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Asifkhan Shanavas, Aravind Kumar Rengan, Deepak Chauhan, Liya George, Mukti Vats, Navneet Kaur, Pranjali Yadav, Purvi Mathur, Swaroop Chakraborty, Appidi Tejaswini, Abhijit De, Rohit Srivastava
Multifunctional biodegradable nanomaterials that could be used for both imaging and therapy are being researched extensively. A simple technique to synthesize multifunctional nanoparticles without compromising on any of their functionality is a challenge. We have attempted to optimize a two-step procedure of gold coated polymeric template involving 1) Single pot synthesis of PLGA nanoparticles with cationic surface charge using glycol chitosan and 2) in situ gold coating for formation of gold coated PLGA nanoshell (AuPLGA-NS)...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Akbar Samadi, Poul Martin Bendix, Lene B Oddershede
Nanostructures with exceptional absorption in the near infrared (NIR) regime are receiving significant attention due to their ability to promote controlled local heating in biological material upon irradiation. Also, such nano-structures have numerous applications in nano-electronics and for bio-exploration. Therefore, significant effort is being put into controlling and understanding plasmonic nanostructures. However, essentially all focus has been on NIR resonant gold nanoparticles and remarkably little attention has been given to nanoparticles of other materials that may have superior properties...
November 21, 2017: Nanoscale
Lev A Dykman, Sergey A Staroverov, Alexander S Fomin, Vitaly A Khanadeev, Boris N Khlebtsov, Vladimir A Bogatyrev
Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) are advantageous as an adjuvant in the design of effective vaccines and in the preparation of high-affinity antibodies to haptens and complete antigens. Another method of activating immunocompetent cells with colloidal gold is to conjugate GNPs with CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs). We examined how the size and shape of GNPs and various combinations of GNPs and CpG ODNs 1826 affect the immune response. When animals were injected with a model antigen (BSA) coupled to gold nanospheres (diameters, 15 and 50nm), nanorods, nanoshells, and nanostars, the titers of the resultant antibodies differed substantially...
November 14, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
Yuying Zhang, Xinping Wang, Sven Perner, Ágnes Bánkfalvi, Sebastian Schlücker
Immunohistochemical analysis of FFPE tissues provides important diagnostic and prognostic information in pathology. Metal nanoparticles (NPs) and in particular surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanotags as a new class of labelling reagents are promising to be used for multiplexed protein profiling on tissue sections. However, non-specific binding of NPs onto the tissue specimens greatly hampers their clinical applications. In this study, we found that the antigen retrieval method strongly influences the extent of non-specific binding of the antibody-SERS NP conjugates to the tissue...
November 17, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Hongyang Shao, Xiaoming Zhang, Hao Huang, Kan Zhang, Menglong Wang, Cai Zhang, Yifan Yang, Mao Wen, Weitao Zheng
The idea of a core-shell structure can promote the utilization of nonprecious metallic catalysts by enhancing their activity and stability for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Developing a low-cost, high-efficiency, and high-reproducibility method for synthesizing core-shell-structured materials represents an urgent challenge. Here, we fabricate encapsulated Cu nanoparticles with nitrogen-doped onion-like graphite nanoshells (Cu@onion-like N-C) as an efficient ORR catalyst by magnetron sputtering, in which the graphite shells grow by an in situ self-assembly process activated by the surface-catalyzed behavior with Cu nanoparticles...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jie Ying, Christoph Janiak, Yu-Xuan Xiao, Hao Wei, Xiao-Yu Yang, Bao-Lian Su
Cubic Pd nanocrystals with shape-controlled mesoporous silica shells have been theoretically designed and successfully synthesized for investigating the effect of a porous nanoshell on catalytic performance of the core. Cubic Pd@cubic mesoporous silica keeps activity of all facets and shows highest catalytic activity and enhanced reusability in the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene.
November 14, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
D El Khoury, V Fedorenko, J Castellon, M Bechelany, J-C Laurentie, S Balme, M Fréchette, M Ramonda, R Arinero
Nanocomposites physical properties unexplainable by general mixture laws are usually supposed to be related to interphases, highly present at the nanoscale. The intrinsic dielectric constant of the interphase and its volume need to be considered in the prediction of the effective permittivity of nanodielectrics, for example. The electrostatic force microscope (EFM) constitutes a promising technique to probe interphases locally. This work reports theoretical finite-elements simulations and experimental measurements to interpret EFM signals in front of nanocomposites with the aim of detecting and characterizing interphases...
2017: Scanning
Amanda M Goodman, Oara Neumann, Kamilla Nørregaard, Luke Henderson, Mi-Ran Choi, Susan E Clare, Naomi J Halas
Remotely controlled, localized drug delivery is highly desirable for potentially minimizing the systemic toxicity induced by the administration of typically hydrophobic chemotherapy drugs by conventional means. Nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems provide a highly promising approach for localized drug delivery, and are an emerging field of interest in cancer treatment. Here, we demonstrate near-IR light-triggered release of two drug molecules from both DNA-based and protein-based hosts that have been conjugated to near-infrared-absorbing Au nanoshells (SiO2 core, Au shell), each forming a light-responsive drug delivery complex...
November 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yu Zhang, Cai-Feng Wan, Jing Du, Qi Dong, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Hong Yang, Feng-Hua Li
Antibody-mediated targeting therapy has been successful in treating patients with breast cancer by improving the specificity and clinical efficacy. In this study, we constructed the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (Her2) antibody-conjugated ultrasound contrast agent with lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) as film forming and perfluorocty bromide (PFOB) as internal material, which was coated by gold nanoshell (Her2-PFOB@PLGA@Au), to realize the integration of diagnosis and treatment. The contrast agent was spherical, with the diameter was 256...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
He Tianou, Weicong Wang, Xiaolong Yang, Zhenming Cao, Qin Kuang, Zhao Wang, Zhiwei Shan, Mingshang Jin, Yadong Yin
The Kirkendall effect has been recently used to produce hollow nanostructures by taking advantage of the different diffusion rates of species involved in the chemical transformations of nanoscale objects. Here we demonstrate a nanoscale Kirkendall cavitation process that can transform solid palladium nanocrystals into hollow palladium nanocrystals through insertion and extraction of phosphorus. The key to success in producing monometallic hollow nanocrystals is the effective extraction of phosphorus through an oxidation reaction, which promotes the outward diffusion of phosphorus from the compound nanocrystals of palladium phosphide and consequently the inward diffusion of vacancies and their coalescence into larger voids...
November 2, 2017: Nature Communications
Chun Kit K Choi, Xiaolu Zhuo, Yee Ting Elaine Chiu, Hongrong Yang, Jianfang Wang, Chung Hang Jonathan Choi
Nanoshells, classically comprising gold as the metallic component and silica as the dielectric material, are important for fundamental studies in nanoplasmonics. They also empower a myriad of applications, including sensing, energy harvesting, and cancer therapy. Yet, laborious preparation precludes the development of next-generation nanoshells with structural complexity, compositional diversity, and tailorable plasmonic behaviors. This work presents an efficient approach to the bottom-up assembly of concentric nanoshells...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale
F W N Silva, E Cruz-Silva, M Terrones, H Terrones, E B Barros
Quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) and density functional theory are employed in this work in order to study the structural and electronic properties of carbon, boron nitride or hybrid BNC nanoshells. The studied nanoshells can be formed by stacking two zigzag graphene nanoribbons, two zigzag boron nitride nanoribbons or one zigzag graphene nanoribbon on a boron nitride nanoribbon. In all cases only one of the edges of the ribbon is passivated, while the other one is left unpassivated. Our QMD results show that these nanoribbons collapse just a few femtoseconds after the beginning of the simulation, forming a coalesced structure in the shape of a shell...
October 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
Min-Gon Lee, SeokJae Yoo, TaeHyung Kim, Q-Han Park
Two-dimensional transition metal chalcogenides (2D TMDCs) show photoluminescence (PL) as a result of direct band-gap transitions at visible wavelengths. Although 2D TMDCs have been considered for use in next-generation optoelectronics, practical applications are restricted by their low absorption and emission efficiency. To overcome these limitations using plasmonic local field enhancement, we propose the integration of gold nanoparticles with 2D TMDCs over a centimeter-scale area. Using self-assembled gold nanoshell monolayers, we produce a 10-fold increase in the PL of 2D TMDCs...
November 2, 2017: Nanoscale
Guangbao Yang, Ligeng Xu, Yu Chao, Jun Xu, Xiaoqi Sun, Yifan Wu, Rui Peng, Zhuang Liu
Herein, an intelligent biodegradable hollow manganese dioxide (H-MnO2) nano-platform is developed for not only tumor microenvironment (TME)-specific imaging and on-demand drug release, but also modulation of hypoxic TME to enhance cancer therapy, resulting in comprehensive effects favoring anti-tumor immune responses. With hollow structures, H-MnO2 nanoshells post modification with polyethylene glycol (PEG) could be co-loaded with a photodynamic agent chlorine e6 (Ce6), and a chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (DOX)...
October 12, 2017: Nature Communications
Ting-Yang Xing, Jing Zhao, Guo-Jun Weng, Jian Zhu, Jian-Jun Li, Jun-Wu Zhao
The detection of tumor biomarkers in the early stage is highly desirable for the therapy of cancer. However, rapid, low-cost, sensitive, and selective detection of biomarkers remains a challenge owing to the sequence homology, short length, and low abundance. This Research Article describes the synthesis of a novel carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) probe using hollow porous gold nanoparticles (HPGNPs) with roughened surface based on fluorescence quenching. For specific detection of CEA, the surface of HPGNP is modified by carboxyl modification, carboxyl activation, and antibody conjugation...
October 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Long Liu, Huilin Hou, Lin Wang, Rui Xu, Yong Lei, Shaohua Shen, Dongjiang Yang, Weiyou Yang
In the present work, we report the exploration of a transparent CdS@TiO2 nanotextile photoanode with boosted photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) efficiency and stability, by the controllable coating of an amorphous TiO2 ultrathin layer via the atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique. The optimal CdS@TiO2 nanotextile photoanode with a 3.5 nm TiO2 ultrathin layer exhibits a photocurrent density of 1.8 mA cm(-2) at 0 V vs. RHE, which is 11 times higher than that of the pristine CdS counterpart. The photocatalytic H2 evolution rate of CdS@TiO2 ranges up to 47...
October 19, 2017: Nanoscale
Bijay Kumar Poudel, Biki Gupta, Thiruganesh Ramasamy, Raj Kumar Thapa, Shiva Pathak, Kyung Taek Oh, Jee-Heon Jeong, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
Pancreatic cancer has extremely poor prognosis with an 85% mortality rate that results from aggressive and asymptomatic growth, high metastatic potential, and rapid development of resistance to already ineffective chemotherapy. In this study, plasmonic hollow gold nanoshells (GNS) coated with PEGylated thermosensitive lipids were prepared as an efficient platform to ratiometrically co-deliver two drugs, bortezomib and gemcitabine (GNS-L/GB), for combinational chemotherapy and photothermal therapy of pancreatic cancer...
September 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Francisco Wellery Nunes Silva, Eduardo Cruz-Silva, Mauricio Terrones, Humberto Terrones, E B Barros
Quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) and density functional theory (DFT) are employed in this work in order to study the structural and electronics properties of carbon, Boron Nitride or hybrid BNC nanoshells (BNCNSs). The studied nanoshells can be formed by stacking two zigzag graphene nanoribbons (zGNRs), two zigzag Boron Nitride nanoribbons (zBNNRs) or one zigzag graphene nanoribbon on a Boron Nitride nanoribbon. In all cases only one of the edges of the ribbon is passivated, while the other one is left unpassivated...
September 15, 2017: Nanotechnology
S Sahmani, M M Aghdam, M Bahrami
Understanding the size-dependent behavior of structures at nanoscale is essential in order to have an effective design of nanosystems. In the current investigation, the surface elasticity theory is extended to study the nonlinear buckling and postbuckling response of axially loaded silicon cylindrical naoshells. Thereby, an efficient size-dependent shear deformable shell model is developed including the size effect of surface free energy. A boundary layer theory of shell buckling in conjunction with a perturbation-based solution methodology is employed to predict the size dependency in the buckling loads and postbuckling behavior of silicon nanoshells having various thicknesses...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Lei Chen, Fan Zhang, Xin-Yu Deng, Xiangxin Xue, Li Wang, Yantao Sun, Jing-Dong Feng, Yongjun Zhang, Yaxin Wang, Young Mee Jung
A plasmon induced carrier movement enhanced mechanism of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) was investigated using a charge-transfer (CT) enhancement mechanism. Here, we designed a strategy to study SERS in Au@Cu2O nanoshell nanoparticles with different shell thicknesses. Among the plasmonically coupled nanostructures, Au spheres with Cu2O shells have been of special interest due to their ultrastrong electromagnetic fields and controllable carrier transfer properties, which are useful for SERS. Au@Cu2O nanoshell nanoparticles (NPs) with shell thicknesses of 48-56nm are synthesized that exhibit high SERS activity...
September 1, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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