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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530226/corrigendum-cochlear-gene-therapy-with-ancestral-aav-in-adult-mice-complete-transduction-of-inner-hair-cells-without-cochlear-dysfunction
#1
Jun Suzuki, Ken Hashimoto, Ru Xiao, Luk H Vandenberghe, M Charles Liberman
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep45524.
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526110/pulmonary-artery-sealing-with-ultrasonic-energy-in-open-lobectomy-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#2
Eric Goudie, Vicky Thiffault, Adeline Jouquan, Edwin Lafontaine, Pasquale Ferraro, Moishe Liberman
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary artery branch sealing in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical lobectomy is usually achieved with vascular endostaplers. Iatrogenic pulmonary artery injury may be caused by endostaplers. We evaluated the safety of pulmonary artery sealing with an ultrasonic energy vessel-sealing device in a phase I clinical trial evaluating in vivo safety of the device during open lobectomy. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo elective open (thoracotomy) pulmonary lobectomy were prospectively enrolled...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521479/association-between-non-melanoma-and-melanoma-skin-cancer-rates-vitamin-d-and-latitude
#3
Miguel Rivas, Elisa Rojas, Gloria M Calaf, Marcela Barberán, Claudio Liberman, Marcelo De Paula Correa
Vitamin D synthesis takes place in the skin due to solar ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation. Several studies have shown the association between low sun exposure, non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and a lack of vitamin D synthesis. Since such synthesis in the body depends on the exposure of the skin to solar UVB radiation (290-320 nm), experimental measurements of this type of solar radiation are important. Tarapaca University in Arica, Chile, established a solar UV radiation laboratory in 2006 and since then this laboratory has performed systematic experimental solar UVB measurements using a calibrated biometer instrument...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512359/the-perceived-stability-of-scenes-serial-dependence-in-ensemble-representations
#4
Mauro Manassi, Alina Liberman, Wesley Chaney, David Whitney
We are continuously surrounded by a noisy and ever-changing environment. Instead of analyzing all the elements in a scene, our visual system has the ability to compress an enormous amount of visual information into ensemble representations, such as perceiving a forest instead of every single tree. Still, it is unclear why such complex scenes appear to be the same from moment to moment despite fluctuations, noise, and discontinuities in retinal images. The general effects of change blindness are usually thought to stabilize scene perception, making us unaware of minor inconsistencies between scenes...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503234/error-reporting-from-the-da-vinci-surgical-system-in-robotic-surgery-a-canadian-multispecialty-experience-at-a-single-academic-centre
#5
Emad Rajih, Côme Tholomier, Beatrice Cormier, Vanessa Samouëlian, Thomas Warkus, Moishe Liberman, Hugues Widmer, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Abdullah M Alenizi, Malek Meskawi, Roger Valdivieso, Pierre-Alain Hueber, Pierre I Karakewicz, Assaad El-Hakim, Kevin C Zorn
INTRODUCTION: The goal of the study is to evaluate and report on the third-generation da Vinci surgical (Si) system malfunctions. METHODS: A total of 1228 robotic surgeries were performed between January 2012 and December 2015 at our academic centre. All cases were performed by using a single, dual console, four-arm, da Vinci Si robot system. The three specialties included urology, gynecology, and thoracic surgery. Studied outcomes included the robotic surgical error types, immediate consequences, and operative side effects...
May 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499741/the-origins-of-social-categorization
#6
REVIEW
Zoe Liberman, Amanda L Woodward, Katherine D Kinzler
Forming conceptually-rich social categories helps people to navigate the complex social world by allowing them to reason about the likely thoughts, beliefs, actions, and interactions of others, as guided by group membership. Nevertheless, social categorization often has nefarious consequences. We suggest that the foundation of the human ability to form useful social categories is in place in infancy: social categories guide the inferences infants make about the shared characteristics and social relationships of other people...
May 9, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498636/study-protocol-evaluating-the-use-of-bowel-stimulation-before-loop-ileostomy-closure-to-reduce-postoperative-ileus-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Richard Garfinkle, Nora Trabulsi, Nancy Morin, Terry Phang, Sender Liberman, Liane Feldman, Gerald Fried, Marylise Boutros
AIM: Postoperative ileus is the most commonly observed morbidity following ileostomy closure. Studies have demonstrated that the defunctionalized bowel of a loop ileostomy undergoes a series of functional and structural changes, such as atrophy of the intestinal villi and muscular layers, which may contribute to ileus. A single-center study in Spain demonstrated that preoperative bowel stimulation via the distal limb of the loop ileostomy decreased postoperative ileus, length of stay, and time to gastrointestinal function...
May 12, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471093/hybrid-coronary-revascularization-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease-a-meta-analysis
#8
Partha Sardar, Amartya Kundu, Michelle Bischoff, Saurav Chatterjee, Theophilus Owan, Ramez Nairooz, Jay Giri, Michael E Halkos, Henry Liberman, John S Douglas, Debabrata Mukherjee
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis evaluated the effectiveness of hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) compared to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for the treatment of multivessel coronary artery disease (MVCAD). BACKGROUND: HCR involves a combination of surgical and percutaneous techniques, which in selected patients may present an alternative to conventional CABG. METHODS: Databases were searched through June 30, 2016, and studies comparing HCR with CABG for treatment of MVCAD were selected...
May 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459732/goal-directed-fluid-therapy-does-not-reduce-primary-postoperative-ileus-after-elective-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Juan C Gómez-Izquierdo, Alessandro Trainito, David Mirzakandov, Barry L Stein, Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Nicolò Pecorelli, Liane S Feldman, Franco Carli, Gabriele Baldini
BACKGROUND: Inadequate perioperative fluid therapy impairs gastrointestinal function. Studies primarily evaluating the impact of goal-directed fluid therapy on primary postoperative ileus are missing. The objective of this study was to determine whether goal-directed fluid therapy reduces the incidence of primary postoperative ileus after laparoscopic colorectal surgery within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery program. METHODS: Randomized patient and assessor-blind controlled trial conducted in adult patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery program...
May 1, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450407/reply-to-kinzler-and-liberman-neural-correlate-provides-direct-evidence-that-infant-s-social-preferences-are-about-information
#10
Katarina Begus, Teodora Gliga, Victoria Southgate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450351/prospective-study-of-adenosine-on-atrioventricular-nodal-conduction-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-after-heart-transplant
#11
Jonathan N Flyer, Warren A Zuckerman, Marc E Richmond, Brett R Anderson, Tamar G Mendelsberg, Jennie M McAllister, Leonardo Liberman, Linda J Addonizio, Eric S Silver
Background -Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is common after heart transplant. Adenosine, the standard therapy for treating SVT in children and adults without transplant, is relatively contraindicated post-transplant due to a presumed risk of prolonged atrioventricular (AV) block in denervated hearts. This study tested whether adenosine caused prolonged asystole after transplant and if it was effective in blocking AV nodal conduction in these patients. Methods -This was a single center prospective clinical study including healthy heart transplant recipients ages 6 months - 25 years presenting for routine cardiac catheterization during 2015 - 2016...
April 27, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449028/surgical-therapy-of-thymic-tumours-with-pleural-involvement-an-ests-thymic-working-group-project
#12
Bernhard Moser, Elie Fadel, Dominique Fabre, Shaf Keshavjee, Marc de Perrot, Pascal Thomas, Geoffrey Brioude, Dirk Van Raemdonck, Sophie Viskens, Loic Lang-Lazdunski, Andrea Bille, Walter Weder, Wolfgang Jungraithmayr, Enrico Ruffini, Francesco Guerrera, David Gómez de Antonio, Moishe Liberman, Nuria Novoa, Marco Scarci, Stefan Janik, Walter Klepetko
OBJECTIVES: Surgery for thymic epithelial tumours (TETs) with pleural involvement is infrequently performed. Thus, the value of surgical therapy for primary or recurrent TETs with pleural involvement is not sufficiently defined yet. METHODS: Twelve institutions contributed retrospective data on 152 patients undergoing surgery (1977-2014) on behalf of the ESTS Thymic Working group. Outcome measures included overall (OS), cause-specific (CSS) and disease-free (DFS) survival as well as freedom from recurrence (FFR)...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444496/incidence-of-incisional-hernia-in-the-specimen-extraction-site-for-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Lawrence Lee, Maria Abou-Khalil, Sender Liberman, Marylise Boutros, Gerald M Fried, Liane S Feldman
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of incisional hernia(IH) may be affected by the choice of specimen extraction incision. The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the incidence of IH after midline and off-midline incisions in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: A systematic search was performed according to PRISMA guidelines to identify all comparative studies from January 1991-August 2016 on the incidence of IH after midline and off-midline(transverse or Pfannenstiel) incisions in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
April 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441673/gateways-to-the-laboratory-how-an-md-phd-program-increased-the-number-of-minority-physician-scientists
#14
Ruth Gotian, Jemella C Raymore, Shauna-Kay Rhooms, Laura Liberman, Olaf S Andersen
Traditional underrepresented minority (URM) groups (African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans) remain underrepresented among physician-scientists. To address the dearth of URM physician-scientists, in 1993 the Weill Cornell/Rockefeller/Sloan Kettering Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program developed a pipeline program, Gateways to the Laboratory (Gateways), which focuses on increasing the breadth and depth of the URM physician-scientist pipeline by offering an all-encompassing summer research training program which mirrors the life of a physician-scientist...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436306/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-has-limited-additional-yield-in-cryptogenic-stroke-evaluation-after-transesophageal-echocardiography
#15
Ava L Liberman, Rizwan E Kalani, Jessie Aw-Zoretic, Matthew Sondag, Vistasp J Daruwalla, Sumeet S Mitter, Richard Bernstein, Jeremy D Collins, Shyam Prabhakaran
Background The use of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is increasing, but its role in the diagnostic work-up following ischemic stroke has received limited study. We aimed to explore the added yield of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to identify cardio-aortic sources not detected by transesophageal echocardiography among patients with cryptogenic stroke. Methods A retrospective single-center cohort study was performed from 01 January 2009 to 01 March 2013. Consecutive patients who had both a stroke protocol cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and a transesophageal echocardiography preformed during a single hospitalization were included...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404217/children-s-expectations-about-conventional-and-moral-behaviors-of-ingroup-and-outgroup-members
#16
Zoe Liberman, Lauren H Howard, Nathan M Vasquez, Amanda L Woodward
Although children demonstrate robust social preferences for ingroup members early in ontogeny, it is not yet clear whether these preferences are based on children generally liking people who are more familiar or on children holding specific biased beliefs about people in their ingroup as compared with people in their outgroup. Here, we investigated the origins of humans' propensity to link ingroup members with positive behaviors and outgroup members with negative behaviors by asking whether linguistic group membership influences children's expectations of how people will act...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387163/case-report-angiosarcoma-in-the-upper-extremity-related-to-a-nonfunctioning-arteriovenous-fistula
#17
Andrea L Gale, Rex A W Marco, Shari R Liberman, Dmitry Zavlin, Anthony Echo
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma is a rare but aggressive malignancy with a high predilection for the head and neck. There have been few case reports of the development of angiosarcoma in a nonfunctional arteriovenous fistula in a hemodialysis patient. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, a retrospective chart analysis is conducted to present the case of a patient who received plastic surgical treatment at our hospital. RESULTS: We present the case of a 44-year-old male who presented with ischemic changes and paresthesias of the upper extremity associated with the development of angiosarcoma in an arteriovenous fistula...
April 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385884/classification-of-high-grade-glioma-into-tumor-and-nontumor-components-using-support-vector-machine
#18
D T Blumenthal, M Artzi, G Liberman, F Bokstein, O Aizenstein, D Ben Bashat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Current imaging assessment of high-grade brain tumors relies on the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology criteria, which measure gross volume of enhancing and nonenhancing lesions from conventional MRI sequences. These assessments may fail to reliably distinguish tumor and nontumor. This study aimed to classify enhancing and nonenhancing lesion areas into tumor-versus-nontumor components. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 MRI scans obtained from 32 patients with high-grade gliomas and 6 patients with brain metastases were included...
April 6, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376617/direct-imaging-of-carbon-nanotube-liquid-crystalline-phase-development-in-true-solutions
#19
Olga Kleinerman, Lucy Liberman, Natnael Behabtu, Matteo Pasquali, Yachin Cohen, Yeshayahu Talmon
Using direct-imaging cryogenic transmission and scanning electron microscopy, we show different stages of liquid-crystalline phase development in progressively more concentrated solutions of carbon nanotubes in chlorosulfonic acid: a dilute phase of individually dissolved carbon nanotubes; semidilute and concentrated isotropic phases; coexisting concentrated isotropic and nematic phases in local equilibrium with each other; and a fully liquid-crystalline phase. Nanometric resolution of cryogenic electron microscopy reveals carbon nanotube self-assembly into liquid-crystalline domains of several nanometers in width at very early stages...
April 13, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374464/wrongness-responsibility-and-conscientious-refusals-in-health-care
#20
Alida Liberman
In this article, I address what kinds of claims are of the right kind to ground conscientious refusals. Specifically, I investigate what conceptions of moral responsibility and moral wrongness can be permissibly presumed by conscientious objectors. I argue that we must permit HCPs to come to their own subjective conclusions about what they take to be morally wrong and what they take themselves to be morally responsible for. However, these subjective assessments of wrongness and responsibility must be constrained in several important ways: they cannot involve empirical falsehoods, objectionably discriminatory attitudes, or unreasonable normative beliefs...
April 3, 2017: Bioethics
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