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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212307/antiretroviral-treatment-in-hiv-1-positive-mothers-neurological-implications-in-virus-free-children
#1
REVIEW
Antonio Victor Campos Coelho, Paola Maura Tricarico, Fulvio Celsi, Sergio Crovella
Since the worldwide introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in human immunodeficiency virus type 1, HIV-1-positive mothers, together with HIV-1 testing prior to pregnancy, caesarian birth and breastfeeding cessation with replacement feeding, a reduction of HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) has been observed in the last few years. As such, an increasing number of children are being exposed in utero to ART. Several questions have arisen concerning the neurological effects of ART exposure in utero, considering the potential effect of antiretroviral drugs on the central nervous system, a structure which is in continuous development in the fetus and characterized by great plasticity...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208965/long-term-outcomes-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#2
Sunil Gavhane, Deepak Eklare, Haseeb Mohammad
INTRODUCTION: Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has been gaining acceptance as an effective alternative to incubator based Conventional Medical Care (CMC) in preterm or Low Birth Weight (LBW) infants especially in resource scarce developing countries. AIM: To report and analyse the long-term effects of KMC for relatively stable Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants on nutritional indicators and feeding conditions at 6-12 months of corrected age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was done at a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a teaching institution in southern India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208964/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-in-infants-receiving-skin-to-skin-care-at-birth-follow-up-of-randomized-cohort
#3
Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Vijay Karshanbhai Patel, Dhaval Nileshbhai Patel, Ajay Gajanan Phatak
INTRODUCTION: Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding. AIM: We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06/003790) conducted in a teaching hospital located in central Gujarat...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207960/improving-nutritional-practices-in-premature-infants-can-increase-their-growth-velocity-and-the-breastfeeding-rates
#4
Salvador Piris Borregas, María López Maestro, María José Torres Valdivieso, José Carlos Martínez Ávila, Gerardo Bustos Lozano, Carmen Rosa Pallás Alonso
AIM: This study analysed the changes in growth velocity (GV) of preterm infants weighing less than 1,500g based on different nutritional practices over a 24-year period. METHODS: A retrospective study with prospectively collected data was performed in a level three Spanish neonatal intensive care unit. Data on birth weight, gestational age (GA) and GV were collected from 1990 to 2013 and breastfeeding data was gathered from 2000. A generalised linear model corrected by GA and small for gestational age was applied...
February 16, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#5
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203331/mothers-attitudes-toward-feeding-twin-babies-in-the-first-six-months-of-life-a-sample-from-sakarya-turkey
#6
Nursan Cinar, Dilek Kose, Muge Alvur, Ozlem Dogu
BACKGROUND: It is stated in the literature that a mother's breast milk is sufficient for more than one baby. OBJECTIVES: This descriptive study aimed to determine whether twin babies are breastfed during their first six months of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the twin birth cases in a state hospital in Sakarya, Turkey between October 2011 and March 2013. The population of the study consisted of entire mothers who had delivered twins in the maternity ward of the hospital...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194877/focused-breastfeeding-counselling-improves-short-and-long-term-success-in-an-early-discharge-setting-a-cluster-randomized-study
#7
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Christopher H Knight, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Hanne Kronborg
Length of postnatal hospitalization has decreased and has been shown to be associated with infant nutritional problems and increase in readmissions. We aimed to evaluate if guidelines for breastfeeding counselling in an early discharge hospital setting had an effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant readmission and breastfeeding duration. A cluster randomized trial was conducted and assigned nine maternity settings in Denmark to intervention or usual care. Women were eligible if they expected a single infant, intended to breastfeed, were able to read Danish, and expected to be discharged within 50 hr postnatally...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181214/aspirin-single-dose-for-perineal-pain-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#8
REVIEW
Sujana Molakatalla, Emily Shepherd, Rosalie M Grivell
BACKGROUND: Perineal trauma (due to spontaneous tears, surgical incision (episiotomy) or in association with operative vaginal birth) is common after vaginal birth, and is often associated with postpartum perineal pain. Birth over an intact perineum may also lead to perineal pain. There are adverse health consequences associated with perineal pain for the women and their babies in the short- and long-term, and the pain may interfere with newborn care and the establishment of breastfeeding...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177111/factors-affecting-breastfeeding-practices-among-working-women-in-pakistan
#9
J A Soomro, Z N Shaikh, S A Bijarani, T B Saheer
In urban areas of Pakistan, women's return to work after giving birth has frequently been found to be a main contributor to the early termination of breastfeeding. This study aimed to assess workplace breastfeeding support provided to working mothers in Pakistan. In a cross-sectional survey in 2014, mothers and employers from a representative sample of 297 workplaces were interviewed using a pre-tested questionnaire. Mothers from 36 (12.1%) sites reported receiving breastfeeding breaks, and 86% of the mothers had received 3 months paid maternity leave...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174037/observed-infant-food-cue-responsivity-associations-with-maternal-report-of-infant-eating-behavior-breastfeeding-and-infant-weight-gain
#10
Elizabeth Buvinger, Katherine Rosenblum, Alison L Miller, Niko A Kaciroti, Julie C Lumeng
Infant obesity and the rate of weight gain during infancy are significant public health concerns, but few studies have examined eating behaviors in infancy. Food cue responsivity has been described as a key contributor to obesity risk in school age children and adults, but has been rarely examined during infancy. The purpose of the current study was to test among 30 infants aged 6-12 months the hypotheses that infants would show greater interest in food versus non-food stimuli, and that greater birth weight, greater rate of weight gain during infancy, greater mother-reported food responsiveness, being formula versus breastmilk fed, and higher maternal body mass index, would each be associated with greater interest in the food versus non-food stimulus...
February 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173891/early-life-risk-exposure-and-stunting-in-urban-south-african-2-year-old-children
#11
W Slemming, J Kagura, H Saloojee, L M Richter
Stunting is a measure of overall nutritional status and is a major public health concern because of its association with child mortality and morbidity and later adult performance. This study examined the effects of pregnancy events, birth characteristics and infant risk exposure on stunting at age 2 years. The study, established in 1990 in Soweto, an urban South African township, included 1098 mother-infant pairs enroled in the Birth to Twenty Plus longitudinal birth cohort study. In total, 22% of children were stunted at age 2 years, with males at greater risk than females [24...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170442/explaining-changes-in-child-health-inequality-in-the-run-up-to-the-2015-millennium-development-goals-mdgs-the-case-of-zambia
#12
Peter Hangoma, Arild Aakvik, Bjarne Robberstad
BACKGROUND: Child health interventions were drastically scaled up in the period leading up to 2015 as countries aimed at meeting the 2015 target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). MDGs were defined in terms of achieving improvements in average health. Significant improvements in average child health are documented, but evidence also points to rising inequality. It is important to investigate factors that drive the increasing disparities in order to inform the post-2015 development agenda of reducing inequality, as captured in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169972/breastfeeding-and-infant-hospitalisation-for-infections-large-cohort-and-sibling-analysis
#13
Ketil Størdal, Karen M Lundeby, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Margaretha Haugen, Britt Nakstad, Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Lars C Stene
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding may protect against infections, but its optimal duration remains controversial. We aimed to study the association of the duration of full and any breastfeeding with infections the first 18 months of life. METHODS: The Norwegian Mother and Child study (MoBa) is a prospective birth cohort which recruited expecting mothers giving birth from 2000-2009. We analyzed data from the full cohort (n = 70 511) and sibling sets (n = 21 220) with parental report of breastfeeding and infections...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169819/-study-of-two-indicators-of-difficulty-in-initiating-maternal-breastfeeding-160-maternal-fatigue-and-suboptimal-infant-breastfeeding-behaviour
#14
Latifa Saidi, Pierre Godbout
<ce:para>The problems with setting up breastfeading are common and are associated with a heightened risk of weening. The main motives brought up by the mothers for early weening were fatigue and the suboptimal infant breastfeeding behaviour (SIBB). The goal of this study is to describe the fatigue levels of breastfeading women who gave birth to healthy full term babies in a hospital setting and the SIBB. This study also examines the relation between these two variables.</ce:para><ce:para>This descriptive correlational and cross-sectional study was conducted with breasfeeding women who gave birth to healthy, full term, single babies at the CHU in Moncton between June and September 2013...
July 5, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165407/prevalence-of-breastfeeding-findings-from-the-first-health-service-household-interview-in-hunan-province-china
#15
Hong Qin, Lin Zhang, Lingling Zhang, Wei Zhang, Li Li, Xin Deng, Danping Tian, Jing Deng, Guoqing Hu
Background: With the development of economy and urbanization, methods of child-feeding have significantly changed in China over the past three decades. However, little is known about breastfeeding in China since 2009. This study aims to update information on the prevalence of breastfeeding in China. Methods: Data were obtained from the first Health Service Household Interview Survey of Hunan Province, China. Of 24,282 respondents, 1659 were aged five years or younger. We ran multivariable logistic regression to examine the impact of urban/rural setting, gender, age and household income per capita on the use of breastfeeding...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161200/predictors-of-infant-body-composition-at-5-months-of-age-the-healthy-start-study
#16
Katherine A Sauder, Jill L Kaar, Anne P Starling, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of demographic, perinatal, and infant feeding characteristics with offspring body composition at approximately 5 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: We collected data on 640 mother/offspring pairs from early pregnancy through approximately 5 months of age. We assessed offspring body composition with air displacement plethysmography at birth and approximately 5 months of age. Linear regression analyses examined associations between predictors and fat-free mass, fat mass, and percent fat mass (adiposity) at approximately 5 months...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159130/early-discharge-following-birth-what-characterises-mothers-and-newborns
#17
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Hanne Kronborg, Christopher H Knight, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen
BACKGROUND: Early postnatal discharge has increased over the past 50 years and today we lack the knowledge on who is discharged early that would allow us to improve quality of postnatal care. The aim of this study was to describe maternal and infant predictors for early postnatal discharge in a country with equal access to health care. METHODS: An observational study of 2786 mothers, recruited in pregnancy was conducted from April 2013 to August 2014 in four of the five regions in Denmark...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157136/global-health-of-babies-and-children
#18
Susan Gennaro, Caitlin OʼConnor, Megan Marx
PURPOSE: We provide an overview of the health of neonates, infants, and children around the world. Issues in maximizing neonatal health are examined using the Sustainable Development Goals developed by the United Nations as a framework. RECOMMENDATIONS: Interventions that can help optimize neonatal, infant, and child health in the future are reviewed, including increasing preventative healthcare (immunizations, malaria prevention, exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life), enhancing point-of-care interventions (including umbilical cord care, antenatal corticosteroids if preterm birth is anticipated, and antibiotic therapy), enhancing nutritional interventions (to decrease diarrheal diseases and decrease wasting, stunting, and underweight), and building systems capacityClinical Implications: In an increasingly global world where wars, climate change, civil unrest, and economic uncertainty all influence health, it is important that nurses understand global health problems common for neonates, infants, and children and current recommendations to enhance their health...
February 1, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152330/randomized-controlled-trial-on-effect-of-intermittent-early-versus-late-kangaroo-mother-care-on-human-milk-feeding-in-low-birth-weight-neonates
#19
Dhaarani Jayaraman, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Anil Kumar Bhalla, Lakhbir Kaur Dhaliwal
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding at discharge among sick low-birth-weight (LBW) infants is low despite counseling and intervention like kangaroo mother care (KMC). Research aim: The aim was to study the effects of early initiation of KMC on exclusive human milk feeding, growth, mortality, and morbidities in LBW neonates compared with late initiation of KMC during the hospital stay and postdischarge. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in level 2 and 3 areas of a tertiary care neonatal unit over 15 months...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146586/making-the-continuum-of-care-work-for-mothers-and-infants-does-gender-equity-matter-findings-from-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-bihar-india
#20
Lotus McDougal, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Jay G Silverman, Usha K Tarigopula, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: Improvements in continuum of care (CoC) utilization are needed to address inadequate reductions in neonatal and infant mortality in India and elsewhere. This study examines the effect of Ananya, a health system training and community outreach intervention, on reproductive, maternal and newborn health continuum of care (RMNH CoC) utilization in Bihar, India, and explores whether that effect is moderated by gender equity factors (child marriage, restricted mobility and low decision-making control)...
2017: PloS One
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