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Fernando U Rojas-Rojas, David López-Sánchez, Georgina Meza-Radilla, Ausel Méndez-Canarios, J Antonio Ibarra, Paulina Estrada-de Los Santos
The Burkholderia cepacia complex is a group of 22 species, which are known as opportunistic pathogens in immunocompromised people, especially those suffering from cystic fibrosis. It is also found in nosocomial infections and is difficult to eradicate due to intrinsic resistance to several antibiotics. The species have large genomes (up to 9 Mbp), distributed into 2-5 replicons. These features significantly contribute to genome plasticity, which makes them thrive in different environments like soil, water, plants or even producing nodules in legume plants...
April 21, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Chen Hanna, Fang Qian, Tu Qiang, Liu Chenlang, Yin Jia, Yin Yulong, Xia Liqiu, Bian Xiaoying, Zhang Youming
Contact-dependent growth inhibition (CDI) is a type of competitive mechanisms, and has been identified in various strains including Burkholderia, Dickeya, E. coli, and Yersinia. Classical CDI systems contain three genes, cdiB, cdiA and cdiI. CdiB encoded by cdiB gene is a conserved β-barrel protein and required for export of CdiA. CdiA protein encoded by cdiA gene includes a conserved N-terminal domain, and variable C-terminal toxic domain (CdiA-CT). Immunity protein CdiI binds and inactivates toxin protein CdiA-CT...
April 23, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Waheed Ullah Khan, Nasim Ahmad Yasin, Sajid Rashid Ahmad, Aamir Ali, Aqeel Ahmad, Waheed Akram, Muhammad Faisal
The current study was performed to assess the effect of Burkholderia cepacia CS8 on the phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) by Catharanthus roseus grown in Cd-contaminated soil. The plants cultivated in Cd amended soil showed reduced growth, dry mass, gas-exchange capacity, and chlorophyll contents. Furthermore, the plants exhibited elevated levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) under Cd stress. The bacterized plants showed higher shoot length, root length; fresh and dry weight. The improved stress tolerance in inoculated plants was attributed to the reduced quantity of MDA and H2 O2 , enhanced synthesis of protein, proline, phenols, flavonoids, and improved activity of antioxidant enzymes including peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, ascorbate peroxidase, and catalase...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Ana C D Pfluck, Dragana P C de Barros, Luís P Fonseca, Eduardo P Melo
The exploitation of an efficient enzymatic system to perform biopolymers synthesis, namely polyesters from dicarboxylic acids and dialcohols, requires the evaluation of the enzyme operational stability. This becomes particularly relevant when non-conventional media, such as miniemulsions, are used due to the inhomogeneity of the reaction media and presence of surfactants and high concentrations of organic compounds which might be deleterious to the structure-function of the enzyme. The stability of three lipases, Candida sp...
July 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Ana C Borsanelli, David F Lappin, Lorenzo Viora, David Bennett, Iveraldo S Dutra, Bernd W Brandt, Marcello P Riggio
Periodontitis is an infectious polymicrobial, immuno-inflammatory disease of multifactorial aetiology that has an impact on the health, production and welfare of ruminants. The objective of the present study was to determine the microbial profiles present in the gingival sulcus of cattle considered periodontally healthy and in the periodontal pocket of animals with periodontitis lesions using high-throughput bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Subgingival biofilm samples were collected from 40 cattle with periodontitis and 38 periodontally healthy animals...
May 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Charles H D Williamson, David M Wagner, Paul Keim, Jason W Sahl
Background: Diagnostic tools designed to target Burkholderia pseudomallei , the causative agent of melioidosis that was classified as a Tier 1 Select Agent by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, have typically suffered from false-positive and false-negative results because of a lack of understanding of the genomic diversity of B. pseudomallei and its genetic near neighbors. Objective: In this review, we discuss a strategy for using comparative genomics to guide the design of inclusivity and exclusivity panels for the validation of assays as defined by the Standard Method Performance Requirement (SMPR®)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
Eraldo Ferreira Lopes, Josemar Gurgel Da Costa, Ivan Rodrigo Wolf, José Paulo de Araújo Lima, Spartaco Astolfi-Filho
Burkholderia gladioli Coa14 is a bacterium isolated from water collected from Coari Lake (Amazonas, Brazil) that shows a capacity for survival in a medium containing only oil as a carbon source. Here, we report its draft genome sequence, highlighting some genes involved with petroleum derivative degradation.
April 19, 2018: Genome Announcements
Tawatchai Thongkongkaew, Wei Ding, Evgeni Bratovanov, Emilia Oueis, Maria Garcia-Altares, Nestor Zaburannyi, Kirsten Harmrolfs, Youming Zhang, Kirstin Scherlach, Rolf Müller, Christian Hertweck
Bacterial infections of agriculturally important plants and mushrooms pose a major threat to human food sources worldwide. However, structures of chemical mediators required by the pathogen for host colonization and infection remain elusive in most cases. Here, we report two types of threonine-tagged lipopeptides conserved among mushroom and rice pathogenic Burkholderia species that facilitate bacterial infection of hosts. Genome mining, metabolic profiling of infected mushrooms and heterologous expression of orphan gene clusters allowed the discovery of these unprecedented metabolites in the mushroom pathogen Burkholderia gladioli (haereogladin, burriogladin), and the plant pathogen Burkholderia glumae (haereoglumin, and burrioglumin)...
April 18, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
Anne Leinweber, Michael Weigert, Rolf Kümmerli
Phenotypic plasticity in response to competition is a well-described phenomenon in higher organisms. Here, we show that also bacteria have the ability to sense the presence of competitors and mount fine-tuned responses to match prevailing levels of competition. In our experiments, we studied inter-specific competition for iron between the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) and its competitor Burkholderia cenocepacia (BC). We focused on the ability of PA to phenotypically adjust the production of pyoverdine, an iron-scavenging siderophore...
April 17, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Nobuya Itoh
(-)-vibo-Quercitol is a deoxyinositol (1L-1,2,4/3,5-cyclohexanepentol) that occurs naturally in low concentrations in oak species, honeydew honey, and Gymnema sylvestre. The author's research group recently reported that (-)-vibo-quercitol and scyllo-quercitol (2-deoxy-myo-inositol, 1,3,5/2,4-cyclohexanepentol), a stereoisomer of (-)-vibo-quercitol, are stereoselectively synthesized from 2-deoxy-scyllo-inosose by the reductive reaction of a novel (-)-vibo-quercitol 1-dehydrogenase in Burkholderia terrae and of a known scyllo-inositol dehydrogenase in Bacillus subtilis, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
David Correa-Galeote, Eulogio J Bedmar, Gregorio J Arone
The bacterial endophytic communities residing within roots of maize ( Zea mays L.) plants cultivated by a sustainable management in soils from the Quechua maize belt (Peruvian Andes) were examined using tags pyrosequencing spanning the V4 and V5 hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA. Across four replicate libraries, two corresponding to sequences of endophytic bacteria from long time maize-cultivated soils and the other two obtained from fallow soils, 793 bacterial sequences were found that grouped into 188 bacterial operational taxonomic units (OTUs, 97% genetic similarity)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Michael M Maiden, Alessandra M Agostinho Hunt, Mitchell P Zachos, Jacob A Gibson, Martin E Hurwitz, Martha H Mulks, Christopher M Waters
One of the most important clinical obstacles in cystic fibrosis (CF) is antibiotic treatment failure due to biofilms produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa The ability of this pathogen to survive eradication by tobramycin and pathoadapt into a hyper-biofilm state leading to chronic infections is key to its success. Retrospective studies have demonstrated that preventing this pathoadaptation by improving eradication is essential to extend the lives of CF patients. To identify adjuvants that enhance tobramycin eradication of P...
April 16, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Nurul Iman Mohamad, Azian Harun, Habsah Hasan, Zakuan Zainy Deris
Although doxycycline is active against Burkholderia pseudomallei and has been used in the eradication stage of melioidosis therapy, it is not regularly used during the initial intensive phase. In order to assess its potential use in intensive phase therapy, we investigated in vitro pharmacodynamic activity of doxycycline and β-lactams alone and in combination against four Malaysian strains of B. pseudomallei. Using a checkerboard assay, the combinations of doxycycline and imipenem, doxycycline and ceftazidime, and doxycycline and amoxicillin-clavulanate tested against four strains showed indifferent effects with summation fractional inhibitory concentration values ranging from 0...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Microbiology
Bin Ji, Hui Qin, Shaodong Guo, Wei Chen, Xuechun Zhang, Jiechao Liang
Knowing the microbial compositions in fresh lakes is significant to explore the mechanisms of eutrophication and algal blooms. This study reported on the bacterial communities of the four adjacent fresh lakes at different trophic status by Illumina MiSeq Platform, which were Tangxun Lake (J1), Qingling Lake (J2), Huangjia Lake (J3) and Niushan Lake (J4) in Wuhan, China. J1 had the highest salinity and phosphorus. J2 was abundant in TC (Total Carbon)/TOC (Total Organic Carbon.), calcium and magnesium. J3 had the highest content of nitrogen, iron and pollution of heavy metals...
April 9, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Nadia Riera, Han Wang, Yong Li, Jinyun Li, Kirsten Pelz-Stelinski, Nian Wang
Citrus canker, caused by Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (Xcc), is an important citrus disease that causes significant economic losses worldwide. All commercial citrus varieties are susceptible to citrus canker. Currently, chemical control with copper based products is the main approach to control Xcc dispersal and plant colonization. However, extensive use of copper compounds can result in copper-resistant strains and cause adverse effects on the environment. Alternatives to chemical control involve the activation of citrus immunity to control the disease...
April 12, 2018: Phytopathology
Heeok Hong, Jun-Hyeong Lee, Soo-Ki Kim
Objective: To find biological functions such as antibacterial and antioxidant activities in several tropical plants and to investigate the possibility of antibiotic substitute agents to prevent and treat diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria. Methods: Those plants such as Poncirus trifoliata fruit (Makrut), Zingiber officinale Rosc (Khing), Areca catechu L. (Mak), Solanum melongena L. I (Makkhuayao), and Solanum melongena L. II (Makhurapro) were extracted by methanol, n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol and water...
April 12, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Qianqian Shi, Zhenchuan Mao, Xiaoping Zhang, Jian Ling, Runmao Lin, Xi Zhang, Rui Liu, Yunsheng Wang, Yuhong Yang, Xinyue Cheng, Bingyan Xie
Meloidogyne incognita is highly specialized parasite that interacts with host plants using a range of strategies. The effectors are synthesized in the esophageal glands and secreted into plant cells through a needle-like stylet during parasitism. In this study, based on RNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis, we predicted 110 putative Meloidogyne incognita effectors that contain nuclear localization signals (NLSs). Combining the Burkholderia glumae -pEDV based screening system with subcellular localization, from 20 randomly selected NLS effector candidates, we identified an effector MiISE6 that can effectively suppress B...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Benjamin Clark, Adam Merritt, Tim Inglis, Laurens Manning
Six cases of cutaneous melioidosis from southwestern Australia, a non-endemic region occurred as a result of Burkholderia pseudomallei contamination of normal saline that was used for irrigating superficial wounds. Treatment with parenteral meropenem, given by continuous infusion for 2 weeks, followed by oral antibiotics was successful in all cases.
April 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
Maria Daniela Artigas Ramirez, Jessica Danila Silva, Naoko Ohkama-Ohtsu, Tadashi Yokoyama
Aluminium (Al) toxicity is a major problem affecting soil fertility, microbial diversity, and nutrients uptake of plants. Rhizobia response and legume-interaction under Al conditions are still unknown and it is important to understand how to develop and improve legume cultivation under Al-stress. In this study, rhizobia-response was recorded under different Al-concentrations. Al-effect on rhizobial cells was characterized by combination with different two pH conditions. Symbiosis process was compared between α- and β-rhizobia inoculated onto soybean varieties...
April 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Diego P Peralta, Aymara Y Chang, Angie Ariza-Hutchinson, Catherine A Ho
Burkholderia multivorans is a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Although it is usually associated with infections in patients with cystic fibrosis, chronic granulomatous disease, and immunosuppression, central nervous infections are not commonly reported. Moreover, management of these infections is difficult due to multiple mechanisms of bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents. We report a 55-year-old-man who developed Burkholderia multivorans meningitis after two episodes of central line-associated bloodstream infections...
2018: IDCases
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