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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954163/use-of-the-coding-causes-of-death-in-hiv-in-the-classification-of-deaths-in-northeastern-brazil
#1
Diana Neves Alves, Cristiane Campello Bresani-Salvi, Joanna d'Arc Lyra Batista, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Heloísa Ramos Lacerda de Melo, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: Describe the coding process of death causes for people living with HIV/AIDS, and classify deaths as related or unrelated to immunodeficiency by applying the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) system. METHODS: A cross-sectional study that codifies and classifies the causes of deaths occurring in a cohort of 2,372 people living with HIV/AIDS, monitored between 2007 and 2012, in two specialized HIV care services in Pernambuco. The causes of death already codified according to the International Classification of Diseases were recoded and classified as deaths related and unrelated to immunodeficiency by the CoDe system...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832746/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-and-without-heart-failure-in-primary-care
#2
Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Diana Maria Martinez Ceron, Leonardo Chaves Ferreira Coelho, William Shinji Nobre Soussume, Hye Chung Kang, Samuel Datum Moscavitch, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a major public health issue with implications on health-related quality of life (HRQL). OBJECTIVE: To compare HRQL, estimated by the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), in patients with and without HF in the community. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 633 consecutive individuals aged 45 years or older, registered in primary care. The subjects were selected from a random sample representative of the population studied...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763080/-leadership-and-cetremi
#3
José Luis Sandoval-Gutiérrez
Según la Real Academia Española, el término «líder» significa «persona que dirige u orienta a un grupo, que reconoce su autoridad». Es importante este término ya que es muy ambiguo, porque no reconoce el nivel moral o la empatía que puede ejercer una persona en determinado grupo al reconocerlo como líder, y no solo con la autoridad que este puede ejercer en el mismo, siendo este último concepto algo muy común en el mundo anglosajón, denominándose líder a alguien que tiene un puesto de autoridad, lo cual se puede confundir con lo que conocemos como «jefe»...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746530/hearing-thresholds-in-patients-with-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-baseline-audiogram-configurations-and-associations
#4
Olusola Ayodele Sogebi, Muse Olatunbosun Fadeyi, Bolanle Olufunlola Adefuye, Festus Olukayode Soyinka
Objective: To use baseline audiogram parameters in order to ascertain whether drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) has effects on hearing, as well as to describe the configurations of the audiograms and to determine whether there are parameters that can be associated with those configurations. Methods: This was a prospective study involving patients diagnosed with DR-TB at a tuberculosis treatment center in the state of Ogun, in Nigeria. The patients included in the study were submitted to pure tone audiometry at baseline (within two weeks after treatment initiation)...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699998/culture-bound-syndromes-in-migratory-contexts-the-case-of-bolivian-immigrants
#5
María Teresa Roldán-Chicano, José Fernández-Rufete, César Hueso-Montoro, María Del Mar García-López, Javier Rodríguez-Tello, María Dolores Flores-Bienert
Objective: to describe the culture-bound syndromes maintained by Bolivian immigrants in the new migratory context and analyze the care processes of these health problems. Method: qualitative research with an ethnographic methodological approach. Sample: 27 Bolivian immigrants. In-depth interviews and participatory observation were the strategies used for data collection. Data were classified and categorized into logical schemes manually and using the ATLAS-ti program v...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694030/antimicrobial-peptide-gold-nanoscale-therapeutic-formulation-with-high-skin-regenerative-potential
#6
Michela Comune, Akhilesh Rai, Kiran K Chereddy, Sandra Pinto, Sezin Aday, André F Ferreira, Alessandra Zonari, Josephine Blersch, Rodrigo Cunha, Ricardo Rodrigues, Juan Lerma, Pedro N Simões, Veronique Préat, Lino Ferreira
Chronic skin wounds affect ≈3% of persons aged >60years (Davies et al., 2007) [1]. These wounds are typically difficult to heal by conventional therapies and in many cases they get infected making even harder the regeneration process. The antimicrobial peptide (AMP) LL37 combines antimicrobial with pro-regenerative properties and thus represents a promising topical therapy to address both problems. Here, we investigated the wound healing potential of soluble and immobilized LL37 (LL37-conjugated gold nanoparticles, LL37-Au NPs), both in vitro (migration of keratinocytes) and in vivo (skin wound healing)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693021/sobre-la-terapia-g%C3%A3-nica-para-enfermedades-de-la-retina
#7
M Dominik Fischer
Las mutaciones en un gran número de genes provocan degeneración de la retina y ceguera sin que exista actualmente cura alguna. En las últimas décadas, la terapia génica para enfermedades de la retina ha evolucionado y se ha convertido en un nuevo y prometedor paradigma terapéutico para estas enfermedades poco comunes. Este artículo refleja las ideas y los conceptos que parten de la ciencia básica hacia la aplicabilidad de la terapia génica en el ámbito clínico. Se describen los avances y las reflexiones actuales sobre la eficacia de los ensayos clínicos en la actualidad y se discuten los posibles obstáculos y soluciones de cara al futuro de la terapia génica para enfermedades de la retina...
July 11, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686571/application-of-omics-approaches-to-studying-methylotrophs-and-methylotroph-comunities
#8
Ludmila Chistoserdova
This review covers some recent advances in application of omics technologies to studying methylotrophs, with special reference to their activities in natural environments. Some of the developments highlighted in this review are the new outlook at the role of the XoxF-type, lanthanum-dependent methanol dehydrogenase in natural habitats, new mechanistic details of methane oxidation through the reverse methanogenesis pathway, propensity of 'aerobic' methanotrophs to thrive in hypoxic environments and potential connection of this process to denitrification, and a novel outlook at methane oxidation as a community function...
July 6, 2017: Current Issues in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668963/metformin-associated-lactic-acidosis-undergoing-renal-replacement-therapy-in-intensive-care-units-a-five-million-population-based-study-in-the-north-west-of-italy
#9
Filippo Mariano, Marco Pozzato, Paola Inguaggiato, Cesare Guarena, Ernesto Turello, Massimo Manes, Paola David, Silvia Berutti, Valentina Consiglio, Alessandro Amore, Andrea Campo, Angela Marino, Mauro Berto, Paola Carpani, Giovanni Calabrese, Maurizio Gherzi, Emanuele Stramignoni, Guido Martina, Andrea Serra, Luciano Comune, Elisabetta Roscini, Antonio Marciello, Vincenzo Todini, Patrizia Vio, Oliviero Filiberti, Roberto Boero, Vincenzo Cantaluppi
BACKGROUND: Metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a severe complication of drug administration with significant morbidity and mortality. So far no study in large population areas have examined the incidence, clinical profile and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI)-MALA patients admitted in intensive care units (ICUs) and treated by renal replacement therapy (MALA-RRT). METHODS: Retrospective analysis over a 6-year period (2010-2015) in Piedmont and Aosta Valley regions (5,305,940 inhabitants, 141,174 diabetics treated with metformin) of all MALA-RRT cases...
July 1, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658341/incidence-of-colorectal-cancer-in-young-patients
#10
Fábio Guilherme C M DE Campos, Marleny Novaes Figueiredo, Mariane Monteiro, Sérgio Carlos Nahas, Ivan Cecconello
Sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) is traditionally diagnosed after de sixth decade of life, although a small percentage of cases are diagnosed in patients under 40 years of age, and incidence is increasing. There exists a great volume of controversy regarding clinical outcome of young patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) when compared to elder counterparts. Our aims were to evaluate the rate of CRC in young patients, to review the pertaining literature and to discuss outcomes and clinical prognosis...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614438/pressure-ulcer-dressings-in-critical-patients-a-cost-analysis
#11
Dinara Raquel Araújo Silva, Sandra Marina Gonçalves Bezerra, Jéssica Pereira Costa, Maria Helena Barros Araújo Luz, Vanessa Caminha Aguiar Lopes, Lidya Tolstenko Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To assess the direct cost of dressings in pressure ulcer treatment. METHOD: This was a descriptive observational study conducted at an intensive care unit in the Northeast region of Brazil, between November and December 2015. Data were gathered using the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing and a form to characterize and assess costs. Values in Brazilian reais (BRL) were converted into U.S. dollars at the exchange rate of USD 0.26/BRL. Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted...
June 12, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583783/presentaciones-poco-comunes-y-peligros-de-la-s%C3%A3-filis-secundaria-periosteitis-tenosinovitis-y-anomal%C3%A3-as-hep%C3%A3-ticas
#12
Diana Rosa-Gonçalves, Miguel Bernardes, Lúcia Costa
We herein describe two cases of secondary syphilis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection with an unusual presentation, a diffuse polyostotic periosteitis. Patients referred mainly intense bone pain. Other relevant aspects of the clinical pictures were flexor tenosynovitis and hepatic abnormalities. Given the persistence of symptoms, the treatment duration performed was different from most described in literature. However, although more slowly than expected, both obtained a favorable clinical response after treatment with benzathine penicillin G...
June 2, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562744/common-mental-disorders-and-associated-factors-a-study-of-women-from-a-rural-area
#13
Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Vanderlei José Haas, Sueli Riul da Silva, Juliana Cristina Dos Santos Monteiro, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz, Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Vanderlei José Haas, Sueli Riul da Silva, Juliana Cristina Dos Santos Monteiro, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and analyzing the influence of sociodemographic, economic, behavioral and reproductive health variables on Common Mental Disorders in women of childbearing age living in the rural area of Uberaba-MG, Brazil. METHOD: An observational and cross-sectional study. Socio-demographic, economic, behavioral and reproductive health instruments were used, along with the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) to identify common mental disorders...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538776/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-in-18-patients-during-the-last-12-years
#14
Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Martins, Susana Moreira, Alda Manique, Rita Macedo, Fátima Caeiro, Luísa Boal, Cristina Bárbara
Objective: To characterize clinically all of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) admitted to an adult pulmonology ward in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of all adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with SPM between January of 2004 and September of 2015. Results: At least one predisposing factor was identified in most (88.9%) of the 18 patients who presented with SPM during the study period...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513763/interaction-between-demand-control-and-social-support-in-the-occurrence-of-common-mental-disorders
#15
Amália Ivine Santana Mattos, Tânia Maria de Araújo, Maura Maria Guimarães de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the interaction between the psychosocial aspects of work and the occurrence of common mental disorders among health workers. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a representative sample of workers of the primary health care of five municipalities of the State of Bahia, Brazil, in 2012. The variable of outcome were the common mental disorders evaluated by the SRQ-20, and the variables of exposure were high demand (high psychological demand and low control over the work) and low social support in the workplace...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492575/alterations-of-cerebral-white-matter-structure-in-psychosis-and-their-clinical-correlations-a-systematic-review-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging-studies
#16
Serena Parnanzone, Dario Serrone, Maria Cristina Rossetti, Simona D'Onofrio, Alessandra Splendiani, Valeria Micelli, Alessandro Rossi, Francesca Pacitti
Schizophrenia is a common, severe and chronically disabling mental illness. Most of MRI studies in schizophrenia suggest the involvement of white matter (WM) pathology in multiple cerebral regions in the neurobiology of this condition. White matter fiber tracts connecting numerous cortical regions have been the focus of a number of studies using a magnetic resonance technique called “Diffusion Tensor Imaging” (DTI). A literature search of published DTI studies was conducted using the major database National Centre for Biotechnology information (NCBI) PubMed (MEDLINE)...
March 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489170/modified-alvarado-score-in-children-with-diagnosis-of-appendicitis
#17
Mehran Peyvasteh, Shahnam Askarpour, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Sepideh Besharati
Background: Appendicitis is one of the most common abdominal emergency. Some predictive scoring systems are recommended to decrease the rate of negative appendectomy. Aim: To evaluate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of modified Alvarado score in children who underwent appendectomy. Methods: Four hundred children with initial diagnosis of appendicitis were randomly selected from patients who underwent appendectomy...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444828/labeling-and-defining-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-critical-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Catherine Broomfield, Kristin Stedal, Stephen Touyz, Paul Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: With anorexia nervosa (AN) having various presentations, attention has been directed towards particularly durable forms of the condition in both research and clinical contexts. A major hindrance in terms of advancing the field is the inconsistent labeling and defining of this subgroup. This has two implications; first, the inconsistent recruitment of participants when researching this sample, and second, the misdiagnosing of patients who may or may not have a durable course of the disease...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423141/intimate-partner-violence-and-incidence-of-common-mental-disorder
#19
Marcela Franklin Salvador de Mendonça, Ana Bernarda Ludermir
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of intimate partner violence against women reported in the last 12 months and seven years with the incidence of common mental disorders. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with 390 women from 18 to 49 years, registered in the Family Health Program of the city of Recife, State of Pernambuco; from July 2013 to December 2014. The Self Reporting Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) assessed mental health. Intimate partner violence consists of concrete acts of psychological, physical or sexual violence that the partner inflicts on the woman...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421778/cost-analysis-of-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-spain
#20
Rosa Burgos Peláez, María Nuria Virgili Casas, María Cristina Cuerda Compés, José Manuel Moreno Villares, Gabriel Olveira, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Carmina Wanden-Berghe Lozano, Álvaro Muñoz Cuadrado, Covadonga Torres González, Miguel Ángel Casado Gómez
Introduction: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) improves quality of life, allowing patients to receive nutrition at home and providing a social and labor integration to these patients. Objective: To assess the direct costs of HPN in adult population in Spain. Methods: A literature review of the records of HPN in Spain, carry out by NADYA-SENPE Group (years 2007-2014), was performed. The analysis included the evolution of: patients requiring HPN, number of episodes/patient, mean duration of episodes, description of delivery routes and complications rate...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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