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Jing-Min Liu, Yao-Yao Liu, Dong-Dong Zhang, Guozhen Fang, Shuo Wang
The rise of multimodal nanoprobes has promoted the development of new methods to explore multiple molecular targets simultaneously, or to combine various bioimaging tools in one assay to more clearly delineate localization and expression of bio-markers. Persistent luminescence nanophosphors (PLNPs) have been qualified as the promising contrast agent for in vivo imaging. The easy surface modification and proper nanostructure design strategy would favor the fabrication of PLNPs based multi-functional nanoprobes for biological application...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Christos Tserkezis, Nikolaos Stefanou, Martijn Wubs, N Asger Mortensen
Molecular spontaneous emission and fluorescence depend strongly on the emitter local environment. Plasmonic nanoparticles provide excellent templates for tailoring fluorophore emission, as they exhibit potential for both fluorescence enhancement and quenching, depending on emitter positioning in the nanoparticle vicinity. Here we explore the influence of hitherto disregarded nonclassical effects on the description of emitter-plasmon hybrids, focusing on the roles of the metal nonlocal response and especially size-dependent plasmon damping...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Farzaneh Ghorbani, Neda Attaran-Kakhki, Ameneh Sazgarnia
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) are two known optical remedies of cancer. PTT can be combined with other therapies. One of the limitations of optical therapies is the penetration of light into biological tissues, which reduces its effectiveness due to usage of photosensitizers and PTT agents, which are absorbed in the NIR region that provides the maximum penetration. For instance, Indocyanine green (ICG) serves as a photosensitizer and Gold nanostructures as agents for PTT...
October 5, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Wonmo Sung, Seongmoon Jung, Sung-Joon Ye
The aim of this study is to investigate the dosimetric characteristics of nanoparticle-enhanced Auger therapy. Monte Carlo (MC) simulations were performed to assess electron energy spectra and dose enhancement distributions around a nanoparticle. In the simulations, two types of nanoparticle structures were considered: nanoshell and nanosphere, both of which were assumed to be made of one of five elements (Fe, Ag, Gd, Au, and Pt) in various sizes (2-100 nm). Auger-electron emitting radionuclides (I-125, In-111, and Tc-99m) were simulated within a nanoshell or on the surface of a nanosphere...
October 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
M C Ortega-Liebana, J L Hueso, R Arenal, J Santamaria
Gold nanorods coated with a uniform titanium dioxide nanoshell have been prepared and used as glucose-oxidase surrogates. Remarkably, this core-shell photocatalytic nanostructure has been able to induce complete oxidation of glucose at near room temperature (32-34 °C) in a wide range of pH values with the aid of a near-infrared (NIR) irradiation source. In contrast, the uncoated gold nanorods exhibit negligible photo-oxidation response under identical experimental conditions thereby proving the photoactivity of the titania shell towards glucose oxidation...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Fernando Soto, Gregory L Wagner, Victor Garcia-Gradilla, Kyle T Gillespie, Deepak R Lakshmipathy, Emil Karshalev, Chava Angell, Yi Chen, Joseph Wang
Herein we report a new design for acoustic nanoswimmers, making use of a nanoshell geometry that was synthesized using a sphere template process. Such shell-shaped nanomotors display highly efficient acoustic propulsion on the nanoscale by converting energy from the ambient acoustic field into motion. The propulsion mechanism of the nanoshell motors relies on acoustic streaming stress over the asymmetric surface to produce the driving force for motion. The shell-shaped nanomotors offer a high surface area to volume ratio, allow for efficient scalability and provide higher cargo towing capacity (in comparison to acoustically propelled nanowires)...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
S B Rochal, O V Konevtsova, A E Myasnikova, V L Lorman
We propose the principles of structural organization in spherical nanoassemblies with icosahedral symmetry constituted by asymmetric protein molecules. The approach modifies the paradigmatic geometrical Caspar and Klug (CK) model of icosahedral viral capsids and demonstrates the common origin of both the "anomalous" and conventional capsid structures. In contrast to all previous models of "anomalous" viral capsids the proposed modified model conserves the basic structural principles of the CK approach and reveals the common hidden symmetry underlying all small viral shells...
September 29, 2016: Nanoscale
Akshay Phadnis, Sumit Kumar, Atul Srivastava
The work presented in this paper focuses on numerically investigating the thermal response of gold nanoshells-embedded biological tissue phantoms with potential applications into photo-thermal therapy wherein the interest is in destroying the cancerous cells with minimum damage to the surrounding healthy cells. The tissue phantom has been irradiated with a pico-second laser. Radiative transfer equation (RTE) has been employed to model the light-tissue interaction using discrete ordinate method (DOM). For determining the temperature distribution inside the tissue phantom, the RTE has been solved in combination with a generalized non-Fourier heat conduction model namely the dual phase lag bio-heat transfer model...
October 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Xinghua Liu, Chunhui Gao, Junheng Gu, Yunfang Jiang, Xinlin Yang, Shaoyong Li, Wei Gao, Tong An, Hongquan Duan, Jingwei Fu, Yinsong Wang, Xiaoying Yang
In recent years, considerable efforts have been made for the development of multifunctional nanoparticles with diagnosis and therapy functions. To achieve enhanced CT imaging and photothermal therapy on the tumor, we employed iodinated nanoparticles as template to construct Au nanoshell structure and demonstrated a facile but effective approach to synthesize biocompatible and well-dispersed multifunctional nanoparticles by coating iodinated nanoparticles with Au nanoshell and subsequent surface modification by hyaluronic acid...
October 6, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jibin Song, Hao Hu, Chao Jian, Kaichun Wu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Esophageal cancer is one of the six most common cancers in the world, constituting ∼7% of the gastrointestinal cancers. Esophageal stents can be inserted into the esophagus to open the pathway as a palliative treatment for advanced esophageal cancer. For the treatment of esophageal cancer, a series of anticancer drug-loaded stents such as paclitaxel or 5-fluorouracil/esophageal stent combinations have been prepared by covering a nitinol stent with a polymer or hydrogel shell. For the first time, we developed a gold nanoshell (AuNS)-coated stent with high photothermal efficiency and used in the repetitive photothermal therapy of esophageal cancer...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Le Yu, Zhongying Yan, Zhonghou Cai, Dongtang Zhang, Ping Han, Xuemei Cheng, Yugang Sun
We report the in situ investigation of the morphological evolution of silver nanowires to hollow silver oxide nanotubes using transmission X-ray microscopy (TXM). Complex silver diffusion kinetics and hollowing process via the Kirkendall effect have been captured in real time. Further quantitative X-ray absorption analysis reveals the difference between the longitudinal and radial diffusions. The diffusion coefficient of silver in its oxide nanoshell is, for the first time, calculated to be 1.2 × 10(-13) cm(2)/s from the geometrical parameters extracted from the TXM images...
October 12, 2016: Nano Letters
Kristine M Mayle, Kathryn R Dern, Vincent K Wong, Kevin Y Chen, Shijun Sung, Ke Ding, April R Rodriguez, Scott Knowles, Zachary Taylor, Z Hong Zhou, Warren S Grundfest, Anna M Wu, Timothy J Deming, Daniel T Kamei
Currently, there is no curative treatment for advanced metastatic prostate cancer, and options, such as chemotherapy, are often nonspecific, harming healthy cells and resulting in severe side effects. Attaching targeting ligands to agents used in anticancer therapies has been shown to improve efficacy and reduce nonspecific toxicity. Furthermore, the use of triggered therapies can enable spatial and temporal control over the treatment. Here, we combined an engineered prostate cancer-specific targeting ligand, the A11 minibody, with a novel photothermal therapy agent, polypeptide-based gold nanoshells, which generate heat in response to near-infrared light...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Laboratory Automation
Chunrong Gu, Hengfang Wu, Gaoyuan Ge, Xiongzhi Li, Zhirui Guo, Zhiping Bian, Jindan Xu, Hua Lu, Xiangjian Chen, Di Yang
Gold nanoparticles are emerging as promising biomedical tools due to their unique nanoscale characteristics. Our purpose was to synthesize a hollow-shaped gold nanoparticle and to investigate its effect on human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) in vitro. Hollow gold nanoshells with average 35-nm diameters and 10-nm shell thickness were obtained by galvanic replacement using quasi-spherical nanosilver as sacrifice-template. Our results showed that hollow gold nanoshells in the culture medium could be internalized into the cytoplasm of HAECs...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Samantha Soulé, Anne-Laure Bulteau, Stéphane Faucher, Bernard Haye, Carole Aimé, Joachim Allouche, Jean-Charles Dupin, Gaëtane Lespes, Thibaud Coradin, Hervé Martinez
Silica-coated gold-silver alloy nanoshells were obtained via a bioinspired approach using gelatin and poly-l-lysine (PLL) as biotemplates for the interfacial condensation of sodium silicate solutions. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used as an efficient tool for the in-depth and complete characterization of the chemical features of nanoparticles during the whole synthetic process. Cytotoxicity assays using HaCaT cells evidenced the detrimental effect of the gelatin nanocoating and significant induction of late apoptosis after silicification...
October 4, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xiaoyu Wang, Dong Yang, Shihua Li, Xurong Xu, Cheng-Feng Qin, Ruikang Tang
Frequent outbreaks and the rapid global spread of infectious diseases have increased the urgent need for massive vaccination especially in countries with limited resources. Intranasal vaccination facilitates the mass vaccination via needle-free delivery of vaccine through nasal mucosal surfaces. Inspired by the strong capability of calcium phosphate (CaP) materials to adhere to cells and tissues, we propose to improve nasal vaccination by using a biomineralization-based strategy. The vaccine nanohybrid was obtained by covering the viral surface with CaP nanoshell, which changed the physiochemical properties of original vaccine, resulting in the increase of mucosal adhesion to the nasal tissues...
November 2016: Biomaterials
Thenner S Rodrigues, Anderson G M da Silva, Mariana C Gonçalves, Humberto V Fajardo, Rosana Balzer, Luiz F D Probst, Alisson H M da Silva, Jose M Assaf, Pedro H C Camargo
We report herein a systematic investigation on the effect of the size of silver (Ag) nanoparticles employed as starting materials over the morphological features and catalytic performances of AgPt nanoshells produced by a combination of galvanic replacement between Ag and PtCl6(2-) and PtCl6(2-) reduction by hydroquinone. More specifically, we focused on Ag nanoparticles of four different sizes as starting materials, and found that the outer diameter, shell thickness, and the number of Pt surface atoms of the produced nanoshells increased with the size of the starting Ag nanoparticles...
September 13, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Trevor S Kelly, Yu-Xuan Ren, Akbar Samadi, Anna Bezryadina, Demetrios Christodoulides, Zhigang Chen
We demonstrate two different types of coupled beam propagation dynamics in colloidal gold nanosuspensions. In the first case, an infrared (IR) probe beam (1064 nm) is guided by a low-power visible beam (532 nm) in a gold nanosphere or in nanorod suspensions due to the formation of a plasmonic resonant soliton. Although the IR beam does not experience nonlinear self-action effects, even at high power levels, needle-like deep penetration of both beams through otherwise highly dissipative suspensions is realized...
August 15, 2016: Optics Letters
Liyao Luo, Yanhong Bian, Yanping Liu, Xuwu Zhang, Meili Wang, Shanshan Xing, Lei Li, Dawei Gao
Gold nanoshell coated oleanolic acid liposomes mediating by chitosan (GNOLs), are designed and successfully synthesized for the first time by D. Gao and co-workers on page number 4103. An excellent near infrared (NIR) photothermal effect, pH-responsive drug controlled release and tumor targeting properties are demonstrated. By combining NIR photothermal therapy and chemotherapy, the smart drug delivery system exhibits a superior antitumor property in vitro and in vivo.
August 2016: Small
Jesper Tranekjær Jørgensen, Kamilla Norregaard, Pengfei Tian, Poul Martin Bendix, Andreas Kjaer, Lene B Oddershede
Plasmonic nanoparticle-based photothermal cancer therapy is a promising new tool to inflict localized and irreversible damage to tumor tissue by hyperthermia, without harming surrounding healthy tissue. We developed a single particle and positron emission tomography (PET)-based platform to quantitatively correlate the heat generation of plasmonic nanoparticles with their potential as cancer killing agents. In vitro, the heat generation and absorption cross-section of single irradiated nanoparticles were quantified using a temperature sensitive lipid-based assay and compared to their theoretically predicted photo-absorption...
2016: Scientific Reports
U Khan, M Irfan, W J Li, N Adeela, P Liu, Q T Zhang, X F Han
A versatile approach towards nanofabrication of highly reproducible Co/BiCoO3 (Co/BCO) core/shell (CS) nanowires (NWs) with different diameters has been adopted by demonstrating easily available and low cost sol-gel and electrodeposition routes. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirmed the tetragonal system of the BCO nanoshells (NSs) with the space group P4mm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) clearly demonstrates the uniform morphology with well aligned CS NWs. The magnetization reversal processes (MRPs), experimentally and with analytical modelling, have been discussed for CS NWs with θ ranging from 0° (in-plane magnetic easy axis) to 90° (out-of-plane magnetic hard axis) with magnetic hysteresis loops and geometrical parameters...
August 11, 2016: Nanoscale
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