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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811370/decoding-ants-olfactory-system-sheds-light-on-the-evolution-of-social-communication
#1
Patrizia d'Ettorre, Nina Deisig, Jean-Christophe Sandoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806861/impact-of-joint-attention-on-social-communication-skills-in-internationally-adopted-children
#2
Stephanie A Moberg, Rowena Ng, Dana E Johnson, Maria G Kroupina
Internationally adopted (IA) children have often experienced early adversity and are at risk for long-term deficiencies in multiple developmental domains. This study examined the association between IA children's joint attention (JA) soon after arrival and later cognitive, communicative, and socioemotional competency 6 months' postadoption. We expected a child's initial JA would positively predict later cognitive, communication, and social ability. IA children (n = 63) adopted from Eastern Europe were seen soon after their arrival into the United States to assess their JA...
August 14, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803559/rethinking-the-idea-of-late-autism-spectrum-disorder-onset
#3
Elizabeth C Bacon, Eric Courchesne, Cynthia Carter Barnes, Debra Cha, Sunny Pence, Laura Schreibman, Aubyn C Stahmer, Karen Pierce
A common theory of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom onset includes toddlers who do not display symptoms until well after age 2, which are termed late-onset ASD cases. Objectives were to analyze differences in clinical phenotype between toddlers identified as ASD at initial evaluations (early diagnosed) versus those initially considered nonspectrum, then later identified as ASD (late diagnosed). Two hundred seventy-three toddlers recruited from the general population based on a failed developmental screening form or parent or physician concerns were followed longitudinally from 12 months and identified as early- and late-diagnosed cases of ASD, language delayed, or typically developing...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801991/early-autism-symptoms-in-infants-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#4
Nicole M McDonald, Kandice J Varcin, Rujuta Bhatt, Joyce Y Wu, Mustafa Sahin, Charles A Nelson, Shafali S Jeste
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare, autosomal dominant genetic syndrome that confers significantly increased risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with 50-60% of infants with TSC meeting criteria for ASD by 3 years of age. In a previous study of the current longitudinal cohort, we found that infants with TSC who develop ASD (TSC/ASD) evidence decreased cognitive abilities that diverge from infants with TSC and no ASD (TSC/no ASD). We extended this work by asking whether TSC/ASD infants (n = 13) differed from TSC/no ASD infants (n = 10) and infants with low developmental risk and no ASD (LR; n = 21) in their social communication functioning during the first year of life...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797097/detection-of-communities-with-naming-game-based-methods
#5
Thais Gobet Uzun, Carlos Henrique Costa Ribeiro
Complex networks are often organized in groups or communities of agents that share the same features and/or functions, and this structural organization is built naturally with the formation of the system. In social networks, we argue that the dynamic of linguistic interactions of agreement among people can be a crucial factor in generating this community structure, given that sharing opinions with another person bounds them together, and disagreeing constantly would probably weaken the relationship. We present here a computational model of opinion exchange that uncovers the community structure of a network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796781/embodied-conversational-agents-for-multimodal-automated-social-skills-training-in-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Hiroki Tanaka, Hideki Negoro, Hidemi Iwasaka, Satoshi Nakamura
Social skills training, performed by human trainers, is a well-established method for obtaining appropriate skills in social interaction. Previous work automated the process of social skills training by developing a dialogue system that teaches social communication skills through interaction with a computer avatar. Even though previous work that simulated social skills training only considered acoustic and linguistic information, human social skills trainers take into account visual and other non-verbal features...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790824/pivotal-response-treatment-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-current-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Jiedi Lei, Pamela Ventola
Pivotal response treatment (PRT) is an evidence-based behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis principles aimed to improve social communication skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PRT adopts a more naturalistic approach and focuses on using a number of strategies to help increase children's motivation during intervention. Since its conceptualization, PRT has received much empirical support for eliciting therapeutic gains in greater use of functional social communication skills in individuals with ASD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778056/cognitive-predictors-of-adaptive-functioning-in-children-with-symptomatic-epilepsy
#8
Elizabeth N Kerr, Nora Fayed
The current study sought to understand the contribution of the attention and working memory challenges experienced by children with active epilepsy without an intellectual disability to adaptive functioning (AF) while taking into account intellectual ability, co-occurring brain-based psychosocial diagnoses, and epilepsy-related variables. METHODS: The relationship of attention and working memory with AF was examined in 76 children with active epilepsy with intellectual ability above the 2nd percentile recruited from a tertiary care center...
July 28, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771398/robin-a-telepresence-robot-to-support-older-users-monitoring-and-social-inclusion-development-and-evaluation
#9
Gabriella Cortellessa, Francesca Fracasso, Alessandra Sorrentino, Andrea Orlandini, Giulio Bernardi, Luca Coraci, Riccardo De Benedictis, Amedeo Cesta
INTRODUCTION: This article describes an enhanced telepresence robot named ROBIN, part of a telecare system derived from the GIRAFFPLUS project for supporting and monitoring older adults at home. ROBIN is integrated in a sensor-rich environment that aims to continuously monitor physical and psychological wellbeing of older persons living alone. The caregivers (formal/informal) can communicate through it with their assisted persons. Long-term trials in real houses highlighted several user requirements that inspired improvements on the robotic platform...
August 3, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770874/impact-of-social-interdependence-on-emotional-well-being-of-medical-students
#10
Shaahjahan Katpar, Zohaib Rana, Mehwish Hussain, Rakhshaan Khan, Rehana Rehman
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of social interdependence on emotional well-being in medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Karachi from June 2013 to January 2014 and comprised first-year medical students of 5 private and 3 public-sector colleges. Students of both genders aged 19-24 years were included. Quantitative aspects of social and emotional wellness were evaluated using a structured questionnaire from the wellness wheel on a four-point Likert's scale (score ranging from 0 to 3)...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769837/trait-anxiety-impacts-the-perceived-gaze-direction-of-fearful-but-not-angry-faces
#11
Zhonghua Hu, Maria Gendron, Qiang Liu, Guang Zhao, Hong Li
Facial expression and gaze direction play an important role in social communication. Previous research has demonstrated the perception of anger is enhanced by direct gaze, whereas, it is unclear whether perception of fear is enhanced by averted gaze. In addition, previous research has shown the anxiety affects the processing of facial expression and gaze direction, but hasn't measured or controlled for depression. As a result, firm conclusions cannot be made regarding the impact of individual differences in anxiety and depression on perceptions of face expressions and gaze direction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761767/investigating-the-evidence-of-behavioral-cognitive-and-psychiatric-endophenotypes-in-autism-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Kavita Ruparelia, Karim Manji, Amina Abubakar, Charles R Newton
Substantial evidence indicates that parents of autistic individuals often display milder forms of autistic traits referred to as the broader autism phenotype (BAP). To determine if discrete endophenotypes of autism can be identified, we reviewed the literature to assess the evidence of behavioral, cognitive, and psychiatric profiles of the BAP. A systematic review was conducted using EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PsycEXTRA, and Global Health. Sixty papers met our inclusion criteria and results are discussed according to the proportion of studies that yield significant deficits per domain...
2017: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756186/event-related-potential-response-to-auditory-social-stimuli-parent-reported-social-communicative-deficits-and-autism-risk-in-school-aged-children-with-congenital-visual-impairment
#13
Joe Bathelt, Naomi Dale, Michelle de Haan
Communication with visual signals, like facial expression, is important in early social development, but the question if these signals are necessary for typical social development remains to be addressed. The potential impact on social development of being born with no or very low levels of vision is therefore of high theoretical and clinical interest. The current study investigated event-related potential responses to basic social stimuli in a rare group of school-aged children with congenital visual disorders of the anterior visual system (globe of the eye, retina, anterior optic nerve)...
July 19, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750904/a-comparison-of-rule-based-and-machine-learning-approaches-for-classifying-patient-portal-messages
#14
Robert M Cronin, Daniel Fabbri, Joshua C Denny, S Trent Rosenbloom, Gretchen Purcell Jackson
OBJECTIVE: Secure messaging through patient portals is an increasingly popular way that consumers interact with healthcare providers. The increasing burden of secure messaging can affect clinic staffing and workflows. Manual management of portal messages is costly and time consuming. Automated classification of portal messages could potentially expedite message triage and delivery of care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed automated patient portal message classifiers with rule-based and machine learning techniques using bag of words and natural language processing (NLP) approaches...
September 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750171/remediation-of-social-communication-impairments-following-traumatic-brain-injury-using-metacognitive-strategy-intervention-a-pilot-study
#15
Emma Finch, Petrea Cornwell, Anna Copley, Emmah Doig, Jennifer Fleming
OBJECTIVE: To perform a pilot study to evaluate whether a novel metacognitive, goal-based intervention improved and maintained the social communication skills of adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Eight community-dwelling participants with TBI completed three study phases: (1) baseline, (2) eight-week intervention targeting social communication impairments and (3) follow-up. Participants completed the Profile of Pragmatic Impairment in Communication (PPIC), LaTrobe Communication Questionnaire (LCQ) and Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) at the commencement of baseline phase, pre- and post-intervention and completion of the follow-up phase...
July 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749236/are-males-and-females-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-more-similar-than-we-thought
#16
Joanna L Mussey, Nicole C Ginn, Laura G Klinger
Differences in behavioral and cognitive profiles have been suggested to potentially impact the presentation of social and communication symptoms in females with autism spectrum disorder. This study examined gender differences in age of diagnosis, cognitive profiles, social communication symptomatology, and autism spectrum disorder symptom severity in a community-based sample of 566 males and 113 females with autism spectrum disorder ranging in age from 1 year, 9 months to 56 years, 4 months. Results suggest either very small or no gender differences in age at diagnosis, intelligence quotient, cognitive profiles, or autism spectrum disorder symptom severity...
August 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749232/behavioural-and-cognitive-sex-gender-differences-in-autism-spectrum-condition-and-typically-developing-males-and-females
#17
Laura Hull, William Mandy, K V Petrides
Studies assessing sex/gender differences in autism spectrum conditions often fail to include typically developing control groups. It is, therefore, unclear whether observed sex/gender differences reflect those found in the general population or are particular to autism spectrum conditions. A systematic search identified articles comparing behavioural and cognitive characteristics in males and females with and without an autism spectrum condition diagnosis. A total of 13 studies were included in meta-analyses of sex/gender differences in core autism spectrum condition symptoms (social/communication impairments and restricted/repetitive behaviours and interests) and intelligence quotient...
August 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747197/prenatal-and-postnatal-bisphenol-a-exposure-and-social-impairment-in-4-year-old-children
#18
Youn-Hee Lim, Sanghyuk Bae, Bung-Nyun Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Young Ah Lee, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Yun-Chul Hong
BACKGROUND: Prenatal and postnatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) may affect early brain development. Rodent studies suggest that prenatal and postnatal neurodevelopmental toxicity from BPA exposure may manifest as social deficits in offspring. We investigated the association between prenatal and postnatal exposure to BPA and social impairments in a sample of 4-year-old children. METHODS: We recruited second-trimester pregnant women between 2008 and 2011, and measured their creatinine-adjusted prenatal urine BPA levels...
July 26, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744214/impairments-of-speech-comprehension-in-patients-with-tinnitus-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Daniela Ivansic, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius, Boris Müller, Gerd F Volk, Gerlind Schneider, Christian Dobel
Tinnitus describes the subjective perception of a sound despite the absence of external stimulation. Being a sensory symptom the majority of studies focusses on the auditory pathway. In the recent years, a series of studies suggested a crucial involvement of the limbic system in the manifestation and development of chronic tinnitus. Regarding cognitive symptoms, several reviews addressed the presence of cognitive impairments in tinnitus as well and concluded that attention and memory processes are affected...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744208/neurodevelopmental-hypothesis-about-the-etiology-of-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Toshio Inui, Shinichiro Kumagaya, Masako Myowa-Yamakoshi
Previous models or hypotheses of autism spectral disorder (ASD) failed to take into full consideration the chronological and causal developmental trajectory, leading to the emergence of diverse phenotypes through a complex interaction between individual etiologies and environmental factors. Those phenotypes include persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction (criteria A in DSM-5), and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities (criteria B in DSM-5). In this article, we proposed a domain-general model that can explain criteria in DSM-5 based on the assumption that the same etiological mechanism would trigger the various phenotypes observed in different individuals with ASD...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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