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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190943/sugar-sweetened-beverage-warning-labels-lessons-learned-from-the-tobacco-industry
#1
Lucy Popova
Tobacco warning labels effectively educate consumers about the harms of tobacco and reduce smoking behavior. Lessons from tobacco warning labels can be applied to developing and implementing warning labels for sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Large pictorial rotating warnings are particularly effective. Dental professionals can be an important voice in countering the industry's efforts to create controversy around the effects of SSBs and in advocating for effective warning labels based on the evidence from the tobacco warning labels...
October 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167315/modeling-of-un-deformed-chip-thickness-in-rum-process-and-study-of-size-effects-in-%C3%AE-rum
#2
Anil Kumar Jain, Pulak M Pandey
Un-deformed chip thickness is a critical parameter in machining processes. Measuring un-deformed chip thickness experimentally is a complicated process, especially in micro machining and may not even be measured accurately. The un-deformed chip thickness has an influence on material removal rate, cutting forces, specific energy and surface finish etc. In ceramic machining, it is also an indication of material removal mode such as ductile or brittle fracture. In the present study, an effort is made to model undeformed chip thickness, cutting forces and specific cutting energy in rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM) applied to the side milling operation...
January 23, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123043/psychiatric-disorders-and-general-functioning-in-low-birth-weight-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Astrid M W Lærum, Solveig Klæbo Reitan, Kari Anne I Evensen, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Jon Skranes, Marit S Indredavik
OBJECTIVE: To examine psychiatric morbidity and overall functioning in adults born with low birth weight compared with normal birth weight controls at age 26 years and to study longitudinal trajectories of psychiatric morbidity from early adolescence to adulthood. METHODS: Prospective cohort study wherein 44 preterm very low birth weight (≤1500 g), 64 term small for gestational age (SGA; <10th percentile), and 81 control adults were examined using the MINI-International Neuropsychiatric Interview: M...
January 25, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121172/cost-utility-analysis-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-after-conventional-heart-valve-surgery-versus-usual-care
#4
Tina Birgitte Hansen, Ann Dorthe Zwisler, Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Kirstine Lærum Sibilitz, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Jakob Kjellberg, Patrick Doherty, Neil Oldridge, Rikke Søgaard
Background While cardiac rehabilitation in patients with ischaemic heart disease and heart failure is considered cost-effective, this evidence may not be transferable to heart valve surgery patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation following heart valve surgery. Design We conducted a cost-utility analysis based on a randomised controlled trial of 147 patients who had undergone heart valve surgery and were followed for 6 months. Methods Patients were randomised to cardiac rehabilitation consisting of 12 weeks of physical exercise training and monthly psycho-educational consultations or to usual care...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060849/behavior-of-pigs-reared-in-enriched-environment-alternatives-to-extend-pigs-attention
#5
Simone Pereira Machado, Fabiana Ribeiro Caldara, Luciana Foppa, Rafael de Moura, Liliane Maria Piano Gonçalves, Rodrigo Garófallo Garcia, Irenilza de Alencar Nääs, Viviane Maria Oliveira Dos Santos Nieto, Geyssane Farias de Oliveira
Three trials were carried out in a completely randomized design aiming to assess the behavior of pigs in growth phase in enriched environments. Trial 1 evaluated the effects of frequency of availability of environmental enrichment. The animals were assigned to four treatments: 1) control with no enrichment object; 2) objects provided for six consecutive days uninterruptedly; 3) objects provided on alternate days, and 4) objects provided for six consecutive days taken away by the end of the afternoon and replaced at dawn...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040629/a-mechanistic-ultrasonic-vibration-amplitude-model-during-rotary-ultrasonic-machining-of-cfrp-composites
#6
Fuda Ning, Hui Wang, Weilong Cong, P K S C Fernando
Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM) has been investigated in machining of brittle, ductile, as well as composite materials. Ultrasonic vibration amplitude, as one of the most important input variables, affects almost all the output variables in RUM. Numerous investigations on measuring ultrasonic vibration amplitude without RUM machining have been reported. In recent years, ultrasonic vibration amplitude measurement with RUM of ductile materials has been investigated. It is found that the ultrasonic vibration amplitude with RUM was different from that without RUM under the same input variables...
December 18, 2016: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991965/popular-medicinal-uses-of-calea-uniflora-less-asteraceae-and-its-contribution-to-the-study-of-brazilian-medicinal-plants
#7
Luan S Ramos, Paula S Cardoso, Michele D Freitas, Renato Paghan, Marília S Borges, Vanilde Citadini-Zanette, James W Barlow, Patrícia A Amaral, Silvia Dalbó
Calea uniflora Less. is widely used in southern Santa Catarina (Brazil), but there are no scientific studies which support its use. Then, this study was proposed to determine of the percentage use of C. uniflora in a city of southern Brazil and documentation of the knowledge that the population has about this species. The survey was conducted with semi-structured interviews using a questionnaire applied to 372 participants. In analyzing the results, it was observed that of the 94.1% who recognized C. uniflora, 74...
October 2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905542/defining-an-olfactory-receptor-function-in-airway-smooth-muscle-cells
#8
William H Aisenberg, Jessie Huang, Wanqu Zhu, Premraj Rajkumar, Randy Cruz, Lakshmi Santhanam, Niranjana Natarajan, Hwan Mee Yong, Breann De Santiago, Jung Jin Oh, A-Rum Yoon, Reynold A Panettieri, Oliver Homann, John K Sullivan, Stephen B Liggett, Jennifer L Pluznick, Steven S An
Pathways that control, or can be exploited to alter, the increase in airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass and cellular remodeling that occur in asthma are not well defined. Here we report the expression of odorant receptors (ORs) belonging to the superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), as well as the canonical olfaction machinery (Golf and AC3) in the smooth muscle of human bronchi. In primary cultures of isolated human ASM, we identified mRNA expression for multiple ORs. Strikingly, OR51E2 was the most highly enriched OR transcript mapped to the human olfactome in lung-resident cells...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873566/pathological-and-phylogenetic-characterization-of-amphibiothecum-sp-infection-in-an-isolated-amphibian-lissotriton-helveticus-population-on-the-island-of-rum-scotland
#9
Caterina Fiegna, Charlotte L Clarke, Darren J Shaw, Johanna L Baily, Frances C Clare, Alexandra Gray, Trenton W J Garner, Anna L Meredith
Outbreaks of cutaneous infectious disease in amphibians are increasingly being attributed to an overlooked group of fungal-like pathogens, the Dermocystids. During the last 10 years on the Isle of Rum, Scotland, palmate newts (Lissotriton helveticus) have been reportedly afflicted by unusual skin lesions. Here we present pathological and molecular findings confirming that the pathogen associated with these lesions is a novel organism of the order Dermocystida, and represents the first formally reported, and potentially lethal, case of amphibian Dermocystid infection in the UK...
November 22, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832324/secretin-stimulated-mri-assessment-of-exocrine-pancreatic-function-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-healthy-controls
#10
Adnan Madzak, Trond Engjom, Gaute K Wathle, Søren Schou Olesen, Erling Tjora, Pål R Njølstad, Birger Norderud Lærum, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Georg Dimcevski, Jens Brøndum Frøkjær, Ingfrid S Haldorsen
PURPOSE: Secretin-stimulated magnetic resonance imaging (s-MRI) and pancreatic diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) are novel non-invasive imaging techniques for assessment of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). The aim was to validate s-MRI assessed pancreatic secreted volume using novel semi-automatic quantification software, and to assess the ability of s-MRI with DWI to diagnose EPI in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: s-MRI and DWI was performed in 19 patients with CF (median age 21 years; range 16-56; eight men) and in 10 healthy controls (HC) (median age 46 years; range 20-65; four men)...
November 10, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823683/cardiac-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-patients-treated-with-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-results-of-the-randomized-copenheartrfa-trial
#11
Signe S Risom, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Trine B Rasmussen, Kirstine Lærum Sibilitz, Trine L S Madsen, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Christian Gluud, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
BACKGROUND: To assess the effects of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation compared with usual care on physical activity and mental health for patients treated with catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. METHODS: The patients were randomized 1:1 stratified by paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation and sex to cardiac rehabilitation consisting of 12 weeks physical exercise and four psycho-educational consultations plus usual care (cardiac rehabilitation group) versus usual care...
November 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788585/influence-of-the-production-process-on-the-key-aroma-compounds-of-rum-from-molasses-to-the-spirit
#12
Laura Franitza, Michael Granvogl, Peter Schieberle
The production of rum consists of fermentation, distillation, and aging. To check the influence of each step on the final rum aroma, molasses, mash, distillate, and the final rum were analyzed using the sensomics concept. The changes in key aroma compounds were determined by application of aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) in combination with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for identification and by stable isotope dilution assays (SIDAs) for quantitation. Odor activity values (OAVs; ratio of concentration to respective odor threshold) were calculated for the compounds determined in the rum and, finally, the rum aroma was successfully simulated by recombination...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774436/evolution-and-diversity-of-the-antimicrobial-resistance-associated-mobilome-in-streptococcus-suis-a-probable-mobile-genetic-elements-reservoir-for-other-streptococci
#13
Jinhu Huang, Jiale Ma, Kexin Shang, Xiao Hu, Yuan Liang, Daiwei Li, Zuowei Wu, Lei Dai, Li Chen, Liping Wang
Streptococcus suis is a previously neglected, newly emerging multidrug-resistant zoonotic pathogen. Mobile genetic elements (MGEs) play a key role in intra- and interspecies horizontal transfer of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) determinants. Although, previous studies showed the presence of several MGEs, a comprehensive analysis of AMR-associated mobilome as well as their interaction and evolution has not been performed. In this study, we presented the AMR-associated mobilome and their insertion hotspots in S...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750178/investigations-on-the-critical-feed-rate-guaranteeing-the-effectiveness-of-rotary-ultrasonic-machining
#14
Jianjian Wang, Pingfa Feng, Jianfu Zhang, Wanchong Cai, Hao Shen
Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM) is a well-known and efficient method for manufacturing holes in brittle materials. RUM is characterized by improved material removal rates, reduced cutting forces and reduced edge chipping sizes at the hole exit. The aim of this study is to investigate the critical feed rate to guarantee the effectiveness of RUM. Experimental results on quartz glass and sapphire specimens show that when the feed rate exceeds a critical value, the cutting force increases abruptly, accompanied by a significant decrease of ultrasonic amplitude...
February 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727412/medicines-use-in-hospitalised-children-current-status-and-outcome-after-an-intervention
#15
S N Thiyahiny, M G Sathiadas, K Sanchayan, C Vamadevan, R Balasubramaniam, S Sri Ranganathan
INTRODUCTION: Challenges in rational use of medicines (RUM) in children are different from that of adults. In Sri Lanka, data on RUM in children are limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess the current status and to investigate effectiveness of an intervention in improving RUM in children. METHODS: Non-randomised controlled before and after study design was employed. Study settings were one paediatric unit in two Teaching Hospitals one for intervention (IU) and the other as a control (CU) unit...
2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704848/nontargeted-lc-ms-metabolomics-approach-for-metabolic-profiling-of-plasma-and-urine-from-pigs-fed-branched-chain-amino-acids-for-maximum-growth-performance
#16
Elham A Soumeh, Mette S Hedemann, Hanne D Poulsen, Etienne Corrent, Jacob van Milgen, Jan V Nørgaard
The metabolic response in plasma and urine of pigs when feeding an optimum level of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) for best growth performance is unknown. The objective of the current study was to identify the metabolic phenotype associated with the BCAAs intake level that could be linked to the animal growth performance. Three dose-response studies were carried out to collect blood and urine samples from pigs fed increasing levels of Ile, Val, or Leu followed by a nontargeted LC-MS approach to characterize the metabolic profile of biofluids when dietary BCAAs are optimum for animal growth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652361/the-role-of-geriatric-assessment-tests-and-anthropometric-measurements-in-identifying-the-risk-of-falls-in-elderly-nursing-home-residents
#17
Bulent Yardimci, Sinan N Aran, Ismail Ozkaya, Sevki M Aksoy, Tarik Demir, Gulsen Tezcan, Aysegul Y Kaptanoglu
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relation among the risk of falls, geriatric assessment, and anthropometric measurements, including the mini mental state examination, geriatric depression scale, handgrip test, and key pinch test. METHODS: This prospective study included 89 residents hospitalized between May 2014 and September 2015 in the geriatric care unit of the Istanbul Balikli Rum Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Patients were followed-up for one year, and their falls were recorded...
October 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642372/trait-self-compassion-reflects-emotional-flexibility-through-an-association-with-high-vagally-mediated-heart-rate-variability
#18
Julie Lillebostad Svendsen, Berge Osnes, Per-Einar Binder, Ingrid Dundas, Endre Visted, Helge Nordby, Elisabeth Schanche, Lin Sørensen
Converging evidence shows a positive effect of self-compassion on self-reported well-being and mental health. However, few studies have examined the relation between self-compassion and psychophysiological measures. In the present study, we therefore examined the relation between trait self-compassion and vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) in 53 students (39 female, mean age = 23.63). Trait self-compassion was assessed using the Self-Compassion Scale, and resting vmHRV was measured during a 5-min ECG baseline period...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610182/clinical-course-and-prognostic-factors-of-childhood-immune-thrombocytopenia-single-center-experience-of-10-years
#19
Jae Yeob Jung, A Rum O, Je Keong Kim, Meerim Park
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical course of childhood immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) and to assess the risk factors for developing chronic ITP. METHODS: The records of 64 children diagnosed with ITP from November 2005 and December 2014 at single center were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis and the median platelet count were 1 year (range, 1 month to 15 years) and 9×10(9)/L (range, 0-84×10(9)/L), respectively...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601491/prevalence-of-factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-acute-geriatric-patients-in-norway-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ellisiv Lærum Jacobsen, Therese Brovold, Astrid Bergland, Asta Bye
OBJECTIVES: Data on acute geriatric patients' nutritional status are lacking, and the associations among physical function, sarcopenia, health status and nutritional status are not sufficiently investigated in this population. The aims of this study are to investigate (1) nutritional status and sarcopenia in a group of acute geriatric patients, (2) the association between nutritional status, physical function and sarcopenia in acute geriatric patients, controlling for health status. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
2016: BMJ Open
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