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Resource utilization pediatric transport

Clay M Elswick, Deidre Wyrick, Lori A Gurien, Malik Rettiganti, Marie Gowen, Ambre' Pownall, Diaa Bahgat, R Todd Maxson, Eylem Öcal, Gregory W Albert
INTRODUCTION: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have provided benefit for severely injured patients. However, HEMS are likely overused for the transportation of both adult and pediatric trauma patients. In this study, we aim to evaluate the degree of overuse of helicopter as a mode of transport for head-injured children. In addition, we propose criteria that can be used to determine if a particular patient is suitable for air versus ground transport. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients who were transported to our facility for head injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jacob K Olson, Lisa A Deming, Denis R King, Terrence M Rager, Sarah Gartner, Natalie Huibregtse, R Lawrence Moss, Gail E Besner
BACKGROUND: Single visit surgery (SVS) consists of same-day pre-operative assessment and operation with telephone post-operative follow-up. This reduces family time commitment to 1 hospital trip rather than 2-3. We began SVS for ambulatory patients with clear surgical indications in 2013. We sought to determine family satisfaction, cost savings to families, and institutional financial feasibility of SVS. METHODS: SVS patients were compared to age/case matched conventional surgery (CS) patients...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Kimberly Fugok, Nicholas B Slamon
PURPOSE: Pediatric transport teams rely on communication to report patient data to medical command officers, who create care plans and determine disposition. Common destinations are the emergency department (ED), pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), or regular inpatient care area (RIPCA). Telephone report does not result in complete understanding of the patient's condition. Further workup in the ED is often required. Telemedicine allows the patient to be directly seen; parents to be interviewed; and laboratory studies, radiographs, and vital signs to be reviewed...
October 13, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Rupa Kapoor, Leslie Avendaño, Maria Antonieta Sandoval, Andrea T Cruz, Esther M Sampayo, Miguel A Soto, Elizabeth A Camp, Heather L Crouse
Background:Few data exist for referral processes in resource-limited settings. We utilized mixed-methods to evaluate the impact of a standardized algorithm and training module developed for locally identified needs in referral/counter-referral procedures between primary health centers (PHCs) and a Guatemalan referral hospital. Methods: PHC personnel and hospital physicians participated in surveys and focus groups pre-implementation and 3, 6, and 12 months post-implementation to evaluate providers' experience with the system...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Nicholas H Carter, Clint Leonard, Lisa Rae
The objectives of this study were to identify trends in preburn center care, assess needs for outreach and education efforts, and evaluate resource utilization with regard to referral criteria. We hypothesized that many transferred patients were discharged home after brief hospitalizations and without need for operation. Retrospective chart review was performed for all adult and pediatric transfers to our regional burn center from July 2012 to July 2014. Details of initial management including TBSA estimation, fluid resuscitation, and intubation status were recorded...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
David Nicholas, Bonnie Fleming-Carroll, Michele Durrant, Jonathan Hellmann
Respect for the ethnicity and cultural background of families are important components of health care delivery. However, the needs of new immigrants in pediatric care systems remain under-addressed in the literature. This study utilized a qualitative approach of interpretive description to elicit the pediatric health care experiences and needs of new immigrants to Canada, from the perspective of health care providers who worked extensively with newcomers. Two focus groups of multidisciplinary health care providers were conducted in a tertiary-level pediatric hospital...
May 2017: Social Work in Health Care
Corina Noje, Meghan L Bernier, Philomena M Costabile, Bruce L Klein, Sapna R Kudchadkar
OBJECTIVES: To present our single-center's experience with three palliative critical care transports home from the PICU for terminal extubation. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients transported between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014. SETTING: All cases were identified from our institutional pediatric transport database. PATIENTS: Patients were terminally ill children unable to separate from mechanical ventilation in the PICU, who were transported home for terminal extubation and end-of-life care according to their families' wishes...
January 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Francis J Real, Andrew F Beck, Jeanne R Spaulding, Heidi Sucharew, Melissa D Klein
Introduction Neighborhood location has been shown to impact childhood health and well-being. It follows that neighborhood context-the risks and assets present within a patient's neighborhood-may be an important consideration during provision of primary care. Pediatric residents often serve as the primary care physicians for high risk populations though are often unfamiliar with local neighborhoods. As such, education interventions that deepen residents' understanding of a patient's neighborhood context may allow for targeted care provision...
November 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Melissa A Bentley
OBJECTIVE: In the prehospital setting, helicopter air ambulances (HAAs) are used to bring advanced care to patients and reduce time to definitive care. Research related to emergency medical service (EMS) professionals' access to medical helicopters, protocols for HAA use, and prevalence of HAA transport for different patient types is sparse. Our first objective was to describe EMS professionals' access to HAA and the prevalence of written protocols regarding their use. Next, we looked at HAA use for specific patient types (trauma, nontraumatic chest pain, stroke, and pediatric)...
November 2015: Air Medical Journal
Maria Michailidou, Seth D Goldstein, Jose Salazar, Jonathan Aboagye, Dylan Stewart, David Efron, Fizan Abdullah, Elliot R Haut
BACKGROUND: Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) have been designed to provide faster access to trauma center care in cases of life-threatening injury. However, the ideal recipient population is not fully characterized, and indications for helicopter transport in pediatric trauma vary dramatically by county, state, and region. Overtriage, or unnecessary utilization, can lead to additional patient risk and expense. In this study we perform a nationwide descriptive analysis of HEMS for pediatric trauma and assess the incidence of overtriage in this group...
November 2014: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Orgul D Ozturk, Suzanne McDermott, Joshua R Mann, James W Hardin, Julie A Royer, Lijing Ouyang
BACKGROUND: For people with muscular dystrophy (MD) health care access is crucial and utilization is expected to be high. A multidisciplinary approach is needed for optimal management of symptoms of this rare condition. Regular primary care, specialty care, therapy, and medicine use can improve quality of care and reduce need for emergency treatment and hospitalization. We analyzed health insurance and administrative data to test for racial disparities in regular care use among teenagers and young adults with MD...
October 2014: Medical Care
Rosemary Nabaweesi, Laura Morlock, Charles Lule, Susan Ziegfeld, Andrea Gielen, Paul M Colombani, Stephen M Bowman
PURPOSE: To examine the association of prehospital criteria with the appropriate level of trauma team activation (TTA) and emergency department (ED) disposition among injured children at a level I pediatric trauma center. METHODS: Injured children younger than 15 years and transported by emergency medical services (EMS) from the scene of injury between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011 were identified using the institution's trauma registry. Logistic regression was used to study the main outcomes of interest, full TTA (FTTA) and ED disposition...
November 2014: Pediatric Surgery International
Philip D Rowell, Paul Pincus, Megan White, Anthony C Smith
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is a patient consultation method commonly available to patients in rural and remote areas throughout Australia. Its use in paediatric orthopaedics has been rarely described. The primary aim of this study was to identify the patient cohort accessing the orthopaedic paediatric telehealth service through the Royal Children's Hospital Queensland, so as to better allocate this resource. The secondary aims were to identify the orthopaedic conditions the patients utilizing this service suffered and to follow-up on treatment outcomes to potentially assess clinical benefit...
December 2014: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Stephanie J Fessler, Harold K Simon, Arthur H Yancey, Michael Colman, Daniel A Hirsh
INTRODUCTION: The use of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) for low-acuity pediatric problems is well documented. Attempts have been made to curb potentially unnecessary transports, including using EMS dispatch protocols, shown to predict acuity and needs of adults. However, there are limited data about this in children. The primary objective of this study is to determine the pediatric emergency department (PED) resource utilization (surrogate of acuity level) for pediatric patients categorized as "low-acuity" by initial EMS protocols...
March 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Meredith J Sorensen, Friedrich M von Recklinghausen, Gwendolyn Fulton, Kenneth W Burchard
IMPORTANCE: Unnecessary interfacility transfer of minimally injured patients to a level I trauma center (secondary overtriage) can cause inefficient use of resources and personnel within a regional trauma system. OBJECTIVE: To describe the burden of secondary overtriage in a rural trauma system with a single level I trauma center. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of institutional trauma registry data. SETTING: Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, a rural level I trauma center...
August 2013: JAMA Surgery
Amy H Kaji, Genevieve Santillanes, Ilene Claudius, Manoj K Mittal, Katie Hayes, Jumie Lee, Marianne Gausche-Hill
BACKGROUND: Some emergency medical services (EMS) systems transport infants with an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) directly to hospitals capable of pediatric critical care (PCC) monitoring. OBJECTIVE: To describe factors identifiable by EMS providers that distinguish ALTE patients who may require PCC monitoring and management. METHODS: This was an observational analysis of ALTE patients who were transported by EMS and presented to four emergency departments (EDs)...
July 2013: Prehospital Emergency Care
Nicole E Leahy, Roger W Yurt, Eliot J Lazar, Alfred A Villacara, Angela C Rabbitts, Laurence Berger, Carri Chan, Laurence Chertoff, Kathe M Conlon, Arthur Cooper, Linda V Green, Bruce Greenstein, Yina Lu, Susan Miller, Frank P Mineo, Darrin Pruitt, Daniel S Ribaudo, Chris Ruhren, Steven H Silber, Lewis Soloff
Since its inception in 2006, the New York City (NYC) Task Force for Patients with Burns has continued to develop a city-wide and regional response plan that addressed the triage, treatment, transportation of 50/million (400) adult and pediatric victims for 3 to 5 days after a large-scale burn disaster within NYC until such time that a burn center bed and transportation could be secured. The following presents updated recommendations on these planning efforts. Previously published literature, project deliverables, and meeting documents for the period of 2009-2010 were reviewed...
September 2012: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Scott G Weiner, Ronald P Ruffing, Brien A Barnewolt
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric patients in the emergency department (ED) are typically seen either by general emergency physicians (EPs) or by pediatric emergency physicians (PEPs) who have completed either a fellowship in pediatric emergency medicine or both pediatric and emergency medicine residencies. This study evaluates admission rates, turnaround times, and test and medication utilization for EPs versus PEPs. METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis was conducted at an academic tertiary care hospital with a dedicated pediatric ED...
September 2012: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jill S Sweney, W Bradley Poss, Colin K Grissom, Heather T Keenan
OBJECTIVE: A pediatric triage tool is needed during times of resource scarcity to optimize critical care utilization. This study compares the modified sequential organ failure assessment score (M-SOFA), the Pediatric Early Warning System (PEWS) score, the Pediatric Risk of Admission Score II (PRISA-II), and physician judgment to predict the need for pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) interventions. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluates three illness severity scores for all non-neonatal pediatric patients transported and admitted to a single center in 2006...
June 2012: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Praveen Khilnani, Rajiv Chhabra
Safe transport of critically ill children remains a globally important issue, particularly in the developing countries such as India and Africa where the high risk mortality and morbidity exists during the transport process that may be less than optimal due to personnel and resource limitation. This article is intended to familiarize the reader with essential components of a good ground pediatric critical care transport program with special reference to developing countries. Essential equipment, medications, training requirement and responsibilities of transport team have been discussed in detail...
June 2008: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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