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Acetylcholine angiogenesis

Guo-Qiang Yuan, Song Gao, Yong-Jian Geng, Yao-Ping Tang, Min-Juan Zheng, Harnath S Shelat, Scott Collins, Han-Jing Wu, Yi-Ling Wu
Background: Our previous studies have shown that Tongxinluo (TXL), a compound Chinese medicine, can decrease myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, protect capillary endothelium function, and lessen cardiac ventricle reconstitution in animal models. The aim of this study was to illuminate whether TXL can improve hypercholesterolemia-impaired heart function by protecting artery endothelial function and increasing microvascular density (MVD) in heart. Furthermore, we will explore the underlying molecular mechanism of TXL cardiovascular protection...
March 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Francesco Moccia
Intracellular Ca2+ signaling drives angiogenesis and vasculogenesis by stimulating proliferation, migration, and tube formation in both vascular endothelial cells and endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs), which represent the only endothelial precursor truly belonging to the endothelial phenotype. In addition, local Ca2+ signals at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria interface regulate endothelial cell fate by stimulating survival or apoptosis depending on the extent of the mitochondrial Ca2+ increase...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jiao-Yong Li, Shu-Kun Jiang, Lin-Lin Wang, Meng-Zhou Zhang, Shuai Wang, Zhen-Fei Jiang, Yu-Li Liu, Hao Cheng, Miao Zhang, Rui Zhao, Da-Wei Guan
The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7-nAChR) is associated with inflammation, re-epithelialization, and angiogenesis in wound healing process. A recent study demonstrated that PNU-282987, a selective agonist of α7-nAChR, accelerates the repair of diabetic excisional wounds. Whether α7-nAChR activation promotes non-diabetic wounds healing is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of α7-nAChR activation on non-diabetic wound healing. The effects were evaluated in two wound models...
December 1, 2017: Inflammation
Borisz Varga, Ákos Csonka, Andrea Csonka, Joseph Molnár, Leonard Amaral, Gabriella Spengler
Phenothiazines have been used in many areas of medicine, mainly in psychopharmacology. These compounds are able to effectively inhibit dopamine, histamine, serotonin, acetylcholine, and α-adrenergic receptors; thus, their effect and side-effect profiles are extremely diverse. Besides their antipsychotic activity, phenothiazines have a significant antimicrobial effect as well, since they can enhance the bactericidal function of macrophages and inhibit efflux pumps. They are also able to eliminate bacterial resistance plasmids and destroy bacteria by their membrane-destabilizing effect...
November 2017: Anticancer Research
Ellen Boswijk, Matthias Bauwens, Felix M Mottaghy, Joachim E Wildberger, Jan Bucerius
Atherosclerotic events are usually acute and often strike otherwise asymptomatic patients. Although multiple clinical risk factors have been associated with atherosclerosis, as of yet no further individual prediction can be made as to who will suffer from its consequences based on biomarker analysis or traditional imaging methods like CT, MRI or angiography. Previously, non-invasive imaging with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET was shown to potentially fill this niche as it offers high sensitive detection of metabolic processes associated with inflammatory changes in atherosclerotic plaques...
November 1, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Jiang He, Tao Liao, Guo-Xin Zhong, Ji-Da Zhang, Yan-Ping Chen, Qi Wang, Qing-Ping Zeng
The etiological initiators of neuroinflammation remain inclusive, and effective interventions to block neurodegeneration are unavailable. Surprisingly, we found collagen II-combined complete Freund's adjuvant (CC) that usually induces rheumatoid arthritis (RA) also drives Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like neurodegeneration in mice. CC not only upregulates the cerebral pro-inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 8 (IL-8), but also downregulates the cerebral interleukin 10 (IL-10), an anti-inflammatory cytokine, and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), a rate-limiting enzyme for biosynthesis of the anti-inflammatory neurotransmitter dopamine...
April 17, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
Laleh Dehghani Tafti, Seyyed Mahyar Shariatpanahi, Mahmoud Mahdavi Damghani, Behjat Javadi
Drug delivery across the skin is used for several millennia to ease gastrointestinal (GI) ailments in Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM). TPM topical remedies are generally being applied on the stomach, lower abdomen, lower back and liver to alleviate GI illnesses such as dyspepsia, gastritis, GI ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal worms and infections. The aim of the present study is to survey the topical GI remedies and plant species used as ingredients for these remedies in TPM. In addition, pharmacological activities of the mentioned plants have been discussed...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Shashi P Singh, Hitendra S Chand, Raymond J Langley, Neerad Mishra, Ted Barrett, Karin Rudolph, Carmen Tellez, Piotr T Filipczak, Steve Belinsky, Ali I Saeed, Aryaz Sheybani, Vernat Exil, Hemant Agarwal, Venkataramana K Sidhaye, Thomas Sussan, Shyam Biswal, Mohan Sopori
Embryonic development is highly sensitive to xenobiotic toxicity and in utero exposure to environmental toxins affects physiological responses of the progeny. In the United States, the prevalence of allergic asthma (AA) is inexplicably rising and in utero exposure to cigarette smoke increases the risk of AA and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in children and animal models. We reported that gestational exposure to sidestream cigarette smoke (SS), or secondhand smoke, promoted nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-dependent exacerbation of AA and BPD in mice...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Man Ying, Changyou Zhan, Songli Wang, Bingxin Yao, Xuefeng Hu, Xianfei Song, Mingfei Zhang, Xiaoli Wei, Yan Xiong, Weiyue Lu
As the most aggressive brain tumor, chemotherapy of malignant glioma remains to be extremely challenging in clinic. The blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-brain tumor barrier (BBTB) are physiological and pathological barriers preventing therapeutic drugs from reaching the glioma region. In addition, vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formed by invasive glioma cells instead of endothelial cells and angiogenesis are very common in glioma, leading to the poor prognosis and recurrence of glioma. An ideal drug delivery system for glioma chemotherapy needs to traverse the BBB and BBTB and then target VM, angiogenesis, and glioma cells...
November 9, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shino Oikawa, Yuko Kai, Masayuki Tsuda, Hisayuki Ohata, Asuka Mano, Naoko Mizoguchi, Shuei Sugama, Takahiro Nemoto, Kenji Suzuki, Atsushi Kurabayashi, Kazuyo Muramoto, Makoto Kaneda, Yoshihiko Kakinuma
We previously developed cardiac ventricle-specific choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) gene-overexpressing transgenic mice (ChAT tgm), i.e. an in vivo model of the cardiac non-neuronal acetylcholine (NNA) system or non-neuronal cardiac cholinergic system (NNCCS). By using this murine model, we determined that this system was responsible for characteristics of resistance to ischaemia, or hypoxia, via the modulation of cellular energy metabolism and angiogenesis. In line with our previous study, neuronal ChAT-immunoreactivity in the ChAT tgm brains was not altered from that in the wild-type (WT) mice brains; in contrast, the ChAT tgm hearts were the organs with the highest expression of the ChAT transgene...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Samuel Legeay, Nicolas Clere, Grégory Hilairet, Quoc-Tuan Do, Philippe Bernard, Jean-François Quignard, Véronique Apaire-Marchais, Bruno Lapied, Sébastien Faure
The insect repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) has been reported to inhibit AChE (acetylcholinesterase) and to possess potential carcinogenic properties with excessive vascularization. In the present paper, we demonstrate that DEET specifically stimulates endothelial cells that promote angiogenesis which increases tumor growth. DEET activates cellular processes that lead to angiogenesis including proliferation, migration and adhesion. This is associated with an enhancement of NO production and VEGF expression in endothelial cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
JongUn Lee, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized by a family of NO synthases (NOS), including neuronal, inducible, and endothelial NOS (n/i/eNOS). NO-mediated effects can be beneficial or harmful depending on the specific risk factors affecting the disease. In hypertension, the vascular relaxation response to acetylcholine is blunted, and that to direct NO donors is maintained. A reduction in the activity of eNOS is mainly responsible for the elevation of blood pressure, and an abnormal expression of iNOS is likely to be related to the progression of vascular dysfunction...
May 2016: Chonnam Medical Journal
Courtney Schaal, Srikumar Chellappan
Cigarette smoking is the major risk factor for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which accounts for 80% of all lung cancers. Nicotine, the addictive component of tobacco smoke, can induce proliferation, migration, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis, and survival in NSCLC cell lines, as well as growth and metastasis of NSCLC in mice. This nicotine-mediated tumor progression is facilitated through activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), specifically the α7 subunit; however, how the α7 nAChR gene is regulated in lung adenocarcinoma is not fully clear...
2016: PloS One
Yuri Azuma, Yoko Miwa, Iwao Sato
Neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a mediator of inflammation and head pain that influences the functional vascular blood supply. The CGRP also regulate myoblast and acetylcholine receptors on neuromuscular junctions in development. However, little is known about its appearance and location during mouse masseter muscle (MM) development. We detected the mRNA abundance of CGRP, vascular genesis markers (Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), PECAM (CD31), lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1)) and embryonic and adult myosin heavy chain (MyHCs) (embryonic, IIa, IIb, and IIx) using real-time RT-PCR during development from the embryonic stage to after birth (E12...
July 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Chun-Chieh Liu, Hung-I Yeh
UNLABELLED: Chronic cigarette smoking is well-known to damage vascular endothelium, which initiates atherosclerosis by first manifesting as endothelial dysfunction and later progressing to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Nicotine, a major component of tobacco smoke, is traditionally thought to be responsible for increased cardiovascular events through stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, increased myocardial metabolic demand, impaired lipid metabolism, and activated platelet function...
March 2014: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
Satoshi Yoshino, Rebecca Cilluffo, Megha Prasad, Patricia J M Best, Elizabeth J Atkinson, Tatsuo Aoki, Julie M Cunningham, Mariza de Andrade, Lilach O Lerman, Amir Lerman
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is an early stage of atherosclerosis. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with vascular dysfunction, cardiac events, and coronary artery remodeling. We aimed to detect SNPs associated with endothelial dysfunction and determine whether these associations are sex specific. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six hundred forty-three subjects without significant obstructive coronary artery disease underwent invasive coronary endothelial function assessment...
April 18, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Rafał Czyżykowski, Joanna Połowinczak-Przybyłek, Piotr Potemski
Cigarette smoking is the leading risk factor of lung cancer. Data from several clinical studies suggest that continuation of smoking during therapy of tobacco-related cancers is associated with lower response rates to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, and even with decreased survival. Although nicotine--an addictive component of tobacco--is not a carcinogen, it may influence cancer development and progression or effectiveness of anti-cancer therapy. Several in vitro and in vivo trials have evaluated the influence of nicotine on lung cancer cells...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Vanessa Mucchietto, Arianna Crespi, Francesca Fasoli, Francesco Clementi, Cecilia Gotti
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Smoking accounts for approximately 70% of the cases of non- small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and 90% of the cases of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), although some patients develop lung cancer without a history of smoking. Nicotine is the most active addictive component of tobacco smoke. It does not initiate tumorigenesis in humans and rodents, but it alters the pathophysiology of lung cells by inducing the secretion of growth factors, neurotransmitters and cytokines, and promotes tumour growth and metastases by inducing cell cycle progression, migration, invasion, angiogenesis and the evasion of apoptosis...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Rajesh Katare, Shruti Rawal, Pujika Emani Munasinghe, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Tadakatsu Inagaki, Yutaka Fujii, Parul Dixit, Keiji Umetani, Kenji Kangawa, Mikiyasu Shirai, Daryl O Schwenke
Current therapeutic strategies for the treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI) have only limited success. Recent in vitro evidence in the literature, using cell lines, proposes that the peptide hormone ghrelin may have angiogenic properties. In this study, we aim to investigate if ghrelin could promote postischemic angiogenesis in a mouse model of CLI and, further, identify the mechanistic pathway(s) that underpin ghrelin's proangiogenic properties. CLI was induced in male CD1 mice by femoral artery ligation...
February 2016: Endocrinology
Soojin Hwang, Hyeon-Ju Lee, Gyungah Kim, Kyung-Jong Won, Yoon Shin Park, Inho Jo
Although CCN1 (also known as cysteine-rich, angiogenic inducer 61, CYR61) has been reported to promote angiogenesis and neovascularization in endothelial cells (ECs), its effects on endothelial nitric oxide (NO) production have never been studied. Using human umbilical vein ECs, we investigated whether and how CCN1 regulates NO production. CCN1 acutely increased NO production in a time- and dose-dependent manner, which was accompanied by increased phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) at serine 1177 (eNOS-Ser(1177)), but not that of eNOS-Thr(495) or eNOS-Ser(114)...
December 2015: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
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