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"Social communication"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138108/analysis-of-social-process-in-two-inbred-strains-of-male-mice-a-predominance-of-contact-based-investigation-in-balb-c-mice
#1
Hiroyuki Arakawa
Developing mouse models for social communication deficits requires a better understanding of the nature of social investigatory processes between mice. Mice use different investigatory strategies based on a possibility of contacts with social sources. A detailed investigation of contact distance revealed strain differences in behavioral strategy between two male inbred C57BL/6 (B6) and BALB/c (BALB) mouse strains. When direct physical contact with stimulus mice was restricted, BALB mice displayed lower social approaches than B6 mice, accompanied by heightened innate anxiety in an unfamiliar environment...
November 11, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122040/video-modeling-for-the-development-of-personal-hygiene-skills-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
S Piccin, A Crippa, M Nobile, A Y Hardan, P Brambilla
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder mainly characterised by deficits in social communication as well as by narrow patterns of behaviour and interests (American Psychiatric Association, 2013), often accompanied by language, intellectual and sensory impairments. The severity of these impairments may lead to deficits in the development of daily living activities such as simple meal preparation and feeding, community skills (e.g. buying groceries), personal care (e.g. dressing) and personal hygiene skills (bathing, toileting, hand washing, teeth brushing) needed for independence...
November 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100714/psychometric-properties-of-voice-activity-participation-profile-persian-version-vappp
#3
Maryam Faham, Zahra Ghayoumi Anaraki, Akram Ahmadi, Abbas Ebadi, Erin Pearson Silverman
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with voice disorders may experience limits in activity and restricted participation in daily activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Voice Activity Participation Profile-Persian Version (VAPPP), a questionnaire which specifically investigates activity limitation and participation restriction in Persian-speaking individuals with voice disorders. METHOD: We completed a translation procedure according to World Health Organization guidelines, prior to administering the questionnaire to 208 participants (156 patients with dysphonia and 52 controls), each of whom completed the questionnaire...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100628/developmental-changes-within-the-genetic-architecture-of-social-communication-behavior-a-multivariate-study-of-genetic-variance-in-unrelated-individuals
#4
Beate St Pourcain, Lindon J Eaves, Susan M Ring, Simon E Fisher, Sarah Medland, David M Evans, George Davey Smith
BACKGROUND: Recent analyses of trait-disorder overlap suggest that psychiatric dimensions may relate to distinct sets of genes that exert maximum influence during different periods of development. This includes analyses of social communication difficulties that share, depending on their developmental stage, stronger genetic links with either autism spectrum disorder or schizophrenia. We developed a multivariate analysis framework in unrelated individuals to model directly the developmental profile of genetic influences contributing to complex traits, such as social communication difficulties, during an approximately 10-year period spanning childhood and adolescence...
September 28, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092799/novel-drosophila-model-for-psychiatric-disorders-including-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-targeting-of-atp-binding-cassette-protein-a
#5
Ibuki Ueoka, Hitoshi Kawashima, Atsushi Konishi, Mikio Aoki, Ryo Tanaka, Hideki Yoshida, Toru Maeda, Mamiko Ozaki, Masamitsu Yamaguchi
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interactions, as well as restricted, stereotyped patterns of behavior and interests. In addition, alterations in circadian sleep-wake rhythm are common in young children with ASD. Mutations in ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 13 (ABCA13) have been recently identified in a monkey that displays behavior associated with ASD. ABCA13, a member of the ABCA family of proteins, is predicted to transport lipid molecules and is expressed in the human trachea, testis, bone marrow, hippocampus, cortex, and other tissues...
October 29, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091821/are-gastrointestinal-and-sleep-problems-associated-with-behavioral-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Xiao-Lei Yang, Shuang Liang, Ming-Yang Zou, Cai-Hong Sun, Pan-Pan Han, Xi-Tao Jiang, Wei Xia, Li-Jie Wu
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suffer from concurrent medical symptoms, including gastrointestinal (GI) and sleeping problems. However, there is limited information on the correlation between co-morbidities and autistic behavioral symptoms. In this study, we estimated the prevalence of GI and sleep problems in Chinese ASD children, examined the impacts of GI and sleep problems on autistic behavioral symptoms, and investigated the factors associated with GI and sleep problems. The survey included 169 ASD and 172 healthy children...
October 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082537/the-internet-as-a-source-of-support-for-youth-with-chronic-conditions-a-qualitative-study
#7
S Ahola Kohut, C LeBlanc, K O'Leary, A C McPherson, E McCarthy, C Nguyen, J Stinson
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with chronic conditions often portray themselves as "healthy" online, yet use the Internet as one of their top sources of health information and social communication. There is a need to develop online support programs specific to adolescents with chronic conditions in order to provide a private space to discuss concerns. This paper endeavors to increase our understanding of the online support needs and wants of these adolescents and their interest in and preferences for an online support program...
October 29, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080482/the-impact-of-developmental-coordination-disorder-on-educational-achievement-in-secondary-school
#8
Ian Harrowell, Linda Hollén, Raghu Lingam, Alan Emond
BACKGROUND: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a common developmental disorder but its long term impact on health and education are poorly understood. AIM: To assess the impact of DCD diagnosed at 7 years, and co-occurring developmental difficulties, on educational achievement at 16 years. METHODS: A prospective cohort study using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). National General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) exam results and Special Educational Needs provision were compared for adolescents with DCD (n=284) and controls (n=5425)...
October 25, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076153/examining-bidirectional-effects-between-the-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-core-symptom-domains-and-anxiety-in-children-with-asd
#9
Jorieke Duvekot, Jan van der Ende, Frank C Verhulst, Kirstin Greaves-Lord
BACKGROUND: Although a bidirectional relationship between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and anxiety symptoms is assumed, few studies have investigated this. Moreover, little is known about potential differential relationships of the two core symptom domains of ASD - social communication impairment and restricted, repetitive behavior - with anxiety over time. METHOD: Participants were 130 children with an ASD (M age 6.7 years, 81.5% boys) of whom 79 participated in a follow-up assessment 2 years later...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075533/social-skills-intervention-participation-and-associated-improvements-in-executive-function-performance
#10
Shawn E Christ, Janine P Stichter, Karen V O'Connor, Kimberly Bodner, Amanda J Moffitt, Melissa J Herzog
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social communication. It has been postulated that such difficulties are related to disruptions in underlying cognitive processes such as executive function. The present study examined potential changes in executive function performance associated with participation in the Social Competence Intervention (SCI) program, a short-term intervention designed to improve social competence in adolescents with ASD. Laboratory behavioral performance measures were used to separately evaluate potential intervention-related changes in individual executive function component processes (i...
2017: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074403/speech-perception-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analysis
#11
Ana Tryfon, Nicholas E V Foster, Megha Sharda, Krista L Hyde
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often characterized by atypical language profiles and auditory and speech processing. These can contribute to aberrant language and social communication skills in ASD. The study of the neural basis of speech perception in ASD can serve as a potential neurobiological marker of ASD early on, but mixed results across studies renders it difficult to find a reliable neural characterization of speech processing in ASD. To this aim, the present study examined the functional neural basis of speech perception in ASD versus typical development (TD) using an activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis of 18 qualifying studies...
October 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074281/corrigendum-to-promoting-child-initiated-social-communication-in-children-with-autism-son-rise-program-intervention-effects-j-commun-disord-46-5-6-2013-495-506
#12
Kat Houghton, Julia Schuchard, Charlie Lewis, Cynthia K Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071565/assessing-personal-constructs-of-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-person-centered-measure-of-social-cognition
#13
Sean Hess, Trisha Self, Anthony DiLollo
Many protocols assessing social communication skills of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are based on behavioral observations. It has been suggested, however, that social cognition encompasses processes underlying observable behaviors. Such processes include personal constructs, which can be assessed using repertory grids. Personal constructs of five adolescents with ASD with average or above average intelligence and receptive and expressive language skills were explored using repertory grids in this study...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063203/cortical-dysplasia-and-autistic-trait-severity-in-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-a-clinical-epidemiological-study
#14
Sabine E Mous, Iris E Overwater, Rita Vidal Gato, Jorieke Duvekot, Leontine W Ten Hoopen, Maarten H Lequin, Marie-Claire Y de Wit, Gwendolyn C Dieleman
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is characterized by a high prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Little is known about the relation between cortical dysplasia and ASD severity in TSC. We assessed ASD severity (using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale), tuber and radial migration line (RML) count and location, and cognitive functioning in 52 children with TSC and performed regression and mediation analyses. Tuber and RML count were strongly positively related to ASD severity. However, when correcting for cognitive functioning, the majority of associations became insignificant and only total tuber count remained associated to the severity of restricted/repetitive behaviors...
October 23, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058116/longitudinal-associations-of-social-cognition-and-substance-use-in-childhood-and-early-adolescence-findings-from-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#15
Meg E Fluharty, Jon Heron, Marcus R Munafò
Substance use is associated with impaired social cognition. Experimental studies have shown that acute intoxication of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis decreases the performance in non-verbal, social communication and theory of mind tasks. However, in epidemiological studies the temporal direction of this association has gone relatively unstudied. We investigated both directions of association within an adolescent birth cohort: the association of social cognition with subsequent substance use, and the association of early substance use with subsequent social cognition...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053770/tourette-syndrome-a-disorder-of-the-social-decision-making-network
#16
Roger L Albin
Tourette syndrome is a common neurodevelopmental disorder defined by characteristic involuntary movements, tics, with both motor and phonic components. Tourette syndrome is usually conceptualized as a basal ganglia disorder, with an emphasis on striatal dysfunction. While considerable evidence is consistent with these concepts, imaging data suggest diffuse functional and structural abnormalities in Tourette syndrome brain. Tourette syndrome exhibits features that are difficult to explain solely based on basal ganglia circuit dysfunctions...
August 22, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046557/a-multidimensional-framework-for-studying-social-predation-strategies
#17
REVIEW
Stephen D J Lang, Damien R Farine
Social predation-the act of hunting and feeding with others-is one of the most successful life-history traits in the animal kingdom. Although many predators hunt and feed together, a diversity of mechanisms exist by which individuals forage socially. However, a comprehensive framework capturing this diversity is lacking, preventing us from better understanding cooperative forms of predation, and how such behaviours have evolved and been maintained over time. We outline a framework of social predation that describes five key behavioural dimensions: sociality, communication, specialization, resource sharing, and dependence...
September 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040924/early-social-communication-in-infants-with-fragile-x-syndrome-and-infant-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Laura J Hahn, Nancy C Brady, Lindsay McCary, Lisa Rague, Jane E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Little research in fragile X syndrome (FXS) has prospectively examined early social communication. AIMS: To compare early social communication in infants with FXS, infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASIBs), and typically developing (TD) infants. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Participants were 18 infants with FXS, 21 ASIBs, and 22 TD infants between 7.5-14.5 months. Social communication was coded using the Communication Complexity Scale during the administration of Autism Observation Scale for Infants...
December 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039668/targets-for-drug-therapy-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-challenges-and-future-directions
#19
Enza Lacivita, Roberto Perrone, Lucia Margari, Marcello Leopoldo
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. Various factors are involved in the etiopathogenesis of ASD, including genetic factors, environmental toxins and stressors, impaired immune responses, mitochondrial dysfunction, and neuroinflammation. The heterogeneity in the phenotype among ASD patients and the complex etiology of the condition have long impeded the advancement of the development of pharmacological therapies...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038711/study-of-the-c677t-and-1298ac-polymorphic-genotypes-of-mthfr-gene-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Farida El-Baz, Mohammed Abd El-Aal, Tarek Moustafa Kamal, Abdelrahim Abdrabou Sadek, Amr Ahmed Othman
BACKGROUND: Autism is currently known as "a behaviorally defined syndrome" manifested as impairment in social communication, repetitive routines and restricted interests. There is an increased risk of ASDs associated with common mutations affecting the folate/methylation cycle. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify C677T and 1298AC polymorphic genotypes of MTHFR gene among a sample of Egyptian children with autism and to make a phenotype-genotype correlation for the autistic patients...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
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