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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338716/neurological-evidence-for-the-role-of-construal-level-in-future-directed-thought
#1
Paul E Stillman, Hyojin Lee, Xiaoyan Deng, Rao Unnava, William A Cunningham, Kentaro Fujita
The ability to mentally represent future events is a significant human psychological achievement. A challenge that people encounter is that they often lack detailed specifics about distant relative to near future events. Construal level theory (Liberman & Trope, 2014) proposes that people represent distant future events by their abstract and essential features - a process referred to as high-level construal. As events become temporally proximal, people represent events by their increasingly available and reliable concrete and idiosyncratic features - a process referred to as low-level construal...
February 21, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317660/safety-tolerability-and-efficacy-of-intradermal-rabies-immunization-with-debioject%C3%A2
#2
Paul Vescovo, Nils Rettby, Nirinarilala Ramaniraka, Julie Liberman, Karen Hart, Astrid Cachemaille, Laurent-Dominique Piveteau, Reto Zanoni, Pierre-Alexandre Bart, Giuseppe Pantaleo
In a single-center study, 66 healthy volunteers aged between 18 and 50years were randomized to be immunized against rabies with three different injection routes: intradermal with DebioJect™ (IDJ), standard intradermal with classical needle (IDS), also called Mantoux method, and intramuscular with classical needle (IM). "Vaccin rabique Pasteur®" and saline solution (NaCl 0.9%) were administered at D0, D7 and D28. Antigen doses for both intradermal routes were 1/5 of the dose for IM. Tolerability, safety and induced immunogenicity of IDJ were compared to IDS and IM routes...
March 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285046/children-use-partial-resource-sharing-as-a-cue-to-friendship
#3
Zoe Liberman, Alex Shaw
Resource sharing is an important aspect of human society, and how resources are distributed can provide people with crucial information about social structure. Indeed, a recent partiality account of resource distribution suggested that people may use unequal partial resource distributions to make inferences about a distributor's social affiliations. To empirically test this suggestion derived from the theoretical argument of the partiality account, we presented 4- to 9-year-old children with distributors who gave out resources unequally using either a partial procedure (intentionally choosing which recipient would get more) or an impartial procedure (rolling a die to determine which recipient would get more) and asked children to make judgments about whom the distributor was better friends with...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265103/unified-reduction-principle-for-the-evolution-of-mutation-migration-and-recombination
#4
Lee Altenberg, Uri Liberman, Marcus W Feldman
Modifier-gene models for the evolution of genetic information transmission between generations of organisms exhibit the reduction principle: Selection favors reduction in the rate of variation production in populations near equilibrium under a balance of constant viability selection and variation production. Whereas this outcome has been proven for a variety of genetic models, it has not been proven in general for multiallelic genetic models of mutation, migration, and recombination modification with arbitrary linkage between the modifier and major genes under viability selection...
March 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258074/cost-effectiveness-of-watchful-waiting-in-acute-otitis-media
#5
Di Sun, T J McCarthy, Danica B Liberman
BACKGROUND: American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for acute otitis media (AOM) allow for children meeting certain criteria to undergo watchful waiting (WW). The cost-effectiveness of this policy has not been evaluated in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective review of a random selection of 250 patients ≤18 years old with AOM in the emergency department of a tertiary care children's hospital was used to characterize current practice of AOM management...
March 3, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253231/baseline-prevalence-of-birth-defects-associated-with-congenital-zika-virus-infection-massachusetts-north-carolina-and-atlanta-georgia-2013-2014
#6
Janet D Cragan, Cara T Mai, Emily E Petersen, Rebecca F Liberman, Nina E Forestieri, Alissa C Stevens, Augustina Delaney, April L Dawson, Sascha R Ellington, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Julie E Dunn, Cathleen A Higgins, Robert E Meyer, Tonya Williams, Kara N D Polen, Kim Newsome, Megan Reynolds, Jennifer Isenburg, Suzanne M Gilboa, Dana M Meaney-Delman, Cynthia A Moore, Coleen A Boyle, Margaret A Honein
Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious brain abnormalities, but the full range of adverse outcomes is unknown (1). To better understand the impact of birth defects resulting from Zika virus infection, the CDC surveillance case definition established in 2016 for birth defects potentially related to Zika virus infection* (2) was retrospectively applied to population-based birth defects surveillance data collected during 2013-2014 in three areas before the introduction of Zika virus (the pre-Zika years) into the World Health Organization's Region of the Americas (Americas) (3)...
March 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247985/enrique-pichon-rivi%C3%A3-re-s-conception-of-reality-in-psychoanalysis
#7
Samuel Arbiser
The author places the subject of his paper in the context of the original views of a school of Argentinian psychoanalysts that differed from traditional conceptions of man and his relationship with the sociocultural context - that is, with reality. These were the analysts who followed Enrique Pichon Rivière and further developed his ideas - namely, Madeleine and Willy Baranger, José Bleger, and David Liberman. The author begins his exposition with a discussion of Pichon Rivière and culture. He then offers an outline of Pichon Rivière's particular conception of man, followed by a section on the Internal Group as the nexus between the psyche and reality...
February 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229398/stroke-chameleons-and-stroke-mimics-in-the-emergency-department
#8
REVIEW
Ava L Liberman, Shyam Prabhakaran
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We discuss the frequency of stroke misdiagnosis in the emergency department (ED), identify common diagnostic pitfalls, describe strategies to reduce diagnostic error, and detail ongoing research. RECENT FINDINGS: The National Academy of Medicine has re-defined and highlighted the importance of diagnostic errors for patient safety. Recent rates of stroke under-diagnosis (false-negative cases, "stroke chameleons") range from 2-26% and 30-43% for stroke over-diagnosis (false-positive cases, "stroke mimics")...
February 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228575/risk-of-pulmonary-embolism-after-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#9
Ava L Liberman, Alexander E Merkler, Gino Gialdini, Steven R Messé, Michael P Lerario, Santosh B Murthy, Hooman Kamel, Babak B Navi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) is a type of venous thromboembolism. Whether the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE) after CVT is similar to the risk after deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is unknown. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using administrative data from all emergency department visits and hospitalizations in California, New York, and Florida from 2005 to 2013. We identified patients with CVT or DVT and the outcome of PE using previously validated International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
March 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221030/control-of-grafting-density-and-distribution-in-graft-polymers-by-living-ring-opening-metathesis-copolymerization
#10
Tzu-Pin Lin, Alice B Chang, Hsiang-Yun Chen, Allegra L Liberman-Martin, Christopher M Bates, Matthew J Voegtle, Christina A Bauer, Robert H Grubbs
Control over polymer sequence and architecture is crucial to both understanding structure-property relationships and designing functional materials. In pursuit of these goals, we developed a new synthetic approach that enables facile manipulation of the density and distribution of grafts in polymers via living ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). Discrete endo,exo-norbornenyl dialkylesters (dimethyl DME, diethyl DEE, di-n-butyl DBE) were strategically designed to copolymerize with a norbornene-functionalized polystyrene (PS), polylactide (PLA), or polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) macromonomer mediated by the third-generation metathesis catalyst (G3)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192026/diabetes-technology-and-the-human-factor
#11
Alon Liberman, Maja Drobnic Radobuljac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157425/clinical-features-and-prognostic-factors-in-presumed-ocular-tuberculosis
#12
Cristhian A Urzua, Yrbani Lantigua, Sergio Abuauad, Paulina Liberman, Osvaldo Berger, Pablo Sabat, Victor Velasquez, Enzo Castiglione, Margarita Calonge
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical features in patients with presumed ocular tuberculosis (TB) and determine prognostic factors of visual outcomes and complications in this disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective case series of 35 patients (29 females, 6 males) with presumed ocular TB from referral centers in Chile and Spain between 2002 and 2012. Medical records were reviewed, and data regarding clinical features, complications, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), duration of disease, extraocular manifestations, and therapy were retrieved...
February 3, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156583/developing-a-supportive-oncology-program-in-a-cancer-institute-needs-assessment
#13
Tara Liberman, James D'Olimpio, Maria Carney
141 Background: Cancer patients experience significant symptom and psychosocial burden (Temel JS, et. al. N Engl J Med. 2010 Aug 19; 363(8):733-42. Early palliative care for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer.). Integration of supportive oncology programs within cancer centers has developed since the findings of Temel and Jackson. Addressing a growing need to manage patients comprehensively, the Northwell Health Divisions of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine and Hematology and Oncology partnered to initiate a community-based supportive oncology program...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145042/safety-of-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-for-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism-results-of-a-multicenter-registry-and-meta-analysis
#14
Tyler L Bloomer, Georges E El-Hayek, Michael C McDaniel, Breck C Sandvall, Henry A Liberman, Chandan M Devireddy, Gautam Kumar, Pete P Fong, Wissam A Jaber
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) in the treatment of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). BACKGROUND: The use of CDT for the treatment of acute submassive and massive PE is increasing in frequency. However, its safety and efficacy have not been well elucidated. METHODS: This study is made of two parts: one is a two-center registry of acute PE patients treated with CDT. The safety outcome evaluated was any major complication including fatal, intracranial (ICH), intraocular, or retroperitoneal hemorrhage or any overt bleeding requiring transfusion or surgical repair...
February 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109398/evaluation-of-the-mediastinum-differentiating-between-stations-4l-5-and-6-using-ebus-and-eus
#15
Anna Bendzsak, Ricardo Oliveira, Eric Goudie, Vicky Thiffault, Adeline Jouquan, Pasquale Ferraro, Moishe Liberman
Correct identification of mediastinal lymph node stations with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) requires knowledge of their ultrasonic anatomical positions and relations. The ultrasonic positions of the lymph node stations located in and around the aortopulmonary window (stations 4L, 5, and 6) can be more challenging to understand. The aim of this report is to describe the endosonographic anatomic positions of stations 4L, 5, and 6 and to demonstrate their locations using EUS and EBUS...
February 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087419/cochlear-synaptopathy-in-acquired-sensorineural-hearing-loss-manifestations-and-mechanisms
#16
REVIEW
M Charles Liberman, Sharon G Kujawa
Common causes of hearing loss in humans - exposure to loud noise or ototoxic drugs and aging - often damage sensory hair cells, reflected as elevated thresholds on the clinical audiogram. Recent studies in animal models suggest, however, that well before this overt hearing loss can be seen, a more insidious, but likely more common, process is taking place that permanently interrupts synaptic communication between sensory inner hair cells and subsets of cochlear nerve fibers. The silencing of affected neurons alters auditory information processing, whether accompanied by threshold elevations or not, and is a likely contributor to a variety of perceptual abnormalities, including speech-in-noise difficulties, tinnitus and hyperacusis...
January 10, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077455/symptomatic-carotid-occlusion-is-frequently-associated-with-microembolization
#17
Ava L Liberman, Ali Zandieh, Caitlin Loomis, Jonathan M Raser-Schramm, Christina A Wilson, Jose Torres, Koto Ishida, Swaroop Pawar, Rebecca Davis, Michael T Mullen, Steven R Messé, Scott E Kasner, Brett L Cucchiara
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Symptomatic carotid artery disease is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of cerebral ischemia among patients with carotid occlusion remain underexplored. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of patients hospitalized within 7 days of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack because of ≥50% carotid artery stenosis or occlusion. Transcranial Doppler emboli detection was performed in the middle cerebral artery ipsilateral to the symptomatic carotid...
February 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074327/when-should-negative-endobronchial-ultrasonography-findings-be-confirmed-by-a-more-invasive-procedure
#18
Basil S Nasir, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Moishe Liberman
The treatment of non-small cell lung cancer is largely dependent on accurate staging in order to determine appropriate therapy. Despite advances in imaging, such as computed tomography and positron emission tomography, invasive mediastinal staging is frequently needed to rule out mediastinal involvement prior to curative-intent stereotactic ablative radiotherapy or surgical resection. Surgical mediastinal staging with mediastinoscopy, or anterior mediastinotomy, were traditionally considered the gold standard for invasive mediastinal staging...
January 10, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074323/changes-in-cerebral-metabolism-during-ketogenic-diet-in-patients-with-primary-brain-tumors-1-h-mrs-study
#19
Moran Artzi, Gilad Liberman, Nachum Vaisman, Felix Bokstein, Faina Vitinshtein, Orna Aizenstein, Dafna Ben Bashat
Normal brain cells depend on glucose metabolism, yet they have the flexibility to switch to the usage of ketone bodies during caloric restriction. In contrast, tumor cells lack genomic and metabolic flexibility and are largely dependent on glucose. Ketogenic-diet (KD) was suggested as a therapeutic option for malignant brain cancer. This study aimed to detect metabolic brain changes in patients with malignant brain gliomas on KD using proton magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). Fifty MR scans were performed longitudinally in nine patients: four patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GB) treated with KD in addition to bevacizumab; one patient with gliomatosis-cerebri treated with KD only; and four patients with recurrent GB who did not receive KD...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061041/other-ways-of-knowing
#20
Negin Hajizadeh, Melissa J Basile, Andrzej Kozikowski, Meredith Akerman, Tara Liberman, Thomas McGinn, Michael A Diefenbach
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may suffer severe respiratory exacerbations and need to decide between accepting life-sustaining treatments versus foregoing these treatments (choosing comfort care only). We designed the InformedTogether decision aid to inform this decision and describe results of a pilot study to assess usability focusing on participants' trust in the content of the decision aid, acceptability, recommendations for improvement, and emotional reactions to this emotionally laden decision...
December 1, 2016: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
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