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Educational neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928027/development-of-a-sexual-needs-rehabilitation-framework-in-women-post-spinal-cord-injury-a-study-from-iran
#1
Raziyeh Maasoumi, Fatemeh Zarei, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Taylor Lawson, Seyyed Hasan Emami-Razavi
OBJECTIVE: To develop a sexual needs rehabilitation framework in women post spinal cord injury (SCI) DESIGN: Mixed-methods study SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center (BASIR), Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran PARTICIPANTS: Married women with at least one year passed injury INTERVENTION: Not applicable METHODS: This study was designed in three steps; primary needs assessment with quantitative and qualitative methods, prioritizing identified needs by expert panels, and developing framework...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914719/physical-therapy-management-of-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-hip-abductor-weakness
#2
Seth Peterson, Thomas Denninger
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hip abductor dysfunction is common in individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Previous research investigating abductor strengthening in the heterogeneous CLBP population is sparse and has failed to target those patients most likely to benefit. The aim of the current case series was to describe the physical therapy management and outcomes of 3 patients with CLBP matching a previously identified subgroup characterized by substantial hip abductor weakness. CASE DESCRIPTION: Three nonconsecutive patients with CLBP-a 77-year-old man, a 78-year-old woman, and an 85-year-old woman-were treated in an outpatient physical therapy clinic...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855788/an-abbreviated-therapeutic-neuroscience-education-session-improves-pain-knowledge-in-first-year-physical-therapy-students-but-does-not-change-attitudes-or-beliefs
#3
Terry Cox, Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a 3-hour therapeutic neuroscience education session alters physical therapy student's knowledge of pain and effects their attitudes and beliefs regarding treating chronic pain. METHODS: Seventy-seven entry-level doctoral physical therapy students participated in the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained and then the subjects completed the Neuroscience of Pain Questionnaire, the Health Care Provider's Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale and an additional questionnaire designed by the researchers...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835240/sharing-histories-a-transformative-learning-teaching-method-to-empower-community-health-workers-to-support-health-behavior-change-of-mothers
#4
Laura C Altobelli
BACKGROUND: One of the keys to improving health globally is promoting mothers' adoption of healthy home practices for improved nutrition and illness prevention in the first 1000 days of life from conception. Customarily, mothers are taught health messages which, even if simplified, are hard to remember. The challenge is how to promote learning and behavior change of mothers more effectively in low-resource settings where access to health information is poor, educational levels are low, and traditional beliefs are strong...
August 23, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820626/the-clinical-implementation-of-pain-neuroscience-education-a-survey-study
#5
Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura, Kory Zimney, Terry Cox, Debbie Rico
Pain neuroscience education (PNE) has gained considerable attention in research. Three systematic reviews have shown increasing efficacy of PNE decreasing pain, disability, pain catastrophization, movement restrictions, and healthcare utilization. In the development of any new therapeutic approach, it is proposed that there are three stages: development, validation, and implementation. To date, the development and validation of PNE have been well-established. The third stage, implementation, however, lacks when it comes to PNE...
August 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817305/foot-massage-touch-and-presence-in-decreasing-anxiety-during-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-feasibility-study
#6
Rajni Parmar, Barbara B Brewer, Laura A Szalacha
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine (1) recruitment feasibility; (2) intervention adherence; (3) intervention acceptability; and (4) the preliminary effects of touch or foot massage interventions on anxiety during a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was used. INTERVENTION: Foot massage and touch were the intervention groups and "presence" was the control group. SETTING: The study was conducted at the Center for Neurosciences, a freestanding facility, in southern Arizona...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817239/novel-dissection-of-the-central-nervous-system-to-bridge-gross-anatomy-and-neuroscience-for-an-integrated-medical-curriculum
#7
Rebecca J Hlavac, Rachel Klaus, Kourtney Betts, Shilo M Smith, Maureen E Stabio
Medical schools in the United States continue to undergo curricular change, reorganization, and reformation as more schools transition to an integrated curriculum. Anatomy educators must find novel approaches to teach in a way that will bridge multiple disciplines. The cadaveric extraction of the central nervous system (CNS) provides an opportunity to bridge gross anatomy, neuroanatomy, and clinical neurology. In this dissection, the brain, brainstem, spinal cord, cauda equina, optic nerve/tract, and eyes are removed in one piece so that the entire CNS and its gateway to the periphery through the spinal roots can be appreciated...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815784/nursing-care-for-stroke-patients-a-survey-of-current-practice-in-eleven-european-countries
#8
Zeliha Tulek, Ingrid Poulsen, Katrin Gillis, Ann-Cathrin Jönsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct a survey of the clinical nursing practice in European countries in accordance with the European Stroke Strategies (ESS) 2006, and to examine to what extent the ESS have been implemented in stroke care nursing in Europe. BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability globally. Optimal organisation of interdisciplinary stroke care is expected to ameliorate outcome after stroke. Consequently, universal access to stroke care based on evidence-based guidelines is a priority...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800261/the-triple-value-in-yoga-laboratory-for-neuroscience-education
#9
John Weeks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768322/state-dependent-cross-brain-information-flow-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Edda Bilek, Gabriela Stößel, Axel Schäfer, Laura Clement, Matthias Ruf, Lydia Robnik, Corinne Neukel, Heike Tost, Peter Kirsch, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg
Importance: Although borderline personality disorder (BPD)-one of the most common, burdensome, and costly psychiatric conditions-is characterized by repeated interpersonal conflict and instable relationships, the neurobiological mechanism of social interactive deficits remains poorly understood. Objective: To apply recent advancements in the investigation of 2-person human social interaction to investigate interaction difficulties among people with BPD. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-brain information flow in BPD was examined from May 25, 2012, to December 4, 2015, in pairs of participants studied in 2 linked functional magnetic resonance imaging scanners in a university setting...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764273/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-psychiatric-inpatients-a-hospital-based-study-from-kashmir
#11
Tajamul Hussain, Mushtaq Ahmad Margoob, Sheikh Shoib, Mahak Shafat, Rajesh Kumar Chandel
INTRODUCTION: Over the last fifty years there has been dramatic change in the human environment, behaviours and way-of-life. These changes have resulted in escalating rates of metabolic syndrome not only in general population but also among people with mental illness. Various factors, like the lack of exercise, use of psychotropic medications and inadequate medical care leads to the increased risk of metabolic changes among people with mental illness. Hence, there is a greater need to evaluate metabolic syndrome in this population...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743693/can-facebook-pages-be-a-mode-of-blended-learning-to-supplement-in-class-teaching-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Khurshid Anwar, Muhammad Raihan Sajid, Peter Cahusac, Abdul Ahad Shaikh, Ahmad Elgammal, Ahlam Alshedoukhy, Junaid Kashir
The aim of this study was to examine the potential of a self-designed Facebook page on Neuroscience, to supplement in-class teaching as a mode of blended learning. Posts were split into multiple choice questions (MCQs), general interest articles, neuroscience-related external links and resources, and lecture notes and PowerPoint presentations. The study was divided into three distinct phases: before, during, and after the Neuroscience block. Student responses were evaluated via a self-developed questionnaire...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739244/the-5-t-s-applying-cognitive-science-to-improve-prehospital-medical-education
#13
REVIEW
Michael J Lauria, Mackenzie R Bronson, Patricia L Lanter, Thomas W Trimarco
Although research on effective teaching methods exists, the application of this information in prehospital medical education is limited. Applying lessons from the realms of cognitive psychology and neuroscience, prehospital educators can enhance their ability to teach. One such concept is the theory of cognitive load. Understanding this theory can reduce the mental strain placed on learners and allow educators to best accomplish long-term learning success, defined as "far transfer" of material to novel contexts...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738240/computational-training-for-the-next-generation-of-neuroscientists
#14
REVIEW
Mark S Goldman, Michale S Fee
Neuroscience research has become increasingly reliant upon quantitative and computational data analysis and modeling techniques. However, the vast majority of neuroscientists are still trained within the traditional biology curriculum, in which computational and quantitative approaches beyond elementary statistics may be given little emphasis. Here we provide the results of an informal poll of computational and other neuroscientists that sought to identify critical needs, areas for improvement, and educational resources for computational neuroscience training...
July 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736211/applying-contemporary-neuroscience-in-exercise-interventions-for-chronic-spinal-pain-treatment-protocol
#15
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Barbara Cagnie, Nathalie Roussel, Mieke Dolphens, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Nonspecific chronic spinal pain is a common problem within the chronic pain population and is characterized by high social, economic and personal impact. To date, therapists are still struggling in adequately treating these types of patients, as seen in the small and short-term benefits of frequently applied primary care treatments. It is remarkable that despite the well-documented presence of abnormalities in central nociceptive processing in nonspecific chronic spinal pain patients, the implementation of this knowledge in clinical practice is still nearly non-existent...
July 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727967/whither-psychology
#16
Diane F Halpern
Contemporary psychology is experiencing tremendous growth in neuroscience, and there is every indication that it will continue to gain in popularity notwithstanding the scarcity of academic positions for newly minted Ph.Ds. Despite the general perception that brain correlates "explain" or "cause" the mind and behavior, these correlates have not yet proven useful in understanding psychological processes, although they offer the possibility of early identification of some disorders. Other recent developments in psychology include increased emphasis on applications and more global representation among researchers and participants...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713493/a-new-strategy-in-neurocritical-care-nurse-continuing-stroke-education-a-hybrid-simulation-pilot-study
#17
Christopher Ryan Newey, Robert Bell, Melody Burks, Premkumar Nattanmai
INTRODUCTION: High-fidelity simulation is frequently utilized in medical education. Its use in the neurosciences is limited by the inherent limitations of the manikin to simulate neurological changes. We report here the use of a hybrid simulation - a combination of lecture and high-fidelity manikin - in the education of neurosciences nurses, involved in care of neurocritical care patients. METHODS: Neurosciences nurses from at the University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA, which is an academic, tertiary-care medical center participated in the simulation during Spring of 2016...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707195/the-power-of-print-reading-comics-in-the-classroom
#18
Sabine Gabaron
Evidence from neuroscience and psychological studies supporting benefits of print reading over digital reading has recently been discussed in these columns (Perbal 2017 J. Cell Commun. Signal. 11:1-4). In the present commentary, I would like to add my perspective as a Humanities educator, and build upon the idea that print reading results in better comprehension, learning and communication. The argumentation that is presented herein is based on a study performed in a French Comics language class aimed at broadening students' knowledge and experience of graphic novels, and providing them with a cultural representation in the foreign language...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702756/creating-a-common-terminology-for-play-behavior-to-increase-cross-disciplinary-research
#19
Lance J Miller
Historically, play behavior has been difficult to define. This likely stems from the number of different species, types of play, and context under which it occurs. In 2016, the Chicago Zoological Society - Brookfield Zoo hosted the Psychonomic Society leading edge workshop on the evolutionary and psychological significance of play. Sixteen experts attended from the diverse fields of African ethnology, animal behavior, animal science, animal welfare, cognitive psychology, cognitive zoology, comparative psychology, cultural anthropology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, ethology, neuroscience, primatology, and zoology...
July 12, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700651/metric-based-vs-peer-reviewed-evaluation-of-a-research-output-lesson-learnt-from-uk-s-national-research-assessment-exercise
#20
Kushwanth Koya, Gobinda Chowdhury
PURPOSE: There is a general inquisition regarding the monetary value of a research output, as a substantial amount of funding in modern academia is essentially awarded to good research presented in the form of journal articles, conferences papers, performances, compositions, exhibitions, books and book chapters etc., which, eventually leads to another question if the value varies across different disciplines. Answers to these questions will not only assist academics and researchers, but will also help higher education institutions (HEIs) make informed decisions in their administrative and research policies...
2017: PloS One
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