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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344534/the-effect-of-self-care-education-on-emotional-intelligence-and-hba1c-level-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Salma Tavakol Moghadam, Seyed Saeed Najafi, Shahrzad Yektatalab
Background: The role of Emotional Intelligence (EI) in glycemic control in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has not been fully understood. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of self-care education on EI and hemoglobin glycosylated (HbA1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 48 patients with type 2 DM referred to Shahid Motahari Diabetes Center in 2015 were divided into an intervention and a control group using block randomization...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341027/developing-deep-learning-applications-for-life-science-and-pharma-industry
#2
Daniel Siegismund, Vasily Tolkachev, Stephan Heyse, Beate Sick, Oliver Duerr, Stephan Steigele
Deep Learning has boosted artificial intelligence over the past 5 years and is seen now as one of the major technological innovation areas, predicted to replace lots of repetitive, but complex tasks of human labor within the next decade. It is also expected to be 'game changing' for research activities in pharma and life sciences, where large sets of similar yet complex data samples are systematically analyzed. Deep learning is currently conquering formerly expert domains especially in areas requiring perception, previously not amenable to standard machine learning...
January 16, 2018: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339510/artificial-intelligence-exploration-of-unstable-protocells-leads-to-predictable-properties-and-discovery-of-collective-behavior
#3
Laurie J Points, James Ward Taylor, Jonathan Grizou, Kevin Donkers, Leroy Cronin
Protocell models are used to investigate how cells might have first assembled on Earth. Some, like oil-in-water droplets, can be seemingly simple models, while able to exhibit complex and unpredictable behaviors. How such simple oil-in-water systems can come together to yield complex and life-like behaviors remains a key question. Herein, we illustrate how the combination of automated experimentation and image processing, physicochemical analysis, and machine learning allows significant advances to be made in understanding the driving forces behind oil-in-water droplet behaviors...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337803/from-big-data-to-artificial-intelligence-harnessing-data-routinely-collected-in-the-process-of-care
#4
Barret Rush, David J Stone, Leo Anthony Celi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336775/neural-correlates-of-emotional-action-control-in-anger-prone-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Katja Bertsch, Karin Roelofs, Paul Jonathan Roch, Bo Ma, Saskia Hensel, Sabine C Herpertz, Inge Volman
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in controlling emotional impulses is a crucial component of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that often leads to destructive, impulsive behaviours against others. In line with recent findings in aggressive individuals, deficits in prefrontal amygdala coupling during emotional action control may account for these symptoms. METHODS: To study the neurobiological correlates of altered emotional action control in individuals with BPD, we asked medication-free, anger-prone, female patients with BPD and age- and intelligence-matched healthy women to take part in an approach-avoidance task while lying in an MRI scanner...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335825/application-of-artificial-intelligence-using-a-convolutional-neural-network-for-detecting-gastric-cancer-in-endoscopic-images
#6
Toshiaki Hirasawa, Kazuharu Aoyama, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Soichiro Ishihara, Satoki Shichijo, Tsuyoshi Ozawa, Tatsuya Ohnishi, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Keigo Matsuo, Junko Fujisaki, Tomohiro Tada
BACKGROUND: Image recognition using artificial intelligence with deep learning through convolutional neural networks (CNNs) has dramatically improved and been increasingly applied to medical fields for diagnostic imaging. We developed a CNN that can automatically detect gastric cancer in endoscopic images. METHODS: A CNN-based diagnostic system was constructed based on Single Shot MultiBox Detector architecture and trained using 13,584 endoscopic images of gastric cancer...
January 15, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327117/graphical-classification-of-dna-sequences-of-hla-alleles-by-deep-learning
#7
Jun Miyake, Yuhei Kaneshita, Satoshi Asatani, Seiichi Tagawa, Hirohiko Niioka, Takashi Hirano
Alleles of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A DNAs are classified and expressed graphically by using artificial intelligence "Deep Learning (Stacked autoencoder)". Nucleotide sequence data corresponding to the length of 822 bp, collected from the Immuno Polymorphism Database, were compressed to 2-dimensional representation and were plotted. Profiles of the two-dimensional plots indicate that the alleles can be classified as clusters are formed. The two-dimensional plot of HLA-A DNAs gives a clear outlook for characterizing the various alleles...
January 11, 2018: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320406/a-police-and-insurance-joint-management-system-based-on-high-precision-bds-gps-positioning
#8
Wenwei Zuo, Chi Guo, Jingnan Liu, Xuan Peng, Min Yang
Car ownership in China reached 194 million vehicles at the end of 2016. The traffic congestion index (TCI) exceeds 2.0 during rush hour in some cities. Inefficient processing for minor traffic accidents is considered to be one of the leading causes for road traffic jams. Meanwhile, the process after an accident is quite troublesome. The main reason is that it is almost always impossible to get the complete chain of evidence when the accident happens. Accordingly, a police and insurance joint management system is developed which is based on high precision BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS)/Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning to process traffic accidents...
January 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305612/effects-of-familiarization-on-intelligibility-of-dysarthric-speech-in-older-adults-with-and-without-hearing-loss
#9
Kaitlin L Lansford, Stephani Luhrsen, Erin M Ingvalson, Stephanie A Borrie
Purpose: Familiarization tasks offer a promising platform for listener-targeted remediation of intelligibility disorders associated with dysarthria. To date, the body of work demonstrating improved understanding of dysarthric speech following a familiarization experience has been carried out on younger adults. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine the intelligibility effects of familiarization in older adults. Method: Nineteen older adults, with and without hearing loss, completed a familiarization protocol consisting of three phases: pretest, familiarization, and posttest...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298748/from-ehealth-to-ihealth-transition-to-participatory-and-personalized-medicine-in-mental-health
#10
Sofian Berrouiguet, Mercedes M Perez-Rodriguez, Mark Larsen, Enrique Baca-García, Philippe Courtet, Maria Oquendo
Clinical assessment in psychiatry is commonly based on findings from brief, regularly scheduled in-person appointments. Although critically important, this approach reduces assessment to cross-sectional observations that miss essential information about disease course. The mental health provider makes all medical decisions based on this limited information. Thanks to recent technological advances such as mobile phones and other personal devices, electronic health (eHealth) data collection strategies now can provide access to real-time patient self-report data during the interval between visits...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288867/differential-effects-of-childhood-neglect-and-abuse-during-sensitive-exposure-periods-on-male-and-female-hippocampus
#11
Martin H Teicher, Carl M Anderson, Kyoko Ohashi, Alaptagin Khan, Cynthia E McGreenery, Elizabeth A Bolger, Michael L Rohan, Gordana D Vitaliano
The hippocampus is a highly stress susceptible structure and hippocampal abnormalities have been reported in a host of psychiatric disorders including major depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The hippocampus appears to be particularly susceptible to early life stress with a graded reduction in volume based on number of types (multiplicity) or severity of maltreatment. We assessed whether the most important predictors of adult hippocampal volume were multiplicity, severity or duration of exposure or timing of maltreatment during developmental sensitive periods...
December 27, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285000/exploring-the-added-value-of-women-health-care-managers-in-poland
#12
Katarzyna Czabanowska, Alicja Domagała, Stavroula Kalaitzi, Aleksandra Krogulec, Genc Burazeri, Suzanne Babich
Introduction: Female managers in the Polish health care system are seldom a subject of scientific investigation. Material and Methods: This study describes the share and profile of women in health care management positions and explores how and why Polish female health care managers add value to the leadership of health care organizations. Three data collection methods were used including: scoping review, analysis of data from governmental information bases and in-depth interviews with female health care managers...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283966/under-triage-in-trauma-does-an-organized-trauma-network-capture-the-major-trauma-victim-a-statewide-analysis
#13
Michael A Horst, Shreya Jammula, Brian W Gross, Alan D Cook, Eric H Bradburn, Juliet Altenburg, Danielle Von Nieda, Madison Morgan, Frederick B Rogers
BACKGROUND: Proper triage of critically injured trauma patients to accredited trauma centers (TCs) is essential for survival and patient outcomes. We sought to determine the percentage of patients meeting trauma criteria who received care at non-trauma centers (NTCs) within the statewide trauma system that exists in the state of Pennsylvania. We hypothesized that a substantial proportion of the trauma population would be undertriaged to NTCs with undertriage rates (UTR) decreasing with increasing severity of injury...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280298/emotions-as-student-feedback
#14
Karin Belch, Susan Law
BACKGROUND: Student feedback is often sought by educators in order to inform future developments in teaching or curriculum development. A lack of engagement with current feedback tools is thought, partly, to result from students perceiving no gain from the activity. The emotional adjective feedback tool (EAFT) is designed around the concept of emotional intelligence, where students feed back to tutors, after clinical teaching, by selecting and elaborating on emotional adjectives that describe their learning experiences...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241733/autophagy-regulates-high-concentrations-of-iodide-induced-apoptosis-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#15
Bin Zhang, Yushan Cui, Lingzhi Wang, Liang Zhao, Changchun Hou, Qiang Zeng, Zushan Zhang, Jingwen Yu, Yang Zhao, Junyan Nie, Xuemin Chen, Aiguo Wang, Hongliang Liu
To date, there are many people residing in areas with high levels of iodide in water. Our previous epidemiological study showed that exposure to high iodine in drinking water significantly reduced the intelligence of children although the mechanisms remain unclear. To explore whether high concentrations of iodide may cause cytotoxic effect and the role of autophagy in the high iodide-induced apoptosis, human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y cells) were exposed to high concentrations of iodide. Morphological phenotypes, cell viability, Hoechst 33258 staining, the expression levels of apoptosis and autophagy-related proteins were detected...
December 11, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235364/patient-reported-safety-incidents-as-a-new-source-of-patient-safety-data-an-exploratory-comparative-study-in-an-acute-hospital-in-england
#16
Gerry Armitage, Sally Moore, Caroline Reynolds, Pierre-Antoine Laloë, Claire Coulson, Rosie McEachan, Rebecca Lawton, Ian Watt, John Wright, Jane O'Hara
Objectives To compare a new co-designed, patient incident reporting tool with three established methods of detecting patient safety incidents and identify if the same incidents are recorded across methods. Method Trained research staff collected data from inpatients in nine wards in one university teaching hospital during their stay. Those classified as patient safety incidents were retained. We then searched for patient safety incidents in the corresponding patient case notes, staff incident reports and reports to the Patient Advice and Liaison Service specific to the study wards...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233120/prediction-of-5-year-overall-survival-in-cervical-cancer-patients-treated-with-radical-hysterectomy-using-computational-intelligence-methods
#17
Bogdan Obrzut, Maciej Kusy, Andrzej Semczuk, Marzanna Obrzut, Jacek Kluska
BACKGROUND: Computational intelligence methods, including non-linear classification algorithms, can be used in medical research and practice as a decision making tool. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of artificial intelligence models for 5-year overall survival prediction in patients with cervical cancer treated by radical hysterectomy. METHODS: The data set was collected from 102 patients with cervical cancer FIGO stage IA2-IIB, that underwent primary surgical treatment...
December 12, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214307/single-word-speech-intelligibility-in-children-and-adults-with-down-syndrome
#18
Alyssa Wild, Houri K Vorperian, Ray D Kent, Daniel M Bolt, Diane Austin
Purpose: A single-word identification test was used to study speech production in children and adults with Down syndrome (DS) to determine the developmental pattern of speech intelligibility with an emphasis on vowels. Method: Speech recordings were collected from 62 participants with DS aged 4-40 years and 25 typically developing participants aged 4-7 years. Panels of 5 adult lay listeners transcribed the speech recordings orthographically, and their responses were scored in comparison with the speakers' target words...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212480/the-effect-of-nursing-participation-in-the-design-of-a-critical-care-information-system-a-case-study-in-a-chinese-hospital
#19
Yanhong Qin, Ranyun Zhou, Qiong Wu, Xiaodi Huang, Xinli Chen, Weiwei Wang, Xun Wang, Hua Xu, Jing Zheng, Siyu Qian, Changqing Bai, Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Intensive care information systems (ICIS) are continuously evolving to meet the ever changing information needs of intensive care units (ICUs), providing the backbone for a safe, intelligent and efficient patient care environment. Although beneficial for the international advancement in building smart environments to transform ICU services, knowledge about the contemporary development of ICIS worldwide, their usage and impacts is limited. This study aimed to fill this knowledge gap by researching the development and implementation of an ICIS in a Chinese hospital, nurses' use of the system, and the impact of system use on critical care nursing processes and outcomes...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209698/articulatory-kinematic-characteristics-across-the-dysarthria-severity-spectrum-in-individuals-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#20
Jimin Lee, Michael Bell, Zachary Simmons
Purpose: The current study investigated whether articulatory kinematic patterns can be extrapolated across the spectrum of dysarthria severity in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Method: Temporal and spatial articulatory kinematic data were collected using electromagnetic articulography from 14 individuals with dysarthria secondary to ALS and 6 typically aging speakers. Speech intelligibility and speaking rate were used as indices of severity...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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