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Educational neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103729/strategies-to-promote-resilience-empathy-and-well-being-in-the-health-professions-insights-from-the-2015-centile-conference
#1
Aviad Haramati, Sian Cotton, Jamie S Padmore, Hedy S Wald, Peggy A Weissinger
The high prevalence of physician burnout is of great concern and may begin with observed declines in empathy and increases in stress and burnout in medical and health professions students. While underlying causes have been described, there is less certainty on how to create effective interventions in curricula and workplace. In October 2015, The Center for Innovation and Leadership in Education (CENTILE) at Georgetown University, together with MedStar Health, Georgetown's clinical partner, and six academic institutions sponsored a conference in Washington, DC...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097246/three-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-preoperative-neuroscience-education-for-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-lumbar-radiculopathy
#2
Adriaan Louw, Ina Diener, Merrill R Landers, Kory Zimney, Emilio J Puentedura
BACKGROUND: Results from a previous multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) on preoperative pain neuroscience education (PNE) for lumbar radiculopathy found no significant difference in patient reported outcomes between groups. However, patients who received PNE viewed their surgical experience more favorably and utilized significantly less healthcare compared to those that did not. The purpose is to determine if the reduction in healthcare costs from 1-year would be continued at 3-year following surgery, and to explore differences (if any) in patient reported outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009822/pain-neuroscience-education-state-of-the-art-and-application-in-pediatrics
#3
REVIEW
Hannah Robins, Victoria Perron, Lauren C Heathcote, Laura E Simons
Chronic pain is a widespread problem in the field of pediatrics. Many interventions to ameliorate pain-related dysfunction have a biobehavioral focus. As treatments for chronic pain (e.g., increased movement) often stand in stark contrast to treatments for an acute injury (e.g., rest), providing a solid rationale for treatment is necessary to gain patient and parent buy-in. Most pain treatment interventions incorporate psychoeducation, or pain neuroscience education (PNE), as an essential component, and in some cases, as a stand-alone approach...
December 21, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003938/an-interventional-study-on-the-clinical-usefulness-and-outcomes-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-medication-resistant-mental-disorders
#4
Rameshwar S Manhas, Raheel Mushtaq, Shah Faisal Ahmad Tarfarosh, Sheikh Shoib, Mohammad Maqbool Dar, Arshad Hussain, Tabindah Shah, Sahil Shah, Mushbiq Manzoor
BACKGROUND: Resistance to recommended medications has been an issue in dealing with a number of psychiatric ailments, and it is showing up as an ongoing challenge for contemporary mental health experts. Resistant psychiatric disorders not only increase the morbidity of patients suffering from such severe conditions but also intensify the problems of their caretakers. This has vigorously started to cause the costs to increase for healthcare services. Thanks to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), we now have an effective method that is proving to be a fruitful final course of action in this micro-epidemic of resistant psychiatric diseases...
October 17, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999526/cme-cne-article-a-framework-of-care-in-multiple-sclerosis-part-1-updated-disease-classification-and-disease-modifying-therapy-use-in-specific-circumstances
#5
Scott D Newsome, Philip J Aliotta, Jacquelyn Bainbridge, Susan E Bennett, Gary Cutter, Kaylan Fenton, Fred Lublin, Dorothy Northrop, David Rintell, Bryan D Walker, Megan Weigel, Kathleen Zackowski, David E Jones
: Activity Available Online: To access the article, post-test, and evaluation online, go to http://www.cmscscholar.org. TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this activity is physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, and other health-care providers involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Apply new information about MS to a comprehensive individualized treatment plan for patients with MSIntegrate the team approach into long-term planning in order to optimize rehabilitation care of patients with MSAccreditation Statement: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC), Nurse Practitioner Alternatives (NPA), and Delaware Media Group...
November 2016: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976933/treatment-of-pain-following-cancer-applying-neuro-immunology-in-rehabilitation-practice
#6
Jo Nijs, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Nele Adriaenssens, Mira Meeus, Wouter Hoelen, Kelly Ickmans, Niamh Moloney
AIM: Pain is the second most frequent persistent symptom following cancer treatment. This article aims at explaining how the implementation of contemporary pain neuroscience can benefit rehabilitation for adults following cancer treatment within an evidence-based perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrative review. RESULTS: First, pain education is an effective but underused strategy for treating cancer related pain. Second, our neuro-immunological understanding of how stress can influence pain highlights the importance of integrating stress management into the rehabilitation approach for patients having cancer-related pain...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974474/cognitive-function-in-low-income-and-low-literacy-settings-validation-of-the-tablet-based-oxford-cognitive-screen-in-the-health-and-aging-in-africa-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-indepth-community-in-south-africa-haalsi
#7
Glyn W Humphreys, Mihaela D Duta, Livia Montana, Nele Demeyere, Cathal McCrory, Julia Rohr, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen Tollman, Lisa Berkman
OBJECTIVES: 1. Assess validity of the Oxford Cognitive Screen (OCS-Plus), a domain-specific cognitive assessment designed for low-literacy settings, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC); 2. Advance theoretical contributions in cognitive neuroscience in domain-specific cognitive function and cognitive reserve, especially related to dementia. METHOD: In a cross-sectional study of a sample of 1,402 men and women aged 40-79 in the Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in South Africa (HAALSI), we administered OCS-Plus along with health and sociodemographic assessments...
January 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934554/empathy-in-medicine-neuroscience-education-and-challenges
#8
Eve Ekman, Michael Krasner
Empathy is a multifaceted skill and asset for health care providers. This paper uses current neuroscience literature of empathy to generate nuanced theory of how empathy can be blocked by personal stress and aversion among health care professionals. Current training approaches for educating sustainable empathy are reviewed in depth. The final part of the paper provides suggestions on how to spread empathy education farther and wider across medical education.
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928767/resident-workflow-and-psychiatric-emergency-consultation-identifying-factors-for-quality-improvement-in-a-training-environment
#9
Thomas Blair, Zev Wiener, Ariel Seroussi, Lingqi Tang, Jennifer O'Hora, Erick Cheung
OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement to optimize workflow has the potential to mitigate resident burnout and enhance patient care. This study applied mixed methods to identify factors that enhance or impede workflow for residents performing emergency psychiatric consultations. METHODS: The study population consisted of all psychiatry program residents (55 eligible, 42 participating) at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles...
December 7, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926442/intrinsic-motivation-curiosity-and-learning-theory-and-applications-in-educational-technologies
#10
P-Y Oudeyer, J Gottlieb, M Lopes
This chapter studies the bidirectional causal interactions between curiosity and learning and discusses how understanding these interactions can be leveraged in educational technology applications. First, we review recent results showing how state curiosity, and more generally the experience of novelty and surprise, can enhance learning and memory retention. Then, we discuss how psychology and neuroscience have conceptualized curiosity and intrinsic motivation, studying how the brain can be intrinsically rewarded by novelty, complexity, or other measures of information...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923731/social-modulation-of-cognition-lessons-from-rhesus-macaques-relevant-to-education
#11
REVIEW
Elisabetta Monfardini, Amélie J Reynaud, Jérôme Prado, Martine Meunier
Any animal, human or non-human, lives in a world where there are others like itself. Individuals' behaviors are thus inevitably influenced by others, and cognition is no exception. Long acknowledged in psychology, social modulations of cognition have been neglected in cognitive neuroscience. Yet, infusing this classic topic in psychology with brain science methodologies could yield valuable educational insights. In recent studies, we used a non-human primate model, the rhesus macaque, to identify social influences representing ancient biases rooted in evolution, and neuroimaging to shed light on underlying mechanisms...
December 5, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882040/a-new-model-of-master-of-philosophy-in-physiological-sciences
#12
H R Ahmad, F M Arain, N A Khan
The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for PhD studies as well as faculty development to enhance learning abilities of medical student; 4) the modules constitute Cardio- Respiratory Physiological Sciences, GI and Renal Physiological Sciences, Neurosciences, Endo-Reproductive Physiological Sciences...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878473/education-and-neuroscience
#13
EDITORIAL
Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876662/-views-on-careers-in-clinical-neurosciences-amongst-neurosurgeons-and-neurologists-in-china
#14
Rimas V Lukas, Chao Ma, Jingcao Chen, Hongmei Dong, Jinxin Li, Zefen Wang, Ivy Jiang, Kai Fu, Samita Satnarayan, Dara V F Albert, Renslow Sherer
BACKGROUND: China has a large and aging population. The need for physicians with training in clinical neurosciences will grow. Currently there is little known regarding the factors which lead physicians in China to pursue careers in clinical neurosciences. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to garner a clearer understanding of the factors which impact physicians to pursue careers in neurosurgery and neurology in China. METHODS: We surveyed attendees at a national neuroscience conference on the factors which influence their pursuit of careers in clinical neurosciences...
November 19, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857752/correction-remodeling-neuroscience-education-in-medical-student-training-how-early-exposure-and-mentorship-are-promoting-student-interest-in-neurology-and-neurosurgery
#15
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 1064 in vol. 11, PMID: 27630681.].
September 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822665/the-potential-of-neuroscience-for-health-sciences-education-towards-convergence-of-evidence-and-resisting-seductive-allure
#16
Anique B H de Bruin
Since emergence of the field 'Educational Neuroscience' (EN) in the late nineties of the previous century, a debate has emerged about the potential this field holds to influence teaching and learning in the classroom. By now, most agree that the original claims promising direct translations to teaching and learning were too strong. I argue here that research questions in (health professions) education require multi-methodological approaches, including neuroscience, while carefully weighing what (combination of) approaches are most suitable given a research question...
December 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822488/the-neuroscience-of-emotion-regulation-development-implications-for-education
#17
Rebecca E Martin, Kevin N Ochsner
Emotion regulation is a critical life skill that can facilitate learning and improve educational outcomes. Developmental studies find that the ability to regulate emotion improves with age. In neuroimaging studies, emotion regulation abilities are associated with recruitment of a set of prefrontal brain regions involved in cognitive control and executive functioning that mature late in development. In this review we discuss the regulation of both negative and positive emotions, the role of other people in guiding our emotional responses, and the potential applications of this work to education...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810007/the-global-challenge-in-neuroscience-education-and-training-the-mbl-perspective
#18
Rae Nishi, Edward Castañeda, Graeme W Davis, André A Fenton, Hans A Hofmann, Jean King, Timothy A Ryan, Keith A Trujillo
The greatest challenge in moving neuroscience research forward in the 21st century is recruiting, training, and retaining the brightest, rigorous, and most diverse scientists. The MBL research training courses Neurobiology and Neural Systems & Behavior, and the Summer Program in Neuroscience, Excellence, and Success provide a model for full immersion, discovery-based training while enhancing cultural, geographic, and racial diversity.
November 2, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797836/impact-of-demographic-and-obstetric-factors-on-infant-brain-volumes-a-population-neuroscience-study
#19
Rebecca C Knickmeyer, Kai Xia, Zhaohua Lu, Mihye Ahn, Shaili C Jha, Fei Zou, Hongtu Zhu, Martin Styner, John H Gilmore
Individual differences in neuroanatomy are associated with intellectual ability and psychiatric risk. Factors responsible for this variability remain poorly understood. We tested whether 17 major demographic and obstetric variables were associated with individual differences in brain volumes in 756 neonates assessed with MRI. Gestational age at MRI, sex, gestational age at birth, and birthweight were the most significant predictors, explaining 31% to 59% of variance. Unexpectedly, earlier born babies had larger brains than later born babies after adjusting for other predictors...
October 26, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766734/program-evaluation-of-neuroscience-competency-programs-to-implement-evidence-based-practices
#20
Staci Sue Reynolds, Susan M McLennon, Patricia R Ebright, Laura L Murray, Tamilyn Bakas
RATIONALE: Program evaluation is essential to help determine the success of an evidence-based practice program and assist with translating these processes across settings. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of 2 competency programs that sought to improve neurocritical care nurses' knowledge of and adherence to evidence-based stroke and spinal cord injury guidelines. These programs consisted of 3 specific implementation strategies, including local opinion leaders, printed educational materials, and educational outreach...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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