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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712590/intelligence-is-associated-with-voluntary-disclosure-in-child-sexual-abuse-victims
#1
Seung Min Bae, Jae Myeong Kang, In Cheol Hwang, Hyeongrae Cho, Seong-Jin Cho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was (1) to determine whether intelligence level is associated with the pattern of the disclosure and (2) to elucidate which, between the verbal and performance intelligence, better reflect the pattern of disclosure in child and adolescent sexual abuse victims. METHODS: Data were collected on 162 participants who visited a public center for sexually abused children and adolescents between January 2013 and December 2014. Demographic information, case characteristics, and disclosure pattern as well as intelligence quotients (IQs) of subjects were gathered...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711986/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-associated-with-reading-ability-show-connection-to-socio-economic-outcomes
#2
Michelle Luciano, Saskia P Hagenaars, Simon R Cox, William David Hill, Gail Davies, Sarah E Harris, Ian J Deary, David M Evans, Nicholas G Martin, Margaret J Wright, Timothy C Bates
Impairments in reading and in language have negative consequences on life outcomes, but it is not known to what extent genetic effects influence this association. We constructed polygenic scores for difficulties with language and learning to read from genome-wide data in ~6,600 children, adolescents and young adults, and tested their association with health, socioeconomic outcomes and brain structure measures collected in adults (maximal N = 111,749). Polygenic risk of reading difficulties was associated with reduced income, educational attainment, self-rated health and verbal-numerical reasoning (p < 0...
July 15, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711423/randomized-trial-of-intelligent-sensor-system-for-early-illness-alerts-in-senior-housing
#3
Marilyn Rantz, Lorraine J Phillips, Colleen Galambos, Kari Lane, Gregory L Alexander, Laurel Despins, Richelle J Koopman, Marjorie Skubic, Lanis Hicks, Steven Miller, Andy Craver, Bradford H Harris, Chelsea B Deroche
OBJECTIVES: Measure the clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of using sensor data from an environmentally embedded sensor system for early illness recognition. This sensor system has demonstrated in pilot studies to detect changes in function and in chronic diseases or acute illnesses on average 10 days to 2 weeks before usual assessment methods or self-reports of illness. DESIGN: Prospective intervention study in 13 assisted living (AL) communities of 171 residents randomly assigned to intervention (n=86) or comparison group (n=85) receiving usual care...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710590/the-relationship-of-children-s-intelligence-quotient-and-blood-lead-and-zinc-levels-a-meta-analysis-and-system-review
#4
Yu Wu, Jiantao Sun, Minsheng Wang, Guangxia Yu, Liping Yu, Chunhong Wang
The purpose of this study was to analyze the existing studies and to investigate the relationship between children's full-scale intelligence quotient (FIQ), verbal IQ (VIQ), and performance IQ (PIQ) and their blood lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) levels. All documents in Chinese and English were collected from the PubMed, Web of Science, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases from inception date to December 30, 2016. RevMan software (version 5.2) was used for the meta-analysis and Stata software (version 12...
July 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707956/use-of-the-21-item-test-with-children-and-adolescents-5-to-16-years-of-age
#5
Joseph J Ryan, Jennifer L Blacksmith, David S Kreiner, Laura Glass Umfleet
The goals of the present study were to: (a) collect preliminary normative data on the 21-Item Test in children and adolescents and to determine if cutoffs for biased responding in adults can be generalized to a younger population; (b) determine if Caucasian and Hispanic children perform differently on the test; and (c) ascertain the relationships of age and verbal intelligence with effort test performance. The 21-Item Test was administered to 153 children attending either a public (n = 96) or private (n = 57) school...
July 14, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701976/a-latent-factor-analysis-of-working-memory-measures-using-large-scale-data
#6
Otto Waris, Anna Soveri, Miikka Ahti, Russell C Hoffing, Daniel Ventus, Susanne M Jaeggi, Aaron R Seitz, Matti Laine
Working memory (WM) is a key cognitive system that is strongly related to other cognitive domains and relevant for everyday life. However, the structure of WM is yet to be determined. A number of WM models have been put forth especially by factor analytical studies. In broad terms, these models vary by their emphasis on WM contents (e.g., visuospatial, verbal) vs. WM processes (e.g., maintenance, updating) as critical, dissociable elements. Here we conducted confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses on a broad set of WM tasks, half of them numerical-verbal and half of them visuospatial, representing four commonly used task paradigms: simple span, complex span, running memory, and n-back...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698501/energy-harvesting-based-body-area-networks-for-smart-health
#7
Yixue Hao, Limei Peng, Huimin Lu, Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, Atif Alamri
Body area networks (BANs) are configured with a great number of ultra-low power consumption wearable devices, which constantly monitor physiological signals of the human body and thus realize intelligent monitoring. However, the collection and transfer of human body signals consume energy, and considering the comfort demand of wearable devices, both the size and the capacity of a wearable device's battery are limited. Thus, minimizing the energy consumption of wearable devices and optimizing the BAN energy efficiency is still a challenging problem...
July 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694614/environmental-arsenic-contamination-and-its-effect-on-intelligence-quotient-of-school-children-in-a-historic-gold-mining-area-hutti-north-karnataka-india-a-pilot-study
#8
R Manju, Amitha M Hegde, Paul Parlees, Anisha Keshan
CONTEXT: Arsenic is a rare crystal element that naturally occurs in all environmental media. A combination of regional and site-specific biogeochemical and hydrological factors governs its dispersion in the environment. It has far reaching consequences on human health. Exposure to arsenic in drinking water has been associated with a decline in intellectual function in children. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between exposure to arsenic by drinking water and children's intelligence in Karnataka state, India...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691863/how-can-those-engaging-in-chemsex-best-be-supported-an-online-survey-to-gain-intelligence-in-greater-manchester
#9
Andrew Tomkins, Roberto Vivancos, Chris Ward, Merav Kliner
Reports of sexualised drug taking (chemsex) have increased significantly in recent years. There is currently limited intelligence on chemsex outside of London. An anonymous survey was promoted via several sources including voluntary services and a sexual health clinic in order to establish the risks associated with chemsex, and how support services can best be tailored to meet the needs of those in Greater Manchester, UK. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected on demographics, drug use, sexual practices and barriers and facilitators to accessing support...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686749/setting-research-priorities-for-maternal-newborn-child-health-and-nutrition-in-india-by-engaging-experts-from-256-indigenous-institutions-contributing-over-4000-research-ideas-a-chnri-exercise-by-icmr-and-inclen
#10
Narendra K Arora, Archisman Mohapatra, Hema S Gopalan, Kerri Wazny, Vasantha Thavaraj, Reeta Rasaily, Manoj K Das, Meenu Maheshwari, Rajiv Bahl, Shamim A Qazi, Robert E Black, Igor Rudan
BACKGROUND: Health research in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) is often driven by donor priorities rather than by the needs of the countries where the research takes place. This lack of alignment of donor's priorities with local research need may be one of the reasons why countries fail to achieve set goals for population health and nutrition. India has a high burden of morbidity and mortality in women, children and infants. In order to look forward toward the Sustainable Development Goals, the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the INCLEN Trust International (INCLEN) employed the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative's (CHNRI) research priority setting method for maternal, neonatal, child health and nutrition with the timeline of 2016-2025...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683424/prenatal-phenolic-compounds-exposure-and-neurobehavioral-development-at-2-and-7years-of-age
#11
Ching-Chun Lin, Chun-Ju Chien, Meng-Shan Tsai, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Pau-Chung Chen
BACKGROUND: Phenolic compounds such as bisphenol A (BPA), nonylphenol (NP), and octylphenol (OP) are known as endocrine-disrupting compounds and are commonly used. Their impacts on the neurodevelopment of children are inconclusive. The current study aims to investigate the association between umbilical cord blood levels of BPA, NP, OP and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 and 7years of age. METHODS: The study was based on the Taiwan Birth Panel Study, a prospective birth cohort...
July 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679899/intelligent-phonocardiography-for-screening-ventricular-septal-defect-using-time-growing-neural-network
#12
Arash Gharehbaghi, Amir A Sepehri, Maria Lindén, Ankica Babic
This paper presents results of a study on the applicability of the intelligent phonocardiography in discriminating between Ventricular Spetal Defect (VSD) and regurgitation of the atrioventricular valves. An original machine learning method, based on the Time Growing Neural Network (TGNN), is employed for classifying the phonocardiographic recordings collected from the pediatric referrals to a children hospital. 90 individuals, 30 VSD, 30 with the valvular regurgitation, and 30 healthy subjects, participated in the study after obtaining the informed consents...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674931/why-we-should-create-artificial-offspring-meaning-and-the-collective-afterlife
#13
John Danaher
This article argues that the creation of artificial offspring could make our lives more meaningful (i.e. satisfy more meaning-relevant conditions of value). By 'artificial offspring' I mean beings that we construct, with a mix of human and non-human-like qualities. Robotic artificial intelligences are paradigmatic examples of the form. There are two reasons for thinking that the creation of such beings could make our lives more meaningful and valuable. The first is that the existence of a collective afterlife-i...
July 3, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663569/lower-school-performance-in-late-chronotypes-underlying-factors-and-mechanisms
#14
Giulia Zerbini, Vincent van der Vinne, Lana K M Otto, Thomas Kantermann, Wim P Krijnen, Till Roenneberg, Martha Merrow
Success at school determines future career opportunities. We described a time-of-day specific disparity in school performance between early and late chronotypes. Several studies showed that students with a late chronotype and short sleep duration obtain lower grades, suggesting that early school starting times handicap their performance. How chronotype, sleep duration, and time of day impact school performance is not clear. At a Dutch high school, we collected 40,890 grades obtained in a variety of school subjects over an entire school year...
June 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661081/centre-level-variation-in-treatment-and-outcomes-and-predictors-of-outcomes-in-5-year-old-children-with-non-syndromic-unilateral-cleft-lip-treated-within-a-centralized-service-the-cleft-care-uk-study-part-6-summary-and-implications
#15
A R Ness, A K Wills, O Mahmoud, A Hall, D Sell, J Smallridge, L Southby, D Stokes, S Toms, A Waylen, Y Wren, J R Sandy
OBJECTIVES: To summarize and discuss centre-level variation across a range of treatment and outcome measures and examine individual and ecological determinants of outcome in children in Cleft Care UK (CCUK). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) recruited to CCUK and treated within a centralized service. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children had a range of treatment and outcome measures collected at a 5-year audit clinic...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659985/the-effect-of-spiritual-intelligence-training-on-job-satisfaction-of-psychiatric-nurses
#16
Abbas Heydari, Ali Meshkinyazd, Parvaneh Soudmand
Objective: Nurses are the most important staff in the health care system, thus, their job satisfaction is important in nursing management. The present study aimed at determining the impact of teaching spiritual intelligence on the job satisfaction of psychiatric nurses. Method: The participants were divided into 2 groups by random allocation. Data were collected in 3 stages of before intervention, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks post intervention using Brayfield & Rother Job Satisfaction Questionnaire. Results: The results of this study revealed that the mean score of job satisfaction in the experimental group was 65...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659981/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-spiritual-well-being-and-emotional-intelligence-of-the-elderly-mourners
#17
Abas Solaimani Khashab, Hosain Ghamari Kivi, Davod Fathi
Objective: Grief is one of the most painful experiences of the humans after linking emotions. In the literature of trauma, grief and mourning can be seen on many topics. Intervention and treatment of grief seems necessary as the period of mourning is prolonged. Thus, this study aimed at understanding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy on spiritual well-being and emotional intelligence in the elderly bereavement. Method: This was an experimental study with pre-and posttest design, and control group...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648762/repetitive-deliberate-fires-development-and-validation-of-a-methodology-to-detect-series
#18
Eva Bruenisholz, Olivier Delémont, Olivier Ribaux, Linzi Wilson-Wilde
The detection of repetitive deliberate fire events is challenging and still often ineffective due to a case-by-case approach. A previous study provided a critical review of the situation and analysis of the main challenges. This study suggested that the intelligence process, integrating forensic data, could be a valid framework to provide a follow-up and systematic analysis provided it is adapted to the specificities of repetitive deliberate fires. In this current manuscript, a specific methodology to detect deliberate fires series, i...
June 16, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633611/rawification-and-the-careful-generation-of-open-government-data
#19
Jérôme Denis, Samuel Goëta
Drawing on a two-year ethnographic study within several French administrations involved in open data programs, this article aims to investigate the conditions of the release of government data - the rawness of which open data policies require. This article describes two sets of phenomena. First, far from being taken for granted, open data emerge in administrations through a progressive process that entails uncertain collective inquiries and extraction work. Second, the opening process draws on a series of transformations, as data are modified to satisfy an important criterion of open data policies: the need for both human and technical intelligibility...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631139/a-systematic-review-of-wearable-patient-monitoring-systems-current-challenges-and-opportunities-for-clinical-adoption
#20
Mirza Mansoor Baig, Hamid GholamHosseini, Aasia A Moqeem, Farhaan Mirza, Maria Lindén
The aim of this review is to investigate barriers and challenges of wearable patient monitoring (WPM) solutions adopted by clinicians in acute, as well as in community, care settings. Currently, healthcare providers are coping with ever-growing healthcare challenges including an ageing population, chronic diseases, the cost of hospitalization, and the risk of medical errors. WPM systems are a potential solution for addressing some of these challenges by enabling advanced sensors, wearable technology, and secure and effective communication platforms between the clinicians and patients...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
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