keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Core urology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807644/predictors-of-infectious-complications-after-targeted-prophylaxis-for-prostate-needle-biopsy
#1
Dimitri Papagiannopoulos, Michael Abern, Nathaniel Wilson, Nicholas O'Block, Lester Raff, Christopher Coogan, Kalyan C Latchamsetty
PURPOSE: The incidence of infectious complications after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy is rising. We sought to identify the incidence and predictors of infection in a large cohort of men undergoing biopsy who receive targeted prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 5,214 consecutive patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy within Uropartners, a large urology group comprised of 28 clinics within Metropolitan Chicago from January 2013 to December 2014...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796919/evaluation-of-a-needle-disinfectant-technique-to-reduce-infection-related-hospitalization-following-transrectal-prostate-biopsy
#2
Gregory B Auffenberg, Ji Qi, Yuqing Gao, David C Miller, Zaojun Ye, Andrew Brachulis, Susan Linsell, Tejal N Gandhi, David Kraklau, James E Montie, Khurshid R Ghani
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a needle disinfectant technique during transrectal prostate biopsy is associated with lower rates of infection-related hospitalization. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all transrectal prostate biopsies performed across the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative (MUSIC) from January 2012 through March 2015. Natural variation in technique allowed us to evaluate for differences in infection-related hospitalizations based on whether or not a needle disinfectant technique was utilized...
August 10, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751165/predictors-of-a-successful-urology-resident-using-medical-student-application-materials
#3
R Houston Thompson, Christine M Lohse, Douglas A Husmann, Bradley C Leibovich, Matthew T Gettman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate features from the medical student application record that predict for a high quality urology resident because there is currently sparse data on factors that are associated with a successful urology residency. METHODS: We reviewed the Mayo Clinic experience with 53 urology residents who matriculated between 2000 and 2011. Residents were independently scored 1-10 based on overall quality by the Program Director and Associate Program Director...
July 24, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741141/detonation-nanodiamonds-are-promising-nontoxic-delivery-system-for-urothelial-cells
#4
Daša Zupančič, Mateja Erdani Kreft, Maja Grdadolnik, Dimitar Mitev, Aleš Iglič, Peter Veranič
Detonation nanodiamonds (DNDs) are carbon-based nanomaterials that are among the most promising nanoparticles available for biomedical applications so far. This is due to their biocompatibility, which could be contributed to their inert core and conformable surface nature. However, DNDs cytotoxicity for urothelial cells and the routes of their internalization remains an open question in the aspect of nanodiamond surface. We therefore analyzed four types of DNDs for cytotoxicity and internalization with normal urothelial cells and two types of cancer urothelial cell lines in vitro...
July 24, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693386/development-methodology-of-the-novel-endoscopic-stone-treatment-step-1-est-s1-training-assessment-curriculum
#5
Domenico Veneziano, Kamran Ahmed, Ben S E P Van Cleynenbreugel, Ali Serdar Gözen, Joan Palou, Kemal Sarica, Evangelos N Liatsikos, Francesco Sanguedolce, Patrick Honeck, Mario Alvarez-Maestro, Athanasios Papatsoris, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Francesco Greco, Alberto Breda, Bhaskar Somani
Background Simulation based technical-skill assessment is a core topic of debate, especially in high-risk environments. After the introduction of the E-BLUS exam for basic laparoscopy, no more technical training/assessment urological protocols have been developed in Europe. Objective We describe the methodology used in the development of the novel Endoscopic Stone Treatment step 1 (EST s1) assessment curriculum. Materials and Methods The "full life cycle curriculum development" template was followed for curriculum development...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679370/assessment-of-free-hand-transperineal-targeted-prostate-biopsy-using-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-transrectal-ultrasound-fusion-in-chinese-men-with-prior-negative-biopsy-and-elevated-prostate-specific-antigen
#6
Huibo Lian, Junlong Zhuang, Wei Wang, Bing Zhang, Jiong Shi, Danyan Li, Yao Fu, Xuping Jiang, Weimin Zhou, Hongqian Guo
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of free-hand transperineal targeted prostate biopsy using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging-transrectal ultrasound (mpMRI-TRUS) fusion in Chinese men with repeated biopsy. METHODS: A total of 101 consecutive patients suspicious of prostate cancer (PCa) at the mpMRI scan and with prior negative biopsy and elevated PSA values were prospectively recruited at two urological centers. Suspicious areas on mpMRI were defined and graded using PI-RADS score...
July 5, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645325/performance-characteristics-of-prostate-specific-antigen-density-and-biopsy-core-details-to-predict-oncological-outcome-in-patients-with-intermediate-to-high-risk-prostate-cancer-underwent-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#7
Masahiro Yashi, Akinori Nukui, Yuumi Tokura, Kohei Takei, Issei Suzuki, Kazumasa Sakamoto, Hideo Yuki, Tsunehito Kambara, Hironori Betsunoh, Hideyuki Abe, Yoshitatsu Fukabori, Yoshimasa Nakazato, Yasushi Kaji, Takao Kamai
BACKGROUND: Many urologic surgeons refer to biopsy core details for decision making in cases of localized prostate cancer (PCa) to determine whether an extended resection and/or lymph node dissection should be performed. Furthermore, recent reports emphasize the predictive value of prostate-specific antigen density (PSAD) for further risk stratification, not only for low-risk PCa, but also for intermediate- and high-risk PCa. This study focused on these parameters and compared respective predictive impact on oncologic outcomes in Japanese PCa patients...
June 23, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631121/-prudent-use-of-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-prevention-of-increasing-antibiotic-resistance
#8
REVIEW
C Hein, A Pilatz, F M E Wagenlehner
BACKGROUND: The use of peri-operative antimicrobial prophylaxis during urological procedures to prevent postoperative complications is very common. OBJECTIVES: What kind of recommendations for reasonable use of peri-operative antimicrobial prophylaxis during urological procedures to prevent increasing antibiotic resistance and postoperative complications exist? METHODS: Review of evidence-based recommendations from literature and current Guidelines of the EAU...
June 19, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616110/pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-primer-for-urologists
#9
REVIEW
Michel Bureau, Kevin V Carlson
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) results from weakness or injury of the pelvic floor supports with resulting descent of one or more vaginal compartments (anterior, apical and/or posterior). Women typically become symptomatic from the bulging vaginal wall or related organ dysfunction once this descent reaches the introitus. POP is a common condition, affecting more than half of adult women. Many women presenting to an urologist for stress urinary incontinence or overactive bladder will have associated POP; therefore, it is important for urologists who treat these conditions to be familiar with its diagnosis and management...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557615/trends-in-diagnosis-of-gleason-score-2-through-4-prostate-cancer-in-the-national-cancer-database-1990-2013
#10
Ted Gansler, Stacey A Fedewa, Chun Chieh Lin, Mahul B Amin, Ahmedin Jemal, Elizabeth M Ward
CONTEXT: - The incidence of prostate cancer with Gleason scores 2 through 4 has been decreasing for decades, largely because of evolving criteria for Gleason scores, including the 2005 International Society of Urological Pathology recommendation that scores of 2 through 4 should rarely if ever be diagnosed based on needle biopsy. Whether trends in assigning Gleason scores 2 through 4 vary by facility type and patient characteristics is unknown. OBJECTIVE: - To assess trends in prostate cancer grading among various categories of treatment facilities...
May 30, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474236/the-impact-of-a-structured-clinical-training-course-on-interns-self-reported-confidence-with-core-clinical-urology-skills
#11
C Browne, S Norton, J M Nolan, C Whelan, J F Sullivan, M Quinlan, M Sheikh, T E D Mc Dermott, T H Lynch, R P Manecksha
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate training in core urology skills is lacking in many Irish training programmes. AIMS: Our aim was to assess newly qualified doctors' experience and confidence with core urological competencies. METHODS: A questionnaire survey covering exposure to urology and confidence with core clinical skills was circulated to all candidates. The group then attended a skills course covering male/female catheterisation, insertion of three-way catheters, bladder irrigation and management of long-term suprapubic catheters...
May 4, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465777/use-of-the-prostate-core-mitomic-test-in-repeated-biopsy-decision-making-real-world-assessment-of-clinical-utility-in-a-multicenter-patient-population
#12
Lorena Legisi, Elise DeSa, M Nasar Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in men in developed countries. Using molecular testing may help to improve outcomes in this clinically challenging group. Since 2011, the Prostate Core Mitomic Test (PCMT), which quantifies a 3.4-kb mitochondrial DNA deletion strongly associated with prostate cancer, has been used by more than 50 urology practices accessing pathology services through our laboratory in New Jersey. However, the use of a molecular test can only be beneficial if it affects patient management and improves outcomes...
December 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419532/electromyography-in-the-assessment-and-therapy-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-adults
#13
REVIEW
Jan Krhut, Roman Zachoval, Peter F W M Rosier, Beth Shelly, Peter Zvara
AIM: To present the teaching module "Electromyography in the assessment and therapy of lower urinary tract dysfunction in adults." This teaching module embodies a presentation, in combination with this manuscript. This manuscript serves as a scientific background review; the evidence base made available on ICS website to summarize current knowledge and recommendations. METHODS: This review has been prepared by a Working Group of The ICS Urodynamics Committee. The methodology used included comprehensive literature review, consensus formation by the members of the Working Group, and review by members of the ICS Urodynamics Committee core panel...
April 18, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410242/functional-and-therapeutic-significance-of-ezh2-in-urological-cancers
#14
REVIEW
Xiaobing Liu, Qingjian Wu, Longkun Li
The enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is a core subunit of the polycomb repressor complex 2 (PRC2), which is overexpressed in numerous cancers and mutated in several others. Notably, EZH2 acts not only a critical epigenetic repressor through its role in histone methylation, it is also an activator of gene expression, acting through multiple signaling pathways in distinct cancer types. Increasing evidence suggests that EZH2 is an oncogene and is central to initiation, growth and progression of urological cancers...
June 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370140/global-gleason-grade-groups-in-prostate-cancer-concordance-of-biopsy-and-radical-prostatectomy-grades-and-predictors-of-upgrade-and-downgrade
#15
Daniel Athanazio, Geoffrey Gotto, Melissa Shea-Budgell, Asli Yilmaz, Kiril Trpkov
AIMS: To evaluate concordance, upgrades and downgrades from biopsy to prostatectomy, and associated clincopathological parameters, using the recently proposed Gleason grade groups/International Society of Urologic Pathology (ISUP) grades. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 2529 patients who underwent biopsy and prostatectomy in our institution from 2005 to 2014. A global grade group (GR)/Gleason score (GS) was used. Factors associated with GR1/GS ≤6 upgrades and GR2/GS3 + 4 downgrades were analysed by multivariable logistic regression...
February 2, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346770/a-core-outcome-set-for-localised-prostate-cancer-effectiveness-trials
#16
Steven MacLennan, Paula R Williamson, Hanneke Bekema, Marion Campbell, Craig Ramsay, James N'Dow, Sara MacLennan, Luke Vale, Philipp Dahm, Nicolas Mottet, Thomas Lam
OBJECTIVE: To develop a core outcome set (COS) applicable for effectiveness trials of all interventions for localised prostate cancer. Many treatments exist for localised prostate cancer, although it is unclear which offers the optimal therapeutic ratio; which is confounded by inconsistencies in the selection, definition, measurement and reporting of outcomes in clinical trials. PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A list of 79 outcomes was derived from a systematic review of published localised prostate cancer effectiveness studies and semi-structured interviews with 15 patients with prostate cancer patients...
March 27, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336078/what-is-the-negative-predictive-value-of-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-excluding-prostate-cancer-at-biopsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-from-the-european-association-of-urology-prostate-cancer-guidelines-panel
#17
Paul C Moldovan, Thomas Van den Broeck, Richard Sylvester, Lorenzo Marconi, Joaquim Bellmunt, Roderick C N van den Bergh, Michel Bolla, Erik Briers, Marcus G Cumberbatch, Nicola Fossati, Tobias Gross, Ann M Henry, Steven Joniau, Theo H van der Kwast, Vsevolod B Matveev, Henk G van der Poel, Maria De Santis, Ivo G Schoots, Thomas Wiegel, Cathy Yuhong Yuan, Philip Cornford, Nicolas Mottet, Thomas B Lam, Olivier Rouvière
CONTEXT: It remains unclear whether patients with a suspicion of prostate cancer (PCa) and negative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) can safely obviate prostate biopsy. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature assessing the negative predictive value (NPV) of mpMRI in patients with a suspicion of PCa. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The Embase, Medline, and Cochrane databases were searched up to February 2016. Studies reporting prebiopsy mpMRI results using transrectal or transperineal biopsy as a reference standard were included...
March 21, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285790/diagnosis-and-treatment-for-clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-adherence-to-the-european-association-of-urology-clinical-guidelines-in-a-nationwide-population-based-study-gescap-group
#18
F Gómez-Veiga, A Rodríguez-Antolín, B Miñana, C Hernández, J F Suárez, J M Fernández-Gómez, M Unda, J Burgos, A Alcaraz, P Rodríguez, R Medina, J Castiñeiras, C Moreno, E Pedrosa, J M Cózar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adherence to European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines in the management of prostate cancer (PCa) in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Epidemiological, population-based, study including a national representative sample of 3,918 incident patients with histopathological confirmation during 2010; 95% of the patient's sample was followed up for at least one year. Diagnosis along with treatment related variables (for localized PCa -low, intermediate, high and locally-advanced by D'Amico risk stratification) was recorded...
March 9, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282341/new-developments-in-the-management-of-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#19
Mark D Tyson, Daniel Lee, Peter Clark
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we summarize the core principles in the management of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) with an emphasis on new developments that have emerged over the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: NMIBC has a propensity to recur and progress. Risk stratification has facilitated appropriate patient selection for treatment but improved tools, including biomarkers, are still needed. Enhanced cystoscopy with photodynamic imaging and narrow band imaging show promise for diagnosis, risk stratification, and disease monitoring and has been formally recommended this year by the American Urological Association...
March 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202196/vulvar-postoperative-care-gestalt-or-evidence-based-medicine-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Alon D Altman, Christine Robinson
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews all current literature for vulvar postoperative care, and forms a summary of evidence based practice. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINHAL, Web of Science Core Collection, PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, clinicaltrials.gov and Medline databases were searched. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Various combinations of key-terms were used to identify relevant articles. All identified primary research articles and review articles were then examined with their references in order to identify further relevant studies...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
keyword
keyword
113591
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"