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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129189/a-review-of-the-economic-impact-of-mental-illness
#1
Christopher M Doran, Irina Kinchin
Objective To examine the impact and cost associated with mental illness.Methods A rapid review of the literature from Australia, New Zealand, UK and Canada was undertaken. The review included literature pertaining to the cost-of-illness and impact of mental illness as well as any modelling studies. Included studies were categorised according to impact on education, labour force engagement, earlier retirement or welfare dependency. The well-accepted Drummond 10-point economic appraisal checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies...
November 13, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#2
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079413/return-to-the-workforce-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#3
Jawad H Butt, Rasmus Rørth, Kristian Kragholm, Søren L Kristensen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl
BACKGROUND: Returning to the workforce after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) holds important socioeconomic consequences not only for patients, but the society as well. Yet data on this issue are limited. We examined return to the workforce and associated factors in patients of working age undergoing CABG. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Danish nationwide administrative registries, we identified 6031 patients of working age (18-60years) undergoing isolated CABG (1998-2011) who were part of the workforce 30days prior to admission and alive at discharge...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991423/child-health-in-elementary-school-following-california%C3%A2-s-paid-family-leave-program
#4
Shirlee Lichtman-Sadot, Niryvia Pillay Bell
We evaluate changes in elementary school children health outcomes following the introduction of California’s Paid Family Leave (PFL) program, which provided parents with paid time off following the birth of a child. Our health outcomes--overweight, ADHD, and hearing-related problems--are characterized by diagnosis rates that only pick up during early elementary school. Moreover, our health outcomes have been found to be negatively linked with many potential implications of extended maternity leave--increased breastfeeding, prompt medical checkups at infancy, reduced prenatal stress, and reduced non-parental care during infancy...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851412/influence-of-motor-skills-training-on-children-s-development-evaluated-in-the-motor-skills-in-preschool-mips-study-dk-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nested-in-a-cohort-study
#5
Lise Hestbaek, Sarah Thurøe Andersen, Thomas Skovgaard, Line Groenholt Olesen, Mette Elmose, Dorthe Bleses, Simon Calmar Andersen, Henrik Hein Lauridsen
BACKGROUND: Good motor skills are considered important for children's physical, social, and psychological development, but the relationship is still poorly understood. Preschool age seems to be decisive for the development of motor skills and probably the most promising time-window in relation to preventive strategies based on improved motor skills. This research program has four overall aims: (1) investigation of the effect of a structured program aimed at improving motor skills in 3-6-year-old children on current and future motor skills, health, cognition, and wellbeing; (2) establish reference data on motor skills in 3-6-year-olds; (3) description of early development of musculoskeletal problems; and (4) establishment of a population-based cohort of 3-6-year-olds...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736454/early-late-or-never-when-does-parental-education-impact-child-outcomes
#6
Matt Dickson, Paul Gregg, Harriet Robinson
We estimate the causal effect of parents' education on their children's education and examine the timing of the impact. We identify the causal effect by exploiting the exogenous shift in (parents') education levels induced by the 1972 minimum school leaving age reform in England. Increasing parental education has a positive causal effect on children's outcomes that is evident in preschool assessments at age 4 and continues to be visible up to and including high-stakes examinations taken at age 16. Children of parents affected by the reform attain results around 0...
October 2016: Economic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727793/effect-of-child-marriage-on-girls-school-dropout-in-nepal-analysis-of-data-from-the-multiple-indicator-cluster-survey-2014
#7
Kazutaka Sekine, Marian Ellen Hodgkin
School dropout and child marriage are interrelated outcomes that have an enormous impact on adolescent girls. However, the literature reveals gaps in the empirical evidence on the link between child marriage and the dropout of girls from school. This study identifies the 'tipping point' school grades in Nepal when the risk of dropout due to marriage is highest, measures the effect of child marriage on girls' school dropout rates, and assesses associated risk factors. Weighted percentages were calculated to examine the grades at highest risk and the distribution of reasons for discontinuing school...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663104/causal-effects-of-transitions-to-adult-roles-on-early-adult-smoking-and-drinking-evidence-from-three-cohorts
#8
Michael J Green, Alastair H Leyland, Helen Sweeting, Michaela Benzeval
Transitions into work and family roles have become increasingly delayed as participation in tertiary education widens. Such transitions may have adverse or beneficial effects on health behaviours such as smoking and drinking (alcohol). Role socialisation effects may reduce smoking or drinking, but clustering of transitions may lead to role overload, weakening or reversing any role socialisation effects. Effects of transitions were examined in three UK cohorts: the 1958 National Child Development Study, the 1970 British Birth Cohort Study, and the West of Scotland: Twenty-07 Youth Cohort (from around Glasgow, growing up in the same time period as the 1970 cohort)...
August 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486706/association-of-anhedonia-with-adolescent-smoking-susceptibility-and-initiation
#9
Matthew D Stone, Janet Audrain-McGovern, Adam M Leventhal
Introduction: Emerging literature implicates anhedonia-diminished capacity to experience pleasure-as a maintaining factor underlying cigarette smoking in adults. The role of anhedonia in adolescent smoking uptake has largely been uninvestigated, leaving unclear whether anhedonia is associated with smoking initiation and with psychosocial determinants of susceptibility to smoking initiation that could be targeted in prevention. This study examined the association of anhedonia with smoking initiation (ever smoke: yes/no) and factors indicative of susceptibility to smoking initiation among never-smokers (smoking outcome expectancies, curiosity about smoking, and willingness and future intention to initiate smoking)...
June 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285251/neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-young-violent-offenders-overlap-and-background-characteristics
#10
Eva Billstedt, Henrik Anckarsäter, Märta Wallinius, Björn Hofvander
Neurodevelopmental disorders (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), tic disorder, intellectual disability (ID)), in prison populations have received increased attention but the focus has generally been on one single condition leaving out the global picture. This study assessed the prevalence and overlap of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) in a consecutive cohort (n=270) of young adult male offenders (age 18-25 years), sentenced for "hands-on" violent offences and serving prison time in Swedish prisons...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273984/study-of-risk-factors-for-development-of-voice-disorders-and-its-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-of-school-teachers-in-mangalore-india
#11
Arati Alva, Megna Machado, Kiran Bhojwani, Suja Sreedharan
INTRODUCTION: School teachers are most prone to the development and detrimental effects of voice disorders as a consequence of their work. The risk factors for development of dysphonia in teachers are multifactorial. AIM: The primary aim of our study was to investigate the various risk factors that influence the onset and progression of voice disorders in school teachers in the Indian context. We wanted to assess the effect of voice problems on the physical, psychosocial and functional aspect of a teacher's life...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215240/morningness-eveningness-correlates-with-sleep-time-quality-and-hygiene-in-secondary-school-students-a-multilevel-analysis
#12
Christian Vollmer, Konrad S Jankowski, Juan F Díaz-Morales, Heike Itzek-Greulich, Peter Wüst-Ackermann, Christoph Randler
At the onset of puberty, students shift their sleep to later hours, but school starts early. It is suggested that evening orientation and early school start times do not go well together. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate sleep problems in adolescence, and it was expected that the adolescents' eveningness orientation is associated with many sleep-related problems. Students of secondary education (n = 3201; mean = 13.8 ± 1.8 years) filled out a self-report questionnaire containing measures of morningness-eveningness, sleep time (midpoint of sleep, social "jetlag"), sleep length (on schooldays and on weekends), sleep quality, and sleep hygiene as well as questions on electronic screen media use...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141727/-media-addiction-in-a-10-year-old-boy
#13
Scott Brown, Michael A Scharf, Cristina Bustos, Denise Chavira, Martin T Stein
Bryan is a 10-year-old boy who is brought to his pediatrician by his parents with concerns about oppositional behaviors. Bryan's parents report that he has always been hyperactive and oppositional since a very young age. He has been previously diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and has been treated with appropriate stimulant medications for several years; however, despite this, his parents feel increasingly unable to manage his difficult behaviors. He refuses to do chores or follow through with household routines...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040097/hospital-based-multidisciplinary-youth-mentoring-and-medical-exposure-program-positively-influences-and-reinforces-health-care-career-choice-the-reach-one-each-one-program-early-experience
#14
Omar K Danner, Carl Lokko, Felicia Mobley, Montreka Dansby, Michael Maze, Brene' Bradley, Elizabeth Williams, Leslie Ray Matthews, Emma Harrington, Lisa Mack, Clarence Clark, Ken Wilson, Derrick Beech, Sheryl Heron, Ed Childs
BACKGROUND: According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, underrepresented minorities (URMs) are more likely to leave science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields at higher rates than their peers during undergraduate studies. Many institutions of higher learning have implemented pipeline programs aimed at preparing and inspiring high school and college aged students in select careers in health sciences with varying levels of success. Research has shown that a health care workforce that mirrors the community they serve is more effective in reducing health disparities and increasing positive health outcomes...
April 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030418/the-impact-of-a-junior-faculty-fellowship-award-on-academic-advancement-and-retention
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Maureen T Connelly, Amy M Sullivan, Manuel Chinchilla, Margaret L Dale, S Jean Emans, Carol Cooperman Nadelson, Malkah Tolpin Notman, Nancy J Tarbell, Corwin M Zigler, Eleanor G Shore
PURPOSE: Academic faculty experience barriers to career development and promotion. In 1996, Harvard Medical School (HMS) initiated an intramural junior faculty fellowship to address these obstacles. The authors sought to understand whether receiving a fellowship was associated with more rapid academic promotion and retention. METHOD: Junior faculty fellowship recipients and all other instructor and assistant professors at HMS between 1996 and 2011 were identified...
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029372/cajal-s-unbearable-cephalalgias-the-consequences-of-a-misdiagnosis
#16
REVIEW
S Giménez-Roldán
Around the age of 66 Cajal consulted neurologist Nicolas Achúcarro complaining of "unbearable cephalalgias". He had not ever suffered from headaches. The diagnosis of early arteriosclerosis that was considered at the time a physiological, irreversible ailment of ageing had a strong emotional impact on Cajal. Comorbid depression, insomnia and self-treatment with escalating doses of Veronal(®) (barbital), a short-acting barbiturate, presumably aggravated the situation. Exposure to warm environments and being involved in tense discussions were identified as triggering factors of the headaches...
November 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903252/shifting-tides-in-the-emigration-patterns-of-canadian-physicians-to-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis
#17
Thomas R Freeman, Stephen Petterson, Sean Finnegan, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND: The relative ease of movement of physicians across the Canada/US border has led to what is sometimes referred to as a 'brain drain' and previous analysis estimated that the equivalent of two graduating classes from Canadian medical schools were leaving to practice in the US each year. Both countries fill gaps in physician supply with international medical graduates (IMGs) so the movement of Canadian trained physicians to the US has international ramifications. Medical school enrolments have been increased on both sides of the border, yet there continues to be concerns about adequacy of physician human resources...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886736/pushed-or-pulled-girls-and-boys-facing-early-school-leaving-risk-in-italy
#18
Camilla Borgna, Emanuela Struffolino
Compared to girls, boys are more at risk of early school leaving. However, it is unclear whether gender differences are driven by push factors, which alienate students from the school system, or pull factors, which attract them out of it. This paper examines gender differences in early school leaving, assessing the role of previous scholastic performance, parental education, and differential employment opportunities. By analyzing two nationally representative datasets, we focus on Italy, a country with high rates of early school leaving and pronounced gender inequalities in the labor market...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849487/demographic-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-early-attrition-for-drug-use-in-u-s-marines
#19
Martin R White, Christopher J Phillips, Kartavya J Vyas, Lauren Bauer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine demographic and psychosocial predictors of early attrition for drug use in a cohort of U.S. Marines and the resulting lost person-days. METHOD: The study included data from 35,193 male Marines who completed a life history questionnaire during their first week of basic training. Associations between demographic and psychosocial variables with subsequent discharge for drug use were analyzed using logistic regression...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807079/-now-i-care-a-qualitative-study-of-how-overweight-adolescents-managed-their-weight-in-the-transition-to-adulthood
#20
Helen Sweeting, Emily Smith, Joanne Neary, Charlotte Wright
OBJECTIVES: A qualitative study of recalled experiences of early adolescent overweight/obesity revealed low levels of weight-related concern. This further analysis aimed to explore weight-related concern and weight-loss efforts as participants transitioned into adulthood. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants were 35 young adults from a population-based cohort study who had body mass index (BMI) >95th centile between ages 11 and 15 and participated in semistructured interviews aged 24...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Open
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