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Muscle dysmorphia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728801/-muscle-dysmorphia-and-use-of-ergogenics-substances-a-systematic-review
#1
Jaime García-Rodríguez, Georgina Alvarez-Rayón, Jaime Camacho-Ruíz, Adriana Amaya-Hernández, Juan Manuel Mancilla-Díaz
The use of ergogenic substances (UES) is not restricted to achieving a better athletic performance, but also it is a behavior for body changing through muscle development; however, little is known about the relationship between muscle dysmorphia (MD) and UES. Therefore, it was conducted a systematic review of those empirical papers that have studied this relationship over the last decade (2004-2014). First it is highlighted that of the 22 articles analyzed, only 13 explicitly aimed this interest. Besides, although the documented data outlined some relevant aspects such as the existence of a high co-occurrence (60-90%) between MD and UES...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646788/muscle-dysmorphia-and-psychopathology-findings-from-an-italian-sample-of-male-bodybuilders
#2
Claudio Longobardi, Laura Elvira Prino, Matteo Angelo Fabris, Michele Settanni
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the risk of muscle dysmorphia and psychopathological symptoms in an Italian sample of male bodybuilders. METHOD: The sample was recruited online (145 men with a mean age of 30.0 years) and participants were asked to fill out the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI), Symptom Cheklist-90-R (SCL-90-R), Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES-II), and to provide other socio-demographic data. Bodybuilders at risk of muscle dysmorphia display greater global psychopathology and present higher scores on all SCL-90-R dimensions when compared to bodybuilders not at risk of muscle dysmorphia...
June 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619103/effects-of-muscle-dysmorphia-social-comparisons-and-body-schema-priming-on-desire-for-social-interaction-an-experimental-approach
#3
Catharina Schneider, Maria Agthe, Takuya Yanagida, Martin Voracek, Kristina Hennig-Fast
BACKGROUND: Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a relatively young diagnosis referring to the desire for a high degree in lean muscle mass, while simultaneously believing that one is insufficiently muscular, mostly found in men. It goes along with a risk for social withdrawal to maintain rigid exercise and dietary regimen. The aim of the current study was thus, to explore differences in men with and without a risk for muscle dysmorphia regarding their desire for social interaction. Furthermore, we investigated potential effects of individual social comparison tendencies (the tendency to compare oneself with persons who are perceived to be superior or inferior to oneself on a certain dimension) and of one's own body schema on the desire for social interaction...
June 15, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541768/sex-differences-in-the-presentation-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescents
#4
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Of 3,149 adolescents assessed using self-report questionnaires, 162 (5...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535445/correlates-of-muscle-dysmorphia-symptomatology-in-natural-bodybuilders-distinguishing-factors-in-the-pursuit-of-hyper-muscularity
#5
Lachlan Mitchell, Stuart B Murray, Matthew Hoon, Daniel Hackett, Tania Prvan, Helen O'Connor
Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Sixty participants (age 29.6±7.1 years) completed the survey...
May 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492953/muscle-dysmorphia-detection-of-the-use-abuse-of-anabolic-adrogenic-steroids-in-a-spanish-sample
#6
Irene González-Martí, Juan Gregorio Fernández-Bustos, Onofre Ricardo Contreras Jordán, Marina Sokolova
Debido a una distorsión en la imagen corporal, las personas que padecen Dismorfia Muscular se perciben menos musculosas de lo que son en realidad. Con el fin de aumentar su musculatura, algunas de estas personas hacen uso de hormonas cuya función principal es la del aumento del tamaño muscular. Por lo que el objetivo de este estudio es conocer la prevalencia del uso de hormonas en personas afectadas por Dismorfia Muscular. 562 hombres y 172 mujeres fisicoculturistas y levantadores de pesas, a los que se le administraron diferentes cuestionarios para conocer, primero si padecían el trastorno, y después en qué porcentaje usaban hormonas la muestra afectada...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481431/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-body-project-more-than-muscles-for-men-with-body-dissatisfaction
#7
Tiffany A Brown, K Jean Forney, Dennis Pinner, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Pressures for men to conform to a lean, muscular ideal have, in part, contributed to eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia symptoms, yet few programs have been developed and empirically evaluated to help men. This study investigated the acceptability and efficacy of a cognitive dissonance-based (DB) intervention in reducing eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia risk factors in men with body dissatisfaction. METHOD: Men were randomized to a two-session DB intervention (n = 52) or a waitlist control condition (n = 60)...
August 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341956/improvement-on-the-neo-umbilicoplasty-technique-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Valderi Vieira da Silva Júnior, Francis Régis Soares de Sousa
INTRODUCTION: The umbilicus is an important component of body esthetics, and its absence or dysmorphia may give rise to psychological discomfort, making it a common concern in surgical planning. Many techniques of umbilicus reconstruction have been proposed, each with its own limitations in terms of esthetics, risk of stenosis or final positioning. Reconstruction techniques may involve skin grafting, cartilage, purse-string suture and flaps. One of the most promising approaches is scarless neo-umbilicoplasty...
June 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255662/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-muscle-appearance-satisfaction-scale-in-a-mexican-male-sample
#9
María Del Consuelo Escoto Ponce de León, Lilián Elizabeth Bosques-Brugada, Esteban Jaime Camacho Ruiz, Georgina Alvarez-Rayón, Karina Franco Paredes, Gabriela Rodríguez Hernández
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the muscle appearance satisfaction scale (MASS) shows acceptable psychometric properties in Mexican bodybuilders. METHODS: A total of 258 Mexican male bodybuilders were recruited. Two self-report questionnaires, including the MASS and drive for muscularity scale (DMS), were administered. Six models of the latent structure of the MASS were evaluated, using confirmatory factor analysis with maximum likelihood, considering robust Satorra-Bentler correction to estimate the fit of the models to the data...
March 2, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241484/mrna-quantification-of-nipbl-isoforms-a-and-b-in-adult-and-fetal-human-tissues-and-a-potentially-pathological-variant-affecting-only-isoform-a-in-two-patients-with-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome
#10
Beatriz Puisac, María-Esperanza Teresa-Rodrigo, María Hernández-Marcos, Carolina Baquero-Montoya, María-Concepción Gil-Rodríguez, Torkild Visnes, Christopher Bot, Paulino Gómez-Puertas, Frank J Kaiser, Feliciano J Ramos, Lena Ström, Juan Pié
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a congenital developmental disorder characterized by craniofacial dysmorphia, growth retardation, limb malformations, and intellectual disability. Approximately 60% of patients with CdLS carry a recognizable pathological variant in the NIPBL gene, of which two isoforms, A and B, have been identified, and which only differ in the C-terminal segment. In this work, we describe the distribution pattern of the isoforms A and B mRNAs in tissues of adult and fetal origin, by qPCR (quantitative polymerase chain reaction)...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071712/independent-aftereffects-of-fat-and-muscle-implications-for-neural-encoding-body-space-representation-and-body-image-disturbance
#11
Daniel Sturman, Ian D Stephen, Jonathan Mond, Richard J Stevenson, Kevin R Brooks
Although research addressing body size misperception has focused on socio-cognitive processes, such as internalization of the "ideal" images of bodies in the media, the perceptual basis of this phenomenon remains largely unknown. Further, most studies focus on body size per se even though this depends on both fat and muscle mass - variables that have very different relationships with health. We tested visual adaptation as a mechanism for inducing body fat and muscle mass misperception, and assessed whether these two dimensions of body space are processed independently...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989453/the-transition-from-thinness-oriented-to-muscularity-oriented-disordered-eating-in-adolescent-males-a-clinical-observation
#12
Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Jonathan M Mond
PURPOSE: Robust empirical evidence has illustrated a rising prevalence of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating among males, noting that both may be oriented more toward muscularity-as opposed to thinness-oriented concerns. While an elevated prevalence of premorbid anorexia nervosa (AN) has been noted among those with muscle dysmorphia, little evidence has examined the process of this transition from thinness-oriented to muscularity-oriented disordered eating. METHODS: This clinical observation presents a case of AN in an adolescent male, whose symptom presentation transitioned during the course of treatment for AN, into more muscularity-oriented disordered eating...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957470/body-image-dissatisfaction-vs-muscle-dysmorphia
#13
Andrés Wiegering-Rospigliosi, Jamil Poletti-Jabbour, Reneé Pereyraelías
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584280/muscle-dysmorphia-comparisons-between-high-intensity-functional-training-and-traditional-strength-training-environments-1124-board-7-june-1-3-15-pm-5-15-pm
#14
Michelle Bubnis, Jason K Crandall, Mark Schafer, Frederick Grieve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536165/muscle-dysmorphia-current-insights
#15
REVIEW
David Tod, Christian Edwards, Ieuan Cranswick
Since 1997, there has been increasing research focusing on muscle dysmorphia, a condition underpinned by people's beliefs that they have insufficient muscularity, in both the Western and non-Western medical and scientific communities. Much of this empirical interest has surveyed nonclinical samples, and there is limited understanding of people with the condition beyond knowledge about their characteristics. Much of the existing knowledge about people with the condition is unsurprising and inherent in the definition of the disorder, such as dissatisfaction with muscularity and adherence to muscle-building activities...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513505/-not-available
#16
Hellen Clair Garcez Nabuco, Vanessa Behrends Rodrigues, Vânia Letícia Souza Fernandes, Fabrício César De Paula Ravagnani, Carlos Alexandre Fett, Mariano Martínez Espinosa, Christianne de Faria Coelho Ravagnani
BACKGROUND: Many factors can influence an athlete to consume dietary supplements, such as age, sex and sports, among others. Few studies regarding the prevalence and associated factors are available for athletes, especially in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the factors associated with the consumption of dietary supplements among Brazilian athletes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 182 athletes of both sexes...
June 30, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408719/epidemiology-of-eating-disorders-eating-disordered-behaviour-and-body-image-disturbance-in-males-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Deborah Mitchison, Jonathan Mond
Challenges to epidemiological studies of eating and related body image disturbance disorders in males include, in addition to low base rates and the predominance of residual diagnostic categories, the female-centric nature of current classification schemes and the consequent lack of appropriate assessment instruments. In this narrative review, we summarise epidemiological data regarding the prevalence and correlates of eating disorders, related body image disturbance disorders, and eating disorder features in males...
2015: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364377/anabolic-steroid-use-and-body-image-psychopathology-in-men-delineating-between-appearance-versus-performance-driven-motivations
#18
Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Jonathan M Mond, Joseph Kean, Aaron J Blashill
OBJECTIVE: Anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) use has been robustly associated with negative body image, and eating- and muscularity-oriented psychopathology. However, with AAS being increasingly utilized for both appearance and athletic performance-related purposes, we investigated whether comorbid body image psychopathology varies as a function of motivation for usage. METHOD: Self-reported motivation for current and initial AAS use was recorded amongst 122 AAS using males, alongside measures of current disordered eating and muscle dysmorphia psychopathology...
August 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361706/muscle-dysmorphia-symptoms-in-bodybuilders-and-non-bodybuilder-resistance-trainers-and-associated-psychological-characteristics-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-3137-board-202-june-3-2-00-pm-3-30-pm
#19
Lachlan Mitchell, Stephen Cobley, Daniel Hackett, Janelle Gifford, Louise Capling, Stuart Murray, Helen O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337621/the-role-of-sociocultural-influences-on-symptoms-of-muscle-dysmorphia-and-eating-disorders-in-men-and-the-mediating-effects-of-perfectionism
#20
Rachel Dryer, Melissa Farr, Izumi Hiramatsu, Stephanie Quinton
This study examined the mediating role of self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism in the relationship between sociocultural influences (i.e., media, peer, and teasing) and symptoms of muscle dysmorphia (MD) and eating disorders (ED). A nonclinical sample of males (N = 158, Mage = 26.94, SD = 5.50) completed measures of perfectionism, MD, body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and bulimia. Susceptibility to appearance-based messages from the media, their peers, and family was also measured. Analyses confirmed the partial mediating role of self-oriented perfectionism only for drive for thinness...
July 2016: Behavioral Medicine
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