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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376826/the-risk-of-cataractogenesis-after-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Cheng-Loong Liang, Po-Chou Liliang, Tai-Been Chen, Huan-Chen Hsu, Fu-Cheng Chuang, Kuo-Wei Wang, Hao-Kuang Wang, San-Nan Yang, Han-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: Medical radiation is considered a factor responsible for cataractogenesis. However, the incidence of this ophthalmologic complication resulting from gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has not yet been reported. The present study aimed to determine the risk of cataractogenesis associated with radiation exposure from GKRS. METHODS: This study used information from a random sample of one million persons enrolled in the nationally representative Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
April 4, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286397/perforator-peroneal-artery-flap-for-tongue-reconstruction
#2
Shubhra Chauhan, Sachin Chavre, Naveen Hedne Chandrashekar, Naveen B S
INTRODUCTION: Reconstruction has evolved long way from primary closure to flaps. As time evolved, better understanding of vascularity of flap has led to the development of innovative reconstructive techniques. These flaps can be raised from various parts of the body for reconstruction and have shown least donor site morbidity. We use one such peroneal artery perforator flap for tongue reconstruction with advantage of thin pliable flap, minimal donor site morbidity and hidden scar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our patient 57yrs old lady underwent wide local excision with selective neck dissection...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281722/intracranial-region-of-the-vertebral-artery-morphometric-study-in-the-context-of-clinical-usefulness
#3
Jarosław Dzierżanowski, Arkadiusz Szarmach, Bartosz Baścik, Piotr Czapiewski, Adam Muc, Maciej Piskunowicz, Mateusz Krakowiak, Tomasz Szmuda, Paweł Słoniewski, Edyta Szurowska, Paweł J Winklewski
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyse the morphometry of the intracranial segment of the vertebral artery in the context of clinical usefulness. The results were compared with published data available in full-text archived medical journals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: More than 100 DSA (digital subtraction angiography) and 3D angio-CT (computed tomography) examinations were used to measure the following parameters: the whole and partial length of V4 in characteristic anatomical points, the diameter in three places (on the level of foramen magnum, in point of exit to the PICA, and in the vertebro-basilar junction), the angle of connection to the VAs, and all anatomical variations including fenestration, duplication, dolichoectasia or absent artery...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277288/ct-imaging-selection-in-acute-stroke
#4
Laurie Bouchez, Roman Sztajzel, Maria Isabel Vargas, Paolo Machi, Zsolt Kulcsar, Pierre-Alexandre Poletti, Vitor Mendes Pereira, Karl-Olof Lövblad
Acute stroke has become an increasingly treatable cause of acute neurological deficits. Indeed, over the last two decades, the introduction of first thrombolysis, and now thrombectomy has improved patient outcomes and extended the therapeutic window. Computed tomography has been established as the most simple and readily available technique for the diagnosis and management of patients with acute stroke. Indeed, CT allows easy confirmation or exclusion of acute hemorrhage on the one hand, and on the other hand the early signs are quite reliable in the detection of ischemia...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199294/flow-induced-microvascular-network-formation-of-therapeutic-relevant-arteriovenous-av-loop-based-constructs-in-response-to-ionizing-radiation
#5
Volker J Schmidt, Jennifer M Covi, Christoph Koepple, Johannes G Hilgert, Elias Polykandriotis, Amir K Bigdeli, Luitpold V Distel, Raymund E Horch, Ulrich Kneser
BACKGROUND The arteriovenous (AV) loop model enables axial vascularization to gain a functional microcirculatory system in tissue engineering constructs in vivo. These constructs might replace surgical flaps for the treatment of complex wounds in the future. Today, free flaps are often exposed to high-dose radiation after defect coverage, according to guideline-oriented treatment plans. Vascular response of AV loop-based constructs has not been evaluated after radiation, although it is of particular importance...
February 15, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155834/variation-in-the-posterior-condylar-angle
#6
Łukasz Cielmski, Damian Kusz, Michał Wójcik, Jakub Kamiński, Marcin Kusz
BACKGROUND: Clinical success of TKR depends to a large extent on the correct positioning of the implants. The femur cut is usually made in 3° of external rotation relative to the posterior aspect of the femoral condyles, which is a typical value of the Posterior Condylar Angle (PCA). The aim of this study was to assess variation in the PCA and to identify possible correlations between the value of the PCA and the following parameters: gender, body side, body height and weight (BMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 75 patients who underwent an Angio-CT study between 2012 and 2014 due to a suspected vascular disorder...
November 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140457/assessment-and-validation-of-a-novel-angiographic-scoring-system-for-peripheral-artery-disease
#7
D R Morris, T P Singh, J V Moxon, A Smith, F Stewart, R E Jones, J Golledge
BACKGROUND: Angiography is used routinely in the assessment of lower-limb arteries, but there are few well validated angiographic scoring systems. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a novel angiographic scoring system for peripheral artery disease. METHODS: An angiographic scoring system (the ANGIO score) was developed and applied to a sample of patients from a single vascular surgical department who underwent CT angiography of the lower limbs. The reproducibility of the ANGIO score was compared with those of the Bollinger and Trans-Atlantic inter-Society Consensus (TASC) IIb systems in a series of randomly selected patients...
January 31, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048545/we-de-207a-04-advances-in-radiological-neuro-endovascular-interventional-imaging
#8
S Rudin
1. Parallels in the evolution of x-ray angiographic systems and devices used for minimally invasive endovascular therapy Charles Strother - DSA, invented by Dr. Charles Mistretta at UW-Madison, was the technology which enabled the development of minimally invasive endovascular procedures. As DSA became widely available and the potential benefits for accessing the cerebral vasculature from an endovascular approach began to be apparent, industry began efforts to develop tools for use in these procedures. Along with development of catheters, embolic materials, pushable coils and the GDC coils there was simultaneous development and improvement of 2D DSA image quality and the introduction of 3D DSA...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048454/we-de-207a-00-advances-in-image-guided-neurointerventions-clinical-pull-and-technology-push
#9
Jeffrey Siewerdsen, Rebecca Fahrig
1. Parallels in the evolution of x-ray angiographic systems and devices used for minimally invasive endovascular therapy Charles Strother - DSA, invented by Dr. Charles Mistretta at UW-Madison, was the technology which enabled the development of minimally invasive endovascular procedures. As DSA became widely available and the potential benefits for accessing the cerebral vasculature from an endovascular approach began to be apparent, industry began efforts to develop tools for use in these procedures. Along with development of catheters, embolic materials, pushable coils and the GDC coils there was simultaneous development and improvement of 2D DSA image quality and the introduction of 3D DSA...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047800/we-de-207a-01-parallels-in-the-evolution-of-x-ray-angiographic-systems-and-devices-used-for-minimally-invasive-endovascular-therapy
#10
C Strother
1. Parallels in the evolution of x-ray angiographic systems and devices used for minimally invasive endovascular therapy Charles Strother - DSA, invented by Dr. Charles Mistretta at UW-Madison, was the technology which enabled the development of minimally invasive endovascular procedures. As DSA became widely available and the potential benefits for accessing the cerebral vasculature from an endovascular approach began to be apparent, industry began efforts to develop tools for use in these procedures. Along with development of catheters, embolic materials, pushable coils and the GDC coils there was simultaneous development and improvement of 2D DSA image quality and the introduction of 3D DSA...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047144/we-de-207a-02-advances-in-cone-beam-ct-anatomical-and-functional-imaging-in-angio-suite-to-enable-one-stop-shop-stroke-imaging-workflow
#11
G Chen
1. Parallels in the evolution of x-ray angiographic systems and devices used for minimally invasive endovascular therapy Charles Strother - DSA, invented by Dr. Charles Mistretta at UW-Madison, was the technology which enabled the development of minimally invasive endovascular procedures. As DSA became widely available and the potential benefits for accessing the cerebral vasculature from an endovascular approach began to be apparent, industry began efforts to develop tools for use in these procedures. Along with development of catheters, embolic materials, pushable coils and the GDC coils there was simultaneous development and improvement of 2D DSA image quality and the introduction of 3D DSA...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046482/we-de-207a-03-recent-advances-in-devices-used-in-neuro-interventions
#12
M Gounis
1. Parallels in the evolution of x-ray angiographic systems and devices used for minimally invasive endovascular therapy Charles Strother - DSA, invented by Dr. Charles Mistretta at UW-Madison, was the technology which enabled the development of minimally invasive endovascular procedures. As DSA became widely available and the potential benefits for accessing the cerebral vasculature from an endovascular approach began to be apparent, industry began efforts to develop tools for use in these procedures. Along with development of catheters, embolic materials, pushable coils and the GDC coils there was simultaneous development and improvement of 2D DSA image quality and the introduction of 3D DSA...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030932/usage-of-perioperative-anxiety-neuromarker-for-improving-the-quality-of-life-of-a-patient-operated-on-for-critical-stenosis-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#13
Mariusz Trystuła, Paweł Półrola, Juri Kropotov
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to find a neuromarker of perioperative anxiety in a patient with critical carotid stenosis through the use of neuromarkers in Quantitative EEG (QEEG) and Event Related Potentials (ERPs). The indirect purpose of the research was evaluation of improvement in the patient's quality of life. CASE STUDY: A 45-year-old woman was admitted to the Department of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Interventions at the John Paul II Hospital in Krakow, with the diagnosis of critical internal carotid stenosis (over 80%), confirmed by Doppler Ultrasound and Angio-CT examinations...
December 23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974938/spontaneous-vertebral-artery-dissection-with-multiple-supratentorial-and-infratentorial-acute-infarcts-in-the-posterior-circulation-case-report
#14
I Cristea, C Popa
The article represents a case of a young patient with atypical clinical and paraclinical presentation of vertebral artery dissection by multiple cerebral infarcts, localized at the supratentorial and infratentorial levels in the posterior circulation. A case of a 21-year-old man, without a history of trauma in the cervical area or at the cranial level, without recent chiropractic maneuvers or practicing a sport, which required rapid, extreme, rotational movements of the neck, was examined. He presented to the emergency room with nausea, numbness of the left limbs, dysarthria, and incoordination of walking, with multiple objective signs at the neurological examination, which revealed right vertebral artery subacute dissection after the paraclinical investigations...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858166/traumatic-aortic-injury-does-the-anatomy-of-the-aortic-arch-influence-aortic-trauma-severity
#15
Jacek Wojciechowski, Lukasz Znaniecki, Kamil Bury, Kamil Chwojnicki, Jan Rogowski
PURPOSE: Traumatic aortic injury (TAI) is a rare but life-threatening type of injury. We investigate whether the anatomy of the aortic arch influences the severity of aortic injury. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of twenty-two cases treated with TEVAR for TAI in our department from 2009 to 2014. Aortic injury was assessed in accordance with the recommendations of the Society of Vascular Surgery. We measured the aortic arch angle and the aortic arch index, based on the initial angio-CT scan, in each of the analyzed cases...
March 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750252/optimized-flat-detector-ct-in-stroke-imaging-ready-for-first-line-use
#16
Matthias Eckert, Philipp Gölitz, Hannes Lücking, Tobias Struffert, Frauke Knossalla, Arnd Doerfler
BACKGROUND: Using flat-detector CT (FD-CT) for stroke imaging has the advantage that both diagnostic imaging and endovascular therapy can be performed directly within the Angio Suite without any patient transfer and time delay. Thus, stroke management could be speeded up significantly, and patient outcome might be improved. But as precondition for using FD-CT as primary imaging modality, a reliable exclusion of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) has to be possible. This study aimed to investigate whether optimized native FD-CT, using a newly implemented reconstruction algorithm, may reliably detect ICH in stroke patients...
2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743967/-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-experience-over-25-years-and-a-management-protocol
#17
Lorena Monge Galindo, Ruth Fernando Martínez, Cristina Fuertes Rodrigo, David Fustero de Miguel, Victoria Pueyo Royo, Juan Pablo García Iñiguez, Javier López-Pisón, José Luis Peña-Segura
INTRODUCTION: We present our experience on idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), before and after the introduction of a specific diagnosis and management protocol. METHOD: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted on patients with IIH over a 25year period (1990-2015), comparing the last 7years (after introduction of the protocol) with the previous 18years. RESULTS: Among the 18,865 patients evaluated, there were 54 cases of IIH (29 infants and 25 children)...
October 13, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734797/deep-vein-thrombosis-of-the-lower-limb-secondary-to-lumbar-discal-hernia-compression-a-rarity-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
P Di Cello, S Izzo, F Pugliese, I Di Poce, A Orsini, L Izzo, G Mazzone, F Biancucci, G Sinaimeri, S Valabrega, M Almansour, P Izzo
This case report is about a 70-years-old female patient, suffering from discal hernia, with compression of the iliac vein, that led to the formation of deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs. The angio-CT scan revealed the starting point of the L4- L5 compression where a voluminous discal hernia caused deep vein thrombosis, with the involvement the femoro-popliteal venous axis. Blood samples and PET-CT scans excluded other possible etiologic factors. This case demonstrates how a voluminous discal hernia can cause venous thrombosis...
May 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734336/ficolin-1-levels-in-patients-developing-vasospasm-and-cerebral-ischemia-after-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
Laura Llull, Steffen Thiel, Sergio Amaro, Álvaro Cervera, Anna M Planas, Ángel Chamorro
Activation of the inflammatory generating complement system might play a pathogenic role in spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We studied whether plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of complement proteins were associated with angiographic vasospasm and cerebral ischemic lesions after SAH. Ficolin-1 (M-ficolin), ficolin-3 (H-ficolin), mannose-binding lectin (MBL), MBL-associated serine protease 2 (MASP-2), MASP-3, and MAp44 were analyzed in plasma of 45 SAH patients at 24 h after bleeding. Additionally, ficolin-1 levels were measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples obtained 24 h after bleeding in 19 patients with external ventricular drainage placement...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614086/values-of-radiological-examinations-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-invasive-bronchial-pulmonary-aspergillosis-in-critically-ill-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases
#20
Linna Huang, Hangyong He, Yi Ding, Jingjing Jin, Qingyuan Zhan
INTRODUCTION: The important role of radiological examinations of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in patients with neutropenia has been well studied; however, little is known about IPA in critically ill chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of radiological examinations in the diagnosis and prognosis of invasive bronchial-pulmonary aspergillosis (IBPA) in critically ill COPD patients. METHODS: We included 61 critically ill COPD patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) in a retrospective, single-center cohort study...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
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