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Pediatric Specialty Transport

Michael T Bartenfeld, Stephanie E Griese, Steven E Krug, Joanne Andreadis, Georgina Peacock
A timely and effective response to public health threats requires a broad-reaching infrastructure. Children's hospitals are focused on evaluating and managing some of the most vulnerable patients and thus have unique preparedness and response planning needs. A virtual forum was established specifically for children's hospitals during the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak, and it demonstrated the importance and utility of connecting these specialty hospitals to discuss their shared concerns. Developing a successful children's hospital response network could build the national infrastructure for addressing children's needs in preparedness and response and for enhancing preparedness and response to high-consequence pathogens...
January 2017: Health Security
Sarah E Velasquez, Enrique Chaves-Carballo, Eve-Lynn Nelson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2.7 million individuals in the United States are affected by epilepsy. It is the fourth most common neurological disorder and affects people of all ages, races, and economic backgrounds. In many rural states, the few pediatric neurologists commonly practice in the metropolitan areas. The inadequate resources present challenges for families residing in rural areas or with limited transportation resources. One remedy for this situation is to deliver pediatric neurology services to rural areas through videoconferencing...
November 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Jessica F Magidson, Risa B Weisberg
This article is an introduction to the second issue of a two-part Special Series on integrating cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) into medical settings. The first issue focused on integrating CBT into primary care, and this issue focuses on implementing CBT in other specialty medical settings, including cancer treatment, HIV care, and specialized pediatric medical clinics. Models for treatment delivery to improve ease of implementation are also discussed, including telehealth and home-delivered treatment. The six articles in this series provide examples of how to transport CBT techniques that are largely designed for implementation in outpatient mental health settings to specialized medical settings, and discuss unique considerations and recommendations for implementation...
November 2014: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
Michael T Bigham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Michael T Meyer, Theresa A Mikhailov, Evelyn M Kuhn, Maureen M Collins, Matthew C Scanlon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if pediatric specialty pediatric team (SPT) interfacility-transported children from community emergency departments to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) have improved 48-hour mortality. METHODS: This is a multicenter, historic cohort analysis of the VPS, LLC PICU clinical database (VPS, LLC, Los Angeles, CA) for all PICU directly admitted pediatric patients ≤ 18 years of age from January 1, 2007, to March 31, 2009...
March 2016: Air Medical Journal
Ian K White, Ecaterina Pestereva, Kashif A Shaikh, Daniel H Fulkerson
OBJECTIVE Children with skull fractures are often transferred to hospitals with pediatric neurosurgical capabilities. Historical data suggest that a small percentage of patients with an isolated skull fracture will clinically decline. However, recent papers have suggested that the risk of decline in certain patients is low. There are few data regarding the financial costs associated with transporting patients at low risk for requiring specialty care. In this study, the clinical outcomes and financial costs of transferring of a population of children with isolated skull fractures to a Level 1 pediatric trauma center over a 9-year period were analyzed...
May 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Gregory Hansen, Jeff K Vallance
BACKGROUND: Ventilation monitoring practice for intubated pediatric patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) during interfacility transport (IFT) has not been well documented. We describe the difference of practices in ventilation monitoring during IFT from the perspective of a level I pediatric trauma center with an enormous catchment area. METHODS: Patients admitted between July 2008 and September 2013 at Winnipeg Health Science Center, Canada, were examined in this retrospective chart review...
December 2015: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Marc Eckstein, Shira A Schlesinger, Stephen Sanko
BACKGROUND: With the increasing development of regional specialty centers, emergency physicians are often confronted with patients needing definitive care unavailable at their hospital. Interfacility transports (IFTs) may be a useful option to ensure timely, definitive patient care. However, since traditional IFT can be a challenging and time-consuming process, some EMS agencies that have previously limited their service to 9-1-1 emergency responses are now performing emergency IFTs. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the frequency and nature of transfers provided by a local fire-based 9-1-1 EMS agency that recently began to provide limited IFT for time-critical emergencies...
2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
Amee M Bigelow, M David Gothard, Hamilton P Schwartz, Michael T Bigham
BACKGROUND: There are nearly 200,000 US infants/children transported annually for specialty care and there are no published best practices in transport intubation. OBJECTIVE: Respiratory interventions are a priority in pediatric and neonatal critical care transport (PNCCT). A recent Delphi study identified intubation performance as an important PNCCT quality metric, though data are insufficient. The objective of the study is to determine multi-center rates of first attempt intubation success in pediatric/neonatal transport and identify practice processes associated with higher performing centers...
July 2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
Crystal N Joyce, Rachel Libertin, Michael T Bigham
OBJECTIVE: Family-centered care (FCC) in medicine highlights mutually beneficial partnerships among providers, patients, and families. In the field of specialty pediatric critical care transport (SPCCT), FCC includes family presence during transport. We sought to describe family presence and family/staff perspectives of FCC in transport. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved study established family presence rates among 5 SPCCT teams. At the top-performing family presence team, parents of transported children were interviewed...
January 2015: Air Medical Journal
Makoto Ando, Yukihiro Takahashi, In-Sam Park, Hitonobu Tomoike
BACKGROUND: There is currently a well-established network for the allocation of donor organs for transplantation in Japan, and emergency patients are often transported by the "Doctor Helicopter". However, interhospital transfer of patients, which can require aircraft with specialized equipment, depends on arrangement by each responsible hospital. METHODS AND RESULTS: Since 2009 there were 41 interhospital aviation transfers of pediatric patients with intractable cardiac or airway diseases seeking surgical treatment at Sakakibara Heart Institute...
2015: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Kristen A Smith, M David Gothard, Hamilton P Schwartz, John S Giuliano, Michael Forbes, Michael T Bigham
Abstract Objective. Nearly 200,000 pediatric and neonatal transports occur in the United States each year with some patients requiring tracheal intubation. First-pass intubation rates in both pediatric and adult transport literature are variable as are the factors that influence intubation success. This study sought to determine risk factors for failed tracheal intubation in neonatal and pediatric transport. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed over a 2.5-year period. Data were collected from a hospital-based neonatal/pediatric critical care transport team that transports 2,500 patients annually, serving 12,000 square miles...
January 2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
Lara D Vogel, Hurnan Vongsachang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, James F Holmes, James M Holmes, John Sherck, Christopher Newton, Peter D'Souza, David A Spain, N Ewen Wang
BACKGROUND: Due to the scarcity of specialized resources for pediatric trauma, "regionalization," or a system designed to get "the right child, to the right place, at the right time," is vital to quality pediatric trauma care. In Northern California, four pediatric trauma centers serve 3.9 million children within a geographically diverse area of 113,630 square miles. A significant proportion of children with trauma is initially triaged to nontrauma hospitals and may require subsequent transfer to a specialty center...
September 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Orgul D Ozturk, Suzanne McDermott, Joshua R Mann, James W Hardin, Julie A Royer, Lijing Ouyang
BACKGROUND: For people with muscular dystrophy (MD) health care access is crucial and utilization is expected to be high. A multidisciplinary approach is needed for optimal management of symptoms of this rare condition. Regular primary care, specialty care, therapy, and medicine use can improve quality of care and reduce need for emergency treatment and hospitalization. We analyzed health insurance and administrative data to test for racial disparities in regular care use among teenagers and young adults with MD...
October 2014: Medical Care
Elizabeth Schierholz
Therapeutic hypothermia as a neuroprotective strategy in neonates is an established standard of care for infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in tertiary care neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). To maximize the neuroprotective effect in infants with HIE, hypothermia is initiated as soon as possible after birth. Many infants who would benefit from therapeutic hypothermia are not born at centers that have intensive care units or offer therapeutic hypothermia and are thus transported to a tertiary care center with a NICU, offering specialty services of therapeutic hypothermia and pediatric neurology...
October 2014: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Crystal N Joyce, John S Giuliano, Michael D Gothard, Hamilton P Schwartz, Michael T Bigham
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe a single center's experience with specialized critical care transport from non-hospital settings, including primary care offices and urgent care centers. We hypothesized that the majority of patients will require procedures outside the scope of practice of most EMS providers and will be better served by specialized pediatric critical care transport (SPCCT) teams. METHODS: This study sought to retrospectively evaluate instances where children (0-18 years old) were transported by our SPCCT team from nonhospital settings, including primary care offices and urgent care centers, in 2009 and 2010...
March 2014: Air Medical Journal
Jennifer F Anders, Kathleen Adelgais, John D Hoyle, Cody Olsen, David M Jaffe, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Pediatric cervical spine injury is rare. As a result, evidence-based guidance for prehospital triage of children with suspected cervical spine injuries is limited. The effects of transport time and secondary transfer for specialty care have not previously been examined in the subset of children with cervical spine injuries. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine if prehospital destination choice affects outcomes for children with cervical spine injuries...
January 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Tiago Cravo Oliveira, Steffen Bayer, Luís Gonçalves, James Barlow
Alentejo covers a third of Portugal, yet it is home to only 5% of the population. Residents of the region are poorer, older, and less educated than the rest of the country. There is a shortage of physicians in several specialties. The low population density, a concentration of specialized services, and a poor public transportation network all create barriers to access. Telemedicine was introduced in 1998 to help address these challenges. In this article, we provide an overview of the program and its current status, focusing on infrastructure, services, and activity volume...
January 2014: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Michael T Bigham, Hamilton P Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: The transport of neonatal and pediatric patients to tertiary care medical centers for specialized care demands monitoring the quality of care delivered during transport and its impact on patient outcomes. Accurate assessment of quality indicators and patient outcomes requires the use of a standard language permitting comparisons among transport programs. No consensus exists on a set of quality metrics for benchmarking transport teams. The aim of this project was to achieve consensus on appropriate neonatal and pediatric transport quality metrics...
June 2013: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Erik R Barthel, James R Pierce, Allison L Speer, Daniel E Levin, Catherine J Goodhue, Henri R Ford, Tracy C Grikscheit, Jeffrey S Upperman
BACKGROUND: Disasters occur randomly and can severely tax the health care delivery system of affected and surrounding regions. A significant proportion of disaster survivors are children, who have unique medical, psychosocial, and logistical needs after a mass casualty event. Children are often transported to specialty centers after disasters for a higher level of pediatric care, but this can also lead to separation of these survivors from their families. In a recent theoretical article, we showed that the availability of a pediatric trauma center after a mass casualty event would decrease the time needed to definitively treat the pediatric survivor cohort and decrease pediatric mortality...
September 2013: Journal of Surgical Research
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