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Educational neuroscience

Volkan Coskun, Ellen M Carpenter
The last 40 years have seen a remarkable increase in the teaching of neuroscience at the undergraduate level. From its origins as a component of anatomy or physiology departments to its current status as an independent interdisciplinary field, neuroscience has become the chosen field of study for many undergraduate students, particularly for those interested in medical school or graduate school in neuroscience or related fields. We examined how life science-based neuroscience education is offered at large public universities in the Western United States...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Raj K Kalapatapu, Maria I Ventura, Deborah E Barnes
BACKGROUND: Substance use is an important clinical issue in the older adult population. As older adults are susceptible to cognitive disorders, the intersection of the fields of substance use and cognitive neuroscience is an active area of research. Prior studies of alcohol use and cognitive performance are mixed, and inconsistencies may be due to under- or over-adjustment for confounders. AIM: This manuscript adds to this literature by conducting a secondary analysis of self-reported lifetime history of alcohol use and cognitive performance in older adults (n = 133)...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Agustín Ibáñez, Adolfo M García, Sol Esteves, Adrián Yoris, Edinson Muñoz, Lucila Reynaldo, Marcos Luis Pietto, Federico Adolfi, Facundo Manes
Multiple disorders once jointly conceived as 'nervous diseases' became segregated by the distinct institutional traditions forged in neurology and psychiatry. As a result, each field specialized in the study and treatment of a subset of such conditions. Here we propose new avenues for interdisciplinary interaction through a triangulation of both fields with social neuroscience. To this end, we review evidence from five relevant domains (facial emotion recognition, empathy, theory of mind, moral cognition, social context assessment), highlighting their common disturbances across neurological and psychiatric conditions and discussing their multiple pathophysiological mechanisms...
October 6, 2016: Social Neuroscience
Michael Bodnar, Ashok K Malla, Carolina Makowski, M Mallar Chakravarty, Ridha Joober, Martin Lepage
BACKGROUND: Current neuroscience literature has related treatment with aripiprazole to improved memory performance and subcellular changes in the hippocampus. AIMS: To explore the volumetric changes in hippocampal grey matter in people with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) treated with second-generation antipsychotics. METHOD: Baseline and 1-year follow-up magnetic resonance images were obtained. Hippocampal volumes were estimated by using FreeSurfer and MAGeT-Brain...
March 2016: BJPsych Open
P N Tandon, Nandini Chatterjee Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
Andrew D Tieniber, William J Readdy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
Myung-Sun Kim, Jeanyung Chey
OBJECTIVE: Clinical neuropsychology in South Korea, albeit its relatively short history, has advanced dramatically. We review a brief history and current status of clinical neuropsychology in South Korea. METHOD: The history, the educational pathway, the training pathway, the certification process, and careers in clinical neuropsychology in South Korea are reviewed. RESULTS: We have reviewed the neuropsychological services, including assessment and treatment, research on neurological and psychiatric populations, and neuropsychology education and the requirements related to education, training, and board examinations of those providing neuropsychological services in South Korea...
September 12, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Timothy P Melchert
The behavioral and neurosciences have made remarkable progress recently in advancing the scientific understanding of human psychology. Though research in many areas is still in its early stages, knowledge of many psychological processes is now firmly grounded in experimental tests of falsifiable theories and supports a unified, paradigmatic understanding of human psychology that is thoroughly consistent with the rest of the natural sciences. This new body of knowledge poses critical questions for professional psychology, which still often relies on the traditional theoretical orientations and other preparadigmatic practices for guiding important aspects of clinical education and practice...
September 2016: American Psychologist
Katherine Bain, Jade Richards
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines maternal knowledge regarding perinatal and infant mental health amongst mothers in Alexandra township, Johannesburg. The applicability and utility of these Western-derived concepts in a low socio-economic South African setting is examined. METHOD: A concurrent mixed methods approach was used. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted on the responses of 255 mothers on a structured questionnaire, designed to elicit levels of knowledge about the relational needs and awareness of infants and the psychosocial needs of mothers, to determine trends in mothers' knowledge...
July 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Heinke Pülhorn, Leann Westmoreland, Catherine McMahon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the variations in the management of patients with minor head injuries across a Trauma Network. METHODS: An 18-point questionnaire covering aspects of hospital care and follow-up of patients with minor head injuries was sent out to 19 wards in 10 different trauma units within our network. RESULTS: Fifty-eight percent of wards routinely admitting patients with minor head injuries have no management protocol in place...
October 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Rebecca Gotlieb, Elizabeth Hyde, Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Scott Barry Kaufman
Evidence from education, psychology, and neuroscience suggests that investing in the development of the social-emotional imagination is essential to cultivating giftedness in adolescents. Nurturing these capacities may be especially effective for promoting giftedness in students who are likely to lose interest and ambition over time. Giftedness is frequently equated with high general intelligence as measured by IQ tests, but this narrow conceptualization does not adequately capture students' abilities to utilize their talents strategically to fully realize their future possible selves...
August 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Cary Frydman, Colin F Camerer
Financial decisions are among the most important life-shaping decisions that people make. We review facts about financial decisions and what cognitive and neural processes influence them. Because of cognitive constraints and a low average level of financial literacy, many household decisions violate sound financial principles. Households typically have underdiversified stock holdings and low retirement savings rates. Investors overextrapolate from past returns and trade too often. Even top corporate managers, who are typically highly educated, make decisions that are affected by overconfidence and personal history...
September 2016: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Huixin Wu, Dianxu Ren, Glenn R Zinsmeister, Gretchen E Zewe, Patricia K Tuite
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to develop, implement, and evaluate the impact of early intensive care unit (ICU) nurse-led family meetings on nurse-family communication, family decision making, and satisfaction of family members. BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit nurses are in an ideal position to meet family needs, and family members may cope better with the crisis of an ICU admission if consistent honest information is provided by nurses; however, there are no early ICU family meetings led by bedside nurses...
September 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
William Grisham, Barbara Lom, Linda Lanyon, Raddy L Ramos
The scale of data being produced in neuroscience at present and in the future creates new and unheralded challenges, outstripping conventional ways of handling, considering, and analyzing data. As neuroinformatics enters into this big data era, a need for a highly trained and perhaps unique workforce is emerging. To determine the staffing needs created by the impending era of big data, a workshop (iNeuro Project) was convened November 13-14, 2014. Participants included data resource providers, bioinformatics/analytics trainers, computer scientists, library scientists, and neuroscience educators...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
Toshihide Kuroki, Makoto Ishitobi, Yoko Kamio, Genichi Sugihara, Toshiya Murai, Keisuke Motomura, Kazuyoshi Ogasawara, Hiroyuki Kimura, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki, Tomohiro Nakao, Kazuo Yamada, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Nobuo Kiriike, Toshio Ishikawa, Chiharu Kubo, Chiaki Matsunaga, Hisatsugu Miyata, Takashi Asada, Shigenobu Kanba
The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was published in 2013, and its official Japanese version was published in 2014. The Japanese Government uses classifications from the 10th revision of the I nternational C lassification of D iseases (ICD-10) to categorize disorders and determine treatment fees. However, since the publication of the DSM-III, the use of the DSM system has become prevalent in research and educational settings in Japan. In addition to traditional psychiatry, both the ICD and the DSM are taught by many Japanese medical schools, and virtually all clinical research and trials refer to the DSM to define targeted disorders...
September 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Scott Hasson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Zoe C Hesp, Graham A Cousens, Lora Becker, Michele C Zee, G Andrew Mickley
Nu Rho Psi, the National Honor Society in Neuroscience, celebrates its 10th anniversary by reflecting back upon a decade's worth of growth, successes, and accomplishments of its membership. Fundamentally, Nu Rho Psi seeks to engage the nation's best and brightest science students early in their educational pursuits and steer them towards future careers in neuroscience, thereby driving higher quality neuroscience education and research at all levels. This article details the history of Nu Rho Psi since its founding by the Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN) and reviews the current programs, benefits, and future initiatives of the Society...
2016: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Eric P Wiertelak, Kristen E Frenzel, Leah A Roesch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Raddy L Ramos, Erik Guercio, Thomas Levitan, Shannon O'Malley, Phoebe T Smith
Undergraduates choose to become neuroscience majors for a number of reasons including future career goals. Faculty and administration of undergraduate neuroscience programs understand that many neuroscience majors have aspirations of applying and matriculating to medical school (Prichard, 2015); however a quantitative understanding of this particular student population remains unknown, especially in the context of the national growth in undergraduate neuroscience education (Ramos et al., 2011). In the present report, we use medical school application data to establish a novel quantitative understanding of the number of neuroscience majors that apply and matriculate to osteopathic medical school...
2016: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Rachel Catlin, Abigail Taylor, Lisa Ditchek, Samantha Burnett, Showkhin Khan, Olivia Todd, Marguerite Adams, Eva Touhey, Andrew Wynkoop, James Ryan
Cell culture is a powerful tool for exploring cellular function. Culturing primary neurons has revealed how neurons communicate in learning and memory (Kandel, 2006) and provided insights into the mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease (Alberio et al., 2012; Trinchese, et al., 2004). Here we describe a series of four modular laboratory exercises to integrate this neuroscience technique in undergraduate teaching laboratories. First, we describe the modular approach...
2016: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
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