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Jian Zhu, Zai-Jie Xu, Guo-Jun Weng, Jing Zhao, Jian-Jun Li, Jun-Wu Zhao
In this report, Ag-dielectric-Au three-layered nanoshells with controlled inner core size were synthesized. The fluorescence emission of the rhodamine 6G (R6G) could be quenched by the three-layered nanoshells distinctly. What's more, the fluorescence quenching efficiency could be further improved by tuning the etching of inner Ag nanosphere. The maximum fluorescence quenching efficiency is obtained when the separate layer just appears between the inner Ag core and the outer Au shell. Whereas the fluorescence quenching efficiency is weakened when no gaps take place around the inner Ag core or the separate layer is too thick and greater than 13nm...
April 10, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Alexander Parobek, Jacob W Black, Maria Kamenetska, Ziad Ganim
Measuring absorption spectra of single molecules presents a fundamental challenge for standard transmission-based instruments because of the inherently low signal relative to the large background of the excitation source. Here we demonstrate a new approach for performing absorption spectroscopy in solution using a force measurement to read out optical excitation at the nanoscale. The photoinduced force between model chromophores and an optically trapped gold nanoshell has been measured in water at room temperature...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Linyu Hu, Chunlong Dai, Jin-Myoung Lim, Yuming Chen, Xin Lian, Minqiang Wang, Yi Li, Penghao Xiao, Graeme Henkelman, Maowen Xu
Li-S batteries have attracted enormous interest due to their potentially high energy density, non-toxicity and the low cost of sulfur. The main challenges of sulfur cathodes are the short cycling life and limited power density caused by the low conductivity of sulfur and dissolution of Li polysulfides. Here we design a new double-hierarchical sulfur host to address these problems. Hierarchical carbon spheres (HCSs), constructed from building blocks of hollow carbon nanobubbles for loading sulfur, are sealed within a thin, polar MoS2 coating composed of ultrathin nanosheets...
January 21, 2018: Chemical Science
Corinne J Hofer, Robert N Grass, Elia M Schneider, Lyndsey Hendriks, Antoine F Herzog, Martin Zeltner, Detlef Günther, Wendelin J Stark
Selective dealloying of metal nanoparticles results in rattle-type hollow carbon nanoshells enclosing platinum nanoparticles, which are able to perform size-selective catalysis. Selective functionalization of the outer graphene-like carbon surface prevents agglomeration and leads to well dispersible nanocatalysts in aqueous solutions. The synthesis starts with the production of nanoparticles with a cobalt-platinum-alloy core surrounded by graphene-like carbon via reducing flame spray synthesis. After surface functionalization, simultaneous pore formation in the shell-wall and dissolution of the cobalt results in platinum encapsulated in hollow carbon nanospheres...
January 14, 2018: Chemical Science
Lihua Luo, Jie Yang, Chunqi Zhu, Mengshi Jiang, Xiaomeng Guo, Wei Li, Xiaoyi Yin, Hang Yin, Bin Qin, Xiaoling Yuan, Qingpo Li, Yongzhong Du, Jian You
Immune checkpoint PD-1/PD-L1 blockade has emerged as a successful immunotherapy strategy for treating several types of malignant tumors. A constant and proper drug concentration during the treatment is important because the long-term activation of the immune system is urgently needed to perdurably recognize and attack cancer cells for a better therapeutic effect with minimum side effects. However, practically few related studies have been reported to date. In this study, we constructed a therapeutic strategy combining PD-1 blocking with photothermal ablation for malignant tumors by co-encapsulating anti-PD-1 peptide (APP) and hollow gold nanoshell (HAuNS) into biodegradable Poly (d, l-lactic-co-glycolide) nanoparticles (APP- and HAuNS-loaded PLGA nanoparticles, AA@PN)...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Lucas Vazquez Besteiro, Xiang-Tian Kong, Zhiming Wang, Federico Rosei, Alexander O Govorov
The need for energy-saving materials is pressing. This paper reports on the design of energy-saving glasses and films based on plasmonic nanocrystals that efficiently block infrared radiation. Designing such plasmonic composite glasses is nontrivial and requires to take full advantage of both material and shape-related properties of the nanoparticles. We compute the performance of solar plasmonic glasses incorporating a transparent matrix and specially-shaped nanocrystals. The performance of glasses made with a given nanocrystal ensemble depend on its shape and material...
April 5, 2018: Nano Letters
Jinchang Yin, Deqi Chen, Yu Zhang, Chaorui Li, Lizhi Liu, Yuanzhi Shao
Gadolinium oxide-based core-shelled nanoparticles have recently emerged as novel magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents for high relaxivity and tumor targeting. However, their relaxivity enhancement mechanism has not yet been clearly understood. We prepared highly dispersible and uniform core-shell structured nanoparticles by encapsulating silica spheres (90 nm in diameter) with gadolinium oxide shells of different thicknesses (from 1.5 nm to 20 nm), and proved experimentally that the shell thickness has an inverse effect on relaxivity...
April 5, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mette Mogensen, Sophie Bojesen, Niels Moeller Israelsen, Michael Maria, Mikkel Jensen, Adrian Podoleanu, Ole Bang, Merete Haedersdal
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical imaging technology that enables real time, high-resolution, cross-sectional and en face investigation of skin by detecting reflected broad-spectrum near-infrared light from tissue. OCT provides micron-scale spatial resolution and millimeter-scale depth of penetration [1]. Several commercial OCT systems with handheld probes targeted for Dermatology are now available [2].
April 2, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Li Xu, Jing Du, Caifeng Wan, Yu Zhang, Shaowei Xie, Hongli Li, Hong Yang, Fenghua Li
Background: The development of nanoscale molecularly targeted ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) with high affinity and specificity is critical for ultrasound molecular imaging in the early detection of breast cancer. Purpose: To prospectively evaluate ultrasound molecular imaging with dual-targeted gold nanoshelled poly(lactide-co-glycolic acid) nanocapsules carrying vascular endothelial growth factor receptor type 2 (VEGFR2) and p53 antibodies (DNCs) in MCF-7 orthotopic mice model...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Nicolò Bontempi, Irene Vassalini, Stefano Danesi, Matteo Ferroni, Maurizio Donarelli, Paolo Colombi, Ivano Alessandri
Silicon is one of the most interesting candidates for plasmon-free Surface Enhaced Raman Scattering (SERS), because of its high-refractive index and thermal stability. However, here we demonstrate that the alleged thermal stability of silicon nanoshells irradiated by conventional Raman laser cannot be taken for granted. We investigated the opto-thermal behavior of SiO2/Si core/shell microbeads (Si-rex) irradiated with three common Raman laser sources (lambda=532, 633, 785 nm) under real working conditions. We obtained an experimental proof of the critical role played by bead size and aggregation in heat and light management, demonstrating that in the case of strong opto-thermal coupling the temperature can exceed that of the melting points of both core and shell components...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Megha K Trivedi, Suzana S Bosanac, Raja K Sivamani, Larissa N Larsen
As we gain a greater understanding of acne pathogenesis, both new agents as well as new uses for established drugs are being considered for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Multiple clinical trials assessing new formulations or combinations of established acne treatments have been conducted, and novel uses of antimicrobials such as modified diallyl disulfide oxide and nitric oxide are being assessed in clinical trials. There are also a multitude of new therapies currently being studied that target the inflammatory cascade of acne pathogenesis, including sebosuppressive and anti-inflammatory phytochemicals, and  small molecule inhibitors targeting sebaceous glands and enzymes, among others...
March 29, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Nikolay S Semenikhin, Naveen Reddy Kadasala, Robert J Moon, Joseph W Perry, Kenneth H Sandhage
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) can be attractive templates for the generation of functional inorganic/organic nanoparticles, given their fine sizes, aspect ratios, and sustainable worldwide availability in abundant quantities. Here we present for the first time a scalable, surfactant-free, tailorable wet chemical process for converting commercially-available CNCs into individual aspected gold nanoshell-bearing particles with tunable surface plasmon resonance bands. Using a rational cellulose functionalization approach, stable suspensions of positively-charged CNCs have been generated...
March 26, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xiaoyu Wang, Yong-Qiang Deng, Dong Yang, Yun Xiao, Hui Zhao, Qing-Gong Nian, Xurong Xu, Xiao-Feng Li, Ruikang Tang, Cheng-Feng Qin
Pre-existing antibodies can aggravate disease during subsequent infection or vaccination via the mechanism of antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of infection. Herein, using dengue virus (DENV) as a model, we present a versatile surface-camouflage strategy to obtain a virus core-calcium phosphate shell hybrid by self-templated biomineralization. The shelled DENV stealthily avoids recognition by pre-existing antibodies under extracellular conditions, resulting in the efficient abrogation of the ADE of infection both in vitro and in vivo ...
December 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Maria J Gonzalez-Moa, Bieke Van Dorst, Ole Lagatie, Ann Verheyen, Lieven Stuyver, Marco A Biamonte
Three O. volvulus immunogenic peptide sequences recently discovered by peptide microarray were adapted to a lateral flow assay (LFA). The LFA employs gold nanoshells as novel high-contrast reporter nanoparticles and detects a serological response against the 3 peptides, found in OvOC9384, OvOC198, and OvOC5528, respectively. When tested on 118 sera from O. volvulus infected patients and 208 control sera, the LFA was 90%, 63%, and 98% sensitive for each peptide, respectively, and 99-100% specific vs samples from healthy volunteers...
March 21, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
Jiaohan Guo, Kevin Black, Jiawen Hu, Mahi R Singh
We developed a theory for the fluorescence (FL) for quantum emitter and double metallic nanoshell dimer hybrids using the density matrix method. The dimer is made from two identical double metallic nanoshells, which are made of a dielectric core, a gold metallic shell and a dielectric spacer layer. The quantum emitters are deposited on the surface of the spacer layers of the dimers due to the electrostatic absorptions. We consider that dimer hybrids are surrounded by biological cells. This can be achieved by injecting them in human or animal cells...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Stéphane Faucher, Samantha Soulé, Anne-Laure Bulteau, Joachim Allouche, Gaëtane Lespes
A method to determine total gold (Au) and/or silver (Ag) elemental concentrations from gold nanoparticles, Au-Ag nanoshells (NS) and silica coated Au-Ag nanoshells was developed, evaluated and validated. Samples were mineralized in a mixture of concentrated aqua regia and hydrofluoric acid at 65 °C for 4 h. Mineralized solutions were diluted and standard solutions were prepared in aqua regia 5%. ICP-MS analysis was performed with or without the use of a reaction cell (CRC). For the determination of elemental concentrations of nanopowders and test suspensions, the average recovery was 99 ± 2% and 101 ± 2% for gold and silver respectively...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Xuming Sun, Lin Huang, Ru Zhang, Wei Xu, Jingyi Huang, Deepanjali D Gurav, Vadanasundari Vedarethinam, Ruoping Chen, Jiatao Lou, Qian Wang, Jingjing Wan, Kun Qian
Current metabolic analysis is far from ideal to engage clinics and needs rationally designed materials and device. Here we developed a novel plasmonic chip for clinical metabolic fingerprinting. We first constructed a series of chips with gold nanoshells on the surface through controlled particle synthesis, dip-coating, and gold sputtering for mass production. We integrated the optimized chip with microarrays for laboratory automation and micro-/nanoscaled experiments, which afforded direct high-performance metabolic fingerprinting by laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry using 500 nL of various biofluids and exosomes...
February 28, 2018: ACS Central Science
Cheng Xu, Feng Chen, Hector F Valdovinos, Dawei Jiang, Shreya Goel, Bo Yu, Haiyan Sun, Todd E Barnhart, James J Moon, Weibo Cai
Mesoporous silica nanoshell (MSN) coating has been demonstrated as a versatile surface modification strategy for various kinds of inorganic functional nanoparticles, such as gold nanorods (GNRs), to achieve not only improved nanoparticle stability but also concomitant drug loading capability. However, limited drug loading capacity and low tumor accumulation rate in vivo are two major challenges for the biomedical applications of MSN-coated GNRs (GNR@MSN). In this study, by coating uniformly sized GNRs with MSN in an oil-water biphase reaction system, we have successfully synthesized a new bacteria-like GNR@MSN (i...
May 2018: Biomaterials
Hang Sun, Shan Zeng, Yinxing Shang, Qinrong He
Developing an effective and reliable method for trace arsenic (As) detection is a prerequisite for improving the safety of drinking water. In this paper, we designed and prepared Ag@Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles (NPs), which were then used as Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) probe for trace arsenate (As(V)) detection. The Ag@Fe3O4 core-shell NPs were prepared by in situ growth of Fe3O4 NPs on the surface of AgNPs, which can effectively combine the strong adsorption ability of Fe3O4 nanoshells to As(V) with high SERS activity of Ag nanocores to decrease the detection limit...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Regivaldo G Sobral-Filho, Lindsay DeVorkin, Sarah Macpherson, Andrew Jirasek, Julian J Lum, Alexandre G Brolo
The detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood samples can predict prognosis, response to systemic chemotherapy, and metastatic spread of carcinoma. Therefore, approaches for CTC identification is an important aspect of current cancer research. Here, a method for the direct visualization of nanoparticle-coated CTCs under dark field illumination is presented. A metastatic breast cancer cell line (4T1) was transduced with a non-native target protein (Thy1.1). Positive 4T1-Thy1.1 cells incubated with antibody-coated metallic nanoshells appeared overly bright at low magnification, allowing a quick screening of samples and easy visual detection of even single isolated CTCs...
February 7, 2018: ACS Nano
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