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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236097/a-randomized-cohort-controlled-trial-to-compare-intern-sign-out-training-interventions
#1
Soo-Hoon Lee, Christopher Terndrup, Phillip H Phan, Sandra E Zaeh, Kwame Atsina, Nicole Minkove, Alexander Billioux, Souvik Chatterjee, Idoreyin Montague, Bennett Clark, Andrew Hughes, Sanjay V Desai
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have investigated the efficacy of specific sign-out protocols (such as the illness severity, patient summary, action list, situation awareness and contingency planning, and synthesis by reviewer [I-PASS] bundle), the implementation of a bundle can be time consuming and costly. We compared 4 sign-out training pedagogies on sign-out quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate training interventions that best enhance multidimensional sign-out quality measured by information exchange, task accountability, and personal responsibility...
December 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235418/dying-persons-perspectives-on-or-experiences-of-participating-in-research-an-integrative-review
#2
Melissa J Bloomer, Alison M Hutchinson, Laura Brooks, Mari Botti
BACKGROUND: Conducting research with dying persons can be controversial and challenging due to concerns for the vulnerability of the dying and the potential burden on those who participate with the possibility of little benefit. AIM: To conduct an integrative review to answer the question 'What are dying persons' perspectives or experiences of participating in research? DESIGN: A structured integrative review of the empirical literature was undertaken...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235409/engaging-indigenous-maori-and-inward-migrating-asian-professionals-into-a-pakeha-white-european-dominated-balint-community-in-new-zealand
#3
Timothy McMichael
This inquiry began with two questions: How can the established predominately Pakeha/Caucasian (White European) Balint community in New Zealand more successfully engage both indigenous populations of both Maori and Pacifica origin into Balint work? And what is the existing Balint community doing to address the lack of Asian members of the Balint community in New Zealand, at a time when Asian health professionals are being recruited into the health sector at an increasingly high rate in comparison to White European entrants to the profession? These questions, and their preliminary answers presented here, invite the reader to reflect on both the challenges and opportunities in reaching out to groups different from our own...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235133/operating-on-the-self-transforming-agency-through-obesity-surgery-and-treatment
#4
Else Vogel
In this article, I describe the processes through which patients diagnosed with 'morbid obesity' become active subjects through undergoing obesity surgery and an empowerment lifestyle programme in a Dutch obesity clinic. Following work in actor-network theory and material semiotics that complicates the distinction between active and passive subjects, I trace how agency is configured and re-distributed throughout the treatment trajectory. In the clinic's elaborate care assemblage - consisting of dieticians, exercise coaches and psychologists - the person is not only actively involved in his/her own change, the subject of intervention is the self as 'actor': his/her material constitution, inclinations and feelings...
December 12, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234823/-digital-learning-and-teaching-in-medical-education-already-there-or-still-at-the-beginning
#5
REVIEW
Sebastian Kuhn, Susanne Frankenhauser, Daniel Tolks
The current choice of digital teaching and learning formats in medicine is very heterogeneous. In addition to the widely used classical static formats, social communication tools, audio/video-based media, interactive formats, and electronic testing systems enrich the learning environment.For medical students, the private use of digital media is not necessarily linked to their meaningful use in the study. Many gain their experience of digital learning in the sense of "assessment drives learning", especially by taking online exams in a passive, consuming role...
December 12, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234295/punish-the-perpetrator-or-compensate-the-victim-gain-vs-loss-context-modulate-third-party-altruistic-behaviors
#6
Yingjie Liu, Lin Li, Li Zheng, Xiuyan Guo
Third-party punishment and third-party compensation are primary responses to observed norms violations. Previous studies mostly investigated these behaviors in gain rather than loss context, and few study made direct comparison between these two behaviors. We conducted three experiments to investigate third-party punishment and third-party compensation in the gain and loss context. Participants observed two persons playing Dictator Game to share an amount of gain or loss, and the proposer would propose unfair distribution sometimes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233157/medical-student-intervention-to-promote-effective-nicotine-dependence-and-tobacco-healthcare-mind-the-gap-single-centre-feasibility-randomised-trial-results
#7
Anusha Kumar, Kenneth D Ward, Lisa Mellon, Miriam Gunning, Sinead Stynes, Anne Hickey, Ronán Conroy, Shane MacSweeney, David Horan, Liam Cormican, Seamus Sreenan, Frank Doyle
BACKGROUND: Although brief cessation advice from healthcare professionals increases quit rates, smokers typically do not get this advice during hospitalisation, possibly due to resource issues, lack of training and professionals' own attitudes to providing such counselling. Medical students are a potentially untapped resource who could deliver cessation counselling, while upskilling themselves and changing their own attitudes to delivering such advice in the future; however, no studies have investigated this...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233071/biomarkers-of-stroke-recovery-consensus-based-core-recommendations-from-the-stroke-recovery-and-rehabilitation-roundtable
#8
Lara A Boyd, Kathryn S Hayward, Nick S Ward, Cathy M Stinear, Charlotte Rosso, Rebecca J Fisher, Alexandre R Carter, Alex P Leff, David A Copland, Leeanne M Carey, Leonardo G Cohen, D Michele Basso, Jane M Maguire, Steven C Cramer
The most difficult clinical questions in stroke rehabilitation are "What is this patient's potential for recovery?" and "What is the best rehabilitation strategy for this person, given her/his clinical profile?" Without answers to these questions, clinicians struggle to make decisions regarding the content and focus of therapy, and researchers design studies that inadvertently mix participants who have a high likelihood of responding with those who do not. Developing and implementing biomarkers that distinguish patient subgroups will help address these issues and unravel the factors important to the recovery process...
October 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232888/a-comparison-of-the-social-adaptive-perspective-and-functionalist-perspective-on-guilt-and-shame
#9
REVIEW
Heidi L Dempsey
Within the field of guilt and shame two competing perspectives have been advanced. The first, the social-adaptive perspective, proposes that guilt is an inherently adaptive emotion and shame is an inherently maladaptive emotion. Thus, those interested in moral character development and psychopathology should work to increase an individual's guilt-proneness and decrease an individual's shame-proneness. The functionalist perspective, in contrast, argues that both guilt and shame can serve a person adaptively or maladaptively-depending on the situational appropriateness, duration, intensity, and so forth...
December 11, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232320/the-impact-of-osteoarthritis-on-the-functioning-and-health-status-of-a-low-income-population-an-example-of-a-disability-paradox
#10
Jorge A Esquivel-Valerio, Wendy Marisol Orzua-de la Fuente, Brenda R Vázquez-Fuentes, Mario Alberto Garza-Elizondo, Roberto Negrete-López, Daniel O Treviño-Montes, Rebeca Thelma Martínez-Villarreal, Jaqueline Rodríguez-Amado, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas, Adalberto Loyola-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the impact of osteoarthritis on the functioning and health status of individuals living in a low-income urban community in Mexico. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, community-based study from December 2014 to November 2015, using the Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases methodology to identify cases of musculoskeletal disease in a sample of adults older than 18 years in Pueblo Nuevo, Apodaca, Mexico...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232317/attitude-of-nursing-students-toward-scientific-research-a-cross-sectional-study-in-turkey
#11
Seher Ünver, Remziye Semerci, Zeynep Kizilcik Özkan, Ilker Avcibaşi
BACKGROUND: Nursing, a social applied science, is a dynamic profession. Professional nurses must be curious, investigative, and open to learning as well as practice critical and analytic thinking to sustain their professionalism. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of nursing students toward scientific research. METHODS: A descriptive and cross-sectional study design was used. This study was conducted at a nursing department of a university in Turkey...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231078/do-i-really-feel-your-pain-comparing-the-effects-of-observed-and-personal-ostracism
#12
Anna Giesen, Gerald Echterhoff
It has been argued that "we feel the pain of others' ostracism as our own". However, it is unknown whether observed ostracism is as distressing as self-experienced ostracism. We conducted two studies to address this lacuna. In Study 1, participants played or observed an online ball-tossing game, in which they or a stranger were ostracized or included by others. In Study 2, participants imagined themselves or someone else being ostracized or included. Across both studies, self-experienced and observed ostracism had the same negative effect on mood...
December 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230963/unravelling-current-sexual-care-in-chronic-kidney-disease-perspective-of-social-workers
#13
Gaby F van Ek, Dirry Keurhorst, Esmée M Krouwel, Melianthe P J Nicolai, Marjolein E M Den Ouden, Henk W Elzevier, Hein Putter, Rob C M Pelger, Brenda L Den Oudsten
BACKGROUND: Fifty to eighty percent of patients suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience a form of sexual dysfunction (SD), even after renal transplantation. Despite this, inquiring about SD is often not included in the daily practice of renal care providers. OBJECTIVES: This paper explores the perspectives of renal social workers regarding sexual care for patients and evaluates their practice, attitude towards responsibility and knowledge of SD. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a 41-item online survey...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230115/interval-colorectal-cancers-at-ochsner-medical-center-where-do-we-stand
#14
Felicia Humphrey, Mariella Gastañaduy, James Smith, Charles B Whitlow
Background: An interval colorectal cancer is a cancer diagnosed prior to the recommended follow-up time from a previously negative colonoscopy. These cancers are thought to arise from a rapidly growing cancer, missed cancer, or incompletely resected adenomas. Our study aimed to identify interval cancers diagnosed during a 4-year period and to identify any potential risk factors associated with these cancers. Secondly, we compared our interval colorectal cancer rate with other published rates...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230071/west-hollywood-is-not-that-big-on-anything-but-white-people-constructing-gay-men-of-color
#15
Chong-Suk Han, George Ayala, Jay P Paul, Kyung-Hee Choi
Rather than a defined endpoint that is waiting to be discovered or developed, racial and sexual identities can be considered social identities which are fluid, malleable, and socially created through a social process that defines what it means to be a member of a social group. This paper expands the work on how social identities are constructed by examining personal anecdotes used by gay men of color to discuss how they come to see themselves as "gay men of color." In doing so, we find that gay men of color use a number of cultural tropes that provide them the framework necessary to structure their experiences within a larger social context of a largely white, heterosexual society...
2017: Sociological Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229591/clinic-versus-online-social-network-delivered-lifestyle-interventions-protocol-for-the-get-social-noninferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Monica L Wang, Molly E Waring, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Jessica L Oleski, Zachary Michaels, Jared M Goetz, Stephenie C Lemon, Yunsheng Ma, Sherry L Pagoto
BACKGROUND: Online social networks may be a promising modality to deliver lifestyle interventions by reducing cost and burden. Although online social networks have been integrated as one component of multimodality lifestyle interventions, no randomized trials to date have compared a lifestyle intervention delivered entirely via online social network with a traditional clinic-delivered intervention. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the design and methods of a noninferiority randomized controlled trial, testing (1) whether a lifestyle intervention delivered entirely through an online social network would produce weight loss that would not be appreciably worse than that induced by a traditional clinic-based lifestyle intervention among overweight and obese adults and (2) whether the former would do so at a lower cost...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229092/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-large-cohort-of-smokers
#17
Mathias Holm, Linus Schiöler, Eva Andersson, Bertil Forsberg, Thorarinn Gislason, Christer Janson, Rain Jogi, Vivi Schlünssen, Cecilie Svanes, Kjell Torén
BACKGROUND: There are few studies on predictors of smoking cessation in general populations. We studied the smoking cessation rate in relation to several potential predictors, with special focus on respiratory and cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Smokers (n = 4636) from seven centres in Northern Europe, born between 1945 and 1973, who answered a questionnaire in 1999-2001 (the RHINE study) were followed up with a new questionnaire in 2010-2012. Altogether 2564 answered the questionnaire and provided complete data on smoking...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226256/general-and-proximal-associations-between-unpaid-eldercare-time-constraints-and-subjective-well-being
#18
Jack Lam, Joan Garcia
Using 2012/13 American Time Use Survey, we find as compared to non-caregivers, caregivers report less time on personal care, social activities and sports and more time on housework. They also report higher stress and lower happiness when engaged in daily activities. Further, using diary information which captures activities during a 24-hour window, we compare caregivers on days they provide care and caregivers on days they do not provide care. Caregivers report more time on housework and less on paid work, and higher levels of sadness when engaged in daily activities...
March 2017: International Journal of Care and Caring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225161/self-efficacy-and-pressure-ulcer-prevention-after-spinal-cord-injury-results-from-a-nationwide-community-survey-in-switzerland-swisci
#19
Kerstin Hug, Caroline Stumm, Isabelle Debecker, Carolina Saskia Fellinghauer, Claudio Peter, Magret Hund-Georgiadis
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers (PUs) are a common and severe health condition in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Skin-care strategies for PU prevention are usually provided during first rehabilitation. However, individuals with SCI often do not perform these strategies continuously, especially after discharge. The influence of psychological factors such as general self-efficacy (GSE) on the performance of PU prevention behavior has not yet been sufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if persons with higher levels of GSE are more likely to perform skin-care strategies for PU prevention regularly...
December 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224633/over-the-counter-medicines-and-diabetes-care
#20
Jeff Taylor
OBJECTIVES: People with diabetes turn to over-the-counter (OTC) medicines for many ailments. The focus of this brief review is the impact common OTC medicines might have on this group of patients. METHODS: Three types of OTC medicines were selected as most deserving of attention: 3 herbal agents, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and cough/cold products. Existing literature was used to determine precautions that might be in order. RESULTS: Herbal/natural agents with the potential to impact blood sugar have been identified in various reports...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
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