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"Joint attention"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340284/optical-imaging-during-toddlerhood-brain-responses-during-naturalistic-social-interactions
#1
Yoko Hakuno, Laura Pirazzoli, Anna Blasi, Mark H Johnson, Sarah Lloyd-Fox
Despite the importance of our ability to interact and communicate with others, the early development of the social brain network remains poorly understood. We examined brain activity in 12- to 14-month-old infants while they were interacting live with an adult in two different naturalistic social scenarios (i.e., reading a picture book versus singing nursery rhymes with gestures), as compared to baseline (i.e., showing infants a toy without eye contact or speech). We used functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) recorded over the right temporal lobe of infants to assess the role of the superior temporal sulcus-temporoparietal junction (STS-TPJ) region during naturalistic social interactions...
January 2018: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329955/longitudinal-predictors-of-early-language-in-infants-with-down-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#2
Emily Mason-Apps, Vesna Stojanovik, Carmel Houston-Price, Sue Buckley
PURPOSE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) typically have marked delays in language development relative to their general cognitive development, with particular difficulties in expressive compared to receptive language. Although early social communication skills, including gestures and joint attention, have been shown to be related to later language outcomes in DS, knowledge is limited as to whether these factors exclusively predict outcomes, or whether other factors (e.g. perceptual and non-verbal skills) are involved...
January 9, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313178/brief-report-caregiver-strategy-implementation-advancing-spoken-communication-in-children-who-are-minimally-verbal
#3
Stephanie Y Shire, Wendy Shih, Connie Kasari
Research has demonstrated that caregivers' use of intervention strategies can support their children's social engagement and communication. However, it is not clear to what degree caregivers must master the strategies to effectively support gains in social communication, specifically, core challenges such as joint attention language (comments). Twenty-two minimally verbal school-age children with autism received a social communication intervention with caregiver coaching. Through 10 min caregiver-child play interactions at eight time points, significant increase were found in children's spontaneous language...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307041/an-initial-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-joint-attention-protocol
#4
Sallie W Nowell, Linda R Watson, Richard A Faldowski, Grace T Baranek
The goal of this paper is to examine the psychometric properties of a live-coded behavioral measure of joint attention, the Attention-Following and Initiating Joint Attention Protocol (JA Protocol), in order to assist researchers and clinicians in identifying when this measure may meet their joint attention assessment needs. Data from 260 children with autism spectrum disorder, developmental delay, or typical development between the ages of 2 and 12 years were used to evaluate this measure using quality standards for measurement...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248932/neurobiological-bases-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-implications-for-early-intervention-a-brief-overview
#5
Kakia Petinou, Despo Minaidou
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and implications for intervention, the current paper reports on research related to the neurobiological underpinnings of ASD and the implication for early intervention with a focus on the importance of joint attention and eye gaze behaviors. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: An overview is provided on the available research findings from the fields of social neuroscience and experimental psychology specific to brain development, brain pathology, eye gaze, and joint attention behaviors...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185170/influence-of-time-of-day-on-joint-navon-effect
#6
Marco Fabbri, Matteo Frisoni, Monica Martoni, Lorenzo Tonetti, Vincenzo Natale
The shared attention theory suggests that people devote greater cognitive resources to those features co-attended simultaneously with others, determining better performance in several types of tasks. When co-actors performed a go/no-go Navon task attending different features of target letters, the performance was impaired, reflecting a joint Navon effect (the representation of a co-actor's attentional focus made it more difficult to select and apply one's own focus of attention), probably due to asynchronous co-attention with a decrease in cognitive resources involved...
November 28, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170941/a-sibling-mediated-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-the-natural-language-paradigm-nlp
#7
Vicki Spector, Marjorie H Charlop
We taught three typically developing siblings to occasion speech by implementing the Natural Language Paradigm (NLP) with their brothers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A non-concurrent multiple baseline design across children with ASD and sibling dyads was used. Ancillary behaviors of happiness, play, and joint attention for the children with ASD were recorded. Generalization of speech for the children with ASD across setting and peers was also measured. During baseline, the children with ASD displayed few target speech behaviors and the siblings inconsistently occasioned speech from their brothers...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168087/mediating-parent-learning-to-promote-social-communication-for-toddlers-with-autism-effects-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Hannah H Schertz, Samuel L Odom, Kathleen M Baggett, John H Sideris
A randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate effects of the Joint Attention Mediated Learning (JAML) intervention. Toddlers with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) aged 16-30 months (n = 144) were randomized to intervention and community control conditions. Parents, who participated in 32 weekly home-based sessions, followed a mediated learning process to target preverbal social communication outcomes (social visual synchrony, reciprocity, and responding and initiating forms of joint attention) throughout daily interactions...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130483/contributions-of-infant-vagal-regulation-at-1-month-to-subsequent-joint-attention-abilities
#9
Vera Mateus, Sara Cruz, Fernando Ferreira-Santos, Ana Osório, Adriana Sampaio, Carla Martins
Since birth, humans develop an ability to regulate their inner states and behaviors, when facing demanding situations, in order to restore calmness and engage with other persons and the surrounding environment. The present study analyzed whether 1-month infant vagal regulation to auditory stimuli was associated with later joint attention abilities-responding to and initiating joint attention-in interaction with their mothers. Twenty-three infants were assessed and measures of respiratory sinus arrhythmia-RSA (baseline and vagal tone change during auditory stimulation) were used as index of vagal regulation...
November 12, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126347/language-profiles-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-community-sample-using-multiple-assessment-instruments
#10
Rose Nevill, Darren Hedley, Mirko Uljarević, Ensu Sahin, Johanna Zadek, Eric Butter, James A Mulick
This study investigated language profiles in a community-based sample of 104 children aged 1-3 years who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) diagnostic criteria. Language was assessed with the Mullen scales, Preschool Language Scale, fifth edition, and Vineland-II parent-report. The study aimed to determine whether the receptive-to-expressive language profile is independent from the assessment instrument used, and whether nonverbal cognition, early communicative behaviors, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms predict language scores...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051506/an-integrated-eeg-and-eye-tracking-approach-for-the-study-of-responding-and-initiating-joint-attention-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
Lucia Billeci, Antonio Narzisi, Alessandro Tonacci, Beatrice Sbriscia-Fioretti, Luca Serasini, Francesca Fulceri, Fabio Apicella, Federico Sicca, Sara Calderoni, Filippo Muratori
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterised by impairment in joint attention (JA), which has two components: the response to JA and the initiation of JA. Literature suggests a correlation between JA and neural circuitries, although this link is still largely unexplored in ASD. In this pilot study, we aimed at investigating the neural correlates of responding and initiating JA in high-functioning children with ASD and evaluating the changes in brain function and visual pattern after six months of rehabilitative treatment using an integrated EEG/eye-tracking system...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038481/the-social-and-cultural-roots-of-whale-and-dolphin-brains
#12
Kieran C R Fox, Michael Muthukrishna, Susanne Shultz
Encephalization, or brain expansion, underpins humans' sophisticated social cognition, including language, joint attention, shared goals, teaching, consensus decision-making and empathy. These abilities promote and stabilize cooperative social interactions, and have allowed us to create a 'cognitive' or 'cultural' niche and colonize almost every terrestrial ecosystem. Cetaceans (whales and dolphins) also have exceptionally large and anatomically sophisticated brains. Here, by evaluating a comprehensive database of brain size, social structures and cultural behaviours across cetacean species, we ask whether cetacean brains are similarly associated with a marine cultural niche...
November 2017: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991358/an-expanded-view-of-joint-attention-skill-engagement-and-language-in-typical-development-and-autism
#13
Lauren B Adamson, Roger Bakeman, Katharine Suma, Diana L Robins
This study provides an expanded view of joint attention and its relation to expressive language development. A total of 144 toddlers (40 typically developing, 58 with autism spectrum disorder [ASD], 46 with developmental delay [DD]) participated at 24 and 31 months. Toddlers who screened positive for ASD risk, especially those subsequently diagnosed with ASD, had poorer joint attention skills, joint engagement during parent-toddler interaction, and expressive language. Findings highlight the dynamic relation between joint attention and language development...
October 9, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948104/human-agency-beliefs-influence-behaviour-during-virtual-social-interactions
#14
Nathan Caruana, Dean Spirou, Jon Brock
In recent years, with the emergence of relatively inexpensive and accessible virtual reality technologies, it is now possible to deliver compelling and realistic simulations of human-to-human interaction. Neuroimaging studies have shown that, when participants believe they are interacting via a virtual interface with another human agent, they show different patterns of brain activity compared to when they know that their virtual partner is computer-controlled. The suggestion is that users adopt an "intentional stance" by attributing mental states to their virtual partner...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946022/rhythmic-ostensive-gestures-how-adults-facilitate-infants-entrance-into-early-triadic-interactions
#15
Ana Moreno-Núñez, Cintia Rodríguez, María Jesús Del Olmo
For decades, the literature on the emergence of triadic interactions considers the end of the first year of life as the time when children become able to communicate with others intentionally about a referent. Prior to that, children only relate in dyads, either with someone else or with an object. However, several researchers claim that referents are not naturally given in human communication and that they need to be established in interaction with others. In this study, we focus on earlier triadic interactions initiated by adults, when young babies still require an adult to bring the material world within their reach...
September 22, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933882/maternal-depressive-symptoms-mother-child-interactions-and-children-s-executive-function
#16
Noa Gueron-Sela, Marie Camerota, Michael T Willoughby, Lynne Vernon-Feagans, Martha J Cox
This study examined the independent and mediated associations between maternal depression symptoms (MDS), mother-child interaction, and child executive function (EF) in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,037 children (50% boys) from predominantly low-income and rural communities. When children were 6, 15 and 24 months of age, mothers reported their level of depressive symptomatology. At 24 and 36 months of age, mother-child interactions during play were rated for warmth-sensitivity and harsh-intrusiveness, and dyadic joint attention and maternal language complexity were assessed from a book sharing activity...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922520/a-review-of-joint-attention-and-social-cognitive-brain-systems-in-typical-development-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Peter Mundy
This article provides a review of the increasingly detailed imaging literature on the neurodevelopment of joint attention. Many findings from this literature support and inform the hypothesis that the neurodevelopment of joint attention contributes to the functional development of neural systems for human social cognition. Joint attention begins to develop by 5 months of age and is tantamount to the ability to adopt a common perspective with another person. It involves a whole-brain system with nodes in the: (a) dorsal and medial frontal cortex, (b) orbital frontal/insula cortex, (c) anterior/posterior cingulate cortex, (d) superior temporal cortex, (e) precuneus/parietal cortex, and (f) amygdala and striatum...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878726/the-family-alliance-model-a-way-to-study-and-characterize-early-family-interactions
#18
Nicolas Favez, France Frascarolo, Hervé Tissot
The aim of this paper is to present the family alliance (FA) model, which is designed to conceptualize the relational dynamics in the early family. FA is defined as the coordination a family can reach when fulfilling a task, such as playing a game or having a meal. According to the model, being coordinated as a family depends on four interactive functions: participation (all members are included), organization (members assume differentiated roles), focalization (family shares a common theme of activity), affect sharing (there is empathy between members)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855550/social-rivalry-triggers-visual-attention-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#19
Marine Grandgeorge, Yentl Gautier, Pauline Brugaillères, Inès Tiercelin, Carole Jacq, Marie-Claude Lebret, Martine Hausberger
Visual social attention is central to social functioning and learning and may act as a reinforcer. Social rivalry, which occurs when an individual is excluded from dyadic interactions, can promote interspecific learning by triggering attention. We applied it to an animal-assisted intervention, where the behaviour of ASD children was compared between an experimental (attention shift of the animal trainer from the dog-child to the dog only) and a control (attention maintained on the dyad) groups (study 1). The results show that ASD children are sensitive to the direction of (visual) social attention and may act, physically and visually, in order to regain it...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819162/inter-brain-network-underlying-turn-based-cooperation-and-competition-a-hyperscanning-study-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#20
Tao Liu, Godai Saito, Chenhui Lin, Hirofumi Saito
The present study examined neural substrates underlying turn-based cooperation and competition in a real two-person situation. We simultaneously measured pairs of participants' activations in their bilateral frontal, temporal, and parietal regions using a 96-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system, when participants played a turn-taking disk-game on a computer. NIRS data demonstrated significant inter-brain neural synchronization (INS) across participant pairs' right posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) in both the cooperation and competition conditions, and the competition condition also involved significant INS in the right inferior parietal lobule (IPL)...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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