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Collective intelligence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790079/impact-of-spirituality-religiousness-on-cyber-bullying-and-victimization-in-university-students-mediating-effect-of-emotional-intelligence
#1
Mohit Yadav, Rohit Yadav
The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between spirituality/religiousness with cyber bullying and victimization amongst Indian University students and whether emotional intelligence mediates the relationship. Data were collected from 490 University students studying in undergraduate and postgraduate courses across India. IBM AMOS was used to find reliability and validity of instruments and PROCESS macro for IBM SPSS by Preacher and Hayes (Behav Res Methods 36(4): 717-731, 2004) was used for conducting mediation analyses...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784892/food-insecurity-and-primary-school-girl-students-intelligence-quotients-a-case-control-study
#2
Ahmad Reza Dorosty Motlagh, Peivasteh Safarpour, Milad Daneshi Maskooni, Mostafa Hosseini, Farzaneh Ranjbar Noshari
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) refers to the lack of sufficient and safe availability of the food. Accumulating studies have suggested associations between dietary intake and Intelligence quotient (IQ). Accordingly, we aimed to examine the association between FI and IQ. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: In this case-control study, 222 girl students aged 9 to 11 years old were randomly chosen from Bandar-Anzali, Iran in 2013. Students with low and moderate IQ were considered as case (n=111) and control (n=111) group, respectively...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783168/fluorescence-probes-for-real-time-remote-cyanobacteria-monitoring-a-review-of-challenges-and-opportunities
#3
REVIEW
Edoardo Bertone, Michele A Burford, David P Hamilton
In recent years, there has been a widespread deployment of submersible fluorescence sensors by water utilities. They are used to measure diagnostic pigments and estimate algae and cyanobacteria abundance in near real-time. Despite being useful and promising tools, operators and decision-makers often rely on the data provided by these probes without a full understanding of their limitations. As a result, this may lead to wrong and misleading estimations which, in turn, means that researchers and technicians distrust these sensors...
May 10, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781887/speculations-on-the-future-of-psychiatric-diagnosis
#4
A John Rush, Hisham M Ibrahim
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V), criterion symptom listings are frequently used in clinical practice as checklists to make diagnoses. However, most DSM-V conditions are, in fact, syndromes, that is, collections of signs and symptoms that commonly occur together in the clinic. This report discusses the value of syndromes in medicine and psychiatry. It is argued that a more precise future enumeration of brain circuits and the pathogenesis of psychiatric conditions will help us better understand and treat psychiatric syndromes, but they are unlikely to eliminate the need to categorize psychiatric conditions...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779717/the-design-and-evaluation-of-an-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-system-for-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-iran
#5
Peyman Rezaei-Hachesu, Taha Samad-Soltani, Sajad Yaghoubi, Marjan GhaziSaeedi, Kayvan Mirnia, Hossein Masoumi-Asl, Reza Safdari
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have complex patients in terms of their diagnoses and required treatments. Antimicrobial treatment is a common therapy for patients in NICUs. To solve problems pertaining to empirical therapy, antimicrobial stewardship programs have recently been introduced. Despite the success of these programs in terms of data collection, there is still inefficiency in terms of analyzing and reporting the data. Thus, to successfully implement these stewardship programs, the design of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance systems is recommended as a first step...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774424/lingual-and-jaw-kinematic-abnormalities-precede-speech-and-swallowing-impairments-in-als
#6
Bridget J Perry, Rosemary Martino, Yana Yunusova, Emily K Plowman, Jordan R Green
Early identification of bulbar involvement in persons with ALS is critical for improving diagnosis and prognosis; however, efficacious diagnostic markers have not yet been identified. The purpose of this study was to determine whether kinematic changes of the tongue and jaw during swallowing, measured using 3D electromagnetic articulography (EMA), predate clinically identifiable symptoms of speech and swallowing impairment in persons diagnosed with ALS. Data were collected from 16 adults diagnosed with ALS and 18 neurotypical controls...
May 17, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771674/multisource-transfer-double-dqn-based-on-actor-learning
#7
Jie Pan, Xuesong Wang, Yuhu Cheng, Qiang Yu
Deep reinforcement learning (RL) comprehensively uses the psychological mechanisms of "trial and error" and "reward and punishment" in RL as well as powerful feature expression and nonlinear mapping in deep learning. Currently, it plays an essential role in the fields of artificial intelligence and machine learning. Since an RL agent needs to constantly interact with its surroundings, the deep Q network (DQN) is inevitably faced with the need to learn numerous network parameters, which results in low learning efficiency...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770669/-design-and-implementation-of-field-questionnaire-survey-system-of-taeniasis-cysticercosis
#8
Li Huan-Zhang, Xue Jing-Bo, Qian Men-Bao, Zang Xin-Zhong, Xia Shang, Wang Qiang, Chen Ying-Dan, Li Shi-Zhu
A taeniasis/cysticercosis information management system was designed to achieve the dynamic monitoring of the epidemic situation of taeniasis/cysticercosis and improve the intelligence level of disease information management. The system includes three layer structures (application layer, technical core layer, and data storage layer) and designs a datum transmission and remote communication system of traffic information tube in Browser/Server architecture. The system is believed to promote disease datum collection...
April 17, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769409/individuals-fail-to-reap-the-collective-benefits-of-diversity-because-of-over-reliance-on-personal-information
#9
Alan Novaes Tump, Max Wolf, Jens Krause, Ralf H J M Kurvers
Collective intelligence refers to the ability of groups to outperform individuals in solving cognitive tasks. Although numerous studies have demonstrated this effect, the mechanisms underlying collective intelligence remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate diversity in cue beliefs as a mechanism potentially promoting collective intelligence. In our experimental study, human groups observed a sequence of cartoon characters, and classified each character as a cooperator or defector based on informative and uninformative cues...
May 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765573/the-relationship-between-emotional-intelligence-with-administrators-performance-at-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences
#10
Tooraj Sadeghi, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Masumeh Saeidi, Habibolah Taghizade Moghaddam, Mohammad Jafari Ghodsi, Rasoul Hoseini
Background: The leadership of an organization requires specific features to adapt to changes and to survive and grow in new environments, and emotional intelligence is one of the most important attributes that can help leaders and managers respond to these changes. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence with administrators' performance at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 basic and middle managers of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran who were selected by census method in 2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750338/influence-of-contraindicated-medication-use-on-cognitive-outcome-in-dravet-syndrome-and-age-at-first-afebrile-seizure-as-a-clinical-predictor-in-scn1a-related-seizure-phenotypes
#11
Iris M de Lange, Boudewijn Gunning, Anja C M Sonsma, Lisette van Gemert, Marjan van Kempen, Nienke E Verbeek, Joost Nicolai, Nine V A M Knoers, Bobby P C Koeleman, Eva H Brilstra
OBJECTIVE: Pathogenic variants in SCN1A can give rise to extremely variable disease severities that may be indistinguishable at their first presentation. We aim to find clinical features that can help predict the evolution of seizures into Dravet syndrome and clinical features that predict cognitive outcome in Dravet syndrome. We specifically investigate the role of contraindicated medication (CIM) as a possible modifier of cognitive decline. METHODS: A cohort of 164 Dutch participants with SCN1A-related seizures was evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748521/self-tuning-method-for-increased-obstacle-detection-reliability-based-on-internet-of-things-lidar-sensor-models
#12
Fernando Castaño, Gerardo Beruvides, Alberto Villalonga, Rodolfo E Haber
On-chip LiDAR sensors for vehicle collision avoidance are a rapidly expanding area of research and development. The assessment of reliable obstacle detection using data collected by LiDAR sensors has become a key issue that the scientific community is actively exploring. The design of a self-tuning methodology and its implementation are presented in this paper, to maximize the reliability of LiDAR sensors network for obstacle detection in the 'Internet of Things' (IoT) mobility scenarios. The Webots Automobile 3D simulation tool for emulating sensor interaction in complex driving environments is selected in order to achieve that objective...
May 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747429/a-vision-based-counting-and-recognition-system-for-flying-insects-in-intelligent-agriculture
#13
Yuanhong Zhong, Junyuan Gao, Qilun Lei, Yao Zhou
Rapid and accurate counting and recognition of flying insects are of great importance, especially for pest control. Traditional manual identification and counting of flying insects is labor intensive and inefficient. In this study, a vision-based counting and classification system for flying insects is designed and implemented. The system is constructed as follows: firstly, a yellow sticky trap is installed in the surveillance area to trap flying insects and a camera is set up to collect real-time images. Then the detection and coarse counting method based on You Only Look Once (YOLO) object detection, the classification method and fine counting based on Support Vector Machines (SVM) using global features are designed...
May 9, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745552/-intelligent-watch-system-for-health-monitoring-based-on-bluetooth-low-energy-technology
#14
Ji Wang, Hailiang Guo, Xiaoli Ren
According to the development status of wearable technology and the demand of intelligent health monitoring, we studied the multi-function integrated smart watches solution and its key technology. First of all, the sensor technology with high integration density, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) and mobile communication technology were integrated and used in develop practice. Secondly, for the hardware design of the system in this paper, we chose the scheme with high integration density and cost-effective computer modules and chips...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745212/-applications-of-eco-environmental-big-data-progress-and-prospect
#15
Miao Miao Zhao, Shi Cheng Zhao, Li Yun Zhang, Fen Zhao, Rui Shao, Li Xiang Liu, Hai Feng Zhao, Ming Xu
With the advance of internet and wireless communication technology, the fields of ecology and environment have entered a new digital era with the amount of data growing explosively and big data technologies attracting more and more attention. The eco-environmental big data is based airborne and space-/land-based observations of ecological and environmental factors and its ultimate goal is to integrate multi-source and multi-scale data for information mining by taking advantages of cloud computation, artificial intelligence, and modeling technologies...
May 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742572/development-of-human-face-literature-database-using-text-mining-approach-phase-i
#16
Paramjit Kaur, Kewal Krishan, Suresh K Sharma
The face is an important part of the human body by which an individual communicates in the society. Its importance can be highlighted by the fact that a person deprived of face cannot sustain in the living world. The amount of experiments being performed and the number of research papers being published under the domain of human face have surged in the past few decades. Several scientific disciplines, which are conducting research on human face include: Medical Science, Anthropology, Information Technology (Biometrics, Robotics, and Artificial Intelligence, etc...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739443/cognition-and-bimanual-performance-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#17
Brian Hoare, Michael Ditchfield, Megan Thorley, Margaret Wallen, Jenny Bracken, Adrienne Harvey, Catherine Elliott, Iona Novak, Ali Crichton
BACKGROUND: Motor outcomes of children with unilateral cerebral palsy are clearly documented and well understood, yet few studies describe the cognitive functioning in this population, and the associations between the two is poorly understood. Using two hands together in daily life involves complex motor and cognitive processes. Impairment in either domain may contribute to difficulties with bimanual performance. Research is yet to derive whether, and how, cognition affects a child's ability to use their two hands to perform bimanual tasks...
May 8, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736594/a-decision-support-tool-facilitating-medicine-design-for-optimal-acceptability-in-the-older-population
#18
Thibault Vallet, Emilie Belissa, Sandra Laribe-Caget, Alain Chevallier, François-Xavier Chedhomme, Patrick Leglise, Matthieu Piccoli, Hugues Michelon, Vanessa Bloch, Sylvie Meaume, Anne-Sophie Grancher, Nathalie Bachalat, Imad Boulaich, Fattima Abdallah, Maite Rabus, Jean-Paul Rwabihama, Annie-Claude Ribemont, Celia Lachuer, Ines Perquy, Laurent Lechowski, Anne Delahaye, Mathieu Depoisson, Yann Orven, Caroline Guinot, Stephane Gibaud, Corinne Michel, Abdel Mahiou, Sid-Ahmed Belbachir, Jean-Hugues Trouvin, Amelie Dufaÿ-Wojcicki, Vincent Boudy, Fabrice Ruiz
PURPOSE: Medicine acceptability, which is of the utmost importance for vulnerable patients' adherence, is driven by both user and product characteristics. Herein, a novel multivariate approach integrating the many aspects of acceptability is used to discriminate positively and negatively accepted medicines in the older population. METHODS: An observational study was carried out in eight hospitals and eight nursing homes to collect a large set of real-life data on medicines uses in older patients (≥65 years)...
May 7, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734683/do-monetary-incentives-influence-users-behavior-in-participatory-sensing
#19
Ngo Manh Khoi, Sven Casteleyn, M Mehdi Moradi, Edzer Pebesma
Participatory sensing combines the powerful sensing capabilities of current mobile devices with the mobility and intelligence of human beings, and as such has to potential to collect various types of information at a high spatial and temporal resolution. Success, however, entirely relies on the willingness and motivation of the users to carry out sensing tasks, and thus it is essential to incentivize the users’ active participation. In this article, we first present an open, generic participatory sensing framework (Citizense) which aims to make participatory sensing more accessible, flexible and transparent...
May 4, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728043/-discussion-on-exploitation-of-foreign-traditional-chinese-medicine-resources-based-on-the-belt-and-road
#20
Xiao-Bo Zhang, Dong-Mei Lyu, Lu-Qi Huang, Meng Li, Lan-Ping Guo, Hua-Sheng Peng
At the beginning of the ancient "Silk Road", traditional Chinese medicine resources (TCM resources) have long been integrated into it, and it was once the "important part" of the ancient "Silk Road" in Chinese history, benefited from this, the political connections was strengthened, the economic and trade was developed, and Chinese medicine culture was spread. Before Qing Dynasty, people took out the "silk" and brought back "herbs" on the "Silk Road", which enriched China's medicinal resources...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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