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pantothenic acid

Mie Rostved Rasmussen, Kirstine Lykke Nielsen, Mia Roest Laursen, Camilla Bak Nielsen, Pia Svendsen, Henrik Dimke, Erik Ilsø Christensen, Mogens Johannsen, Søren Kragh Moestrup
Loss-of-function mutations in the transmembrane ABCC6 transport protein cause pseudoxanthoma elasticum - an ectopic, metabolic mineralization disorder affecting the skin, eye and vessels. ABCC6 is assumed to mediate efflux of one or several small molecule compounds from the liver cytosol to the circulation. Untargeted metabolomics using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry was employed to inspect liver cytosolic extracts from mice with targeted disruption of the Abcc6 gene. Absence of the ABCC6 protein induced an altered profile of metabolites in the liver causing accumulation of compounds as more features were upregulated than downregulated in ABCC6-deficient mice...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Ji-Sang Kim
This study investigated the phenolic, flavonoid, and vitamin constituents in the main root, root hair, and leaf of ginseng. The total individual phenolic and flavonoid contents were the highest in the leaf, followed by the main root and root hair. Ferulic acid and m-coumaric acid were found to be the major phenolics in the main root and root hair, while p-coumaric acid and m-coumaric acid were the major phenolics in the leaf. Catechin was the major flavonoid component in the main root and root hair, while catechin and kaempferol were the major flavonoid components in the leaf...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Xiao Wei, Shan Jiang, Yuye Chen, Xiangna Zhao, Huan Li, Weishi Lin, Boxing Li, Xuesong Wang, Jing Yuan, Yansong Sun
BACKGROUND: Intestinal microbiota operated as a whole and was closely related with human health. Previous studies had suggested close relationship between liver cirrhosis (LC) and gut microbiota. METHODS: To determine the functional characteristic of the intestinal microbiota specific for liver cirrhosis, the fecal metaproteome of three LC patients with Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score of A, B, and C, and their spouse were first compared using high-throughput approach based on denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in our study...
October 4, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Nadja Arens, Andreas Backhaus, Stefanie Döll, Sandra Fischer, Udo Seiffert, Hans-Peter Mock
Cercospora beticola is an economically significant fungal pathogen of sugar beet, and is the causative pathogen of Cercospora leaf spot. Selected host genotypes with contrasting degree of susceptibility to the disease have been exploited to characterize the patterns of metabolite responses to fungal infection, and to devise a pre-symptomatic, non-invasive method of detecting the presence of the pathogen. Sugar beet genotypes were analyzed for metabolite profiles and hyperspectral signatures. Correlation of data matrices from both approaches facilitated identification of candidates for metabolic markers...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Gro-Ingunn Hemre, Erik-Jan Lock, Pål Asgeir Olsvik, Kristin Hamre, Marit Espe, Bente Elisabeth Torstensen, Joana Silva, Ann-Cecilie Hansen, Rune Waagbø, Johan S Johansen, Monica Sanden, Nini H Sissener
Aiming to re-evaluate current recommendations for nutrient supplementations when Atlantic salmon are fed diets based on plant ingredients, two regression experiments, with parr and post-smolt, were conducted. A control diet was included to evaluate if ingredients supplied sufficient nutrients without any added nutrient package (NP). The nutrient package consisted of vitamins B, C, E, minerals, cholesterol, methionine, taurine and histidine. This paper focus on B-vitamins. In parr, growth, health and welfare parameters responded on NP additions, but this was not observed in the seawater stage...
2016: PeerJ
Shi-An Yin, Zhen-Yu Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Understanding human milk composition is critical for setting nutrient recommended intakes (RNIs) for both infants and lactating women. However, nationwide human milk composition remains unavailable in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Through cross-sectional study, human milk samples from 11 provinces in China were collected and their compositions were analyzed. Nutritional and health status of the lactating women and their infants were evaluated through questionnaire, physical examination and biochemical indicators...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
R Karlíková, J Široká, P Jahn, D Friedecký, A Gardlo, H Janečková, F Hrdinová, Z Drábková, T Adam
Atypical myopathy (AM) is a potentially fatal disease of grazing horses. It is reportedly caused by the ingestion of sycamore seeds containing toxic hypoglycin A. In order to study metabolic changes, serum and urine samples from nine horses with atypical myopathy and 12 control samples from clinically healthy horses were collected and then analysed using a high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry; serum metabolic profiles as the disease progressed were also studied. Metabolic data were evaluated using unsupervised and supervised multivariate analyses...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
Niloufar Kavian, Souad Mehlal, Wioleta Marut, Amélie Servettaz, Caroline Giessner, Christophe Bourges, Carole Nicco, Christiane Chéreau, Hervé Lemaréchal, Marie-Flore Dutilh, Olivier Cerles, Philippe Guilpain, Vincent Vuiblet, Sandrine Chouzenoux, Franck Galland, Isabelle Quere, Bernard Weill, Philippe Naquet, Frédéric Batteux
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and visceral organs and vascular alterations. SSc pathophysiology involves systemic inflammation and oxidative stress. Because the vanin-1 gene (vnn1) encodes an enzyme with pantetheinase activity that converts vasculoprotective pantethine into profibrotic pantothenic acid and pro-oxidant cystamine, we tested this pathway in the pathophysiology of SSc. Activation of the vanin-1/pantetheinase pathway was investigated in wild-type BALB/c mice with hypochlorous acid (HOCl)-induced SSc by ELISA and Western blotting...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Robert J Hart, Emmanuel Cornillot, Amanah Abraham, Emily Molina, Catherine S Nation, Choukri Ben Mamoun, Ahmed S I Aly
The metabolic machinery for the biosynthesis of Coenzyme A (CoA) from exogenous pantothenic acid (Vitamin B5) has long been considered as an excellent target for the development of selective antimicrobials. Earlier studies in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum have shown that pantothenate analogs interfere with pantothenate phosphorylation and block asexual blood stage development. Although two eukaryotic-type putative pantothenate kinase genes (PanK1 and PanK2) have been identified in all malaria parasite species, their role in the development of Plasmodium life cycle stages remains unknown...
2016: Scientific Reports
Bartlomiej Kalaska, Michal Ciborowski, Tomasz Domaniewski, Urszula Czyzewska, Joanna Godzien, Wojciech Miltyk, Adam Kretowski, Dariusz Pawlak
Quinolinic acid (QUIN), one of the end metabolites in the kynurenine pathway, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of several diseases. Serum QUIN concentration rises in patients with renal dysfunction, liver cirrhosis, and many other inflammatory diseases. In the present study, osmotic minipumps containing QUIN (0.3 and 1mg/day) were implanted intraperitoneally into rats for 28days. Then, the physiological and toxicological variables were evaluated and LC-QTOF-MS serum metabolic fingerprinting was performed...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Sergio Polakof, Didier Rémond, Annick Bernalier-Donadille, Mathieu Rambeau, Estelle Pujos-Guillot, Blandine Comte, Dominique Dardevet, Isabelle Savary-Auzeloux
PURPOSE: In the present study, we aimed to metabolically characterize the postprandial adaptations of the major tissues involved in energy, lipids and amino acids metabolisms in mini-pigs. METHOD: Mini-pigs were fed on high-fat-high-sucrose (HFHS) diet for 2 months and several tissues explored for metabolic analyses. Further, the urine metabolome was followed over the time to picture the metabolic adaptations occurring at the whole body level following overfeeding...
August 27, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Amey Shirolkar, Bhawana Sharma, Suman Lata, Rajesh Dabur
Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi Sawras) though has been clearly demonstrated in literature for its hypolipidemic and anti-alcoholism properties but its anti-hyperlipidemia mechanistic approach is still missing. Moreover, its direct implication with alcohol induced hyperlipidemia has also not been reported till date. In order to explore the answers of these questions, phytochemicals of Tinospora cordifolia water extract "Guduchi Sawras" (GS) was analyzed using HPLC-Q-TOF-MS. On the basis of relative peak volumes 110 compounds were selected and identified in GS...
August 24, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
José I Serrano-Contreras, Isabel García-Pérez, María E Meléndez-Camargo, L Gerardo Zepeda
Starvation is a postabsorptive condition derived from a limitation on food resources by external factors. Energy homeostasis is maintained under this condition by using sources other than glucose via adaptive mechanisms. After refeeding, when food is available, other adaptive processes are linked to energy balance. However, less has been reported about the physiological mechanisms present as a result of these conditions, considering the rat as a supraorganism. Metabolic profiling using (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to characterize the physiological metabolic differences in urine specimens collected under starved, refed, and recovered conditions...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
S C Gominak
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D blood levels of 60-80ng/ml promote normal sleep. The present study was undertaken to explore why this beneficial effect waned after 2years as arthritic pain increased. Pantothenic acid becomes coenzyme A, a cofactor necessary for cortisol and acetylcholine production. 1950s experiments suggested a connection between pantothenic acid deficiency, autoimmune arthritis and insomnia. The B vitamins have been shown to have an intestinal bacterial source and a food source, suggesting that the normal intestinal microbiome may have always been the primary source of B vitamins...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
Nicholas A Cellar, Sean C McClure, Louis M Salvati, Todime M Reddy
An improved method was developed for simultaneous determination of the fortified forms of thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), nicotinamide and nicotinic acid (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), and folic acid (B9) in infant formulas and related nutritionals. The method employed a simple, effective, and rapid sample preparation followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). It improved upon previous methodologies by offering facile and rugged sample preparation with improved chromatographic conditions, which culminated in a highly accurate and precise method for water-soluble vitamin determination in a wide range of formulas...
August 31, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
D R Monteverde, L Gómez-Consarnau, C Suffridge, S A Sañudo-Wilhelmy
Coenzymes are essential across all domains of life. B vitamins (B1 -thiamin, B2 -riboflavin, B3 -niacin, B5 -pantothenate, B6 -pyridoxine, B7 -biotin, and B12 -cobalamin) represent the largest class of coenzymes, which participate in a diverse set of reactions including C1 -rearrangements, DNA repair, electron transfer, and fatty acid synthesis. B vitamin structures range from simple to complex heterocycles, yet, despite this complexity, multiple lines of evidence exist for their ancient origins including abiotic synthesis under putative early Earth conditions and/or meteorite transport...
July 31, 2016: Geobiology
Hee-Jung Sim, Byungjoo Kim, Joonhee Lee
This paper describes a practical approach using an LC diode-array detector (DAD) and MS for the quantitation of B-group vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinamide, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, biotin, folic acid, and cyanocobalamin) in multivitamin supplements. The purpose of this study was to optimize the extraction and chromatographic conditions without application of internal standards to determine B-group vitamins in multivitamins. Chromatographic separation on a C18 column was optimized on the basis of chromatographic behavior depending on pH variation of the mobile phase...
September 2016: Journal of AOAC International
Cristina Masuet-Aumatell, Josep Maria Ramon-Torrell, Marta Banqué-Navarro, María Del Rosario Dávalos-Gamboa, Sandra Lucía Montaño-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adequacy of energy and nutritional intakes compared to recommended daily intakes (RDIs) in schoolchildren from the Cochabamba region (Bolivia) and to determine micronutrient intake distributions across different ages and genders. METHODS: This nutritional study (n = 315) was part of a larger population-based crosssectional study (the "Bolkid" survey) that collected data on schoolchildren 5-16 years old in 2010 in the Cochabamba region. Information about food intake was gathered with a semiquan-titative, food-frequency, parent-administered questionnaire about l2 months before the study...
December 2015: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Roxana Torres, Augusto Elias, Milagros C Rosal, Cristina Palacios
BACKGROUND: Micronutrients are critical for healthy growth and development of children. Micro-nutrient intake from dietary sources is inadequate among some children and may be improved by use of multivitamin and multimineral (MVMM) supplements. OBJECTIVE: To assess micronutrient intake from dietary and MVMM supplement sources among 12-year-old children in Puerto Rico. METHODS: A representative sample of 732 children enrolled in an oral health study in Puerto Rico, who completed dietary and MVMM assessments through one 24-h recall, were included in this analysis...
July 20, 2016: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
Kaori Endoh, Kiyonori Kuriki, Nobuhiko Kasezawa, Kazushige Tohyama, Toshinao Goda
BACKGROUND: Modifying lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise can reduce the risk of cancer. Psychological stress (PS) might be indirectly associated with cancer because it alters lifestyle factors. However, the relationship among these variables has not been fully investigated. Thus, we examined interactions between self-reported PS (SRPS) and habitual exercise on diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 5,587 men and 2,718 women were divided into "exerciser" and "non-exerciser" groups, based on whether they exercised regularly, and classified into three SRPS levels: low, moderate and high...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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