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birth, breastfeeding

Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Masashi Arakawa
OBJECTIVES: The present prebirth cohort study examined the association between maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy and behavioral problems in Japanese children aged 5 years. METHODS: Subjects were 1199 mother-child pairs. Dietary intake was assessed using a diet history questionnaire. Emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity problems, and peer problems were assessed using the Japanese parent-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Vera A A L Silva, Maria F C Caminha, Suzana L Silva, Vilneide M S B D Serva, Pedro T A C C Azevedo, Malaquias Batista Filho
OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyze indicators of feeding practices related to breastfeeding and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in a subnormal urban cluster (slums) in Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: Four breastfeeding indicators were used to interview mothers of children under 3 years of age. An inventory of the families' socioeconomic and environmental factors, maternal obstetric history, and basic health care access was undertaken. The sample consisted of all 310 children under the age of 3 years from Coelhos, PE, Brazil...
March 9, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Narges Alianmoghaddam, Suzanne Phibbs, Cheryl Benn
PURPOSE: Scant published qualitative literature exists focusing on why exclusive breastfeeding rates decline between three and six months. This study aims to develop an understanding of why exclusive breastfeeding tails off so dramatically between three and six months after birth in New Zealand. DESIGN AND METHODS: A generic qualitative methodology was employed in this study and social constructionism selected as the main epistemological framework underpinning the research...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Sucheta Tiwari, Ron Gray, Crispin Jenkinson, Claire Carson
PURPOSE: Spousal violence against women is a global public health problem. In India, approximately 40% of women report spousal violence. Like physical and sexual violence, emotional violence may be a determinant of women's health. This study explores the association between exposure to spousal emotional abuse and poor reproductive outcomes in Indian women. METHODS: Data on 60,350 women, collected in the Third Indian National Family Health Survey were analysed to assess the impact of spousal emotional abuse on seven reproductive outcomes: age at first birth, number of children, terminated pregnancies, unwanted pregnancies, access to prenatal and skilled delivery care, and breastfeeding...
March 9, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Luke E Grzeskowiak, Catherine Leggett, Lynn Costi, Claire T Roberts, Lisa H Amir
AIMS: To examine the association between late pregnancy exposure to serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressants and difficulties in achieving an adequate breast milk supply in women who gave birth to preterm infants, while accounting for the potential impacts of underlying maternal psychiatric illness. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 3,024 women delivering liveborn preterm infants (<37 weeks' gestation) between January 2004 and December 2008. The primary outcome was postnatal domperidone use, considered a valid proxy for presence and pharmacological management of low milk supply...
March 9, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Leah T Stiemsma, Karin B Michels
Although the prominent role of the microbiome in human health has been established, the early-life microbiome is now being recognized as a major influence on long-term human health and development. Variations in the composition and functional potential of the early-life microbiome are the result of lifestyle factors, such as mode of birth, breastfeeding, diet, and antibiotic usage. In addition, variations in the composition of the early-life microbiome have been associated with specific disease outcomes, such as asthma, obesity, and neurodevelopmental disorders...
March 8, 2018: Pediatrics
Tiffany L Green, Mandar V Bodas, Heather A Jones, Saba W Masho, Nao Hagiwara
Immigrant women face unique barriers to prenatal care access and patient-provider communication. Yet, few prior studies have examined U.S.-born/immigrant differences in the content of care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of immigrant status, English proficiency and race/ethnicity on the receipt of self-reported prenatal counseling using nationally representative data. We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (N ≈ 8100). We investigated differences in self-reported prenatal counseling by immigrant status, English proficiency, and race/ethnicity using logistic regression...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Community Health
F P Martins-Celini, W A Gonçalves-Ferri, D C Aragon, J P Bernichi, C Calixto, E M F Sacramento, M A Santos, F E Martinez
The ideal feeding for premature babies has been the source of extensive debate. The aim of this study was to assess the association between type of feeding at discharge and the nutritional status of very low birth weight infants. This was a retrospective cohort of preterm babies with birth weight ≤1500 g, born between January 2006 and December 2013. The infants were divided into 3 groups according to type of feeding at discharge: exclusive breast milk (group 1), mixed feeding (group 2) and exclusive artificial formula (group 3)...
January 23, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Kimberly N Doughty, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Katherine W Reeves, Jing Qian, Lindiwe Sibeko
OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in breastfeeding-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and experiences between women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and women without GDM. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective cohort study. SETTING: Secondary analysis of data from the U.S. Infant Feeding Practices Study II. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women with GDM (n = 195) and pregnant women without GDM (n = 2,815) were included in cross-sectional analyses...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Emma Kristin Johansson, Anna Bergström, Inger Kull, Tomas Lind, Cilla Söderhäll, Erik Melén, Samina Asad, Maria Bradley, Agne Liedén, Natalia Ballardini, Carl-Fredrik Wahlgren
Information on factors of importance for remission of eczema is scarce. This study explored factors related to the remission and course of preschool eczema (eczema at 1, 2 and/or 4 years of age) to 16 years of age (n = 889) in a Swedish cohort. Half of the children were in complete remission by school age. In multivariate prognostic models, persistent preschool eczema (eczema at 1, 2 and 4 years of age) (odds ratio 0.27 (95% confidence interval 0.18-0.41)), preschool eczema with sleep disturbance (due to itch at least once a week at 1, 2 and/or 4 years of age) (0...
March 2, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Reham Khresheh, Mona Almalik, Arwa Owies, Lesley Barclay
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and outcomes of introducing childbirth preparation programs in a sample of Maternal and Child Health centres in Jordan. DESIGN: An exploratory, descriptive design, and practice- research engagement was used to implement and evaluate the proposed childbirth preparation program. Face to face interviews and field notes were used to collect data. Outcomes of pregnancy and birth were collected from interviews with women using a structured format...
February 15, 2018: Midwifery
Lorena Vehling, Deborah Chan, Jon McGavock, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Theo J Moraes, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has many established health benefits for women and children. We examined the association between maternal education, newborn feeding in hospital, and long-term breastfeeding duration. METHODS: We studied 3195 Canadian mother-infant dyads in the CHILD pregnancy cohort. Newborn feeding was documented from hospital records. Caregivers reported sociodemographic factors and infant feeding at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. RESULTS: Overall, 97% of newborns initiated breastfeeding and 74% were exclusively breastfed in hospital...
March 2, 2018: Birth
Trina C Salm Ward, Marcie M McClellan, Terri J Miller, Shannon Brown
To increase access to safe infant sleep surfaces and reduce risk of sleep-related infant deaths, the Georgia Department of Public Health implemented a portable crib distribution and safe sleep educational program. The aim of this evaluation was to compare parental knowledge and practices related to infant sleep before and after receipt of the safe sleep educational program and crib. A prospective, matched pre- and post-test cohort design with a follow-up survey was utilized to evaluate changes in knowledge and practices...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Jacqueline K Kung'u, Richard Pendame, Mame Bineta Ndiaye, Mulusew Gerbaba, Sophie Ochola, Adama Faye, Sulochana Basnet, Edward A Frongillo, Sara Wuehler, Luz Maria De-Regil
Maternal undernutrition and mortality remain high in several African countries. Key nutrition and health interventions improve maternal and birth outcomes. Evidence is scarce on how to strengthen health systems to ensure pregnant women and newborns are reached with these interventions. We conducted three quasi-experimental nonrandomized Community Based Maternal and Neonatal Health and Nutrition projects in regions of Ethiopia, Senegal, and Kenya to demonstrate how proven nutrition interventions could be integrated into health programs to improve knowledge and practices during pregnancy, birth, and postpartum...
February 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Diane Procaccini, Ann L Cupp Curley, Martha Goldman
INTRODUCTION: It is accepted that newborns lose weight in the first few days of life. Baby-Friendly practices that support breastfeeding may affect newborn weight loss. The objective of this study were: 1) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices are associated with term newborn weight loss day 0-2 in three feeding categories (exclusively breastfed, mixed formula fed and breastfed, and formula fed). 2) To determine whether Baby-Friendly practices increase exclusive breast feeding rates in different ethnic populations...
February 28, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
A Lounici Boudiaf, D Bouziane, M Smara, Y Meddour, E M Haffaf, B Oudjit, S Chaib Mamouzi, S Aouichat Bouguerra
BACKGROUND: The zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8) is an islet β-cell secretory granule membrane protein coded by the SLC30A8 gene, identified as a novel autoantigen in human type 1 diabetes (T1D). As no data of ZnT8ab in Algerian patients have been reported, we aim to evaluate the prevalence of ZnT8ab in young Algerians with T1D and determine whether ZnT8ab could be a better diagnostic tool to replace the other conventional autoantibodies detected in patients with type 1 diabetes. For this purpose, we evaluated the prevalence of islets cells antibodies (ICA), glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), islet antigen type 2 (IA2), insulin (IA) autoantibodies (ab) and for the first time in Algeria, the zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8) in young Algerian patients with type 1 diabetes...
February 24, 2018: Current Research in Translational Medicine
F J Soriano-Vidal, R Vila-Candel, P J Soriano-Martín, A Tejedor-Tornero, E Castro-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Maternity care has focused on lowering maternal and neonatal morbidity, though women's beliefs and expectations of care have been set aside. Women face childbirth with preconceived expectations, some of which could be expressed on their birth plan. The latter could beinfluenced by health professionals through prenatal education classes, though this has not been measured before. Antenatal classes have been argued against,since no resulting improvement in childbirth experience has been demonstrated, though some advantages may be seen: they favour communication and give time for expressing maternal expectations and beliefs...
February 8, 2018: Midwifery
Laurence Collin-Lévesque, Yosra El-Ghaddaf, Madeleine Genest, Martin Jutras, Grégoire Leclair, Etienne Weisskopf, Alice Panchaud, Ema Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Duloxetine and methylphenidate are commonly prescribed for the management of depression and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), respectively. However, little information is available concerning their safety during lactation. The purpose of this case series was to provide additional information to the medical literature concerning infant exposure to methylphenidate and duloxetine through breast milk. METHOD: Bioanalytical method (liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry) was developed and validated before its use to determine the concentrations of both medications in breast milk samples...
February 27, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Zaneta M Thayer, Sonny Agustin Bechayda, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVE: An increase in cortisol during human pregnancy helps coordinate the onset of parturition, and can have long-term effects on offspring biology. Maternal cortisol can also be transferred to offspring via breast milk during lactation. However, little is known about how diurnal cortisol profiles vary by trimester of pregnancy or during the postpartum period. Here, we describe diurnal cortisol profiles among a large cross-sectional sample of healthy Filipino young adult women varying in reproductive status and, during the postpartum period, in whether or not they are breastfeeding...
February 26, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Hironobu Nishijima, Sayaka Suzuki, Kenji Kondo, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shintaro Yanagimoto
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have reported that various environmental factors during early life are key determinants for developing allergic disease. Herein, we aimed to investigate the impact of environmental factors on allergic rhinitis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a single university in Japan (from April to June, in 2015 and 2016). Students voluntarily answered online questionnaires regarding their allergic rhinitis symptoms and their exposure to various environmental factors during preschool-age...
February 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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