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Whole body vibration exercise

Ditte Beck Jepsen, Jesper Ryg, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Stinus Hansen, Tahir Masud
BACKGROUND: PaVOS is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) which aims to address the use of whole-body vibration exercise (WBV) in combination with parathyroid hormone 1-34 fragment teriparatide (PTH 1-34) treatment in patients with osteoporosis. PTH 1-34 is an effective but expensive anabolic treatment for osteoporosis. WBV has been found to stimulate muscle and bone growth. Animal studies have shown a beneficial effect on bone when combining PTH 1-34 with mechanical loading. A combined treatment with PTH 1-34 and WBV may potentially have beneficial effects on bone and muscles, and reduce fracture risk...
March 16, 2018: Trials
V G C Ribeiro, V A Mendonça, A L C Souza, S F Fonseca, A C R Camargos, V K S Lage, C D C Neves, J M Santos, L A C Teixeira, E L M Vieira, A L Teixeira Junior, B Mezêncio, J S C Fernandes, H R Leite, J R Poortmans, A C R Lacerda
The aims of this study were 1) to characterize the intensity of the vibration stimulation in women diagnosed with fibromyalgia (FM) compared to a control group of healthy women (HW) matched by age and anthropometric parameters, and 2) to investigate the effect of a single session of whole body vibration (WBV) on inflammatory responses. Levels of adipokines, soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (sTNFr1, sTNFr2), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Chih-Chin Lai, Yu-Kang Tu, Tyng-Guey Wang, Yi-Ting Huang, Kuo-Liong Chien
Background: A variety of different types of exercise are promoted to improve muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Objective: We aimed to determine the relative effects of resistance training, endurance training and whole-body vibration on lean body mass, muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Design: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. Subjects: Adults aged 60 and over...
February 17, 2018: Age and Ageing
Laís Campos de Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is a common condition in postmenopausal women that can be managed with impact activities. Among the activities studied are the whole-body vibration (WBV) and muscle-strengthening exercises. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of WBV versus Pilates exercise on BMD in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In this study, 51 postmenopausal women were randomized into 3 groups: vibration (n = 17), Pilates (n = 17), and control (n = 17)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Chiara Milanese, Valentina Cavedon, Marco Sandri, Enrico Tam, Francesco Piscitelli, Federico Boschi, Carlo Zancanaro
The ability of whole body vibration (WBV) to increase energy expenditure (EE) has been investigated to some extent in the past using short-term single exercises or sets of single exercises. However, the current practice in WBV training for fitness is based on the execution of multiple exercises during a WBV training session for a period of at least 20 min; nevertheless, very limited and inconsistent data are available on EE during long term WBV training session. This crossover study was designed to demonstrate, in an adequately powered sample of participants, the ability of WBV to increase the metabolic cost of exercise vs...
2018: PloS One
M B Saquetto, F F Pereira, R S Queiroz, C M da Silva, C S Conceição, M Gomes Neto
The aim of this study is to verify the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on the muscle strength of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane, SciELO, Lilacs and PUBMED databases and included manual searches to identify randomised controlled trials to investigate the effects of WBV on the structure and body function of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Two reviewers independently selected the studies and performed statistical analysis. In total, five studies with 171 patients that compared WBV with exercise and/or control were included...
January 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Fiona Streckmann, Maryam Balke, Helmar C Lehmann, Vanessa Rustler, Christina Koliamitra, Thomas Elter, Michael Hallek, Michael Leitzmann, Tilman Steinmetz, Petra Heinen, Freerk T Baumann, Wilhelm Bloch
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common and clinically relevant side effect of chemotherapy. Approximately 50% of all leukemia, lymphoma, colorectal- and breast cancer patients are affected. CIPN is induced by neurotoxic chemotherapeutic agents and can manifest with sensory and/or motor deficits. It is associated with significant disability and poor recovery. Common symptoms include pain, altered sensation, reduced or absent reflexes, muscle weakness, reduced balance control and insecure gait...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cancer
Ditte Beck Jepsen, Katja Thomsen, Stinus Hansen, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Tahir Masud, Jesper Ryg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of whole-body vibration exercise (WBV) on fracture risk in adults ≥50 years of age. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis calculating relative risk ratios, fall rate ratio and absolute weighted mean difference using random effects models. Heterogeneity was estimated using I2 statistics, and the Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool and the GRADE approach were used to evaluate quality of evidence and summarise conclusions...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Danielle Soares Morel, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Éric Heleno Freire Ferreira Frederico, Pedro Jesus Marín, Sofia Tamini, Alessandro Sartorio, Mario Bernardo-Filho
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been recognized as an effective alternative exercise modality to resistance exercise for its ability in enhancing force and power, generating capacity in skeletal muscle, increasing bone mass and improving cardiovascular function. Since the effect of WBV exercises on growth hormone (GH) levels has been never compared and discussed, the aim of this study was to review systematically the literature to verify the WBV effects on GH concentration. By using PubMed, Scopus and PEDRo databases with the keywords 'growth hormone' or GH and 'whole body vibration' or WBV, we found and analysed 12 papers (182 subjects recruited), verifying their level of evidence (National Health and Medical Research Council hierarchy of evidence) and the methodological quality (PEDRo scale)...
October 2017: Growth Factors
Arthur Doyle, Karen Chalmers, David J Chinn, Fiona McNeill, Nicola Dall, Christopher H Grant
Background: Exercise improves physical capacity in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD), but few patients engage in it. Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) is a novel protocol that has been shown to benefit frail elderly patients' rehabilitation. We assessed the utility of WBVE before HD sessions and tested methods to inform the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods: Physical condition and quality of life were assessed at enrolment and repeated 2 weeks later in a pilot study of 49 patients undergoing regular HD...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
L Seefried, F Genest, N Luksche, M Schneider, G Fazeli, M Brandl, U Bahner, A A Heidland
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess safety and effectiveness of Whole Body Vibration exercise (WBV) to improve physical performance and parameters of inflammation in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). METHODS: Prospective, open-label trial in n=14 patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Participants performed WBV twice weekly for 12 weeks before (n=8) or after (n=6) hemodialysis sessions. The primary endpoint was physical performance assessed by the Short-Physical-Performance-Battery (SPPB)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
S Langensiepen, C Stark, R Sobottke, O Semler, J Franklin, M Schraeder, J Siewe, P Eysel, E Schoenau
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of scoliosis specific exercises (SSE) on a side-alternating whole body vibration platform (sWBV) as a home-training program in girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: 40 female AIS patients (10-17 years) wearing a brace were randomly assigned to two groups. The intervention was a six months, home-based, SSE program on a sWBV platform five times per week. Exercises included standing, sitting and kneeling...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Carla Fontoura Dionello, Patrícia Lopes de Souza, Danubia Sá-Caputo, Danielle Soares Morel, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Eric Heleno Freire Ferreira Frederico, Eliane Guedes-Aguiar, Patricia de Castro Paiva, Redha Taiar, Xavier Chiementin, Pedro J Marín, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: The use of surface electromyography (sEMG) to evaluate muscle activation when executing whole body vibration exercises (WBVE) in studies provide neuromuscular findings, in healthy and diseased populations. OBJECTIVES: Perform a systematic review of the effects of WBVE by sEMG of lower limbs in non-healthy populations. METHODS: The search using the defined keywords was performed in PubMed, PEDRo and EMBASE databases by three independent researchers...
2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Christopher J Gaffney, Elena Fomina, Dennis Babich, Vladimir Kitov, Konstantin Uskov, David A Green
BACKGROUND: Isolation and long duration spaceflight are associated with musculoskeletal deconditioning. Mars500 was a unique, high-fidelity analogue of the psychological challenges of a 520-day manned mission to Mars. We aimed to explore the effect of musculoskeletal deconditioning on three outcome measures: (1) if lower limb muscle strength was reduced during the 520-day isolation; (2) if type I or II muscle fibres were differentially affected; and (3) whether any 70-day exercise interventions prevented any isolation-induced loss of strength...
November 13, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
Heidrun Lioba Wunram, Stefanie Hamacher, Martin Hellmich, Maxi Volk, Franziska Jänicke, Franziska Reinhard, Wilhelm Bloch, Philipp Zimmer, Christine Graf, Eckhard Schönau, Gerd Lehmkuhl, Stephan Bender, Oliver Fricke
There is growing evidence for the effectiveness of exercise in the treatment of adult major depression. With regard to adolescents, clinical trials are scarce. Due to the inherent symptoms of depression (lack of energy, low motivation to exercise), endurance training forms could be too demanding especially in the first weeks of treatment. We hypothesized that an easy-to-perform passive muscular training on a whole body vibration (WBV) device has equal anti-depressive effects compared to a cardiovascular training, both administered as add-ons to treatment as usual (TAU)...
November 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Maryam Goudarzian, Samira Ghavi, Ardalan Shariat, Hossein Shirvani, Mostafa Rahimi
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) exercise, mental training (MT), and the concurrent effect of WBV and MT on lower body balance, neuromuscular performance, and leg muscle strength in elderly men. In a randomized control trial study with parallel group design, 42 older men (mean±standard deviation age, 68±5.78 years) were randomly divided into four groups: WBV (n=11), MT (n=12), WBV+MT (n=10), and control (n=9) groups. The protocol of training consisted of three sessions per week for 8 weeks and about 30 min for each session...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Lachlan B McMillan, Ayse Zengin, Peter R Ebeling, David Scott
Osteoporosis is an age-related disease, characterised by low bone mineral density (BMD) and compromised bone geometry and microarchitecture, leading to reduced bone strength. Physical activity (PA) has potential as a therapy for osteoporosis, yet different modalities of PA have varying influences on bone health. This review explores current evidence for the benefits of PA, and targeted exercise regimes for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in older adults. In particular, the outcomes of interventions involving resistance training, low- and high-impact weight bearing activities, and whole-body vibration therapy are discussed...
November 6, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Deniz Simsek
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of static whole-body vibration (WBV) on the Electromyograhic (EMG) responses of leg muscles, which are fatigue-resistant in different manner. The study population was divided into two groups according to the values obtained by the Fatigue Index [Group I: Less Fatigue Resistant (LFR), n=11; Group II: More Fatigue Resistant (MFR), n=11]. The repeated electromyographic (EMG) activities of four leg muscles were analyzed the following determinants: (1) frequency (30 Hz, 35 Hz and 40 Hz); (2) stance position (static squat position); (3) amplitude (2 mm and 4 mm) and (4) knee flexion angle (120°), (5) vertical vibration platform...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Wonjae Choi, Donghun Han, Junesun Kim, Seungwon Lee
BACKGROUND Stroke is characterized by an asymmetrical gait pattern that causes poor stability and reduces overall activity levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration combined with treadmill training (WBV-TT) on walking performance in patients with chronic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty ambulatory chronic stroke patients were randomly allocated to the WBV-TT group or the treadmill training (TT) group. The participants in the WBV-TT group performed 6 types of exercises on a vibrating platform for 4...
October 14, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Freddy Mh Lam, Philip Fl Chan, L R Liao, Jean Woo, Elsie Hui, Charles Wk Lai, Timothy Cy Kwok, Marco Yc Pang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a comprehensive exercise program was effective in improving physical function among institutionalized older adults and whether adding whole-body vibration to the program conferred additional therapeutic benefits. DESIGN: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted. SETTING: This study was carried out in residential care units. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 73 older adults (40 women, mean age: 82...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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