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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792707/nano-scale-conductive-filament-with-alternating-rectification-as-an-artificial-synapse-building-block
#1
Dan Berco, Yu Zhou, Sankara Rao Gollu, Pranav Sairam Kalaga, Abhisek Kole, Mohamed Hassan, Diing Shenp Ang
A popular approach for resistive memory (RRAM) based hardware implementation of neural networks utilizes one (or two) device that functions as an analog synapse in a crossbar structure of perpendicular pre- and post-synaptic neurons. An ideal fully automated, large scale artificial neural network, that matches a biologic counterpart (in terms of density and energy consumption), thus requires nano sized, extremely low power devices with a wide dynamic range and multi level functionality. Unfortunately the tradeoff between these traits proves to be a serious obstacle in the realization of brain inspired computing platforms yet to be overcome...
May 24, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792582/advancing-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-in-schools-an-exploration-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-enough-online-training-program-for-k-12-teachers
#2
Melinda Gushwa, Jetta Bernier, David Robinson
Child sexual abuse (CSA) in schools and educator misconduct represents a threat to the safety and well-being of our children. The Enough! Preventing Child Sexual Abuse in My School program is a 1-hour online training course developed to address the problem of sexual misconduct and CSA in K-12 education via the use of two avatars/teachers who are navigating CSA and misconduct in their schools. One hundred and thirty-four teachers from three school districts participated in a study to examine the effectiveness of the program in terms of knowledge awareness, including prevalence rates, types of CSA behaviors, impact of CSA on children, signs and symptoms, reporting responsibilities and responses to suspected abuse...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792533/efficacy-of-the-resilience-and-adjustment-intervention-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Jennifer H Marwitz, Adam P Sima, Ana Mills, Nancy H Hsu, Herman R Lukow
OBJECTIVE: Examine a psychoeducational and skill-building intervention's effectiveness for individuals after traumatic brain injury (TBI), using a two-arm, parallel, randomized, controlled trial with wait-listed control. METHODS: The Resilience and Adjustment Intervention (RAI) targets adjustment challenges and emphasizes education, skill-building and psychological support. Overall, 160 outpatients were randomly assigned to a treatment or wait-list control (WLC) group...
May 24, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792087/effects-of-intensive-short-term-dynamic-psychotherapy-on-social-cognition-in-major-depression
#4
Bita Ajilchi, Steve Kisely, Vahid Nejati, Jon Frederickson
BACKGROUND: Social cognition is commonly affected in psychiatric disorders and is a determinant of quality of life. However, there are few studies of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy on social cognition in major depression. METHOD: This study used a parallel group randomized control design to compare pre-test and post-test social cognition scores between depressed participants receiving ISTDP and those allocated to a wait-list control group...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792056/placenta-in-intrauterine-fetal-demise-iufd-a-comprehensive-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
Anisha Manocha, Gayatri Ravikumar, Julian Crasta
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) is an unpredictable and challenging obstetric complication. Its etiology is multifactorial with more than 60% attributed to the placental cause. The present study was done with a primary objective of understanding the placental lesions underlying IUFD. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, IUFD cases (> 22 weeks) between January 2012-September 2015 were collected from pathology database. The clinical details with ultrasound findings were collected from mother's charts...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791704/use-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-during-physical-therapy-may-reduce-the-incidence-of-arthrofibrosis-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#6
Chukwuweike U Gwam, Tanner McGinnis, Jennifer I Etcheson, Nicole E George, Assem A Sultan, Ronald E Delanois, Anil Bhave, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Arthrofibrosis remains a major complication following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) that negatively impacts patient outcomes and exhausts healthcare resources. The use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has demonstrated the ability to facilitate quadriceps muscle recovery and reduce pain. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare TKA patients who received physical therapy (PT) and adjuvant NMES therapy versus physical therapy alone in terms of: 1) rates of manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) to treat arthrofibrosis; and 2) post-therapy range of motion (ROM)...
June 1, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791695/current-strategies-to-prevent-iatrogenic-ureteral-injury-during-colorectal-surgery
#7
Jonathan Douissard, Frederic Ris, Philippe Morel, Nicolas Christian Buchs
Iatrogenic ureteral injuries are a source of major concern among surgeons performing colorectal procedures. Although they are uncommon, these lesions lead to severe morbidity and long-term functional disabilities, as well as an increase in mortality, hospital stay, and cost. The laparoscopic approach has gained popularity in the field of colorectal surgery and is associated with improved global postoperative outcomes. However, it is also considered to increase the risk of ureteral injury when compared to open surgery, especially during left colonic and rectal resections...
June 1, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790991/understanding-delays-in-acute-stroke-care-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#8
Yacine Lachkhem, Stéphane Rican, Étienne Minvielle
Background: Stroke is the leading cause of adult long-term disability in Western countries. Intravenous thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator is safe and effective within the first 4.5 h after the onset of stroke. Various factors delaying acute stroke care have been identified in the literature. This review aimed to provide an overview of factors delaying acute stroke care and attempted to show how they interact in a synthetic framework. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of literature reviews published in Medline and DORIS until 2016 on factors influencing acute stroke pathway timeframe...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790579/extrathoracic-subclavian-axillary-vein-location-and-morphological-features-over-the-first-rib-for-pacemaker-and-defibrillator-lead-implantation
#9
Veysel Kutay Vurgun, Basar Candemir, Demet Menekse Gerede, Huseyin Goksuluk, Ali Timucin Altin, Omer Akyurek, Cetin Erol
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the variations of extrathoracic subclavian-axillary vein location and its morphology over the first rib by venography in order to facilitate venous puncture using fluoroscopic landmarks without contrast venography, and evaluate the success rate of punctures, which made with our method. METHODS: Patients who had undergone de novo lead implantation with help of pre-puncture venography between 2011 and 2015 were enrolled. For detection of the segmental location of the axillary vein, the zones were defined (Zone 1: Posterior, Zone 2:Lateral, Zone 3:Medial) at the first rib by fluoroscopy...
May 23, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790383/focal-treatment-for-unilateral-prostate-cancer-using-hifu-a-comprehensive-study-of-pooled-data
#10
Simone Albisinni, Christian Melot, Fouad Aoun, Ksenija Limani, Alexandre Peltier, Pascal Rischmann, Roland van Velthoven
BACKGROUND: Focal therapy for prostate cancer (PCa) remains experimental. Aim of the current study is to review available evidence and perform a pooled analysis exploring oncologic and functional results of High Intensity Focal Ultrasound (HIFU) focal therapy for the treatment of unilateral PCa. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Database was searched for relevant articles. A wide search was performed including the combination of following words: "HIFU", "prostate", "cancer", "focal"...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790323/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-overweight-and-obesity-after-liver-transplantation-retrospective-study-at-three-years-after-transplantation
#11
Sara Di Cosmo, Maura Lusignani, Matteo Manini, Roberto Accardi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Weight gain is frequently observed among liver transplanted patients. This condition is often associated to the development of other post LT morbidities which might influence the long-term post-transplant survival. However, the risk factors asso- ciated have not yet been identified. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of over- weight and obesity, to notice Body Mass Index changes and associated risk factors, within three years after LT. METHODS: All the patients consecutively transplanted at the Liver Transplantation Unit of Fondazione IRCCS "Cà-Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico", Milan between January 2005 and June 2014 were retrospectively evaluated for inclusion...
January 2018: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789943/outcomes-of-viscocanalostomy-and-phaco-viscocanalostomy-in-patients-with-advanced-glaucoma
#12
M Tsagkataki, T M Bampouras, A Choudhary
PURPOSE: To determine the medium-term outcomes for patients with advanced glaucoma undergoing viscocanalostomy. METHODS: All patients with advanced glaucoma (mean deviation (MD) - 12.00 dB or above) and patients with poor visual acuity secondary to advanced glaucoma which precluded formal visual field assessment undergoing viscocanalostomy (VC) and phaco-viscocanalostomy between 2010 and 2014 under the care of a single surgical team were included. Intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity (VA) and visual field outcomes were assessed from data prospectively collected into a surgical outcome database...
May 22, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789774/pilot-study-of-dose-response-effects-of-exercise-on-change-in-c-reactive-protein-cortisol-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-cancer-survivors
#13
Jeanette M Ricci, Victoria Flores, Isabela Kuroyama, Arash Asher, Heather P Tarleton
Fatigue, stress, and depression contribute to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among cancer survivors. This study examined the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training (CART) on HRQoL and biomarkers of stress. Cancer survivors ( n  = 76, 91% female, 39% breast cancer, 32% gynecologic cancer) were enrolled in CART for three 60-min sessions, weekly, for 26 weeks. Participants completed the National Institutes of Health's Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (NIH PROMIS) fatigue assessment and the SF-36...
2018: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789764/a-single-institution-analysis-of-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-5-year-reported-survival-and-late-toxicity-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Michael Chao, Sandra Spencer, Mario Guerrieri, Wei Ding, Mehran Goharian, Huong Ho, Michael Ng, Danielle Healey, Alwin Tan, Chee Cham, Daryl Lim Joon, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Douglas Travis, Shomik Sengupta, Yee Chan, Andrew Troy, Trung Pham, David Clarke, Peter Liodakis, Damien Bolton
Purpose: To report the 5-year biochemical relapse-free survival (BRFS), overall survival (OS), and long-term toxicity outcomes of patients treated with low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy as monotherapy for low- to intermediate-risk prostate cancer. Material and methods: Between 2004 and 2011, 371 patients were treated with LDR brachytherapy as monotherapy. Of these, 102 patients (27%) underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) prior to implantation...
April 2018: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789705/the-short-term-effect-of-ultrasound-and-peripheral-nerve-stimulator-guided-femoral-nerve-block-with-phenol-on-the-outcomes-of-patients-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Yasin Demir, Ayça Uran Şan, Serdar Kesikburun, Evren Yaşar, Bilge Yılmaz
STUDY DESIGN: A pre-post descriptive study. OBJECTIVES: To examine the immediate effects of ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block with phenol (UGFNBwP) in managing the lower limb spasticity of individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Ankara, Turkey. METHODS: Nineteen patients with traumatic SCI presenting with lower extremity spasticity were treated with UGFNBwP. Modified Ashworth Scale of hip flexion and knee extension, functional independence measure motor subscale, difficulty of catheterization, hygiene score, spasm frequency, sleep quality, and patient satisfaction (PS) were measured in all patients prior to treatment, in the first week and second month...
May 22, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789244/biopsychosocial-management-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-a-pilot-study-of-patient-perceptions-from-2-multi-disciplinary-clinics
#16
Jordan Rullo, Stephanie S Faubion, Rose Hartzell, Sue Goldstein, Deborah Cohen, Karla Frohmader, Ashley G Winter, Kristin Mara, Darrell Schroeder, Irwin Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is often complex and biopsychosocial. Traditional sexual health care management involves individual providers not in a multi-disciplinary setting. A multi-disciplinary team may consist of a medical provider, pelvic floor physical therapist, and sex therapist. AIM: The aim was to explore the patient perceptions of benefit from management of their sexual dysfunction by a biopsychosocial multi-disciplinary team. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to women patients seen by multi-disciplinary teams at 2 different settings: San Diego Sexual Medicine or Mayo Clinic Women's Health Clinic during a 27-month period...
May 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789243/menacwy-tt-is-immunogenic-when-co-administered-with-tdap-and-as04-hpv16-18-in-girls-and-young-women-results-from-a-phase-iii-randomized-trial
#17
Luis Rivera, Pornthep Chanthavanich, Airi Põder, P V Suryakiran, Archana Jastorff, Marie Van der Wielen
BACKGROUND: Co-administration of vaccines in adolescents may improve coverage. We assessed co-administration of quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W and Y tetanus toxoid-conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT), human papillomavirus 16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine (AS04-HPV16/18) and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in girls and young women. METHODS: In this phase IIIb study (NCT01755689), 1300 healthy 9-25-year-old females were randomized (1:1:1:1:1) to receive: MenACWY-TT at month (M) 0 and AS04-HPV16/18 at M1, M2, M7; MenACWY-TT and AS04-HPV16/18 at M0 and AS04-HPV16/18 at M1, M6; AS04-HPV16/18 at M0, M1, M6; MenACWY-TT, Tdap and AS04-HPV16/18 at M0 and AS04-HPV16/18 at M1, M6; Tdap and AS04-HPV16/18 at M0 and AS04-HPV16/18 at M1, M6...
May 19, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789169/determination-of-organochlorine-compounds-in-fish-liver-by-ultrasound-assisted-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-based-on-solidification-of-organic-droplet-coupled-with-gas-chromatography-electron-capture-detection
#18
Ankita Asati, G N V Satyanarayana, V Tanmya Srivastava, Devendra K Patel
A simple and rapid method for the extraction of organochlorine compounds (OCs) including poly-chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in fish liver using ultrasound assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on the solidification of floating organic droplet (US-DLLME-SFO) was developed. For reducing the complexity of the matrix, the sample was pre-treated prior to microextraction. Factors affecting US-DLLME-SFO were optimized by using statistical design of experiment (DoE)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788827/video-based-education-versus-nurse-led-education-for-partner-notification-in-thai-women-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Chenchit Chayachinda, Chanakarn Kerdklinhom, Suphaphon Tachawatcharapunya, Nattha Saisaveoy
Health education on sexually transmitted infections (STIs), condom use, and partner notification (PN) is required to increase partner evaluation/treatment (PET) rate. To examine this issue, a randomized controlled trial comparing video-based and nurse-led education in women diagnosed with their first STI at the Siriraj Female STI clinic was conducted from March 2015 to March 2017. PN was assessed at two weeks and PET was done at four weeks. Of 330 patients, 225 were included in the analysis (N = 113 and N = 112 for video-based and nurse-led groups, respectively)...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788203/do-cost-containment-policies-save-money-and-influence-physicians-prescribing-behavior-lessons-from-south-korea-s-drug-policy-for-diabetes-medication
#20
Shin-On Kang, Seung Ju Kim, Sohee Park, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
Objective: We evaluate the effects of drug price reduction policy on pharmaceutical expenditure and prescription patterns in diabetes medication. Design: An interrupted time series study design using generalized estimating equations. Setting: This study used National Health Insurance claim data from 2010 to 2013. Participants: A total of 68 127 diabetes patients and 12 465 hospitals. Intervention(s): The drug price reduction policy...
May 17, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
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