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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526040/catching-a-floating-thrombus-a-case-report-on-the-treatment-of-a-large-thrombus-in-the-ascending-aorta
#1
Gijs Eduard de Maat, Giorgio Vigano, Massimo Alessandro Mariani, Ehsan Natour
BACKGROUND: The ascending aorta is an uncommon site for non-infective thrombus. In non-aneurysmal and non-atherosclerotic vessels this condition becomes extremely rare, while it represents a source of potential cerebral and peripheral embolic events. Currently, there is no consensus in the guidelines on how to treat a free floating thrombus in ascending aorta, therefore we present our decision making process and therapeutic strategy. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 48-year-old man was hospital admitted with acute abdominal pain...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522668/treatment-of-tandem-internal-carotid-artery-aneurysms-using-a-single-pipeline-embolization-device-evaluation-of-safety-and-efficacy
#2
N Adeeb, J M Moore, C J Griessenauer, P M Foreman, H Shallwani, A A Dmytriw, H Shakir, A H Siddiqui, E I Levy, J M Davies, M R Harrigan, A J Thomas, C S Ogilvy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tandem aneurysms are defined as multiple aneurysms located in close proximity on the same parent vessel. Endovascular treatment of these aneurysms has rarely been reported. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a single Pipeline Embolization Device for the treatment of tandem aneurysms of the internal carotid artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of consecutive aneurysms treated with the Pipeline Embolization Device between 2009 and 2016 at 3 institutions in the United States was performed...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516094/combined-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-arch-aneurysm
#3
Yuanjia Zhu, Eric E Roselli, Jay J Idrees, Samir Kapadia, Lars G Svensson
An 83-year-old male with multiple comorbidities presented with critical aortic stenosis and a saccular aortic arch aneurysm. Through a mini thoracotomy, a balloon expandable transcatheter aortic valve was delivered transapically. A thoracic stent graft was then delivered through the prosthetic valve and deployed in the arch, while a covered stent was deployed in the left common carotid artery. Three-year postoperative computed tomography showed a thrombosed arch aneurysm with decreased size. This case demonstrates the feasibility of using combined transapical transcatheter technologies to treat multicomponent disease in a high-risk patient during a single operation...
October 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502970/is-regular-screening-for-intracranial-aneurysm-necessary-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Zien Zhou, Ying Xu, Candice Delcourt, Jiehui Shan, Qiang Li, Jianrong Xu, Maree L Hackett
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of intracranial aneurysm in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is higher than that among the general population. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on the prevalence and natural history of intracranial aneurysm among patients with ADPKD. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Scopus, from inception to July 2016, were searched for studies reporting the occurrence of intracranial aneurysms among participants with ADPKD...
May 13, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501661/extensive-cerebrovascular-and-visceral-artery-dissection-and-pseudoaneurysm-with-underlying-segmental-arterial-mediolysis
#5
Abhishek Sethi, Jonathan R Hyde, Christina M Thaler, Nedaa Skeik
Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a non-atherosclerotic, non-hereditary vasculopathy that most commonly involves abdominal aortic branches and predominantly affects middle-age and elderly populations. Lysis of the outer arterial media results in separation of the media from the adventitia leading to dissecting aneurysms and/or pseudoaneurysms. We report a unique case of a 47-year-old man who presented with bilateral internal carotid artery dissection followed by dissections and aneurysms involving multiple visceral arteries...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500877/clinically-isolated-aortitis-pitfalls-progress-and-possibilities
#6
REVIEW
Ilkay Cinar, He Wang, James R Stone
Non-infectious aortitis may be caused by several distinct systemic rheumatologic diseases. In some patients, aortitis is identified either pathologically or radiologically in the absence of clinical evidence of a systemic vasculitis. By consensus nomenclature, such cases are referred to as clinically isolated aortitis (CIA). Some systemic disorders may initially present as CIA including giant cell arteritis (GCA), IgG4-related disease, infectious aortitis, and granulomatosis with polyangiitis. CIA most commonly occurs in women of European descent over the age of 50 and, thus, mirrors the gender, age, and geographic distribution of GCA...
April 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498294/target-serum-sodium-levels-during-intensive-care-unit-management-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#7
Tomoya Okazaki, Toru Hifumi, Kenya Kawakita, Hajime Shishido, Daisuke Ogawa, Masanobu Okauchi, Atsushi Shindo, Masahiko Kawanishi, Takashi Tamiya, Yasuhiro Kuroda
INTRODUCTION: Dysnatremia commonly occur in the intensive care unit (ICU)- management of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, detailed management strategies have not been provided even by current guidelines. The purposes of this study were to examine the association of abnormal serum sodium levels with unfavorable neurologic outcomes and to identify the target range of serum sodium in patients with SAH. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who were consecutively hospitalized with a confirmed diagnosis of SAH between January 2009 and December 2015...
May 11, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486829/self-efficacy-is-an-independent-predictor-for-postoperative-six-minute-walk-distance-after-elective-open-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#8
Kazuhiro Hayashi, Kiyonori Kobayashi, Miho Shimizu, Yohei Tsuchikawa, Akio Kodama, Kimihiro Komori, Yoshihiro Nishida
OBJECTIVES: Open surgery is performed to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), although the subsequent surgical stress leads to worse physical status. Preoperative self-efficacy has been reported to predict postoperative physical status after orthopedic surgery; however, it has not been sufficiently investigated in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the correlation between preoperative self-efficacy and postoperative six-minute walk distance (6MWD) in open AAA surgery...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486388/effect-of-beta-blockers-on-mortality-after-open-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#9
Husain N Alshaikh, Joseph K Canner, Mahmoud Malas
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of perioperative beta blocker (BB) use on postoperative in-hospital mortality after open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (OAR). BACKGROUND: Postoperative mortality after OAR ranges from 3.0% to 4.5%. Insight about the effect of BBs on postoperative mortality after OAR is currently lacking. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients undergoing OAR from 2009-Q3 to 2015-Q1 in the Premier Healthcare Database...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484713/quantitative-aortic-distensibility-measurement-using-ct-in-patients-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-reproducibility-and-clinical-relevance
#10
Yunfei Zha, Gongling Peng, Liang Li, Chunying Yang, Xuesong Lu, Zhoufeng Peng
Purpose. To investigate the reproducibility of aortic distensibility (D) measurement using CT and assess its clinical relevance in patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods. 54 patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm were studied to determine their distensibility by using 64-MDCT. Aortic cross-sectional area changes were determined at two positions of the aorta, immediately below the lowest renal artery (level 1.) and at the level of its maximal diameter (level 2.) by semiautomatic segmentation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483626/type-ii-endoleak-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-natural-history-and-treatment-outcomes
#11
Liana Kumar, Prue Cowled, Margaret Boult, Stuart Howell, Robert Fitridge
OBJECTIVE: The natural history of type II endoleaks and linkage to aneurysm rupture is unclear. Likewise, treatment recommendations are controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence, factors associated with type II endoleaks and outcomes in an Australia cohort of patients who have undergone endovascular AAA repair (EVAR). METHODS: Data from 693 patients who underwent EVAR between 2009 and 2013 at multiple institutions across Australia were studied...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482352/disseminated-echinococcosis-follow-your-heart
#12
Giulio Prati, Giuseppe Gatti, Manuel Belgrano, Bruno Pinamonti, Elisabetta Rauber, Florida Gripshi, Aniello Pappalardo, Gianfranco Sinagra
: In this report, we present a rare case of cardiac echinococcosis presenting with cerebral haemorrhage due to rupture of a mycotic aneurysm in a peripheral branch of the media cerebral artery. Further investigations lead to discovery of multiple cysts in the heart and liver. The complementary use of transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography, MRI and computed tomography lead to the final diagnosis of disseminated echinococcosis and allowed precise evaluation of the anatomical and structural characteristics of the cardiac mass, its boundaries and its relationship with the surrounding anatomic structures...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479183/numerous-fusiform-and-saccular-cerebral-aneurysms-in-central-nervous-system-lupus-presenting-with-ischemic-stroke
#13
Shahram Majidi, Christopher R Leon Guerrero, Shreya Gandhy, Kathleen M Burger, Dimitri Sigounas
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement occurs in up to 50% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cerebral aneurysm formation is a rare complication of CNS lupus. The majority of these patients present with subarachnoid hemorrhage. We report a patient with an active SLE flare who presented with a recurrent ischemic stroke and was found to have numerous unruptured fusiform and saccular aneurysms in multiple vascular territories. He was treated with high-dose steroid and rituximab along with aspirin and blood pressure control for stroke prevention...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478992/complex-endovascular-repair-of-bilateral-iliac-artery-stenosis-and-coexisting-aneurysm
#14
Sameer Arora, Amol A Bahekar
Concomitant stenosis and aneurysmal disease in the iliac artery lumen are a rare finding. Surgery has been the modality of choice for this degree of complexity; however, advancement in techniques, evolution of stent grafts and increasing operator experience have made endovascular intervention a feasible option. TransAtlantic InterSociety Classification (TASC) categorizes the presence of iliac stenosis adjacent to iliac aneurysm as the most severe category for aortoiliac lesions or a TASC II D lesion. The 2014 Society of Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) expert consensus statement advocated endovascular approach for TASC II A, B and C lesions with a trend to favor endovascular approach for TASC II D lesions as well...
April 24, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474993/de-novo-giant-posterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysm-developing-25-years-after-basilar-bifurcation-aneurysm-treatment-using-a-drake-tourniquet-case-report-and-implications-for-aneurysm-follow-up
#15
Rafael Martinez-Perez, David M Pelz, Stephen P Lownie
The objective of this paper was to report a rare complication of basilar artery (BA) tourniquet treatment of a giant basilar tip aneurysm, and to discuss possible causes for the formation of a de novo giant posterior cerebral artery (PCA) aneurysm. A 34-year-old woman underwent satisfactory treatment of a ruptured giant basilar bifurcation aneurysm by BA ligation (Drake tourniquet) in 1985. She presented 25 years later with a new aneurysm in the left PCA, successfully treated by coil embolization. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of de novo aneurysm formation on a PCA, and the first de novo aneurysm reported as a complication of BA ligation therapy by Drake tourniquet...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473025/-primary-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-of-the-maxillary-sinus
#16
Annegrete Aalkjær Danielsen, Margarat Malgorzata Jensen, Victor Vishwanath Iyer
This case report describes a primary aneurysmal bone cyst in the maxillary sinus of a 50-year-old woman. She had nonspecific symptoms through four years of tearing, muscle tension in the face and neck as well as a sense of altered sound of speech. A magnetic resonance imaging of the facial skeleton showed multiple cystic processes with liquid mirror in nearly all large cysts. Histology confirmed the diagnosis of a rare aneurysmal bone cyst, and the operation was done by endoscopic resection. At the one-month post-operative control there was no recurrence...
May 1, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468927/irregular-shape-identifies-ruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-in-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-patients-with-multiple-aneurysms
#17
Joel Björkman, Juhana Frösen, Olli Tähtinen, Daan Backes, Terhi Huttunen, Jaakko Harju, Jukka Huttunen, Mitja I Kurki, Mikael von Und Zu Fraunberg, Timo Koivisto, Hannu Manninen, Juha E Jääskeläinen, Antti E Lindgren
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated which aneurysm-related risk factors for rupture best discriminate ruptured versus unruptured saccular intracranial aneurysms (sIAs) in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients with multiple sIAs. METHODS: We included 264 subarachnoid hemorrhage patients with a ruptured sIA and at least one additional unruptured sIA, from the Kuopio Intracranial Aneurysm database from 2003 to 2015. These patients had 268 ruptured and 445 unruptured sIAs...
May 3, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468689/a-splenic-artery-aneurysm-presenting-with-multiple-episodes-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-case-report
#18
W S L De Silva, D S Gamlaksha, D P Jayasekara, S D Rajamanthri
BACKGROUND: Splenic artery aneurysm is rare and its diagnosis is challenging due to the nonspecific nature of the clinical presentation. We report a case of a splenic artery aneurysm in which the patient presented with chronic dyspepsia and multiple episodes of minor intragastric bleeding. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old, previously healthy Sri Lankan man presented with four episodes of hematemesis and severe dyspeptic symptoms over a period of 6 months. The results of two initial upper gastrointestinal endoscopies and an abdominal ultrasound scan were unremarkable...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465978/infective-endocarditis-of-the-left-main-to-right-atrial-coronary-cameral-fistula
#19
Ramesh Chandra Mishra, Ramachandra Barik, Amar Narayana Patnaik
A 7-year-old female child presented with pyrexia of unknown origin. She had received an empirical regimen of antibiotic for possible endocarditis. Evaluation included multiple imaging supports and blood culture. She had left main coronary artery to right atrium coronary cameral fistula, restricted patent ductus arteriosus, vegetation at the right atrial exit of fistula and negative blood culture. Ongoing fever more than 2 weeks, oscillating vegetation in the echo and histopathological evidence of healing vegetation suggested definite diagnosis of infective endocarditis...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463742/giant-true-aneurysm-of-superficial-femoral-artery-in-patient-with-multiple-atherosclerotic-aneurysms-a-case-report
#20
Asmae Belhaj, Dominique Chimanuka, Benoit Rondelet
True atherosclerotic aneurysms of superficial femoral artery (SFA) are rare and often associated with other peripheral or aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 84-year-old patient presenting a giant degenerative ruptured aneurysm of the superficial femoral artery. The patient underwent successful aneurysm resection and bypass grafting, with a satisfying long-term follow-up and patency of the graft. The patient was also operated one year before, for a ruptured aneurysm of the abdominal aorta. This case report is rare, because we described a case of patient with multiple atherosclerotic aneurysms, who present, for the second time, a life threating ruptured aneurysm...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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