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M Jesús Cerecedo Pérez, Margarita Tovar Bobo, Aurora Rozadilla Arias
The power of medicine has lately enhanced the idea of medicalizing any aspects of life that can be perceived as medical problems. Medicine sometimes creates false needs and there is nowadays an increasing number of situations are medicalized with the pretext of treating fake diseases such as spring fatigue, shyness o natural biological processes like menopause. Despite the better life conditions, we now attend more people that complain about discomfort that may have more to do with «feeling sick» than with authentic disease...
December 2013: Atencion Primaria
Nadir Contesini, Fernando Adami, Márcia de-Toledo Blake, Carlos B Monteiro, Luiz C Abreu, Vitor E Valenti, Fernando S Almeida, Alexandre P Luciano, Marco A Cardoso, Jucemar Benedet, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos, Claudio Leone, Deivis Elton Frainer
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify dietary strategies for physically active individuals with muscle dysmorphia based on a systematic literature review. METHOD: References were included if the study population consisted of adults over 18 years old who were physically active in fitness centers. We identified reports through an electronic search ofScielo, Lilacs and Medline using the following keywords: muscle dysmorphia, vigorexia, distorted body image, and exercise. We found eight articles in Scielo, 17 in Medline and 12 in Lilacs...
May 26, 2013: International Archives of Medicine
Edio Luiz Petroski, Andreia Pelegrini, Maria Fátima Glaner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of body image (BI) dissatisfaction in adolescents. The study enrolled 641 adolescents aged 11 to 17 from the town of Saudades, Santa Catarina, Brazil. The prevalence of BI dissatisfaction was 60.4% (males = 54.5%, females = 65.7%; p < 0.05). Boys were more likely to wish to increase the size of their body silhouette (26.4%) while girls wished to reduce theirs (52.4%). Adolescents from urban areas manifested greater prevalence of BI dissatisfaction and were more likely to want to reduce their body silhouette...
April 2012: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Rosa Behar, Daniela Molinari
BACKGROUND: Muscle dysmorphia or vigorexia is a disorder in which a person becomes obsessed with the idea that he or she is not muscular enough. AIM: To assess physical exercise, eating behaviors and the presence of muscle dysmorphia among weightlifters and medical students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross sectional evaluation of 88 male weightlifters aged 27 ± 7 years and 84 male medical students aged 22 ± 1 year was made. Eating behaviors were evaluated using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40) and the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI)...
November 2010: Revista Médica de Chile
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