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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135181/fascinerende-om-et-legeliv-i-allmennpraksis
#1
Even Lærum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134356/secretin-stimulated-ultrasound-estimation-of-pancreatic-secretion-in-cystic-fibrosis-validated-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Trond Engjom, Erling Tjora, Gaute Wathle, Friedemann Erchinger, Birger N Lærum, Odd H Gilja, Ingfrid Salvesen Haldorsen, Georg Dimcevski
OBJECTIVES: Secretin-stimulated magnetic resonance imaging (s-MRI) is the best validated radiological modality assessing pancreatic secretion. The purpose of this study was to compare volume output measures from secretin-stimulated transabdominal ultrasonography (s-US) to s-MRI for the diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic failure in cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: We performed transabdominal ultrasonography and MRI before and at timed intervals during 15 minutes after secretin stimulation in 21 CF patients and 13 healthy controls...
November 13, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123533/identifying-developmental-zones-in-maize-lateral-root-cell-length-profiles-using-multiple-change-point-models
#3
Beatriz Moreno-Ortega, Guillaume Fort, Bertrand Muller, Yann Guédon
The identification of the limits between the cell division, elongation and mature zones in the root apex is still a matter of controversy when methods based on cellular features, molecular markers or kinematics are compared while methods based on cell length profiles have been comparatively underexplored. Segmentation models were developed to identify developmental zones within a root apex on the basis of epidermal cell length profiles. Heteroscedastic piecewise linear models were estimated for maize lateral roots of various lengths of both wild type and two mutants affected in auxin signaling (rtcs and rum-1)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114561/awareness-about-rational-use-of-medicines-among-fresh-bachelor-of-medicine-and-bachelor-of-surgery-graduates
#4
Vijaya Laxman Chaudhari, Smita N Mali, Amruta V Dawari, Tushar B Nishandar
CONTEXT: Fresh Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery graduates (FMGs) are responsible for the majority of prescription errors and irrational use of medicines. Little research has explored their knowledge on rational prescribing practices. AIMS: The present study aimed to evaluate the awareness of rational use of medicines (RUMs) among the FMGs. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A multicentric, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study was conducted among 308 FMGs during the internship orientation program...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110959/-taxation-of-traditional-rums-in-french-overseas-territories-and-public-health-the-example-of-reunion-island
#5
D Mété
BACKGROUND: France has a complex system for the taxation of alcoholic beverages. In the French overseas territories (FOT), the system includes little-known specificities whose purpose is to preserve the sugar-cane-rum sector, a pillar for the weak economies in these territories. Taxes are reduced for traditional rums produced and sold locally. This favors the marketing of alcoholic spirits at low prices. In metropolitan France, on the contrary, spirits are heavily taxed drinks and their share in consumption is minor...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103600/upper-body-accelerations-during-planned-gait-termination-in-young-and-older-women
#6
Lorenzo Rum, Luca Laudani, Andrea Macaluso, Giuseppe Vannozzi
Transitory tasks, such as gait termination, involve interactions between neural and biomechanical factors that challenge postural stability and head stabilization patterns in older adults. The aim of the study was to compare upper body patterns of acceleration during planned gait termination at different speeds between young and older women. Ten young and 10 older women were asked to carry out three gait termination trials at slow, comfortable and fast speed. A stereophotogrammetric system and a 15-body segments model were used to calculate antero-posterior whole-body Center of Mass (AP CoM) speed and to reconstruct the centroids of head, trunk and pelvis segments...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102097/management-of-an-entrapped-patient-with-a-field-amputation
#7
John C Bunyasaranand, Erasmo Espino, Kelli A Rummings, Gregory M Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Emergency surgical amputations are rare and resource-intensive lifesaving interventions. Most emergency medical services (EMS) lack a formal protocol to manage these high-risk but low-occurrence events. There has been limited attention in the EMS community to address this issue. Without a literature-based approach, the EMS community has been offered little guidance on managing surgical field amputations. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old man was terminally entrapped below the waist in an industrial auger...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100340/adenovirus-mediated-decorin-expression-induces-cancer-cell-death-through-activation-of-p53-and-mitochondrial-apoptosis
#8
A-Rum Yoon, JinWoo Hong, Chae-Ok Yun
Decorin (DCN) is a small leucine-rich proteoglycan that plays an important role in the regulation of apoptosis, proliferation, intercellular contact, and cell migration. Here we have investigated the detailed mechanism of apoptotic cell death induced by DCN expression. A marked increase in cytotoxicity was observed for both DCN-expressing replication-incompetent (dE1/DCN) and -competent (dB/DCN) adenoviruses (Ads) compared to the corresponding control Ads. FACS and TUNEL assays revealed that the expression of DCN induced apoptotic cell death...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030866/characterization-of-sensory-differences-in-mixing-and-premium-rums-through-the-use-of-descriptive-sensory-analysis
#9
Chelsea M Ickes, Keith R Cadwallader
This study identified and quantitated perceived sensory differences between 7 premium rums and 2 mixing rums using a hybrid of the Quantitative Descriptive Analysis and Spectrum methods. In addition, the results of this study validated the previously developed rum flavor wheel created from web-based materials. Results showed that the use of the rum flavor wheel aided in sensory term generation, as 17 additional terms were generated after the wheel was provided to panelists. Thirty-eight sensory terms encompassing aroma, aroma-by-mouth, mouthfeel, taste and aftertaste modalities, were generated and evaluated by the panel...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950246/towards-reporting-standards-for-neuropsychological-study-results-a-proposal-to-minimize-communication-errors-with-standardized-qualitative-descriptors-for-normalized-test-scores
#10
Mike R Schoenberg, Ruba S Rum
OBJECTIVE: Rapid, clear and efficient communication of neuropsychological results is essential to benefit patient care. Errors in communication are a lead cause of medical errors; nevertheless, there remains a lack of consistency in how neuropsychological scores are communicated. A major limitation in the communication of neuropsychological results is the inconsistent use of qualitative descriptors for standardized test scores and the use of vague terminology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PubMed search from 1 Jan 2007 to 1 Aug 2016 to identify guidelines or consensus statements for the description and reporting of qualitative terms to communicate neuropsychological test scores was conducted...
November 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946479/acoustic-cavitation-promoted-lipase-catalysed-synthesis-of-isobutyl-propionate-in-solvent-free-system-optimization-and-kinetic-studies
#11
Kajal S Jaiswal, Virendra K Rathod
The present work highlights the effect of ultrasound on enzymatic synthesis of isobutyl propionate, a rum flavor by esterification of isobutanol and propionic acid in non-aqueous, solvent free system (SFS) using Fermase CALB™10000. The optimization study for different variables in presence of ultrasound showed a maximum conversion of 95.14% at 60°C temperature, 4% w/w enzyme dose, 1:3 acid:alcohol ratio, 40W power, 25kHz frequency, 50% duty cycle and 150rpm speed in 3h as compared to 10h of conventional method...
January 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939028/src-activates-taz-for-intestinal-tumorigenesis-and-regeneration
#12
Mi Ran Byun, Jun-Ha Hwang, A Rum Kim, Kyung Min Kim, Jung Il Park, Ho Taek Oh, Eun Sook Hwang, Jeong-Ho Hong
Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src (cSRC) is involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) development and damage-induced intestinal regeneration, although the cellular mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Here, we report that transcriptional coactivator with PDZ binding domain (TAZ) is activated by cSRC, regulating CRC cell proliferation and tumor formation, where cSRC overexpression increases TAZ expression in CRC cells. In contrast, knockdown of cSRC decreases TAZ expression. Additionally, direct phosphorylation of TAZ at Tyr316 by cSRC stimulates nuclear localization and facilitates transcriptional enhancer factor TEF-3 (TEAD4)-mediated transcription...
September 20, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929492/potent-antitumor-effect-of-tumor-microenvironment-targeted-oncolytic-adenovirus-against-desmoplastic-pancreatic-cancer
#13
Yan Li, JinWoo Hong, Joung-Eun Oh, A-Rum Yoon, Chae-Ok Yun
Pancreatic cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death. Desmoplastic pancreatic tumors exhibit excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) and are thus highly resistant to anticancer therapeutics, since the ECM restricts drug penetration and dispersion. Here, we designed and generated two hypoxia-responsive and cancer-specific hybrid promoters, H(mT)E and H(E)mT. Transgene expression driven by each hybrid promoter was markedly higher under hypoxic conditions than normoxic conditions. Moreover, H(E)mT-driven transgene expression was highly cancer-specific and was superior to that of H(mT)E-driven expression...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918576/effect-of-heat-stress-on-rumen-temperature-of-three-breeds-of-cattle
#14
A M Lees, J C Lees, A T Lisle, M L Sullivan, J B Gaughan
Thirty-six steers (12 of each Angus, Charolais, and Brahman) with an initial BW of 318.5 ± 6.7 kg were used in a 130-day study. Two treatments were imposed: un-shaded and shaded (3 m(2)/animal; 90% solar block shade cloth). On day 1, steers were administered with rumen temperature boluses. Rumen temperatures (T RUM) were obtained at 10 min intervals over the duration of the study to determine differences in T RUM between Bos indicus and Bos taurus cattle. Six feedlot pens (162 m(2)) were used with six steers (2/breed) per pen with three pens/treatment...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910351/lab-meets-real-life-a-laboratory-assessment-of-spontaneous-thought-and-its-ecological-validity
#15
Christine Kuehner, Annett Welz, Iris Reinhard, Georg W Alpers
People's minds frequently wander towards self-generated thoughts, which are unrelated to external stimuli or demands. These phenomena, referred to as "spontaneous thought" (ST) and "mind wandering" (MW), have previously been linked with both costs and benefits. Current assessments of ST and MW have predominantly been conducted in the laboratory, whereas studies on the ecological validity of such lab-related constructs and their interrelations are rare. The current study examined the stability of ST dimensions assessed in the lab and their predictive value with respect to MW, repetitive negative thought (uncontrollable rumination, RUM), and affect in daily life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895876/drilling-high-precision-holes-in-ti6al4v-using-rotary-ultrasonic-machining-and-uncertainties-underlying-cutting-force-tool-wear-and-production-inaccuracies
#16
M A K Chowdhury, A M M Sharif Ullah, Saqib Anwar
Ti6Al4V alloys are difficult-to-cut materials that have extensive applications in the automotive and aerospace industry. A great deal of effort has been made to develop and improve the machining operations of Ti6Al4V alloys. This paper presents an experimental study that systematically analyzes the effects of the machining conditions (ultrasonic power, feed rate, spindle speed, and tool diameter) on the performance parameters (cutting force, tool wear, overcut error, and cylindricity error), while drilling high precision holes on the workpiece made of Ti6Al4V alloys using rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM)...
September 12, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894980/short-communication-using-infrared-thermography-as-an-in-situ-measure-of-core-body-temperature-in-lot-fed-angus-steers
#17
Angela M Lees, J C Lees, V Sejian, A L Wallage, J B Gaughan
Thirty-six Black Angus steers were used in a replicated study; three replicates of 12 steers/replicate. Steers had an initial non-fasted BW of 392.3 ± 5.1, 427.5 ± 6.3, and 392.7 ± 3.7 kg for each replicate, respectively. Steers were housed outside in individual animal pens (10 m × 3.4 m). Each replicate was conducted over a 6-day period where infrared thermography (IRT) images were collected at 3-h intervals, commencing at 0600 h on day 1 and concluding at 0600 h on day 6. Rumen temperatures (T RUM) were measured at 10-min intervals for the duration of each replicate using a radio-frequency identification (RFID) rumen bolus...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783792/comparison-of-the-performance-of-different-microbial-source-tracking-markers-among-european-and-north-african-regions
#18
Mariem Yahya, Anicet R Blanch, Wim G Meijer, Katerina Antoniou, Fatma Hmaied, Elisenda Ballesté
Microbial source tracking (MST) has been extensively used to detect the sources of fecal pollution in water. The inclusion of MST in water management strategies improves the ecological status of the ecosystem and human and animal health under interdisciplinary analysis in all aspects of health care for humans, animals, and the environment (One Health approach). In this study, the performance of MST markers targeting host-specific Bacteroidales (HF183 and Rum-2-Bac) and species (HMBif and CWBif) were evaluated in raw sewage collected from human, ruminant, swine, and poultry sources in Tunisia, Cyprus, Ireland, and Spain...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731266/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study-of-the-effects-of-levetiracetam-on-cognition-mood-and-balance-in-healthy-older-adults
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mike R Schoenberg, Ruba S Rum, Katie E Osborn, Mary Ann Werz
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive and mood effects of levetiracetam (LEV) in older adults are not known. This study compared the cognitive and mood effects of LEV to placebo in healthy older adults. METHODS: Cognitive, mood, and balance variables were compared between LEV and placebo using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study with two 5-week treatment periods. Healthy volunteers (n = 20) aged 65-80 (mean age 72.4) received either LEV or placebo in which the LEV target dose was 1,000 mg/day...
September 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717811/effect-on-body-weight-quality-of-life-and-appetite-following-individualized-nutritional-counselling-to-home-living-elderly-after-rehabilitation-an-open-randomized-trial
#20
J Andersson, E Hulander, E Rothenberg, P Iversen
OBJECTIVES: We examined if individually-adapted nutritional counselling could prevent > 5% weight loss among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. In addition we assessed quality of life (QoL) and appetite. DESIGN: An open, randomized trial. SETTING: Godthaab Health and Rehabilitation Institution in Bærum, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Patients identified as being undernourished or at risk of disease-related malnutrition using the Nutritional Risk Screening tool NRS-2002...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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