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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044842/changing-perspectives-on-the-strategic-use-of-microwave-heating-in-organic-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
Gregory B Dudley, A E Stiegman
This Personal Account describes collaborative investigations into apocryphal microwave effects in organic chemistry. Focused research on microwave-assisted organic synthesis has been fraught with confusion, controversy, and misinformation. Microwave heating is an undoubtedly useful tactic for organic synthesis, but whether or not it can offer strategic advantages remains an open question in the minds of many people. (Ironically, those who do not consider it an open question are split as to whether it has been resolved affirmatively or negatively...
October 18, 2017: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044675/-oh-my-god-i-can-t-handle-this-trainees-emotional-responses-to-complex-situations
#2
Esther Helmich, Laura Diachun, Radha Joseph, Kori LaDonna, Nelleke Noeverman-Poel, Lorelei Lingard, Sayra Cristancho
CONTEXT: Dealing with emotions is critical for medical trainees' professional development. Taking a sociocultural and narrative approach to understanding emotions, we studied complex clinical situations as a specific context in which emotions are evoked and influenced by the social environment. We sought to understand how medical trainees respond to emotions that arise in those situations. METHODS: In an international constructivist grounded theory study, 29 trainees drew two rich pictures of complex clinical situations, one exciting and one frustrating...
October 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044457/secondary-prevention-medication-use-after-myocardial-infarction-in-u-s-nursing-home-residents
#3
Andrew R Zullo, Sadia Sharmin, Yoojin Lee, Lori A Daiello, Nishant R Shah, W John Boscardin, David D Dore, Sei J Lee, Michael A Steinman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Secondary prevention medications are recommended for older adults after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but little is known about whether nursing home (NH) residents receive these medications. The objective was to evaluate new use of secondary prevention medications after AMI in NH residents who were previously nonusers and to evaluate what factors were associated with use. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort using linked national Minimum Data Set assessments; Online Survey, Certification and Reporting records; and Medicare claims...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043831/del-phenotype
#4
Dong H Kwon, S G Sandler, Willy A Flegel
DEL red blood cells (RBCs) type as D- by routine serologic methods and are transfused routinely, without being identified as expressing a very weak D antigen, to D- recipients. DEL RBCs are detected only by adsorption and elution of anti-D or by molecular methods. Most DEL phenotypes have been reported in population studies conducted in East Asia, although DEL phenotypes have been detected also among Caucasian individuals. Approximately 98 percent of DEL phenotypes in East Asians are associated with the RHD*DEL1 or RHD*01EL...
September 2017: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043285/the-relationship-between-health-locus-of-control-and-health-behaviors-in-emergency-medicine-personnel
#5
Mansour Pourhoseinzadeh, Mahin Gheibizadeh, Mehrnaz Moradikalboland
BACKGROUND: Health locus of control defined as individual beliefs based on past experiences in health issues and having external or internal control over them, could affect health. Health locus of control plays a role in health behaviors. We aimed to investigate the relationship between health locus of control and health behavior in emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz during 2016. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, which began in August 2016 for a period of six months on 215 emergency medical personnel in Ahvaz who were selected randomly...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043283/barriers-to-pap-smear-test-for-the-second-time-in-women-referring-to-health-care-centers-in-the-south-of-tehran-a-qualitative-approach
#6
Laleh Hassani, Tahereh Dehdari, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Mehrandokht Abedini, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease with a regular screening program. Many studies have reported a large number of barriers that women had for the first time, but this study decided to find other barriers for the second time pap smear. METHODS: In this qualitative research, data were gathered through in-depth interviews and expressed through conventional content analysis in the form of constant comparison. The participants were 15 women with family profile at 30 health care centers who lived in the south of Tehran and had done Pap smear for one time but didn't do it for the second time...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041822/when-i-do-i-become-someone-experiences-of-occupational-performance-in-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Lena Bergqvist, Ann-Marie Öhrvall, Kate Himmelmann, Marie Peny-Dahlstrand
PURPOSE: Persons with cerebral palsy, even if they have relatively good motor functions, have a lower level of independence and participation in everyday activities than persons of the same age without disabilities. However, there are few descriptions of how persons with cerebral palsy themselves perceive their performance of activities in everyday life. The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions that young adults with cerebral palsy have of occupational performance in everyday life...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040324/the-centrality-of-affective-instability-and-identity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-evidence-from-network-analysis
#8
Juliette Richetin, Emanuele Preti, Giulio Costantini, Chiara De Panfilis
We argue that the series of traits characterizing Borderline Personality Disorder samples do not weigh equally. In this regard, we believe that network approaches employed recently in Personality and Psychopathology research to provide information about the differential relationships among symptoms would be useful to test our claim. To our knowledge, this approach has never been applied to personality disorders. We applied network analysis to the nine Borderline Personality Disorder traits to explore their relationships in two samples drawn from university students and clinical populations (N = 1317 and N = 96, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038718/effects-of-a-theory-driven-educational-package-and-social-support-on-durability-of-cigarette-smoking-cessation-behavior-a-community-based-program
#9
Mohammad Ali Orouji, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Roya Sadeghi, Mohammad Rafiei
BACKGROUND: According to a World Health Organization (WHO) report, the prevalence of smoking in Iranian individuals aged 15-64 is up to 12%. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to determine the durability of smoking cessation behavior based on a trans-theoretical model. METHODS: This educational experimental study was conducted on smokers in Khomein City, Iran, in 2015. Sampling was done through a public announcement and then a random allocation of participants into two study group (50 persons) and control group (60 persons)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038094/transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-web-based-self-help-intervention-following-inpatient-psychotherapy-results-of-a-feasibility-study-and-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Robert Johansson, Ronald J Frederick, Gerhard Andersson, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders have become a major health issue, and a substantial number of afflicted individuals do not get appropriate treatment. Web-based interventions are promising supplementary tools for improving health care for patients with mental disorders, as they can be delivered at low costs and used independently of time and location. Although psychodynamic treatments are used frequently in the face-to-face setting, there has been a paucity of studies on psychodynamic Web-based self-help interventions...
October 16, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037865/voiding-school-as-a-treatment-of-daytime-incontinence-or-enuresis-children-s-experiences-of-the-intervention
#11
A Saarikoski, R Koppeli, S Salanterä, S Taskinen, A Axelin
BACKGROUND: Daytime incontinence and enuresis are common problems in otherwise healthy children, and negatively influence their social lives and self-esteem. Motivation for treatment is often a real clinical problem. Children's experiences of their incontinence treatments have not been previously described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's experiences of the Voiding School intervention as a treatment for their incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative, descriptive focus-group study with a purposive sample was conducted at a Finish university hospital in 2014...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037749/psychopathological-features-in-noonan-syndrome
#12
Francesca Perrino, Serena Licchelli, Giulia Serra, Giorgia Piccini, Cristina Caciolo, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Flavia Cirillo, Chiara Leoni, Maria Cristina Digilio, Giuseppe Zampino, Marco Tartaglia, Paolo Alfieri, Stefano Vicari
INTRODUCTION: Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, skeletal and haematological/lymphatic defects, distinctive facies, cryptorchidism, and a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects. Recurrent features also include variable cognitive deficits and behavioural problems. Recent research has been focused on the assessment of prevalence, age of onset and characterization of psychiatric features in this disorder. Herein, we evaluated the prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depressive symptoms and syndromes in a cohort of individuals with clinical and molecular diagnosis of NS...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036523/stress-dependent-association-between-polygenic-risk-for-schizophrenia-and-schizotypal-traits-in-young-army-recruits
#13
Alex Hatzimanolis, Dimitrios Avramopoulos, Dan E Arking, Anna Moes, Pallav Bhatnagar, Todd Lencz, Anil K Malhotra, Stella G Giakoumaki, Panos Roussos, Nikolaos Smyrnis, Panos Bitsios, Nicholas C Stefanis
Schizotypal personality traits may increase proneness to psychosis and likely index familial vulnerability to schizophrenia (SZ), implying shared genetic determinants with SZ. Here, we sought to investigate the contribution of common genetic risk variation for SZ on self-reported schizotypy in 2 ethnically homogeneous cohorts of healthy young males during compulsory military service, enrolled in the Athens Study of Proneness and Incidence of Schizophrenia (ASPIS, N = 875) and the Learning on Genetics of Schizophrenia Spectrum study (LOGOS, N = 690)...
June 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036439/do-brief-alcohol-interventions-among-unemployed-at-risk-drinkers-increase-re-employment-after-15-month
#14
Katja Haberecht, Sophie Baumann, Gallus Bischof, Beate Gaertner, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
Background: At-risk alcohol use is associated bi-directionally to unemployment, and decreases chances of re-employment. Brief alcohol interventions (BAI) can reduce at-risk alcohol use. This study aimed to investigate 15-month effects of BAI on unemployment among persons with at-risk alcohol use. Methods: As part of the randomized controlled 'Trial on proactive alcohol interventions among job-seekers, TOPAS', 1243 18- to 64-year-old job-seekers with at-risk alcohol use were systematically recruited at three job agencies in Germany (2008/09), and randomized to (i) a stage tailored intervention based on the trans-theoretical model of intentional behavior change (ST), (ii) a non-stage tailored intervention based on the theory of planned behavior (NST) and (iii) assessment only (AO)...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036239/-a-phd-completed-factors-subjectively-and-objectively-influencing-children-s-need-for-orthodontic-treatment-and-their-related-quality-of-life
#15
L Kragt-de Roos
Oral health can be measured from the perspective of the professional (objectively) and from the perspective of the patient (subjectively). However, objective and subjective oral health do not match well. The focus of this research, then, is the relationship between objective oral health, subjective oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children. These relationships were considered in connection with orthodontic problems. The research was carried out as part of the Generation R Study, a prospective study of the health of 10,000 children in Rotterdam, the Netherlands...
October 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034865/patients-attending-emergency-departments
#16
Martin Scherer, Dagmar Lühmann, Agata Kazek, Heike Hansen, Ingmar Schäfer
BACKGROUND: The number of patients in emergency departments has risen steadily in recent years, with a particular increase in patients not requiring urgent treatment. The aim of this study is to characterize this group of patients with respect to their sociodemographic features, health status, and reasons for attending an emergency department. METHODS: PiNo Nord is a cross-sectional observational study representing two full working weeks in five different hospitals...
September 29, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034724/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-yaounde-barrier-to-care
#17
C C Landefeld, L A Fomenou, F Ateba, P Msellati
Most HIV-infected children in Sub-Saharan Africa are born where programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) exist but are not universally operational. The expansion of PMTCT programs in Cameroon was among the largest in francophone Africa, but despite highly variable estimates of PMTCT uptake (ranging from 20% to 66%), it is clear that not enough HIV-infected pregnant Cameroonian women benefit from treatment to prevent HIV transmission to their children. The reasons why HIV-infected women in Cameroon do not use treatments to prevent this transmission remain partially unidentified...
October 16, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034125/the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-disaster-preparedness
#18
Mehdi Najafi, Ali Ardalan, Ali Akbarisari, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Helen Elmi
INTRODUCTION: Disaster preparedness is defined as actions that ensure resources necessary to carry out an effective response are available before a disaster. Disaster preparedness requires a thorough understanding of the factors that influence performance or nonperformance of disaster preparedness behaviors (DPB). The major aim of this research was to further our understanding of DPB based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of factors determining of DPB in a representative sample of 1233 Tehran inhabitants...
September 6, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033298/passive-smoking-and-parkinson-s-disease-in-california-teachers
#19
N M Gatto, D Deapen, Y Bordelon, S Marshall, L Bernstein, B Ritz
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking is consistently inversely associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) in men and women; recently this has been related to reverse causation, prompting questions as to whether similar patterns exist for passive smoke exposure. We used baseline and follow-up data from the California Teachers Study, a prospective cohort of women, to investigate whether timing, location and cumulative measures of intensity and duration of passive smoke exposure are associated with PD risk...
October 4, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033060/a-review-of-international-coverage-and-pricing-strategies-for-personalized-medicine-and-orphan-drugs
#20
REVIEW
Irina Degtiar
BACKGROUND: Personalized medicine and orphan drugs share many characteristics-both target small patient populations, have uncertainties regarding efficacy and safety at payer submission, and frequently have high prices. Given personalized medicine's rising importance, this review summarizes international coverage and pricing strategies for personalized medicine and orphan drugs as well as their impact on therapy development incentives, payer budgets, and therapy access and utilization...
September 29, 2017: Health Policy
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