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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529017/proatherogenic-lipid-profile-in-early-childhood-association-with-weight-status-at-4-years-and-parental-obesity
#1
Isolina Riaño-Galán, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Cristina Rodríguez-Dehli, Damaskini Valvi, Martine Vrijheid, Adonina Tardón
OBJECTIVES: To determine lipid profiles in early childhood and evaluate their association with weight status at 4 years of age. Additionally, we evaluated whether the risk of overweight or having an altered lipid profile was associated with parental weight status. STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred eighty two mothers and their 4-year-old children from 2 Spanish population-based cohorts were studied. Weight status in children at 4 years of age was classified as overweight or obese using the International Obesity Task Force criteria...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525984/study-protocol-evaluation-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-cect5716-for-the-prevention-of-mastitis-in-breastfeeding-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Diana M Bond, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Mastitis and accompanying pain have been associated with the cessation of breastfeeding. Mastitis is an inflammatory condition of the breast and may be a result of decreased immunity and a lowered resistance to infection. Mastitis affects up to one in five breastfeeding women with most episodes occurring in the first 6-8 weeks postpartum. Antibiotics are often used in the treatment of mastitis, but have not been popular or proven effective as a preventative agent. The WHO has highlighted significant concerns relating to adverse harms of antibiotic use with the production of antibiotic-resistant strains of disease organisms...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514320/preoperative-warming-versus-no-preoperative-warming-for-maintenance-of-normothermia-in-women-receiving-intrathecal-morphine-for-cesarean-delivery-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Judy Munday, Sonya Osborne, Patsy Yates, David Sturgess, Lee Jones, Edward Gosden
BACKGROUND: Rates of hypothermia for women undergoing spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery are high and prevention is desirable. This trial compared the effectiveness of preoperative warming versus usual care among women receiving intrathecal morphine, which is thought to exacerbate perioperative heat loss. METHODS: A prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial compared 20 minutes of forced air warming (plus intravenous fluid warming) versus no active preoperative warming (plus intravenous fluid warming) in 50 healthy American Society of Anesthesiologists graded II women receiving intrathecal morphine as part of spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512241/assessment-of-breast-cancer-risk-factors-reveals-subtype-heterogeneity
#4
Johanna Holm, Louise Eriksson, Alexander Ploner, Mikael Eriksson, Mattias Rantalainen, Jingmei Li, Per Hall, Kamila Czene
Subtype heterogeneity for breast cancer risk factors has been suspected, potentially reflecting etiological differences and implicating risk prediction. However, reports are conflicting regarding presence of heterogeneity for many exposures. To examine subtype heterogeneity across known breast cancer risk factors, we conducted a case-control analysis of 2,632 breast cancers and 15,945 controls in Sweden. Molecular subtype was predicted from pathology-record derived immunohistochemistry markers by a classifier trained on PAM50 subtyping...
May 16, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498315/factors-associated-with-stunting-among-children-aged-0-to-59-months-from-the-central-region-of-mozambique
#5
Loida M García Cruz, Gloria González Azpeitia, Desiderio Reyes Súarez, Alfredo Santana Rodríguez, Juan Francisco Loro Ferrer, Lluis Serra-Majem
The objective of this study was to identify the major socio-demographic, health, and environmental determinants of stunting among children aged 0-59 months from the Tete province (Mozambique) and offering useful information for future healthcare strategies and interventions. A case-control study was conducted among 282 (162 boys; 120 girls) children under five years of age from the central region of Mozambique between 1 May and 3 June 2014. Children with stunting (HAZ < -2 SD according to the WHO Child Growth Standards in 2006) were considered as cases and those who had a Z-score < -2 SD were considered as controls...
May 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494389/breastfeeding-support-and-opiate-dependence-a-think-aloud-study
#6
Sonya MacVicar, Tracy Humphrey, Katrina E Forbes-McKay
OBJECTIVE: international guidelines recommend the promotion and protection of breastfeeding for the substance exposed mother and baby. Yet few studies have explored the facilitators, moderators and barriers to successful breastfeeding for women enrolled on opiate maintenance treatment, or suggested targeted support strategies. The aim of this study was to explore the views of women with opiate dependence on proposed elements for inclusion in a breastfeeding support intervention. DESIGN: a qualitative study using think aloud technique...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487451/infant-feeding-and-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-in-two-large-scandinavian-birth-cohorts
#7
Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Stine Dydensborg Sander, Ketil Størdal, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Kjersti S Rønningen, Geir Joner, Torild Skrivarhaug, Pål R Njølstad, Steffen Husby, Lars C Stene
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the relation between the duration of full and any breastfeeding and risk of type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We included two population-based cohorts of children followed from birth (1996-2009) to 2014 (Denmark) or 2015 (Norway). We analyzed data from a total of 155,392 children participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study and the Danish National Birth Cohort. Parents reported infant dietary practices when their child was 6 and 18 months old...
May 9, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486519/changes-in-body-mass-index-and-hemoglobin-concentration-in-breastfeeding-women-living-with-hiv-with-a-cd4-count-over-350-results-from-4-african-countries-the-anrs-12174-trial
#8
Eric Nagaonlé Somé, Ingunn M S Engebretsen, Nicolas Nagot, Nicolas Y Meda, Roselyne Vallo, Chipepo Kankasa, James K Tumwine, Mandisa Singata, Justus G Hofmeyr, Philippe Van de Perre, Thorkild Tylleskär
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is recommended for infants born to HIV-infected women in low-income settings. Both breastfeeding and HIV-infection are energy demanding. Our objective was to explore how exclusive and predominant breastfeeding changes body mass index (BMI) among breastfeeding HIV1-positive women participating in the ANRS12174 trial (clinical trial no NCT0064026). METHODS: HIV-positive women (n = 1 267) with CD4 count >350, intending to breastfeed HIV-negative infants were enrolled from Burkina Faso, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia and counselled on breastfeeding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479879/nutritional-status-feeding-practices-and-state-of-other-related-indicators-at-onset-of-a-multi-model-community-nutrition-intervention-program-in-mpigi-district-uganda
#9
Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Florence Basiimwa Tushemerirwe, Richard Kajjura, Victoria Nabunya, Ronald Andrew Naitala, Cissie Namanda
INTRODUCTION: In Uganda, malnutrition level has persistently remained high among the under-fives and this has led NGOs like World Vision, Uganda into finding innovative ways for intervention. This paper presents an assessment of nutrition status and values of related indicators at onset of a community intervention program in four sub-counties of Mpigi district in Central Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study to provide baseline information for a nutrition intervention...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476322/factors-associated-with-effective-nutrition-interventions-for-pregnant-indigenous-women-a-systematic-review
#10
Amy M Ashman, Leanne J Brown, Clare E Collins, Megan E Rollo, Kym M Rae
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous people continue to experience health disparities relative to non-Indigenous populations. Interventions to improve nutrition during pregnancy in these groups may improve health outcomes for mothers and their infants. The effectiveness of existing nutrition intervention programs has not been reviewed previously. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify interventions targeting improving nutrition-related outcomes for pregnant Indigenous women residing in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, and to identify positive factors contributing to successful programs...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476196/parental-exposure-to-workplace-carcinogens-and-the-risk-of-development-of%C3%A2-acute-leukemia-in-infants-case-control-study
#11
María Luisa Pérez-Saldivar, Arturo Fajardo-Gutiérrez, José Alfredo Sierra-Ramírez, Nancy Núñez-Villegas, Héctor Pérez-Lorenzana, Elisa María Dorantes-Acosta, Pedro Francisco Román-Zepeda, María Del Carmen Rodríguez-Zepeda, Juana Esther González-Ulivarri, Norma López-Santiago, Sofía Irene Martínez-Silva, Rogelio Paredes-Aguilera, Martha Margarita Velázquez-Aviña, Janet Flores-Lujano, Elva Jiménez-Hernández, Juan Carlos Núñez-Enríquez, Vilma Carolina Bekker-Méndez, Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Occupational exposure of parents to carcinogens is of great interest in the etiology of leukemias. Evidence of the impact of such exposure on infants or small children is scarce. Here we estimated whether occupational exposure of parents to carcinogens could be a risk factor for leukemias in their children. METHODS: Cases of acute leukemia (AL) in infants ≤24 months old diagnosed in Mexico City (1998-2013) were included in a population-based, case-control study...
November 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474159/fatty-acid-status-in-infancy-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-associated-autoimmunity
#13
Sari Niinistö, Hanna-Mari Takkinen, Iris Erlund, Suvi Ahonen, Jorma Toppari, Jorma Ilonen, Riitta Veijola, Mikael Knip, Outi Vaarala, Suvi M Virtanen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the association of early serum fatty acid composition with the risk of type 1 diabetes-associated autoimmunity. Our hypothesis was that fatty acid status during infancy is related to type 1 diabetes-associated autoimmunity and that long-chain n-3 fatty acids, in particular, are associated with decreased risk. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control analysis within the Finnish Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention Study birth cohort, carrying HLA-conferred susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (n = 7782)...
May 4, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472601/correlation-of-infant-gender-with-postpartum-maternal-and-paternal-depression-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-rates
#14
Kanika Goyal, Pragati Purbiya, Sandeep N Lal, Jaspreet Kaur, Pooja Anthwal, Jacob M Puliyel
INTRODUCTION: Male bias in India has resulted in an altered sex ratio. It also results in maternal postpartum depression (PPD) and lower breastfeeding rates. We studied depression among fathers in this context. METHODS: Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) questionnaire was administered to 479 parents separately. Breastfeeding on day 7 was determined. RESULTS: Depression was significantly higher in fathers of girls. Mean EPDS score was 5...
May 4, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469519/factors-influencing-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#15
Riyadh A Alzaheb
BACKGROUND: Breast milk contains all the nutrients infants need for their first 6 months of life. However, only a minority of Saudi Arabian mothers exclusively breastfeed, so the influencing factors must be examined to encourage more to do so. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months and its associated factors in Tabuk, North West Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A total of 589 mothers of healthy infants aged between 6 and 24 months were interviewed while attending Well-Baby Clinics within 5 primary health care centers...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464884/risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression-among-chinese-women-path-model-analysis
#16
Shiping Liu, Yan Yan, Xiao Gao, Shiting Xiang, Tingting Sha, Guangyu Zeng, Qiong He
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression causes harm to both mothers and infants. The purpose of this study was to find out several potential risk factors, and to identify the intrinsic interrelationships between factors and postpartum depression by constructing a path model. The results of this study may help to control the increasing incidence of maternal postpartum depression. METHODS: The study was based on a sample of mothers from a cross-sectional study which was set up at 4 weeks after a mother had childbirth and was conducted in three streets at Kaifu District of Changsha in Hunan province from January to December 2015...
May 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463883/htlv-1-infection-and-disease-in-spain
#17
Carmen de Mendoza, Estrella Caballero, Antonio Aguilera, Silvia Requena, Raúl Ortiz de Lejarazu, María Pirón, Rocío González, Ana Jiménez, Lourdes Roc, Ana Treviño, Rafael Benito, Miriam Fernández-Alonso, Aitziber Aguinaga, Carmen Rodríguez, Juan García-Costa, Lidia Blanco, José M Ramos, Enrique Calderón, José M Eirós, Silvia Sauleda, Pablo Barreiro, Vicente Soriano
: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection is a neglected disease despite roughly 15 million people are chronically infected worldwide. Lifelong less than 10% of carriers develop life-threatening diseases, mostly a subacute myelopathy known as tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) and a lymphoproliferative disorder named adult T-cell leukemia (ATL). HTLV-1 is efficiently transmitted perinatally (breastfeeding), sexually (more from male to female) and parenterally (transfusions, injection drug use and transplants)...
May 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461293/breastfeeding-maternal-asthma-and-wheezing-in-the-first-year-of-life-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-birth-cohort-study
#18
Meghan B Azad, Lorena Vehling, Zihang Lu, David Dai, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piushkumar J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Diana L Lefebvre, Malcolm R Sears
The impact of breastfeeding on respiratory health is uncertain, particularly when the mother has asthma. We examined the association of breastfeeding and wheezing in the first year of life.We studied 2773 infants from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) birth cohort. Caregivers reported on infant feeding and wheezing episodes at 3, 6 and 12 months. Breastfeeding was classified as exclusive, partial (supplemented with formula or complementary foods) or none.Overall, 21% of mothers had asthma, 46% breastfed for at least 12 months and 21% of infants experienced wheezing...
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459932/effects-of-promoting-long-term-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-adolescent-adiposity-blood-pressure-and-growth-trajectories-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Richard M Martin, Michael S Kramer, Rita Patel, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Jennifer Thompson, Seungmi Yang, Konstantin Vilchuck, Natalia Bogdanovich, Mikhail Hameza, Kate Tilling, Emily Oken
Importance: Evidence that breastfeeding reduces child obesity risk and lowers blood pressure (BP) is based on potentially confounded observational studies. Objective: To investigate the effects of a breastfeeding promotion intervention on adiposity and BP at age 16 years and on longitudinal growth trajectories from birth. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cluster-randomized Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial. Belarusian maternity hospitals and affiliated polyclinics (the clusters) were allocated into intervention (n = 16) or control arms (n = 15) in 1996 and 1997...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449646/when-is-the-use-of-pacifiers-justifiable-in-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-context-a-clinician-s-guide
#20
Welma Lubbe, Wilma Ten Ham-Baloyi
BACKGROUND: The use of pacifiers is an ancient practice, but often becomes a point of debate when parents and professionals aim to protect and promote breastfeeding as most appropriately for nurturing infants. We discuss the current literature available on pacifier use to enable critical decision-making regarding justifiable use of pacifiers, especially in the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative context, and we provide practical guidelines for clinicians. DISCUSSION: Suck-swallow-breathe coordination is an important skill that every newborn must acquire for feeding success...
April 27, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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