keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

coated

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351643/genetic-dissection-of-the-fuzzless-seed-trait-in-gossypium-barbadense
#1
Qian-Hao Zhu, Yuman Yuan, Warwick Stiller, Yinhua Jia, Pengpeng Wang, Zhaoe Pan, Xiongming Du, Danny Llewellyn, Iain Wilson
Cotton fibres are single-celled trichomes arising from the epidermal cells of the seed coat and may be either long (lint) or very short (fuzz). The dominant fuzzless N1 of Gossypium hirsutum is a defective allele of the At-subgenome homoeolog of MYB25-like, but the genetic components underlying the recessive fuzzless trait from G. barbadense (Gb) are unknown. We have identified five genetic loci, including a major contributing locus containing MYB25-like_Dt, associated with Gb fuzzless seeds based on genotyping of fuzzy and fuzzless near isogenic lines (NILs) from an interspecies cross (G...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351436/therapeutic-attenuation-of-the-epithelial-sodium-channel-with-a-splunc1-derived-peptide-in-airway-diseases
#2
James F Collawn, Rafal Bartoszewski, Ahmad Lazrak, Sadis Matalon
The airway surface liquid (ASL) coats the lining of the airways and allows for efficient cilial movement and therefore effective mucociliary transport. Cell surface channels regulate the hydration status of the ASL and the two critical channels in the process are the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). In cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) there is loss of CFTR function or compromised CFTR function in chronic bronchitis, respectively...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351235/quadrilateral-micro-hole-array-machining-on-invar-thin-film-wet-etching-and-electrochemical-fusion-machining
#3
Woong-Kirl Choi, Seong-Hyun Kim, Seung-Geon Choi, Eun-Sang Lee
Ultra-precision products which contain a micro-hole array have recently shown remarkable demand growth in many fields, especially in the semiconductor and display industries. Photoresist etching and electrochemical machining are widely known as precision methods for machining micro-holes with no residual stress and lower surface roughness on the fabricated products. The Invar shadow masks used for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) contain numerous micro-holes and are currently machined by a photoresist etching method...
January 19, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350909/dual-drug-delivery-system-based-on-biodegradable-organosilica-core-shell-architectures
#4
Jiang-Lan Li, Ying-Jia Cheng, Chi Zhang, Han Cheng, Jun Feng, Ren-Xi Zhuo, Xuan Zeng, Xian-Zheng Zhang
To overcome drug resistance, efficient cancer therapeutic strategies using combination of small-molecule drugs and macromolecule drugs are highly desired. However, due to their significant differences in molecular weight and size, it is difficult to load them simultaneously in one vector and to release them individually. Here, a biodegradable organosilica based core/shell-structured nanocapsule was designed and used as a dual stimuli-responsive drug vector to solve this problem. Biodegradable organosilica shell coated outside the macromolecule model drug "core" would be disrupted by high glutathione (GSH) levels inside tumor cells, resulting in the escape of the entrapped drugs...
January 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350903/self-assembly-of-protein-crystals-with-different-crystal-structures-using-tobacco-mosaic-virus-coat-protein-as-a-building-block
#5
Jianting Zhang, Xiao Wang, Kun Zhou, Gang Chen, Qiangbin Wang
In this work, a typical cylinder-shaped tobacco mosaic virus coat protein (TMVCP) is employed as an anisotropic building block to assemble into triclinic and hexagonal close-packed (HCP) protein crystals by introducing cysteine residues at the 1 and 3 sites and four histidine residues at the C-terminal, respectively. The engineered functional groups of cysteine and histidine in the TMVCP and the self-assembly conditions determine the thermodynamics and kinetics in the self-assembly process for forming different crystal structures...
January 19, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350727/-one-pot-sequential-enzymatic-modification-of-synthetic-glycolipids-in-vesicle-membranes
#6
Faye L Craven, Joana Silva, Maria D Segarra-Maset, Kun Huang, Peter Both, Julie E Gough, Sabine L Flitsch, Simon J Webb
β(1,4)-Galactosyltransferase (β4Gal-T1) and T. cruzi trans-sialidase (TcTS) have been used in a 'one-pot' cascade to provide vesicles (liposomes) with a trisaccharide coating. These soluble enzymes catalysed the transfer of galactose then sialic acid onto a synthetic N-acetylglucolipid embedded in the bilayers. Clustering of this substrate into microdomains increased the rate of sialylated lipid production, showing that an increase in β4Gal-T1 activity is carried through the enzymatic cascade. These coatings modulated cell recognition...
January 19, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350527/shuttle-suppression-by-polymer-sealed-graphene-coated-polypropylene-separator
#7
Xuewu Ou, Yanzi Yu, Ruizhe Wu, Abhishek Tyagi, Minghao Zhuang, Yao Ding, Irfan Haider Abidi, Heng-An Wu, Feng-Chao Wang, Zhengtang Luo
"Shuttle effect" of lithium polysulfides (LiPS) leads to poor performance and short cycle life of Li-S battery, thus limiting their practical application. We demonstrate here that after coating polypropylene (PP) separator with a continuous monolayer graphene, the "shuttle effect" can be significantly suppressed by limiting the passage of long chain LiPS. The graphene/PP separator can be further modified by sealing the big holes or pores on graphene with in situ polymerized nylon-66, via an interfacial polymerization reaction between diamine and adipoyl chloride supplied by the aqueous and oil phase, respectively from each side of the membrane...
January 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350478/enzymatic-scarification-of-anacamptis-morio-orchidaceae-seed-facilitates-lignin-degradation-water-uptake-and-germination
#8
Simon Pierce, Alberto Spada, Elisabetta Caporali, Roberta M Ceriani, Gabriella Buffa
The seed coat of many species contains hydrophobic lignins, and in soil the action of microbial ligninases may contribute to release from dormancy. Laboratory use of ligninases to stimulate germination is promising because of the specific action on the seed coat, whereas chemical scarification agents may also corrode the embryo. We hypothesized that exposure of Anacamptis morio (Orchidaceae) seeds to fungal laccase stimulates germination, and that the mechanism involves lignin degradation and increased imbibition...
January 19, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350441/ultrasensitive-detection-of-shiga-toxin-2-and-its-variants-in-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-strains-by-a-time-resolved-fluorescence-immunoassay
#9
Tian Wen, Chao Huang, Yi Zhang, Xiaoyan Zeng, Wendong Liu, Zhenbang Jiao, Xiling Guo, Yongjun Jiao
A rapid and sensitive two-step time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay (TRFIA) was developed for the detection of Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2) and its variants in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains. In sandwich mode, a monoclonal antibody against Stx2 was coated on a microtiter plate as a capture antibody. A tracer antibody against Stx2 labeled with europium(III) (Eu3+ ) chelate was then used as a detector, followed by fluorescence measurements using time-resolved fluorescence. The sensitivity of Stx2 detection was 0...
January 19, 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350117/-treating-poisoning-how-do-you-choose-the-best-type-of-gastrointestinal-decontamination
#10
M V Verschueren, F G A Jansman, D J Touw, C Kramers
- A new guideline: 'Intoxication: initial approach in the hospital' will be published this year. This guideline sets out the latest insights on gastrointestinal decontamination in intoxication; the advice is summarized in a flowchart.- The advice is to generally administer activated charcoal, unless there are indications that the toxin will not bind to activated charcoal or that the amount of toxin that the patient has ingested is too great; in these cases gastric lavage can be considered.- Activated charcoal can be administered up to 2 hours after the ingestion of a toxic substance, unless there are contra-indications...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349814/vo2-tin-plasmonic-thermochromic-smart-coatings-for-room-temperature-applications
#11
Qi Hao, Wan Li, Huiyan Xu, Jiawei Wang, Yin Yin, Huaiyu Wang, Libo Ma, Fei Ma, Xuchuan Jiang, Oliver G Schmidt, Paul K Chu
Vanadium dioxide/titanium nitride (VO2 /TiN) smart coatings are prepared by hybridizing thermochromic VO2 with plasmonic TiN nanoparticles. The VO2 /TiN coatings can control infrared (IR) radiation dynamically in accordance with the ambient temperature and illumination intensity. It blocks IR light under strong illumination at 28 °C but is IR transparent under weak irradiation conditions or at a low temperature of 20 °C. The VO2 /TiN coatings exhibit a good integral visible transmittance of up to 51% and excellent IR switching efficiency of 48% at 2000 nm...
January 19, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349785/a-novel-mlph-variant-in-dogs-with-coat-colour-dilution
#12
A Bauer, A Kehl, V Jagannathan, T Leeb
Coat colour dilution may be the result of altered melanosome transport in melanocytes. Loss-of-function variants in the melanophilin gene (MLPH) cause a recessively inherited form of coat colour dilution in many mammalian and avian species including the dog. MLPH corresponds to the D locus in many domestic animals, and recessive alleles at this locus are frequently denoted with d. In this study, we investigated dilute coloured Chow Chows whose coat colour could not be explained by their genotype at the previously known MLPH:c...
January 19, 2018: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349783/development-of-cotton-fabrics-with-durable-uv-protective-and-self-cleaning-property-by-deposition-of-low-tio2-levels-through-sol-gel-process
#13
Anu Mishra, Bhupendra Singh Butola
In this article, the deposition of TiO2 on cotton fabric using sol-gel techniques has been described. Various process routes (pad-dry-cure, pad-dry-hydrothermal and pad-dry-solvothermal) were examined to impart a stable coating of TiO2 on fabric. The role of pre-cursor concentration, process temperature and time of treatment were studied to aim at a wash durable, UV protective and self-cleaning property in the treated fabric. EDX and ICP-MS techniques were used to examine the add-on % of TiO2 on cotton fabrics treated via different routes...
January 19, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349585/molecularly-imprinted-core-shell-cdse-sio2-cds-as-a-ratiometric-fluorescent-probe-for-4-nitrophenol-sensing
#14
Mingyue Liu, Zhao Gao, Yanjun Yu, Rongxin Su, Renliang Huang, Wei Qi, Zhimin He
4-Nitrophenol (4-NP) is a priority pollutant in water and is both carcinogenic and genotoxic to humans and wildlife even at very low concentrations. Thus, we herein fabricated a novel molecularly imprinted core-shell nanohybrid as a ratiometric fluorescent sensor for the highly sensitive and selective detection of 4-NP. This sensor was functioned by the transfer of fluorescence resonance energy between photoluminescent carbon dots (CDs) and 4-NP. This sensor was synthesized by linking organosilane-functionalized CDs to silica-coated CdSe quantum dots (CdSe@SiO2) via Si-O bonds...
January 18, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349539/effect-of-the-application-of-a-bundle-of-three-measures-intraperitoneal-lavage-with-antibiotic-solution-fascial-closure-with-triclosan-coated-sutures-and-mupirocin-ointment-application-on-the-skin-staples-on-the-surgical-site-infection-after-elective-laparoscopic
#15
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Carolina Llavero, Vicente Morales, Carlos Gamallo
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) prevention bundles include the simultaneous use of different measures, which individually have demonstrated an effect on prevention of SSI. The implementation of bundles can yield superior results to the implementation of individual measures. The aim of this study was to address the effect of the application of a bundle including intraperitoneal lavage with antibiotic solution, fascial closure with Triclosan-coated sutures and Mupirocin ointment application on the skin staples, on the surgical site infection after elective laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery...
January 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349482/-esophageal-diverticula-excluding-cricopharyngeal-diverticula
#16
C A Gutschow, H Schmidt
Diverticula of the middle and lower third of the esophagus are commonly associated with esophageal motility disorders. The increase of intraluminal pressure leads to an outpouching of the mucosal and submucosal layers through the esophageal muscle coat. These pouches are also called false diverticula, because they only consist of the mucosal and submucosal esophageal layers. In contrast, the more rarely encountered true diverticula that retain the complete esophageal wall are generally associated with periesophageal granulomatous lymph node disease...
January 18, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349454/adsorption-and-binding-dynamics-of-graphene-supported-phospholipid-membranes-using-the-qcm-d-technique
#17
D Meléndrez, T Jowitt, M Iliut, A F Verre, S Goodwin, A Vijayaraghavan
We report on the adsorption dynamics of phospholipid membranes on graphene-coated substrates using the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) technique. We compare the lipid vesicle interaction and membrane formation on gold and silicon dioxide QCM crystal surfaces with their graphene oxide (GO) and reduced (r)GO coated counterparts, and report on the different lipid structures obtained. We establish graphene derivative coatings as support surfaces with tuneable hydrophobicity for the formation of controllable lipid structures...
January 19, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348533/structured-thermal-surface-for-radiative-camouflage
#18
Ying Li, Xue Bai, Tianzhi Yang, Hailu Luo, Cheng-Wei Qiu
Thermal camouflage has been successful in the conductive regime, where thermal metamaterials embedded in a conductive system can manipulate heat conduction inside the bulk. Most reported approaches are background-dependent and not applicable to radiative heat emitted from the surface of the system. A coating with engineered emissivity is one option for radiative camouflage, but only when the background has uniform temperature. Here, we propose a strategy for radiative camouflage of external objects on a given background using a structured thermal surface...
January 18, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348513/publisher-correction-functionalized-non-vascular-nitinol-stent-via-electropolymerized-polydopamine-thin-film-coating-loaded-with-bortezomib-adjunct-to-hyperthermia-therapy
#19
Ludwig Erik Aguilar, Batgerel Tumurbaatar, Amin Ghavaminejad, Chan Hee Park, Cheol Sang Kim
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348509/triggering-molecular-assembly-at-the-mesoscale-for-advanced-raman-detection-of-proteins-in-liquid
#20
Martina Banchelli, Marella de Angelis, Cristiano D'Andrea, Roberto Pini, Paolo Matteini
An advanced optofluidic system for protein detection based on Raman signal amplification via dewetting and molecular gathering within temporary mesoscale assemblies is presented. The evaporation of a microliter volume of protein solution deposited in a circular microwell precisely follows an outward-receding geometry. Herein the combination of liquid withdrawal with intermolecular interactions induces the formation of self-assembled molecular domains at the solid-liquid interface. Through proper control of the evaporation rate, amplitude of the assemblies and time for spectral collection at the liquid edge are extensively raised, resulting in a local enhancement and refinement of the Raman response, respectively...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
113597
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"