most populous city in Ghana. Pregnant women (N = 240) presenting for their first antenatal visit between 11 and 14 weeks gestation were offered participation in the study...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704235/ce-beyond-maternity-nursing-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative
#16
Regina Cardaci
Nurses can support public health through promotion of long-term breastfeeding. ABSTRACT: The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is a program developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) to promote breastfeeding in hospitals and birthing facilities worldwide. Since the program was launched in 1991, breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity have increased globally, a trend largely attributed to changes in hospital policies and practices brought about by the BFHI...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702071/exclusive-breastfeeding-and-associated-factors-among-mothers-in-gozamin-district-northwest-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw, Lemma Derseh Gezie, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding infants only breast milk, be it directly from breast or expressed, except drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, mineral supplements or medicine. Exclusive breastfeeding is one of the essential actions for infant development and survival. However, the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Ethiopia has been estimated at 52% which is far less than the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. Moreover, there are inconsistencies among estimates in different districts of the country...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701499/breastfeeding-ovulatory-years-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Annette Langer-Gould, Jessica B Smith, Kerstin Hellwig, Edlin Gonzales, Samantha Haraszti, Corinna Koebnick, Anny Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether women who breastfeed their infants longer or have fewer ovulatory years are at lower risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We recruited women with newly diagnosed MS or its precursor, clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) (n = 397), and matched controls (n = 433) into the MS Sunshine Study from the membership of Kaiser Permanente Southern California. A structured in-person questionnaire was administered to collect the behavioral (pregnancies, breastfeeding, hormonal contraceptive use) and biological (age at menarche and menopause, amenorrhea) factors to make up ovulatory years...
July 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700391/human-t-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-infection-and-disease-in-spain
#19
Carmen de Mendoza, Estrella Caballero, Antonio Aguilera, Silvia Requena, Raúl Ortiz de Lejarazu, María Pirón, Rocío González, Ana Jiménez, Lourdes Roc, Ana Treviño, Rafael Benito, Miriam Fernández-Alonso, Aitziber Aguinaga, Carmen Rodríguez, Juan García-Costa, Lidia Blanco, José M Ramos, Enrique Calderón, José M Eirós, Silvia Sauleda, Pablo Barreiro, Vicente Soriano
: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection is a neglected disease despite roughly 15 million people are chronically infected worldwide. Lifelong less than 10% of carriers develop life-threatening diseases, mostly a subacute myelopathy known as tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) and a lymphoproliferative disorder named adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). HTLV-1 is efficiently transmitted perinatally (breastfeeding), sexually (more from men to women) and parenterally (transfusions, injection drug user (IDU), and transplants)...
July 31, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694059/mental-health-predictors-of-breastfeeding-initiation-and-continuation-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-women-in-a-south-african-birth-cohort-study
#20
Eileen Thomas, Caroline Kuo, Sophie Cohen, Jacqueline Hoare, Natassja Koen, Whitney Barnett, Heather J Zar, Dan J Stein
Breastfeeding is a cost-effective, yet underutilized strategy to promote maternal and infant health in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Breastfeeding remains challenging for mothers living with HIV in LMICs, yet few studies have examined mental health predictors of breastfeeding initiation and continuation. We investigated breastfeeding among mothers by HIV status in South Africa, evaluating predictors of breastfeeding initiation and continuation to identify intervention-targets. Breastfeeding patterns were investigated in a subsample of 899 breastfeeding mothers from the Drakenstein Child Health Study; a prospective birth cohort of 1225 pregnant women, between March 2012 and March 2015 in a peri-urban area...
July 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
keyword
keyword
113741
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"