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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934394/microrna-455-3p-as-a-potential-peripheral-biomarker-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Subodh Kumar, Murali Vijayan, P Hemachandra Reddy
The purpose of our study was to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) as early detectable peripheral biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD). To achieve our objective, we assessed miRNAs in serum samples from AD patients and Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects relative to healthy controls. We used Affymetrix microarray analysis and validated differentially expressed miRNAs using qRT-PCR. We further validated miRNA data using AD postmortem brains, amyloid precursor protein transgenic mice and AD cell lines. We identified a gradual upregulation of four miRNAs: miR-455-3p, miR-4668-5p, miR-3613-3p and miR-4674...
October 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934222/endogenous-rgs14-is-a-cytoplasmic-nuclear-shuttling-protein-that-localizes-to-juxtanuclear-membranes-and-chromatin-rich-regions-of-the-nucleus
#2
Mary Rose Branch, John R Hepler
Regulator of G protein signaling 14 (RGS14) is a multifunctional scaffolding protein that integrates G protein and H-Ras/MAPkinase signaling pathways to regulate synaptic plasticity important for hippocampal learning and memory. However, to date, little is known about the subcellular distribution and roles of endogenous RGS14 in a neuronal cell line. Most of what is known about RGS14 cellular behavior is based on studies of tagged, recombinant RGS14 ectopically overexpressed in unnatural host cells. Here, we report for the first time a comprehensive assessment of the subcellular distribution and dynamic localization of endogenous RGS14 in rat B35 neuroblastoma cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933163/lissodendoric-acids-a-and-b-manzamine-related-alkaloids-from-the-far-eastern-sponge-lissodendoryx-florida
#3
Ekaterina G Lyakhova, Sophia A Kolesnikova, Anatoly I Kalinovsky, Dmitrii V Berdyshev, Evgeny A Pislyagin, Aleksandra S Kuzmich, Roman S Popov, Pavel S Dmitrenok, Tatyana N Makarieva, Valentin A Stonik
The first representatives of a new group of manzamine-related alkaloids with a previously unknown skeletal systems, namely, lissodendoric acids A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the sponge Lissodendoryx florida collected from the Sea of Okhotsk. The structures and absolute configurations have been elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis together with chemical transformations and quantum-chemical modeling. The lissodendoric acids show a potent capability to decrease the production of reactive oxygen species in neuroblastoma Neuro 2a and somewhat increase the survival of these cells upon treatment with 6-hydroxydopamine (an in vitro antiparkinson biotest)...
September 21, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930619/asiatic-acid-nullified-aluminium-toxicity-in-in-vitro-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Mashoque Ahmad Rather, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Jegadeesan Nataraj, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Saravana Babu Chidambaram
Aluminium (Al) is a ubiquitously distributed environmental toxicant that lacks biological functions; however, its accumulation in the brain has been demonstrated to be linked to several neuropathological conditions particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD). Asiatic acid (AA), a triterpene extracted from Centella asiatica, has been reported to cross the blood brain barrier and also displayed antioxidant and neuroprotective activities. The present study was aimed to explore the neuroprotective effect of AA against aluminium maltolate (Al(mal)3) induced neurotoxicity by assessing cell viability, mitochondrial membrane potential, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA damage and apoptosis (Hoechst and dual staining, comet assay; expressions of pro-apoptotic, anti-apoptotic and signaling indices) via AKT/GSK-3β signaling pathway in SH-SY 5Y  neuroblastoma cells...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930531/isolongifolene-attenuates-rotenone-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis
#5
Rengasamy Balakrishnan, Namasivayam Elangovan, Thangavel Mohankumar, Jegadeesan Nataraj, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Mohammed Akbar, Mohammed Abdul Sattar Khan
The present study was carried out to investigate the neuroprotective effects of isolongifolene (ILF), a tricyclic sesquiterpene of Murraya koenigii, against rotenone-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and apoptosis in a cellular model. SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells were divided into four experimental groups (control, rotenone (100 nM), ILF (10 microM) + rotenone (100 nanoM), ILF 10 microM alone treated) based on 3-(4, 5-dimethyl 2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The results of the present study showed that the ILF treatment significantly alleviated rotenone-induced cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in SH-SY5Y cells...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930257/physicochemical-properties-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-crude-extracts-and-fractions-from-phyllanthus-amarus
#6
Van Tang Nguyen, Jennette A Sakoff, Christopher J Scarlett
Background:Phyllanthus amarus (P. amarus) has been used as a medicinal plant for the prevention and treatment of chronic ailments such as diabetes, hepatitis, and cancer. Methods: The physicochemical properties, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of crude extracts and fractions from P. amarus were determined using spectrophotometric method. Results: The P. amarus methanol (PAM) extract had lower levels of residual moisture (7.40%) and water activity (0.24) and higher contents of saponins, phenolics, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins (1657...
June 18, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929385/l-serine-a-naturally-occurring-amino-acid-with-therapeutic-potential
#7
REVIEW
J S Metcalf, R A Dunlop, J T Powell, S A Banack, P A Cox
In human neuroblastoma cell cultures, non-human primates and human beings, L-serine is neuroprotective, acting through a variety of biochemical and molecular mechanisms. Although L-serine is generally classified as a non-essential amino acid, it is probably more appropriate to term it as a "conditional non-essential amino acid" since, under certain circumstances, vertebrates cannot synthesize it in sufficient quantities to meet necessary cellular demands. L-serine is biosynthesized in the mammalian central nervous system from 3-phosphoglycerate and serves as a precursor for the synthesis of the amino acids glycine and cysteine...
September 19, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927981/manipulation-of-variables-in-local-controlled-release-vincristine-treatment-in-neuroblastoma
#8
Jeannine M Coburn, Jamie Harris, Rachel Cunningham, Jasmine Zeki, David L Kaplan, Bill Chiu
INTRODUCTION: Local drug delivery minimizes systemic toxicity while delivering high-dose chemotherapy for neuroblastoma patients. We hypothesized that varying burst and maintenance dosing of implanted silk platforms would improve survival. METHODS: Platforms were loaded with vincristine 25μg, 50μg, 100μg, and 200μg varying burst (released 1-4days postimplantation) and maintenance (over the next 20days) dosing. Orthotopic tumors were created in mice using human neuroblastoma KELLY cells...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927789/anticancer-efficacy-of-p-dodecylaminophenol-against-high-risk-and-refractory-neuroblastoma-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#9
Noriko Takahashi, Shunpei Koyama, Shinya Hasegawa, Masahiro Yamasaki, Masahiko Imai
Neuroblastoma is an aggressive and drug-resistant refractory cancer. The human high-risk neuroblastoma cell line, SK-N-AS (non-amplified N-myc) is derived from stromal cells and it is resistant to treatment with retinoic acid (1, RA), which is a chemotherapeutic agent used to induce neuronal cellular differentiation of neuroblastomas. We have developed p-dodecylaminophenol (3, p-DDAP), based on N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (2, 4-HPR), a synthetic amide of 1, since 1 and 2 are associated with the side-effect of nyctalopia...
September 9, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927089/chronic-radiation-exposure-of-neuroblastoma-cells-reduces-nmyc-copy-number
#10
Manu Gnanamony, Reuben Antony, Karen S Fernández, Libes Jaime, Julian Lin, Pushpa A Joseph, Christopher S Gondi
Neuroblastoma accounts for >15% of cancer-associated mortalities of children in the USA. Despite aggressive treatment regimens, the long-term survival for these children remains <40%. The identification of v-Myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma-derived homolog (nMYC) gene amplification during diagnosis is associated with poor prognosis in neuroblastoma. There are limited studies examining changes in nMYC copy numbers in response to therapy and its biological effect on cancer cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of radiation on nMYC expression and amplification status in high-risk neuroblastoma...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926689/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-for-a-case-of-refractory-opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia-syndrome
#11
Jocelyn E Greensher, James Louie, Jonathan D Fish
Opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia syndrome (OMAS) can be refractory to standard therapies and devastating. Alternative treatments are imperative. A 14-month-old male diagnosed with neuroblastoma and paraneoplastic OMAS achieved complete cancer remission with chemotherapy. The OMAS, however, persisted over the subsequent 4 years despite numerous immune-modulatory and immunosuppressive therapies. The patient ultimately achieved complete remission following therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) combined with rituximab and intravenous immunoglobulin...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926503/acquired-intermittent-pediatric-horner-syndrome-due-to-neuroblastoma
#12
Liza M Cohen, Alexandra Elliott, Suzanne K Freitag
A 3-month-old male developed intermittent left upper eyelid ptosis at the age of 1 month that was gradually increasing in frequency and duration. Examination revealed anisocoria and left upper and lower eyelid ptosis, consistent with a left Horner syndrome. Imaging showed a mass in the left superior posterior mediastinum, which was resected, and pathology was consistent with neuroblastoma. Eight months thereafter, the patient underwent left upper eyelid ptosis repair. Cases of infantile acquired Horner syndrome due to neuroblastoma are rare...
September 13, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925810/ube3a-mediated-regulation-of-imprinted-genes-and-epigenome-wide-marks-in-human-neurons
#13
S Jesse Lopez, Keith Dunaway, M Saharul Islam, Charles Mordaunt, Annie Vogel Ciernia, Makiko Meguro-Horike, Shin-Ichi Horike, David J Segal, Janine LaSalle
The dysregulation of genes in neurodevelopmental disorders that lead to social and cognitive phenotypes is a complex, multilayered process involving both genetics and epigenetics. Parent-of-origin effects of deletion and duplication of the 15q11-q13 locus leading to Angelman, Prader-Willi, and Dup15q syndromes are due to imprinted genes, including UBE3A, which is maternally expressed exclusively in neurons. UBE3A encodes a ubiquitin E3 ligase protein with multiple downstream targets, including RING1B, which in turn monoubiquitinates histone variant H2A...
September 19, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924803/patient-derived-xenografts-as-preclinical-neuroblastoma-models
#14
REVIEW
Noémie Braekeveldt, Daniel Bexell
The prognosis for children with high-risk neuroblastoma is often poor and survivors can suffer from severe side effects. Predictive preclinical models and novel therapeutic strategies for high-risk disease are therefore a clinical imperative. However, conventional cancer cell line-derived xenografts can deviate substantially from patient tumors in terms of their molecular and phenotypic features. Patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) recapitulate many biologically and clinically relevant features of human cancers...
September 19, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924153/common-variants-in-mmp20-at-11q22-2-predispose-to-11q-deletion-and-neuroblastoma-risk
#15
Xiao Chang, Yan Zhao, Cuiping Hou, Joseph Glessner, Lee McDaniel, Maura A Diamond, Kelly Thomas, Jin Li, Zhi Wei, Yichuan Liu, Yiran Guo, Frank D Mentch, Haijun Qiu, Cecilia Kim, Perry Evans, Zalman Vaksman, Sharon J Diskin, Edward F Attiyeh, Patrick Sleiman, John M Maris, Hakon Hakonarson
MYCN amplification and 11q deletion are two inversely correlated prognostic factors of poor outcome in neuroblastoma. Here we identify common variants at 11q22.2 within MMP20 that associate with neuroblastoma cases harboring 11q deletion (rs10895322), using GWAS in 113 European-American cases and 5109 ancestry-matched controls. The association is replicated in 44 independent cases and 1902 controls. Our study yields novel insights into the genetic underpinnings of neuroblastoma, demonstrating that the inherited common variants reported contribute to the origin of intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity in neuroblastoma...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923539/efficient-vegf-targeting-delivery-of-dox-using-bevacizumab-conjugated-sio2-ldh-for-anti-neuroblastoma-therapy
#16
Rongrong Zhu, Zhaoqi Wang, Peng Liang, Xiaolie He, Xizhen Zhuang, Ruiqi Huang, Mei Wang, Qigang Wang, Yechang Qian, Shilong Wang
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in angiogenesis and is highly expressed in carcinoma, which make it an important target for tumor targeting therapy. Neuroblastoma is the main cause for cancer-related death in children. Like most solid tumors, it is also accompanied with the overexpression of VEGF. Doxorubicin Hydrochloride (DOX), a typical chemotherapeutic agent, exhibits efficient anticancer activities for various cancers. However, DOX, without targeting ability, usually causes severe damage to normal tissues...
September 15, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922156/soluble-oligomers-require-a-ganglioside-to-trigger-neuronal-calcium-overload
#17
Roberta Cascella, Elisa Evangelisti, Alessandra Bigi, Matteo Becatti, Claudia Fiorillo, Massimo Stefani, Fabrizio Chiti, Cristina Cecchi
An altered distribution of membrane gangliosides (GM), including GM1, has recently been reported in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Moreover, amyloid-positive synaptosomes obtained from AD brains were found to contain high-density GM1 clusters, suggesting a pathological significance of GM1 increase at presynaptic neuritic terminals in AD. Here, we show that membrane GM1 specifically recruits small soluble oligomers of the 42-residue form of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ42), with intracellular flux of Ca2+ ions in primary rat hippocampal neurons and in human neuroblastoma cells...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921985/computer-aided-identification-and-lead-optimization-of-dual-murine-double-minute-2-and-4-binders-structure-activity-relationship-studies-and-pharmacological-activity
#18
Mariateresa Giustiniano, Simona Daniele, Sveva Pelliccia, Valeria La Pietra, Deborah Pietrobono, Diego Brancaccio, Sandro Cosconati, Anna Messere, Stefano Giuntini, Linda Cerofolini, Marco Fragai, Claudio Luchinat, Sabrina Taliani, Giuseppe La Regina, Federico Da Settimo, Romano Silvestri, Claudia Martini, Ettore Novellino, Luciana Marinelli
The function of p53 protein, also known as "genome guardian", might be impaired by the over-expression of its primary cellular inhibitor, the murine double minute 2 protein (MDM2). However, the recent finding that MDM2-selective inhibitors induce high levels of its homolog MDM4, prompt us to identify, through a receptor-based virtual screening on an in house dababase, dual MDM2/MDM4 binders. Compound 1 turned out to possess an IC50 of 93.7 nM and of 4.6 nM on MDM2 and MDM4 respectively. A series of compounds were synthetized to optimize its activity on MDM2...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921568/neuronal-activity-dependent-local-activation-of-dendritic-unfolded-protein-response-promotes-expression-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-cell-soma
#19
Atsushi Saito, Longjie Cai, Koji Matsuhisa, Yosuke Ohtake, Masayuki Kaneko, Soshi Kanemoto, Rie Asada, Kazunori Imaizumi
Unfolded protein response (UPR) has roles not only in resolving the accumulation of unfolded proteins owing to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, but also in regulation of cellular physiological functions. ER stress transducers providing the branches of UPR signaling are known to localize in distal dendritic ER of neurons. These reports suggest that local activation of UPR branches may produce integrated outputs for distant communication, and allow regulation of local events in highly polarized neurons. Here, we demonstrated that synaptic activity- and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-dependent local activation of UPR signaling could be associated with dendritic functions through retrograde signal propagation by using murine neuroblastoma cell line, Neuro-2A and primary cultured hippocampal neurons derived from postnatal day 0 litter C57BL/6 mice...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921546/neuroblastoma-cells-undergo-transcriptomic-alterations-upon-dissemination-into-the-bone-marrow-and-subsequent-tumor-progression
#20
Fikret Rifatbegovic, Christian Frech, M Reza Abbasi, Sabine Taschner-Mandl, Tamara Weiss, Wolfgang M Schmidt, Iris Schmidt, Ruth Ladenstein, Inge M Ambros, Peter F Ambros
Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor in childhood. The vast majority of metastatic (M) stage patients present with disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) in the bone marrow (BM) at diagnosis and relapse. Although these cells represent a major obstacle in the treatment of neuroblastoma patients, insights into their expression profile remained elusive. The present RNA-Seq study of stage 4/M primary tumors, enriched BM-derived diagnostic and relapse DTCs, as well as the corresponding BM-derived mononuclear cells (MNCs) from 53 patients revealed 322 differentially expressed genes in DTCs as compared to the tumors (q < 0...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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