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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647483/demands-on-response-inhibition-processes-determine-modulations-of-theta-band-activity-in-superior-frontal-areas-and-correlations-with-pupillometry-implications-for-the-norepinephrine-system-during-inhibitory-control
#1
Gabriel Dippel, Moritz Mückschel, Tjalf Ziemssen, Christian Beste
Response inhi bition processes are important for goal-directed behavior and particularly demanded when it is unlikely to inhibit automatically executed responses. It has been suggested that the norepinephrine (NE) system is important to consider for such likelihood effects. As an indirect measure of the NE system activity we used the pupil diameter and integrated this data with neurophysiological (EEG) data and beamforming analyses. The study shows that inhibitory control processes reflected by theta oscillations are strongly modulated by the likelihood to employ these processes and that these mechanisms were related to neural processes in the SMA and SFG...
June 21, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646471/decoding-early-myelopoiesis-from-dynamics-of-core-endogenous-network
#2
Hang Su, Gaowei Wang, Ruoshi Yuan, Junqiang Wang, Ying Tang, Ping Ao, Xiaomei Zhu
A decade ago mainstream molecular biologists regarded it impossible or biologically ill-motivated to understand the dynamics of complex biological phenomena, such as cancer genesis and progression, from a network perspective. Indeed, there are numerical difficulties even for those who were determined to explore along this direction. Undeterred, seven years ago a group of Chinese scientists started a program aiming to obtain quantitative connections between tumors and network dynamics. Many interesting results have been obtained...
May 29, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645674/does-spinal-deformity-correction-of-non-dystrophic-scoliosis-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-with-one-stage-posterior-pedicle-screw-technique-produce-outcomes-similar-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#3
Qiunan Lyu, Chunguang Zhou, Yueming Song, Limin Liu, Lei Wang, Zhongjie Zhou
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Efficacy of one-stage posterior pedicle screw instrument used in the treatment of non-dystrophic scoliosis in neurofibromatosis type-1(NF-1) is unknown. And there is no study that has directly compared the results of spinal deformity correction between non-dystrophic scoliosis in NF-1 and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). PURPOSE: To study the efficacy of one-stage posterior pedicle screw instrument used in the treatment of non-dystrophic scoliosis in NF-1 and compare non-dystrophic scoliosis in NF-1 with matched AIS to illustrate the differences...
June 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645405/conflict-of-interest
#4
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644448/response-to-protocol-review-scenario-conflicts-of-interest
#5
Samuel Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639535/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
Cawley N, Tur C, Prados F, et al. Spinal cord atrophy as a primary outcome measure in phase II trials of progressive multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. Epub ahead of print 18 May 2017. DOI: 10.1177/1352458517709954. On page 9 of this article, the Declaration of Conflicting Interests and Funding statements were incorrect. The correct declarations are shown below. Declaration of Conflicting Interests The author(s) declared the following potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship and/or publication of this article: A...
June 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637285/a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-endometriosis-on-male-partners
#7
L Culley, C Law, N Hudson, H Mitchell, E Denny, N Raine-Fenning
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of endometrioses on male partners of women with the condition? SUMMARY ANSWER: Endometriosis significantly impacts men across several life domains and can negatively impact emotional well-being. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Endometriosis has been shown to negatively impact women's quality of life and may strain intimate relationships. Little is known about the impact on male partners. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The ENDOPART study was a cross-sectional, qualitative study of 22 women with endometriosis and their male partners (n = 44) in the UK (2012-2013)...
June 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636480/the-emerging-role-of-pimavanserin-in-the-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#8
Neal Hermanowicz, Gustavo Alva, Fernando Pagan, Alberto J Espay, Amita Patel, Katya Cruz Madrid, Daniel Kremens, Jim Kenney, Sheila Arquette, Gary Tereso, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel of experts drawn from neurology, psychiatry, geropsychiatry, geriatrics, and pharmacy representatives of 3 health plans convened in New York City on July 30, 2016, with the objective of sharing opinions, ideas, and information regarding the optimal management of Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP). Three key points emerged from the discussion: (1) Because of the nature of Parkinson's disease and PDP, finding appropriate treatment can prove challenging; (2) emerging therapies may present an opportunity for effective disease management; and (3) moving forward, provider and patient education regarding PDP and available treatment options is essential for well-managed symptoms and better quality of life...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633935/teacher-student-relationship-quality-and-academic-achievement-in-elementary-school-a-longitudinal-examination-of-gender-differences
#9
Daniel B Hajovsky, Benjamin A Mason, Luke A McCune
Multiple group longitudinal cross-lagged panel models were implemented to understand the directional influences between teacher-student closeness and conflict and measured math and reading achievement across elementary grades and gender groups using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development longitudinal sample (N=1133). Specifically, after testing multiple group longitudinal measurement invariance to ensure consistent measurement across genders and time, and tests of equivalence of the latent parameters, we were interested in whether longitudinal changes in teacher-rated closeness and conflict explained longitudinal changes in achievement, and vice versa, and whether those longitudinal influences varied by gender...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631553/administration-of-progesterone-throughout-pregnancy-increases-maternal-steroids-without-adverse-effect-on-mature-oligodendrocyte-immunostaining-in-the-guinea-pig
#10
Julia C Shaw, Hannah K Palliser, Kerrin Palazzi, Jonathan J Hirst
Progesterone is administered to pregnant women at risk of premature labor, despite systematic reviews showing conflicting outcomes regarding its use, highlighting doubt over the effectiveness of the therapy. Progesterone can be rapidly metabolized into a number of steroids, but to date, there has been a lack of investigation into the fetal steroid profiles following administration and whether this impacts fetal neurodevelopment. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of progesterone treatment on allopregnanolone and cortisol levels in the fetus and on a marker of myelination in the fetal brain...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631243/amyloid-plaques-beyond-a%C3%AE-a-survey-of-the-diverse-modulators-of-amyloid-aggregation
#11
REVIEW
Katie L Stewart, Sheena E Radford
Aggregation of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide is strongly correlated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent research has improved our understanding of the kinetics of amyloid fibril assembly and revealed new details regarding different stages in plaque formation. Presently, interest is turning toward studying this process in a holistic context, focusing on cellular components which interact with the Aβ peptide at various junctures during aggregation, from monomer to cross-β amyloid fibrils. However, even in isolation, a multitude of factors including protein purity, pH, salt content, and agitation affect Aβ fibril formation and deposition, often producing complicated and conflicting results...
June 19, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630534/data-sharing-a-new-editorial-initiative-of-the-international-committee-of-medical-journal-editors-implications-for-the-editors-network
#12
Fernando Alfonso, Karlen Adamyan, Jean-Yves Artigou, Michael Aschermann, Michael Boehm, Alfonso Buendia, Pao-Hsien Chu, Ariel Cohen, Livio Dei Cas, Mirza Dilic, Anton Doubell, Dario Echeverri, Nuray Enç, Ignacio Ferreira-González, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Andreas Flammer, Eckart Fleck, Plamen Gatzov, Carmen Ginghina, Lino Goncalves, Habib Haouala, Mahmoud Hassanein, Gerd Heusch, Kurt Huber, Ivan Hulín, Mario Ivanusa, Rungroj Krittayaphong, Chu-Pak Lau, Germanas Marinskis, François Mach, Luiz Felipe Moreira, Tuomo Nieminen, Latifa Oukerraj, Stefan Perings, Luc Pierard, Tatjana Potpara, Walter Reyes-Caorsi, Se-Joong Rim, Olaf Rødevand, Georges Saade, Mikael Sander, Evgeny Shlyakhto, Bilgin Timuralp, Dimitris Tousoulis, Dilek Ural, J J Piek, Albert Varga, Thomas F Lüscher
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides recommendations to improve the editorial standards and scientific quality of biomedical journals. These recommendations range from uniform technical requirements to more complex and elusive editorial issues including ethical aspects of the scientific process. Recently, registration of clinical trials, conflicts of interest disclosure, and new criteria for authorship- emphasizing the importance of responsibility and accountability-, have been proposed...
May 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629463/how-understanding-and-application-of-drug-related-legal-instruments-affects-harm-reduction-interventions-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sovannary Tuot, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Sochenda Sou, Ghazal Sawez, Phylicia Morgan, Mony Srey, Tola Chan, Pheak Chhoun, Olga Golichenko, Sok Chamreun Choub, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Harm reduction interventions in Cambodia face numerous obstacles because of conflicting understanding and interests and inconsistencies in the implementation by law enforcement officials. This study aims to examine how understanding and application of Drug Control Law (DCL) and Village/Commune Safety Policy (VCSP) affects harm reduction interventions in Cambodia from the standpoints of law enforcement officials, people who inject drugs and people who use drugs (PWID/PWUD), as well as other key stakeholders...
June 19, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626018/dissecting-the-function-of-hippocampal-oscillations-in-a-human-anxiety-model
#14
Saurabh Khemka, Gareth Barnes, Raymond J Dolan, Dominik R Bach
Neural oscillations in hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) are a hallmark of rodent anxiety models that build on conflict between approach and avoidance. Yet, the function of these oscillations, and their expression in humans, remain elusive. Here, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate neural oscillations in a task that simulated approach-avoidance conflict, wherein 23 male and female human participants collected monetary tokens under a threat of virtual predation. Probability of threat was learned beforehand by direct experience...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621754/environmental-human-health-and-socio-economic-effects-of-cement-powders-the-multicriteria-analysis-as-decisional-methodology
#15
Laura Moretti, Paola Di Mascio, Simona Bellagamba
The attention to sustainability-related issues has grown fast in recent decades. The experience gained with these themes reveals the importance of considering this topic in the construction industry, which represents an important sector throughout the world. This work consists on conducting a multicriteria analysis of four cement powders, with the objective of calculating and analysing the environmental, human health and socio-economic effects of their production processes. The economic, technical, environmental and safety performances of the examined powders result from official, both internal and public, documents prepared by the producers...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619031/healthy-people-and-healthy-profits-elaborating-a-conceptual-framework-for-governing-the-commercial-determinants-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-identifying-options-for-reducing-risk-exposure
#16
REVIEW
Kent Buse, Sonja Tanaka, Sarah Hawkes
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent a significant threat to human health and well-being, and carry significant implications for economic development and health care and other costs for governments and business, families and individuals. Risks for many of the major NCDs are associated with the production, marketing and consumption of commercially produced food and drink, particularly those containing sugar, salt and transfats (in ultra-processed products), alcohol and tobacco...
June 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616683/general-practitioners-perceptions-of-the-current-status-and-pharmacists-contribution-to-primary-care-in-iceland
#17
Anna Bryndis Blondal, Jon Steinar Jonsson, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong, Anna Birna Almarsdottir
Background For the past several years pharmacists' responsibilities have expanded globally from traditional tasks of dispensing medications to collaborating with other health care professionals in patient care. Similar developments have not occurred in outpatient settings in Iceland. Objective The aim of this study was to explore Icelandic general practitioners' views on the current status of primary care, their perceptions of pharmacists as a health care profession, and their attitudes towards future GP-pharmacist collaboration in primary care in Iceland...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614509/-hospital-management-in-brazil-a-review-of-the-literature-with-a-view-toenhance-administrative-practices-in-hospitals
#18
Diego Carlos Farias, Fernando Oliveira de Araujo
Hospitals are complex organizations which, in addition to the technical assistance expected in the context of treatment and prevention of health hazards, also require good management practices aimed at improving their efficiency in their core business. However, in administrative terms, recurrent conflicts arise involving technical and managerial areas. Thus, this article sets out to conducta review of the scientific literature pertaining to the themes of hospital management and projects that have been applied in the hospital context...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612619/-isolated-perfusion-of-the-upper-extremity-with-tnf-%C3%AE-double-venous-cannulation
#19
M Špaček, P Mitáš, M Vočka, L Lacina, G Hodková, R Špunda, O Kodet, I Krajsová, L Petruželka, J Trnka, J Kubinyi, Z Matějovský, L Lambert, J Lindner
BACKGROUND: The authors present a technical variation of the standard cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass perfusion during hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion (ILP) procedures in selected patients with unresectable soft tissue sarcoma or malignant melanoma. PATIENTS: Of 55 ILP procedures performed at our institution since the procedure was established in 2009, nine were performed at the upper extremity. Standard single venous cannulation was used in five cases, and extended, double venous cannulation in the last four...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612617/-breast-cancer-in-young-women-correlation-of-clinical-histomorphological-and-molecular-genetic-features-of-breast-carcinoma-in-women-younger-than-35-years-of-age
#20
A Metelková, A Skálová, J Fínek
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, breast cancer is the leading type of malignancy in women. For premenopausal women, the disease brings much higher risk as it is usually more aggressive with worse prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 92 women treated at the Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy in Pilsen were selected from a basic cohort of 356 women under 35 years of age with breast cancer who were diagnosed between 2006 and 2015. The control group comprised 100 postmenopausal women over 65 years of age who were treated for invasive breast cancer...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
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