keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"do not resuscitate"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911519/the-effects-of-the-interventions-on-the-dnr-designation-among-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#1
Li-Ting Chen, Fei-Hsiu Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this systematic review were to examine the effects of the overall and the different types of the interventions on the do-not-resuscitate (DNR) designation and the time between DNR and death among cancer patients. METHOD: Data were searched from the databases of PubMed, CINAHL, EMbase, Medline, and Cochrane Library through 2 November 2017. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were (1) randomized control trails, quasi-experimental study, and retrospective observational studies and (2) used outcome indicators of DNR designation rates...
June 18, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877955/is-30-day-posthospitalization-mortality-lower-among-racial-ethnic-minorities-a-reexamination
#2
Meng-Yun Lin, Nancy R Kressin, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Eun Ji Kim, Lenny López, Jennifer E Rosen, Amresh D Hanchate
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have reported that risk-adjusted rates of 30-day mortality after hospitalization for an acute condition are lower among blacks compared with whites. OBJECTIVE: To examine if previously reported lower mortality for minorities, relative to whites, is accounted for by adjustment for do-not-resuscitate status, potentially unconfirmed admission diagnosis, and differential risk of hospitalization. RESEARCH DESIGN: Using inpatient discharge and vital status data for patients aged 18 and older in California, we examined all admissions from January 1, 2010 to June 30, 2011 for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, pneumonia, acute stroke, gastrointestinal bleed, and hip fracture and estimated relative risk of mortality for Hispanics, non-Hispanic blacks, non-Hispanic Asians, and non-Hispanic whites...
June 5, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874117/end-of-life-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-in-both-bridge-to-transplant-and-destination-therapy
#3
Shunichi Nakagawa, Arthur R Garan, Hiroo Takayama, Koji Takeda, Veli K Topkara, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Susan X Lin, Paolo C Colombo, Yoshifumi Naka, Craig D Blinderman
BACKGROUND: The difference of end-of-life care for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patients, between destination therapy (DT) and bridge to transplant (BTT), and the effect of palliative care in this population remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The primary outcomes of this retrospective cohort study were the place of death, do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order, palliative care consultation in the last month, and hospice enrollment. Secondary outcomes were time on the LVAD, life-sustaining treatment in the last week of life, LVAD deactivation, and clinical trajectory...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859184/in-hospital-deaths-among-adults-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#4
Grant W Waterer, Wesley H Self, D Mark Courtney, Carlos G Grijalva, Robert A Balk, Timothy D Girard, Sherene S Fakhran, Christopher Trabue, Paul McNabb, Evan J Anderson, Derek J Williams, Anna M Bramley, Seema Jain, Kathryn M Edwards, Richard G Wunderink
INTRODUCTION: Adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia are at high risk for short-term mortality. However, it is unclear whether improvements in in-hospital pneumonia care could substantially lower this risk. We extensively reviewed all in-hospital deaths in a large prospective CAP study to assess the cause of each death and assess the extent of potentially preventable mortality. METHODS: We enrolled adults hospitalized with CAP at five tertiary-care hospitals in the United States...
May 30, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845875/the-family-surrogates-psychological-experience-of-making-a-do-not-resuscitate-decision-for-older-relatives-a-qualitative-study
#5
Yi-Ping Tseng, Lian-Hua Huang, Li-Ling Hsu, Tzu-Hsin Huang, Suh-Ing Hsieh, Shu-Fen Chi, Yen-Fang Chou
BACKGROUND: Many nursing home residents lack autonomous decision-making capacity and rely on family members to make do-not-resuscitate (DNR) decisions. Making DNR decisions can be difficult and complicated for surrogates. However, surrogates' psychological experience in making these decisions for older relatives is not well studied. AIM: To understand the surrogates' psychological experience of making DNR decisions for older relatives in a nursing home. METHODS: The study subjects of this qualitative study were family surrogates of older residents in a nursing home of Taiwan...
May 30, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807480/life-sustaining-procedures-palliative-care-consultation-and-do-not-resuscitate-status-in-dying-patients-with-copd-in-us-hospitals-2010-2014
#6
Jay J Shen, Eunjeong Ko, Pearl Kim, Sun Jung Kim, Yong-Jae Lee, Jae-Hoon Lee, Ji Won Yoo
AIM: Little is known regarding the extent to which dying patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) receive life-sustaining procedures and palliative care in US hospitals. We examined temporal trends and the impact of palliative care on the use of life-sustaining procedures in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective nationwide cohort analysis was performed using weighted National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data obtained from 2010 to 2014...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783184/postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-with-a-do-not-resuscitate-dnr-order-undergoing-elective-procedures
#7
Ethan Y Brovman, Elisa C Walsh, Brittany N Burton, Christine E Kuo, Charlotta Lindvall, Rodney A Gabriel, Richard D Urman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status has been shown to be an independent risk factor for mortality in the post-operative period. Patients with DNR orders often undergo elective surgeries to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life, but there are limited data on outcomes for informed decision making. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A multi-institutional setting including operating room, postoperative recovery area, inpatient wards, and the intensive care unit...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778506/quality-of-life-symptoms-and-care-needs-in-patients-with-persistent-or-recurrent-platinum-resistant-ovarian-cancer-an-nrg-oncology-gynecologic-oncology-group-study
#8
Vivian E von Gruenigen, Helen Q Huang, David Cella, MichaelA Zevon, Jason A LaChance, Joan L Walker, Ritu Salani, Susan C Modesitt, Robert T Morris, William H Bradley, Matthew P Boente, Lari Wenzel
OBJECTIVES: The goals of treating recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer are palliative, aimed at reducing symptoms and improving progression free survival. A prospective trial was conducted to determine the prevalence and severity of symptoms, and associated care needs. METHODS: Eligible women included those with persistent or recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer with an estimated life expectancy of at least 6 months. The Needs at the End-of-Life Screening Tool (NEST), FACIT-Fatigue (FACIT-F), NCCN-FACT Ovarian Symptom Index [NFOSI-18]; Disease Related Symptoms (DRS), Treatment Side Effects (TSE), and Function/Well Being (F/WB) were collected at study entry, 3 and 6 months...
May 17, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776701/nonstandard-advance-directives-in-emergency-medicine-what-should-we-do
#9
Kenneth V Iserson
BACKGROUND: Critically ill or injured emergency department or prehospital patients who lack decision-making capacity sometimes present with a non-standard advance directive, such as a "Do Not Resuscitate" tattoo or medallion. Emergency clinicians must immediately address the question of whether to withhold treatment based on what may or may not be a valid patient directive. DISCUSSION: Advance directives have been standardized for a good reason. Emergency department or prehospital healthcare providers must be able to immediately interpret and act on them without needing a legal interpretation...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757917/nurse-practitioners-completion-of-physician-orders-for-scope-of-treatment-forms-in-west-virginia-a-secondary-analysis-of-12-months-of-data-from-the-state-registry
#10
Lori Anne Constantine, Toni Dichiacchio, Evan C Falkenstine, Alvin H Moss
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Advanced care planning documents, such as the Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST), require authorized medical provider signatures; only recently have nurse practitioners (NPs) been authorized to sign these forms. Recent legislation in West Virginia (WV) granting NPs signatory authority on POLST forms and the creation of a statewide registry provides an opportunity to examine the completion rates. The aim of this study was to investigate how recent legislation allowing NPs signatory authority for POLST forms has affected POLST completion...
January 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747650/hospital-financing-of-ischaemic-stroke-determinants-of-funding-and-usefulness-of-drg-subcategories-based-on-severity-of-illness
#11
Sarah Dewilde, Lieven Annemans, Hilde Pincé, Vincent Thijs
BACKGROUND: Several Western and Arab countries, as well as over 30 States in the US are using the "All-Patient Refined Diagnosis-Related Groups" (APR-DRGs) with four severity-of-illness (SOI) subcategories as a model for hospital funding. The aim of this study is to verify whether this is an adequate model for funding stroke hospital admissions, and to explore which risk factors and complications may influence the amount of funding. METHODS: A bottom-up analysis of 2496 ischaemic stroke admissions in Belgium compares detailed in-hospital resource use (including length of stay, imaging, lab tests, visits and drugs) per SOI category and calculates total hospitalisation costs...
May 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743759/knowledge-and-attitude-of-er-and-intensive-care-unit-physicians-toward-do-not-resuscitate-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-saudi-arabia-a-survey-study
#12
Alaa Gouda, Norah Alrasheed, Alaa Ali, Ahmad Allaf, Najd Almudaiheem, Youssuf Ali, Ahmad Alghabban, Sami Alsalolami
Introduction: Only a few studies from Arab Muslim countries address do-not-resuscitate (DNR) practice. The knowledge of physicians about the existing policy and the attitude towards DNR were surveyed. Objective: The objective of this study is to identify the knowledge of the participants of the local DNR policy and barriers of addressing DNR including religious background. Methods: A questionnaire has been distributed to Emergency Room (ER) and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) physicians...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740194/opinions-of-israeli-neonatologists-about-life-and-death-decisions-in-neonates
#13
Moshe Y Kasirer, Francis B Mimouni, Alona Bin-Nun, Michael S Schimmel
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the Israeli parliament passed the "law of dying patients" legalizing life and death decisions (do not resuscitate) in patients with life expectancy less than 6 months. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ethnic and religious backgrounds (both religion and religiosity) influence neonatologists' attitudes in simulated clinical situations and opinions about the new law. DESIGN/METHODS: Prospective design, using standard questionnaire sent to all 155 board-certified practising Israeli Neonatologists...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737781/epidemiology-and-prognoses-in-a-medical-intermediate-care-unit
#14
Mona Morland, Rolf Haagensen, Fredrik A Dahl, Jan-Erik Berdal
BACKGROUND: The purpose of medical intermediate care units is the observation and treatment of patients with incipient or manifest organ failure. We wished to obtain data on which conditions result in admission to these units and the prognosis for these patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All patients admitted to the medical intermediate care unit at Akershus University Hospital in 2014 were registered prospectively with reason for admission, period of hospitalisation, degree of severity, comorbidity, last place of hospitalisation prior to medical intermediate care and treatment limitations (do-not-resuscitate order and/or do-not-intubate order)...
May 8, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731386/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-do-not-resuscitate-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department-intensive-care-unit
#15
An-Yi Wang, Hon-Ping Ma, Wei-Fong Kao, Shin-Han Tsai, Cheng-Kuei Chang
BACKGROUND: Appropriate utilization of intensive care unit (ICU) beds are essential. Patients with critical illness who have do not resuscitate (DNR) have a reduced priority of intensive care. However, the possibility of recovery/survival is ambiguous and multifactorial. OBJECTIVE: To deliberate the characteristics and outcomes of critical illness in patients with prior DNR who were admitted to the emergency department (ED)-ICU. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted between April 2015 and November 2015 in a university-based hospital...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723128/factors-influencing-family-surrogates-intention-with-regard-to-do-not-resuscitate-directive-for-patients-with-dementia
#16
Yu-Chiung Fang, Ming-Chyi Pai, Liang-Chao Wang, Ya-Ping Yang, Chung-Yi Li, Feng-Ping Lee, Jing-Jy Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of family surrogates' do-not-resuscitate (DNR) intention for patients with dementia (PwD), and factors influencing family surrogates' decisions. METHODS: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. Patients with dementia and their family surrogates from Dementia Outpatient Clinic of a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan were included. Data were collected using chart review and questionnaire survey. Influential factors were analyzed using multiple logistic regression...
April 10, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718859/the-do-not-resuscitate-order-for-terminal-cancer-patients-in-mainland-china-a-retrospective-study
#17
Bo-Yan Huang, Hui-Ping Chen, Ying Wang, Yao-Tiao Deng, Ting-Wu Yi, Yu Jiang
With the development of palliative care, a signed do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order has become increasingly popular worldwide. However, there is no legal guarantee of a signed DNR order for patients with cancer in mainland China. This study aimed to estimate the status of DNR order signing before patient death in the cancer center of a large tertiary affiliated teaching hospital in western China. Patient demographics and disease-related characteristics were also analyzed.This was a retrospective chart analysis...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676952/associations-between-patient-characteristics-and-a-new-early-do-not-attempt-resuscitation-order-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#18
Jessica McFarlin, Claire E Hailey, Wenjing Qi, Peter G Kranz, Weiping Sun, Wei Sun, Marisa Gray, Nicolas Kon Kam King, Daniel T Laskowitz, Michael L James
BACKGROUND: Decisions to limit care, including use of a do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order, are associated with increased risk of death after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Given the value that patient surrogates place on the physician's perception of prognosis, understanding prognostic indicators that influence clinical judgment of outcomes is critical. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the patient variables and comorbid illnesses associated with DNR orders placed on patients within 72 hours after ICH...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676777/do-not-resuscitate-orders-in-older-adults-during-hospitalization-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#19
Karishma Patel, Liron Sinvani, Vidhi Patel, Andrzej Kozikowski, Christopher Smilios, Meredith Akerman, Kinga Kiszko, Sutapa Maiti, Negin Hajizadeh, Gisele Wolf-Klein, Renee Pekmezaris
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of the presence and timing of a do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order on short-term clinical outcomes, including mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with propensity score matching to enable direct comparison of DNR and no-DNR groups. SETTING: Large, academic tertiary-care center. PARTICIPANTS: Hospitalized medical patients aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcome was in-hospital mortality...
May 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675055/shifting-paradigm-from-no-code-and-do-not-resuscitate-to-goals-of-care-policies
#20
Yaseen M Arabi, Abdulla A Al-Sayyari, Mohamed S Al Moamary
Policies addressing limitations of medical therapy in patients with advanced medical conditions are typically referred to as Code Status (No Code) policies or Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) status polices. Inconsistencies in implementation, understanding, decision-making, communication and management of No Code or DNR orders have led to delivery of poorer care to some patients. Several experts have called for a change in the current approach. The new approach, Goals of Care paradigm, aims to contextualize the decisions about resuscitation and advanced life support within the overall plan of care, focusing on choices of treatments to be given rather than specifically on treatments not to be given...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
keyword
keyword
113590
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"