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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333008/metabolic-syndrome-and-breast-cancer-risk
#1
Burhan Wani, Shiekh Aejaz Aziz, Mohammad Ashraf Ganaie, Mohammad Hussain Mir
Objective: The study was meant to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with breast cancer and to establish its role as an independent risk factor on occurrence of breast cancer. Materials and Methods: Fifty women aged between 40 and 80 years with breast cancer and fifty controls of similar age were assessed for metabolic syndrome prevalence and breast cancer risk factors, including age at menarche, reproductive status, live births, breastfeeding, and family history of breast cancer, age at diagnosis of breast cancer, body mass index, and metabolic syndrome parameters...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325660/impact-of-the-lactation-advice-through-texting-can-help-latch-trial-on-time-to-first-contact-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-wic-participants
#2
Josefa L Martinez-Brockman, Nurit Harari, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Lori Goeschel, Valerie Bozzi, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of a 2-way text messaging intervention on time to contact between participants and their breastfeeding peer counselors (BFPCs) and on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) status at 2 weeks and 3 months postpartum. DESIGN: Multisite, single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) BFPC program. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income women (n = 174) participating in the WIC BFPC program...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324318/a-feasibility-study-of-a-multidimensional-breastfeeding-support-intervention-in-ireland
#3
Goiuri Alberdi, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Helena Scully, Niamh Kelly, Regina Kincaid, Rosie Murtagh, Stephanie Murray, Denise McGuinness, Ashamole Clive, Mary Brosnan, Lucille Sheehy, Elizabeth Dunn, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimum mode of infant feeding. Despite this, most global populations do not achieve the World Health Organisation's recommendation of exclusive breast milk for the first 6 months of life. Irish breastfeeding rates are among the lowest in Europe, necessitating a well-designed breastfeeding-support intervention. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multidimensional breastfeeding intervention in a rural and an urban maternity setting in Ireland...
December 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316934/physiological-mitochondrial-and-oxidative-stress-differences-in-the-presence-or-absence-of-lactation-in-rats
#4
Hayden W Hyatt, Yufeng Zhang, Wendy R Hood, Andreas N Kavazis
BACKGROUND: Human epidemiological data show that breastfeeding reduces the mother's probability of developing several disease conditions, including obesity and type II diabetes compared to mothers that give birth but do not breastfeed. The goal of this investigation was to characterize how lactation changes a rat's body composition, metabolism, mitochondrial function, and oxidative stress. METHODS: Ten-week old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n = 8 per group): 1) non-reproductive (NR), 2) those that were allowed to mate and give birth, but were not allowed to suckle their pups (PP), and 3) those that were allowed to mate and give birth, and suckled their young until weaning at 21 days (PL)...
January 9, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316014/effects-of-daytime-versus-night-time-cesarean-deliveries-on-stage-ii-lactogenesis
#5
Gülşah İlhan, Fatma V Atmaca, Ayşenur Çümen, Ali G Zebitay, Emre S Güngör, Ayşe F G Karasu
AIM: The circadian timing system has a rhythm and one of the roles of this system is the mediation of hormonal and metabolic adaptations to lactation. This study was conducted to determine whether the time to stage II lactogenesis differed in women who underwent cesarean section (CS) in the daytime (DT) or night-time (NT). METHODS: This study was conducted at Süleymaniye Research and Education Hospital between June and December 2016. Two hundred and eighty-eight mothers who had a cesarean delivery and their healthy singleton neonates were included...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306654/humoral-immune-response-to-measles-and-varicella-vaccination-in-former-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#6
Carolina Schlindwein Mariano Ferreira, Maria Cristina Abrão Aued Perin, Maria Isabel de Moraes-Pinto, Raquel Maria Simão-Gurge, Ana Lucia Goulart, Lily Yin Weckx, Amélia Miyashiro Nunes Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: Immune response to vaccination in infants born prematurely may be lower than in infants born at full-term. Some clinical factors might be associated with humoral immune response. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare the immune response to measles and varicella vaccination in infants born prematurely with those born at full-term and to analyze factors associated with measles and varicella antibody levels. METHODS: Prospective study including two groups of infants aged 12 months...
January 4, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306242/associations-of-apgar-score-and-size-at-birth-with-lipoprotein-subclasses-in-juvenile-obesity
#7
Osama H. Bekhet, Jelena Vekic, Aleksandra Zeljkovic, Dusan Parıpovıc, Tamara Gojkovıc, Jelena Janac, Vesna Spasojevıc-Kalımanovska, Amira Peco-Antıc, Gordana Mılosevskı-Lomıc, Zorana Jelıc-Ivanovıc, Aleksandra Stefanovıc
Background/aim: Juvenile obesity is associated with several metabolic abnormalities, one of them being atherogenic dyslipidemia. Suboptimal fetal growth is associated with obesity risk in childhood, but also with increased rate of metabolic diseases in later life. This study investigated associations of neonatal data (Apgar score, birth weight and birth length) with low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL) subclasses in a group of obese children, as well as a possible impact of breastfeeding duration on obesity-associated lipoprotein subclasses distributions...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304013/breastfeeding-determinants-in-healthy-term-newborns
#8
Lorenzo Colombo, Beatrice Letizia Crippa, Dario Consonni, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Viola Agosti, Giulia Mangino, Elena Nicoletta Bezze, Paola Agnese Mauri, Lidia Zanotta, Paola Roggero, Laura Plevani, Donatella Bertoli, Maria Lorella Giannì, Fabio Mosca
Breastfeeding is the normative standard for infant feeding. Despite its established benefits, different factors can affect breastfeeding rates over time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding determinants in healthy term newborns during the first three months of life. A prospective, observational, single-center study was conducted in the nursery of Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico in Milan, Italy. The mother-baby dyads that were admitted to the Clinic in January and February 2017 were enrolled...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290275/the-effects-of-cold-application-to-the-perineum-on-pain-relief-after-vaginal-birth
#9
Derya K Senol, Ergul Aslan
PURPOSE: Perineal pain developing during the postpartum period affects women's relationships with their families and infants. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of cold gel pad application for relieving perineal pain and possibly increasing mothers' comfort after vaginal delivery. METHODS: This experimental randomized controlled study was conducted in the postpartum department of obstetrics and gynecology hospital. A total of 200 mothers were included in the study...
December 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284716/burden-of-early-term-birth-on-adverse-infant-outcomes-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-brazil
#10
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Mariza Theme-Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the national rate of early-term live births in Brazil and to evaluate the effect of birth at 37 and 38 weeks' gestation, as compared with 39 and 40 weeks' gestation on infant outcomes according to precursors of birth and the existence of maternal/fetal medical conditions. DESIGN: National perinatal population-based cohort study. SETTING: 266 maternity services located in the five Brazilian macroregions. PARTICIPANTS: 18 652 singleton live newborns from 37 0/7 to 40 6/7 weeks of gestation...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283881/predictors-of-severe-obesity-in-low-income-predominantly-hispanic-latino-children-the-texas-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-study
#11
Meliha Salahuddin, Adriana Pérez, Nalini Ranjit, Steven H Kelder, Sarah E Barlow, Stephen J Pont, Nancy F Butte, Deanna M Hoelscher
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to identify predictors of severe obesity in a low-income, predominantly Hispanic/Latino sample of children in Texas. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis examined baseline data on 517 children from the secondary prevention component of the Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (TX CORD) study; data were collected from September 2012 through February 2014. Self-administered surveys were used to collect data from parents of children who were aged 2 to 12 years, had a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher, and resided in Austin, Texas, or Houston, Texas...
December 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280294/urban-rural-disparity-in-female-breast-cancer-incidence-rate-in-china-and-the-increasing-trend-in-parallel-with-socioeconomic-development-and-urbanization-in-a-rural-setting
#12
Denggui Wen, Xiaoduo Wen, Yi Yang, Yuetong Chen, Lizhen Wei, Yutong He, Baoen Shan
BACKGROUND: Worldwide breast cancer incidence correlates with socioeconomic status and increases in parallel with westernization, however urban-rural disparity and trends have not been adequately investigated in China. METHODS: The age standardized rate (ASR) of female breast cancer by population-based cancer registration was compared between urban Shijiazhuang city and rural Shexian County in relation to socioeconomic status. The increasing trend of breast cancer in Shexian County from 2000-2015 was examined using Joinpoint analysis and the correlation with gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was analyzed...
December 27, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278959/the-influence-of-maternal-life-stressors-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-a-us-population-based-study
#13
Panagiota Kitsantas, Kathleen F Gaffney, Lavanya Nirmalraj, Mehmet Sari
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of maternal financial, emotional, traumatic and partner-associated stressors on breastfeeding initiation and duration. METHODS: Data (216 756 records) from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System surveys were used in the analysis. Logistic regressions were conducted to estimate the magnitude and direction of associations between maternal stressors occurring in the 12 months prior to infant birth and both breastfeeding initiation and duration up to 4 weeks infant age...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278013/behind-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-not-only-food
#14
Luca Pecoraro, Carlo Agostoni, Orsiol Pepaj, Angelo Pietrobelli
After birth, breastfeeding should not be considered only a normal and physiological event; in fact, it encloses both physical and the psychological aspects. Human milk cannot be compared to any formula milk. Specifically, human milk has immunological and nutritional properties and it is considered the best available option which guarantees an adequate growth and an optimal development of a child. Differences in term of mediators and hormones have been shown between infants who were breastfed and ones who were not...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277038/an-evaluation-of-spanish-and-english-on-line-information-sources-regarding-pregnancy-birth-and-the-postnatal-period
#15
Isabel Artieta-Pinedo, Carmen Paz-Pascual, Gonzalo Grandes, Gemma Villanueva
OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of web pages found by women when carrying out an exploratory search concerning pregnancy, childbirth, the postpartum period and breastfeeding. DESIGN/SETTING: a descriptive study of the first 25 web pages that appear in the search engines Google, Yahoo and Bing, in October 2014 in the Basque Country (Spain), when entering eight Spanish words and seven English words related to pregnancy, childbirth, the postpartum period, breastfeeding and newborns...
December 9, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276734/stress-the-gut-brain-axis-regulation-by-the-microbiome
#16
REVIEW
Jane A Foster, Linda Rinaman, John F Cryan
The importance of the gut-brain axis in regulating stress-related responses has long been appreciated. More recently, the microbiota has emerged as a key player in the control of this axis, especially during conditions of stress provoked by real or perceived homeostatic challenge. Diet is one of the most important modifying factors of the microbiota-gut-brain axis. The routes of communication between the microbiota and brain are slowly being unravelled, and include the vagus nerve, gut hormone signaling, the immune system, tryptophan metabolism, and microbial metabolites such as short chain fatty acids...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261680/determinants-of-stunting-among-children-aged-6-59-months-at-kindo-didaye-woreda-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-unmatched-case-control-study
#17
Bancha Batiro, Tsegaye Demissie, Yoseph Halala, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Stunting is a well-established risk marker of poor child development. Globally in 2017, 155 million children under 5 were estimated to be stunted. While different activities are being done to reduce the burden of stunted growth, the problem is overwhelming in Africa; it was increased by 24%. Therefore, identifying determinants of stunting among children aged 6-59 would help to set priorities for action and to the design of stunting reduction plan at a grassroots level. METHODS: The unmatched case-control study was conducted in randomly selected 8 rural kebeles of Kindo Didaye woreda, Ethiopia from February to April, 2016 to identify the determinants of stunting among children aged 6-59 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260474/arsenic-exposure-to-breast-fed-infants-contaminated-breastfeeding-in-the-first-month-of-birth
#18
Mohammad Hossien Salmani, Zinab Rezaie, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush
Humans are exposed to heavy metals through ingestion, inhalation, and dermal absorption. Exposure to these chemicals may be possible during lactation. Although breastfeeding has import benefits of physical growth and development of breastfed infants, it may be a source of exposure to toxicants. The present study was conducted to determine infant exposure to the arsenic via breastfeeding. The milk samples were collected from the 150 volunteering mothers three times during the first month of lactation after delivery...
December 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249889/the-effect-of-early-childhood-stunting-on-children-s-cognitive-achievements-evidence-from-young-lives-ethiopia
#19
Tassew Woldehanna, Jere R Behrman, Mesele W Araya
Background: There is little empirical evidence on the effect of childhood malnutrition on children's cognitive achievements in low income countries like Ethiopia. A longitudinal data is thus vital to understand the factors that influence cognitive development of children over time, particularly how early childhood stunting affects cognitive achievement of children up to the age of 8 years. Objective: To examine the effect of early childhood stunting on cognitive achievements of children using longitudinal data that incorporate anthropometric measurements and results of cognitive achievement tests such as Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Cognitive Development Assessment quantitative tests...
2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, YaʾItyoṗyā ṭénā Lemāt Maṣḥét
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248229/breastfeeding-associated-microbiota-in-human-milk-following-supplementation-with-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-lactobacillus-acidophilus-la-5-and-bifidobacterium-animalis-subspecies-lactis-bb-12
#20
Melanie Rae Simpson, Ekaterina Avershina, Ola Storrø, Roar Johnsen, Knut Rudi, Torbjørn Øien
Breastfeeding is one of the major factors affecting the early development of the infant gut microbiota, and weaning is associated with a shift in the gut microbiota toward a more adult composition. Through breastfeeding, infants receive bioactive components that shape their microbiota while also being exposed to the breast milk and breast surface microbial communities. Recent studies have suggested the possibility of an entero-mammary route of microbial transfer, opening the possibility of infant gut microbiota modulation through maternal probiotic supplementation...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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