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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793173/ag-nanoparticles-loading-of-polypyrrole-coated-superwetting-mesh-for-on-demand-separation-of-oil-water-mixtures-and-catalytic-reduction-of-aromatic-dyes
#1
Sun Yihan, Liu Mingming, Zhiguang Guo
Herein, a catalytic mesh with unique wettability, high oil-water separation efficiency and excellent catalytic performance towards aromatic dyes was fabricated. Polypyrrole (PPy) was firstly pre-coated on pristine stainless-steel mesh (SSM) surface via cyclic voltammetry approach. Subsequently, a simple electrodeposition process was performed to prepare and anchor Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) onto the PPy-coated SSM surface. The PPy-coated mesh with anchored AgNPs was denoted as PPy/AgNPs-coated SSM. The obtained PPy/AgNPs-coated SSM exhibited dual superlyophobic properties and were able to achieve on-demand separation to deal with various of light oil (ρoil  < ρwater ) and heavy oil (ρoil  > ρwater )-water mixtures...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792960/hybrid-chitosan-tio-2-zns-prepared-under-mild-conditions-with-visible-light-driven-photocatalytic-activity
#2
A Jbeli, A M Ferraria, A M Botelho do Rego, S Boufi, S Bouattour
Thin films of chitosan (CS) coated on glass substrates were used as support for the immobilization of nanostructures TiO2 /ZnS via a mild chemical process followed by a hydrothermal treatment at 90 °C. The preparation route involved the coating of the CS film on the glass substrate followed by the deposition of a thin layer of Ti(OBu)4 precursor and immersion in a solution of Zn(O2 CCH3 )2 and Na2 S. After a hydrothermal treatment at 90 °C, an even layer of TiO2 anatase decorated by ZnS nanorods was generated...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792866/cardiac-extracellular-matrix-hydrogel-together-with-or-without-inducer-cocktail-improves-human-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells-differentiation-into-cardiomyocyte-like-cells
#3
Masoumeh Baghalishahi, Seyed Hasan Efthekhar-Vaghefi, Abbas Piryaei, S N Nematolahi-Mahani, Hamid Reza Mollaei, Yousef Sadeghi
Studies have demonstrated that differentiation of stem cells into cardiomyocytes is a complex phenomenon that requires sufficient inducing factors at various time points. Cardiac extracellular matrix (cECM) could provide tissue specific microenvironment and act as an inductive template for efficient cell differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cECM on differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hADSCs) into cardiomyocytes using cECM hydrogel in combination with a cardiac inductive cocktail...
May 21, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792795/tuning-the-morphology-of-nanostructured-peptide-films-by-introduction-of-a-secondary-structure-conformational-constraint-a-case-study-of-hierarchical-self-assembly
#4
Marta De Zotti, Beatrice Muzzi, Emanuela Gatto, Benedetta Di Napoli, Claudia Mazzuca, Antonio Palleschi, Ernesto Placidi, Fernando Formaggio, Claudio Toniolo, Mariano Venanzi
Peptide self-assembly is ubiquitous in nature. It governs the organization of proteins, controlling their folding kinetics and preserving their structure stability and bioactivity. In this connection, model oligopeptides may give important insights on the molecular mechanisms and elementary forces driving the formation of supramolecular structures. In this contribution we show that a single residue substitution, i.e. Aib (α-aminoisobutyric acid) in place of Ala at position 4 of an -(L-Ala)5- homo-oligomer, strongly alters the aggregation process...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792718/fixation-of-biomaterial-to-metallic-stent-and-fixation-of-stents-after-circular-endoscopic-dissection-in-the-esophagus-on-an-animal-model
#5
R Dolezel, B Walterová, S Juhas, O Ryska, J Juhásová, Z Vacková, J Krajciova, J Král, J Martínek
INTRODUCTION: Complete circular endoscopic (submucosal) resection (CER) performed using the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) technique is burdened with a high incidence of post-operative strictures in the esophagus. The most effective method of preventing them is not known so far; one of the possible methods is to prevent these strictures directly at the site of their formation by covering the defect with a stent. The aim of the study was to find a way to fix a selected biomaterial to a stent, and subsequently, to fix the stent at the CER site to prevent esophageal strictures in an animal model...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792709/glycofunctionalization-of-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-polymers-building-blocks-for-the-generation-of-defined-sugar-coated-nanoparticles
#6
Alessandro Palmioli, Barbara La Ferla
A set of poly(lactic- co-glycolic acid) polymers functionalized with different monosaccharides as well as glycodendrimers and surface-decorated nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized and characterized. The functionalization of the polymer was carried out through amide bond formation with amino-modified sugar monomers and through a biocompatible chemoselective method exploiting the reducing end of a free sugar. The assemblage of the NPs adopting a nanoprecipitation method was straightforward and allowed the preparation of sugars/sugar dendrimer coated NPs...
May 24, 2018: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792451/the-science-of-teams-in-the-military-contributions-from-over-60-years-of-research
#7
Gerald F Goodwin, Nikki Blacksmith, Meredith R Coats
Teams are the foundational building blocks of the military, which uses a hierarchical structure built on and around teams to form larger units. Consequently, team effectiveness has been a substantial focus of research within the military for decades to ensure military teams have the human capabilities to complete their missions and address future challenges successfully. This research has contributed greatly to broader team theory and informed the development of evidence-based interventions. Team-focused research supported or executed by the military has yielded major insights into the nature of team performance, advanced the methods for measuring and improving team performance, and broken new ground in understanding the assembly of effective teams...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792207/metagenomic-analysis-of-viruses-associated-with-maize-lethal-necrosis-in-kenya
#8
Mwathi Jane Wamaitha, Deepti Nigam, Solomon Maina, Francesca Stomeo, Anne Wangai, Joyce Njoki Njuguna, Timothy A Holton, Bramwel W Wanjala, Mark Wamalwa, Tanui Lucas, Appolinaire Djikeng, Hernan Garcia-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Maize lethal necrosis is caused by a synergistic co-infection of Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and a specific member of the Potyviridae, such as Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) or Johnson grass mosaic virus (JGMV). Typical maize lethal necrosis symptoms include severe yellowing and leaf drying from the edges. In Kenya, we detected plants showing typical and atypical symptoms. Both groups of plants often tested negative for SCMV by ELISA...
May 23, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792034/soft-hydrogel-zwitterionic-coatings-minimize-fibroblast-and-macrophage-adhesion-on-polyimide-substrates
#9
Dusana Trelova, Alice Rita Salgarella, Leonardo Ricotti, Guido Giudetti, Annarita Cutrone, Petra Sramkova, Anna Zahoranova, Dusan Chorvat, Daniel Hasko, Claudio Canale, Silvestro Micera, Juraj Kronek, Arianna Menciassi, Igor Lacik
Minimizing the foreign body reaction to polyimide-based implanted devices has a pivotal role for several biomedical applications. In this work we propose materials exhibiting non-biofouling properties and a Young's modulus reflecting the one of soft human tissues. We describe the synthesis, characterization and in vitro validation of poly(carboxybetaine) hydrogel coatings covalently attached to polyimide substrates via a photolabile 4-azidophenyl group, incorporated in poly(carboxybetaine) chains at two concentrations of 1...
May 24, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791782/obesity-leads-to-impairments-in-the-morphology-and-organization-of-human-skeletal-muscle-lipid-droplets-and-mitochondrial-networks-which-are-resolved-with-gastric-bypass-surgery-induced-improvements-in-insulin-sensitivity
#10
Marianne D Kristensen, Signe M Petersen, Kjestine E Møller, Michael T Lund, Merethe Hansen, Christina N Hansen, Julie Courraud, Jørn W Helge, Flemming Dela, Clara Prats
AIMS: Skeletal muscle lipid stores and mitochondrial function have been appointed as key players in obesity-induced insulin resistance. However, there are conflicting reports in the literature based on in vitro quantitative measurements. Here we test the hypothesis that it is not the quantity but the quality that matters. METHODS: The present study combines quantitative and qualitative structural measurements of lipid stores and mitochondrial dynamics in skeletal muscle from lean subjects, and subjects with morbid obesity, with and without type 2 diabetes, before and after gastric bypass surgery...
May 23, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791371/ultrahigh-sensitivity-refractive-index-sensor-of-a-d-shaped-pcf-based-on-surface-plasmon-resonance
#11
JunJun Wu, Shuguang Li, Xinyu Wang, Min Shi, Xinxing Feng, Yundong Liu
We propose a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber (PCF) refractive index sensor with ultrahigh sensitivity and a wide detection range. The gold layer is deposited on the polished surface, avoiding filling or coating inside the air holes of the PCF. The influences of the gold layer thickness and the diameter of the larger air holes are investigated. The sensing characteristics of the proposed sensor are analyzed by the finite element method. The maximum sensitivity can reach 31,000  nm/RIU, and the refractive index detection range is from 1...
May 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791342/solution-of-dispersion-relations-of-multilayer-optical-fibers-a-comprehensive-study
#12
Hesham A Okda, Ishac Kandas, Moustafa H Aly, M El Osairy
The exact solution of the modal dispersion relation of multilayer optical fibers is very critical and complicated, especially in the case of complex refractive indices of some layers added to the fiber. In this paper, a different methodology is proposed to solve the complex dispersion relations for cladding modes, based on the well-defined proper expressions of electromagnetic fields in the different layers of optical fibers. An optical fiber, coated by a dielectric nonlinear layer, is analyzed using the exact four-layer model, and the results obtained are compared with those analyzed in the literature based on the approximate three-layer model, where the effect of the coating layer is neglected when solving the dispersion relation...
May 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791324/unimorph-mirror-for-adaptive-optics-in-space-telescopes
#13
David Alaluf, Renaud Bastaits, Kainan Wang, Mihaita Horodinca, Grégory Martic, Bilal Mokrani, André Preumont
This paper presents a unimorph deformable mirror intended to be used as secondary corrector in space telescopes. The deformable mirror consists of a single-crystal silicon wafer (76.2 mm diameter, 500 μm thickness) covered with an optical coating on the front side and an array of 25 independent piezoelectric transducer (PZT) actuators acting in d31 mode on the back side. The mirror is mounted on an isostatic support with three position linear actuators controlling the rigid-body motion. The first part of the paper presents the experimental results obtained with the manufactured prototype...
May 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791160/interaction-of-zwitterionic-and-ionic-monomers-with-graphene-surfaces
#14
Suguna Perumal, Atchudan Raji, In Woo Cheong
Measurement of the interaction force between two materials provides important information on various properties, such as adsorption, binding or compatibility for coatings, adhesion, and composites. The interaction forces of zwitterionic and ionic monomers with graphite platelets (G) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) surfaces were systematically investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM) in air and water. The monomers examined were 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate (MPC), [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide (SBE), [2-(acryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride (ATC), and 2-methyl-2-propene-1-sulfonic acid sodium (MSS)...
May 23, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790964/evidence-of-evolutionary-history-and-selective-sweeps-in-the-genome-of-meishan-pig-reveals-its-genetic-and-phenotypic-characterization
#15
Pengju Zhao, Ying Yu, Wen Feng, Heng Du, Jian Yu, Huimin Kang, Xianrui Zheng, Zhiquan Wang, George E Liu, Catherine W Ernst, Xueqin Ran, Jiafu Wang, Jian-Feng Liu
Background: Meishan is a pig breed indigenous to China and famous for its high fecundity. The traits of Meishan are strongly associated with its distinct evolutionary history and domestication. However, the genomic evidence linking the domestication of Meishan pigs with the unique features are still poorly understood. The goal of this study is to investigate the genomic signatures and evolutionary evidence related to phenotypic traits of Meishan by large-scale sequencing. Results: We found the unique domestication of Meishan pigs happened at the Taihu Basin area between the Majiabang and the Liangzhu culture, during which 300 protein-coding genes have undergone positive selection...
May 22, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790853/wide-band-quot-black-silicon-quot-with-atomic-layer-deposited-nbn
#16
Kirill Isakov, Alexander Pyymaki Perros, Ali Shah, Harri Lipsanen
Antireflection surfaces are often utilized in optical components to reduce undesired reflection and increase absorption. We report on black silicon (b-Si) with dramatically enhanced absorption over a broad wavelength range (250-2500 nm) achieved by applying a 10-15 nm conformal coating of NbN with atomic layer deposition (ALD). The improvement is especially pronounced in the near infrared (NIR) range of 1100-2500 nm where absorption is increased by &gt;90%. A significant increase of absorption is also observed over the ultraviolet (UV) range of 200-400 nm...
May 23, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790739/universal-coatings-based-on-zwitterionic-dopamine-copolymer-microgels
#17
Mohammad Vatankhah-Varnoosfaderani, Xiaobo Hu, Qiaoxi Li, Hossein Adelnia, Maria Ina, Sergei S Sheiko
Multifunctional coatings that adhere to chemically-distinct substrates are vital in many industries, including automotive, aerospace, shipbuilding, construction, petrochemical, biomedical and pharmaceutical. We design well-defined, nearly monodisperse microgels that integrate hydrophobic dopamine methacrylamide (Dopamine-MA) monomers and hydrophilic zwitterionic monomers. The dopamine functionalities operate as both intra-particle crosslinkers and interfacial binders, respectively providing mechanical strength of the coatings and their strong adhesion to different substrates...
May 23, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790719/less-is-more-as-less-as-reasonably-achievable-stenting-alaras-strategy-in-the-femoropopliteal-area
#18
Koen Deloose, Joren Callaert
BACKGROUND: Although evidence supports that the performance of drug coated balloons seems to be lesion complexity independent, it is quite clear that in long lesions, severe calcified lesions and chronic total occlusions, the bail out stent ratio is very high and that the "leaving nothing behind" strategy remains a dream in a lot of our daily cases. On the other side of the spectrum, "full metal jackets" of nitinol stents are creating even more problems. Stent fractures, intimal hyperplasia and reintervention difficulties complicate the recurrent vascular disease treatment...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790654/copper-nanoclusters-as-fluorescence-quenching-probes-for-the-quantitative-analysis-of-total-iodine
#19
Xueling Cao, Xin Li, Faxian Liu, Yanan Luo, Liying Yu
Tannic acid-coated copper nanoclusters (CuNCs@TA) were synthesized and used quantitatively to analyze iodine in kelp. Compared with other methods for iodine detection, the proposed method showed excellent performance. The iodine-induced linear decrease in the fluorescence intensity of CuNCs@TA allowed the quantitative detection of iodine in the range 20-100 μM, and the limit of detection for iodine was 18 nM. The probe can be used for the determination of iodine in real samples with reliable and accurate results...
May 23, 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790560/twin-mediated-epitaxial-growth-of-highly-lattice-mismatched-cu-ag-core-shell-nanowires
#20
Wei-Lun Weng, Chin-Yu Hsu, Jheng-Syun Lee, Hsin-Hsin Fan, Chien-Neng Liao
Lattice-mismatch is an important factor for the heteroepitaxial growth of core-shell nanostructures. A large lattice-mismatch usually leads to a non-coherent interface or a polycrystalline shell layer. In this study, a conformal Ag layer is coated on Cu nanowires with dense nanoscale twin boundaries through a galvanic replacement reaction. Despite a large lattice mismatch between Ag and Cu (∼12.6%), the Ag shell replicates the twinning structure in Cu nanowires and grows epitaxially on the nanotwinned Cu nanowire...
May 23, 2018: Nanoscale
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