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Periodontics Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327694/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-biomimetic-monolayer-of-permanently-bound-multiphosphonic-acid-molecules-on-dental-implants-3-years-post-loading-results-from-a-pilot-quadruple-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Marco Esposito, Ivan Dojcinovic, Sabrina Buchini, Péter Péchy, Björn-Owe Aronsson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of a novel surface treatment (SurfLink, Nano Bridging Molecules, Gland, Switzerland) on titanium dental implants. SurfLink consists of a monolayer of permanently bound multiphosphonic acid molecules, which mimics the surface of naturally occurring hydroxyapatite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients requiring at least two single dental implants had their sites randomised according to a split-mouth design to receive one titanium grade 4 implant treated with SurfLink and one untreated control implant...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327074/successful-treatment-of-mandibular-nonunion-with-cortical-allograft-cancellous-autograft-and-locking-titanium-miniplates-in-a-dog
#2
Christopher J Snyder, Jason A Bleedorn, Jason W Soukup
Discontinuities of the mandible can occur for a variety of reasons including primary pathology of bone, pathologic fracture secondary to periodontal disease, and segmental resection for the treatment of neoplasia. Surgical intervention is necessary in many cases to establish normal occlusion and normal mandibular function. Rigid stabilization and treatment of these defects can be challenging due to the limited availability of bone for fixation as well as limited soft tissue coverage. This case report describes successful treatment of a nonunion fracture using cortical allograft and locking titanium miniplates...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327066/guided-tissue-regeneration-in-four-teeth-using-a-liquid-polymer-membrane
#3
Jennifer B Alterman, John F Huff
Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases diagnosed in dogs and cats. Guided tissue regeneration (GTR) is a treatment alternative to extraction of strategically important teeth. The barrier membrane used in the GTR procedure is of key importance. The purpose of this case series was to evaluate a liquid polymer gel as a membrane for GTR. The polymer gel ( N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone and poly [DL-lactide]) combined with 8.5% doxycycline hyclate was used in place of a traditional membrane in 4 teeth. The teeth were re-examined 6 months postoperatively for radiographic evaluation...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326979/a-retrospective-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-four-different-treatments-of-periodontal-disease-in-equine-cheek-teeth
#4
Kirsten Jackson, Lukas M Weber, Marc Tennant
Periodontal disease of equine cheek teeth is common and may lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Limited information is available comparing the effectiveness of treatment methods. The objective of this study was to retrospectively compare the effectiveness of 4 commonly used treatments in reducing periodontal pocket depth (in addition to routine dental treatment and occlusal equilibration). The 4 treatments compared were (1) removal of feed material, lavaging the pocket with dilute chlorhexidine, and then rinsing the mouth with chlorhexidine-containing mouthwash (CL); (2) CL plus placement of metronidazole into the pocket (M); (3) M plus the addition of polyvinyl siloxane temporary filling over the diastema (PVS); and (4) diastema widening to increase the interdental space, then PVS (DW)...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326928/cxcr4-signaling-in-macrophages-contributes-to-periodontal-mechanical-hypersensitivity-in-porphyromonas-gingivalis-induced-periodontitis-in-mice
#5
Hidekazu Nagashima, Masamichi Shinoda, Kuniya Honda, Noriaki Kamio, Masahiro Watanabe, Tatsuro Suzuki, Naoyuki Sugano, Shuichi Sato, Koichi Iwata
Background Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease accompanied by alveolar bone loss and progressive inflammation without pain. However, the potential contributors eliminating pain associated with gingival inflammation are unknown. Results we examined the involvement of CXC chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) on the mechanical sensitivity of inflamed periodontal tissue, using a mouse model of periodontitis established by the ligation of the tooth cervix of a maxillary second molar and inoculation with Porphyromonas gingivalis (P...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326703/-effects-of-salvianolic-acid-b-on-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-periodontal-ligament-cells
#6
Ma Yue, Ren Aishu, Fu Gang
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of salvianolic acid B (Sal B), a major bioactive component of the Chinese medicine salvia miltiorrhiza, on osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs). METHODS: Third passage PDLCs were used in this experiment. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was employed to observe the effects of different Sal B concentrations on proliferation activity of hPDLCs. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralization capability were measured, and mRNA expression of osteocalcin (OCN) was detected to investigate the effects of Sal B on osteogenesis of hPDLCs...
October 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325578/first-evidence-for-regeneration-of-the-periodontium-to-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-in-human-teeth
#7
Andreas Bartols, Eleni Roussa, Winfried Walther, Christof E Dörfer
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in endodontic therapy in human teeth leads to the same regeneration of the apical tissues as observed in animals. METHODS: Four human teeth were identified in a policlinic that had been treated endodontically with MTA and had to be extracted for other reasons than just endodontic failure. All teeth were processed for histologic and one for immunohistochemical analyses to analyze the histologic response of the periapical structure to the former treatment with MTA...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325127/reproducibility-of-a-commercially-available-subgingival-plaque-sampling-strategy-and-analysis-strategy-with-oligonucleotide-probes
#8
Bernadette Pretzl, Jule Paul, Diana M Krigar, Lorenz Uhlmann, Peter Eickholz, Bettina Dannewitz
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the intra-test agreement of pooled samples from the deepest periodontal pocket of each quadrant with a commercially available test kit based on hybridization of 16S rRNA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Plaque samples of 50 patients with generalized severe chronic periodontitis before therapy were pooled in two separate vials in order to detect and compare counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola...
March 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322365/influence-of-body-mass-index-and-other-periodontitis-associated-risk-factors-and-risk-indicators-on-the-periodontal-treatment-needs-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Lazaros Tsalikis, Georgios Menexes
PURPOSE: To record periodontal treatment needs in a randomised sample and evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and periodontal treatment needs, as well as the association between diabetes, smoking, BMI and periodontal treatment needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised 633 patients aged 18 to 85 years visiting an outpatient clinic. Body mass index (BMI) and periodontal status were recorded. Demographic data including gender, year of birth, smoking habits and medical history were collected from each patient...
March 20, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322293/tea-polyphenols-inhibit-the-growth-and-virulence-properties-of-fusobacterium-nucleatum
#10
Amel Ben Lagha, Bruno Haas, Daniel Grenier
Fusobacterium nucleatum plays a key role in creating the pathogenic subgingival biofilm that initiates destructive periodontitis. It is also a common resident of the human gastrointestinal tract and has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of green and black tea extracts as well as two of their bioactive components, EGCG and theaflavins, on the growth and virulence properties of F. nucleatum. The tea extracts and components displayed various degrees of antibacterial activity that may involve damage to the bacterial cell membrane and the chelation of iron...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321995/clinical-and-microbiological-efficacy-of-4-garcinia-mangostana-l-pericarp-gel-as-local-drug-delivery-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Jaideep Mahendra, Little Mahendra, Priyadharshini Svedha, Sandhya Cherukuri, Georgios E Romanos
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the periodontal status of individuals and the presence of red complex microorganisms (RCM), such as Treponema denticola (Td), Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Tannerella forsythia in the subgingival tissues of periodontitis patients before and after the application of 4% mangostana gel (Garcinia mangostana [MGA]) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP). METHODS: Twenty-five patients (MGA group) were treated with SRP, and the subgingival application of mangostana gel was used as local drug delivery...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318161/-clinical-comparative-study-on-the-efficacy-of-periodontal-endodontic-therapy-and-periodontal-treatment-alone-for-advanced-periodontitis
#12
Tan Baochun, Xiao Jianping, Yan Fuhua, Huan Hong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the period of endodontic treatment and the effects of periodontal-endodontic treatment for advanced periodontitis. METHODS: A total of 180 patients with advanced periodontitis participated in this clinical multicenter study. The respondents were randomly divided into an endodontic combined treatment (experimental) group and a periodontal treatment alone (control) group; each group consisted of 90 teeth. The control group received periodontal therapy only...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318157/-effects-of-nd-yag-laser-irradiation-on-the-root-surfaces-and-adhesion-of-streptococcus-mutans
#13
Li Yuanhong, Li Zhongcheng, Luo Mengqi, Shen Daonan, Zhang Shu, Meng Shu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of treatment with different powers of Nd: YAG laser irradiation on root surfaces and Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) adhesion. METHODS: Extracted teeth because of severe periodontal disease were divided into the following four groups: control group, laser group 1, laser group 2, and laser group 3. After scaling and root planning, laser group 1, laser group 2, and laser group 3 were separately treated with Nd: YAG laser irradiation (4/6/8 W, 60 s); however, the control group did not receive the treatment...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317828/-magnetic-therapy-for-complex-treatment-of-chronic-periodontal-disease
#14
A V P'yanzina
The aim of the study was to elaborate the methodology of magnetic therapy for complex treatment of chronic periodontal disease (CPD). The study included 60 patients aged 35 to 65 years with moderate CPD divided in 2 groups. Patients in group 1 (controls) received impulse carbonate irrigation for 12 min №10, group 2 additionally received magnetic therapy for 5 min №10 in maxillary and mandibular areas. CLINICAL RESULTS: periodontal and rheological indices proved magnetic therapy to be useful tool for eradication of inflammation, periodontal tissue functional recovery and stabilization...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317561/introduction-to-clinical-microbiology-for-the-general-dentist
#15
REVIEW
Thomas E Rams, Arie J van Winkelhoff
Clinical oral microbiology may help dental professionals identify infecting pathogenic species and evaluate their in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility. Saliva, dental plaque biofilms, mucosal smears, abscess aspirates, and soft tissue biopsies are sources of microorganisms for laboratory testing. Microbial-based treatment end points may help clinicians better identify patients in need of additional or altered dental therapies before the onset of clinical treatment failure, and help improve patient oral health outcomes...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317365/-promotion-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-to-viral-disease
#16
Meng Tiantian, Li Xin
Chronic periodontitis is one of the most common oral diseases in humans, the main recognized pathogenic bac-terium of which is the Porphyromonas gingivalis. Various types of viruses have been detected in periodontal disease in situ, and the joint action of viral and bacterial pathogens infection mechanism are complicated. Porphyromonas gingivalis has the characteristics resulting from the interaction with a variety of bacterium viruses, which may be the reason for chronic perio-dontitis being a protracted disease associated with a variety of systemic diseases...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317353/-clinical-application-on-restoration-of-dentition-defects-using-tooth-alveolar-bone-grafts
#17
Chen Zhifang, Zhang Wei
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of tooth-alveolar bone grafts in repairing dentition defects. METHODS: Forty-five patients with dentition defect were divided into two groups according to different operation methods. In group A (n=24), the tooth-alveolar bone grafts of the transplanted tooth and its surrounding alveolar bone were cut using modified surgical orthodontics and then embedded into the designated planting hole. In group B (n=21), the teeth were extracted through conventional tooth transplantation and then embedded into the prepared planting holes...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316949/evaluation-of-the-role-of-probiotics-in-endodontic-treatment-a-preliminary-study
#18
Aarti Bohora, Sharad Kokate
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The principal goal of endodontics is the prevention of periapical infection. Acute and chronic apical periodontitis occur due to the persistence of pathogenic microorganisms such as Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans harboring the root canal systems of the teeth. The concept of the use of probiotics in addressing endodontic disease is new and has not been studied adequately. On the basis of the success of probiotics in periodontal treatment, this preliminary work was performed (a) to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of probiotics against common endodontic pathogens, i...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316927/probiotic-an-emerging-therapy-in-recolonizing-periodontal-pocket
#19
N D Gupta, Shweta Sharma, Vivek Kumar Sharma
One of the etiological factors in the pathogenesis of periodontitis is reduction or the absence of the so-called "beneficial bacteria". Most of the globally applied treatment approach is based on subgingival bacterial elimination but recolonization with less pathogenic bacteria is seen within weeks. Therefore, researchers have started focusing on shifting the current treatment approach from specific bacterial elimination to restoring periodontal pocket with beneficial bacteria. This alteration in the ecology of niches from the one with the pathological plaque to the one with the biofilm of commensals can be achieved via subgingival application of probiotics...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316922/miracle-cells-for-natural-dentistry-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Rani Somani, Shipra Jaidka, Neeti Bajaj, Sameksha Arora
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells. Recently, enormous growth has been seen in the recognition of stem cell-based therapies, which have the potential to ameliorate the life of patients with conditions that span from Parkinson's disease to cardiac ischemia to bone or tooth loss. This research has produced new but unexplored possibilities in the regeneration of different organs and tissues. Presently, research is focused on the proficiency of stem cells and their utilization in dentistry, which is gaining interest...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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