keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Collective intelligence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420156/a-strain-based-method-to-estimate-slip-angle-and-tire-working-conditions-for-intelligent-tires-using-fuzzy-logic
#1
Daniel Garcia-Pozuelo, Jorge Yunta, Oluremi Olatunbosun, Xiaoguang Yang, Vicente Diaz
Tires equipped with sensors, the so-called "intelligent tires", can provide vital information for control systems, drivers and external users. In this research, tire dynamic strain characteristics in cornering conditions are collected and analysed in relation to the variation of tire working conditions, such as inflation pressure, rolling speed, vertical load and slip angle. An experimental tire strain-based prototype and an indoor tire test rig are used to demonstrate the suitability of strain sensors to establish relations between strain data and lateral force...
April 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416804/cumulative-culture-can-emerge-from-collective-intelligence-in-animal-groups
#2
Takao Sasaki, Dora Biro
Studies of collective intelligence in animal groups typically overlook potential improvement through learning. Although knowledge accumulation is recognized as a major advantage of group living within the framework of Cumulative Cultural Evolution (CCE), the interplay between CCE and collective intelligence has remained unexplored. Here, we use homing pigeons to investigate whether the repeated removal and replacement of individuals in experimental groups (a key method in testing for CCE) alters the groups' solution efficiency over successive generations...
April 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411449/prenatal-concentrations-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-early-communication-development-in-british-girls
#3
Zuha Jeddy, Terryl J Hartman, Ethel V Taylor, Cayla Poteete, Katarzyna Kordas
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), found in many household products and classed as endocrine disrupting chemicals, can be transferred through the placenta and are associated with multiple developmental deficits in offspring. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we investigated the association between intrauterine exposure to PFAS and early communication development in 432 mother-daughter dyads at 15 and 38months of age. Concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA) were measured in maternal serum collected during pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409692/validation-and-norming-of-the-intelligibility-in-context-scale-in-northern-viet-nam
#4
Ben Phạm, Sharynne McLeod, Linda J Harrison
Vietnamese is one of the 20 most commonly spoken languages in the world; however, there are no standardised tools to assess Vietnamese children's speech. This study aimed to validate and norm the Vietnamese version of the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS-VN). Data were collected from parents of 181 children (aged 2;0-5;11) living in Ha Noi, Northern Viet Nam. The mean ICS-VN score was 4.43 (out of a maximum of 5), indicating that children were 'usually' to 'always' intelligible; however, item-level scores demonstrated significant differences between communication partners...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406102/strong-correlations-between-empathy-emotional-intelligence-and-personality-traits-among-podiatric-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Kurtis Bertram, John Randazzo, Nathaniel Alabi, Jack Levenson, John T Doucette, Peter Barbosa
BACKGROUND: The ability of health-care providers to demonstrate empathy toward their patients results in a number of positive outcomes improving the quality of care. In addition, a provider's level of emotional intelligence (EI) can further the doctor-patient relationship, stimulating a more personalized and comprehensive manner of treating patients. Furthermore, personality traits of a clinician may positively or negatively influence that relationship, as well as clinical outcomes. This study was designed to evaluate empathy levels in podiatric medical students in a 4-year doctoral program...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400747/the-positive-effects-of-trait-emotional-intelligence-during-a-performance-review-discussion-a-psychophysiological-study
#6
Mikko Salminen, Niklas Ravaja
Performance review discussions of real manager-subordinate pairs were examined in two studies to investigate the effects of trait emotional intelligence (EI) on dyad member's felt and expressed emotions. Altogether there were 84 managers and 122 subordinates in two studies using 360 measured and self-reported trait EI. Facial electromyography, and frontal electroencephalography (EEG) asymmetry were collected continuously. Manager's high trait EI was related to increased positive valence emotional facial expressions in the dyad during the discussions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394925/driver-behavior-profiling-an-investigation-with-different-smartphone-sensors-and-machine-learning
#7
Jair Ferreira, Eduardo Carvalho, Bruno V Ferreira, Cleidson de Souza, Yoshihiko Suhara, Alex Pentland, Gustavo Pessin
Driver behavior impacts traffic safety, fuel/energy consumption and gas emissions. Driver behavior profiling tries to understand and positively impact driver behavior. Usually driver behavior profiling tasks involve automated collection of driving data and application of computer models to generate a classification that characterizes the driver aggressiveness profile. Different sensors and classification methods have been employed in this task, however, low-cost solutions and high performance are still research targets...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384614/how-much-information-about-embryo-implantation-potential-is-included-in-morphokinetic-data-a-prediction-model-based-on-artificial-neural-networks-and-principal-component-analysis
#8
Robert Milewski, Agnieszka Kuczyńska, Bożena Stankiewicz, Waldemar Kuczyński
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to answer the question of how much information about embryo implantation potential can be obtained from morphokinetic parameters through the creation a predictive model based on morphokinetic information and using advanced data-mining and artificial intelligence methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Time-lapse recordings of 610 embryos were included in the analysis. For each embryo, absolute (t2, t3, t4, t5) and relative (cc2 and s2) morphokinetic parameters were collected...
April 3, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378607/new-capabilities-of-evobot
#9
Farzad Nejatimoharrami, Andres Faina, Kasper Stoy
We introduce a robot developed to perform feedback-based experiments, such as droplet experiments, a common type of experiments in artificial chemical life research. These experiments are particularly well suited for automation because they often stretch over long periods of time, possibly hours, and often require that the human takes action in response to observed events such as changes in droplet size, count, shape, or clustering or declustering of multiple droplets. Our robot is designed to monitor long-term experiments and, based on the feedback from the experiment, interact with it...
January 1, 2017: SLAS Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360034/ages-and-stages-questionnaire-at-3-years-for-predicting-iq-at-5-6-years
#10
Marie-Laure Charkaluk, Jessica Rousseau, Johanna Calderon, Jonathan Y Bernard, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Monique Kaminski
OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive value of the 36-month Ages & Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) score for IQ score at age 5 to 6 years in the general population and to identify factors associated with IQ <85 once the ASQ score is taken into account. METHODS: Data were collected from 939 children enrolled in a population-based prospective cohort study. Developmental outcomes at 36 months were assessed via the ASQ and at 5 to 6 years via the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence...
March 30, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359083/patient-perception-of-speech-outcomes-the-relationship-between-clinical-measures-and-self-perception-of-speech-function-following-surgical-treatment-for-oral-cancer
#11
Gabriela Constantinescu, Jana Rieger, Marcy Winget, Catherine Paulsen, Hadi Seikaly
Purpose: Treatment for oral cancer can result in speech impairments that can have varying impacts on patient quality of life. This study explored the relationship between clinical measures of speech impairment and the perception that patients had of this change in the early stage of recovery. Method: This was a quasi-experimental 1-group pre-post study design carried out on 10 patients with surgical intervention for oral cancer. Two clinical measures (word intelligibility and consonant phoneme error) and 2 patient-perception measures (Speech Handicap Index total score and Speech Handicap Index patient criteria score) were collected at preoperative and 1-month postoperative appointments...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355975/the-potential-of-collective-intelligence-in-emergency-medicine
#12
Juliane E Kämmer, Wolf E Hautz, Stefan M Herzog, Olga Kunina-Habenicht, Ralf H J M Kurvers
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that pooling multiple independent diagnoses can improve diagnostic accuracy in well-defined tasks. We investigated whether this is also the case for diagnostics in emergency medicine, an ill-defined task environment where diagnostic errors are rife. METHODS: A computer simulation study was conducted based on empirical data from 2 published experimental studies. In the computer experiments, 285 medical students independently diagnosed 6 simulated patients arriving at the emergency room with dyspnea...
March 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348543/the-predictive-validity-of-four-intelligence-tests-for-school-grades-a-small-sample-longitudinal-study
#13
Jasmin T Gygi, Priska Hagmann-von Arx, Florine Schweizer, Alexander Grob
Intelligence is considered the strongest single predictor of scholastic achievement. However, little is known regarding the predictive validity of well-established intelligence tests for school grades. We analyzed the predictive validity of four widely used intelligence tests in German-speaking countries: The Intelligence and Development Scales (IDS), the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS), the Snijders-Oomen Nonverbal Intelligence Test (SON-R 6-40), and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV), which were individually administered to 103 children (Mage = 9...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346795/understanding-the-emission-impacts-of-hov-to-hot-lane-conversions-experience-from-atlanta-ga
#14
Yanzhi Ann Xu, Haobing Liu, Michael O Rodgers, Angshuman Guin, Michael Hunter, Adnan Sheikh, Randall L Guensler
Converting a congested High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lane into a High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lane is a viable option for improving travel time reliability for carpools and buses that use the managed lane. However, the emission impacts of HOV-to-HOT-conversions are not well understood. The lack of emissions impact quantification for HOT conversions creates a policy challenge for agencies making transportation funding choices. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the case study before-and-after changes in vehicle emissions for the Atlanta, GA I-85 HOV/HOT lane conversion project, implemented in October, 2011...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342962/intellectual-evaluation-of-children-exposed-to-phthalate-tainted-products-after-the-2011-taiwan-phthalate-episode
#15
Po-Chin Huang, Chih-Hsin Tsai, Chu-Chih Chen, Ming-Tsang Wu, Mei-Lien Chen, Shu-Li Wang, Bai-Hsiun Chen, Ching-Chang Lee, Jouni J K Jaakkola, Wen-Chiu Wu, Min-Kung Chen, Chao A Hsiung, Rapit Group
INTRODUCTION: Phthalate exposure may reduce intellectual development in young children. In 2011, numerous Taiwanese children had been reported to have consumed phthalate-tainted products. We investigated the effects of phthalate exposure on the intellectual development of these children after the 2011 Taiwan di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) episode. METHODS: We recruited 204 children, aged 3-12 y, from 3 hospitals in Taiwan between 2012 and 2013. First-morning urine samples were collected for analyzing 5 phthalate metabolites...
March 27, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342918/evidence-of-the-impact-of-visuo-spatial-processing-on-magnitude-representation-in-22q11-2-microdeletion-syndrome
#16
Lucie Attout, Marie-Pascale Noël, Line Vossius, Laurence Rousselle
The influence of visuo-spatial skills on numerical magnitude processing is the subject of a long-standing debate. As most of the numerical and non-numerical magnitude abilities underpinning mathematical development are visual by nature, they are often assessed in the visual modality, thereby confusing visuo-spatial and numerical processing. In order to assess the influence of visuo-spatial processing on numerical magnitude representation, we examined magnitude processing in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS), a genetic condition characterized by a cognitive profile with a relative weakness in visuo-spatial abilities but with preserved verbal abilities...
March 23, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335471/mobile-phonocardiogram-diagnosis-in-newborns-using-support-vector-machine
#17
Amir Mohammad Amiri, Mohammadreza Abtahi, Nick Constant, Kunal Mankodiya
Phonocardiogram (PCG) monitoring on newborns is one of the most important and challenging tasks in the heart assessment in the early ages of life. In this paper, we present a novel approach for cardiac monitoring applied in PCG data. This basic system coupled with denoising, segmentation, cardiac cycle selection and classification of heart sound can be used widely for a large number of the data. This paper describes the problems and additional advantages of the PCG method including the possibility of recording heart sound at home, removing unwanted noises and data reduction on a mobile device, and an intelligent system to diagnose heart diseases on the cloud server...
March 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334644/low-level-inorganic-arsenic-exposure-and-neuropsychological-functioning-in-american-indian-elders
#18
Clint R Carroll, Carolyn Noonan, Eva M Garroutte, Ana Navas-Acien, Steven P Verney, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Inorganic arsenic at high and prolonged doses is highly neurotoxic. Few studies have evaluated whether long-term, low-level arsenic exposure is associated with neuropsychological functioning in adults. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between long-term, low-level inorganic arsenic exposure and neuropsychological functioning among American Indians aged 64-95. METHODS: We assessed 928 participants in the Strong Heart Study by using data on arsenic species in urine samples collected at baseline (1989-1991) and results of standardized tests of global cognition, executive functioning, verbal learning and memory, fine motor functioning, and speed of mental processing administered during comprehensive follow-up evaluations in 2009-2013...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333904/-intestinal-endometriosis-a-case-report
#19
Sławomir Krzemiński
Endometriosis intestines due to its non-specific symptoms can pose diagnostic problems, a lack of or incorrect treatment worsens the quality of life, sometimes leading to serious complications. The differential diagnosis of abdominal pain, especially in patients of reproductive age should be taken disease into account. Often abdominal pain in young women are classified as a functional gastrointestinal disorder, and only carefully collected intelligence allows you to focus on the diagnosis of endometriosis, especially if the symptoms significantly impair quality of life...
March 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326111/the-korean-version-of-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-reliability-and-validity
#20
Eun-Chan Kang, Sung-Jin Kim, Young-Soo Seo, Sung-Soo Jung, Beom-Joo Seo, Jeoung-Whan Ryu, Joo-Cheol Shim, Jung-Joon Moon, Dong-Wook Jeon, Kyoung-Duck Park, Do-Un Jung
OBJECTIVE: This study's aim was to develop and standardize a Korean version (SCoRS-K) of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS), which is used to evaluate the degree of cognitive dysfunction affecting the everyday functioning of people with schizophrenia. METHODS: Eighty-four schizophrenia patients with stable symptoms who were receiving outpatient treatment and rehabilitation therapy, and 29 demographically matched non-patient controls, participated in the study...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
keyword
keyword
113659
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"