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Paolo Malvezzi, Thomas Jouve, Lionel Rostaing
In the setting of solid-organ transplantation, calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-based therapy remains the cornerstone of immunosuppression. However, long-term use of CNIs is associated with some degree of nephrotoxicity. This has led to exploring the blockade of some costimulation pathways as an efficient immunosuppressive tool instead of using CNIs. The only agent already in clinical use and approved by the health authorities for kidney transplant patients is belatacept (Nulojix), a fusion protein that interferes with cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4...
November 2016: Transplantation
Josep M GrinyĆ³, Oriol Bestard, Joan Torras, Josep M Cruzado
Prevention of chronic allograft dysfunction is currently one of the main goals in renal transplantation for the improvement of kidney graft survival. For this purpose, refinements in immunosuppressive regimens, both controlling alloimmune responses and avoiding calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-derived nephrotoxicity, are mandatory. The majority of trials aiming to avoid CNI-related nephrotoxicity have only reported short-term data, with different rates of acute rejection depending on the strategy performed. First attempts of CNI-free strategies in micophenolate mofetil-based regimens showed unsatisfactory results in terms of increased acute rejection events...
December 2010: Kidney International. Supplement
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