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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820866/-surgical-treatment-of-choledocholithiasis-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Jerson Francisco Morales-Rodríguez, Estefania Corina Cotillo, Oscar Moreno-Loaiza
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare condition, in which there is transposition of the thoraco-abdominal organs. This situation leads to diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in patients with acute surgical abdomen. The objective of this report is to present the case of a patient who presented with colonic pain in the epigastrium and left hypochondrium, in which the diagnosis of SIT, cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis was reached after the respective imaging studies. Once the diagnosis was made, treatment was performed through retrograde endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and subsequent surgical exploration of bile ducts...
July 26, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818352/longitudinal-sequential-biventricular-assessment-in-adults-with-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-and-relationship-with-adverse-outcomes
#2
M Riahi, A Claman, M Kiess, M Orgad, D Human, S Chakrabarti, J Leipsic, J Grewal
BACKGROUND: In a cohort of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (cc-TGA) and transposition of the great arteries after atrial switch procedure (d-TGA) the study objectives were: 1) to assess the change of quantitative systemic right ventricle (sRV) parameters over time and; 2) to examine the relationship of quantitative sRV parameters with adverse clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Single-center cohort study that included 49 (39%) cc-TGA and 76 (61%) d-TGA patients >18years who had at least one MUGA sRV assessment, 18/39 had more than one respectively...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815746/matthew-baillie-s-specimens-and-engravings
#3
Caitlin Spear, Maggie Reilly, Stuart W McDonald
In 1799, Matthew Baillie, William Hunter's nephew, published his famous atlas of pathology. It was entitled A Series of Engravings Accompanied with Explanations which are Intended to Illustrate the Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body. The present study aims to match the illustrations to extant specimens in the collections of William and John Hunter, preserved at the University of Glasgow and at the Royal College of Surgeons of England respectively. Baillie's book contains 10 fasciculi, consisting of 73 plates and 206 figures...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814978/evolutionary-history-of-the-mariner-element-galluhop-in-avian-genomes
#4
Natasha Avila Bertocchi, Fabiano Pimentel Torres, Analía Del Valle Garnero, Ricardo José Gunski, Gabriel Luz Wallau
BACKGROUND: Transposable elements (TEs) are highly abundant genomic parasites in eukaryote genomes. Although several genomes have been screened for TEs, so far very limited information is available regarding avian TEs and their evolutionary histories. Taking advantage of the rich genomic data available for birds, we characterized the evolutionary history of the galluhop element, originally described in Gallus gallus, through the use of several bioinformatic analyses. RESULTS: galluhop homologous sequences were found in 6 of 72 genomes analyzed: 5 species of Galliformes (Gallus gallus, Meleagris gallopavo, Coturnix japonica, Colinus virginianus, Lyrurus tetrix) and one Buceritiformes (Buceros rhinoceros)...
2017: Mobile DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814591/spleno-renal-artery-transposition-in-a-solitary-functioning-kidney-for-treatment-resistant-hypertension-and-acute-kidney-injury
#5
Subash Somalanka, Fiona E Harris, Eric Chemla, Rebecca Jo Suckling, Pauline A Swift
Renal Artery Stenosis (RAS) is an important cause of treatment-resistant hypertension. Uncontrolled hypertension with RAS can cause progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) leading to end-stage kidney disease. Therapeutic revascularisation can be helpful in appropriate circumstances where pharmaceutical intervention has failed and significant renovascular disease contributes to resistant hypertension. We present an interesting case of a Caucasian male with peripheral vasculopathy, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), single functioning kidney and ostial RAS caused by stent struts from an endovascular AAA stent graft...
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814590/congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-great-arteries
#6
Baskar Sekar, Heather Marsden, Mark N Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811374/recruitment-of-crispr-cas-systems-by-tn7-like-transposons
#7
Joseph E Peters, Kira S Makarova, Sergey Shmakov, Eugene V Koonin
A survey of bacterial and archaeal genomes shows that many Tn7-like transposons contain minimal type I-F CRISPR-Cas systems that consist of fused cas8f and cas5f, cas7f, and cas6f genes and a short CRISPR array. Several small groups of Tn7-like transposons encompass similarly truncated type I-B CRISPR-Cas. This minimal gene complement of the transposon-associated CRISPR-Cas systems implies that they are competent for pre-CRISPR RNA (precrRNA) processing yielding mature crRNAs and target binding but not target cleavage that is required for interference...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805774/-laparoscopic-assisted-harvesting-of-omental-flap-in-chest-wall-reconstruction-for-deep-sternal-wound-infection
#8
A A Pechetov, Yu S Esakov, M A Makov, D E Okonskaya, A V Basylyuk, T N Khlan
AIM: To present an experience of laparoscopic-assisted harvesting of omental flap in chest wall reconstruction for deep sternal wound infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was made a prospective analysis of 14 patients aged 39-85 years after laparoscopic-assisted harvesting of omental flap in chest wall reconstruction for the period December 2014 - November 2016. Men/women ratio was 10/4. All patients had deep sternal wound infection grade IV (Oakley-Wright classification)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803901/the-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-the-intraneural-or-extraneural-ganglion-cysts-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Wen Kai Chang, Yong Ping Li, Deng Feng Zhang, Bing Sheng Liang
Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common nerve compression syndrome in peripheral nerve compression disease. Although potential ulnar nerve entrapment can occur at multiple points along its course, such as the arcade of struthers, the medial intermuscular septum, the medial epicondyle, the cubital tunnel, and the deep flexor pronator aponeurosis, the most common site of entrapment is the cubital tunnel. However, cubital tunnel syndrome could also be caused by the occupying masses along the course of ulnar nerve, such as intraneural or extraneural ganglia...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802142/overexpression-of-ho-1-assisted-pm2-5-induced-apoptosis-failure-and-autophagy-related-cell-necrosis
#10
Wei Zhou, Xiaoyan Yuan, Li Zhang, Baoting Su, Dongdong Tian, Yang Li, Jun Zhao, Yimei Wang, Shuangqing Peng
Severe smog/haze events accompanied by extremely high concentrations of airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) have emerged frequently in China and the potential health risks have attracted ever-growing attention. During these episodes, a surge in hospital visits for acute respiratory symptoms and respiratory diseases exacerbation has been reported to be associated with acute exposure to high-levels of particulate matters. To investigate cell fate determination and the underlying pathogenic mechanisms during severe haze episodes or smog events, we exposed human lung epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) to PM2...
August 9, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800839/outcomes-of-intervention-for-cephalic-arch-stenosis-in-brachiocephalic-arteriovenous-fistulas
#11
Mark G Davies, Taylor D Hicks, George M Haidar, Hosam F El-Sayed
BACKGROUND: Development of recalcitrant stenotic lesions of the cephalic arch is a significant cause of dysfunction of brachiocephalic access arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). Endovascular and surgical therapy can be used to treat cephalic arch stenosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of endovascular and surgical interventions for cephalic arch stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients during a 16-year period with a compromised but not occluded brachiocephalic AVF due to cephalic arch stenosis was undertaken...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800133/adaptive-evolution-of-rhizobial-symbiotic-compatibility-mediated-by-co-evolved-insertion-sequences
#12
Ran Zhao, Li Xue Liu, Yun Zeng Zhang, Jian Jiao, Wen Jing Cui, Biliang Zhang, Xiao Lin Wang, Meng Lin Li, Yi Chen, Zhu Qing Xiong, Wen Xin Chen, Chang Fu Tian
Mutualism between bacteria and eukaryotes has essential roles in the history of life, but the evolution of their compatibility is poorly understood. Here we show that different Sinorhizobium strains can form either nitrogen-fixing nodules or uninfected pseudonodules on certain cultivated soybeans, while being all effective microsymbionts of some wild soybeans. However, a few well-infected nodules can be found on a commercial soybean using inocula containing a mixed pool of Tn5 insertion mutants derived from an incompatible strain...
August 11, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799873/-birdlime-technique-using-tachosil-tissue-sealing-sheet-soaked-with-fibrin-glue-for-sutureless-vessel-transposition-in-microvascular-decompression-operative-technique-and-nuances
#13
Naoki Otani, Terushige Toyooka, Kazuya Fujii, Kosuke Kumagai, Satoru Takeuchi, Arata Tomiyama, Yasuaki Nakao, Takuji Yamamoto, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori
OBJECTIVE Microvascular decompression (MVD) is effective for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. The transposition technique is the standard procedure to avoid adhesions and granuloma around the decompression site but is more complex and difficult to perform than the interposition technique. The authors describe a simple and safe MVD transposition procedure they call the "birdlime" technique, which uses a tissue glue-coated collagen sponge soaked with fibrin glue, and the results of this technique...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799786/p1220-ctxm-a-pkp048-related-incfiik-plasmid-carrying-bla-ctx-m-14-and-qnrb4
#14
Defu Zhang, Zhe Yin, Yuzong Zhao, Jiao Feng, Xiaoyuan Jiang, Zhe Zhan, Weili Wu, Weijun Chen, Jinglin Wang, Jianrong Li, Dongsheng Zhou
AIM: This study aimed to characterize plasmid-mediated antimicrobial resistance in clinical Klebsiella pneumoniae 1220 carrying bla CTX-M-14 and qnrB4. MATERIALS & METHODS: Plasmid p1220-CTXM was transformed from the 1220 isolate into Escherichia coli through conjugal transfer and then fully sequenced. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by VITEK. RESULTS: p1220-CTXM was an IncFIIK plasmid genetically closely related to pKP048 and carried resistance markers including bla CTX-M-14, bla DHA-1, qnrB4, sul1 and qacEΔ1, all of which were harbored in a 35...
August 11, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799279/oesophageal-replacement-with-stomach-a-personal-series-and-review-of-published-experience
#15
Karim Awad, Bruce Jaffray
AIM: To describe the outcomes of oesophageal replacement using stomach in children. METHODS: All children undergoing oesophageal replacement in a regional centre were prospectively recorded in a customised database and subjected to continual follow up. Complications within 30 days were classified as early, and all other complications were classified as late. Outcomes were related to a comprehensive analysis of published experience where studies were classified as having long-term follow up if the median duration exceeded 5 years...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794089/bilateral-medial-rectus-aplasia-and-a-modified-surgical-approach-of-transposition-myopexy-of-vertical-recti
#16
Pradeep Sharma, Shweta Chaurasia, Abhijit Rasal
A 16-year-old girl presented with left eye large-angle exotropia. On examination, we found bilateral limitation of adduction. CT orbit showed hypoplastic medial rectus bilaterally, but intraoperatively we found absent medial recti on both sides. This case report explains discrepancy between the imaging and the intraoperative findings and discusses the management dilemma in view of the risk of anterior segment ischaemia and how marked exodeviation and adduction limitation was tackled by the new technique of transposition myopexy, a modification of the procedure described by Nishida along with recession of lateral rectus to achieve good alignment...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792618/long-term-outcome-of-dogs-treated-with-ulnar-rollover-transposition-for-limb-sparing-of-distal-radial-osteosarcoma-27-limbs-in-26-dogs
#17
Bernard Séguin, Matthew D O'Donnell, Peter J Walsh, Laura E Selmic
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcomes in dogs with distal radial osteosarcoma treated with ulnar rollover transposition (URT) limb-sparing surgery including: viability of the ulnar graft, complications, subjective limb function, disease-free interval (DFI), and survival time (ST). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-six client-owned dogs with distal radial osteosarcoma and no involvement of the ulna. METHODS: Data of dogs treated with URT were collected at the time of surgery and retrospectively from medical records and by contacting owners and referring veterinarians...
August 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782270/a-concise-synthesis-of-forskolin
#18
Ondřej Hylse, Lukáš Maier, Roman Kučera, Tomáš Perečko, Aneta Svobodová, Lukáš Kubala, Kamil Paruch, Jakub Svenda
We report a 24-step synthesis of ()-forskolin, which delivered hundred-milligram quantities of this complex diterpene in one pass. Transformations key to our approach include: (a) a strategic allylic transposition, (b) stepwise assembly of a sterically encumbered isoxazole ring, and (c) citric acid-modified Upjohn dihydroxylation of a resilient tetrasubstituted olefin. We demonstrate that the developed route has an exciting potential for the preparation of new forskolin analogs inaccessible by semisynthesis...
August 6, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781845/the-association-of-a-lip-commissure-to-eyelid-transposition-flap-with-a-frontal-transposition-flap-for-reconstructive-eyelid-surgery-following-squamous-cell-carcinoma-resection-in-a-european-short-haired-cat
#19
Anne-Sophie Poinsard, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent, Pierre-François Isard, Olivier Balland
The surgical resection of a squamous cell carcinoma in a cat was performed on both the palpebral and nasal aspects of the OD medial canthus. A two-stage surgical technique was employed, involving two different transposition flaps, taking care to maintain eyelid function and estheticism, with a long follow-up.
August 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780562/rationale-and-design-of-a-multicentre-prospective-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-the-adipose-graft-transposition-procedure-in-patients-with-a-myocardial-scar-the-agtp-ii-trial
#20
Paloma Gastelurrutia, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Maria Luisa Cámara, Juan Bustamante-Munguira, Pablo García-Pavia, Pablo Avanzas, J Alberto San Román, Domingo Pascual-Figal, Eduardo de Teresa, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Nicolás Manito, Julio Núñez, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Ángel Caballero, Albert Teis, Josep Lupón, Ramón Brugada, Carlos Martín, Jacobo Silva, Ana Revilla-Orodea, Sergio J Cánovas, Jose M Melero, Jose J Cuenca-Castillo, Angel Gonzalez-Pinto, Antoni Bayes-Genis
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac adipose tissue is a source of progenitor cells with regenerative capacity. Studies in rodents demonstrated that the intramyocardial delivery of cells derived from this tissue improves cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). We developed a new reparative approach for damaged myocardium that integrates the regenerative properties of cardiac adipose tissue with tissue engineering. In the adipose graft transposition procedure (AGTP), we dissect a vascularised flap of autologous pericardial adipose tissue and position it over the myocardial scarred area...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
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