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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149869/characterisation-of-sucking-dynamics-of-breastfeeding-preterm-infants-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Donna T Geddes, Kok Chooi, Kathryn Nancarrow, Anna R Hepworth, Hazel Gardner, Karen Simmer
BACKGROUND: Full breastfeeding is the ultimate aim for preterm infants to ensure they receive the full benefits of human milk however, preterm infants face a number of challenges associated with their immaturity and associated morbidities. In order to facilitate oral feeding, it is essential to have a sound knowledge of the sucking dynamics of the breastfed infant. The aim of this study was to measure and describe the sucking dynamics of the preterm breastfeeding infant. METHODS: A prospective cross sectional observational study was carried out at King Edward Memorial Hospital, Perth...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146078/bisphenol-a-distribution-in-serum-urine-placenta-breast-milk-and-umbilical-cord-serum-in-a-birth-panel-of-mother-neonate-pairs
#2
Jangwoo Lee, Kyungho Choi, Jeongim Park, Hyo-Bang Moon, Gyuyeon Choi, Jeong Jae Lee, Eunsook Suh, Hai-Joong Kim, So-Hee Eun, Gun-Ha Kim, Geum Joon Cho, Sung Koo Kim, Sungjoo Kim, Su Young Kim, Seunghyo Kim, Soyong Eom, Sooran Choi, Young Don Kim, Sungkyoon Kim
Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure during the perinatal and postnatal periods increases the susceptibility to disease over the life cycle. However, information on the BPA delivered to fetuses or infants via the placenta and breastfeeding is limited. We determined the BPA exposure levels in various bodily fluids and tissues of pregnant women and described fetus and infant exposures to BPA based on associations and BPA ratios in mother-neonate paired samples. Maternal serum, urine, placenta, breast milk, cord serum, and neonatal urine samples were collected from 318 mother-neonate pairs at six university hospitals in Korea...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144244/modes-of-infant-feeding-and-the-risk-of-childhood-asthma-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#3
Annika Klopp, Lorena Vehling, Allan B Becker, Padmaja Subbarao, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears, Meghan B Azad
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether different modes of infant feeding are associated with childhood asthma, including differentiating between direct breastfeeding and expressed breast milk. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 3296 children in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development birth cohort. The primary exposure was infant feeding mode at 3 months, reported by mothers and categorized as direct breastfeeding only, breastfeeding with some expressed breast milk, breast milk and formula, or formula only...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142586/determinants-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-infants-less-than-six-months-of-age-in-hawassa-an-urban-setting-ethiopia
#4
Bethlihem Adugna, Henok Tadele, Fekadu Reta, Yifru Berhan
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life. However, the proportion of EBF in Ethiopia is 58%. The EBF practice and factors affecting it have not been studied in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of EBF practice among infants less than six months age in Hawassa city, Ethiopia. Methods: A total of 529 mothers with infants aged 0-6 months were involved in this study between November 2015 and January 2016...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137874/investigating-antenatal-nutrition-education-preferences-in-south-east-queensland-including-maori-and-pasifika-women
#5
Andrea Cruickshank, Helen E Porteous, Michelle A Palmer
BACKGROUND: Little is reported about the nutrition-related needs and preferences of women seeking maternity services, particularly Maori and Pasifika (M&P) women who have higher chronic disease rates in Queensland. AIM: Nutrition-related knowledge, needs, behaviours and education preferences were compared between women of M&P ancestry and non-Maori and Pasifika women (NMP). METHOD: Women (≥18 years) admitted to the postnatal ward were surveyed...
November 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132414/effect-of-frenotomy-on-breastfeeding-variables-in-infants-with-ankyloglossia-tongue-tie-a-prospective-before-and-after-cohort-study
#6
Kathryn Muldoon, Louise Gallagher, Denise McGuinness, Valerie Smith
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding ankyloglossia (tongue-tie) and its clinical impact on breastfeeding, including the benefits, or otherwise, of tongue-tie release (frenotomy). As exclusive breastfeeding rates in Ireland are already considerably low (46% on discharge home from the maternity unit following birth in 2014), it is imperative to protect and support breastfeeding, including identifying the associated effects that frenotomy might have on breastfeeding variables. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associated effects of frenotomy on breastfeeding variables in infants with ankyloglossia...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131703/expectant-inner-city-women-attitudes-about-contraception-given-infant-feeding-choice
#7
Elena Fuell Wysong, Krystel Tossone, Lydia Furman
PURPOSE: We sought to examine whether low-income inner-city expectant women who intend to breastfeed make different contraceptive choices than those who intend to formula feed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional pilot study surveyed expectant women age 14 years and older receiving prenatal care at MacDonald Women's Hospital, Cleveland Ohio (01 November 2016-15 January 2017). Questions assessed knowledge and attitudes regarding infant feeding and contraception options, and postpartum feeding and contraceptive intentions...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131679/knowledge-and-opinions-of-postpartum-mothers-about-the-lactational-amenorrhea-method-the-turkish-experience
#8
Sevgi Özsoy, Hilmiye Aksu, Nevin Akdolun Balkaya, Gözde Demirsoy Horta
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate mothers' opinions and knowledge about the contraceptive feature of breastfeeding. BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is quite beneficial in terms of mother, baby, and public health. Although it has long been known to have a contraceptive effect and although it is common in many countries, women usually do not use it as a contraceptive method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study and included 400 mothers in their early postpartum period...
November 13, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128739/childbirth-and-parenting-preparation-in-antenatal-classes
#9
M Barimani, K Forslund Frykedal, M Rosander, A Berlin
OBJECTIVES: to describe topics (1) presented by midwives' during antenatal classes and the amount of time spent on these topics and (2) raised and discussed by first-time parents and the amount of time spent on these topics. DESIGN: qualitative; data were gathered using video or tape recordings and analysed using a three-pronged content analysis approach, i.e., conventional, summative, and directed analyses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 3 antenatal courses in 2 antenatal units in a large Swedish city; 3 midwives; and 34 course participants...
October 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127805/prenatal-contribution-of-2-2-4-4-tetrabromodiphenyl-ether-bde-47-to-total-body-burden-in-young-children
#10
Mi-Yeon Shin, Sunmi Kim, Sunggyu Lee, Hai-Joong Kim, Jeong Jae Lee, Gyuyeon Choi, Sooran Choi, Sungjoo Kim, Su Young Kim, Jeongim Park, Hyo-Bang Moon, Kyungho Choi, Sungkyoon Kim
Many scientists made estimates of the body burden of PBDEs from breastmilk and house dust. Interestingly, they have not included the prenatal contribution to the body burden in young children after birth. In order to address how the prenatal contribution is important in the risk assessment of PBDEs in infants up to five years old, we used the median measurements of BDE-47 as a model chemical in 108 neonates in Korea, and made simulations of its disposition out of body from birth to five years. During the simulation periods, the environmental exposure was considered for house dust, babyfood, breastmilk consumption, etc...
November 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124048/breastfeeding-for-one-month-or-longer-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-osteoarthritis-in-older-adults-nhanes-1999-2012
#11
Clara Yongjoo Park
Breastfeeding is associated with many health benefits to the mother but the association between osteoarthritis (OA) is not known. Menopause, a state of rapid estrogen loss, is associated with OA. To test whether lactation, another physiological state of low estrogen status, is associated with OA, a nationally representative dataset National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2012 was analyzed. Information of OA diagnosis history and lactation for at least one month was self-reported by women 50 years and older that had given birth to at least one child...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120829/risk-factors-for-breast-cancer-in-the-breast-cancer-risk-model-study-of-guam-and-saipan
#12
Rachael T Leon Guerrero, Rachel Novotny, Lynne R Wilkens, Marie Chong, Kami K White, Yurii B Shvetsov, Arielle Buyum, Grazyna Badowski, Michelle Blas-Laguaña
BACKGROUND: Chamorro Pacific Islanders in the Mariana Islands have breast cancer incidence rates similar to, but mortality rates higher than, those of U.S. women. As breast cancer risk factors of women of the Mariana Islands may be unique because of ethnic and cultural differences, we studied established and suspected risk factors for breast cancer in this unstudied population. METHODS: From 2010-2013, we conducted retrospective case-control study of female breast cancer (104 cases and 185 controls) among women in the Mariana Islands...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117764/counseling-and-in-advance-provision-of-levonorgestrel-emergency-contraceptive-pills-decrease-the-rate-of-unplanned-pregnancy-during-breastfeeding-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Omar M Shaaban, Ahmed M Abbas, Hanaa R Mahmoud, Entsar M Yones, Shaimaa G Hassen, Mahmoud S Zakherah
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of counseling and in-advance provision of levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pills (LNG-ECPs) during postpartum counseling on the incidence of occurrence of unplanned pregnancy during breastfeeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study is an open-label, parallel, randomized controlled trial carried out in a university hospital in Egypt. All women who delivered and planning to birth-space and breastfeed for at least 1 year were approached for participation during postpartum hospital stay...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104822/early-skin-to-skin-contact-between-healthy-late-preterm-infants-and-their-parents-an-observational-cohort-study
#14
Kerstin H Nyqvist, Andreas Rosenblad, Helena Volgsten, Eva-Lotta Funkquist, Elisabet Mattsson
Background: Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is an important factor to consider in the care of late preterm infants (born between 34 0/7 and 36 6/7 completed weeks of gestation). The literature suggests that SSC between preterm infants and their mothers facilitates breastfeeding. However, more studies are needed to explore potential dose-response effects between SSC and breastfeeding as well as studies that explicitly investigate SSC by fathers among late preterm infants. The aim was to investigate the duration of healthy late preterm infants' SSC with the mother and father, respectively, during the first 48 h after birth and the associations with breastfeeding (exclusive/partial at discharged), clinical and demographic variables...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103903/predictors-of-breastfeeding-exclusivity-and-duration-in-a-hospital-without-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-accreditation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Michelle O'Connor, Jyai Allen, Jennifer Kelly, Yu Gao, Sue Kildea
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the maternity care factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding duration at three months and six months postpartum in a setting without BFHI accrediation. METHODS: A prospective cohort design. Participants from one tertiary maternity hospital were eligible if they intended to exclusively breastfeed, had birthed a live, term baby; were breastfeeding at recruitment; were rooming-in with their baby; were healthy and well; and understood English...
November 2, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103439/perinatal-health-and-malocclusions-in-preschool-children-findings-from-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#16
Cássia Cardozo Amaral, Vanessa Polina Pereira da Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy in adolescence has long-term consequences that can negatively influence oral conditions. In this study, we aimed to assess malocclusion in deciduous dentition and its association with prolonged breastfeeding, pacifier use, and perinatal health indicators pertaining to the periods immediately before and after birth. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers who became pregnant from 13 to 19 years of age (mean age, 17...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092884/breastfeeding-and-motor-development-in-term-and-preterm-infants-in-a-longitudinal-us-cohort
#17
Kara A Michels, Akhgar Ghassabian, Sunni L Mumford, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Erin M Bell, Scott C Bello, Edwina H Yeung
Background: The relation between breastfeeding and early motor development is difficult to characterize because of the problems in existing studies such as incomplete control for confounding, retrospective assessment of infant feeding, and even the assessment of some motor skills too early.Objective: We sought to estimate associations between infant feeding and time to achieve major motor milestones in a US cohort.Design: The Upstate New York Infant Development Screening Program (Upstate KIDS Study) enrolled mothers who delivered live births in New York (2008-2010)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082794/promotion-of-breastfeeding-in-poland-the-current-situation
#18
Barbara Królak-Olejnik, Ilona Błasiak, Anna Szczygieł
Objective Exclusive breastfeeding is safe and beneficial for healthy infants; it is the optimal feeding method during the first 6 months of life. Infants should be complementary fed in conjunction with breastfeeding until 12 months of age or longer. The aim of the present study was to analyse the duration of breastfeeding through 12 months of age. Methods Participants were 1679 women from 42 randomly selected hospitals in Poland. The data were obtained from surveys, including a paper and pencil interview that was conducted after mothers delivered in the hospital and before discharge...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082306/skin-to-skin-contact-in-cesarean-birth-and-duration-of-breastfeeding-a-cohort-study
#19
Andrea Guala, Luigina Boscardini, Raffaella Visentin, Paola Angellotti, Laura Grugni, Michelangelo Barbaglia, Elise Chapin, Eleonora Castelli, Enrico Finale
Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth is a physiological practice that is internationally recommended and has well-documented importance for the baby and for the mother. This study aims to examine SSC with a cohort of mothers or fathers in the operating room after a Cesarean section (C-section) and its relationship with duration of breastfeeding. From January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2012, at the Castelli Hospital in Verbania, Italy, a Baby Friendly designated hospital, 252 consecutive women who had a C-section were enrolled in the study and followed for 6 months...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074058/breastfeeding-during-infancy-is-associated-with-a-lower-future-risk-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#20
J Nicholas Brenton, Casey E Engel, Min-Woong Sohn, Myla D Goldman
BACKGROUND: Risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) is influenced by environment and genetics. Infant breastfeeding appears protective against some childhood autoimmune disorders, but its impact on risk of MS in childhood is unknown. The objective of this study is to analyze the association of breastfeeding in infancy on future risk of pediatric-onset MS. BASIC PROCEDURES: Biological mothers of 36 consecutive pediatric-onset MS patients completed a questionnaire on history of breastfeeding and various birth and demographic factors...
September 14, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
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