keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trauma population mortality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137199/epidemiology-of-bone-fracture-in-female-trauma-patients-based-on-risks-of-osteoporosis-assessed-using-the-osteoporosis-self-assessment-tool-for-asians-score
#1
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Pao-Jen Kuo, Yi-Chun Chen, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: Osteoporotic fractures are defined as low-impact fractures resulting from low-level trauma. However, the exclusion of high-level trauma fractures may result in underestimation of the contribution of osteoporosis to fractures. In this study, we aimed to investigate the fracture patterns of female trauma patients with various risks of osteoporosis based on the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) score. Methods: According to the data retrieved from the Trauma Registry System of a Level I trauma center between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2015, a total of 6707 patients aged ≥40 years and hospitalized for the treatment of traumatic bone fracture were categorized as high-risk (OSTA < -4, n = 1585), medium-risk (-1 ≥ OSTA ≥ -4, n = 1985), and low-risk (OSTA > -1, n = 3137) patients...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126550/trends-in-pediatric-adjusted-shock-index-predict-morbidity-and-mortality-in-children-with-severe-blunt-injuries
#2
Robert J Vandewalle, Julia K Peceny, Scott C Dolejs, Jodi L Raymond, Thomas M Rouse
PURPOSE: The utility of measuring the pediatric adjusted shock index (SIPA) at admission for predicting severity of blunt injury in pediatric patients has been previously reported. However, the utility of following SIPA after admission is not well described. METHODS: The trauma registry from a level-one pediatric trauma center was queried from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015. Patients were included if they were between 4 and 16years old at the time of admission, sustained a blunt injury with an Injury Severity Score≥15, and were admitted less than 12h after their injury (n=286)...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120878/investigating-the-effects-of-under-triage-by-existing-major-incident-triage-tools
#3
James M Vassallo, Jason E Smith, Lee A Wallis
OBJECTIVES: Triage is a key principle in the effective management of a major incident. Its effectiveness is a balance between identifying those in need of life-saving intervention, and those triaged incorrectly as either needing/not needing life-saving intervention. The primary aim of this study was to report mortality in those under-triaged by existing major incident triage tools. Secondary aims were to report the ability of triage tools at identifying serious injury by body region (defined as the Abbreviated Injury Scale≥3)...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119562/validating-performance-of-triss-tarn-and-normit-survival-prediction-models-in-a-norwegian-trauma-population
#4
N O Skaga, T Eken, S Søvik
INTRODUCTION: Anatomic injury, physiological derangement, age, injury mechanism and pre-injury comorbidity are well-founded predictors of trauma outcome. Statistical prediction models may have poorer discrimination, calibration and accuracy when applied in new locations. We aimed to compare the TRISS, TARN and NORMIT survival prediction models in a Norwegian trauma population. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted to Oslo University Hospital Ullevål within 24 h after injury, with Injury Severity Score ≥ 10, proximal penetrating injuries, or received by trauma team, were studied...
November 8, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101007/epidemiology-of-primary-ophthalmic-inpatient-admissions-in-the-united-states
#5
Mustafa Iftikhar, Nadia Junaid, Marili Lemus, Zyannah N Mallick, Syeda A Mina, Urooba Hannan, Joseph K Canner, Asad Latif, Syed Mahmood Ali Shah
PURPOSE: To determine the national estimates, demographics and costs of inpatient eye care in the United States (US). DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a representative sample of all US community hospitals, was used to analyze inpatient admissions with a primary ophthalmic diagnosis from 2001 to 2014. National estimates of the most prevalent diagnoses were determined, and descriptive statistics were calculated for demographics and costs...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100897/multiple-deprivation-vision-loss-and-ophthalmic-disease-in-adults-global-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
M Lane, V Lane, J Abbott, T Braithwaite, P Shah, A K Denniston
The association between socio-economic position and morbidity and mortality has long been recognised. We evaluate the evidence for an association between multiple aspects of deprivation and ocular health in a global context. This is a systematic review of studies that evaluated deprivation in the adult population in the context of the major acquired causes of visual loss such as cataract, diabetic eye disease, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and ocular trauma. The search strategy identified relevant studies reported between 1946 to August 2016, with randomized control trials, case control, cohort and cross-sectional study designs being selected for inclusion...
October 31, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099813/stress-induced-hyperglycemia-but-not-diabetic-hyperglycemia-is-associated-with-higher-mortality-in-patients-with-isolated-moderate-and-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-analysis-of-a-propensity-score-matched-population
#7
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Yi-Chun Chen, Peng-Chen Chien, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Pao-Jen Kuo, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: Admission hyperglycemia is associated with higher morbidity and mortality in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Stress-induced hyperglycemia (SIH), a form of hyperglycemia induced by the stress response, is associated with increased patient mortality following TBI. However, admission hyperglycemia occurs not only in SIH but also in patients with diabetic hyperglycemia (DH). Current information regarding whether trauma patients with SIH represent a distinct group with differential outcomes compared to those with DH remains limited...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096679/epidemiological-comparison-between-the-navarra-major-trauma-registry-and-the-german-trauma-registry-tr-dgu%C3%A2
#8
B Ali Ali, R Lefering, M Fortun Moral, T Belzunegui Otano
BACKGROUND: International benchmarking can help identify trauma system performance issues and determine the extent to which other countries also experience these. When problems are identified, countries can look to high performers for insight into possible responses. The objective of this study was to compare the treatment and outcome of severely injured patients in Germany and Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Data collected, from 2010 to 2013, in the Navarra Major Trauma Registry (NMTR) and the TraumaRegister DGU® (TR-DGU) were compared...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095286/clinical-predictors-of-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-emergency-air-medical-transport-from-kinmen-to-taiwan
#9
Julia Chia-Yu Chang, Hsien-Hao Huang, Shu-Hua Chang, Yin-Ru Chen, Ju-Shin Fan, Yen-Chia Chen, David Hung-Tsang Yen
Emergency air medical transport (EAMT) is indispensable for acutely or critically ill patients in remote areas. We determined patient-level and transport-specific factors associated with all-cause mortality after EAMT.We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study using a prospective registry consisting of clinical/medical records. Study inclusion criteria consisted of all adults undergoing EAMT from Kinmen hospital to the ED of Taipei Veterans General Hospital (TVGH) between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2012...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094456/a-prospective-cause-of-death-classification-system-for-maternal-deaths-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-results-from-the-global-network-maternal-newborn-health-registry
#10
Omrana Pasha, Elizabeth M McClure, Sarah Saleem, Shiyam Sunder, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tshefu, Carl L Bose, Melissa Bauserman, Musaku Mwenechanya, Elwyn Chomba, Waldemar A Carlo, Ana L Garces, Lester Figueroa, K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Shivaprasad Goudar, Bhalachandra S Kodkany, Sangappa Dhaded, Richard J Derman, Archana Patel, Patricia L Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Constance Tenge, Edward A Liechty, Janet L Moore, Dennis D Wallace, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Robert L Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: To describe the causes of maternal death in a population-based cohort in six low and middle-income countries using a standardized, hierarchical, algorithmic cause of death (COD) methodology. DESIGN: A population-based, prospective observational study. SETTING: Seven sites in six low-middle income countries including the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Guatemala, India (2), Kenya, Pakistan and Zambia. POPULATION: All deaths amongst pregnant women resident in the study sites from 2014 to December 2016...
November 1, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089154/low-yield-of-clinically-significant-injury-with-head-to-pelvis-computed-tomography-in-blunt-trauma-evaluation
#11
Shelby P Murphy, Noah Hawthorne, David Haase, Chika Chiku, Jason Wen, Robert M Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Many trauma centers have adopted routine head-to-pelvis computed tomography (CT) imaging for the evaluation of adults with blunt trauma. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the yields of detecting clinically significant injuries (CSIs) with CT in >1 anatomic region. METHODS: We conducted this observational cohort study of all trauma activation patients >14 years of age who received CT imaging during blunt trauma evaluation at a Level 1 trauma center from April to October 2014...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077678/is-it-safe-nonoperative-management-of-blunt-splenic-injuries-in-geriatric-trauma-patients
#12
Marc D Trust, Pedro Teixeira, Lawrence Brown, Sadia Ali, Ben Coopwood, Jayson Aydelotte, Carlos V R Brown
BACKGROUND: Due to increased failure rates of non-operative management (NOM) of blunt splenic injuries (BSI) in the geriatric population, dogma dictated that this management was unacceptable. Recently, there has been an increased use of this treatment strategy in the geriatric population. However, published data assessing the safety of NOM of BSI in this population is conflicting and well-powered multicenter data is lacking. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) from 2014 and identified young (age < 65) and geriatric (age ≥ 65) patients with a BSI...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071424/impact-of-trauma-system-structure-on-injury-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Lynne Moore, Howard Champion, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Brice-Lionel Kuimi, Gerard O'Reilly, Ari Leppaniemi, Peter Cameron, Cameron S Palmer, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Belinda Gabbe, Christine Gaarder, Natalie Yanchar, Henry Thomas Stelfox, Raul Coimbra, John Kortbeek, Vanessa K Noonan, Amy Gunning, Malcolm Gordon, Monty Khajanchi, Teegwendé V Porgo, Alexis F Turgeon, Luke Leenen
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of trauma systems in decreasing injury mortality and morbidity has been well demonstrated. However, little is known about which components contribute to their effectiveness. We aimed to systematically review the evidence of the impact of trauma system components on clinically important injury outcomes. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and BIOSIS/Web of Knowledge, gray literature and trauma association Web sites to identify studies evaluating the association between at least one trauma system component and injury outcome...
October 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067975/sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy
#14
REVIEW
Shishir Nagesh Duble, Sanjeev V Thomas
People with epilepsy have increased risk of premature death, and their life expectancy may reduce by 2-10 yr. Population- and hospital-based studies have shown that the excess mortality in epilepsy is not entirely explained by deaths directly attributable to epilepsy such as accidents and drowning during a seizure. It is also significantly contributed by deaths from other causes such as cardiac deaths, deaths due to malignancies and other causes. It had recently been recognized that sudden unexpected deaths in epilepsy (SUDEP) contributed to a small yet important proportion of mortality in epilepsy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063224/predictors-and-time-based-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-isolated-and-polytrauma-brain-injuries
#15
Ayman El-Menyar, Rafael Consunji, Husham Abdelrahman, Rifat Latifi, Bianca M Wahlen, Hassan Al-Thani
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We studied the predictors and time-based mortality in patients with isolated and polytrauma brain injuries in a rapidly developing country. We hypothesized that TBI-related 30-day mortality is decreasing over time. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for all patients with moderate-to-severe TBI who were admitted directly to a level 1 trauma center between 2010 and 2014...
October 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047413/itactic-implementing-treatment-algorithms-for-the-correction-of-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Kjersti Baksaas-Aasen, Lewis Gall, Simon Eaglestone, Claire Rourke, Nicole P Juffermans, J Carel Goslings, Paal Aksel Naess, Susan van Dieren, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Marc Maegele, Simon J Stanworth, Christine Gaarder, Karim Brohi, Per I Johansson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the fourth leading cause of death globally. Half of all trauma deaths are due to bleeding and most of these will occur within 6 h of injury. Haemorrhagic shock following injury has been shown to induce a clotting dysfunction within minutes, and this early trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) may exacerbate bleeding and is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. In spite of improved resuscitation strategies over the last decade, current transfusion therapy still fails to correct TIC during ongoing haemorrhage and evidence for the optimal management of bleeding trauma patients is lacking...
October 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045765/oral-anti-diabetic-agents-for-women-with-established-diabetes-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-previous-gestational-diabetes-planning-pregnancy-or-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Suzette Coat, William Hague, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: While most guidance recommends the use of insulin in women whose pregnancies are affected by pre-existing diabetes, oral anti-diabetic agents may be more acceptable to women. The effects of these oral anti-diabetic agents on maternal and infant health outcomes need to be established in pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, as well as in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus preconceptionally or during a subsequent pregnancy. This review is an update of a review that was first published in 2010...
October 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040205/spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy-in-trauma
#18
Morgan Schellenberg, Kenji Inaba, Vincent Cheng, James M Bardes, Lydia Lam, Elizabeth Benjamin, Kazuhide Matsushima, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries to the distal pancreas are infrequent. Universally accepted recommendations about the need for routine splenectomy with distal pancreatectomy do not exist. The aims of this study were to compare outcomes after distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy vs spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy, and to define the appropriate patient population for splenic preservation. METHODS: All patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy (01/01/2007-12/31/2014) were identified from the NTDB...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033079/polytrauma-patients-in-the-netherlands-and-the-usa-a-bi-institutional-comparison-of-processes-and-outcomes-of-care
#19
Suzan Dijkink, Gwendolyn M van der Wilden, Pieta Krijnen, Lisa Dol, Steven Rhemrev, David R King, Marc A DeMoya, George C Velmahos, Inger B Schipper
BACKGROUND: Modern trauma systems differ worldwide, possibly leading to disparities in outcomes. We aim to compare characteristics and outcomes of blunt polytrauma patients admitted to two Level 1 Trauma Centers in the US (USTC) and the Netherlands (NTC). METHODS: For this retrospective study the records of 1367 adult blunt trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥ 16 admitted between July 1, 2011 and December 31, 2013 (640 from NTC, 727 from USTC) were analysed...
October 10, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021720/burn-injury-review-of-pathophysiology-and-therapeutic-modalities-in-major-burns
#20
I Kaddoura, G Abu-Sittah, A Ibrahim, R Karamanoukian, N Papazian
Despite a considerable decrease in their incidence worldwide, burn injuries remain one of the commonest forms of trauma and account for a weighty proportion of trauma cases in health-care emergencies around the globe. Although the latest data reveal a substantial decline in burn-related mortality and hospital admissions in the US over the past three decades, severe thermal injuries continue to trigger devastating morbidity and significant mortality while their management remains a dynamic challenge for the entire medical and paramedical community...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
keyword
keyword
113584
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"