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"Joint attention"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344643/goliah-gaming-open-library-for-intervention-in-autism-at-home-a-6-month-single-blind-matched-controlled-exploratory-study
#1
Anne-Lise Jouen, Antonio Narzisi, Jean Xavier, Elodie Tilmont, Nicolas Bodeau, Valentina Bono, Nabila Ketem-Premel, Salvatore Anzalone, Koushik Maharatna, Mohamed Chetouani, Filippo Muratori, David Cohen
BACKGROUND: To meet the required hours of intensive intervention for treating children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we developed an automated serious gaming platform (11 games) to deliver intervention at home (GOLIAH) by mapping the imitation and joint attention (JA) subset of age-adapted stimuli from the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) intervention. Here, we report the results of a 6-month matched controlled exploratory study. METHODS: From two specialized clinics, we included 14 children (age range 5-8 years) with ASD and 10 controls matched for gender, age, sites, and treatment as usual (TAU)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303094/child-robot-interactions-for-second-language-tutoring-to-preschool-children
#2
Paul Vogt, Mirjam de Haas, Chiara de Jong, Peta Baxter, Emiel Krahmer
In this digital age social robots will increasingly be used for educational purposes, such as second language tutoring. In this perspective article, we propose a number of design features to develop a child-friendly social robot that can effectively support children in second language learning, and we discuss some technical challenges for developing these. The features we propose include choices to develop the robot such that it can act as a peer to motivate the child during second language learning and build trust at the same time, while still being more knowledgeable than the child and scaffolding that knowledge in adult-like manner...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285719/-exploring-joint-attention-processes-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
A de Gaulmyn, R Miljkovitch, M Montreuil
OBJECTIVES: Symptoms in autism, a neurodevelopmental disorder, appear at an early age. Research consensus shows impairments in communication and especially joint attention, defined as the capacity to intentionally share attention between two persons or a person and an object. Recent studies in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) focus on infants' processes associated to joint attention, such as visual and auditive regulation, attentional engagement and social motivation. The present research's objective is to examine the role of these factors in joint attention...
March 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256684/-models-for-intervention-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-denver-and-scerts
#4
C Forment-Dasca
INTRODUCTION: Given the increased prevalence of diagnoses of autism in recent years, the growing amount of research on models with which to work with people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has led to the development of different techniques and methods enabling better results to be obtained. As a result, it has become possible to help improve many of the symptoms that prevent people with this diagnosis and their families from leading a normal life. AIMS: To review two intervention models specifically designed for working with persons with ASD...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253092/assessing-early-processing-of-eye-gaze-in-schizophrenia-measuring-the-cone-of-direct-gaze-and-reflexive-orienting-of-attention
#5
Kiley Seymour, Gillian Rhodes, Jonathan McGuire, Nikolas Williams, Linda Jeffery, Robyn Langdon
INTRODUCTION: The accurate discrimination of another person's eye-gaze direction is vital as it provides a cue to the gazer's focus of attention, which in turn supports joint attention. Patients with schizophrenia have shown a "direct gaze bias" when judging gaze direction. However, current tasks do not dissociate an early perceptual bias from high-level top-down effects. We investigated early stages of gaze processing in schizophrenia by measuring perceptual sensitivity to fine deviations in gaze direction (i...
March 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251393/a-path-model-of-expressive-vocabulary-skills-in-initially-preverbal-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Jena McDaniel, Paul Yoder, Linda R Watson
We examined direct and indirect paths involving receptive vocabulary and diversity of key consonants used in communication (DKCC) to improve understanding of why previously identified value-added predictors are associated with later expressive vocabulary for initially preverbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 87). Intentional communication, DKCC, and parent linguistic responses accounted for unique variance in later expressive vocabulary when controlling for mid-point receptive vocabulary, but responding to joint attention did not...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239074/joint-attention-development-in-low-risk-very-low-birth-weight-infants-at-around-18-months-of-age
#7
Noriko Yamaoka, Satoshi Takada
The purpose of this study was to clarify the developmental characteristics of joint attention in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with a low risk of complications. Section B of the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT) was administered to 31 VLBW and 45 normal birth weight (NBW) infants aged 18-22 months, while the sessions were recorded with a video camera. A semi-structured observation scale was developed to assess infants' joint attention from the video footage, and was shown to be reliable. VLBW, compared to NBW, infants showed significantly poorer skills in 2 of 4 items on responding to joint attention, and in 6 of 10 items on initiating joint attention...
October 18, 2016: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237544/the-language-of-arithmetic-across-the-hemispheres-an-event-related-potential-investigation
#8
Danielle S Dickson, Kara D Federmeier
Arithmetic expressions, like verbal sentences, incrementally lead readers to anticipate potential appropriate completions. Existing work in the language domain has helped us understand how the two hemispheres differently participate in and contribute to the cognitive process of sentence reading, but comparatively little work has been done with mathematical equation processing. In this study, we address this gap by examining the ERP response to provided answers to simple multiplication problems, which varied both in levels of correctness (given an equation context) and in visual field of presentation (joint attention in central presentation, or biased processing to the left or right hemisphere through contralateral visual field presentation)...
February 22, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229349/joint-attention-and-the-social-phenotype-of-school-aged-children-with-asd
#9
Peter Mundy, Stephanie Novotny, Lindsey Swain-Lerro, Nancy McIntyre, Matt Zajic, Tasha Oswald
The validity of joint attention assessment in school-aged children with ASD is unclear (Lord, Jones, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 53(5):490-509, 2012). This study examined the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of joint attention related behaviors in verbal children and adolescents with ASD. Fifty-two children with ASD and 34 controls were assessed with the Childhood Joint Attention Rating Scale (C-JARS). The C-JARS exhibited internally consistency, α = 0.88, and one factor explained 49% of the scale variance...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186339/hand-eye-coordination-predicts-joint-attention
#10
Chen Yu, Linda B Smith
The present article shows that infant and dyad differences in hand-eye coordination predict dyad differences in joint attention (JA). In the study reported here, 51 toddlers ranging in age from 11 to 24 months and their parents wore head-mounted eye trackers as they played with objects together. We found that physically active toddlers aligned their looking behavior with their parent and achieved a substantial proportion of time spent jointly attending to the same object. However, JA did not arise through gaze following but rather through the coordination of gaze with manual actions on objects as both infants and parents attended to their partner's object manipulations...
February 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180069/young-adolescents-with-autism-show-abnormal-joint-attention-network-a-gaze-contingent-fmri-study
#11
E Oberwelland, L Schilbach, I Barisic, S C Krall, K Vogeley, G R Fink, B Herpertz-Dahlmann, K Konrad, M Schulte-Rüther
Behavioral research has revealed deficits in the development of joint attention (JA) as one of the earliest signs of autism. While the neural basis of JA has been studied predominantly in adults, we recently demonstrated a protracted development of the brain networks supporting JA in typically developing children and adolescents. The present eye-tracking/fMRI study now extends these findings to adolescents with autism. Our results show that in adolescents with autism JA is subserved by abnormal activation patterns in brain areas related to social cognition abnormalities which are at the core of ASD including the STS and TPJ, despite behavioral maturation with no behavioral differences...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168003/cognitive-and-adaptive-correlates-of-an-ados-derived-joint-attention-composite
#12
Ashley Johnson Harrison, Zhenqiu Laura Lu, Rebecca L McLean, Stephen J Sheinkopf
Joint attention skills have been shown to predict language outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Less is known about the relationship between joint attention (JA) abilities in children with ASD and cognitive and adaptive abilities. In the current study, a subset of items from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), designed to quantify JA abilities, were used to investigate social attention among an unusually large cross-sectional sample of children with ASD (n = 1061). An examination of the association between JA and a range of functional correlates (cognitive and adaptive) revealed JA was significantly related to verbal (VIQ) and non-verbal (NVIQ) cognitive ability as well as all domains of adaptive functioning (socialization, communication, and daily living skills)...
September 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123912/detecting-communicative-intent-in-a-computerised-test-of-joint-attention
#13
Nathan Caruana, Genevieve McArthur, Alexandra Woolgar, Jon Brock
The successful navigation of social interactions depends on a range of cognitive faculties-including the ability to achieve joint attention with others to share information and experiences. We investigated the influence that intention monitoring processes have on gaze-following response times during joint attention. We employed a virtual reality task in which 16 healthy adults engaged in a collaborative game with a virtual partner to locate a target in a visual array. In the Search task, the virtual partner was programmed to engage in non-communicative gaze shifts in search of the target, establish eye contact, and then display a communicative gaze shift to guide the participant to the target...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062515/joint-attention-and-brain-functional-connectivity-in-infants-and-toddlers
#14
Adam T Eggebrecht, Jed T Elison, Eric Feczko, Alexandre Todorov, Jason J Wolff, Sridhar Kandala, Chloe M Adams, Abraham Z Snyder, John D Lewis, Annette M Estes, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Kelly N Botteron, Robert C McKinstry, John N Constantino, Alan Evans, Heather C Hazlett, Stephen Dager, Sarah J Paterson, Robert T Schultz, Martin A Styner, Guido Gerig, Samir Das, Penelope Kostopoulos, Bradley L Schlaggar, Steven E Petersen, Joseph Piven, John R Pruett
Initiating joint attention (IJA), the behavioral instigation of coordinated focus of 2 people on an object, emerges over the first 2 years of life and supports social-communicative functioning related to the healthy development of aspects of language, empathy, and theory of mind. Deficits in IJA provide strong early indicators for autism spectrum disorder, and therapies targeting joint attention have shown tremendous promise. However, the brain systems underlying IJA in early childhood are poorly understood, due in part to significant methodological challenges in imaging localized brain function that supports social behaviors during the first 2 years of life...
January 6, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027954/simulating-social-interactions-for-the-experimental-investigation-of-joint-attention
#15
REVIEW
Nathan Caruana, Genevieve McArthur, Alexandra Woolgar, Jon Brock
Social interactions are, by their nature, dynamic and reciprocal - your behaviour affects my behaviour, which affects your behaviour in return. However, until recently, the field of social cognitive neuroscience has been dominated by paradigms in which participants passively observe social stimuli from a detached "third person" perspective. Here we consider the unique conceptual and methodological challenges involved in adopting a "second person" approach whereby social cognitive mechanisms and their neural correlates are investigated within social interactions (Schilbach et al...
December 24, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013039/gaze-leading-is-associated-with-liking
#16
Ouriel Grynszpan, Jean-Claude Martin, Philippe Fossati
Gaze plays a pivotal role in human communication, especially for coordinating attention. The ability to guide the gaze orientation of others forms the backbone of joint attention. Recent research has raised the possibility that gaze following behaviors could induce liking. The present study seeks to investigate this hypothesis. We designed two physically different human avatars that could follow the gaze of users via eye-tracking technology. In a preliminary experiment, 20 participants assessed the baseline appeal of the two avatars and confirmed that the avatars differed in this respect...
February 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990716/quantitative-measurement-of-communication-ability-in-children-with-angelman-syndrome
#17
Joseph C Grieco, Ruth H Bahr, Mike R Schoenberg, Laura Conover, Lauren N Mackie, Edwin J Weeber
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome is a rare disorder in which most individuals do not develop speech. Testing of communication ability using traditional neuropsychological measures reveals a performance level at or near the floor of the instrument resulting in an inability to detect change when experimental therapeutics are applied. METHODS: Nine individuals, with molecularly confirmed AS, ranging in age from 34 to 126 months, and a single healthy control child (age 16 months) were audio and video-recorded while interacting with a licensed speech-language pathologist in an attempt to elicit vocalization and non-verbal communication...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966784/hybrid-implementation-model-of-community-partnered-early-intervention-for-toddlers-with-autism-a-randomized-trial
#18
Stephanie Y Shire, Ya-Chih Chang, Wendy Shih, Suzanne Bracaglia, Maria Kodjoe, Connie Kasari
BACKGROUND: Interventions found to be effective in research settings are often not as effective when implemented in community settings. Considering children with autism, studies have rarely examined the efficacy of laboratory-tested interventions on child outcomes in community settings using randomized controlled designs. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen children with autism enrolled in public early intervention classrooms in low resource neighborhoods were randomized to Joint Attention, Symbolic Play, Engagement, and Regulation (JASPER) intervention or treatment as usual waitlist for 10 weeks with 1-month follow-up...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927686/concern-for-others-a-study-on-empathy-in-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#19
Evelien Dirks, Lizet Ketelaar, Rosanne van der Zee, Anouk P Netten, Johan H M Frijns, Carolien Rieffe
Empathy, the ability to feel the emotions of others and respond affectively to these emotions, is an important factor in the development of social competence. The purpose of this study was to examine empathy levels in toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared to toddlers with no hearing loss (nHL), and to explore the relation between language ability and empathy. We focused on affective empathy and the precursors of cognitive empathy. A total of 23 toddlers with MHL and 21 toddlers with nHL participated in the study...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804047/chimpanzee-personality-and-the-arginine-vasopressin-receptor-1a-genotype
#20
V A D Wilson, A Weiss, T Humle, N Morimura, T Udono, G Idani, T Matsuzawa, S Hirata, M Inoue-Murayama
Polymorphisms of the arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (AVPR1a) gene have been linked to various measures related to human social behavior, including sibling conflict and agreeableness. In chimpanzees, AVPR1a polymorphisms have been associated with traits important for social interactions, including sociability, joint attention, dominance, conscientiousness, and hierarchical personality dimensions named low alpha/stability, disinhibition, and negative emotionality/low dominance. We examined associations between AVPR1a and six personality domains and hierarchical personality dimensions in 129 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) living in Japan or in a sanctuary in Guinea...
March 2017: Behavior Genetics
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