keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Multiple pregnancies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815848/inflammation-and-fertility-in-the-mare
#1
REVIEW
M Christoffersen, Mht Troedsson
A transient uterine inflammation post-breeding is a normal physiological reaction in the mare, and it is believed that the inflammatory response is necessary to eliminate bacteria and excess spermatozoa introduced into the uterine lumen. A tight balance between multiple pro- and anti-inflammatory factors is required for resolving the breeding-induced inflammation within 24-36 hr in the reproductively healthy mare, whereas a subpopulation of mares is susceptible to development of a persistent infection that can interfere with fertility...
August 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813528/maternal-and-fetal-risk-factors-for-stillbirth-in-northern-tanzania-a-registry-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Francisca S Chuwa, Amasha H Mwanamsangu, Benjamin G Brown, Sia E Msuya, Elizabeth E Senkoro, Oresta P Mnali, Festo Mazuguni, Michael J Mahande
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth is a major cause of perinatal mortality and occurs disproportionately in developing countries including Tanzania. However, there is scant information regarding the predictors of this condition in Tanzania. This study aimed to determine maternal and fetal risk factors for stilbirth in northen Tanzania. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective cohort study was performed using maternally-linked data from the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre birth registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809839/a-novel-mammary-fat-pad-transplantation-technique-to-visualize-the-vessel-generation-of-vascular-endothelial-stem-cells
#3
Qing Cissy Yu, Wenqian Song, Dengwen Lai, Yi Arial Zeng
Endothelial cells (ECs) are the fundamental building blocks of the vascular architecture and mediate vascular growth and remodeling to ensure proper vessel development and homeostasis. However, studies on endothelial lineage hierarchy remain elusive due to the lack of tools to gain access as well as to directly evaluate their behavior in vivo. To address this shortcoming, a new tissue model to study angiogenesis using the mammary fat pad has been developed. The mammary gland develops mostly in the postnatal stages, including puberty and pregnancy, during which robust epithelium proliferation is accompanied by extensive vascular remodeling...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809041/complex-malformations-involving-the-fetal-body-wall-definition-and-classification-issues
#4
Julia Bijok, Diana Massalska, Anna Kucińska-Chahwan, Anna Posiewka, Alicja Ilnicka, Grzegorz Jakiel, Tomasz Roszkowski
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the sonographic features, cytogenetic results and pregnancy outcomes in complex malformations involving the body wall in a large cohort of fetuses with regard to different definitions proposed in the literature. METHOD: A retrospective study on 96 fetuses with complex malformations comprising ventral wall, craniofacial structures, limbs and umbilical cord that were evaluated between 1997 and 2015. RESULTS: The most common sonographic finding was an extensive ventral wall defect (95...
August 14, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806494/body-piercing-motivations-and-implications-for-health
#5
REVIEW
Cheri Van Hoover, Carol-Ann Rademayer, Cindy L Farley
Body piercing has evolved from a behavior once considered extreme to an accepted choice among the general population. Earlobe piercing is so common that it is now considered a normative behavior. The motivations for choosing body piercing have changed and are associated with piercing site and number of piercings chosen by the individual. Meanings ascribed to body piercing were traditionally related to enhanced sexual desirability and experience, but now range from the innocuous, such as a fashion statement, to the risk laden, such as nonsuicidal self-injury...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802911/childhood-maltreatment-and-high-dietary-fat-intake-behaviors-in-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#6
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a wide range of chronic medical conditions including obesity, other metabolic events and eating disorders. However, little is known about the association between childhood maltreatment and high dietary fat intake. This study addresses the extent to which co-occurring and specific forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment are associated with self-reported high dietary fat intake in adulthood and whether there is a gender-childhood maltreatment interaction in predicting this association...
August 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802823/access-to-and-use-of-health-services-as-factors-associated-with-neonatal-mortality-in-the-north-northeast-and-vale-do-jequitinhonha-regions-brazil
#7
Cristiane B Batista, Márcia L de Carvalho, Ana Glória G Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with neonatal mortality related to health services accessibility and use. METHODS: Case-control study of live births in 2008 in small- and medium-sized municipalities in the North, Northeast, and Vale do Jequitinhonha regions, Brazil. A probabilistic sample stratified by region, population size, and information adequacy was generated for the choice of municipalities. Of these, all municipalities with 20,000 inhabitants or less were included in the study (36 municipalities), whereas the remainder were selected according to the probability method proportional to population size, totaling 20 cities with 20,001-50,000 inhabitants and 19 municipalities with 50,001-200,000 inhabitants...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802822/stillbirth-prevalence-in-brazil-an-exploration-of-regional-differences
#8
Taiana Silva Carvalho, Pat Doyle, Lucia Campos Pellanda
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a large, heterogeneous, and diverse country, marked by social, economic, and regional inequalities. Stillbirth is a global concern, especially in low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the prevalence and possible determinants of stillbirth in different regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study including all women of reproductive age who had had a pregnancy in the last five years, enrolled in the most recent Brazilian Demographic and Health Survey (DHS/PNDS-2006/07)...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800968/routine-%C3%AE-hcg-monitoring-for-single-dose-methotrexate-treatment-in-ectopic-pregnancy
#9
Yuxin Dai, Guorui Zhang, Lan Zhu, Jinghe Lang, Zhufeng Liu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an alternative monitoring protocol without D4 β-HCG measurement for predicting the need for a repeated methotrexate (MTX) dose in patients undergoing single-dose MTX therapy for ectopic pregnancy. DESIGN: Single center, Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: 184 ectopic pregnancy patients who were treated with MTX between January 2009 and December 2016 were included in the study...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800668/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-puerperium
#10
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of direct maternal deaths in the developed countries. The incidence of VTE has increased significantly during the past two decades. The absolute risk of VTE is estimated 0.6-2.2 per 1000 deliveries. Compared with age-matched non-pregnant women, the daily risk of VTE is increased 7- to 10-fold for antepartum VTE, but it is 15- to 35-fold for postpartum VTE. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during the first 6 weeks postpartum is nearly 15-fold higher compared to the incidence in pregnancy, and remains significantly increased up to 12 weeks postpartum...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799824/high-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-pregnant-women-in-a-low-income-south-african-community
#11
Maanda Mudau, Remco P Peters, Lindsey De Vos, Dawie H Olivier, Dvora J Davey, Edwin S Mkwanazi, James A McIntyre, Jeffrey D Klausner, Andrew Medina-Marino
There is a lack of evidence on the burden of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) among HIV-infected pregnant women in South Africa. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of HIV-infected pregnant women in two healthcare facilities in a South African township to determine the prevalence of CT, NG and TV. HIV-infected pregnant women were recruited during the first antenatal care visit for their current pregnancy and requested to self-collect vulvovaginal swab specimens...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798891/hiv-positive-women-taking-lifelong-antiretroviral-therapy-report-better-adherence-than-women-taking-short-course-prophylaxis-during-and-after-pregnancy-under-pmtct-program-option-a-in-lusaka-zambia
#12
Karen M Hampanda, Lisa L Abuogi, Yusuf Ahmed
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: HIV-positive women's adherence to antiretrovirals is critical for prevention of mother-to-child transmission. We aimed to establish if mothers taking triple lifelong antiretroviral therapy report higher adherence compared to mothers taking short-course prophylaxis under Option A in Lusaka, Zambia. METHODS: In this clinic-based cross-sectional study, we interviewed 320 HIV-positive mothers at a large public health facility in Lusaka in 2014...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795050/mixed-double-embryo-transfer-a-promising-approach-for-patients-with-repeated-implantation-failure
#13
Georgi Stamenov Stamenov, Dimitar Angelov Parvanov, Todor Angelov Chaushev
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of frozen mixed double-embryo transfer (MDET; the simultaneous transfer of day 3 and day 5 embryos) in comparison with frozen blastocyst double-embryo transfer (BDET; transfer of two day 5 blastocysts) in patients with repeated implantation failure (RIF). METHODS: A total of 104 women with RIF who underwent frozen MDET (n=48) or BDET (n=56) with excellent-quality embryos were included in this retrospective analysis...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794206/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-did-not-affect-human-milk-oligosaccharides-and-bioactive-proteins-in-a-randomized-trial
#14
Josh M Jorgensen, Charles Arnold, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, David Chaima, Yin Bun Cheung, Jasmine Cc Davis, Yue-Mei Fan, Elisha Goonatilleke, Emma Kortekangas, Chiza Kumwenda, Carlito B Lebrilla, Kenneth Maleta, Sarah M Totten, Lauren D Wu, Kathryn G Dewey
Background: Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) and bioactive proteins are beneficial to infant health. Recent evidence suggests that maternal nutrition may affect the amount of HMOs and proteins in breast milk; however, the effect of nutrient supplementation on HMOs and bioactive proteins has not yet been well studied.Objective: We aimed to determine whether lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) affect milk bioactive protein and HMO concentrations at 6 mo postpartum in women in rural Malawi. These are secondary outcomes of a previously published randomized controlled trial...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793991/trial-of-ready-to-use-supplemental-food-and-corn-soy-blend-in-pregnant-malawian-women-with-moderate-malnutrition-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Andrew A Schaffner, Patsy Garcia, Jocelyn Fry, Rachael Eckert, Shirin Malek, Indi Trehan, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kenneth M Maleta, Mark J Manary, Peggy C Papathakis
Background: Malnutrition during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa is associated with poor birth outcomes.Objective: This study compared maternal and offspring anthropometry for moderately malnourished pregnant women receiving ready-to-use supplemental food (RUSF), a fortified corn-soy blend (CSB+) with a daily multiple micronutrient antenatal supplement [United Nations International Multiple Micronutrient Preparation (UNIMMAP)], or standard of care comprising CSB+ and iron and folic acid (IFA).Design: A single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in southern Malawi among 1828 pregnant women with moderate malnutrition, defined as a midupper arm circumference (MUAC) ≥20...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793950/multidimensional-psychological-stress-during-pregnancies-in-women-who-conceived-via-in-vitro-fertilization
#16
Eleanor L Stevenson, Susan Silva
PURPOSE: To explore relationships among the 3 psychological dimensions of stress, stimulus/environmental, perceptual, and emotional response, and then to develop a multidimensional composite measure of overall stress, and to determine demographic and clinical characteristics associated with stress in women who became pregnant via in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Cross-sectional design using self-report questionnaires during the second trimester. Multidimensional stress was assessed with the Prenatal Life Events Scale, Life Event Distress Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Index-State, and the Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Measure...
August 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792500/malaria-malnutrition-and-birthweight-a-meta-analysis-using-individual-participant-data
#17
Jordan E Cates, Holger W Unger, Valerie Briand, Nadine Fievet, Innocent Valea, Halidou Tinto, Umberto D'Alessandro, Sarah H Landis, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Kathryn G Dewey, Feiko O Ter Kuile, Meghna Desai, Stephanie Dellicour, Peter Ouma, Julie Gutman, Martina Oneko, Laurence Slutsker, Dianne J Terlouw, Simon Kariuki, John Ayisi, Mwayiwawo Madanitsa, Victor Mwapasa, Per Ashorn, Kenneth Maleta, Ivo Mueller, Danielle Stanisic, Christentze Schmiegelow, John P A Lusingu, Anna Maria van Eijk, Melissa Bauserman, Linda Adair, Stephen R Cole, Daniel Westreich, Steven Meshnick, Stephen Rogerson
BACKGROUND: Four studies previously indicated that the effect of malaria infection during pregnancy on the risk of low birthweight (LBW; <2,500 g) may depend upon maternal nutritional status. We investigated this dependence further using a large, diverse study population. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We evaluated the interaction between maternal malaria infection and maternal anthropometric status on the risk of LBW using pooled data from 14,633 pregnancies from 13 studies (6 cohort studies and 7 randomized controlled trials) conducted in Africa and the Western Pacific from 1996-2015...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791488/the-bruce-effect-revisited-is-pregnancy-termination-in-female-rodents-an-adaptation-to-ensure-breeding-success-after-male-turnover-in-low-densities
#18
Jana A Eccard, Melanie Dammhahn, Hannu Ylönen
Pregnancy termination after encountering a strange male, the Bruce effect, is regarded as a counterstrategy of female mammals towards anticipated infanticide. While confirmed in caged rodent pairs, no verification for the Bruce effect existed from experimental field populations of small rodents. We suggest that the effect may be adaptive for breeding rodent females only under specific conditions related to populations with cyclically fluctuating densities. We investigated the occurrence of delay in birth date after experimental turnover of the breeding male under different population composition in bank voles (Myodes glareolus) in large outdoor enclosures: one-male-multiple-females (n = 6 populations/18 females), multiple-males-multiple-females (n = 15/45), and single-male-single-female (MF treatment, n = 74/74)...
August 9, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789981/tobacco-and-nicotine-delivery-product-use-in-a-national-sample-of-pregnant-women
#19
Allison N Kurti, Ryan Redner, Alexa A Lopez, Diana R Keith, Andrea C Villanti, Cassandra A Stanton, Diann E Gaalema, Janice Y Bunn, Nathan J Doogan, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Megan E Roberts, Julie Phillips, Stephen T Higgins
Monitoring use of tobacco products among pregnant women is a public health priority, yet few studies in U.S. national samples have been reported on this topic. We examined prevalence and correlates of using cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other tobacco/nicotine delivery products in a U.S. national sample of pregnant women. Data were obtained from all pregnant women (≥18 years) in the first wave of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH, 2013-2014) Study (N=388). Prevalence of current and prior use of tobacco/nicotine products was examined overall and among current cigarette smokers...
August 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783528/maternal-body-mass-index-is-a-better-indicator-of-large-for-gestational-age-infants-compared-with-a-75-g-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-in-early-pregnancy-the-jags-trial
#20
Noriyuki Iwama, Takashi Sugiyama, Hirohito Metoki, Hideto Kusaka, Jota Maki, Hidekazu Nishigori, Nobuo Yaegashi, Norimasa Sagawa, Yuji Hiramatsu, Nagayasu Toyoda
AIMS: There is no previous study comparing the predictive ability of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) versus a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in early pregnancy for large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants. METHODS: This multi-institutional prospective cohort study included 966 pregnant Japanese women. A multiple logistic regression model was applied to compare the effect size of pre-pregnancy BMI, fasting plasma glucose (PG), and 1- and 2-h PG levels after a 75-g OGTT performed before 22weeks gestation for LGA...
July 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
113638
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"