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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671175/characterisation-of-bone-and-joint-infections-due-to-group-b-streptococcus-serotype-iii-sequence-type-283
#1
Sean W Ong, Timothy Barkham, Win Mar Kyaw, Hanley J Ho, Monica Chan
In 2015, an epidemic of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) serotype III sequence type 283 (ST283) disease was reported in Singapore, associated with consumption of raw freshwater fish. In this study, we further characterise the characteristics of bone and joint infections associated with ST283 GBS in adults and the differences between ST283 and non-ST283 manifestations. A retrospective study of 54 inpatients with invasive GBS disease involving bones and/or joints from 2010 to 2015 was performed. Archived isolates were identified as GBS serotype III and ST283 positive using PCR methods...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666092/a-rare-cause-of-oligoarthritis-with-septic-presentation
#2
Patrick Hoversten, Joel Beachey, Michael Pham, Anjali Bhagra
A 33-year-old man presented with new-onset, asymmetric, migratory oligoarthritis in the setting of several weeks of nausea and vomiting, diarrhoea, fevers and dysuria. He was initially treated in the inpatient setting with broad-spectrum antibiotics due to concern for an evolving sepsis presentation. Arthrocentesis of a large right knee effusion revealed inflammatory synovial fluid without findings suggestive of septic arthritis. Human leucocyte antigen B27 was positive and, taken together with the antecedent history of gastroenteritis, dysuria and inflammatory oligoarthritis, the clinical diagnosis was most consistent with reactive arthritis...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648683/long-term-outcomes-following-achievement-of-clinically-inactive-disease-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-the-importance-of-definition
#3
Stephanie Jw Shoop-Worrall, Suzanne Mm Verstappen, Janet E McDonagh, Eileen Baildam, Alice Chieng, Joyce Davidson, Helen Foster, Yiannis Ioannou, Flora McErlane, Lucy R Wedderburn, W Thomson, Kimme L Hyrich
BACKGROUND: Potential targets for treat-to-target strategies in JIA are minimal disease activity (MDA) and clinically inactive disease (CID). Short and long-term outcomes following achievement of MDA and CID on the cJADAS10 and CID on Wallace's preliminary criteria were compared. METHODS: Children recruited to the Childhood Arthritis Prospective Study, a UK multicentre inception cohort, were selected if recruited prior to January 2011 and diagnosed with oligoarthritis or rheumatoid factor negative or positive polyarthritis...
April 12, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644707/perinuclear-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-positive-vasculitis-oligoarthritis-tendinitis-and-myositis-associated-with-isotretinoin-in-a-15-year-old-boy-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Thomas C Mangodt, Rik Joos, Vasiliki Siozopoulou, Pieter-Jan Cortoos, Hans Baeten, Martine Docx, Machiel van den Akker
We present a patient in whom a combination of perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive vasculitis, oligoarthritis, tendinitis, and myositis was considered to be associated with isotretinoin use. Discontinuation of the drug resulted in complete clinical and biochemical remission (normalization of perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody titer). Although we were unable to prove causality, no other underlying cause for the patient's course was found. We report this occurrence to bring it to the attention of physicians prescribing isotretinoin...
April 11, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610684/immune-toxicity-with-checkpoint-inhibition-for-metastatic-melanoma-case-series-and-clinical-management
#5
Anna J Lomax, Jennifer Lim, Robert Cheng, Arianne Sweeting, Patricia Lowe, Neil McGill, Nicholas Shackel, Elizabeth L Chua, Catriona McNeil
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 antibodies) are a standard of care for advanced melanoma. Novel toxicities comprise immune-related adverse events (irAE). With increasing use, irAE require recognition, practical management strategies, and multidisciplinary care. We retrospectively evaluated the incidence, kinetics, and management of irAE in 41 patients receiving anti-PD-1 antibody therapy (pembrolizumab) for advanced melanoma. 63% received prior anti-CTLA-4 antibody therapy (ipilimumab)...
2018: Journal of Skin Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600947/disease-activity-overweight-physical-activity-and-screen-time-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#6
Gilad Sherman, Dan Nemet, Veronica Moshe, Alessandro Consolaro, Angelo Ravelli, Nicolino Ruperto, Yosef Uziel
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is an important part of children's health and social development. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) can lead to decreased physical activity and quality of life. This study characterised clinical aspects, physical activity rates, obesity, and screen time in a group of JIA patients. METHODS: Ninety-seven JIA patients in the Paediatric Rheumatology Clinic at Meir Medical Center were evaluated over a 6-month period and compared by statistical methods to 98 age-matched healthy controls...
March 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574655/musculoskeletal-infections-caused-by-aerococcus-urinae-a-case-based-review
#7
REVIEW
Martín Greco, Íñigo Rúa-Figueroa, Sabrina Ghiglione, Efrén Santana Medina, Juan Carlos Quevedo Abeledo, Carlos Rodríguez-Lozano
Aerococcus are Gram-positive bacteria that have been historically misidentified using standard techniques. We report a case of a 63-year-old man with septic oligoarthritis caused by Aerococcus urinae (isolated in two ankle synovial fluid cultures and in two blood cultures). Due to the lack of evidence found in a search performed to identify similar cases, a systematic review was conducted with the objective to identify and analyze all documented cases of musculoskeletal infections caused by Aerococcus urinae...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573557/the-correlation-between-the-childhood-health-assessment-questionnaire-and-disease-activity-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#8
Watchareewan Sontichai, Soamarat Vilaiyuk
BACKGROUND: The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) has been adapted from the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire for assessing functional ability in children. The present study aimed to determine the correlation between CHAQ and disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) during active and inactive disease. METHODS: JIA patients in the Pediatric Department, Ramathibodi Hospital, between January 2011 and December 2013, were included in the study...
March 24, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512951/-reactive-arthritis
#9
Alexandre Dumusc, Thomas Hügle
Reactive arthritis is usually regarded as a form of spondylarthritis. Patients generally present with an acute asymmetrical oligoarthritis following an episode of diarrhea or urethritis. The most frequent involved pathogens are Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter and Chlamydia trachomatis. Additional causative pathogens have been described. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the first line treatment for reactive arthritis, associated with physiotherapy. Occasionally, a short course of glucocorticoids or an intra-articular injection is needed...
March 7, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494710/peripheral-regulatory-t-cells-and-anti-inflammatory-cytokines-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
Katarzyna Sznurkowska, Małgorzata Boćkowska, Maciej Zieliński, Katarzyna Plata-Nazar, Piotr Trzonkowski, Anna Liberek, Barbara Kamińska, Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic, heterogenous inflammatory disease of unclear pathogenesis. JIA is hypothesized to be linked to a defective immune regulation. Anti-inflammatory cytokines belong to the best known regulatory factors. T-regulatory cells are a crucial cellular component of immune tolerance. One of their functions is synthesis of interleukin 10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-β1). The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of T-regulatory cells (CD4+ CD25high FOXP3+ ) in peripheral blood, and serum levels of TGF-β1 and IL-10 in patients with JIA...
March 1, 2018: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437586/baseline-ultrasound-examination-as-possible-predictor-of-relapse-in-patients-affected-by-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-jia
#11
Orazio De Lucia, Viviana Ravagnani, Francesca Pregnolato, Arvena Hila, Irene Pontikaki, Maurizio Gattinara, Micol Romano, Valeria Gerloni, Sara Pieropan, Antonella Murgo, Maurizio Rossini, Rolando Cimaz, Pier Luigi Meroni
OBJECTIVES: To define the correlation between joint ultrasonography and clinical examination in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and to assess whether synovitis detected by ultrasonography in clinically inactive patients predicts arthritis flares. METHODS: 88 consecutive patients with JIA-46 (52%) with persistent oligoarthritis, 15 (17%) with extended oligoarthritis, 15 (17%) with rheumatoid factor-negative polyarthritis and 12 (14%) with other forms of JIA, all clinically inactive for a minimum of 3 months-underwent ultrasound (US) assessment of 44 joints...
February 6, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404675/detection-of-shigella-spp-nucleic-acids-in-the-synovial-tissue-of-tunisian-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-and-other-forms-of-arthritis-by-quantitative-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction
#12
Mariam Siala, Markus Rihl, Hanen Sellami, Abir Znazen, Nadia Sassi, Lilia Laadhar, Radhouane Gdoura, Imen Belghuith, Dalila Mrabet, Sofien Baklouti, Slaheddine Sellami, Jean Sibilia, Hela Fourati, Adnene Hammami, Ilhem Cheour
Enterobacterial components in the joints of patients are believed to contribute to a perpetuating inflammation leading to a reactive arthritis (ReA), a condition in which microbial agents cannot be recovered from the joint. At present, it is unclear whether nucleic acids from Shigella spp. are playing a pathogenic role in causing not only ReA but also other forms of arthritis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay (qPCR) is the method of choice for the identification of bacteria within the synovium...
February 5, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389685/cost-effectiveness-of-different-intra-articular-drug-injections-on-wrist-and-or-elbow-compromise-in-patients-with-established-rheumatoid-arthritis-short-term-results-of-an-open-observational-evaluation
#13
Zhi Qin Li, Zhao Hui Zheng, Lin Xuan Pang, Jin Ding, Wang Lei Du, Xue Yi Li, Peng Zhao, Nan Leng, Zhen Biao Wu, Ping Zhu
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular (IA) injections are an integral part of the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, there are few reports regarding the association between drug effectiveness and cost. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of various combinations of IA injections of betamethasone, hyaluronic acid (HA) or etanercept for oligoarthritis in RA. METHODS: Seventy RA patients were assigned to 4 groups according to the IA injection drug(s): betamethasone alone, betamethasone + etanercept, betamethasone + HA, or etanercept alone...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374353/gouty-arthritis-decision-making-following-dual-energy-ct-scan-in-clinical-practice-a-retrospective-analysis
#14
M Gamala, S P Linn-Rasker, M Nix, B G F Heggelman, J M van Laar, P C M Pasker-de Jong, J W G Jacobs, R Klaasen
To establish whether dual-energy CT (DECT) is a diagnostic tool, i.e., associated with initiation or discontinuation of a urate lowering drug (ULD). Secondly, to determine whether DECT results (gout deposition y/n) can be predicted by clinical and laboratory variables. Digital medical records of 147 consecutive patients with clinical suspicion of gout were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical data including medication before and after DECT, lab results, and results from diagnostic joint aspiration and DECT were collected...
January 27, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302829/effectiveness-and-safety-of-ustekinumab-in-na%C3%A3-ve-or-tnf-inhibitors-failure-psoriatic-arthritis-patients-a-24-month-prospective-multicentric-study
#15
Maria Sole Chimenti, Augusta Ortolan, Mariagrazia Lorenzin, Paola Triggianese, Marina Talamonti, Luisa Costa, Francesco Caso, Marta Favero, Miriam Teoli, Marco Galluzzo, Raffaele Scarpa, Leonardo Punzi, Roberto Perricone, Roberta Ramonda
The current prospective observational study aimed to evaluate the long-term (24 months), real-life effectiveness of ustekinumab in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Consecutive patients with moderate-severe PsA and active psoriasis who begun ustekinumab treatment were evaluated prospectively (January 2015-March 2017). Clinimetric scores and biochemical values were assessed at baseline (T0), at 6 (T6), 12 (T12), and 24 (T24) months. Friedman test and generalized linear models were used to compare variables over time...
February 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298172/psoriatic-arthritis-in-nigeria-case-series-and-literature-review
#16
Akpabio Akanimo Akpabio, Babatunde Hakeem Olaosebikan, Olufemi Oladipo Adelowo
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an extracutaneous manifestation of psoriasis occurring in 6% to 42% of patients. Both conditions are common among whites but rarely reported among black Africans.Few African studies, however, have reported PsA frequencies of 0% to 4.6%, with a previous case report of 2 patients from a Nigerian rheumatology clinic. METHODS: Case records of PsA patients from the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital Rheumatology Clinic seen over a 5-year period from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrieved and documented...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227428/asymmetric-oligoarthritis-with-enthesitis-associated-with-acute-mumps-virus-infection
#17
Koji Yokoyama, Akira Yoshida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226452/clinical-characteristics-of-japanese-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-comparison-with-east-asian-countries
#18
REVIEW
Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Akira Kawada
To determine the characteristics and current status of Japanese patients with psoriatic arthritis, the Japanese Society for Psoriasis Research have started to conduct retrospective questionnaire surveys. The results collected from over a thousand patients with psoriatic arthritis have revealed several characteristics. The newly visited psoriatic arthritis patients accounted for approximately 10% of all new psoriatic patients who visited the dermatology department in many referral centers. The prevalence was nearly 15% of psoriatic patients, which was similar to a recent rheumatology and dermatology study in Japan with a large cohort...
March 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143927/update-on-the-treatment-of-uveitis-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Ioannis Asproudis, Andreas Katsanos, Nikolaos Kozeis, Alexandra Tantou, Anastasios G Konstas
Chronic uveitis is a common extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. The classic clinical picture is one of chronic anterior uveitis, which usually remains asymptomatic until ocular complications arise. The risk of uveitis is increased in girls with an early onset of oligoarthritis and positive antinuclear antibodies. Even though the inflammation in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis is initially limited in the anterior part of the eye, chronic active inflammation may eventually cause significant damage to the posterior pole...
December 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125905/arthritis-after-cancer-immunotherapy-symptom-duration-and-treatment-response
#20
Melanie H Smith, Anne R Bass
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal manifestations of immune related adverse events (irAEs) after checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy for cancer remain incompletely characterized and poorly understood. A recently published case series suggested that immunotherapy-induced arthritis is an aggressive process requiring high dose corticosteroids. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of all patients with musculoskeletal irAEs first seen by one of the authors between 2014 and 2016...
November 10, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
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