keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hek293

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784879/er-resident-protein-46-erp46-triggers-the-mannose-trimming-activity-of-er-degradation-enhancing-%C3%AE-mannosidase-like-protein-3-edem3
#1
Shangyu Yu, Shinji Ito, Ikuo Wada, Nobuko Hosokawa
Protein folding in the cell is regulated by several quality-control mechanisms. Correct folding of glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is tightly monitored by the recognition of glycan signals by lectins in the ER-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. In mammals, mannose trimming from N-glycans is crucial for disposal of misfolded glycoproteins. The mannosidases responsible for this process are ER mannosidase I and ER degradation-enhancing α-mannosidase-like proteins (EDEMs). However, the molecular mechanism of mannose removal by EDEMs remains unclear, partly owing to the difficulty of reconstituting mannosidase activity in vitro Here, our analysis of EDEM3-mediated mannose-trimming activity on a misfolded glycoprotein revealed that ERp46, an ER-resident oxidoreductase, associates stably with EDEM3...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784860/molecular-and-functional-characterization-of-fc%C3%AE-riiib-receptor-ligand-interaction-implications-for-neutrophil-mediated-immune-mechanisms-in-malaria
#2
Piyapong Simtong, Amornrat V Romphruk, Annalena Traum, Monika Burg-Roderfeld, Gregor Bein, Konstantin Jakubowski, Andreas Dominik, Michael Theisen, Ikhlaq Hussain Kana, Ulrich J Sachs, Sentot Santoso
The Fcγ receptor IIIb (FcγRIIIb) is a low-affinity receptor of IgG and is essential in neutrophil mediated effector functions. Different allelic forms of FcγRIIIb carrying human neutrophil antigen (HNA-1a, -1b, -1c and -1d) have been identified. Here, we have generated stable transfected HEK293 cell lines expressing HNA-1aa, -1bb, and -1bc. Of these, cells expressing HNA-1bc interacted significantly stronger (2.277 versus 0.743) with human IgG than cells expressing the HNA-1aa or -1bb alloforms. The higher affinity of IgG towards the HNA-1c alloform was confirmed using neutrophils derived from German blood donors...
May 21, 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782054/assessment-of-porcine-endogenous-retrovirus-transmission-across-an-alginate-barrier-used-for-the-encapsulation-of-porcine-islets
#3
Claire Crossan, Nizar I Mourad, Karen Smith, Pierre Gianello, Linda Scobie
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous implantation of a macroencapsulated patch containing human allogenic islets has been successfully used to alleviate type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in a human recipient without the need for immunosuppression. The use of encapsulated porcine islets to treat T1DM has also been reported. Although no evidence of pathogen transfer using this technology has been reported to date, we deemed it appropriate to determine if the encapsulation technology would prevent the release of virus, in particular, the porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV)...
May 21, 2018: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780163/heteromerization-of-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-and-cholecystokinin-b-receptor-through-the-third-transmembrane-domain-of-the-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-contributes-to-the-anti-opioid-effects-of-cholecystokinin-octapeptide
#4
Yin Yang, Qian Li, Qi-Hua He, Ji-Sheng Han, Li Su, You Wan
Activation of the cholecystokinin type B receptor (CCKBR) by cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) inhibits opioid analgesia. Chronic opiate treatment leads to an increase in the CCK-8 concentration and thus enhances the antagonism of CCK-8 against opioid analgesia; the underlying molecular mechanisms remain of great interest. In the present study, we validated the colocalization of the μ-opioid receptor (MOR) and CCKBR in pain signal transmission-related spinal cord dorsal horn and dorsal root ganglion neurons of rats...
May 21, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777058/gpr40-is-a-low-affinity-epoxyeicosatrienoic-acid-receptor-in-vascular-cells
#5
Sang Kyu Park, Anja Herrnreiter, Sandra L Pfister, Kathryn M Gauthier, Benjamin A Falck, John R Falck, William B Campbell
Endothelium-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) have numerous vascular activities mediated by G protein--coupled receptors. Long-chain free fatty acids and EETs activate GPR40, prompting us to investigate the role of GPR40 in some vascular EET activities. 14,15-EET, 11,12-EET, arachidonic acid, and the GPR40 agonist GW9508 increase intracellular calcium concentrations in human GPR40-overexpressing HEK293 cells (EC50 = 0.58 ± 0.08 μM, 0.91 ± 0.08 μM, 3.9 ± 0.06 μM and 19 ± 0.37 nM, respectively)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775289/mass-spectral-detection-of-diethoxyphospho-tyrosine-adducts-on-proteins-from-hek293-cells-using-monoclonal-antibody-depy-for-enrichment
#6
Seda Onder, Lawrence M Schopfer, Ozden Tacal, Thomas A Blake, Rudolph C Johnson, Oksana Lockridge
Chronic illness from exposure to organophosphorus toxicants is hypothesized to involve modification of unknown proteins. Tyrosine in proteins that have no active site serine readily reacts with organophosphorus toxicants. We developed a monoclonal antibody, depY, that specifically recognizes diethoxyphospho-tyrosine in proteins and peptides, independent of the surrounding amino acid sequence. Our goal in the current study was to identify diethoxyphosphorylated proteins in human HEK293 cell lysate treated with chlorpyrifos oxon...
May 18, 2018: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775064/enhancing-action-of-positive-allosteric-modulators-through-the-design-of-dimeric-compounds
#7
Thomas Drapier, Pierre Geubelle, Charlotte Bouckaert, Lise Nielsen, Saara Laulumaa, Eric Goffin, Sébastien Dilly, Pierre Francotte, Julien Hanson, Lionel Pochet, Jette Sandholm Kastrup, Bernard Pirotte
The present study describes the identification of highly potent dimeric 1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide (BTD)-type positive allosteric modulators of the AMPA receptors (AMPApams) obtained by linking two monomeric BTD scaffolds through their respective 6-positions. Using previous X-ray data from monomeric BTDs co-crystallized with the GluA2o ligand-binding domain (LBD), a molecular modeling approach was performed to predict the preferred dimeric combinations. Two 6,6-ethylene-linked dimeric BTD compounds (16 and 22) were prepared and evaluated as AMPApams on HEK293 cells expressing GluA2o(Q) (calcium flux experiment)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774408/possible-association-of-cag-repeat-polymorphism-in-kcnn3-encoding-the-potassium-channel-sk3-with-oxaliplatin-induced-neurotoxicity
#8
Benjamin Anon, Bérenger Largeau, Alban Girault, Aurélie Chantome, Morgane Caulet, Clémence Perray, Driffa Moussata, Christophe Vandier, Chantal Barin-Le Guellec, Thierry Lecomte
INTRODUCTION: Data suggest a role of the potassium channel SK3 (KCNN3 gene) in oxaliplatin-induced neurotoxicity (OIN). Length variations in the polymorphic CAG repeat of the KCNN3 gene may be associated with the risk of OIN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed patch-clamp experiments on HEK293 cell lines, expressing SK3 channel isoforms with short (11) or long (24) CAG repetitions, to measure intracellular calcium concentrations to test the effects of oxaliplatin on current density...
May 17, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769321/lectin-mediated-binding-and-sialoglycans-of-porcine-surfactant-protein-d-synergistically-neutralize-influenza-a-virus
#9
Martin van Eijk, Michael J Rynkiewicz, Kshitij Khatri, Nancy Leymarie, Joseph Zaia, Mitchell R White, Kevan L Hartshorn, Tanya R Cafarella, Irma Van Die, Martin Hessing, Barbara A Seaton, Henk P Haagsman
Innate immunity is critical in the early containment of influenza A virus (IAV) infection, and surfactant protein D (SP-D) plays a crucial role in the pulmonary defense against IAV. In pigs, which are important intermediate hosts during the generation of pandemic IAVs, SP-D uses its unique carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) to interact with IAV. An N-linked CRD-glycosylation provides interactions with the sialic acid binding site of IAV, and a tripeptide loop at the lectin binding site facilitates enhanced interactions with IAV glycans...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762844/free-fatty-acids-mediates-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-inflammation-through-toll-like-receptor-4
#10
L Chen, C-X Yu, B Song, W Cai, C Liu, Q-B Guan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) in the free fatty acids (FFAs) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) inflammation and to explore the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HUVECs and HEK293 cell lines were obtained from Shanghai Type Culture Collection. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and flow cytometry (FCM) were performed to examine the cell viability and apoptosis rate of HUVECs induced by FFAs treatments with or without infection of toll-like receptor-4 interference (TLR4i) adenovirus...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759541/the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-a-mutation-hotspot-responsible-for-the-short-qt-syndrome
#11
Dan Hu, Yang Li, Jiancheng Zhang, Ryan Pfeiffer, Michael H Gollob, Jeff Healey, Daniel Toshio Harrell, Naomasa Makita, Haruhiko Abe, Yaxun Sun, Jihong Guo, Li Zhang, Ganxin Yan, Douglas Mah, Edward P Walsh, Harris B Leopold, Carla Giustetto, Fiorenzo Gaita, Agnieszka Zienciuk-Krajka, Andrea Mazzanti, Silvia G Priori, Charles Antzelevitch, Hector Barajas-Martinez
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the phenotypic and functional expression of an apparent hotspot mutation associated with short QT syndrome (SQTS). BACKGROUND: SQTS is a rare channelopathy associated with a high risk of life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD). METHODS: Probands diagnosed with SQTS and their family members were evaluated clinically and genetically. KCNH2 wild-type (WT) and mutant genes were transiently expressed in HEK293 cells, and currents were recorded using whole-cell patch clamp and action potential (AP) clamp techniques...
July 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758025/clca2-is-a-positive-regulator-of-store-operated-calcium-entry-and-tmem16a
#12
Aarushi Sharma, Grace Ramena, Yufang Yin, Louis Premkumar, Randolph C Elble
The Chloride Channel Accessory (CLCA) protein family was first characterized as regulators of calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) currents (ICaCC), but the mechanism has not been fully established. We hypothesized that CLCAs might regulate ICaCC by modulating intracellular calcium levels. In cells stably expressing human CLCA2 or vector, we found by calcium imaging that CLCA2 moderately enhanced intracellular-store release but dramatically increased store-operated entry of calcium upon cytosolic depletion...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755642/an-improved-method-for-increasing-the-efficiency-of-gene-transfection-and-transduction
#13
Baomin Shi, Mengzhou Xue, Yi Wang, Yufeng Wang, Davey Li, Xiaomin Zhao, Xinbo Li
Transfection and transduction using lentivirus has gained attention in biomedical research. To date, how to reach the maximum transfection and viral transduction efficiency is still challenging. Here we compared the transfection and viral transduction efficiency using commercially available transfection reagents including FuGENE 6, Lipofectamine 2000 and Lipofectamine 3000 in different cell lines and primary cultured cells. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was clearly seen in Eppendorf tubes from harvested cells using Lipofectamine 3000 without using a microscope and UV activation...
2018: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755547/lipocalin2-protects-human-embryonic-kidney-cells-against-cisplatin-induced-genotoxicity
#14
Fatemeh Sadeghi, Mahmoud Etebari, Mehryar Habibi Roudkenar, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi
Cisplatin is one of the most useful chemotherapeutics which performs its cytotoxic effect via accumulation of platinum resulting in oxidative stress, and destruction of cell DNA. This could probably cause secondary cancers in healthy tissues. Lipocalin2 (Lcn2) is a protein which its expression is increased in oxidative stresses. Therefore, the present study was performed to evaluate the protective effects of Lcn2 up-regulation on cisplatin genotoxicity. In order to up-regulate Lcn2 expression, HEK293 cells were transfected with pcDNA3...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752834/h-2-o-2-induces-pp2a-demethylation-to-downregulate-mtorc1-signaling-in-hek293-cells
#15
Shen Tang, Fu Qin, Xinhang Wang, Ziwei Liang, Haiqing Cai, Laiming Mo, Yue Huang, Boyin Liang, Xuejing Wei, Qingqing Ao, Yilu Xu, Yuyang Liu, Deqiang Xiao, Songchao Guo, Cailing Lu, Xiyi Li
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a Ser/Thr protein kinase that functions as an ATP and amino acid sensor to govern cell growth and proliferation by mediating mitogen- and nutrient-dependent signal transduction. Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), a ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine phosphatase, negatively regulates mTOR signaling. Methylation of PP2A is catalyzed by leucine carboxyl methyltransferase-1 (LCMT1) and reversed by protein phosphatase methylesterase 1 (PME-1), which regulates PP2A activity and substrate specificity...
May 12, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752411/differential-activities-and-mechanisms-of-the-four-r-spondins-in-potentiating-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#16
Soohyun Park, Jie Cui, Wangsheng A Yu, Ling Wu, Kendra Carmon, Qingyun J Liu
The four R-spondins (RSPO1-4) strongly potentiate Wnt signaling and play critical roles in normal development, adult stem cell survival, and cancer development and aggressiveness. All four RSPOs have been suggested to potentiate Wnt signaling by binding to three related receptors, i.e., leucine-rich repeat containing, G protein-coupled receptors 4, 5 and 6 (LGR4/5/6), and then inducing the clearance of two E3 ubiquitin ligases (RNF43 and ZNRF3) that otherwise would ubiquitinate Wnt receptors for degradation...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752257/multidrug-resistance-protein-1-mrp1-abcc1-mediated-cellular-protection-and-transport-of-methylated-arsenic-metabolites-differs-between-human-cell-lines
#17
Mayukh Banerjee, Gurnit Kaur, Brayden D Whitlock, Michael W Carew, X Chris Le, Elaine M Leslie
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter Multidrug Resistance Protein 1 (MRP1/ABCC1) is known to protect cells from the proven human carcinogen arsenic through the cellular efflux of arsenic triglutathione [As(GS)3], and the diglutathione conjugate of the highly toxic monomethylarsonous acid (MMAIII) [MMA(GS)2]. Previously, differences in MRP1 phosphorylation (at Y920/S921) and N-glycosylation (at N19/N23) were associated with marked differences in As(GS)3 transport kinetics between HEK293 and HeLa cell lines...
May 11, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750015/symmetric-dimeric-adamantanes-for-exploring-the-structure-of-two-viroporins-influenza-virus-m2-and-hepatitis-c-virus-p7
#18
Yasmine M Mandour, Ulrike Breitinger, Chunlong Ma, Jun Wang, Frank M Boeckler, Hans-Georg Breitinger, Darius P Zlotos
Background: Adamantane-based compounds have been identified to interfere with the ion-channel activity of viroporins and thereby inhibit viral infection. To better understand the difference in the inhibition mechanism of viroporins, we synthesized symmetric dimeric adamantane analogs of various alkyl-spacer lengths. Methods: Symmetric dimeric adamantane derivatives were synthesized where two amantadine or rimantadine molecules were linked by various alkyl-spacers...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748881/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-ivy-leaves-dry-extract-influence-on-transcriptional-activity-of-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#19
Janka Schulte-Michels, Christina Keksel, Hanns Häberlein, Sebastian Franken
EA 575® is an ivy leaves dry extract (DER 5-7.5:1, 30% ethanol) used against diseases of the lower respiratory tract associated with productive cough. EA 575® improves symptoms associated with chronic inflammatory bronchial conditions. Compared to its bronchospasmolytic and secretolytic properties, the anti-inflammatory effects of EA 575® are mostly untried. Therefore, we addressed the question of whether the anti-inflammatory effect of EA 575® is due to an impact on the NFκB pathway. NFκB nuclear translocation was visualized by immunofluorescence in J774...
May 11, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748863/repaglinide-irbesartan-drug-interaction-effects-of-slco1b1-polymorphism-on-repaglinide-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-in-chinese-population
#20
Qi Pei, Jun-Yan Liu, Ji-Ye Yin, Guo-Ping Yang, Shi-Kun Liu, Yi Zheng, Pan Xie, Cheng-Xian Guo, Mi Luo, Hong-Hao Zhou, Xi Li, Zhao-Qian Liu
PURPOSE: On account of the potential inhibition of OATP1B1 (organic anion transporting polypeptide) by angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) and the effects of SLCO1B1 (solute carrier organic anion transporter family member) polymorphism, the aim of current study is to assess the impact of ARBs on the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of repaglinide in Chinese healthy volunteers with different SLCO1B1 genotypes. METHODS: The in vitro study was conducted on irbesartan, valsartan, olmesartan, and losartan by using HEK293 cells transfected with OATP1B1...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
113709
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"