keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

c-di-gmp

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213262/the-oxidative-stress-agent-hypochlorite-stimulates-c-di-gmp-synthesis-and-biofilm-formation-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#1
Nikola Strempel, Michael Nusser, Anke Neidig, Gerald Brenner-Weiss, Joerg Overhage
The opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa is able to survive under a variety of often harmful environmental conditions due to a multitude of intrinsic and adaptive resistance mechanisms, including biofilm formation as one important survival strategy. Here, we investigated the adaptation of P. aeruginosa PAO1 to hypochlorite (HClO), a phagocyte-derived host defense compound and frequently used disinfectant. In static biofilm assays, we observed a significant enhancement in initial cell attachment in the presence of sublethal HClO concentrations...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203646/structural-and-biochemical-characterization-of-the-catalytic-domains-of-gdpp-reveals-a-unified-hydrolysis-mechanism-for-the-dhh-dhha1-phosphodiesterase
#2
Feng Wang, Qing He, Kaixuan Su, Tiandi Wei, Sujuan Xu, Lichuan Gu
The Asp-His-His and Asp-His-His-associated (DHH/DHHA1) domain-containing phosphodiesterases (PDEs) that catalyze degradation of cyclic di-adenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) could be subdivided into two subfamilies based on the final product is 5'-phosphadenylyl-adenosine (5'-pApA) or AMP. In previous study we revealed that Rv2837c, a stand-alone DHH/DHHA1 PDE, employs a 5'-pApA internal flipping mechanism to produce AMPs. However, why the membrane-bound DHH/DHHA1 PDE can only degrade c-di-AMP to 5'-pApA remains obscure...
December 4, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196522/moti-dgra-acts-as-a-molecular-clutch-on-the-flagellar-stator-protein-mota-in-bacillus-subtilis
#3
Sundharraman Subramanian, Xiaohui Gao, Charles E Dann, Daniel B Kearns
Stator elements consisting of MotA4MotB2 complexes are anchored to the cell wall, extend through the cell membrane, and interact with FliG in the cytoplasmic C ring rotor of the flagellum. The cytoplasmic loop of MotA undergoes proton-driven conformational changes that drive flagellar rotation. Functional regulators inhibit motility by either disengaging or jamming the stator-rotor interaction. Here we show that the YcgR homolog MotI (formerly DgrA) of Bacillus subtilis inhibits motility like a molecular clutch that disengages MotA...
December 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180529/the-abc-of-biofilm-drug-tolerance-the-merr-like-regulator-brlr-is-an-activator-of-abc-transport-systems-with-pa1874-77-contributing-to-the-tolerance-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-biofilms-to-tobramycin
#4
Bandita Poudyal, Karin Sauer
A hallmark of biofilms is their tolerance to killing by antimicrobial agents. In P. aeruginosa, biofilm drug tolerance requires the c-di-GMP responsive, MerR transcriptional regulator BrlR. However, the mechanism by which BrlR mediates biofilm drug tolerance has not been elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that BrlR activates the expression of at least 7 ABC transport systems, including PA1874-77, with ChIP and DNA binding assays confirming BrlR binding to the promoter region of PA1874-77. Insertional inactivation of the 7 ABC transport systems rendered P...
November 27, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158434/high-levels-of-cyclic-di-gmp-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-attenuate-virulence-in-the-lung
#5
David A Rosen, Joy Twentyman, David A Hunstad
The bacterial second messenger, bis-(3' -5')-cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) has been shown to influence expression of virulence factors in certain pathogenic bacteria, but little is known about its activity in the increasingly antibiotic-resistant pathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae Here, expression in K. pneumoniae of a heterologous diguanylate cyclase increased bacterial c-di-GMP concentration and attenuated pathogenesis in murine pneumonia. This attenuation remained evident in mice lacking the c-di-GMP sensor STING, indicating that high c-di-GMP exerted its influence not on host responses, but on bacterial physiology...
November 20, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158389/burkholderia-cenocepacia-integrates-cis-2-dodecenoic-acid-and-cyclic-dimeric-guanosine-monophosphate-signals-to-control-virulence
#6
Chunxi Yang, Chaoyu Cui, Qiumian Ye, Jinhong Kan, Shuna Fu, Shihao Song, Yutong Huang, Fei He, Lian-Hui Zhang, Yantao Jia, Yong-Gui Gao, Caroline S Harwood, Yinyue Deng
Quorum sensing (QS) signals are used by bacteria to regulate biological functions in response to cell population densities. Cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) regulates cell functions in response to diverse environmental chemical and physical signals that bacteria perceive. In Burkholderia cenocepacia, the QS signal receptor RpfR degrades intracellular c-di-GMP when it senses the QS signal cis-2-dodecenoic acid, also called Burkholderia diffusible signal factor (BDSF), as a proxy for high cell density...
November 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146598/structural-analyses-unravel-the-molecular-mechanism-of-cyclic-di-gmp-regulation-of-bacterial-chemotaxis-via-a-pilz-adaptor-protein
#7
Xin-Fu Yan, Lingyi Xin, Jackie Tan Yen, Yukai Zeng, Shengyang Jin, Qing Wei Cheang, Rachel Andrea Chea Yuen Fong, Keng-Hwee Chiam, Zhao-Xun Liang, Yong-Gui Gao
The bacterial second messenger cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) has emerged as a prominent mediator of bacterial physiology, motility and pathogenicity. Cdi-GMP often regulates the function of its protein targets through a unique mechanism that involves a discrete PilZ adaptor protein. However, the molecular mechanism in c-di-GMP-mediated protein regulation is unclear. Here, we present the structure of the PilZ adaptor protein MapZ co-crystallized in complex with c-di-GMP and its protein target CheR1, a chemotaxis-regulating methyltransferase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa This co-crystal structure, together with the structure of free CheR1, revealed that the binding of c-di-GMP induces dramatic structural changes in MapZ that are crucial for CheR1 binding...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109186/insights-into-biofilm-dispersal-regulation-from-the-crystal-structure-of-the-pas-ggdef-eal-region-of-rbda-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#8
Chong Liu, Chong Wai Liew, Yee Hwa Wong, Siok Thing Tan, Wee Han Poh, Sony M S Manimekalai, Sreekanth Rajan, Lingyi Xin, Zhao-Xun Liang, Gerhard Grüber, Scott A Rice, Julien Lescar
RbdA is a positive Regulator of biofilm dispersal of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Its cytoplasmic region (cRbdA) comprises a N-terminal PAS domain followed by a diguanylate cyclase (GGDEF) and an EAL domain, whose phosphodiesterase activity is allosterically stimulated by GTP binding to the GGDEF domain. We report crystal structures of cRbdA and of two binary complexes: with GTP/Mg(2+) bound to the GGDEF active site and with the EAL domain bound to the c-di-GMP substrate. These structures unveil a 2-fold symmetric dimer, stabilized by a closely packed N-terminal PAS domain and a non-canonical EAL dimer...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091392/thiol-benzo-triazolo-quinazolinone-covalently-modifies-alg44-to-inhibit-c-di-gmp-binding-and-reduces-alginate-production-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#9
Eric Zhou, Anna B Seminara, Soo-Kyoung Kim, Cherisse L Hall, Yan Wang, Vincent T Lee
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that affects a large proportion of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. CF patients have dehydrated mucus within the airways that leads to the inability of the mucociliary escalator to expel inhaled microbes. Once inhaled, P. aeruginosa can persist in the lungs of the CF patients for the remainder of their lives. During this chronic infection, a phenomenon called mucoid conversion can occur in which P. aeruginosa can mutate and inactivate their mucA gene. As a consequence, transcription of the alg operon is highly expressed leading to the copious secretion of the alginate exopolysaccharide, which is associated with decreased lung function and increased CF patient morbidity and mortality...
November 1, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091032/cyclic-di-gmp-differentially-tunes-a-bacterial-flagellar-motor-through-a-novel-class-of-chey-like-regulators
#10
Jutta Nesper, Isabelle Hug, Setsu Kato, Chee-Seng Hee, Judith Maria Habazettl, Pablo Manfredi, Stephan Grzesiek, Tilman Schirmer, Thierry Emonet, Urs Jenal
The flagellar motor is a sophisticated rotary machine facilitating locomotion and signal transduction. Owing to its important role in bacterial behavior, its assembly and activity are tightly regulated. For example, chemotaxis relies on a sensory pathway coupling chemical information to rotational bias of the motor through phosphorylation of the motor switch protein CheY. Using a chemical proteomics approach, we identified a novel family of CheY-like (Cle) proteins in Caulobacter crescentus, which tune flagellar activity in response to binding of the second messenger c-di-GMP to a C-terminal extension...
November 1, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090193/reduced-intracellular-c-di-gmp-content-increases-expression-of-quorum-sensing-regulated-genes-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#11
Song Lin Chua, Yang Liu, Yingying Li, Hui Jun Ting, Gurjeet S Kohli, Zhao Cai, Pipob Suwanchaikasem, Kelvin Kau Kit Goh, Sean Pin Ng, Tim Tolker-Nielsen, Liang Yang, Michael Givskov
Cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP) is an intracellular secondary messenger which controls the biofilm life cycle in many bacterial species. High intracellular c-di-GMP content enhances biofilm formation via the reduction of motility and production of biofilm matrix, while low c-di-GMP content in biofilm cells leads to increased motility and biofilm dispersal. While the effect of high c-di-GMP levels on bacterial lifestyles is well studied, the physiology of cells at low c-di-GMP levels remains unclear. Here, we showed that Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells with high and low intracellular c-di-GMP contents possessed distinct transcriptome profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068284/the-agrobacterium-tumefaciens-chey-like-protein-clar-regulates-biofilm-formation
#12
Nathan Feirer, DohHyun Kim, Jing Xu, Nico Fernandez, Christopher M Waters, Clay Fuqua
The switch from a motile, planktonic existence to an attached biofilm is a major bacterial lifestyle transition that is often mediated by complex regulatory pathways. In this report, we describe a CheY-like protein required for control of the motile-to-sessile switch in the plant pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens. This regulator, which we have designated ClaR, possesses two distinct CheY-like receiver (REC) domains and is involved in the negative regulation of biofilm formation, through production of the unipolar polysaccharide (UPP) adhesin and cellulose...
October 25, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063141/cmpx-affects-virulence-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-through-the-gac-rsm-signaling-pathway-and-by-modulating-c-di-gmp-levels
#13
Anjali Y Bhagirath, Deepti Somayajula, Yanqi Li, Kangmin Duan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an ubiquitous organism which is able to infect and colonize many types of hosts including humans. Colonization of P. aeruginosa in chronic infections leads to the formation of biofilms, which are difficult to eradicate. P. aeruginosa is capable of regulating its virulence factors in response to external environment triggers and its signaling mechanism involves two-component regulatory systems and small molecules such as bis-(3'-5')-cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate. PA1611-RetS-GacS/A-RsmA/Y/Z is a key regulatory pathway in P...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Membrane Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056046/synthesis-of-all-possible-canonical-3-5-linked-cyclic-dinucleotides-and-evaluation-of-riboswitch-interactions-and-immune-stimulatory-effects
#14
Changhao Wang, Malte Sinn, Julia Stifel, Anna C Heiler, Annette Sommershof, Jörg S Hartig
The cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs) c-di-GMP, c-di-AMP, and c-AMP-GMP are widely utilized as second messengers in bacteria, where they signal lifestyle changes such as motility and biofilm formation, cell wall and membrane homeostasis, virulence, and exo-electrogenesis. For all known bacterial CDNs, specific riboswitches have been identified that alter gene expression in response to the second messengers. In addition, bacterial CDNs trigger potent immune responses, making them attractive as adjuvants in immune therapies...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053252/optogenetics-manipulation-enables-to-prevent-biofilm-formation-of-engineered-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-on-surfaces
#15
Lu Pu, Shuai Yang, Aiguo Xia, Fan Jin
Synthetic biologists have attempted to solve real-world problems, such as those of bacterial biofilms, that are involved in the pathogenesis of many clinical infections and difficult to eliminate. To address this, we employed a blue light responding system and integrated it into the chromosomes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. With making rational adaption and improvement of the light-activated system, we provided a robust and convenient means to spatiotemporally control gene expression and manipulate biological processes with minimal perturbation in P...
October 20, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050666/the-contribution-of-bacteriophages-to-the-biology-and-virulence-of-pathogenic-clostridia
#16
Louis-Charles Fortier
Bacteriophages are key players in the evolution of most bacteria. Temperate phages have been associated with virulence of some of the deadliest pathogenic bacteria. Among the most notorious cases, the genes encoding the botulinum neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum types C and D and the α-toxin (TcnA) produced by Clostridium novyi are both encoded within prophage genomes. Clostridium difficile is another important human pathogen and the recent identification of a complete binary toxin locus (CdtLoc) carried on a C...
2017: Advances in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038053/flagellar-motility-extracellular-proteases-and-vibrio-cholerae-detachment-from-abiotic-and-biotic-surfaces
#17
Loree Mewborn, Jorge A Benitez, Anisia J Silva
Vibrio cholerae of serogroups O1 and O139, the causative agent of Asiatic cholera, continues to be a major global health threat. This pathogen utilizes substratum-specific pili to attach to distinct surfaces in the aquatic environment and the human small intestine and detaches when conditions become unfavorable. Both attachment and detachment are critical to bacterial environmental survival, pathogenesis and disease transmission. However, the factors that promote detachment are less understood. In this study, we examine the role of flagellar motility and hemagglutinin/protease (HapA) in vibrio detachment from a non-degradable abiotic surface and from the suckling mouse intestine...
October 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018125/more-than-enzymes-that-make-or-break-cyclic-di-gmp-local-signaling-in-the-interactome-of-ggdef-eal-domain-proteins-of-escherichia-coli
#18
Olga Sarenko, Gisela Klauck, Franziska M Wilke, Vanessa Pfiffer, Anja M Richter, Susanne Herbst, Volkhard Kaever, Regine Hengge
The bacterial second messenger bis-(3'-5')-cyclic diguanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) ubiquitously promotes bacterial biofilm formation. Intracellular pools of c-di-GMP seem to be dynamically negotiated by diguanylate cyclases (DGCs, with GGDEF domains) and specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs, with EAL or HD-GYP domains). Most bacterial species possess multiple DGCs and PDEs, often with surprisingly distinct and specific output functions. One explanation for such specificity is "local" c-di-GMP signaling, which is believed to involve direct interactions between specific DGC/PDE pairs and c-di-GMP-binding effector/target systems...
October 10, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990312/cyclic-di-gmp-regulation-of-virulence-in-bacterial-pathogens
#19
REVIEW
Cherisse L Hall, Vincent T Lee
Signaling pathways allow bacteria to adapt to changing environments. For pathogenic bacteria, signaling pathways allow for timely expression of virulence factors and the repression of antivirulence factors within the mammalian host. As the bacteria exit the mammalian host, signaling pathways enable the expression of factors promoting survival in the environment and/or nonmammalian hosts. One such signaling pathway uses the dinucleotide cyclic-di-GMP (c-di-GMP), and many bacterial genomes encode numerous proteins that are responsible for synthesizing and degrading c-di-GMP...
October 8, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971863/susceptibility-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-dispersed-cells-to-antimicrobial-agents-is-dependent-on-the-dispersion-cue-and-class-of-antimicrobial-agent-used
#20
Jacob R Chambers, Kathryn E Cherny, Karin Sauer
The biofilm lifecycle is characterized by the transition of planktonic cells exhibiting high susceptibly to antimicrobial agents to a biofilm mode of growth characterized by high tolerance to antimicrobials, followed by dispersion of cells from the biofilm back into the environment. Dispersed cells, however, are not identical to planktonic cells but have been characterized as having a unique transitionary phenotype relative to biofilm and planktonic cells, with dispersed cells attaching in a manner similar to exponential phase cells, but demonstrating gene expression patterns that are distinct from both exponential and stationary phase planktonic cells...
October 2, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
keyword
keyword
11358
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"