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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914189/analysis-of-experiences-with-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-hiv-positive-mothers-in-lusaka-zambia
#1
Alice Ngoma-Hazemba, Busisiwe Purity Ncama
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months offers protection from postnatal HIV infection but remains low in resource-poor settings. Documentation of experiences with exclusive breastfeeding is needed to strengthen infant feeding counselling by health care workers. OBJECTIVE: To explore HIV-positive mothers' experiences with exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of the infant's life. DESIGN: A health facility- and community-based exploratory qualitative study was conducted among 30 HIV-positive mothers practising exclusive breastfeeding and meeting the selection criteria...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914182/positive-feelings-during-pregnancy-early-feeding-practices-and-infant-health
#2
Melissa A McManus, Ali A Khalessi, Joyce Lin, Jahanzeb Ashraf, Stephanie M Reich
BACKGROUND: Early parenting practices, like infant feeding, can impact children's physical health. Additionally, negative prenatal maternal affect can influence feeding choices, like breastfeeding, and can have a detrimental effect on children's health. However, little is known about the contribution of positive maternal affect during pregnancy on feeding practices and children's health. METHOD: This study explored whether positive prenatal feelings influenced children's health during the first 18 months, and whether early feeding practices mediated the relationship between these two variables...
December 3, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913304/effects-of-nongenetic-factors-on-immune-cell-dynamics-in-early-childhood-the-generation-r-study
#3
Diana van den Heuvel, Michelle A E Jansen, Kazem Nasserinejad, Willem A Dik, Ellen G van Lochem, Liesbeth E Bakker-Jonges, Halima Bouallouch-Charif, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Herbert Hooijkaas, Jacques J M van Dongen, Henriëtte A Moll, Menno C van Zelm
BACKGROUND: . Numbers of blood leukocyte subsets are highly dynamic in childhood and differ greatly between individuals. Inter-individual variation is only partly accounted for by genetic factors. OBJECTIVE: Determine which nongenetic factors affect the dynamics of innate leukocytes, and naive and memory lymphocyte subsets. METHODS: . We performed six-color flow cytometry and linear mixed effect modeling to define the dynamics of 62 leukocyte subsets from birth to 6 years of age in 1,182 children with one to five measurements per individual...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906557/barriers-to-human-milk-feeding-at-discharge-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-maternal-goal-setting-as-a-key-social-factor
#4
Erin Fleurant, Michael Schoeny, Rebecca Hoban, Ifeyinwa V Asiodu, Brittany Riley, Paula P Meier, Harold Bigger, Aloka L Patel
BACKGROUND: While black mothers initiate human milk (HM) provision at lower rates than non-black mothers in the United States, some neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) report similar initiation rates regardless of race/ethnicity for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. However, racial disparity frequently becomes evident in the proportion of black infants who continue to receive HM feedings at NICU discharge. Since social factors have been associated with differences in HM provision for term infants, we sought to identify differences in social factors associated with HM feeding at discharge based on race/ethnicity...
December 1, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898591/tenofovir-exposure-in-utero-and-linear-growth-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-infants
#5
Stanzi M le Roux, Jennifer Jao, Kirsty Brittain, Tamsin K Phillips, Seun Olatunbosun, Agnes Ronan, Allison Zerbe, Elaine J Abrams, Landon Myer
OBJECTIVE: Tenofovir (TDF) affects bone health and is widely used in pregnancy but data are limited on the effects of TDF exposure in utero. We examined the association between duration of in-utero TDF exposure and linear growth in HIV-exposed, uninfected (HEU) infants. DESIGN: A prospective cohort of pregnant women initiating TDF-containing regimens at primary care services in Cape Town, South Africa, were enrolled and followed with their breastfeeding infants through 12 months postpartum...
January 2, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897979/breastmilk-production-in-the-first-4-weeks-after-birth-of-term-infants
#6
Jacqueline C Kent, Hazel Gardner, Donna T Geddes
Breastmilk provides the ideal nutrition for the infant, and exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months. Adequate milk production by the mother is therefore critical, and early milk production has been shown to significantly affect milk production during established lactation. Previous studies indicate that milk production should reach the lower limit of normal for established lactation (440 mL per day) by day 11 after birth. We have used test-weighing of term infants before and after each breastfeed over 24 h to measure milk production in the first 4 weeks of lactation in mothers with and without perceived breastfeeding problems to provide information on how often milk production is inadequate...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896919/duration-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-is-a-positive-predictor-of-iron-status-in-6-to-10-month-old-infants-in-rural-kenya
#7
Mary A Uyoga, Simon Karanja, Daniela Paganini, Colin I Cercamondi, Sophie A Zimmermann, Benjamin Ngugi, Penny Holding, Diego Moretti, Michael B Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is high in infants in Sub-Saharan Africa. Exclusive breastfeeding of infants to 6 months of age is recommended by the World Health Organization, but breast milk is low in iron. Some studies suggest exclusive breastfeeding, although beneficial for the infant, may increase risk for IDA in resource-limited settings. OBJECTIVE: To determine if duration of exclusive breastfeeding is associated with anemia and iron deficiency in rural Kenyan infants...
November 29, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896427/predictors-of-motor-developmental-milestones-during-the-first-year-of-life
#8
Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Erik Lykke Mortensen
: Studies suggest that both pre- and postnatal factors are predictors of age of attaining milestones in infancy. However, no studies evaluate the comparative strength of these predictors and the amount of the variance in development they explain. This study aimed to conduct a systematic evaluation of a broad selection of possible predictors of age at milestone attainment and to identify factors that explain significant inter-individual variance. Mothers of 5765 children of the Copenhagen Perinatal Cohort (1959-61) recorded 12 developmental milestones prospectively during the child's first year of life...
November 28, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889615/inactivation-of-zika-virus-in-human-breast-milk-by-prolonged-storage-or-pasteurization
#9
Stephanie Pfaender, Nathalie J Vielle, Nadine Ebert, Eike Steinmann, Marco P Alves, Volker Thiel
Zika virus infection during pregnancy poses a serious risk for pregnant women as it can cause severe birth defects. Even though the virus is mainly transmitted via mosquitos, human-to-human transmission has been described. Infectious viral particles have been detected in breast milk of infected women which raised concerns regarding the safety of breastfeeding in areas of Zika virus transmission or in case of a suspected or confirmed Zika virus infection. In this study, we show that Zika virus is effectively inactivated in human breast milk after prolonged storage or upon pasteurization of milk...
November 23, 2016: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883879/challenging-expected-patterns-of-weight-loss-in-full-term-breastfeeding-neonates-born-by-cesarean
#11
Diane Thulier
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean weight loss (MWL) of newborns and to examine the effect of weight loss > 7% on exclusive breastfeeding rates. DESIGN: A secondary analysis from a retrospective case-control study of maternal hydration and neonatal weight. SETTING: A Level III maternity hospital in the Northeast region of the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 286 women and their term breastfeeding newborns born by cesarean...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883236/long-term-reduction-in-food-allergy-susceptibility-in-mice-by-combining-breastfeeding-induced-tolerance-and-tgf-%C3%AE-enriched-formula-after-weaning
#12
Akila Rekima, Patricia Macchiaverni, Mathilde Turfkruyer, Sebastien Holvoet, Lénaïck Dupuis, Nour Baiz, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Annick Mercenier, Sophie Nutten, Valérie Verhasselt
BACKGROUND: Oral tolerance induction in early life is a promising approach for food allergy prevention. Its success requires the identification of factors necessary for its persistence. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess in mice duration of allergy prevention by breastfeeding-induced oral tolerance and whether oral TGF-β supplementation after weaning would prolong it. METHODS: We quantified ovalbumin (OVA) and OVA specific immunoglobulins levels by ELISA in milk from the EDEN birth cohort...
November 24, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882659/interventions-for-women-who-have-a-caesarean-birth-to-increase-uptake-and-duration-of-breastfeeding-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Sarah Beake, Debra Bick, Cath Narracott, Yan-Shing Chang
Rates of breastfeeding uptake are lower after a caesarean birth than vaginal birth, despite caesarean rates increasing globally over the past 30 years, and many high-income countries reporting overall caesarean rates of above 25%. A number of factors are likely to be associated with women's infant feeding decisions following a caesarean birth such as limited postoperative mobility, postoperative pain, and ongoing management of medical complications that may have triggered the need for a caesarean birth. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence of interventions on the initiation and duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding among women who had a planned or unplanned caesarean birth...
November 24, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879580/cohort-study-to-assess-the-impact-of-breast-implants-on-breastfeeding
#14
Sandra Filiciani, Guillermo F Siemienczuk, Juan M Nardín, Bárbara Cappio, Andrés C Albertengo, Guillermo Nozzi, Matías Caggioli
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of breast implant surgery and its approaches on lactation by comparing women with and without breast implants at the time of childbirth. METHODS: Between April of 2013 and July of 2014, in Rosario (Sanatorio de la Mujer and Centro Quirúrgico Rosario), Argentina, a prospective cohort study of women with and without breast implants was performed. Of a total of 3950 births that occurred during this period, 200 patients with similar anthropometric characteristics (maternal and newborn) were selected...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871269/institutionalizing-postpartum-intrauterine-device-iud-services-in-sri-lanka-tanzania-and-nepal-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-stepped-wedge-trial
#15
David Canning, Iqbal H Shah, Erin Pearson, Elina Pradhan, Mahesh Karra, Leigh Senderowicz, Till Bärnighausen, Donna Spiegelman, Ana Langer
BACKGROUND: During the year following the birth of a child, 40% of women are estimated to have an unmet need for contraception. The copper IUD provides safe, effective, convenient, and long-term contraceptive protection that does not interfere with breastfeeding during the postpartum period. Postpartum IUD (PPIUD) insertion should be performed by a trained provider in the early postpartum period to reduce expulsion rates and complications, but these services are not widely available. The International Federation of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (FIGO) will implement an intervention that aims to institutionalize PPIUD training as a regular part of the OB/GYN training program and to integrate it as part of the standard practice at the time of delivery in intervention hospitals...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870989/maternal-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-predict-delay-in-non-verbal-communication-in-14-month-old-infants
#16
Emiko Kawai, Shu Takagai, Nori Takei, Hiroaki Itoh, Naohiro Kanayama, Kenji J Tsuchiya
We investigated the potential relationship between maternal depressive symptoms during the postpartum period and non-verbal communication skills of infants at 14 months of age in a birth cohort study of 951 infants and assessed what factors may influence this association. Maternal depressive symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and non-verbal communication skills were measured using the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories, which include Early Gestures and Later Gestures domains...
November 18, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870813/acute-otitis-media-during-infancy-parent-reported-incidence-and-modifiable-risk-factors
#17
Annemarijn C Prins-van Ginkel, Patricia C J Bruijning-Verhagen, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Cornelis K van der Ent, Henriette A Smit, Marieke L A de Hoog
BACKGROUND: Age at exposure to acute otitis media (AOM) risk factors such as daycare attendance, lack of breastfeeding and tobacco smoke is little studied but important for targeting AOM prevention strategies. Moreover, studies are typically restricted to clinically diagnosed AOM, while a significant subset can occur outside the healthcare system, depending on the country-setting. This study aims to determine risk factor exposure and effect of its timing within the first year of life on parent-reported AOM symptom episodes...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869946/skin-to-skin-contact-at-birth-a-challenge-for-promoting-breastfeeding-in-a-baby-friendly-public-maternity-hospital-in-northeast-brazil
#18
Ádila Roberta Rocha Sampaio, Aylene Bousquat, Claudia Barros
OBJECTIVE: to identify prevalence of compliance with the fourth step of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative - to put the babies in skin-to-skin contact with their mothers immediately after birth for at least half an hour - in a public hospital in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional study using data from interviews with mothers who had recently given birth during a typical week in 2014. RESULTS: 107 mothers were interviewed; 9...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865429/maternal-education-is-associated-with-disparities-in-breastfeeding-at-time-of-discharge-but-not-at-initiation-of-enteral-feeding-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#19
Lena Carolin Herich, Marina Cuttini, Ileana Croci, Francesco Franco, Domenico Di Lallo, Dante Baronciani, Katia Fares, Giancarlo Gargano, Massimiliano Raponi, Jennifer Zeitlin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between maternal education and breastfeeding in very preterm infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, population-based cohort study analyzed the data of all very preterm infants admitted to neonatal care during 1 year in 3 regions in Italy (Lazio, Emilia-Romagna, and Marche). The use of mothers' own milk was recorded at initial enteral feedings and at hospital discharge. We used multilevel logistic analysis to model the association between maternal education and breastfeeding outcomes, adjusting for maternal age and country of birth...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863153/the-relationship-between-breast-milk-leptin-and-adiponectin-with-child-body-composition-from-3-to-5%C3%A2-years-a-follow-up-study
#20
D M Meyer, C Brei, L Stecher, D Much, S Brunner, H Hauner
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that breast milk contains bioactive components that influence metabolism in infancy and may play a role in the prevention of obesity in early childhood. In our initial study, 147 breastfeeding mother/child pairs were followed from birth to 2 years of age to examine the relationship between breast milk leptin and total adiponectin (collected at 6 weeks and 4 months postpartum) and infant body composition. Higher breast milk total adiponectin was related to greater fat mass and weight gain in children at 1 and 2 years of age, whereas leptin showed no association...
November 10, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
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