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Colorectal polypectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522018/salvage-resection-of-recurrent-polyp-after-polypectomy-on-the%C3%A2-colorectal-anastomosis-using-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#1
Michiko Wada, Motohiko Kato, Yuichiro Hirai, Toshio Uraoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510242/riktlinjer-f%C3%A3-r-endoskopisk-kontroll-efter-kolorektal-polypektomi
#2
Henrik Thorlacius, Jan Björk, Åke Öst, Ervin Toth
Endoscopic surveillance after colorectal polypectomy These guidelines for endoscopic surveillance after colorectal polypectomy are based on the recommendations published by European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) in 2013. A precondition for the guidelines is that patients have undergone a high-quality colonoscopy, including complete removal and histopathological evaluation of all detected neoplastic lesions. Current research has made it possible to stratify patients into a low-risk and a high-risk group in terms of metachronous cancer...
May 15, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501244/the-difficult-colorectal-polyp
#3
REVIEW
Mark J Pidala, Marianne V Cusick
Difficult colorectal polyps represent lesions that pose a challenge to traditional endoscopic snare polypectomy. These polyps have historically been managed by surgical resection. Currently, several less invasive options are available to avoid colectomy. Repeat colonoscopy and snare polypectomy by an expert endoscopist, endoscopic mucosal resection, endoscopic submucosal dissection, and combined endoscopic and laparoscopic surgery have been developed to remove difficult polyps without the need for formal surgical resection...
June 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493238/cold-polypectomy-for-duodenal-adenomas-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#4
Daisuke Maruoka, Tomoaki Matsumura, Shingo Kasamatsu, Hideaki Ishigami, Takashi Taida, Kenichiro Okimoto, Tomoo Nakagawa, Tatsuro Katsuno, Makoto Arai
Background and study aims Endoscopic resection is effective in treating nonampullary duodenal adenomas but has a high incidence of complications. Cold polypectomy, including cold forceps polypectomy (CFP) and cold snare polypectomy (CSP), is safe and effective in treating colorectal polyps. However, its utility in sporadic nonampullary duodenal adenomas has not been investigated. The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the safety and efficacy of cold polypectomy for sporadic nonampullary duodenal adenomas...
May 10, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483662/the-management-of-polyps-in-female-reproductive-organs
#5
REVIEW
Vasilios Tanos, Kelsey Elizabeth Berry, Jaana Seikkula, Elissa Abi Raad, Andreas Stavroulis, Zaki Sleiman, Rudi Campo, Stephan Gordts
Polyps of the lower reproductive tract are found in 7.8-50% of women. It has been hypothesized that cytogenetic modifications on chromosomes 6, 7 and 12 as well as epigenetic factors involving enzyme and metabolic activities may cause polyps to develop. Cervical polyps found in 2-5% of cases are of low clinical significance and can cause, although rarely, post coital bleedings. Cervical polyps grow during pregnancy and mucorrhoea. Trans vaginal ultrasound (TVU) provides an excellent diagnostic technique to diagnose the size and the anatomic location of endometrial polyps (EPs)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457708/adenoma-surveillance-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-a-retrospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#6
Wendy Atkin, Kate Wooldrage, Amy Brenner, Jessica Martin, Urvi Shah, Sajith Perera, Fiona Lucas, Jeremy P Brown, Ines Kralj-Hans, Paul Greliak, Kevin Pack, Jill Wood, Ann Thomson, Andrew Veitch, Stephen W Duffy, Amanda J Cross
BACKGROUND: Removal of adenomas reduces colorectal cancer incidence and mortality; however, the benefit of surveillance colonoscopy on colorectal cancer risk remains unclear. We examined heterogeneity in colorectal cancer incidence in intermediate-risk patients and the effect of surveillance on colorectal cancer incidence. METHODS: We did this retrospective, multicentre, cohort study using routine lower gastrointestinal endoscopy and pathology data from patients who, after baseline colonoscopy and polypectomy, were diagnosed with intermediate-risk adenomas mostly (>99%) between Jan 1, 1990, and Dec 31, 2010, at 17 hospitals in the UK...
April 27, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425665/standardization-of-endoscopic-resection-for-colorectal-tumors-larger-than-10%C3%A2-mm-in-diameter
#7
Shiro Oka, Toshio Uraoka, Naoto Tamai, Hiroaki Ikematsu, Akiko Chino, Koichi Okamoto, Yoji Takeuchi, Kenichiro Imai, Ken Ohata, Hisashi Shiga, Spiro Raftopoulos, Bo-In Lee, Takahisa Matsuda
Currently, several endoscopic resection (ER) methods for colorectal tumors are available, including polypectomy, conventional endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), and modified ER. In the present review, we mainly focus on the current status of ER for colorectal tumors as well as the report from the Endoscopic Forum Japan (EFJ) 2016, which was held in Tokyo in August 2016. The proposed ER methods for colorectal tumors larger than 10 mm in diameter are as follows. (i) Pedunculated-type tumor is an indication for polypectomy, regardless of size...
April 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420554/the-incidence-and-clinical-associated-factors-of-interval-colorectal-cancers-in-southern-taiwan
#8
Cheng-En Tsai, Keng-Liang Wu, Yi-Chun Chiu, Seng-Kee Chuah, Wei-Chen Tai, Ming-Luen Hu, Chih-Ming Liang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Interval colorectal cancer (CRC) is an emerging issue in CRC screening and surveillance. The frequency of interval CRC and its associated factors have not been well studied in Eastern Asia. We aim to clarify the factors associated with interval CRC. METHODS: CRC patients who had negative colonoscopy results 6-36 months prior to cancer diagnosis were defined as cases of interval CRC. Patient characteristics, past history, colon preparation, colonoscopy findings, and pathology were retrospectively evaluated...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412210/imp3-expression-in-biopsy-specimens-as-a-diagnostic-biomarker-for-colorectal-cancer
#9
Qingzhu Wei, Hui Zhou, Ling Zhong, Liyin Shi, Jianghuan Liu, Qiao Yang, Tong Zhao
No single biological marker is used in routine diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) in endoscopic biopsies. IMP3 is a good independent prognostic biomarker for CRC. However, the expression of IMP3 in hyperplastic polyp (HP) and adenoma has not yet been studied. Moreover, no studies have established the diagnostic value of IMP3 in biopsies. This study aims to assess IMP3 expression in HP, adenoma, and CRC in resection specimens and investigated its value in diagnosis of CRC in biopsies. A total of 1328 specimens (633 of polypectomy; 395 surgical resections; 300 biopsies) were retrospectively analysed...
April 13, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402402/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-personalized-surveillance-after-colorectal-adenomatous-polypectomy
#10
Ethna McFerran, James F O'Mahony, Richard Fallis, Duncan McVicar, Ann G Zauber, Frank Kee
Lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer is 5%, and 5-year survival at early stage is 92%. Individuals with precancerous lesions removed at primary screening are typically recommended surveillance colonoscopy. Because greater benefits are anticipated for those with higher risk of colorectal cancer, scope for risk-specific surveillance recommendations exists. This review assesses published cost-effectiveness estimates of postpolypectomy surveillance to consider the potential for personalized recommendations by risk group...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381946/combined-endoscopic-laparoscopic-surgery-procedures-for-colorectal-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Sarah B Placek, Jeffrey Nelson
Colonoscopy is the standard of care for screening and surveillance of colorectal cancers. Removal of adenomatous polyps prevents the transformation of adenomas to potential adenocarcinoma. While most polyps are amenable to simple endoscopic polypectomy, difficult polyps that are large, broad-based, or located in haustral folds or in tortuous colon segments can present a challenge for endoscopists. Traditionally, patients with endoscopically unresectable polyps have been referred for oncologic surgical resection due to the underlying risk of malignancy within the polyp; however, the majority of these polyps are benign on final pathology...
April 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381945/colonoscopy-advanced-and-emerging-techniques-a-review-of-colonoscopic-approaches-to-colorectal-conditions
#12
REVIEW
Anjali S Kumar, Jennifer Kim Lee
A complete colonoscopy is key in the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to a variety of colorectal diseases. Major challenges are incomplete polyp removal and missed polyps, particularly in the setting of a difficult colonoscopy. There are a variety of both well-established and newer techniques that have been developed to optimize polyp detection, perform complete polypectomy, and endoscopically treat various complications and conditions such as strictures and perforations. The objective of this article is to familiarize the colorectal surgeon with techniques utilized by advanced endoscopists...
April 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366050/a-safe-and-effective-multi-day-colonoscopy-bowel-preparation-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#13
Shawn H Song, Jelena N Svircev, Brandon J Teng, Jason A Dominitz, Stephen P Burns
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Colonoscopy with polypectomy is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but poor bowel cleansing limits the diagnostic yield of the procedure. Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) frequently have suboptimal bowel cleansing with standard pre-colonoscopy bowel preparation regimens. We aimed to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a multi-day inpatient bowel preparation regimen in a population of patients with SCI. DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342125/underwater-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-is-associated-with-fewer-recurrences-and-earlier-curative-resections-compared-to-conventional-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-large-colorectal-polyps
#14
Robert J Schenck, Darius A Jahann, James T Patrie, Edward B Stelow, Dawn G Cox, Dushant S Uppal, Bryan G Sauer, Vanessa M Shami, Daniel S Strand, Andrew Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the efficacy and safety of conventional saline-assisted piecemeal endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) to underwater EMR (UEMR) without submucosal lifting of colorectal polyps are lacking. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of EMR to UEMR of large colorectal polyps. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-nine colorectal polyps were removed by a single endoscopist from 7/2007 to 2/2015 using EMR or UEMR. 135 polyps (EMR: 62, UEMR: 73) that measured ≥15 mm and had not undergone prior attempted polypectomy were evaluated for rates of complete macroscopic resection and adverse events...
March 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323275/risk-for-incomplete-resection-after-macroscopic-radical-endoscopic-resection-of-t1-colorectal-cancer-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#15
Y Backes, W H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, J van Bergeijk, F Ter Borg, M P Schwartz, B W M Spanier, J M J Geesing, K Kessels, M Kerkhof, J N Groen, F H J Wolfhagen, T C J Seerden, N van Lelyveld, G J A Offerhaus, P D Siersema, M M Lacle, L M G Moons
OBJECTIVES: The decision to perform secondary surgery after endoscopic resection of T1 colorectal cancer (CRC) depends on the risk of lymph node metastasis and the risk of incomplete resection. We aimed to examine the incidence and risk factors for incomplete endoscopic resection of T1 CRC after a macroscopic radical endoscopic resection. METHODS: Data from patients treated between 2000 and 2014 with macroscopic complete endoscopic resection of T1 CRC were collected from 13 hospitals...
May 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319429/current-standards-and-new-developments-of-colorectal-polyp-management-and-resection-techniques
#16
Daniel von Renteln, Mickael Bouin, Alan N Barkun
Colonoscopy and endoscopic removal of precancerous polyps play an important role in colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention. Improved endoscopes and quality standards have led to an increasing polyp and adenoma detection rate. Optimal polyp resection techniques and management strategies are key for an effective colonoscopy practice. Areas covered: Strategies for how to improve diminutive polyp (polyps up to 5mm in size) management are discussed because of their high prevalence. Systematic removal of diminutive polyps leads to increasing costs of colonoscopy practice, while the effect on colorectal cancer prevention might be negligible...
March 20, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255255/validity-of-data-in-the-danish-colorectal-cancer-screening-database
#17
Mette Kielsholm Thomsen, Sisse Helle Njor, Morten Rasmussen, Dorte Linnemann, Berit Andersen, Gunnar Baatrup, Lennart Jan Friis-Hansen, Jens Christian Riis Jørgensen, Ellen Margrethe Mikkelsen
BACKGROUND: In Denmark, a nationwide screening program for colorectal cancer was implemented in March 2014. Along with this, a clinical database for program monitoring and research purposes was established. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the agreement and validity of diagnosis and procedure codes in the Danish Colorectal Cancer Screening Database (DCCSD). METHODS: All individuals with a positive immunochemical fecal occult blood test (iFOBT) result who were invited to screening in the first 3 months since program initiation were identified...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250907/the-impact-of-the-introduction-of-formalised-polypectomy-assessment-on-training-in-the-uk
#18
Kinesh Patel, Omar Faiz, Matt Rutter, Paul Dunckley, Siwan Thomas-Gibson
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the impact on polypectomy experience by the mandatory introduction of the Directly Observed Polypectomy Skills tool (DOPyS) and electronic portfolio as part of the formal colonoscopy certification process. DESIGN: Applications for colonoscopy certification in the UK in the year prior to the introduction of DOPyS were analysed retrospectively and compared with data collected prospectively for those in the following year. SETTING: UK National Health Service...
April 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239321/determining-the-optimal-surveillance-interval-after-a-colonoscopic-polypectomy-for-the-korean-population
#19
Jung Lok Lee, Jae Myung Cha, Hye Min Lee, Jung Won Jeon, Min Seob Kwak, Jin Young Yoon, Hyun Phil Shin, Kwang Ro Joo, Joung Il Lee, Dong Il Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Western surveillance strategies cannot be directly adapted to the Korean population. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of metachronous neoplasia and the optimal surveillance interval in the Korean population. METHODS: Clinical and pathological data from index colonoscopy performed between June 2006 and July 2008 and who had surveillance colonoscopies up to May 2015 were compared between low- and high-risk adenoma (LRA and HRA) groups...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212588/colorectal-polypectomy-and-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-emr-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-clinical-guideline
#20
Monika Ferlitsch, Alan Moss, Cesare Hassan, Pradeep Bhandari, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Gregorios Paspatis, Rodrigo Jover, Cord Langner, Maxime Bronzwaer, Kumanan Nalankilli, Paul Fockens, Rawi Hazzan, Ian M Gralnek, Michael Gschwantler, Elisabeth Waldmann, Philip Jeschek, Daniela Penz, Denis Heresbach, Leon Moons, Arnaud Lemmers, Konstantina Paraskeva, Juergen Pohl, Thierry Ponchon, Jaroslaw Regula, Alessandro Repici, Matthew D Rutter, Nicholas G Burgess, Michael J Bourke
1 ESGE recommends cold snare polypectomy (CSP) as the preferred technique for removal of diminutive polyps (size ≤ 5 mm). This technique has high rates of complete resection, adequate tissue sampling for histology, and low complication rates. (High quality evidence, strong recommendation.) 2 ESGE suggests CSP for sessile polyps 6 - 9 mm in size because of its superior safety profile, although evidence comparing efficacy with hot snare polypectomy (HSP) is lacking. (Moderate quality evidence, weak recommendation...
March 2017: Endoscopy
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