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oral science

Respati W Ranakusuma, Yupitri Pitoyo, Eka D Safitri, Sarah Thorning, Elaine M Beller, Sudigdo Sastroasmoro, Chris B Del Mar
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common acute infection in children. Pain is its most prominent and distressing symptom. Antibiotics are commonly prescribed for AOM, although they have only a modest effect in reducing pain at two to three days. There is insufficient evidence for benefits of other treatment options, including systemic corticosteroids. However, systemic corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory drugs, and so theoretically could be effective, either alone or as an addition to antibiotics...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Guohong Wen, Huadong Wang, Zhaohui Zhong
BACKGROUND: Oral tumor is a heterogeneous group of tumors, in which it has several different histopathological and molecular features. Recently, genetic and epigenetic alterations are often detected in the development of oral cancer. Gene promoter hypermethylation leads to the silencing of cancer related genes without changes of genes sequence. To clarify the effect of RAS association domain family protein 1a (RASSF1A), retinoic acid receptor beta (RARβ), and E-cadherin (CDH1) promoter hypermethylation on the risk of oral cancer, we performed this meta-analysis...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
G Troiano, F Mastrangelo, V C A Caponio, L Laino, N Cirillo, L Lo Muzio
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common type of cancer characterized by a low survival rate, mostly due to local recurrence and metastasis. In view of the importance of predicting tumor behavior in the choice of treatment strategies for OSCC, several studies have attempted to investigate the prognostic value of tissue biomarkers, including microRNA (miRNA). The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between miRNA expression and survival of OSCC patients...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Wenke Cheng, Weijun Liu, Bin Li, Dongfang Li
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is considered that atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for cognitive impairment and dementia, which is independent of stroke. However, the relationship between anticoagulant drugs and cognitive function in patients with atrial fibrillation is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to complete a meta-analysis, and investigate the association between Anticoagulant therapy and cognitive impairment in patients undergoing AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two investigators systematically searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase databases and Web of Science for all studies showing associations...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Farnaz Shahdadian, Hamed Mohammadi, Mohammad Hossein Rouhani
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most important public health issues. Vitamin K supplementation might have favorable effect on risk factors of T2DM. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventional studies to examine the effect of vitamin K supplementation on glycemic indices. A systematic search was performed in electronic databases including PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest, Institute of Scientific Information Web of Science, and Google scholar up to July 2017...
March 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
In-Soo Kim, Hyun-Jung Kim, Tae-Hoon Kim, Jae-Sun Uhm, Boyoung Joung, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Hui-Nam Pak
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in elderly patients (aged ≥75 years) with atrial fibrillation (AF), depending on dose and/or renal function. METHODS: After systematically searching the databases (Medline, EMBASE, CENTRAL, SCOPUS, and Web of Science), 5 phase III randomized controlled trials and reported data according to subgroups of elderly/non-elderly AF patients, comparing any NOACs and warfarin were included...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
Gennaro A Paolella, Andrew D Boyd, Scott M Wirth, Sandra Cuellar, Neeta K Venepalli, Stephanie Y Crawford
Interprofessional care is exhibited in outpatient oncology practices where practitioners from a myriad of specialties (e.g., oncology, nursing, pharmacy, health informatics and others) work collectively with patients to enhance therapeutic outcomes and minimize adverse effects. Historically, most ambulatory-based anticancer medication therapies have been administrated in infusion clinics or physician offices. Oral anticancer medications (OAMs) have become increasingly prevalent and preferred by patients for use in residential or other non-clinic settings...
March 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
William Syrmis, Russell Richard, Sue Jenkins-Marsh, Siew C Chia, Phillip Good
BACKGROUND: Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is a common problem in patients with intra-abdominal cancer. Oral water soluble contrast (OWSC) has been shown to be useful in the management of adhesive small bowel obstruction in identifying patients who will recover with conservative management alone and also in reducing the length of hospital stay. It is not clear whether the benefits of OWSC in adhesive small bowel obstruction are also seen in patients with MBO. OBJECTIVES: To determine the reliability of OWSC media and follow-up abdominal radiographs in predicting the success of conservative treatment in resolving inoperable MBO with conservative management...
March 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Noëmi M C De Roo, Laurent A M Thierens, Liesbeth Temmerman, Guy A M De Pauw
Prior to cryopreservation, a tooth is transported from a contaminated oral environment to the tooth bank. Our objective was to identify all studies reporting or investigating a transport protocol prior to the cryopreservation of teeth, in terms of decontamination of the subjects. The systematic literature search (1970-2017) was based on MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library. The reference lists of the included studies and the Science Citation Index were used for hand searching (snowballing)...
March 7, 2018: Cell and Tissue Banking
N Mundi, J Theurer, A Warner, J Yoo, K Fung, D MacNeil, S Dhaliwal, E Winquist, D A Palma, A C Nichols
Background: Operating room slowdowns occur at specific intervals in the year as a cost-saving measure. We aim to investigate the impact of these slowdowns on the care of oral cavity cancer patients at a Canadian tertiary care centre. Methods: A total of 585 oral cavity cancer patients seen between 1999 and 2015 at the London Health Science Centre (lhsc) Head and Neck Multidisciplinary Clinic were included in this study. Operating room hours and patient load from 2006 to 2014 were calculated...
February 2018: Current Oncology
Hina Rashid, Azmina Hussain, Abdul Hafeez Sheikh, Kehkishan Azam, Sofia Malik, Muhammad Amin
BACKGROUND: Dento-alveolar surgical procedures involving third molar teeth are the most common surgical procedure in the field of surgery. The objective of this research was to analyse the impact of surgery on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after surgical removal of mandibular third molar and to compare two different bone cutting methods following impacted mandibular third molar surgery.. METHODS: This double blinded randomized clinical trial was executed at the OPD of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
J Barochiner, R Martínez, M Choi, W Espeche, R G Micali, A Tomat
INTRODUCTION: Publication rates vary significantly among different scientific meetings, with many abstracts never being published as peer-reviewed articles. This issue has never been investigated in the Hypertension field in Argentina. Our purpose was to determine the proportion of abstracts presented at the Argentinian Congress of Hypertension meetings that were published as full articles in peer-reviewed indexed journals, the time lag to publication and the factors associated with successful publication...
March 1, 2018: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
C Rehn, E Odouard, F Poncet, P Cochat, V Breant, X Dode
BACKGROUND AND GOAL OF THIS STUDY: Few available galenic formulations of drugs have pediatric doses, so that many of them are used off label in children. The influence of such pharmaceutical formulation on therapeutic adherence was evaluated in a systematic review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This search was performed in 4 data bases: Medline, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Science Direct. Included articles were in French or English and focused on therapeutic adherence and route of administration...
March 1, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Ian Lubek, Michael Murray
Academic (sub)disciplines develop in time and place when particular ideas/practices are nurtured within social, gendered, cultural, community, economic and political contexts. Different histories employ different analyses, some with external views of scientific outputs describing research and practice, and others with internal, behind-the-scenes examinations of these developments, through oral histories and personal recollections. This collection, written by historians of (social) science, or practitioners or pioneering participants, uses different historiographical methods to contextualize health-related activities within the sub-discipline of health psychology and the evolving critical and/or community approaches...
March 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Hendrik Lapp, Philipp Makowka, Florian Recker
Introduction: To better prepare young medical students in a thorough and competent manner for the ever increasing clinical, scientific, as well as psychosocial requirements, universities should enable a close, personal transfer of experience and knowledge. Structured mentoring programs are a promising approach to incorporate clinical subjects earlier into the preclinical training. Such a mentoring program facilitates the prioritization of concepts from a broad, theory-heavy syllabus. Here we report the experiences and results of the preclinical mentoring program of Bonn University, which was introduced in the winter semester of 2012/2013...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Sabine Szunerits, Rabah Boukherroub
Advances in materials science and bionanotechnology have allowed the refinements of current drug delivery systems, expected to facilitate the development of personalized medicine. While dermatological topical pharmaceutical formulations such as foams, creams, lotions, gels, etc., have been proposed for decades, these systems target mainly skin-based diseases. To treat systemic medical conditions as well as localized problems such as joint or muscle concerns, transdermal delivery systems (TDDSs), which use the skin as the main route of drug delivery, are very appealing...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Brian S Shumway, Mark L Bernstein, Chen Qian, Manjiri Y Kulkarni, Shesh N Rai
Decreased lecture attendance in undergraduate and health science professions education has been noted throughout the world. The limited study of the effect of lecture attendance on dental students' performance has yielded mixed results, with some studies finding a positive effect and others reporting no association. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of lecture attendance on dental students' final grades in an oral pathology course at one U.S. dental school. Due to a curriculum change, second- and third-year students (N=233) were concurrently enrolled in the spring 2016 oral pathology (OP) course...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Ayman F El-Kattan, Manthena V S Varma
Membrane transporters play an important role in the absorption, distribution, clearance and elimination (ADCE) of the drugs. Supported by the pharmacokinetics data in human, several transporters including organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1, OATP1B3, organic anion transporter (OAT)1, OAT3, organic cation transporter (OCT)2, multidrug and toxin extrusion proteins (MATEs), P-glycoprotein and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) are suggested to be of clinical relevance. An early understanding of transporters role in the drug disposition and clearance allows reliable prediction/evaluation of the pharmacokinetic changes due to drug-drug interactions (DDIs) or genetic polymorphisms...
March 1, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Mary E Northridge, Sara S Metcalf, Stella Yi, Qiuyi Zhang, Xiaoxi Gu, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
Introduction: While the US health care system has the capability to provide amazing treatment of a wide array of conditions, this care is not uniformly available to all population groups. Oral health care is one of the dimensions of the US health care delivery system in which striking disparities exist. More than half of the population does not visit a dentist each year. Improving access to oral health care is a critical and necessary first step to improving oral health outcomes and reducing disparities...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Junfeng Zeng, Xiaowei Yi, Hao Liu, Yi Yang, Yuchen Duan, Hua Chen
Objectives: Single nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNAs (microRNA-196a2 rs11614913, microRNA-146a rs2910164, microRNA-149 rs2292832 and microRNA-499 rs3746444) have been inconsistently associated with risk for oral squamous cell cancer (OSCC). This meta-analysis aimed to assess the correlation between microRNA polymorphisms and susceptibility to OSCC. Materials and Methods: Free words were used to search for the relevant studies without language limitations in electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and SCOPUS through June 15, 2017...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
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