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Red skin syndrome

Miguel A Villalobos, Joshua P Hazelton, Rachel L Choron, Lisa Capano-Wehrle, Krystal Hunter, John P Gaughan, Steven E Ross, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Injury is the leading cause of death in children under 18 years. Damage control principles have been extensively studied in adults but remain relatively unstudied in children. Our primary study objective was to evaluate the use of damage control laparotomy (DCL) in critically injured children. METHODS: An American College of Surgeons-verified Level 1 trauma center review (1996-2013) of pediatric trauma laparotomies was undertaken. Exclusion criteria included: age older than 18 years, laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome or delayed longer than 2 hours after admission...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Sheila Requena López, Cayetana Maldonado Seral, Maria Paz González Gutiérrez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Medicina Clínica
Rahel Meier, Luzian Haug, Carsten Surke, Lukas Mathys, Esther Vögelin
Rubber band syndrome is a rare entity seen in younger children mainly in communities where rubber bands are worn around the wrist for decorative purposes. When the band is worn for a long duration, it burrows through the skin and soft tissues resulting in distal edema, loss of function, and even damage to the neurovascular structures. These symptoms are difficult to relate to this rare but typical condition. We report a case of a 2¾-year-old girl with the history of a linear circumferential scar at the right wrist combined with the limited use of a swollen hand for several weeks...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Tajda Keber, Jana Makuc, Gregor Sekavčnik
Kounis syndrome represents the concurrence of acute coronary syndromes or anginal pain with allergic, hypersensitivity, and anaphylactic reactions. It can be associated with normal coronary angiogram or preexistent coronary pathology. Idiopathic anaphylaxis is defined as anaphylaxis without any identifiable precipitating agent or event. We present a case of male who experienced attacks of dyspnoea, hypoxemia, hypotension, purple-red skin, and chest pain over several years. He was diagnosed with idiopathic anaphylaxis...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
Hiroto Moriwaki, Nana Hayama, Shouko Morozumi, Mika Nakano, Akari Nakayama, Yoshiomi Takahata, Yuusuke Sakaguchi, Natsuki Inoue, Toshiki Kubota, Akiko Takenoya, Yoshiko Ishii, Haruka Okubo, Souta Yamaguchi, Tsuyoshi Ono, Toshiaki Oharaseki, Mamoru Yoshikawa
Central venous catheter insertion and cancer represent some of the important predisposing factors for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). DVT usually develops in the lower extremities, and venous thrombosis of the upper extremities is uncommon. Early diagnosis and treatment of deep venous thrombosis are of importance, because it is a precursor of complications such as pulmonary embolism and postthrombotic syndrome. A 47-year-old woman visited our department with painful swelling on the left side of her neck. Initial examination revealed swelling of the region extending from the left neck to the shoulder without any redness of the overlying skin...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Shih-Chao Lin, Chi-Tang Ho, Wen-Ho Chuo, Shiming Li, Tony T Wang, Chi-Chen Lin
BACKGROUND: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging viral pathogen that causes severe morbidity and mortality. Up to date, there is no approved or licensed vaccine or antiviral medicines can be used to treat MERS-CoV-infected patients. Here, we analyzed the antiviral activities of resveratrol, a natural compound found in grape seeds and skin and in red wine, against MERS-CoV infection. METHODS: We performed MTT and neutral red uptake assays to assess the survival rates of MERS-infected Vero E6 cells...
February 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
M Galeotti, M Manzano, P Beraldo, C Bulfon, G Rossi, D Volpatti, G E Magi
Red mark syndrome (RMS) and US strawberry disease (US SD) are skin disorders affecting rainbow trout farmed in Europe and USA. The disease etiology has not yet been established. In spite of specific investigations, identifying Rickettsia-like organism (RLO)- and Midichloria-like organism (MLO)-related DNA in affected individuals, these pathogens have never been observed. We performed histological, ultrastructural and biomolecular analysis on skin and spleen samples of trout with RMS. Examination by TEM revealed the presence of intracytoplasmic microorganisms resembling Rickettsiales within macrophages, fibroblasts and erythrocytes...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
Zaw Min, Raquel R Garcia, Monika Murillo, Jeffrey M Uchin, Nitin Bhanot
Intravenous vancomycin is a widely used antibiotics, but it causes different types of cutaneous hypersensitivity reactions, ranging from maculopapular rash, red-man syndrome, drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, IgA bullous dermatosis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, Stevens-Johnsons syndrome, to IgE-mediated anaphylaxis. We report an elderly patient with the end-stage renal disease presented with diffuse palpable purpura while receiving IV vancomycin therapy for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus septicemia...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Dustin L Higashi, Nicolas Biais, Deborah L Donahue, Jeffrey A Mayfield, Charles R Tessier, Kevin Rodriguez, Brandon L Ashfeld, Jeffrey Luchetti, Victoria A Ploplis, Francis J Castellino, Shaun W Lee
Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A Streptococcus (GAS), is a human bacterial pathogen that can manifest as a range of diseases from pharyngitis and impetigo to severe outcomes such as necrotizing fasciitis and toxic shock syndrome. GAS disease remains a global health burden with cases estimated at over 700 million annually and over half a million deaths due to severe infections(1). For over 100 years, a clinical hallmark of diagnosis has been the appearance of complete (beta) haemolysis when grown in the presence of blood...
2016: Nature Microbiology
Y N Wang, J L Zhuang, W L Zhao, K Fang, Y H Liu, H Z Jin, L Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical, histopathological and therapeutic features of Sweet syndrome with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). METHODS: The clinical data of 3 patients with Sweet syndrome and MDS diagnosed at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between October 1988 and November 2015 were reviewed. The laboratory test results, histopathological findings, and therapeutic regimens of these patients were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The three cases were 29, 49 and 49 years old, respectively, including 2 females and 1 male...
June 14, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Wolfgang Hemmer, Christoph Klug, Ines Swoboda
Allergy to poultry meat is rare and affects both children and adults. The prevalence of poultry meat allergy is unknown, but presumably is similar to that of red meat allergy. There is no close relationship between allergy to poultry meat and allergy to red meat. Poultry meat allergy may present as primary (genuine) food allergy or as secondary food allergy resulting from cross-reactivity. Secondary poultry meat allergy may arise in the context of bird-egg-syndrome, which is due to sensitization to serum albumins present in many tissues including muscle tissue and egg yolk (Gal d 5)...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Seong-Ho Jin, Gyeongsin Park, Youngkyung Ko, Jun-Beom Park
The purpose of this report is to present a case of myeloid sarcoma of the gingiva with myelodysplastic syndrome.A 52-year-old male diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome with skin lesions presented with gingival swelling and gingival redness involving the maxillary left second premolar and the maxillary left first molar. The patient was referred from the Department of Hematology for a biopsy of the lesion. Full-thickness flaps were elevated and inflamed, and neoplastic soft tissue was removed from a lesion and the samples sent for histopathologic analysis...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mark Volpe
Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is an uncommon dermatologic eruption characterized by acute onset of painful papules, plaques or nodules on the skin that are red, blue, or violaceous in color. It has been associated with various infections, medications, and malignancies. Here we report the case of a middle-aged male who presents with Sweet syndrome after an upper resipiratory infection and while using amoxicillin. We also review the diagnostic criteria, laboratory testing, and treatment options...
2016: Curēus
Attila Oláh, Arnold Markovics, Judit Szabó-Papp, Pálma Tímea Szabó, Colin Stott, Christos C Zouboulis, Tamás Bíró
Acne is a common skin disease characterized by elevated sebum production and inflammation of the sebaceous glands. We have previously shown that a non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid ((-)-cannabidiol [CBD]) exerted complex anti-acne effects by normalizing 'pro-acne agents'-induced excessive sebaceous lipid production, reducing proliferation and alleviating inflammation in human SZ95 sebocytes. Therefore, in this study we aimed to explore the putative anti-acne effects of further non-psychotropic phytocannabinoids ((-)-cannabichromene [CBC], (-)-cannabidivarin [CBDV], (-)-cannabigerol [CBG], (-)-cannabigerovarin [CBGV] and (-)-Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabivarin [THCV])...
September 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Evan Rieder, Marianna Shvartsbeyn, Shane A Meehan
Multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyoma (MCL), or Reed syndrome is an uncommon condition that includes cutaneous piloleiomyomas and internal neoplasms of the uterus and kidney. Clinical findings include clusters of variably-painful, skin-colored-to-red-brown papules. Genetic testing shows germline mutations in the gene encoding fumarate hydratase. We describe a patient with MCL who presented with subtle cutaneous findings. We believe it is important that dermatologists consider a diagnosis of MCL when presented with patients with small painful dermal papules...
December 16, 2015: Dermatology Online Journal
Carlos Sandoval, Jorge Infante, Jessica Abad, Hugh W Ferguson, Enrique Paredes, Samuel Valdebenito, Alejandro J Yáñez, Pedro Ilardi, Ruben Avendaño-Herrera
Strawberry disease is a chronic, nonlethal skin condition that affects Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss in the United States and several European countries, where it is also known as red-mark syndrome. We provide the first identification and characterization of three strawberry disease outbreaks occurring at two aquaculture farms in southern Chile. Clinically affected fish weighing an average of 400 g presented multiple bright-red, usually raised, skin lesions on the flank, ventral surface, and dorsal surface...
2016: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Katherine J Ransohoff, Prajakta D Jaju, Prajaka D Jaju, Jean Y Tang, Michele Carbone, Sancy Leachman, Kavita Y Sarin
Phenotypic traits, such as red hair and freckling, increase melanoma risk by 2- to 3-fold. In addition, approximately 10% of melanomas are caused by inherited germline mutations that increase melanoma risk from 4- to >1000-fold. This review highlights the key genes responsible for inherited melanoma, with an emphasis on when a patient should undergo genetic testing. Many genetic syndromes associated with increased melanoma risk are also associated with an increased risk of other cancers. Identification of these high-risk patients is essential for preventive behavior reinforcement, genetic counseling, and ensuring other required cancer screenings...
March 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Virpi Elisa Raivio, Jenni Jonasson, Liisa Myllykangas, Sirpa Ala-Mello, Minna Kankuri-Tammilehto, Sari Kiuru-Enari, Per Westermark, Maarit Tanskanen, Tero Kivelä
OBJECTIVE: We describe a novel TTR mutation with vitreous opacities and carpal tunnel syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 78 year-old woman with vitreous opacities, her daughter with dry eye syndrome, and brother with carpal tunnel syndrome were tested for a mutation in the TTR gene. The vitreous opacities were removed and stained with Congo red and immunohistochemistry against wild type TTR. Skin and gut biopsies and specimens of soft tissue were examined histopathologically...
2016: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
Moussa Abi Ghanem, Elie Saliba, Jihad Irani, Roula Darwish, Nadine Kawkabani, Toni Yared, Charbel Naim, Bassam Abu Khalil
BACKGROUND: Low molecular weight heparins are replacing unfractionated heparin in practice prior to cardiac surgery. This study examines postoperative (post-op) bleeding indicators in patients who received enoxaparin and underwent elective isolated first time coronary artery bypass graft. METHODS: A total of 125 consecutive patients who underwent this procedure between 2009 and 2011 at one tertiary center were reviewed and divided into three groups: Group A (n = 50) received the last dose of enoxaparin between 12 and 24 hours before surgery, Group B (n = 25) received the last dose before 24 hours and Group C (n = 50) did not receive enoxaparin...
October 2015: Le Journal Médical Libanais. the Lebanese Medical Journal
Ayako Okuno, Maiko Arao, Katsunori Aoki, Sayoko Yonemoto, Daisuke Hayashi, Naohiko Fujii, Kazumasa Oka
Here we report a rare case of Merkel cell carcinoma complicated with nephrosis and malignant lymphoma. A 79-year-old male, who had undergone rectectomy due to colorectal cancer about 10 years previously, was diagnosed as Merkel cell carcinoma of the left ear lobe with lymph node metastases. Tumor resection and lymph node dissection were performed. A year later, follow-up PET-CT revealed a small hot spot at the ileocecum without apparent tumor formation based on examination by colonoscopy. The patient received 56 Gy of radiation...
2015: Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi
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