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cyclic di-gmp

Brijesh Kumar, John L Sorensen, Silvia T Cardona
Burkholderia cenocepacia is an opportunistic bacterium that can thrive in different environments, including the amino acid-rich mucus of the cystic fibrosis (CF) lung. B. cenocepacia responds to the nutritional conditions that mimic the CF sputum by increasing flagellin expression and swimming motility. Individual amino acids also induce swimming but not flagellin expression. Here, we show that modulation of the second messenger cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) levels by the PAS-containing c-di-GMP phosphodiesterase, BCAL1069 (CdpA), regulates the swimming motility of B...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Alberto Ramírez Mata, César Millán Pacheco, José F Cruz Pérez, Martha Minjárez Sáenz, Beatriz E Baca
BACKGROUND: The cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) second messenger exemplifies a signaling system that regulates many bacterial behaviors of key importance; among them, c-di-GMP controls the transition between motile and sessile life-styles in bacteria. Cellular c-di-GMP levels in bacteria are regulated by the opposite enzymatic activities of diguanylate cyclases and phosphodiesterases, which are proteins that have GGDEF and EAL domains, respectively. Azospirillum is a genus of plant-growth-promoting bacteria, and members of this genus have beneficial effects in many agronomically and ecologically essential plants...
March 9, 2018: BMC Microbiology
Katherine D Launer-Felty, Scott A Strobel
Cyclic dinucleotides are second messenger molecules produced by both prokaryotes and eukaryotes in response to external stimuli. In bacteria, these molecules bind to RNA riboswitches and several protein receptors ultimately leading to phenotypic changes such as biofilm formation, ion transport and secretion of virulence factors. Some cyclic dinucleotide analogs bind differentially to biological receptors and can therefore be used to better understand cyclic dinucleotide mechanisms in vitro and in vivo. However, production of some of these analogs involves lengthy, multistep syntheses...
March 5, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Weihui Li, Meng Li, Lihua Hu, Jingpeng Zhu, Zhiwei Xie, Jiarui Chen, Zheng-Guo He
Cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) is a global signaling molecule that widely modulates diverse cellular processes. However, whether or not the c-di-GMP signal participates in regulation of bacterial antioxidant defense is unclear, and the involved regulators remain to be explored. In this study, we characterized HpoR as a novel c-di-GMP effective transcription factor and found a link between the c-di-GMP signal and the antioxidant regulation in Mycobacterium smegmatis. H2O2 stress induces c-di-GMP accumulation in M...
February 27, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Robert W McKee, Naira Aleksanyan, Elizabeth M Garrett, Rita Tamayo
Cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) is a second messenger that regulates the transition from motile to sessile lifestyles in numerous bacteria and controls virulence factor production in a variety of pathogens. In Clostridium difficile , c-di-GMP negatively regulates flagellum biosynthesis and swimming motility, and promotes the production of type IV pili (TFP), biofilm formation, and surface motility in vitro Flagella have been identified as colonization factors in C. difficile , but the role of TFP in adherence to host cells and in colonization of the mammalian gut is unknown...
February 26, 2018: Infection and Immunity
Daniel M Chodur, Linda Guo, Meng Pu, Eric Bruger, Nico Fernandez, Chris Waters, Dean A Rowe-Magnus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Andrew B Dippel, Wyatt A Anderson, Robert S Evans, Samuel Deutsch, Ming C Hammond
Bacteria colonize highly diverse and complex environments, from gastrointestinal tracts, to soil and plant surfaces. This colonization process is controlled in part by the intracellular signal cyclic di-GMP, which regulates bacterial motility and biofilm formation. To interrogate cyclic di-GMP signaling networks, a variety of fluorescent biosensors for live cell imaging of cyclic di-GMP have been developed. However, the need for external illumination precludes the use of these tools for imaging bacteria in their natural environments, including in deep tissues of whole organisms and in samples that are highly autofluorescent or photosensitive...
February 21, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
Mauricio Díaz, Matias Castro, Sylvia Copaja, Nicolas Guiliani
Acidophile bacteria belonging to the Acidithiobacillus genus are pivotal players for the bioleaching of metallic values such as copper. Cell adherence to ores and biofilm formation, mediated by the production of extracellular polymeric substances, strongly favors bioleaching activity. In recent years, the second messenger cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) has emerged as a central regulator for biofilm formation in bacteria. C-di-GMP pathways have been reported in different Acidithiobacillus species; however, c-di-GMP effectors and signal transduction networks are still largely uncharacterized in these extremophile species...
February 21, 2018: Genes
Fangchao Song, Hao Wang, Karin Sauer, Dacheng Ren
Recently, we reported that the stiffness of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) affects the attachment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa , and the morphology and antibiotic susceptibility of attached cells. To further understand how P. aeruginosa responses to material stiffness during attachment, the wild-type P. aeruginosa PAO1 and several isogenic mutants were characterized for their attachment on soft and stiff PDMS. Compared to the wild-type strain, mutation of the oprF gene abolished the differences in attachment, growth, and size of attached cells between soft and stiff PDMS surfaces...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Serena Rinaldo, Giorgio Giardina, Federico Mantoni, Alessio Paone, Francesca Cutruzzolà
The nitrogen cycle pathways are responsible for the circulation of inorganic and organic N-containing molecules in nature. Among these pathways, those involving amino acids, N-oxides and in particular nitric oxide (NO) play strategic roles in the metabolism of microorganisms in natural environments and in host-pathogen interactions. Beyond their role in the N-cycle, amino acids and NO are also signalling molecules able to influence group behaviour in microorganisms and cell-cell communication in multicellular organisms, including humans...
February 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Xiaochen Yuan, Fang Tian, Chenyang He, Geoffrey B Severin, Christopher M Waters, Quan Zeng, Fengquan Liu, Ching-Hong Yang
Dickeya dadantii 3937 secretes pectate lyases (Pels) to degrade the plant cell wall. Previously, we have demonstrated that EGcpB and EcpC function as cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs) to positively regulate Pel production. However, the diguanylate cyclase (DGC) responsible for the synthesis of c-di-GMP and dichotomously regulation of Pel has remained a mystery. Here, we identified GcpA is the dominant DGC to negatively regulate Pel production by specifically repressing pelD gene expression...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Plant Pathology
Candela Muriel, Eva Arrebola, Miguel Redondo-Nieto, Francisco Martínez-Granero, Blanca Jalvo, Sebastian Pfeilmeier, Esther Blanco-Romero, Irene Baena, Jacob G Malone, Rafael Rivilla, Marta Martín
The transcriptional regulator AmrZ is a global regulatory protein conserved within the pseudomonads. AmrZ can act both as a positive and a negative regulator of gene expression, controlling many genes implicated in environmental adaption. Regulated traits include motility, iron homeostasis, exopolysaccharides production and the ability to form biofilms. In Pseudomonas fluorescens F113, an amrZ mutant presents a pleiotropic phenotype, showing increased swimming motility, decreased biofilm formation and very limited ability for competitive colonization of rhizosphere, its natural habitat...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yang Zhang, Jun Yang, Guangchun Bai
Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and the CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas) provide an adaptive immunity to bacteria and archaea against specific DNA invaders. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) encodes a Type III CRISPR-Cas system, which has not been experimentally explored. In this study, we found that the CRISPR-Cas systems of both Mtb and M. bovis BCG were highly upregulated by deletion of Rv2837c (cnpB), which encodes a multifunctional protein that hydrolyzes cyclic di-AMP (c-di-AMP), cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP), and nanoRNAs (short oligonucleotides of five residues or shorter in length)...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Christopher M Waters
Bacterial cyclic di-GMP signaling networks often consist of dozens of components, and the majority of these components have no observable function. Dahlstrom, Collins et. al. explore the function of every component of the Pseudomonas fluorescens cyclic di-GMP network in 188 different growth conditions, and identify activities for 80% of the network. They further demonstrate that multiple mechanisms function in tandem to control the activity of the network in different environments.
January 29, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Benjamin R Pursley, Michael M Maiden, Meng-Lun Hsieh, Nicolas Fernandez, Geoffrey B Severin, Christopher M Waters
Cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) is a bacterial second messenger molecule that is a key global regulator in Vibrio cholerae, but the molecular mechanisms by which this molecule regulates downstream phenotypes have not been fully characterized. One such regulatory factor that may respond to c-di-GMP is the Vc2 c-di-GMP-binding riboswitch that is hypothesized to control the expression of the downstream putative transcription factor TfoY. Although much is known about the physical and structural properties of the Vc2 riboswitch aptamer, the nature of its expression and function in V...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Rekha Dhanwani, Mariko Takahashi, Sonia Sharma
In the cytoplasm, DNA is sensed as a universal danger signal by the innate immune system. Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) is a cytosolic DNA sensor/enzyme that catalyzes formation of 2'-5'-cGAMP, an atypical cyclic di-nucleotide second messenger that binds and activates the Stimulator of Interferon Genes (STING), resulting in recruitment of Tank Binding Kinase 1 (TBK1), activation of the transcription factor Interferon Regulatory Factor 3 (IRF3), and trans-activation of innate immune response genes, including type I Interferon cytokines (IFN-I)...
December 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Immunology
Nikola Strempel, Michael Nusser, Anke Neidig, Gerald Brenner-Weiss, Joerg Overhage
The opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa is able to survive under a variety of often harmful environmental conditions due to a multitude of intrinsic and adaptive resistance mechanisms, including biofilm formation as one important survival strategy. Here, we investigated the adaptation of P. aeruginosa PAO1 to hypochlorite (HClO), a phagocyte-derived host defense compound and frequently used disinfectant. In static biofilm assays, we observed a significant enhancement in initial cell attachment in the presence of sublethal HClO concentrations...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Feng Wang, Qing He, Kaixuan Su, Tiandi Wei, Sujuan Xu, Lichuan Gu
The Asp-His-His and Asp-His-His-associated (DHH/DHHA1) domain-containing phosphodiesterases (PDEs) that catalyze degradation of cyclic di-adenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) could be subdivided into two subfamilies based on the final product [5'-phosphadenylyl-adenosine (5'-pApA) or AMP]. In a previous study, we revealed that Rv2837c, a stand-alone DHH/DHHA1 PDE, employs a 5'-pApA internal flipping mechanism to produce AMPs. However, why the membrane-bound DHH/DHHA1 PDE can only degrade c-di-AMP to 5'-pApA remains obscure...
January 5, 2018: Biochemical Journal
David A Rosen, Joy Twentyman, David A Hunstad
The bacterial second messenger bis-(3'-5')-cyclic dimeric GMP (c-di-GMP) has been shown to influence the expression of virulence factors in certain pathogenic bacteria, but little is known about its activity in the increasingly antibiotic-resistant pathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae Here, the expression in K. pneumoniae of a heterologous diguanylate cyclase increased the bacterial c-di-GMP concentration and attenuated pathogenesis in murine pneumonia. This attenuation remained evident in mice lacking the c-di-GMP sensor STING, indicating that the high c-di-GMP concentration exerted its influence not on host responses but on bacterial physiology...
February 2018: Infection and Immunity
Chunxi Yang, Chaoyu Cui, Qiumian Ye, Jinhong Kan, Shuna Fu, Shihao Song, Yutong Huang, Fei He, Lian-Hui Zhang, Yantao Jia, Yong-Gui Gao, Caroline S Harwood, Yinyue Deng
Quorum sensing (QS) signals are used by bacteria to regulate biological functions in response to cell population densities. Cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) regulates cell functions in response to diverse environmental chemical and physical signals that bacteria perceive. In Burkholderia cenocepacia , the QS signal receptor RpfR degrades intracellular c-di-GMP when it senses the QS signal cis -2-dodecenoic acid, also called Burkholderia diffusible signal factor (BDSF), as a proxy for high cell density...
December 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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