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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107743/high-sensitivity-four-layer-polymer-fiber-optic-evanescent-wave-sensor
#1
Xin Xin, Nianbing Zhong, Qiang Liao, Yanyan Cen, Ruohua Wu, Zhengkun Wang
We present a novel four-layer structure consisting of bottom, second, third, and surface layers in the sensing region, for a D-shaped step-index fiber-optic evanescent wave (FOEW) sensor. To reduce the background noise, the surface of the longitudinal section in the D-shaped region is coated with a light-absorbing film. We check the morphologies of the second and surface layers, examine the refractive indices (RIs) of the third and surface layers, and analyze the composition of the surface layer. We also investigate the effects of the thicknesses and RIs of the third and surface layers and the LA film on the light transmission and sensitivity of the FOEW sensors...
January 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107660/guided-growth-of-auditory-neurons-bioactive-particles-towards-gapless-neural-electrode-interface
#2
Hao Li, Fredrik Edin, Hisamitsu Hayashi, Olafur Gudjonsson, Niklas Danckwardt-Lillieström, Håkan Engqvist, Helge Rask-Andersen, Wei Xia
Cochlear implant (CI) is a successful device to restore hearing. Despite continuous development, frequency discrimination is poor in CI users due to an anatomical gap between the auditory neurons and CI electrode causing current spread and unspecific neural stimulation. One strategy to close this anatomical gap is guiding the growth of neuron dendrites closer to CI electrodes through targeted slow release of neurotrophins. Biodegradable calcium phosphate hollow nanospheres (CPHSs) were produced and their capacity for uptake and release of neurotrophins investigated using (125)I-conjugated glia cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)...
December 23, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107619/peptide-based-stealth-nanoparticles-for-targeted-and-ph-triggered-delivery
#3
Alessandro Ranalli, Melissa Santi, Luigi Capriotti, Valerio Voliani, David Porciani, Fabio Beltram, Giovanni Signore
Stealth agents are extensively investigated as means to prolong nanostructures residence time in the bloodstream by avoiding uptake by the reticuloendothelial system. Unfortunately, commonly used agents such as poly(ethylene glycol) can adversely impact on targeting efficiency and promote immune reaction by the host organism. Therefore, there is an increasing interest in developing biocompatible, non-PEGylated organic nanostructures able to perform targeted delivery, to increase the efficacy of liposomal technology...
January 20, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107616/superhydrophilic-antireflective-periodic-mesoporous-organosilica-coating-on-flexible-polyimide-substrate-with-strong-abrasion-resistance
#4
Jing Wang, Cong Zhang, Chunming Yang, Ce Zhang, Mengchao Wang, Jing Zhang, Yao Xu
Superhydrophilic antireflective periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) coating was prepared on flexible polyimide substrate via solvent-evaporation-induced self-assembly (SEISA) method, in which tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and a special bridged silsesquioxane were used as reactants. The bridged silsesquioxane, EG-BSQ, was synthesized through the stoichiometric reaction between 3-glycidoxyporpyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and ethylene diamine (EDA) at 60 (○)C with no catalyst. Under the influence of surfactant, TEOS and EG-BSQ co-condensed and enclosed the ordered mesporous in the coating...
January 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107466/thermal-conductivity-performance-of-polypropylene-composites-filled-with-polydopamine-functionalized-hexagonal-boron-nitride
#5
Lin Chen, Hong-Fei Xu, Shao-Jian He, Yi-Hang Du, Nan-Jie Yu, Xiao-Ze Du, Jun Lin, Sergei Nazarenko
Mussel-inspired approach was attempted to non-covalently functionalize the surfaces of boron nitride (BN) with self-polymerized dopamine coatings in order to reduce the interfacial thermal barrier and enhance the thermal conductivity of BN-containing composites. Compared to the polypropylene (PP) composites filled with pristine BN at the same filler content, thermal conductivity was much higher for those filled with both functionalized BN (f-BN) and maleic anhydride grafted PP (PP-g-ma) due to the improved filler dispersion and better interfacial filler-matrix compatibility, which facilitated the development of more thermal paths...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107057/living-on-the-edge-parasite-prevalence-changes-dramatically-across-a-range-edge-in-an-invasive-gecko
#6
Andrew Coates, Louise K Barnett, Conrad Hoskin, Ben L Phillips
Species interactions can determine range limits, and parasitism is the most intimate of such interactions. Intriguingly, the very conditions on range edges likely change host-parasite dynamics in nontrivial ways. Range edges are often associated with clines in host density and with environmental transitions, both of which may affect parasite transmission. On advancing range edges, founder events and fitness/dispersal costs of parasitism may also cause parasites to be lost on range edges. Here we examine the prevalence of three species of parasite across the range edge of an invasive gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus, in northeastern Australia...
February 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106795/bio-based-aromatic-epoxy-monomers-for-thermoset-materials
#7
REVIEW
Feifei Ng, Guillaume Couture, Coralie Philippe, Bernard Boutevin, Sylvain Caillol
The synthesis of polymers from renewable resources is a burning issue that is actively investigated. Polyepoxide networks constitute a major class of thermosetting polymers and are extensively used as coatings, electronic materials, adhesives. Owing to their outstanding mechanical and electrical properties, chemical resistance, adhesion, and minimal shrinkage after curing, they are used in structural applications as well. Most of these thermosets are industrially manufactured from bisphenol A (BPA), a substance that was initially synthesized as a chemical estrogen...
January 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106540/detection-of-human-breast-cancer-cells-using-a-2-deoxy-d-glucose-functionalized-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#8
Xiu-Hong Shan, Peng Wang, Fei Xiong, Hao-Yue Lu, Hui Hu
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is one of the most common type of female cancer worldwide and represents 14% of cancer-related deaths in women. Early detection is the most important factor for treatment and prognosis of breast cancer. In most countries, the women are currently screened with mammography only. Even though there has been considerable progress in the detection, surgical therapy, hormonal and target therapy of breast cancer, there are about ∼ 3500 000 women who die from breast cancer each year...
January 13, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106394/green-to-red-electrochromic-fe-ii-metallo-supramolecular-polyelectrolytes-self-assembled-from-fluorescent-2-6-bis-2-pyridyl-pyrimidine-bithiophene
#9
Sandesh Pai, Michael Moos, Maximilian H Schreck, Christoph Lambert, Dirk G Kurth
The structure and properties of metallo-supramolecular polyelectrolytes (MEPEs) self-assembled from rigid 2,6-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrimidine and the metal ions Fe(II) and Co(II) are presented. While FeL1-MEPE (L1 = 1,4-bis[2,6-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]benzene) is deep blue, FeL2- and CoL2-MEPE (L2 = 5,5'-bis[2,6-bis(2-pyridyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]-2,2'-bithiophene) are intense green and red in color, respectively. These novel MEPEs display a high extinction coefficient and solvatochromism. Ligand L2 shows a high absolute fluorescence quantum yield (Φf = 82%)...
January 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106393/correction-to-combining-electrospun-fiber-mats-and-bioactive-coatings-for-vascular-graft-prostheses
#10
Houman Savoji, Marion Maire, Pauline Lequoy, Benoît Liberelle, Gregory De Crescenzo, Abdellah Ajji, Michael R Wertheimer, Sophie Lerouge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106373/preparation-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-zno-hybrid-cathode-interlayer-using-in-situ-thermal-reduction-annealing-for-interconnecting-nanostructure-and-its-effect-on-organic-solar-cell
#11
Ding Zheng, Wei Huang, Pu Fan, Yifan Zheng, Jiang Huang, Junsheng Yu
A novel hybrid cathode interlayer (CIL) consisting of reduced graphene oxide and zinc oxide (ZnO) is realized in the inverted organic solar cells (OSCs). Dual-nozzle spray coating system and facile one step in-situ thermal reduction/annealing (ITR/ITA) method are introduced to precisely control the components of the CIL, assemble ZnO with graphene oxide, and reduce graphene oxide into in-situ thermal reduced graphene oxide (IT-RGO), simultaneously. The ZnO:IT-RGO hybrid CIL shows high electric conductivity, interconnecting nanostructure and matched energy level, which leads to a significant enhancement in the power conversion efficiency from 6...
January 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106369/sponge-like-porous-silica-nanosheets-from-soft-molecular-trapping-to-dna-delivery
#12
Qingmin Ji, Tomohiko Yamazaki, Jiao Sun, Żaneta Górecka, Nien-Chi Huang, Shan-Hui Hsu, Lok Kumar Shrestha, Jonathan P Hill, Katsuhiko Ariga
Sponge-like porous silica nanosheets having nanometer thicknesses and possess pores whose diameters are on the hundreds-of-nanometers scale have been used as a novel carrier for molecular immobilization of different guests. Enhanced properties of encapsulation were shown for drug molecules of different dimensions due to "softness" caused by the specific nanometric features of the porous structure. The encapsulating effect of the structure results in sustained and stimuli-responsive release behavior of immobilized guest molecules...
January 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106248/bacterial-impregnation-of-mineral-fertilizers-improves-yield-and-nutrient-use-efficiency-of-wheat
#13
Shakeel Ahmad, Muhammad Imran, Sabir Hussain, Sajid Mahmood, Azhar Hussain, Muhammad Hasnain
BACKGROUND: The fertilizer use efficiency (FUE) of agricultural crops is generally low which results in poor crop yields and low economic benefits to the farmers. Among the various approaches used to enhance FUE, impregnation of mineral fertilizers with plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) is attracting a worldwide attention. The present study was aimed to improve growth, yield and nutrient use efficiency of wheat by bacterially impregnated mineral fertilizers. RESULTS: Results of the pot study revealed that impregnation of diammonium phosphate (DAP) and urea with PGPB was helpful in enhancing the growth, yield, photosynthetic rate, nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) of wheat...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106229/the-rm-pressfit-vitamys-5-year-swiss-experience-of-the-first-100-cups
#14
Michael Wyatt, Jan Weidner, Dominik Pfluger, Martin Beck
BACKGROUND: The RM Pressfit vitamys is a titanium particle-coated monoblock cup with vitamin E stabilised highly cross-linked polyethylene. Initial fixation is achieved via press-fit with subsequent stability by bone on-growth. This is the first study to report the 5-year results of this design. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study according to STROBE guidelines of 100 consecutive total hip replacements (THRs) in 92 patients all with ceramic heads. Demographic data, pre/postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain and satisfaction, Harris Hip Scores (HHS) and complications were recorded...
January 20, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106212/imparting-surface-hydrophobicity-to-metal-organic-frameworks-using-a-facile-solution-immersion-process-to-enhance-water-stability-for-co2-capture
#15
Xukun Qian, Fuxing Sun, Jing Sun, Hongyu Wu, Fei Xiao, Xinxin Wu, Guangshan Zhu
The water sensitivity of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) poses a critical issue for their large-scale applications. One effective method to solve this is to provide MOFs with a hydrophobic surface. Herein, we develop a facile solution-immersion process to deposit a hydrophobic coating on the MOFs' external surface without blocking their intrinsic pores. The water contact angle of the surface hydrophobic (SH) MOFs is ∼146°. The hydrophobic coating not only greatly enhances MOFs' water stability but also provides durable protection against the attack of water molecules...
January 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106198/ten-gram-scale-sic-sio2-nanowires-high-yield-synthesis-towards-industrialization-in-situ-growth-mechanism-and-their-peculiar-photoluminescence-and-electromagnetic-wave-absorption-properties
#16
Z J Li, H Y Yu, G Y Song, J Zhao, H Zhang, M Zhang, A L Meng, Q D Li
SiC@SiO2 nanowires, as a functional nanocomposite, have attracted widespread attention due to their fascinating performance and broad application prospect. However, the low-cost, high yield preparation of large-scale SiC@SiO2 nanowires is still a bottleneck, which hinders their industrial application. Herein, a carbothermal reduction strategy has been developed to synthesize SiC@SiO2 nanowires, which breaks through the handicap of the traditional growth pattern that uses the aid of a substrate. Systematic characterization results illustrate that the yield of the as-obtained products greatly depends on the heating rate, and ten-gram scale SiC@SiO2 nanowires (∼27...
January 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106171/fabrication-of-paper-devices-via-laser-heating-wax-printing-for-high-tech-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assays-with-low-tech-pen-type-ph-meter-readout
#17
Shangwang Le, Hui Zhou, Jinfang Nie, Chaohong Cao, Jiani Yang, Hongcheng Pan, Jianping Li, Yun Zhang
In this work, a new method named laser-heating-wax-printing (LHWP) is described to fabricate paper devices for developing sensitive, affordable, user-friendly paper-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (P-ELISAs) that initially use common pen-type pH meters for portable, quantitative readout. The LHWP enables a rapid patterning of wax in paper via one step of heating the wax layer coated on the paper surface using a mini-type CO2 laser machine. Wax-patterned paper microzones created in this way are utilized to conduct the pen-type pH meter-based P-ELISAs with enzyme-loaded SiO2 microbeads for highly efficient signal amplification of each antibody-antigen binding event...
January 20, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106075/phosphatidylinositol-3-4-bisphosphate-regulates-neurite-initiation-and-dendrite-morphogenesis-via-actin-aggregation
#18
Shu-Xin Zhang, Li-Hui Duan, Shun-Ji He, Gui-Feng Zhuang, Xiang Yu
Neurite initiation is critical for neuronal morphogenesis and early neural circuit development. Recent studies showed that local actin aggregation underneath the cell membrane determined the site of neurite initiation. An immediately arising question is what signaling mechanism initiated actin aggregation. Here we demonstrate that local clustering of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PI(3,4)P2), a phospholipid with relatively few known signaling functions, is necessary and sufficient for aggregating actin and promoting neuritogenesis...
January 20, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105824/fabrication-method-for-laboratory-scale-high-performance-membrane-electrode-assemblies-for-fuel-cells
#19
Megan B Sassin, Yannick Garsany, Benjamin D Gould, Karen E Swider-Lyons
Custom catalyst-coated membranes (CCMs) and membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) are necessary for the evaluation of advanced electrocatalysts, gas diffusion media (GDM), ionomers, polymer electrolyte membranes (PEMs), and electrode structures designed for use in next-generation fuel cells, electrolyzers, or flow batteries. This Feature provides a reliable and reproducible fabrication protocol for laboratory scale (10 cm(2)) fuel cells based on ultrasonic spray deposition of a standard Pt/carbon electrocatalyst directly onto a perfluorosulfonic acid PEM...
January 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105794/polymer-templated-formation-of-polydopamine-coated-sno2-nanocrystals-anodes-for-cyclable-lithium-ion-batteries
#20
Beibei Jiang, Yanjie He, Bo Li, Shiqiang Zhao, Shun Wang, Yan-Bing He, Zhiqun Lin
Well-controlled nanostructures and a high fraction of Sn/Li2 O interface are critical to enhance the coulombic efficiency and cyclic performance of SnO2 -based electrodes for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Polydopamine (PDA)-coated SnO2 nanocrystals, composed of hundreds of PDA-coated "corn-like" SnO2 nanoparticles (diameter ca. 5 nm) decorated along a "cob", addressed the irreversibility issue of SnO2 -based electrodes. The PDA-coated SnO2 were crafted by capitalizing on rationally designed bottlebrush-like hydroxypropyl cellulose-graft-poly (acrylic acid) (HPC-g-PAA) as a template and was coated with PDA to construct a passivating solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer...
January 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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