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"Shared attention"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620400/collective-satiation-how-coexperience-accelerates-a-decline-in-hedonic-judgments
#1
Rajesh P Bhargave, Nicole Votolato Montgomery, Joseph P Redden
Individuals often mutually experience a stimulus with a relationship partner or social group (e.g., snacking with friends). Yet, little is currently understood about how a sense of coexperiencing affects hedonic judgments of experiences that unfold over time. Research on the shared attention state has suggested that hedonic judgments are intensified when individuals coexperience a stimulus (vs. experiencing it alone), and other related work has found that the social environment influences hedonic judgments in shared (vs...
April 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317182/a-collective-perspective-shared-attention-and-the-mind
#2
REVIEW
Garriy Shteynberg
I review the recent literature on shared attention, instances in which one's personal perspective is also another's. As described by Shteynberg [6•• ], shared attention involves the activation of a psychological perspective that is personal and plural and irreducibly collective-a perspective in which the world is experienced from 'our attention'. When shared attention is perceived, information under shared attention receives deeper cognitive processing. By updating mutual knowledge, shared attention facilitates communication and, quite possibly, the creation of shared attitudes and beliefs...
December 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311140/visual-short-term-memory-activity-in-parietal-lobe-reflects-cognitive-processes-beyond-attentional-selection
#3
Summer L Sheremata, David C Somers, Sarah Shomstein
Visual short-term memory (VSTM) and attention are distinct yet interrelated processes. While both require selection of information across the visual field, memory additionally requires the maintenance of information across time and distraction. VSTM recruits areas within human (male and female) dorsal and ventral parietal cortex that are also implicated in spatial selection; therefore, it is important to determine whether overlapping activation might reflect shared attentional demands. Here, identical stimuli and controlled sustained attention across both tasks were used to ask whether fMRI signal amplitude, functional connectivity, and contralateral visual field bias reflect memory-specific task demands...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185170/influence-of-time-of-day-on-joint-navon-effect
#4
Marco Fabbri, Matteo Frisoni, Monica Martoni, Lorenzo Tonetti, Vincenzo Natale
The shared attention theory suggests that people devote greater cognitive resources to those features co-attended simultaneously with others, determining better performance in several types of tasks. When co-actors performed a go/no-go Navon task attending different features of target letters, the performance was impaired, reflecting a joint Navon effect (the representation of a co-actor's attentional focus made it more difficult to select and apply one's own focus of attention), probably due to asynchronous co-attention with a decrease in cognitive resources involved...
February 2018: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109424/enhancing-reading-performance-through-action-video-games-the-role-of-visual-attention-span
#5
A Antzaka, M Lallier, S Meyer, J Diard, M Carreiras, S Valdois
Recent studies reported that Action Video Game-AVG training improves not only certain attentional components, but also reading fluency in children with dyslexia. We aimed to investigate the shared attentional components of AVG playing and reading, by studying whether the Visual Attention (VA) span, a component of visual attention that has previously been linked to both reading development and dyslexia, is improved in frequent players of AVGs. Thirty-six French fluent adult readers, matched on chronological age and text reading proficiency, composed two groups: frequent AVG players and non-players...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021392/saccades-and-reaches-curve-away-from-the-other-effector-s-target-in-simultaneous-eye-and-hand-movements
#6
Tom Nissens, Katja Fiehler
Simultaneous eye and hand movements are highly coordinated and tightly coupled. This raises the question whether the selection of eye and hand targets relies on a shared attentional mechanism or separate attentional systems. Previous studies have revealed conflicting results by reporting evidence for both a shared as well as separate systems. Movement properties such as movement curvature can provide novel insights into this question as they provide a sensitive measure for attentional allocation during target selection...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481583/stepping-forward-together-could-walking-facilitate-interpersonal-conflict-resolution
#7
Christine E Webb, Maya Rossignac-Milon, E Tory Higgins
Walking has myriad benefits for the mind, most of which have traditionally been explored and explained at the individual level of analysis. Much less empirical work has examined how walking with a partner might benefit social processes. One such process is conflict resolution-a field of psychology in which movement is inherent not only in recent theory and research, but also in colloquial language (e.g., "moving on"). In this article, we unify work from various fields pointing to the idea that walking together can facilitate both the intra- and interpersonal pathways to conflict resolution...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457867/brain-to-brain-synchrony-tracks-real-world-dynamic-group-interactions-in-the-classroom
#8
Suzanne Dikker, Lu Wan, Ido Davidesco, Lisa Kaggen, Matthias Oostrik, James McClintock, Jess Rowland, Georgios Michalareas, Jay J Van Bavel, Mingzhou Ding, David Poeppel
The human brain has evolved for group living [1]. Yet we know so little about how it supports dynamic group interactions that the study of real-world social exchanges has been dubbed the "dark matter of social neuroscience" [2]. Recently, various studies have begun to approach this question by comparing brain responses of multiple individuals during a variety of (semi-naturalistic) tasks [3-15]. These experiments reveal how stimulus properties [13], individual differences [14], and contextual factors [15] may underpin similarities and differences in neural activity across people...
May 8, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450975/is-attentional-resource-allocation-across-sensory-modalities-task-dependent
#9
Basil Wahn, Peter König
Human information processing is limited by attentional resources. That is, via attentional mechanisms, humans select a limited amount of sensory input to process while other sensory input is neglected. In multisensory research, a matter of ongoing debate is whether there are distinct pools of attentional resources for each sensory modality or whether attentional resources are shared across sensory modalities. Recent studies have suggested that attentional resource allocation across sensory modalities is in part task-dependent...
2017: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448386/barriers-to-goal-concordant-care-for-older-patients-with-acute-surgical-illness-communication-patterns-extrinsic-to-decision-aids
#10
Lauren J Taylor, Sara K Johnson, Michael J Nabozny, Jennifer L Tucholka, Nicole M Steffens, Kristine L Kwekkeboom, Karen J Brasel, Toby C Campbell, Margaret L Schwarze
OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize patterns of communication extrinsic to a decision aid that may impede goal-concordant care. BACKGROUND: Decision aids are designed to facilitate difficult clinical decisions by providing better treatment information. However, these interventions may not be sufficient to effectively reveal patient values and promote preference-aligned decisions for seriously ill, older adults. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 31 decision-making conversations between surgeons and frail, older inpatients with acute surgical problems at a single tertiary care hospital...
April 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388699/training-enhances-attentional-expertise-but-not-attentional-capacity-evidence-from-content-specific-training-benefits
#11
Roger W Strong, George A Alvarez
Cognitive training has become a billion-dollar industry with the promise that exercising a cognitive faculty (e.g., attention) on simple "brain games" will lead to improvements on any task relying on the same faculty. Although this logic seems sound, it assumes performance improves on training tasks because attention's capacity has been enhanced. Alternatively, training may result in attentional expertise-an enhancement of the ability to deploy attention to particular content-such that improvement on training tasks is specific to the features of the training context...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383993/pupil-dilation-patterns-spontaneously-synchronize-across-individuals-during-shared-attention
#12
Olivia Kang, Thalia Wheatley
Human social behavior relies on the coupling of minds. Here we show that patterns of pupil dilations reveal mental coupling between speakers and listeners. Speakers were videotaped and eye-tracked as they discussed positive and negative autobiographical memories. An independent group of listeners were then eye-tracked while they watched these videos. As pupillary dilations reflect the dynamics of conscious attention, we computed the morphological similarity of speaker-listener pupillary time-series data as a metric of shared attention...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355632/cross-modal-attention-influences-auditory-contrast-sensitivity-decreasing-visual-load-improves-auditory-thresholds-for-amplitude-and-frequency-modulated-sounds
#13
Vivian M Ciaramitaro, Hiu Mei Chow, Luke G Eglington
We used a cross-modal dual task to examine how changing visual-task demands influenced auditory processing, namely auditory thresholds for amplitude- and frequency-modulated sounds. Observers had to attend to two consecutive intervals of sounds and report which interval contained the auditory stimulus that was modulated in amplitude (Experiment 1) or frequency (Experiment 2). During auditory-stimulus presentation, observers simultaneously attended to a rapid sequential visual presentation-two consecutive intervals of streams of visual letters-and had to report which interval contained a particular color (low load, demanding less attentional resources) or, in separate blocks of trials, which interval contained more of a target letter (high load, demanding more attentional resources)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285719/-exploring-joint-attention-processes-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
A de Gaulmyn, R Miljkovitch, M Montreuil
OBJECTIVES: Symptoms in autism, a neurodevelopmental disorder, appear at an early age. Research consensus shows impairments in communication and especially joint attention, defined as the capacity to intentionally share attention between two persons or a person and an object. Recent studies in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) focus on infants' processes associated to joint attention, such as visual and auditive regulation, attentional engagement and social motivation. The present research's objective is to examine the role of these factors in joint attention...
March 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185043/exploring-the-cognitive-foundations-of-the-shared-attention-mechanism-evidence-for-a-relationship-between-self-categorization-and-shared-attention-across-the-autism-spectrum
#15
Daniel P Skorich, Tahlia B Gash, Katie L Stalker, Lidan Zheng, S Alexander Haslam
The social difficulties of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are typically explained as a disruption in the Shared Attention Mechanism (SAM) sub-component of the theory of mind (ToM) system. In the current paper, we explore the hypothesis that SAM's capacity to construct the self-other-object relations necessary for shared-attention arises from a self-categorization process, which is weaker among those with more autistic-like traits. We present participants with self-categorization and shared-attention tasks, and measure their autism-spectrum quotient (AQ)...
May 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890304/awareness-of-goal-oriented-behavior-during-infancy-and-early-childhood-in-human-and-non-human-primates
#16
REVIEW
Heidi L Marsh, Maria Legerstee
We review the literature surrounding the phylogenetic and developmental emergence of goal-oriented behavior, among human and non-human primates. We define goal-oriented awareness as the ability to perceive goals and perceptions in others. We examine empirical literature involving gaze-following, shared attention, distinguishing between actions and intentions, and the ability to generate and understand communicative cues. We conclude that at least a rudimentary awareness of goal-oriented behavior is present from birth in humans, and in adult great apes...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507953/cultural-affordances-scaffolding-local-worlds-through-shared-intentionality-and-regimes-of-attention
#17
Maxwell J D Ramstead, Samuel P L Veissière, Laurence J Kirmayer
In this paper we outline a framework for the study of the mechanisms involved in the engagement of human agents with cultural affordances. Our aim is to better understand how culture and context interact with human biology to shape human behavior, cognition, and experience. We attempt to integrate several related approaches in the study of the embodied, cognitive, and affective substrates of sociality and culture and the sociocultural scaffolding of experience. The integrative framework we propose bridges cognitive and social sciences to provide (i) an expanded concept of 'affordance' that extends to sociocultural forms of life, and (ii) a multilevel account of the socioculturally scaffolded forms of affordance learning and the transmission of affordances in patterned sociocultural practices and regimes of shared attention...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207190/automatic-attentional-orienting-to-other-people-s-gaze-in-schizophrenia
#18
Robyn Langdon, Kiley Seymour, Tracey Williams, Philip B Ward
Explicit tests of social cognition have revealed pervasive deficits in schizophrenia. Less is known of automatic social cognition in schizophrenia. We used a spatial orienting task to investigate automatic shifts of attention cued by another person's eye gaze in 29 patients and 28 controls. Central photographic images of a face with eyes shifted left or right, or looking straight ahead, preceded targets that appeared left or right of the cue. To examine automatic effects, cue direction was non-predictive of target location...
August 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153239/the-role-of-emotion-in-learning-trustworthiness-from-eye-gaze-evidence-from-facial-electromyography
#19
Luis R Manssuer, Ralph Pawling, Amy E Hayes, Steven P Tipper
Gaze direction can be used to rapidly and reflexively lead or mislead others' attention as to the location of important stimuli. When perception of gaze direction is congruent with the location of a target, responses are faster compared to when incongruent. Faces that consistently gaze congruently are also judged more trustworthy than faces that consistently gaze incongruently. However, it's unclear how gaze-cues elicit changes in trust. We measured facial electromyography (EMG) during an identity-contingent gaze-cueing task to examine whether embodied emotional reactions to gaze-cues mediate trust learning...
January 2016: Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892856/look-into-my-eyes-investigating-joint-attention-using-interactive-eye-tracking-and-fmri-in-a-developmental-sample
#20
E Oberwelland, L Schilbach, I Barisic, S C Krall, K Vogeley, G R Fink, B Herpertz-Dahlmann, K Konrad, M Schulte-Rüther
Joint attention, the shared attentional focus of at least two people on a third significant object, is one of the earliest steps in social development and an essential aspect of reciprocal interaction. However, the neural basis of joint attention (JA) in the course of development is completely unknown. The present study made use of an interactive eye-tracking paradigm in order to examine the developmental trajectories of JA and the influence of a familiar interaction partner during the social encounter. Our results show that across children and adolescents JA elicits a similar network of "social brain" areas as well as attention and motor control associated areas as in adults...
April 15, 2016: NeuroImage
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