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Educational neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430052/-i-didn-t-pay-her-to-teach-me-how-to-fix-my-back-a-focused-ethnographic-study-exploring-chiropractors-and-chiropractic-patients-experiences-and-beliefs-regarding-exercise-adherence
#1
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
Aim: To inform future research and exercise prescription for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), this study explored chiropractors' and chiropractic patients' experiences and beliefs regarding the barriers and facilitators to prescribed exercise adherence. Methods: A focused ethnographic approach was used involving 16 semi-structured interviews, including pilot interviews (n = 4) followed by interviews with chiropractors (n = 6) and chiropractic patients with CLBP (n = 6)...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405811/the-effect-of-pain-neuroscience-education-on-sports-therapy-and-rehabilitation-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-recommendations-towards-athletes-with-chronic-pain
#2
Neil Maguire, Paul Chesterton, Cormac Ryan
CONTEXT: Pain education is a fundamental part of a holistic approach to athlete injury management. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effect of Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) on Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation (STR) students: 1) knowledge of persistent pain; 2) attitudes towards athletes with persistent pain; 3) clinical recommendations for athletes with persistent pain. DESIGN: Parallel groups, single-blind randomised control trial. SETTING: A UK University...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401508/taking-an-educational-psychology-course-improves-neuroscience-literacy-but-does-not-reduce-belief-in-neuromyths
#3
Soo-Hyun Im, Joo-Yun Cho, Janet M Dubinsky, Sashank Varma
Educators are increasingly interested in applying neuroscience findings to improve educational practice. However, their understanding of the brain often lags behind their enthusiasm for the brain. We propose that educational psychology can serve as a bridge between basic research in neuroscience and psychology on one hand and educational practice on the other. We evaluated whether taking an educational psychology course is associated with increased neuroscience literacy and reduced belief in neuromyths in a sample of South Korean pre-service teachers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373496/the-neuroscience-of-growth-mindset-and-intrinsic-motivation
#4
REVIEW
Betsy Ng
Our actions can be triggered by intentions, incentives or intrinsic values. Recent neuroscientific research has yielded some results about the growth mindset and intrinsic motivation. With the advances in neuroscience and motivational studies, there is a global need to utilize this information to inform educational practice and research. Yet, little is known about the neuroscientific interplay between growth mindset and intrinsic motivation. This paper attempts to draw on the theories of growth mindset and intrinsic motivation, together with contemporary ideas in neuroscience, outline the potential for neuroscientific research in education...
January 26, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350832/the-developmental-trinity-of-mind-cognizance-executive-control-and-reasoning
#5
REVIEW
Andreas Demetriou, Nikolaos Makris, Smaragda Kazi, George Spanoudis, Michael Shayer
This paper summarizes research on how cognizance, that is, awareness of mental processes, interacts with executive control and reasoning from childhood to adolescence. Central positions are that (a) cognizance changes extensively with age; (b) it contributes to the formation of executive control, and (c) mediates between executive control and reasoning. Cognizance recycles with changes in executive and inferential possibilities in four developmental cycles: it registers their present state, yielding insight into their operation, allowing their better management; this catalyzes their transformation into the next level...
January 19, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330132/an-overview-of-the-safety-pharmacology-society-strategic-plan
#6
M K Pugsley, S Authier, J E Koerner, W S Redfern, C G Markgraf, T Brabham, K Correll, M V Soloviev, A Botchway, M Engwall, M Traebert, J-P Valentin, T J Mow, A Greiter-Wilke, D J Leishman, H M Vargas
Safety Pharmacology studies are conducted to characterize the confidence by which biologically active new chemical entities (NCE) may be anticipated as safe. Non-clinical safety pharmacology studies aim to detect and characterize potentially undesirable pharmacodynamic activities using an array of in silico, in vitro and in vivo animal models. While a broad spectrum of methodological innovation and advancement of the science occurs within the Safety Pharmacology Society, the society also focuses on partnerships with health authorities and technology providers and facilitates interaction with organizations of common interest such as pharmacology, physiology, neuroscience, cardiology and toxicology...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319647/transition-to-critical-care-practice-within-an-academic-service-partnership-a-case-report-of-the-first-3-years-of-clinical-immersion-in-trauma-burn-and-neuroscience-critical-care
#7
Esther Bay, Andrea Sherzer, Emily Darnbrook
In response to regulators of nursing education and the Institute of Medicine, an academic-service partnership was formed between a research-intensive school of nursing and a tertiary health care facility. In that partnership, clinical experiences occurred mostly within 1 organization. This case report showcases the development, implementation, and revisions within our capstone immersion course, designed to ease the new graduates' transition into practice, including transitions to critical care nursing. Herein, we highlight our successes and challenges of implementing the clinical component within 2 critical care units focused on trauma and neurosurgical care of complex patients...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319386/the-effects-of-pain-neuroscience-education-and-exercise-on-pain-muscle-endurance-catastrophizing-and-anxiety-in-adolescents-with-chronic-idiopathic-neck-pain-a-school-based-pilot-randomized-and-controlled-study
#8
Rosa Andias, Maritza Neto, Anabela G Silva
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education (PNE) and neck/shoulder exercises with no intervention in adolescents with chronic idiopathic neck pain (CINP). METHODS: Forty-three adolescents with CINP were randomly allocated to receive PNE and shoulder/neck exercises (n = 21) or no intervention (n = 22). Data on pain intensity, neck flexor and extensor muscles endurance, scapular stabilizers endurance, pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and knowledge of pain neurophysiology were collected...
January 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286877/where-the-rubber-hits-the-road-neuroscience-and-social-work
#9
J Yorke, T Bergère
Multidisciplinary scholarly dialogue can bring academics and researchers together and open up new areas of inquiry. This paper is a case study about how two scholars, one in social work and the other in science, have found common ground. It discusses their respective research projects and how 'the rubber hits the road' by exploring why the knowledge of science/neuroscience is important to non-science majors like social workers in their practice, using childhood trauma, to illustrate that. Finally, it makes recommendations regarding the inclusion of science education in social work curricula and offers some ideas for future research...
February 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285472/screening-projects-for-oral-carcinoma-in-relation-to-health-education-and-patients-compliance-study-on-600-participants
#10
Stefania Leuci, Massimo Amato, Elena Calabria, Gianrico Spagnuolo, Michele Masucci, Michele Mignogna Davide
Aims and Objectives: The lack of information among the population regarding the existence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and the lack of attention and expertise in examining the oral cavity of dentists and clinicians still remain very worrying and could explain the high incidence of OSCC. The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of awareness of OSCC among 600 participants from Southern Italy. Materials and Methods: A 13-question survey was prepared and distributed to 600 participants divided into two subgroups, the first one of 300 patients referring to the Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive, and Odontostomatological Sciences, University Federico II of Naples, for the treatment of dental pathologies, and the second one of 300 patients referring to the Department of Internal Medicine of the Second University of Naples for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284806/first-2-years-of-experience-of-residential-care-at-sakalawara-rehabilitation-services-national-institute-of-mental-health-and-neurosciences-bengaluru-india
#11
Narayana Manjunatha, Preeti Pansari Agarwal, Harihara N Shashidhara, Mohan Palakode, E Aravind Raj, Aruna Rose Mary Kapanee, Prashanthi Nattala, C Naveen Kumar, Paulomi Sudhir, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Srikala Bharath, Kasi Sekar, Mathew Varghese
Introduction: There is an unmet need for continuity-of-care is well known for those with severe mental disorders (SMDs) after acute care at hospitals in India. The "Sakalawara Rehabilitation Services (SRS)" functioned from March 2014 at "Sakalawara Community Mental Health Centre" (SCMHC) of "National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences," Bengaluru, India in the concepts of residential care (half-way-home) with the aim to develop a replicable model. Aim: To review the inpatient records after the initial 2 years of experience in residential care at SCMHC...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251834/impact-and-educational-outcomes-of-a-small-group-self-directed-teaching-strategy-in-a-clinical-neuroscience-curriculum
#12
Thomas I Nathaniel, Jordan C Gainey, Jessica A Williams, Bianca L Stewart, Michael C Hood, Leanne E Brechtel, Rakiya V Faulkner, Jasmine S Pendergrass, Leigh-Ann Black, Scott K Griffin, Christopher E Troup, Jayne S Reuben, Asa C Black
The complexity of the material being taught in clinical neuroscience within the medical school curriculum requires creative pedagogies to teach medical students effectively. Many clinical teaching strategies have been developed and are well described to address these challenges. However, only a few have been evaluated to determine their impact on the performance of students studying clinical neuroscience. Interactive, 2-hour, self-directed small-group interactive clinical case-based learning sessions were conducted weekly for 4 weeks to integrate concepts learned in the corresponding didactic lectures...
December 18, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251831/a-longitudinal-study-in-learning-preferences-and-academic-performance-in-first-year-medical-school
#13
Yenya Hu, Hong Gao, Marcia M Wofford, Claudio Violato
This is a longitudinal study of first year medical students that investigates the relationship between the pattern change of the learning preferences and academic performance. Using the visual, auditory, reading-writing, and kinesthetic inventory at the beginning of the first and second year for the same class, it was found that within the first year, 36% of the class remained unimodal (single) modality learners (SS), 14% changed from unimodal to multimodality learners (SM), 27% changed from multimodality to unimodal modality learners (MS) and 21% remained as multimodality learners (MM)...
December 18, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246541/autobiographical-memory-the-ageing-brain-and-mechanisms-of-psychological-interventions
#14
REVIEW
Andrew P Allen, Caoilainn Doyle, Seán Commins, Richard A P Roche
Elucidating the impact of healthy cognitive ageing and dementia on autobiographical memory (AM) may help deepen our theoretical understanding of memory and underlying neural changes. The distinction between episodic and semantic autobiographical memory is particularly informative in this regard. Psychological interventions, particularly those involving reminiscence or music, have led to differential effects on episodic and semantic autobiographical memory. We propose that executive function is a key mediator of psychological therapies on autobiographical memory...
December 12, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239885/the-present-state-of-neurointensivist-training-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-to-other-critical-care-training-programs
#15
Evie G Marcolini, David B Seder, Jordan B Bonomo, Thomas P Bleck, J Claude Hemphill, Lori Shutter, Fred Rincon, Shelly D Timmons, Paul Nyquist
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript describes the state of neurocritical care fellowship training, compares its written standards to those of other critical care fellowship programs, and discusses how programmatic oversight by the United Council for Neurological Subspecialties should evolve to meet American College of Graduate Medical Education standards. This review is a work product of the Society of Critical Care Medicine Neuroscience section and was reviewed and approved by the Council of the Society of Critical Care Medicine...
February 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163257/free-will-and-the-brain-disease-model-of-addiction-the-not-so-seductive-allure-of-neuroscience-and-its-modest-impact-on-the-attribution-of-free-will-to-people-with-an-addiction
#16
Eric Racine, Sebastian Sattler, Alice Escande
Free will has been the object of debate in the context of addiction given that addiction could compromise an individual's ability to choose freely between alternative courses of action. Proponents of the brain-disease model of addiction have argued that a neuroscience perspective on addiction reduces the attribution of free will because it relocates the cause of the disorder to the brain rather than to the person, thereby diminishing the blame attributed to the person with an addiction. Others have worried that such displacement of free will attribution would make the person with a drug addiction less responsible...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162061/medical-student-attitudes-and-educational-interventions-to-prevent-neurophobia-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Lisa Shiels, Pratish Majmundar, Aleksander Zywot, John Sobotka, Christine S M Lau, Tuula O Jalonen
BACKGROUND: With an aging American population, the burden of neurologic disease is intensifying and the decline in neurology residents and practicing neurologists is leaving these patients helpless and unable to find care. 'Neurophobia', a chronic illness that begins early in medical school, has been identified as a cause for the low number of neurology residents. METHODS: A longitudinal study surveyed medical students at the beginning of their first year (M1) and then again at the beginning of their second year (M2)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149018/please-wait-processing-a-selective-literature-review-of-the-neurological-understanding-of-emotional-processing-in-asd-and-its-potential-contribution-to-neuroeducation
#18
REVIEW
Eric Shyman
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its corresponding conditions have been investigated from a multitude of perspectives resulting in varying understandings of its origin, its outplay, its prognosis, and potential methods of intervention and education for individuals with the disorder. One area that has contributed significantly to providing a different type of understanding is that of neuroscience, and specifically neuroimaging. This paper will offer a selective literature review of research that investigates the role of emotional processing in ASD, and how a deepening of this line of understanding can be used to inform more comprehensive educational practices...
November 17, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125408/improving-stroke-transitions-development-and-implementation-of-a-social-work-case-management-intervention
#19
Anne K Hughes, Amanda T Woodward, Michele C Fritz, Mathew J Reeves
Strokes impact over 800,000 people every year. Stroke care typically begins with inpatient care and then continues across an array of healthcare settings. These transitions are difficult for patients and caregivers, with psychosocial needs going unmet. Our team developed a case management intervention for acute stroke patients and their caregivers aimed at improving stroke transitions. The intervention focusses on four aspects of a successful care transition: support, preparedness, identifying and addressing unmet needs, and stroke education...
November 10, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124752/extending-the-seductive-allure-of-neuroscience-explanations-effect-to-popular-articles-about-educational-topics
#20
Soo-Hyun Im, Keisha Varma, Sashank Varma
BACKGROUND: The seductive allure of neuroscience explanations (SANE) is the finding that people overweight psychological arguments when framed in terms of neuroscience findings. AIM: This study extended this finding to arguments concerning the application of psychological findings to educational topics. SAMPLE: Participants (n = 320) were recruited from the general public, specifically among English-speaking Amazon Mechanical Turk workers residing in the United States...
December 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
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