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"Early social communication scale"

Monika Abels, Ted Hutman
In this study the eco-cultural model of parenting (Keller, H. (2007). Cultures of infancy. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum) was applied to the study of joint attention behavior of children from families with different socio-economic status (SES). It was hypothesized that infants' early communication styles would differ with SES reflecting more independent or interdependent interactions with their caregivers. It was also hypothesized that infants would use the same types of behaviors whether they have declarative or imperative communication goals...
August 2015: Infant Behavior & Development
Katherine E Pickard, Brooke R Ingersoll
Frequency of high-level (showing/pointing) and low-level (coordinated gaze shifts) behaviors on the Early Social Communication Scales are often used as a measure of joint attention initiations (IJA). This study examined the degree to which these skills and response to joint attention (RJA; e.g. gaze following) were differentially related to measures of language and imitation in 53 children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 22 and 93 months. High-level and low-level IJA were not associated with each other, and only high-level IJA was associated with RJA, and language and imitation measures...
January 2015: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Anett Kaale, Morten W Fagerland, Egil W Martinsen, Lars Smith
OBJECTIVE: This study reports 12-month follow-up data from a randomized controlled trial of preschool-based social communication treatment for young children with autism. METHOD: A total of 61 children (48 males) with autism, 29 to 60 months of age, had earlier been randomized either to 8 weeks of preschool-based social communication treatment in addition to standard preschool program (n = 34) or to standard preschool program only (n = 27). Significant short-term effects on targeted social communication skills have previously been published...
February 2014: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Allison Bean Ellawadi, Susan Ellis Weismer
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether scoring of the gestures point,give, and show were correlated across measurement tools used to assess gesture production in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD Seventy-eight children with ASD between the ages of 23 and 37 months participated. Correlational analyses were conducted to determine whether performance of 3 key gestures related to joint attention and behavior regulation (point, give, show) were correlated across 3 different measurement tools: the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, the Early Social Communication Scale, and the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory: Words and Gestures...
April 1, 2014: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Laura J Hahn, Deborah J Fidler, Susan L Hepburn, Sally J Rogers
This study examined the relationship between early intersubjective skills (joint attention and affect sharing) and the development of the understanding of intentionality in 16 young children with Down syndrome (DS) and 16 developmentally matched children with other developmental disabilities (DD). The study of intentionality focuses on how children come to understand the goal-directed actions of others and is an important precursor to the development of more complex social cognitive skills, such as theory of mind...
December 2013: Research in Developmental Disabilities
(no author information available yet)
Reduced responsiveness to joint attention (RJA), as assessed by the Early Social Communication Scales (ESCS), is predictive of both subsequent language difficulties and autism diagnosis. Eye-tracking measurement of RJA is a promising prognostic tool because it is highly precise and standardized. However, the construct validity of eye-tracking assessments of RJA has not been established. By comparing RJA in an eye-tracking paradigm to RJA during the ESCS, the current study evaluated the construct validity of an eye-tracking assessment of RJA for 18-month-old infant siblings of children with autism...
July 1, 2012: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
Basilio Noris, Jacqueline Nadel, Mandy Barker, Nouchine Hadjikhani, Aude Billard
BACKGROUND: Visual behavior is known to be atypical in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Monitor-based eye-tracking studies have measured several of these atypicalities in individuals with Autism. While atypical behaviors are known to be accentuated during natural interactions, few studies have been made on gaze behavior in natural interactions. In this study we focused on i) whether the findings done in laboratory settings are also visible in a naturalistic interaction; ii) whether new atypical elements appear when studying visual behavior across the whole field of view...
2012: PloS One
Basilio Noris, Mandy Barker, Jacqueline Nadel, François Hentsch, François Ansermet, Aude Billard
In this paper, we report on a study on gaze behavior by children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) during a dyadic interaction in a naturalistic environment. Twelve children with ASD were contrasted to twelve typically developing (TD) children, in a semi-structured interaction with a selection of items from the Early Social Communication Scale (ESCS). We used the WearCam, a novel head-mounted eye-tracker designed for children, to obtain gaze information across the broad field of view from the viewpoint of the child...
2011: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Kåre S Olafsen, John A Rønning, Bjørn Helge Handegård, Stein Erik Ulvund, Lauritz Bredrup Dahl, Per Ivar Kaaresen
Temperamental regulatory competence and social communication in term and preterm infants at 12 months corrected age was studied in a randomized controlled intervention trial aimed at enhancing maternal sensitive responsiveness. Surviving infants <2000 g from a geographically defined area were randomized to an intervention (71) or a control group (69), and compared with term infants (74). The intervention was a modified version of the "Mother-Infant Transaction Program". Regulatory competence was measured with the Infant Behavior Questionnaire, and social communication with the Early Social Communication Scales...
February 2012: Infant Behavior & Development
Anett Kaale, Lars Smith, Eili Sponheim
BACKGROUND: Deficits in joint attention (JA) and joint engagement (JE) represent a core problem in young children with autism as these affect language and social development. Studies of parent-mediated and specialist-mediated JA-intervention suggest that such intervention may be effective. However, there is little knowledge about the success of the intervention when done in preschools. AIM: Assess the effects of a preschool-based JA-intervention. METHODS: 61 children (48 males) with autistic disorder (29-60 months) were randomized to either 8 weeks of JA-intervention, in addition to their preschool programs (n = 34), or to preschool programs only (n = 27)...
January 2012: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Chung-Hsin Chiang, Wei-Tsuen Soong, Tzu-Ling Lin, Sally J Rogers
OBJECTIVE: The study was to examine nonverbal communication in young children with autism. METHODS: The participants were 23 young children with autism (mean CA = 32.79 months), 23 CA and MA-matched children with developmental delay and 22 18-20-month-old, and 22 13-15-month-old typically developing toddlers and infants. The abbreviated Early Social Communication Scales [Mundy et al. 1996, Early social communication scales (ESCS)] were used to test three types of nonverbal communicative skills, i...
November 2008: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Elizabeth M Roos, Andrea S McDuffie, Susan Ellis Weismer, Morton Ann Gernsbacher
Children on the autism spectrum often demonstrate atypical joint attention, leading some researchers to consider joint attention deficits a core feature of the autism spectrum. Structured measures, such as the Early Social Communication Scales (ESCS), are commonly used to provide a metric of joint attention. To explore the assessment of joint attention in multiple contexts, we implemented an alternative system for coding joint attention behaviors. We compared initiation of joint attention (IJA) and response to joint attention (RJA) behaviors coded from naturalistic examiner-child play samples with similar IJA and RJA behaviors elicited within the structured ESCS protocol...
May 2008: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Tricia D Cassel, Daniel S Messinger, Lisa V Ibanez, John D Haltigan, Susan I Acosta, Albert C Buchman
Infants with older siblings with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD-sibs) are at risk for socioemotional difficulties. ASD-sibs were compared to infants with typically developing older siblings (TD-sibs) using the face-to-face/still-face (FFSF) at 6 months and the Early Social Communication Scale (ESCS) at 8, 10, 12, 15, and/or 18 months. ASD-sibs smiled for a lower proportion of the FFSF than TD-sibs and lacked emotional continuity between episodes. With respect to TD-sibs, ASD-sibs engaged in lower rates of initiating joint attention at 15 months, lower rates of higher-level behavioral requests at 12 months, and responded to fewer joint attention bids at 18 months...
January 2007: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Kåre S Olafsen, John A Rønning, Per Ivar Kaaresen, Stein Erik Ulvund, Bjørn Helge Handegård, Lauritz Bredrup Dahl
This study tested the effects of optimized neonatal mother-infant transactions on joint attention performance at 12 months. Surviving infants <2000g from a geographically defined area were randomly assigned to a preterm intervention (n=71) or preterm control group (n=69). Comparisons were made between preterm groups, secondary with a term group (n=75). Joint attention was measured using the Early Social Communication Scales. Preterm intervention infants scored significantly higher than preterm control infants on elements Initiating Joint Attention (p<0...
December 2006: Infant Behavior & Development
Meaghan Venezia, Daniel S Messinger, Danielle Thorp, Peter Mundy
When do infants begin to communicate positive affect about physical objects to their social partners? We examined developmental changes in the timing of smiles during episodes of initiating joint attention that involved an infant gazing between an object and a social partner. Twenty-six typically developing infants were observed at 8, 10, and 12 months during the Early Social-Communication Scales, a semistructured assessment for eliciting initiating joint attention and related behaviors. The proportion of infant smiling during initiating joint attention episodes did not change with age, but there was a change in the timing of the smiles...
2004: Infancy: the Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies
Wendy A Goldberg, Kelly L Jarvis, Kathryn Osann, Tracy M Laulhere, Carol Straub, Erin Thomas, Pauline Filipek, M Anne Spence
The early social and communicative development of very young siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the focus of the current study. Three groups of children were included: (1) young children diagnosed with ASD, (2) younger siblings in families with a somewhat older child with ASD, and (3) young typically developing children. All children participated in a videotaped, structured interactional procedure called the Early Social Communication Scales (ESCS; [Mundy & Hogan, 1996, A Preliminary Manual for the Abridged Early Social Communication Scales (ESCS) Unpublished manual, University of Miami])...
October 2005: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Deborah J Fidler, Amy Philofsky, Susan L Hepburn, Sally J Rogers
The association between nonverbal requesting (as measured by the Early Social Communication Scales) and problem-solving skills (as measured by an object retrieval task) was examined in 16 toddlers who had Down syndrome, 18 toddlers with developmental disabilities of mixed etiologies, and 19 typically developing infants and toddlers. Toddlers with Down syndrome showed fewer instrumental requests than did those in the typically developing group, but equal numbers of social routine requests. Toddlers with Down syndrome also showed poorer problem-solving strategies and received more help than children in both comparison groups on the object-retrieval task...
July 2005: American Journal of Mental Retardation: AJMR
Lynnette M Henderson, Paul J Yoder, Marygrace E Yale, Andrea McDuffie
We examined the longitudinal relationships between power data in two bands (i.e. 4-6 and 6-9Hz) of electrical activity in the brain at 14 months, as measured by background electroencephalograms (EEG), with protodeclarative and protoimperative pointing at 18 months, as measured by the Early Social Communication Scales (ESCS), [Mundy et al., ESCS: A Preliminary Manual for the Abridged Early Social Communication Scales, 1996, unpublished manual] (n=27). EEGs were recorded from 64 sensors using the Electrical Geodesics (EGI) system's dense array sensor nets...
June 2002: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
R Caplan, D Guthrie, S Komo, W D Shields, M Sigmann
The postoperative development of nonverbal communication was studied in 29 children, aged 18.2 (SD = 11.54) months, who underwent multilobar resection or hemispherectomy for intractable symptomatic infantile spasms (IS). Using the Early Social Communication Scale, the IS subjects had little, if any, social interaction, joint attention or behavior regulation before surgery. After a mean follow-up of 24 months, most of the children continued to have delayed nonverbal communication skills compared to normal children...
November 1999: Developmental Neuroscience
T M Field, F Scafidi, J Pickens, M Prodromidis, M Pelaez-Nogueras, J Torquati, H Wilcox, J Malphurs, S Schanberg, C Kuhn
This study investigated the effects of an intervention for polydrug-using adolescent mothers. The program included educational, vocational, and parenting classes; social and drug rehab; and day care for their infants while they attended school half-day. The drug-exposed infants were similar to the nonexposed infants on traditional birth measures, although they had inferior Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale scores, including habituation, orientation, abnormal reflexes, general irritability, and regulatory capacity...
1998: Adolescence
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