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Acetylcholine angiogenesis

Man Ying, Changyou Zhan, Songli Wang, Bingxin Yao, Xuefeng Hu, Xianfei Song, Mingfei Zhang, Xiaoli Wei, Yan Xiong, Weiyue Lu
As the most aggressive brain tumor, chemotherapy of malignant glioma remains to be extremely challenging in clinic. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-brain tumor barrier (BBTB) are physiological and pathological barriers preventing therapeutic drugs from reaching the glioma region. In addition, vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formed by invasive glioma cells instead of endothelial cells and angiogenesis are very common in glioma, leading to the poor prognosis and recurrence of glioma. An ideal drug delivery system for glioma chemotherapy needs to traverse the BBB and BBTB and then target VM, angiogenesis, and glioma cells...
November 9, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shino Oikawa, Yuko Kai, Masayuki Tsuda, Hisayuki Ohata, Asuka Mano, Naoko Mizoguchi, Shuei Sugama, Takahiro Nemoto, Kenji Suzuki, Atsushi Kurabayashi, Kazuyo Muramoto, Makoto Kaneda, Yoshihiko Kakinuma
We previously developed cardiac ventricle-specific choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) gene-overexpressing transgenic mice (ChAT tgm), i.e. an in vivo model of the cardiac non-neuronal acetylcholine (NNA) system or non-neuronal cardiac cholinergic system (NNCCS). By using this murine model, we determined that this system was responsible for characteristics of resistance to ischaemia, or hypoxia, via the modulation of cellular energy metabolism and angiogenesis. In line with our previous study, neuronal ChAT-immunoreactivity in the ChAT tgm brains was not altered from that in the wild-type (WT) mice brains; in contrast, the ChAT tgm hearts were the organs with the highest expression of the ChAT transgene...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Samuel Legeay, Nicolas Clere, Grégory Hilairet, Quoc-Tuan Do, Philippe Bernard, Jean-François Quignard, Véronique Apaire-Marchais, Bruno Lapied, Sébastien Faure
The insect repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) has been reported to inhibit AChE (acetylcholinesterase) and to possess potential carcinogenic properties with excessive vascularization. In the present paper, we demonstrate that DEET specifically stimulates endothelial cells that promote angiogenesis which increases tumor growth. DEET activates cellular processes that lead to angiogenesis including proliferation, migration and adhesion. This is associated with an enhancement of NO production and VEGF expression in endothelial cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
JongUn Lee, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized by a family of NO synthases (NOS), including neuronal, inducible, and endothelial NOS (n/i/eNOS). NO-mediated effects can be beneficial or harmful depending on the specific risk factors affecting the disease. In hypertension, the vascular relaxation response to acetylcholine is blunted, and that to direct NO donors is maintained. A reduction in the activity of eNOS is mainly responsible for the elevation of blood pressure, and an abnormal expression of iNOS is likely to be related to the progression of vascular dysfunction...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
Courtney Schaal, Srikumar Chellappan
Cigarette smoking is the major risk factor for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which accounts for 80% of all lung cancers. Nicotine, the addictive component of tobacco smoke, can induce proliferation, migration, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis, and survival in NSCLC cell lines, as well as growth and metastasis of NSCLC in mice. This nicotine-mediated tumor progression is facilitated through activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), specifically the α7 subunit; however, how the α7 nAChR gene is regulated in lung adenocarcinoma is not fully clear...
2016: PloS One
Yuri Azuma, Yoko Miwa, Iwao Sato
Neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a mediator of inflammation and head pain that influences the functional vascular blood supply. The CGRP also regulate myoblast and acetylcholine receptors on neuromuscular junctions in development. However, little is known about its appearance and location during mouse masseter muscle (MM) development. We detected the mRNA abundance of CGRP, vascular genesis markers (Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), PECAM (CD31), lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1)) and embryonic and adult myosin heavy chain (MyHCs) (embryonic, IIa, IIb, and IIx) using real-time RT-PCR during development from the embryonic stage to after birth (E12...
July 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Chun-Chieh Liu, Hung-I Yeh
UNLABELLED: Chronic cigarette smoking is well-known to damage vascular endothelium, which initiates atherosclerosis by first manifesting as endothelial dysfunction and later progressing to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Nicotine, a major component of tobacco smoke, is traditionally thought to be responsible for increased cardiovascular events through stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, increased myocardial metabolic demand, impaired lipid metabolism, and activated platelet function...
March 2014: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Satoshi Yoshino, Rebecca Cilluffo, Megha Prasad, Patricia J M Best, Elizabeth J Atkinson, Tatsuo Aoki, Julie M Cunningham, Mariza de Andrade, Lilach O Lerman, Amir Lerman
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is an early stage of atherosclerosis. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with vascular dysfunction, cardiac events, and coronary artery remodeling. We aimed to detect SNPs associated with endothelial dysfunction and determine whether these associations are sex specific. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six hundred forty-three subjects without significant obstructive coronary artery disease underwent invasive coronary endothelial function assessment...
April 18, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Rafał Czyżykowski, Joanna Połowinczak-Przybyłek, Piotr Potemski
Cigarette smoking is the leading risk factor of lung cancer. Data from several clinical studies suggest that continuation of smoking during therapy of tobacco-related cancers is associated with lower response rates to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, and even with decreased survival. Although nicotine--an addictive component of tobacco--is not a carcinogen, it may influence cancer development and progression or effectiveness of anti-cancer therapy. Several in vitro and in vivo trials have evaluated the influence of nicotine on lung cancer cells...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Vanessa Mucchietto, Arianna Crespi, Francesca Fasoli, Francesco Clementi, Cecilia Gotti
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Smoking accounts for approximately 70% of the cases of non- small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 90% of the cases of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), although some patients develop lung cancer without a history of smoking. Nicotine is the most active addictive component of tobacco smoke. It does not initiate tumorigenesis in humans and rodents, but it alters the pathophysiology of lung cells by inducing the secretion of growth factors, neurotransmitters and cytokines, and promotes tumour growth and metastases by inducing cell cycle progression, migration, invasion, angiogenesis and the evasion of apoptosis...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Rajesh Katare, Shruti Rawal, Pujika Emani Munasinghe, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Tadakatsu Inagaki, Yutaka Fujii, Parul Dixit, Keiji Umetani, Kenji Kangawa, Mikiyasu Shirai, Daryl O Schwenke
Current therapeutic strategies for the treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI) have only limited success. Recent in vitro evidence in the literature, using cell lines, proposes that the peptide hormone ghrelin may have angiogenic properties. In this study, we aim to investigate if ghrelin could promote postischemic angiogenesis in a mouse model of CLI and, further, identify the mechanistic pathway(s) that underpin ghrelin's proangiogenic properties. CLI was induced in male CD1 mice by femoral artery ligation...
February 2016: Endocrinology
Soojin Hwang, Hyeon-Ju Lee, Gyungah Kim, Kyung-Jong Won, Yoon Shin Park, Inho Jo
Although CCN1 (also known as cysteine-rich, angiogenic inducer 61, CYR61) has been reported to promote angiogenesis and neovascularization in endothelial cells (ECs), its effects on endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production have never been studied. Using human umbilical vein ECs, we investigated whether and how CCN1 regulates NO production. CCN1 acutely increased NO production in a time- and dose-dependent manner, which was accompanied by increased phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) at serine 1177 (eNOS-Ser(1177)), but not that of eNOS-Thr(495) or eNOS-Ser(114)...
December 2015: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Shashi P Singh, Hitendra S Chand, Sravanthi Gundavarapu, Ali Imran Saeed, Raymond J Langley, Yohannes Tesfaigzi, Neerad C Mishra, Mohan L Sopori
RATIONALE: Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and, in mice, gestational exposure to sidestream cigarette smoke (SS) induces BPD-like condition characterized by alveolar simplification, impaired angiogenesis, and suppressed surfactant protein production. Normal fetal development occurs in a hypoxic environment and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) regulate the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α that controls apoptosis and angiogenesis...
2015: PloS One
Lucas Felipe de Oliveira, Thalles Ramos Almeida, Marcus Paulo Ribeiro Machado, Marilia Beatriz Cuba, Angélica Cristina Alves, Marcos Vinícius da Silva, Virmondes Rodrigues Júnior, Valdo José Dias da Silva
Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH), a clinical syndrome characterized by persistent elevation of arterial pressure, is often associated with abnormalities such as microvascular rarefaction, defective angiogenesis, and endothelial dysfunction. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which normally induce angiogenesis and improve endothelial function, are defective in SAH. The central aim of this study was to evaluate whether priming of MSCs with endothelial growth medium (EGM-2) increases their therapeutic effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs)...
2015: Stem Cells International
Courtney Schaal, Jaya Padmanabhan, Srikumar Chellappan
Pancreatic cancer shows a strong correlation with smoking and the current therapeutic strategies have been relatively ineffective in improving the survival of patients. Efforts have been made over the past many years to understand the molecular events that drive the initiation and progression of pancreatic cancer, especially in the context of smoking. It has become clear that components of tobacco smoke not only initiate these cancers, especially pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs) through their mutagenic properties, but can also promote the growth and metastasis of these tumors by stimulating cell proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition...
2015: Cancers
Marta Słoniecka, Sandrine Le Roux, Peter Boman, Berit Byström, Qingjun Zhou, Patrik Danielson
Keratocytes, the quiescent cells of the corneal stroma, play a crucial role in corneal wound healing. Neuropeptides and neurotransmitters are usually associated with neuronal signaling, but have recently been shown to be produced also by non-neuronal cells and to be involved in many cellular processes. The aim of this study was to assess the endogenous intracellular and secreted levels of the neuropeptides substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA), and of the neurotransmitters acetylcholine (ACh), catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine), and glutamate, as well as the expression profiles of their receptors, in human primary keratocytes in vitro and in keratocytes of human corneal tissue sections in situ...
2015: PloS One
Anna M J Thijs, Carla M L van Herpen, Vivienne Verweij, Jeanne Pertijs, Petra H H van den Broek, Winette T A van der Graaf, Gerard A Rongen
BACKGROUND: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting angiogenesis have become an important part of the treatment of patients with several types of cancer. One of the most reported side effects of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-targeted therapies is hypertension. In this study, we hypothesized that the development of hypertension in patients treated with sunitinib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is preceded by reduced endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Moreover, we hypothesized that this endothelial dysfunction is a result of impaired nitric oxide release...
October 2015: Journal of Hypertension
Siobhan M Craige, Shashi Kant, John F Keaney
Endothelial function is largely dictated by its ability to rapidly sense environmental cues and adapt to these stimuli through changes in vascular tone, inflammation/immune recruitment, and angiogenesis. When any one of these abilities is compromised, the endothelium becomes dysfunctional, which ultimately leads to disease. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been established at the forefront of endothelial dysfunction; however, more careful examination has demonstrated that ROS are fundamental to each of the sensing/signaling roles of the endothelium...
2015: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Massimiliano Migliori, Vincenzo Cantaluppi, Claudio Mannari, Alberto A E Bertelli, Davide Medica, Alessandro Domenico Quercia, Victor Navarro, Alessia Scatena, Luca Giovannini, Luigi Biancone, Vincenzo Panichi
INTRODUCTION: Several studies demonstrated that endothelium dependent vasodilatation is impaired in cardiovascular and chronic kidney diseases because of oxidant stress-induced nitric oxide availability reduction. The Mediterranean diet, which is characterized by food containing phenols, was correlated with a reduced incidence of cardiovascular diseases and delayed progression toward end stage chronic renal failure. Previous studies demonstrated that both red and white wine exert cardioprotective effects...
2015: PloS One
Akihiko Uchiyama, Kazuya Yamada, Buddhini Perera, Sachiko Ogino, Yoko Yokoyama, Yuko Takeuchi, Osamu Ishikawa, Sei-Ichiro Motegi
Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) blocks the release of acetylcholine vesicles into the synaptic space, and has been clinically used for aesthetic indications, neuromuscular disorders and hyperhidrosis. Several studies have demonstrated that BTX-A enhanced the blood flow and improved ischemia in animal models. Our objective was to assess the effects of BTX-A on cutaneous ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injuries, mimicking decubitus ulcers. The administration of BTX-A in I/R areas significantly inhibited the formation of decubitus-like ulcer in cutaneous I/R injury mouse model...
March 13, 2015: Scientific Reports
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