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sports orthopedics

Nathan W Skelley, Lauren M Yarholar, Lars C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Powered parachutes are becoming a popular form of sport flying. No previous study has reviewed injuries in this sport. The purpose of this study was to describe the injuries associated with powered parachute flying, the flight factors involved in an incident, and the impact an incident has on current sport involvement. METHODS: National Transportation Safety Board incident reports involving powered parachutes between 2004 and 2015 were reviewed. Internet searches were performed to contact involved pilots to find further information...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Joshua Adjei, Samir K Trehan, Brenda Chang, Kelms Amoo-Achampong, Joseph T Nguyen, Samuel A Taylor, Frank McCormick, Anil S Ranawat
BACKGROUND: Consumer-driven healthcare and an increasing emphasis on quality metrics have encouraged patient engagement in the rating of healthcare. As such, online physician rating websites have become mainstream and may play a potential role in future healthcare policy. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate online patient ratings for US sports medicine surgeons, determine predictors of positive ratings and analyze for inter-website scoring correlation...
October 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Patricia Ribinik, Ahcene Aimar, Antoinette Ngonde Njoh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interest of social insurance preliminary agreement to enter PRM ward for patients after orthopedic surgery in Gonesse hospital. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 01/01/15 to 06/30/15 went to PRM ward (inpatient or day hospital rehabilitation) 16 patients after TKA, 20 patients including 3 femoral neck fracture after THA, 3 patients after anterior cruciate knee ligamentoplasty and 3 patients with cuff tear surgery. At entrance, we assess patient's pain, mobility, personal and environmental factors upon Sofmer-Fedmer, MSAP and HAS standards...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Marion Prigent, Sylvain Brochard, Mathias Thepaut, Christian Lefèvre, Dominique Le Nen, Thierry Cornic, Marie-Thérèse Cariou, Catherine Le Rouzic, Phlippe Le Moine, Christelle Pons, Laetitia Houx
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic lower limb amputation is rare in pediatric population, and surgeons always try limb salvage. But rarely, later amputation occurred when the traumatic limb is painful. It is a difficult and irreversible decision needed a multidisciplinary approach. We report how we managed a programmed trans-tibial amputation on 13-years-old boy, 20 months after a foot trauma. OBSERVATIONS: Our patient is an adolescent victim of a left foot crash. The first checkup showed a degloving injury, dislocation of the interphalangeal joints and of all toes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Tabata Cristina do Carmo Almeida, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, Diego Monteiro de Melo Lucena, Francisco Winter Dos Santos Figueiredo, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Laércio da Silva Paiva, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Adami
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the evolution of patients subject to physical treatment based on guidelines of functional rehabilitation after surgery anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: This is a prospective study of 177 patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury, who underwent surgery and physical therapy guideline conducted in an orthopedic clinic in São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. The clinical evolution of patients was made according to Lysholm and IKDC questionnaire on the 1st day after surgery with 30, 90 and 180 days of treatment...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Konstantinos Fousekis, Evdokia Billis, Charalampos Matzaroglou, Konstantinos Mylonas, Constantinos Koutsojannis, Elias Tsepis
CONTEXT: Elastic bandages are commonly used in sports to treat and prevent sports injuries. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of elastic bandaging in orthopedic and sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), with key words 'elastic bandaging' in combination, respectively, with (1) first aid, (2) sports injuries, (3) orthopedic injuries and (4) sports injuries prevention and rehabilitation...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sean Lai Wei Hong, Camelia Tang Qian Ying, Lynn Thwin, Gowreeson Thevendran
The primary aim of the present study was to examine the time required and the ability of a consecutive series of patients undergoing open calcaneoplasty with reattachment of the Achilles tendon to return to their preoperative level of sporting activity. The secondary aim was to evaluate the functional outcomes and complication profile of this procedure. Open calcaneoplasty was performed on 22 feet (14 left [63.6%] and 8 right [36.4%]) in 22 consecutive patients, with a mean age of 55.28 ± 9.17 years. The mean postoperative follow-up time was 21...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ahmet Akgül, Musa Cirak, Tansu Birinci
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentrated preparation of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma that is characterized by hemostatic and tissue-repairing effects. Being enriched by various kinds of growth factors, and their tissue-repairing effects have made them the focus of attention for use in tissue regeneration. PRP has been safely used and documented in many different fields, including orthopedics, sports injuries, dental and periodontal surgery, and cosmetic, plastic, cardiovascular, general, and maxillofacial surgery...
September 6, 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
Benedict Nwachukwu, Michael Gaudiani, Jennifer Hammann-Scala, Anil Ranawat
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to apply an arthroscopic shoulder and knee checklist in the evaluation of orthopedic resident arthroscopic skill efficiency and to demonstrate the use of a surgical checklist for assessing resident surgical efficiency over the course of a surgical rotation. METHODS: Orthopedic surgery residents rotating on the sports medicine service at our institution between 2011 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. Residents were administered a shoulder and knee arthroscopy assessment tool at the beginning and end of their 6-week rotation...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Nathaniel E Helwig, K Alex Shorter, Ping Ma, Elizabeth T Hsiao-Wecksler
Cyclic biomechanical data are commonplace in orthopedic, rehabilitation, and sports research, where the goal is to understand and compare biomechanical differences between experimental conditions and/or subject populations. A common approach to analyzing cyclic biomechanical data involves averaging the biomechanical signals across cycle replications, and then comparing mean differences at specific points of the cycle. This pointwise analysis approach ignores the functional nature of the data, which can hinder one׳s ability to find subtle differences between experimental conditions and/or subject populations...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Ryan A Mlynarek, Andrew W Kuhn, Asheesh Bedi
The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions has become more prevalent in recent years. Current literature has exhibited that PRP injections are relatively safe and can potentially accelerate or augment the soft tissue healing process. This review presents the most current literature update on the use of PRP in the treatment of rotator cuff tears, osteoarthritis of the knee, ulnar collateral ligament tears, lateral epicondylitis, hamstring injuries, and Achilles tendinopathy...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Adam Anz
The orthopedic sports medicine profession experienced a pivotal shift with the acceptance and application of the arthroscope. The next leap forward will hinge on the acceptance, application, and regulation of biologic therapies, and a sentinel event will be the US Food and Drug Administration approval of a stem cell technology. While the arthroscope was developed in the hands of our sports medicine mentors, the current history of biologics has been mostly written by basic scientists. The baby steps of these technologies have involved benchtop laboratory studies and preclinical animal trials, clearly illustrating great potential...
July 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Naama Constantini, Gideon Mann
Sports Medicine is a relatively new subject in medicine and includes a variety of medical and paramedical fields. Although sports medicine is mistakenly thought to be mainly for sports professionals/athletes, it actually encompasses the entire population, including the active and non-active healthy populations, as well as the sick. Sports medicine also engages amateur sportsmen and strives to promote physical activity and quality of life in the general population. Hence, the field involves all ages from childhood to old age, aiming to preserve and support every person at every age...
June 2016: Harefuah
Bradley L Young, Lasun O Oladeji, Kyle Cichos, Brent Ponce
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of training physicians are using the Internet to gather information about graduate medical education programs. The content and accessibility of web sites that provide this information have been demonstrated to influence applicants' decisions. Assessments of orthopedic fellowship web sites including sports medicine, pediatrics, hand and spine have found varying degrees of accessibility and material. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accessibility and content of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) fellowship web sites (SEFWs)...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Rachel Patrick, Josh McGinty, Ann Lucado, Beth Collier
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears and associated Tommy Johns surgical intervention from excessive and poor quality pitching has increased immensely-with more college and professional pitchers undergoing the surgery in 2014 alone than in the 1990s as a whole.(1) Faulty mechanics developed at young ages are often well-engrained by the late adolescent years and the minimal healing ability of the largely avascular UCL often leads to delayed safe return to sport.(2). PURPOSE: The purpose of this case study was to describe an innovative, multimodal approach to conservative management of a chronic UCL injury in a college-aged baseball pitcher...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Markatos Konstantinos, Karaoglanis Georgios, Saropoulos Konstantinos, Tzagkarakis Georgios
Sports injuries have been a major issue in medicine, surgery, and especially in orthopedics since the classical antiquity era. The 20th century, with its progress and innovations, changed the general concept of treating these injuries forever. The purpose of this review is to show how innovations in surgery in the 20th century changed the rationale of treating sports injuries. In this historical review, we present innovations concerning fracture treatment, spine injury treatment, and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction related to sports injuries...
October 2016: Surgical Innovation
Mary R Newsome, Xiaoqi Li, Xiaodi Lin, Elisabeth A Wilde, Summer Ott, Brian Biekman, Jill V Hunter, Pramod K Dash, Brian A Taylor, Harvey S Levin
Recovery following sports-related concussion (SRC) is slower and often more complicated in young adolescent athletes than in collegiate players. Further, the clinical decision to return to play is currently based on symptoms and cognitive performance without direct knowledge of brain function. We tested the hypothesis that brain functional connectivity (FC) would be aberrant in recently concussed, asymptomatic athletes who had been cleared to return to play. A seed-based FC analysis measured the FC of the default mode network (DMN) (seeds = anterior cingulate cortex, posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), right lateral parietal cortex, and left lateral parietal cortex) 30 days after SRC in asymptomatic high school athletes cleared to return to play (n = 13) and was compared to the FC of high school athletes with orthopedic injury (OI) (n = 13)...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
R Roos
A process for accrediting postresident fellowships in orthopedic sports medicine may be in place by the middle of next year. But as currently formulated, the accreditation requirements would shut out fellowships that are not connected with a residency program.
April 1987: Physician and Sportsmedicine
(no author information available yet)
In brief: A group of radiologists and orthopedic surgeons discusses the use of x-rays, CAT scans, bone scans, arthrograms, and xeroradiograms in diagnosing sports injuries. Head, spine, knee, and ankle injuries, spleen ruptures, shoulder separations, and stress fractures are covered. The panelists agree that radiologists and sports physicians should maintain good working relationships so that examinations can be tailored to each athlete using the least number of films possible.
May 1981: Physician and Sportsmedicine
R Artal, M J Friedman, J L McNitt-Gray
In brief Pregnant women undergo anatomic and physiologic changes that make certain problems, such as low-back pain and fluid retention, almost inevitable. After discussing the diagnosis and treatment of common orthopedic problems, several experts recommend the sports that are safe for the pregnant woman and her unborn child.
September 1990: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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