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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#1
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. 'Experts by experience' lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086792/irish-general-practitioner-attitudes-toward-decriminalisation-and-medical-use-of-cannabis-results-from-a-national-survey
#2
Des Crowley, Claire Collins, Ide Delargy, Eamon Laird, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: Governmental debate in Ireland on the de facto decriminalisation of cannabis and legalisation for medical use is ongoing. A cannabis-based medicinal product (Sativex®) has recently been granted market authorisation in Ireland. This unique study aimed to investigate Irish general practitioner (GP) attitudes toward decriminalisation of cannabis and assess levels of support for use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP). METHODS: General practitioners in the Irish College of General Practitioner (ICGP) database were invited to complete an online survey...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081552/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-new-zealanders-support-for-euthanasia
#3
Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' support towards the legalisation of euthanasia and examine demographic and psychological factors associated with these attitudes. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included an item on people's attitudes towards euthanasia, and information on their demographic and psychological characteristics. RESULTS: The majority of New Zealanders expressed support for euthanasia, which was assessed by asking "Suppose a person has a painful incurable disease...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078803/why-do-they-care-narratives-of-physician-volunteers-on-motivations-for-participation-in-short-term-medical-missions-abroad
#4
Paul H Caldron, Ann Impens, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: Short-term medical missions (STMMs) refer to the provision of direct pro bono medical services in lower and middle income countries for periods ranging from days to a few weeks by physicians from rich countries. Survey data have provided limited information on demographic and professional profiles of physicians as well as monetary and manpower inputs. Understanding why physicians participate, however, remains incomplete. The study's objective was to elicit physicians' motivations directly...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075622/imaging-surveillance-after-primary-breast-cancer-treatment
#5
Diana L Lam, Nehmat Houssami, Janie M Lee
OBJECTIVE: Current clinical guidelines are consistent in supporting annual mammography for women after treatment of primary breast cancer. Surveillance imaging beyond standard digital mammography, including digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), breast ultrasound, and MRI, may improve outcomes. This article reviews the evidence on the performance and effectiveness of breast imaging modalities available for surveillance after treatment of sporadic unilateral primary breast cancer and identifies additional factors to be considered when selecting an imaging surveillance regimen...
January 11, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075238/safety-of-stationary-grinding-machines-impact-resistance-of-work-zone-enclosures
#6
Detlef Mewes, Christian Adler
Guards on machine tools are intended to protect persons from being injured by parts ejected with high kinetic energy from the work zone of the machine. Stationary grinding machines are a typical example. Generally such machines are provided with abrasive product guards closely enveloping the grinding wheel. However, many machining tasks do not allow the use of abrasive product guards. In such cases, the work zone enclosure has to be dimensioned so that, in case of failure, grinding wheel fragments remain inside the machine's working zone...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075219/how-do-assessments-of-activities-of-daily-living-address-executive-functions-a-scoping-review
#7
Frédérique Poncet, Bonnie Swaine, Elisabeth Dutil, Mathilde Chevignard, Pascale Pradat-Diehl
: Executive functions (EF) allow persons to adapt to situations arising in daily life and can be affected following acquired brain injury (ABI). Measuring the impact of EF impairments on the accomplishment of activities of daily living (ADL) requires specific assessment tools, but choosing the right tool may be difficult. PURPOSE: To conduct a scoping review on how assessments of ADL address EF and EF impairments in persons with ABI. METHOD: A scoping review of literature (peer-reviewed and grey literature) published until August 2014 was conducted...
January 11, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073816/technology-access-and-use-and-their-associations-with-social-engagement-among-older-adults-do-women-and-men-differ
#8
Jeehoon Kim, Hee Yun Lee, M Candace Christensen, Joseph R Merighi
OBJECTIVES: To examine how information and communication technology (ICT) access and use are conceptually incorporated in the Successful Aging 2.0 framework. METHOD: Using data from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (N = 6,476), we examined how ICT access and use for different purposes are associated with social engagement (i.e., informal and formal social participation) by gender. Weighted logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Findings revealed that men were more likely to access and use ICT than women...
October 8, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073334/through-a-glass-darkly
#9
Scott O Lilienfeld
In this rejoinder, I respond to the comments from three sets of eminent scholars regarding my critique of the microaggression research program (MRP). I concur with Haidt (2017, this issue) that a significant shortcoming of the MRP is its insufficient emphasis on the subjective appraisal of microaggressions. I concur with Ong and Burrow (2017, this issue) that intensive longitudinal studies of microaggressions should enhance our knowledge of their short-term and long-term impact, although I urge researchers to assess microaggressions in conjunction with personality traits using a multi-informant framework...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073051/older-peoples-strategies-for-coping-with-chronic-non-malignant-pain-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Marie Crowe, Deborah Gillon, Jennifer Jordan, Cate McCall
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that chronic pain is not recognised or managed effectively in older people. It is important to examine how older people cope with this because of the impact it can have on their quality of life and mortality. It will also enable nurses to work with older people to support effective coping skills and provide information on other useful coping strategies. OBJECTIVES: To examine how older people cope with non-malignant chronic pain. DESIGN: This is a qualitative meta-synthesis using Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative Research developed by Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation working group to evaluate the strength of the evidence...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071867/identifying-effective-nurse-led-care-transition-interventions-for-older-adults-with-complex-needs-using-a-structured-expert-panel
#11
Lianne Jeffs, Kerry Kuluski, Madelyn Law, Marianne Saragosa, Sherry Espin, Ella Ferris, Jane Merkley, Brenda Dusek, Monika Kastner, Chaim M Bell
BACKGROUND: Nursing plays a central role in facilitating care transitions for complex older adults, yet there is no consensus of the components of nurse-led care transitions interventions to facilitate high quality care transitions among complex older adults. A structured expert panel was established with the purpose of identifying effective nurse-led care transition interventions. METHODS: A modified Delphi consensus technique based on the RAND method was employed...
January 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069887/mandatory-physician-reporting-of-at-risk-drivers-the-older-driver-example
#12
Yll Agimi, Steven M Albert, Ada O Youk, Patricia I Documet, Claudia A Steiner
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: In a number of states, physicians are mandated by state law to report at-risk drivers to licensing authorities. Often these patients are older adult drivers who may exhibit unsafe driving behaviors, have functional/cognitive impairments, or are diagnosed with conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and/or seizure disorders. The hypothesis that mandatory physician reporting laws reduce the rate of crash-related hospitalizations among older adult drivers was tested...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069626/paramedics-views-on-their-seizure-management-learning-needs-a-qualitative-study-in-england
#13
Frances C Sherratt, Darlene Snape, Steve Goodacre, Mike Jackson, Mike Pearson, Anthony G Marson, Adam J Noble
INTRODUCTION: The UK ambulance service often attends to suspected seizures. Most persons attended to will not require the facilities of a hospital emergency department (ED) and so should be managed at scene or by using alternative care pathways. Most though are transported to ED. One factor that helps explain this is paramedics can have low confidence in managing seizures. OBJECTIVES: With a view to ultimately developing additional seizure management training for practicing paramedics, we explored their learning needs, delivery preferences and potential drivers and barriers to uptake and effectiveness...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069531/can-we-predict-who-will-respond-to-neurofeedback-a-review-of-the-inefficacy-problem-and-existing-predictors-for-successful-eeg-neurofeedback-learning
#14
REVIEW
O Alkoby, A Abu-Rmileh, O Shriki, D Todder
Despite the success of neurofeedback treatment in many cases, the variability in the efficacy of the treatment is high, and some studies report that a significant proportion of subjects does not benefit from it. Quantifying the extent of this problem is difficult, as many studies do not report the variability among subjects. Nonetheless, the ability to identify in advance those subjects who are - or who are not - likely to benefit from neurofeedback is an important issue, which is only now starting to gain attention...
January 6, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069493/-just-wear-dark-underpants-mainly-learning-from-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-with-early-discontinuation-of-the-contraceptive-implant
#15
Britt Lunde, Lisa Littman, Samantha Stimmel, Rima Rana, Adam Jacobs, Carol R Horowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Long acting reversible contraception, including the contraceptive implant, is recommended for teens and young women. However, some young women discontinue the implant early, and we seek to better understand their experiences. DESIGN: / Setting / Participants: We conducted interviews with 16 females ages 14 to 24 presenting for removal of the contraceptive implant within 6 months after placement at out-patient adolescent, family medicine and obstetrics and gynecology clinics...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069138/disparities-in-access-to-trauma-care-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-analysis
#16
Brendan G Carr, Ariel J Bowman, Catherine S Wolff, Michael T Mullen, Daniel N Holena, Charles C Branas, Douglas J Wiebe
BACKGROUND: Injury is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Accordingly, expanding access to trauma care is a Healthy People priority. The extent to which disparities in access to trauma care exist in the US is unknown. Our objective was to describe geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic disparities in access to trauma care in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of the US population in 2010 using small units of geographic analysis and validated estimates of population access to a Level I or II trauma center within 60minutes via ambulance or helicopter...
January 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068789/pragmatic-trial-of-video-education-in-nursing-homes-the-design-and-rationale-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#17
Vincent Mor, Angelo E Volandes, Roee Gutman, Constantine Gatsonis, Susan L Mitchell
Background/Aims Nursing homes are complex healthcare systems serving an increasingly sick population. Nursing homes must engage patients in advance care planning, but do so inconsistently. Video decision support tools improved advance care planning in small randomized controlled trials. Pragmatic trials are increasingly employed in health services research, although not commonly in the nursing home setting to which they are well-suited. This report presents the design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated the "real world" application of an Advance Care Planning Video Program in two large US nursing home healthcare systems...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068784/social-engagement-during-game-play-in-persons-with-alzheimer-s-innovative-practice
#18
Helen B Miltiades, W G Thatcher
This study examined social engagement during game play among persons with Alzheimer's. In addition to being engaged with the game, engagement with players was noticed. Players would congratulate each other when they won, and they encouraged each other to do well. Natural conversation occurred as a result of playing the game. The researchers observed that as placement accuracy increased, the players developed a friendly competition. They played to win and experienced a sense of accomplishment when they correctly matched tile pieces...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067920/-a-diastema-in-patients-with-a-disability-what-to-do
#19
H C B van Vliet-de Vries
People with a disability also sometimes lose a (front) tooth. Their closest relatives in particular are concerned that the person they love appears to be 'ordinary, natural and well-cared for' and often consider a diastema to be unacceptable. At the same time, they do not want to expose these patients to a painful, taxing treatment for purely aesthetic reasons. Fibre re-enforced adhesive bridges offer a very good alternative in such cases.
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065626/choosing-a-femoral-head-a-survey-study-of-academic-adult-reconstructive-surgeons
#20
Sumon Nandi, Matthew S Austin
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to examine how academic adult reconstructive surgeons have interpreted evidence on femoral head material in total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: A 16-question survey to evaluate attitudes toward ceramic and cobalt-chrome head use was emailed to 274 faculty at 42 US adult reconstruction fellowship programs. RESULTS: With 116 respondents, the response rate was 42.2%. Faculty use ceramic heads 72.9% of the time. The most common reason why respondents do not use ceramic heads is cost (44...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
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