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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070213/lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-computed-tomographic-angiography-colonoscopy-or-both
#1
Daniel Clerc, Fabian Grass, Markus Schäfer, Alban Denys, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
BACKGROUND: Lower endoscopy (LE) is the standard diagnostic modality for lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB). Conversely, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) offers an immediate non-invasive diagnosis visualizing the entire gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to compare these 2 modalities with regards to diagnostic value and bleeding control. METHODS: Tertiary center retrospective analysis of consecutive patients admitted for LGIB between 2006 and 2012...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067674/a-pathology-of-mesh-and-time-dysejaculation-sexual-pain-and-orchialgia-resulting-from-polypropylene-mesh-erosion-into-the-spermatic-cord
#2
Vladimir Iakovlev, Andreas Koch, Kevin Petersen, John Morrison, David Grischkan, Vali Oprea, Robert Bendavid
OBJECTIVE: The ubiquitous use of polypropylene mesh in hernia surgery has spawned a new clinical syndrome: chronic post-herniorrhaphy neuralgia. A subset of that clinical picture is dysejaculation, sexual pain, and orchialgia. We propose to identify the processes that lead to that pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Specimens of vas adherent to polypropylene mesh, explanted in an attempt to control severe, life-changing inguinodynia are extremely difficult to obtain...
January 6, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044238/vaporize-anatomically-vaporize-or-enucleate-the-prostate-the-flexible-use-of-the-greenlight-laser
#3
Luca Cindolo, Lorenzo Ruggera, Paolo Destefanis, Claudio Dadone, Giovanni Ferrari
PURPOSES: GreenLight laser has gained increasing acceptance as a less invasive treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH/LUTS). Three surgical options were developed: standard photovaporization (PVP), anatomical PVP and GreenLight enucleation of prostate (GreenLEP); however, literature lacks a direct comparison among the procedures. Aim of the present study is to compare the three techniques in a multicentre series of patients. METHODS: Data were collected from consecutive patients with indication to surgical management of BPH/LUTS in five institutions...
January 2, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041648/short-term-safety-of-oncoplastic-breast-conserving-surgery-for-larger-tumors
#4
D J Wijgman, B Ten Wolde, N R A van Groesen, M E Keemers-Gels, F J H van den Wildenberg, L J A Strobbe
BACKGROUND: Oncoplastic surgery (OPS) replaces lumpectomy as standard technique in breast conserving surgery (BCS). OPS has shown to give good cosmetic results, but is it as safe as standard lumpectomy? We conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine postoperative complications, resection margins and re-excision rates for OPS compared to standard lumpectomy. METHODS: Based on data from the 'Netherlands Cancer Registry' and medical records we scored patient, treatment and follow-up related variables...
December 18, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040858/multicenter-analysis-of-neoadjuvant-docetaxel-carboplatin-and-trastuzumab-in-her2-positive-breast-cancer
#5
Isabel Echavarria, Mónica Granja, Coralia Bueno, Sara Lopez-Tarruella, Paloma Peinado, Miguel Sotelo, Yolanda Jerez, Fernando Moreno, Gabriela Torres, Miriam Lobo, Ivan Marquez-Rodas, Maria Del Monte-Millan, Miguel Martín, Jose Angel García-Saenz
PURPOSE: In an era where neoadjuvant dual blockade is emerging as the standard of care for early and locally advanced HER2-positive breast cancer, we aimed to identify predictors of response to single-blockade chemotherapy. METHODS: This retrospective analysis reviewed all the incident stage I-III HER2-positive breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant docetaxel, carboplatin, and trastuzumab (TCH) in three institutions. pCR was defined as the absence of invasive tumor in breast and axillary nodes (ypT0/isypN0)...
December 31, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033508/pathological-complete-response-in-invasive-breast-cancer-treated-by-skin-sparing-mastectomy-and-immediate-reconstruction-following-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-and-radiation-therapy-comparison-between-immunohistochemical-subtypes
#6
J Barrou, M Bannier, M Cohen, E Lambaudie, A Gonçalves, P Bertrand, M Buttarelli, P Opinel, N Sterkers, A Tallet, C Zinzindohoué, G Houvenaeghel
CONTEXT: Even if neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and oncoplastic techniques have increased the breast conserving surgery rate, mastectomy is still a standard for multifocal or extensive breast cancers (BC). In the prospect of increasing breast reconstruction, an alternative therapeutic protocol was developed combining NACT with neoadjuvant radiation therapy (NART), followed by mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction (IBR). The oncological safety of this therapeutic plan still needs further exploration...
December 26, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026205/preoperative-breast-mri-surgeons-patient-selection-patterns-and-potential-bias-in-outcomes-analyses
#7
Jiyon Lee, Elaine Tanaka, Peter R Eby, Shouhao Zhou, Wei Wei, Christine Eppelheimer, Vilert A Loving
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine which patient- and tumor-related and clinical variables influence dedicated breast surgeons' and general surgeons' referrals for preoperative breast MRI for patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgeons who perform breast surgery responded to a survey from June 16, 2014, through August 11, 2014. Participants self-identified as breast or general surgeons and provided professional practice details...
December 27, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002557/reoperation-rates-in-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-vs-invasive-breast-cancer-after-wire-guided-breast-conserving-surgery
#8
Linnea Langhans, Maj-Britt Jensen, Maj-Lis M Talman, Ilse Vejborg, Niels Kroman, Tove F Tvedskov
Importance: New techniques for preoperative localization of nonpalpable breast lesions may decrease the reoperation rate in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) compared with rates after surgery with the standard wire-guided localization. However, a valid reoperation rate for this procedure needs to be established for comparison, as previous studies on this procedure include a variety of malignant and benign breast lesions. Objectives: To determine the reoperation rate after wire-guided BCS in patients with histologically verified nonpalpable invasive breast cancer (IBC) or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and to examine whether the risk of reoperation is associated with DCIS or histologic type of the IBC...
December 21, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984658/no-impact-of-breast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-on-15-year-outcomes-in-patients-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-or-early-stage-invasive-breast-cancer-managed-with-breast-conservation-therapy
#9
Neha Vapiwala, Wei-Ting Hwang, Carolyn J Kushner, Mitchell D Schnall, Gary M Freedman, Lawrence J Solin
BACKGROUND: For women undergoing breast conservation therapy (BCT), the added value of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the time of initial diagnosis remains controversial. The current study was performed to determine long-term outcomes after BCT for women with and without pretreatment breast MRI. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2001, a total of 755 women with ductal carcinoma in situ or early-stage invasive breast cancer underwent breast-conserving surgery (with axillary lymph node staging for invasive carcinoma) followed by definitive breast radiotherapy...
December 16, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935160/surgical-treatment-of-mature-cystic-teratomas-a-comparison-of-emergent-and-elective-surgeries
#10
Hadas Ganer Herman, Ron Sagiv, Hagit Raphaeli, Ram Kerner, Ran Keidar, Jacob Bar, Shimon Ginath
AIM: To compare patient characteristics, imaging and surgical management of mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) according to surgery type - elective versus emergent. METHODS: The study included surgeries performed between 1990 and 2016, during which histologically verified ovarian MCT material was obtained. The elective management group included surgeries performed at a pre-set date or incidental finding of MCT as part of a different surgery. Emergent surgeries were considered as such if performed as a result of suspected adnexal torsion...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926784/preoperative-characteristics-and-cytological-features-of-136-histologically-confirmed-pancreatic-mucinous-cystic-neoplasms
#11
Aristana Scourtas, Jonathan C Dudley, William R Brugge, Abdurrahman Kadayifci, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Martha B Pitman
BACKGROUND: Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) of the pancreas present a management conundrum. The majority are benign but all are resected due to their malignant potential. Recent studies have recommended nonsurgical management. In the current study, the authors analyzed the preoperative imaging, cytology, and cyst fluid characteristics of 136 histologically confirmed MCNs to assess predictors of a high-risk (HR) cyst for surgical triage. METHODS: MCNs resected at the Massachusetts General Hospital between 1990 and 2014 formed the study cohort...
December 7, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872526/progesterone-receptors-pathological-complete-response-and-early-outcome-for-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-a-single-centre-study-pplb-01
#12
Sanjit Agrawal, Lalit Banswal, Animesh Saha, Indu Arun, Soumitra Shankar Datta, Sanjoy Chatterjee, Rosina Ahmed
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) for locally advanced breast cancer (LABC), apart from increasing breast conservation rates, also provides an opportunity to assess tumour response to chemotherapy, with Pathological Complete Response (pCR) described as an independent prognostic factor and a surrogate marker for better outcome and survival. Our primary aim was to identify clinical and pathological factors associated with pCR following NACT in patients with LABC treated at our institution. Our secondary aim was to analyze the impact of pCR and associated factors on disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS)...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867847/retroperitoneal-and-laparoscopic-heminephrectomy-in-duplex-kidney-in-infants-and-children
#13
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Marco Castagnetti, Antonio Savanelli, Angela La Manna, Alessandra Farina, Francesco Turrà, Agnese Roberti, Alessandro Settimi, Francois Varlet, Holger Till, Jean Stephan Valla
BACKGROUND: Two main techniques are adopted to perform partial nephrectomy in children: laparoscopy and retroperitoneoscopy. The aim of this paper is to review the larger multicentric experience recently published by our group to review indications, techniques and results of both approaches. METHODS: Data of 102 patients underwent partial nephrectomy in a 5-year period using minimally invasive surgery (MIS) procedures were analyzed. Fifty-two children underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN), and 50 children underwent retroperitoneoscopic partial nephrectomy (RPN)...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846840/exclusive-intraoperative-radiotherapy-for-invasive-breast-cancer-in-elderly-patients-70%C3%A2-years-proportion-of-eligible-patients-and-local-recurrence-free-survival
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Eric Lambaudie, Gilles Houvenaeghel, Amira Ziouèche, Sophie Knight, François Dravet, Jean Remy Garbay, Sylvie Giard, Hélène Charitansky, Monique Cohen, Christelle Faure, Delphine Hudry, Paul Azuar, Richard Villet, Pierre Gimbergues, Christine Tunon de Lara, Agnès Tallet, Marie Bannier, Mathieu Minsat, Michel Resbeut
BACKGROUND: To estimate the proportion of elderly patients (>70 years) with breast cancer eligible for an Exclusive IntraOperative RadioTherapy (E-IORT) and to evaluate their local recurrence-free survival rate. METHODS: This retrospective study examining two cohorts focuses on patients over 70 years old: a multi-centric cohort of 1411 elderly patients and a mono-centric cohort of 592 elderly patients. All patients underwent conservative surgery followed by external radiotherapy for T0-T3 N0-N1 invasive breast cancer, between 1980 and 2008...
November 15, 2016: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846456/management-and-outcomes-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Nathaniel R Smilowitz, Navdeep Gupta, Yu Guo, Rina Mauricio, Sripal Bangalore
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with cardiovascular disease and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Contemporary management and outcomes of AMI in patients with CKD have not been reported. METHODS: We analyzed United States National Inpatient Sample data for patients admitted with AMI with or without CKD from 2007 to 2012. Propensity score matching was used to identify patients with AMI and CKD with similar baseline characteristics who were managed invasively (cardiac catheterization, percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI], or coronary artery bypass graft surgery [CABG]) or conservatively...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822630/outcomes-of-sentinel-lymph-node-positive-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-mastectomy-without-axillary-therapy
#16
Elizabeth FitzSullivan, Roland L Bassett, Henry M Kuerer, Elizabeth A Mittendorf, Min Yi, Kelly K Hunt, Gildy V Babiera, Abigail S Caudle, Dalliah M Black, Isabelle Bedrosian, Chantal Reyna, Mediget Teshome, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Rosa Hwang
PURPOSE: Early-stage breast cancer patients with minimal axillary disease identified by sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) have low regional recurrence rates when treated with breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy (XRT) and many avoid a completion axillary lymph node dissection (CLND). As the incidence of total mastectomy (TM) has increased, it has become important to characterize which TM patients with a positive SLN may not benefit from further axillary treatment. METHODS: An institutional database was utilized to identify patients treated with a TM for invasive breast cancer and who had a positive SLN from 1994 to 2010...
October 3, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822113/danish-quality-database-for-mammography-screening
#17
REVIEW
Ellen M Mikkelsen, Sisse H Njor, Ilse Vejborg
AIM: The Danish Quality Database for Mammography Screening (DKMS) was established in 2007, with the aim to monitor, sustain, and improve the quality of the Danish national breast cancer screening program. STUDY POPULATION: All Danish women aged 50-69 years who were invited every 2 years for breast cancer screening in the nationwide program since July 10, 2007. MAIN VARIABLES: The DKMS consists of data retrieved from the five regional invitation systems, the National Pathology Registry, and the National Registry of Patients...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815003/an-assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-long-term-ecosystem-restoration-project-in-a-fynbos-shrubland-catchment-in-south-africa
#18
Jennifer M Fill, Greg G Forsyth, Suzaan Kritzinger-Klopper, David C Le Maitre, Brian W van Wilgen
The long-term effectiveness of ecological restoration projects is seldom reported in the scientific literature. This paper reports on the outcomes of ecosystem restoration following the clearing of alien Pinus plantations and associated alien plant invasions over 13 years from an 8000 ha mountain catchment in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. We examined the goals, methods and costs of management, and the ecological outcomes in terms of reduced alien plant cover and native vegetation recovery. While the goals were not explicitly formulated at the outset, they were implicitly focussed on the conservation of water resources, the restoration of biodiversity, and the provision of employment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781045/local-fibrinolysis-in-spontaneous-supratentorial-hematomas-comparison-with-surgical-and-medical-treatment
#19
Eugeniu Condrea, Valeriu Timirgaz, Stanislav Groppa, Ion Codreanu, Natalia Rotaru
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of minimally invasive craniopuncture with local fibrinolysis in the management of supratentorial spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH). METHODS: The study included 218 consecutive patients with supratentorial SICH who were assigned to one of three groups: treated with minimally invasive craniopuncture with local fibrinolysis, treated with craniotomy or other minimally invasive techniques without local fibrinolysis, or receiving conservative management alone...
September 2016: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779099/ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-of-breast-detection-and-treatment-pattern-in-hong-kong
#20
T K Yau, A Chan, P Sy Cheung
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ has been widely reported in the western and other Asian countries, but the relevant data in Hong Kong are relatively limited. This study aimed to evaluate the latest detection and treatment pattern for ductal carcinoma in situ in Hong Kong so as to guide planning of future service provision. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series study. A total of 573 patients who registered with the Hong Kong Breast Cancer Registry, and were diagnosed and treated in Hong Kong from January 2001 to December 2011 were reviewed...
October 24, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
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