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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805477/estimated-exposures-to-perfluorinated-compounds-in-infancy-predict-attenuated-vaccine-antibody-concentrations-at-age-5-years
#1
Philippe Grandjean, Carsten Heilmann, Pal Weihe, Flemming Nielsen, Ulla B Mogensen, Amalie Timmermann, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen
Perfluorinated alkylate substances (PFASs) are highly persistent and may cause immunotoxic effects. PFAS-associated attenuated antibody responses to childhood vaccines may be affected by PFAS exposures during infancy, where breastfeeding adds to PFAS exposures. Of 490 members of a Faroese birth cohort, 275 and 349 participated in clinical examinations and provided blood samples at ages 18 months and 5 years. PFAS concentrations were measured at birth and at the clinical examinations. Using information on duration of breastfeeding, serum-PFAS concentration profiles during infancy were estimated...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800405/neonatal-weight-matters-an-examination-of-weight-changes-in-full-term-breastfeeding-newborns-during-the-first-2-weeks-of-life
#2
Diane DiTomasso, Andrea L Paiva
BACKGROUND: Weight changes in the early weeks of life are important indicators of newborn wellness. Yet, little is known about weight loss patterns for breastfeeding newborns. Research aim: This study aimed to compare weight changes and exclusive breastfeeding rates in newborns who lost ≤ 7% and > 7% of their body weight after birth. METHODS: A prospective, observational cohort study was completed. Newborns who lost ≤ 7% made up Group 1 and newborns who lost > 7% of birth weight made up Group 2...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800162/feeding-imprinting-the-extreme-test-case-of-premature-infants-born-with-very-low-birth-weight
#3
Moriya Suberi, Iris Morag, Tzipora Strauss, Ronny Geva
Feeding imprinting, considered a survival-enabling process, is not well understood. Infants born very preterm, who first feed passively, are an effective model for studying feeding imprinting. Retrospective analysis of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) records of 255 infants (Mgestational age  = 29.98 ± 1.64) enabled exploring the notion that direct breastfeeding (DBF) during NICU stay leads to consumption of more mother's milk and earlier NICU discharge. Results showed that DBF before the first bottle feeding is related to shorter transition into oral feeding, a younger age of full oral feeding accomplishment and earlier discharge...
August 11, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799705/the-process-of-intrapartum-care-among-skilled-birth-attendants-in-the-dominican-republic-and-maternal-perceptions-of-care-during-labor-and-birth-a-case-report
#4
Peter Schindler, Rosa Burgos, Kimberly Vuong, Hilary Aviela Lerner, Elsa Evangelista, Flor Josefina Rodriguez, Lourdes Peralta Polanco, Jennifer Foster
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization calls for situation analyses of maternity settings globally to improve maternal-newborn health. This study evaluated the care processes of skilled birth attendants and women's satisfaction with the care in a public hospital in the Dominican Republic. The purpose of the assessment was to establish a baseline to build quality improvements. METHODS: A cross-sectional, mixed-methods, observational study was conducted by an international team...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799193/an-analysis-of-the-effects-of-intrapartum-factors-neonatal-characteristics-and-skin-to-skin-contact-on-early-breastfeeding-initiation
#5
Ying Lau, Pyai Htun Tha, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Lai Ying Wong, Peng Im Lim, Binte Zaini Mattar Citra Nurfarah, Shefaly Shorey
This study aims to determine relationships between intrapartum factors, neonatal characteristics, skin-to-skin contact (SSC), and early breastfeeding initiation after spontaneous vaginal and Caesarean section or operative vaginal birth. A total of 915 mother-newborn dyads were considered in a hypothetical model based on integrated concepts of breastfeeding initiation model, infant learning framework, and attachment theory. Multiple-group path analysis was used to determine whether differences exist between effects of immediate SSC (≤30 min) on early breastfeeding initiation in different modes of birth...
August 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795920/risk-factors-associated-with-neonatal-deaths-a-matched-case-control-study-in-indonesia
#6
Asnawi Abdullah, Krishna Hort, Yuli Butu, Louise Simpson
Background Similar to global trends, neonatal mortality has fallen only slightly in Indonesia over the period 1990-2010, with a high proportion of deaths in the first week of life. Objective This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with neonatal deaths of low and normal birthweight infants that were amenable to health service intervention at a community level in a relatively poor province of Indonesia. Design A matched case-control study of neonatal deaths reported from selected community health centres (puskesmas) was conducted over 10 months in 2013...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793204/baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-and-breastfeeding-among-wic-participating-infants-in-los-angeles-county
#7
Tabashir Z Nobari, Lu Jiang, May C Wang, Shannon E Whaley
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates among low-income infants lag behind national rates. Policies such as the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) improve breastfeeding and may benefit low-income populations such as those who participate in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). A recent effort exists to increase the number of Baby-Friendly designated hospitals in Los Angeles County (LAC). Research aim: This study aimed to determine whether the BFHI effort has had a beneficial effect on Baby-Friendly hospital practices in LAC hospitals and to determine if birthing hospitals' Baby-Friendly designation status is associated with breastfeeding outcomes among WIC-participating children in LAC...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789740/strategically-positioned-breastfeeding-advocacy-and-the-hands-on-nurse
#8
Erika L Gathron
Breastfeeding, a health behavior that provides well-known benefits for mothers, infants, and children, is an essential strategy to improve public health. Breastfeeding can reduce the incidence of infant illness and death and provides both short- and longterm physiological benefits to mothers. National and international government agencies and grassroots organizations supporting breastfeeding include the World Health Organization, the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the La Leche League...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783445/donor-milk-or-formula-a-qualitative-study-of-postpartum-mothers-of-healthy-newborns
#9
Laura R Kair, Valerie J Flaherman
BACKGROUND: Many breastfed infants receive supplemental feeds during the birth hospitalization, either by maternal request or due to medical indications. Donor milk from a certified milk bank has become increasingly available and is now used in some settings for term and late preterm infants. No studies have explored maternal opinions about donor milk and formula as options for supplementary feedings. Research aim: This study aimed to explore maternal perceptions about donor milk and formula supplementation and implications for continued breastfeeding...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782502/society-for-maternal-fetal-medicine-smfm-consult-series-43-hepatitis-c-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-management
#10
Brenna L Hughes, Charlotte M Page, Jeffrey A Kuller
In the United States, 1-2.5% of pregnant women are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), which carries an approximately 5% risk of transmission from mother to infant. HCV can be transmitted to the infant in utero or during the peripartum period, and infection during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse fetal outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and low birth weight. The purpose of this document is to discuss the current evidence regarding HCV in pregnancy and to provide recommendations on screening, treatment, and management of this disease during pregnancy...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782423/maternal-anaemia-after-delivery-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#11
Carola Medina Garrido, Jaime León, Adriana Romaní Vidal
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of postpartum anaemia and determine the clinical risk factors for this condition to provide a viable alternative to postpartum haemoglobin measurement. In total, 1415 patients at Hospital Universitario del Tajo, Madrid, who underwent postpartum haemoglobin testing were included, and risk factors for having an Hb level <10 g/dl were determined. We found that 29% of the mothers were anaemic, and birth canal lacerations, caesarean delivery, episiotomy and South American origin were identified as the main risk factors for this condition...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777972/maternal-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-during-the-perinatal-period-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Natalie Cook, Susan Ayers, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.3% of women in pregnancy have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 4% of women postpartum PTSD. The impact of maternal PTSD during the perinatal period (from conception until one year postpartum) on child outcomes has not been systematically examined. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to synthesize and critically evaluate quantitative research investigating the association between perinatal PTSD and child outcomes. Databases EMBASE, BNI, Medline, PsycInfo and CINAHL were searched using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777099/inflammatory-bowel-diseases-review-of-known-environmental-protective-and-risk-factors-involved
#13
Kimberley W J van der Sloot, Marzyeh Amini, Vera Peters, Gerard Dijkstra, Behrooz Z Alizadeh
Inflammatory bowel diseases consisting of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to genetic susceptibility and disturbances of the microbiome, environmental exposures forming the exposome play an important role. Starting at birth, the cumulative effect of different environmental exposures combined with a predetermined genetic susceptibility is thought to cause inflammatory bowel disease. All these environmental factors are part of a Western lifestyle, suiting the high incidence rates in Europe and the United States...
August 2, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776916/the-association-of-breastfeeding-with-insulin-resistance-at-17%C3%A2-years-prospective-observations-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#14
Lai Ling Hui, Man Ki Kwok, E Anthony S Nelson, So Lun Lee, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Breastfeeding has many benefits for mother and infant. Whether breastfeeding also protects against type 2 diabetes is unclear. To clarify the role of breastfeeding in type 2 diabetes, we assessed the association of breastfeeding with insulin resistance in late adolescence in a birth cohort from a non-Western setting where breastfeeding was not associated with higher socio-economic position. We used multivariable linear regression, with multiple imputation and inverse probability weighting, to examine the adjusted associations of contemporaneously reported feeding in the first 3 months of life (exclusively breastfed, mixed feeding, or always formula-fed) with fasting glucose, fasting insulin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) at 17 years in a subset (n = 710, 8...
August 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775373/association-of-maternal-gestational-weight-gain-with-their-offspring-s-anthropometric-outcomes-at-late-infancy-and-6-years-old-mediating-roles-of-birth-weight-and-breastfeeding-duration
#15
J X Liu, X Xu, J H Liu, J W Hardin, R Li
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies examining the potential mediating roles of birth weight and breastfeeding duration on the pathways between maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) and offspring anthropometric outcomes are lacking. METHODS: We analyzed data from the mother-child pairs in the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (IFPS II) in late infancy (n=1 548) and at the year six follow-up (n=1 514) study. Child anthropometrics included age- and sex-specific Z scores for weight-for-age (WAZ), height/length-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-height/length (WHZ), and body mass index (BMIZ)...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774358/-clinical-effect-of-extensively-hydrolyzed-formula-in-preterm-infants-an-analysis-of-327-cases
#16
Wei He, Jia-Hua Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and safety of extensively hydrolyzed formula (EHF) in preterm infants. METHODS: A total of 692 preterm infants between January 2007 and December 2016 were enrolled as subjects. According to the feeding pattern, they were divided into EHF group (327 infants) and standard preterm formula (SPF) group (365 infants). A retrospective analysis was performed for their clinical data during hospitalization, including the incidence of feeding intolerance, time to establish full enteral feeding, time to first excretion of meconium, time to complete excretion of meconium, presence or absence of intestinal infection or neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), serum albumin level within 3 weeks after admission, and time to the appearance of skin jaundice and its duration...
August 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770973/schedules-for-home-visits-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#17
REVIEW
Naohiro Yonemoto, Therese Dowswell, Shuko Nagai, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Maternal complications including psychological and mental health problems and neonatal morbidity have been commonly observed in the postpartum period. Home visits by health professionals or lay supporters in the weeks following the birth may prevent health problems from becoming chronic with long-term effects on women, their babies, and their families. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes for women and babies of different home-visiting schedules during the early postpartum period...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767287/feeding-practices-and-infant-growth-quantifying-the-effects-of-breastfeeding-termination-and-complementary-food-introduction-on-bmi-z-score-growth-velocity-through-growth-curve-models
#18
Mildred A Horodynski, Steven J Pierce, David Reyes-Gastelum, Beth Olson, Mackenzie Shattuck
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding practices are a focus of early obesity prevention. We tested whether infant growth velocity increased after breastfeeding termination and complementary food introduction. METHODS: Our secondary analysis included a sample of 547 mother-infant dyads from a longitudinal randomized controlled trial conducted in Michigan and Colorado. Infant anthropometrics at birth, baseline, and 6- and 12-month follow-up were standardized to BMI-for-age z-score (ZBMI) according to World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts...
August 2, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764669/determinants-of-childhood-stunting-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-further-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-survey-2013-14
#19
Hallgeir Kismul, Pawan Acharya, Mala Ali Mapatano, Anne Hatløy
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of child stunting in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is among the highest in the world. There is a need to systematically investigate how stunting operates at different levels of determination and identify major factors contributing to the development of stunting. The aim of this study was to look for key determinants of stunting in the DRC. METHODS: This study used data from the DRC Demographic Health Survey 2013-14 which included anthropometric measurement for 9030 under 5 year children...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759408/variation-in-formula-supplementation-of-breastfed-newborn-infants-in-new-york-hospitals
#20
Trang Nguyen, Barbara A Dennison, Wei Fan, Changning Xu, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVES: We examined the variation between 126 New York hospitals in formula supplementation among breastfed infants after adjusting for socioeconomic, maternal, and infant factors and stratifying by level of perinatal care. METHODS: We used 2014 birth certificate data for 160 911 breastfed infants to calculate hospital-specific formula supplementation percentages by using multivariable hierarchical logistic regression models. RESULTS: Formula supplementation percentages varied widely among hospitals, from 2...
July 2017: Pediatrics
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