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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474972/risk-factors-for-fecal-urgency-among-individuals-with-and-without-diarrhea-based-on-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Vikram Rangan, Shuji Mitsuhashi, Prashant Singh, Sarah Ballou, William Hirsch, Thomas Sommers, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Anthony Lembo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fecal urgency is a common symptom among patients with gastrointestinal disorders, but can also occur in healthy individuals with normal bowel habits. There have been few studies of fecal urgency in the general population. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the National Health and Nurition Examination Survey (NHANES) to analyze the prevalence of and risk factors for this symptom. METHODS: We analyzed data from 4,676 persons who completed the Bowel Health Questionnaire from the NHANES, from 2009 through 2010...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474696/situation-based-contingencies-underlying-wisdom-content-manifestations-examining-intellectual-humility-in-daily-life
#2
Corinne E Zachry, Le Vy Phan, Laura E R Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme
Objectives: Existing assessments of intellectual humility (IH)-a key component of wisdom-do not examine its manifestation in daily life while sufficiently focusing on the core idea of the construct: owning up to one's intellectual shortcomings. The present research sought to examine situational contingencies underlying daily manifestations of IH-relevant characteristics. Methods: We developed a trait version of the State-Trait IH Scale in two studies and subsequently examined daily manifestations of IH-relevant characteristics utilizing a contextualized state version of the State-Trait IH Scale in a 21-day experience sampling study...
February 21, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474282/online-physician-reviews-in-female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery-what-do-patients-really-want
#3
Kian Asanad, Pooja S Parameshwar, Justin Houman, Brennan M Spiegel, Timothy J Daskivich, Jennifer T Anger
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to qualitatively analyze online reviews of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery (FPMRS) specialists to better understand patients' experiences and improve patient satisfaction. METHODS: Fifty urologists and urogynecologists were randomly sampled from the Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine, and Urogenital Reconstruction membership website. We evaluated patient ratings and reviews of physicians from 4 websites: Yelp, Healthgrades, Vitals, and UCompareHealthCare...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474125/online-health-information-seeking-among-older-populations-family-influences-and-the-role-of-the-medical-professional
#4
Kate Magsamen-Conrad, Jeanette M Dillon, China Billotte Verhoff, Sandra L Faulkner
There are myriad technological devices, computer programs, and online information sources available for people to manage their health and the health of others. However, people must be technologically and health literate and capable of accessing, analyzing, and sharing the information they encounter. The authors interviewed middle-aged and older adults about their online health information seeking behavior and discovered that technology and health literacy are influenced by a collective ability to manage the health and technological needs of a family...
February 23, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473329/health-libraries-group-conference-2018
#5
EDITORIAL
Maria J Grant
It's conference time again! There is an exciting programme in prospect in this year's biennial Health Libraries Group (#HLG2018) conference covering key elements of library and information workers' daily practice. Uppermost in everyone's mind is the importance of ongoing personal and professional development with the Health Libraries Group Continuing Professional Development Panel putting this into practice as they host regional peer support sessions for presenters in the period leading up to the conference...
March 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473246/variantpathogenicity-evaluationin-the-community-driven-inherited-neuropathy-variant-browser
#6
Cima Saghira, Dana M Bis, David Stanek, Alleene Strickland, David N Herrmann, Mary M Reilly, Steven S Scherer, Michael E Shy, Stephan Züchner
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is an umbrella term for inherited neuropathies affecting an estimated 1 in 2500 people. Over 120 CMT and related genes have been identified and clinical gene panelsoften contain more than 100 genes. Such a large genomic space will invariantly yield variants of uncertain clinical significance (VUS) in nearly any person tested. This rise in number of VUS creates major challenges for genetic counseling. Additionally, fewer individual variants in known genes are being published as the academic merit is decreasing, and most testing now happens in clinical laboratories, which typically do not correlate their variants with clinical phenotypes...
February 22, 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472878/the-effects-of-martial-arts-training-on-attentional-networks-in-typical-adults
#7
Ashleigh Johnstone, Paloma Marí-Beffa
There is substantial evidence that training in Martial Arts is associated with improvements in cognitive function in children; but little has been studied in healthy adults. Here, we studied the impact of extensive training in Martial Arts on cognitive control in adults. To do so, we used the Attention Network Test (ANT) to test two different groups of participants: with at least 2 years of Martial Arts experience, and with no experience with the sport. Participants were screened from a wider sample of over 500 participants who volunteered to participate...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471839/controlled-education-of-patients-after-stroke-ceops-nurse-led-multimodal-and-long-term-interventional-program-involving-a-patient-s-caregiver-to-optimize-secondary-prevention-of-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Anne-Marie Mendyk, Alain Duhamel, Yannick Bejot, Didier Leys, Laurent Derex, Olivier Dereeper, Olivier Detante, Pierre-Yves Garcia, Olivier Godefroy, Francisco Macian Montoro, Jean-Philippe Neau, Sébastien Richard, Thierry Rosolacci, Igor Sibon, Denis Sablot, Serge Timsit, Mathieu Zuber, Charlotte Cordonnier, Régis Bordet
BACKGROUND: Setting up a follow-up secondary prevention program after stroke is difficult due to motor and cognitive impairment, but necessary to prevent recurrence and improve patients' quality of life. To involve a referent nurse and a caregiver from the patient's social circle in nurse-led multimodal and long-term management of risk factors after stroke could be an advantage due to their easier access to the patient and family. The aim of this study is to compare the benefit of optimized follow up by nursing personnel from the vascular neurology department including therapeutic follow up, and an interventional program directed to the patient and a caregiving member of their social circle, as compared with typical follow up in order to develop a specific follow-up program of secondary prevention of stroke...
February 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471758/impact-of-a-personalised-active-labour-market-programme-for-persons-with-disabilities
#9
Anna Adamecz-Völgyi, Petra Zsuzsa Lévay, Katalin Bördős, Ágota Scharle
AIMS: The paper estimates the impact of a supported employment programme implemented in Hungary. METHODS: This is a non-experimental evaluation using a matching identification strategy supported by rich data on individual characteristics, personal employment and unemployment history and the local labour market situation. We use a time-window approach to ensure that programme participants and matched controls entered unemployment at the same point in time, and thus faced very similar labour market conditions...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471747/voices-of-leadership-wisdom-from-women-leaders-in-neuropsychology
#10
Cheryl H Silver, Andreana Benitez, Kira Armstrong, Chriscelyn M Tussey
OBJECTIVE: Inspired by panel discussions at various neuropsychology conferences, the aim of this paper is to share wisdom that women in neuropsychology acquired from their leadership experiences. METHOD: We identified 46 women leaders in governance and academic research through reviews of organizational websites and journal editorial boards, and requested their response to brief questions via email. Twenty-one leaders provided responses to three questions formulated by the authors...
February 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471498/-it-was-the-best-worst-day-of-my-life-narrative-content-structure-and-process-in-wisdom-fostering-life-event-memories
#11
Nic M Weststrate, Michel Ferrari, Marc A Fournier, Kate C McLean
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine laypeople's subjective understanding of their own wisdom development. To do this, autobiographical memories of wisdom-fostering life events were examined for (a) life-event characteristics, and (b) self-reflective processes believed to support growth in wisdom through life experience. Methods: Midlife adults (N = 482) provided a written autobiographical memory of a wisdom-fostering life event. Memories were content analyzed by expert coders for life-event characteristics (i...
February 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471379/do-women-and-men-have-the-same-patterns-of-multiple-occupational-carcinogenic-exposures-results-from-a-cohort-of-cancer-patients
#12
Mélanie Bertin, Annie Thébaud-Mony, Emilie Counil
Complex exposure situations are frequent at the workplace, but few studies have characterized multiple occupational carcinogenic exposures (MOCE) and their gendered differences across jobs' characteristics. We assessed MOCE separately in male and female jobs and identified patterns of MOCE at job level. Participants (834 men and 183 women) were cancer patients recruited between March 2002 and December 2010 in the ongoing SCOP93 cohort study, Seine-Saint-Denis department, France. Job histories were collected through personal interviews, and carcinogenic exposures were assessed by a multidisciplinary expert committee using a list of 53 carcinogens...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470458/prevalence-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-united-states-2014
#13
Paul Mehta, Wendy Kaye, Jaime Raymond, Ruoming Wu, Theodore Larson, Reshma Punjani, Daniel Heller, Jessica Cohen, Tracy Peters, Oleg Muravov, Kevin Horton
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive and fatal neuromuscular disease; the majority of ALS patients die within 2-5 years of receiving a diagnosis (1). Familial ALS, a hereditary form of the disease, accounts for 5%-10% of cases, whereas the remaining sporadic cases have no clearly defined etiology (1). ALS affects persons of all races and ethnicities; however, whites, males, non-Hispanics, persons aged >60 years, and those with a family history of ALS are more likely to develop the disease (1-3)...
February 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469714/risky-business-behaviors-associated-with-indoor-tanning-in-us-high-school-students
#14
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
BACKGROUND: Understanding of associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among high school students across the United States is incomplete. OBJECTIVE: To identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning and analyze differences between state specific data. METHODS: Results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013 in 14 different states were analyzed...
September 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468380/guidelines-examination-of-victims-of-sexual-assault-harmonization-of-forensic-and-medico-legal-examination-of-persons
#15
B Ludes, A Geraut, M Väli, D Cusack, D Ferrara, E Keller, P Mangin, D N Vieira
Sexual assault is a complex situation with medical, psychological, and legal aspects. Forensic experts play a major role in terms of forensic and gynecological medical examination and evidence collection in order to maintain the chain of custody. Victims should be examined by a specially trained medico-legal examiner in order to avoid multiple examinations in the surroundings that do not meet minimum health standards. The evolution and treatment of sexual assault victims are time-intensive and should optimally be provided by a team that includes a forensic medical doctor...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468089/the-necessary-conditions-of-engagement-for-the-therapeutic-relationship-in-physiotherapy-an-interpretive-description-study
#16
Maxi Miciak, Maria Mayan, Cary Brown, Anthony S Joyce, Douglas P Gross
Background: The therapeutic relationship between patient and physiotherapist is a central component of patient-centred care and has been positively associated with better physiotherapy clinical outcomes. Despite its influence, we do not know what conditions enable a physiotherapist and patient to establish and maintain a therapeutic relationship. This knowledge has implications for how clinicians approach their interactions with patients and for the development of an assessment tool that accurately reflects the nature of the therapeutic relationship...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467699/when-project-commitment-leads-to-learning-from-failure-the-roles-of-perceived-shame-and-personal-control
#17
Wenzhou Wang, Bin Wang, Ke Yang, Chong Yang, Wenlong Yuan, Shanghao Song
Facing a remarkably changing world, researchers have gradually shifted emphasis from successful experiences to failures. In the current study, we build a model to explore the relationship between project commitment and learning from failure, and test how emotion (i.e., perceived shame after failure) and cognition (i.e., attribution for failure) affect this process. After randomly selecting 400 firms from the list of high-tech firms reported by the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission, we use a two-wave investigation of the employees, and the final sample consists of 140 teams from 58 companies in the technology industry in mainland China...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467123/successful-perioperative-management-in-a-patient-with-factor-xi-deficiency
#18
Margaret L McCarthy, Sarah M Ordway, Ryan M Jones, Jeremy G Perkins
Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is an autosomal disorder which manifests as bleeding of varying severity. While homozygotes typically experience more dramatic bleeding symptoms, heterozygotes may experience clinically significant bleeding following surgical procedures or trauma, and therefore the condition is not purely recessive. The clinical significance of FXI deficiency is complicated in that FXI levels do not correlate well with bleeding severity, and in fact the bleeding risk is variable even for an individual in response to different haemostatic challenges...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467098/retention-engagement-and-adherence-to-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-prep-brasil-48-week-results-of-a-demonstration-study
#19
Beatriz Grinsztejn, Brenda Hoagland, Ronaldo I Moreira, Esper G Kallas, Jose V Madruga, Silvia Goulart, Iuri C Leite, Lucilene Freitas, Luana M S Martins, Thiago S Torres, Ricardo Vasconcelos, Raquel B De Boni, Peter L Anderson, Albert Liu, Paula M Luz, Valdiléa G Veloso
BACKGROUND: PrEP Brasil was a demonstration study to assess feasibility of daily oral tenofovir diphosphate disoproxil fumarate plus emtricitabine provided at no cost to men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women at high risk for HIV within the Brazilian public health system. We report week 48 pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) retention, engagement, and adherence, trends in sexual behaviour, and incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in this study cohort. METHODS: PrEP Brasil was a 48 week, open-label, demonstration study that assessed PrEP delivery at three referral centres for HIV prevention and care in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Fundação Oswaldo Cruz), and São Paulo, Brazil (Universidade de São Paulo and Centro de Referência e Treinamento em DST e AIDS)...
February 16, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466425/institutional-transparency-improves-public-perception-of-lab-animal-technicians-and-support-for-animal-research
#20
Katelyn E Mills, Zetta Han, Jesse Robbins, Daniel M Weary
The use of animals in research is controversial and often takes place under a veil of secrecy. Lab animal technicians responsible for the care of animals at research institutions are sometimes described as performing 'dirty work' (i.e. professions that are viewed as morally tainted), and may be stigmatized by negative perceptions of their job. This study assessed if transparency affects public perceptions of lab animal technicians and support for animal research. Participants (n = 550) were randomly assigned to one of six scenarios (using a 3x2 design) that described identical research varying only the transparency of the facility (low, high) and the species used (mice, dogs, cows)...
2018: PloS One
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