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One Health AND Antimicrobial resistance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237995/recovery-of-bordetella-bronchiseptica-sequence-type-82-and-b-pseudohinzii-from-urban-rats-in-terengganu-malaysia
#1
Shih Keng Loong, Nurul-Asma-Anati Che-Mat-Seri, Osama Abdulrazak, Benacer Douadi, Siti-Noraisah Ahmad-Nasrah, Jefree Johari, Siti-Nursheena Mohd-Zain, Sazaly Abubakar
Rodents have historically been associated with zoonotic pandemics that claimed the lives of large human populations. Appropriate pathogen surveillance initiatives could contribute to early detection of zoonotic infections to prevent future outbreaks. Bordetella species are bacteria known to cause mild to severe respiratory disease in mammals and, some have been described to infect, colonize and spread in rodents. There is a lack of information on the population diversity of bordetellae among Malaysian wild rodents...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237792/zoonotic-transfer-of-clostridium-difficile-harboring-antimicrobial-resistance-between-farm-animals-and-humans
#2
C W Knetsch, N Kumar, S C Forster, T R Connor, H P Browne, C Harmanus, I M Sanders, S R Harris, L Turner, T Morris, M Perry, F Miyajima, P Roberts, M Pirmohamed, J G Songer, J S Weese, A Indra, J Corver, M Rupnik, B W Wren, T V Riley, E J Kuijper, T D Lawley
The emergence of Clostridium difficile as a significant human diarrheal pathogen is associated with the production of highly transmissible spores and the acquisition of antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) and virulence factors. Unlike the hospital associated C. difficile RT027 lineage, the community associated C. difficile RT078 lineage is isolated from both humans and farm animals; however, the geographical population structure and transmission networks remain unknown. Here we applied whole genome phylogenetic analysis of 248 C...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237496/government-policy-interventions-to-reduce-human-antimicrobial-use-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Marc Mendelson, Monica Taljaard, Steven J Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized threat to global public health. Increasing AMR and a dry pipeline of novel antimicrobial drugs have put AMR in the international spotlight. One strategy to combat AMR is to reduce antimicrobial drug consumption. Governments around the world have been experimenting with different policy interventions, such as regulating where antimicrobials can be sold, restricting the use of last-resort antimicrobials, funding AMR stewardship programs, and launching public awareness campaigns...
December 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232167/tigecycline-susceptibility-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-complex-and-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-companion-animals-the-prevalence-of-tigecycline-nonsusceptible-k-pneumoniae-complex-including-internationally-expanding-human-pathogenic-lineages
#4
Toyotaka Sato, Kazuki Harada, Masaru Usui, Yuzo Tsuyuki, Tsukasa Shiraishi, Yutaka Tamura, Shin-Ichi Yokota
Transmission of tigecycline-nonsusceptible pathogenic Enterobacteriaceae from companion animals to human should be a concern because tigecycline is a last-line drug for treating multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in human medicine. However, tigecycline susceptibility of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from companion animals has not been investigated. In this study, we investigated the tigecycline susceptibility of Klebsiella pneumoniae complex and Escherichia coli isolates from dogs and cats, and evaluated their human pathogenicity potential...
December 12, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231153/antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-strains-isolated-from-five-cities-in-india-during-2013-2016
#5
Sangeeta V Kulkarni, Manju Bala, Syeeda A Muqeeth, G Sasikala, Amit P Nirmalkar, R Thorat, H Kambli, Jyoti Sawant, Arun Risbud, Raman R Gangakhedkar, Sheela V Godbole
PURPOSE: Emergence of multidrug resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an STI of public health significance is the biggest challenge to gonorrhoea control. Monitoring for antimicrobial resistance is essential for the early detection of emergent drug resistance patterns. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and twenty four N. gonorrhoeae strains were isolated between September 2013-August 2016 [82-New Delhi, 3-Pune, 3-Mumbai, 20-Secunderabad and 16-Hyderabad] to determine antimicrobial susceptibility and to compare the CLSI disc diffusion method with Etest for these strains...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225939/mapping-global-policy-discourse-on-antimicrobial-resistance
#6
Didier Wernli, Peter S Jørgensen, Chantal M Morel, Scott Carroll, Stephan Harbarth, Nicolas Levrat, Didier Pittet
The rising importance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) to the global health agenda is associated with a growing number of parties voicing their concern about the issue. With more recommendations and policies appearing, understanding the policy process requires making sense of the views, values, interests and goals of each participant. Policy frame analysis provides a method to understand both the scientific view and the actions advocated by global health actors to tackle AMR. Here we review and refine policy frame analyses of AMR using a deductive approach...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225413/outbreak-of-hospital-infection-from-biofilm-embedded-pan-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeroginosa-due-to-a-contaminated-bronchoscope
#7
Nader Alipour, Alper Karagoz, Abbas Taner, Nasrin Gaeini, Nastaran Alipour, Hassan Zeytin, Fatih Yildiz, Riza Durmaz
Background: Colistin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) has been defined as pandrug-resistant (PDR) strain. Outbreaks of PDR P. aeruginosa especially in pulmonary tract infections due to contaminated bronchoscopes have rarely been reported. The emergence of pandrug-resistant strains in both CF (Cystic Fibrosis) and non-CF clinical isolates over recent years remains of a great concern. Hospital wards contaminated with PDR P. aeruginosa infection, must be shot down until their eradication...
2017: Tap Chi y Hoc du Phong, Journal of Preventive Medicine / Hoi y Hoc du Phong Viet Nam
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218952/-research-strategies-for-feed-additives-and-veterinary-medicines-from-side-products-of-chinese-medicine-resources-industrialization
#8
Ming Zhao, Jin-Ao Duan, Sen Zhang, Sheng Guo, Shu-Lan Su, Qi-Nan Wu, Yu-Ping Tang, Jian-Guo Zeng
The global antimicrobial resistance has been a big challenge to the human health for years. It has to make balance between the safety of animal products and the use of antimicrobials in animal husbandry. Any methods that can minimize or even phase out the use of antimicrobials in animal husbandry should be encouraged. We herein describe the research strategies for feed additives and veterinary medicines from the side products of Chinese medicine resources industrialization. Killing two birds with one stone-besides the major purposes, the rational utilization of non-medicinal parts and wastes of industrialization of Chinese herbal medicines is also achieved under the proposed strategies...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215297/virulence-genes-and-antimicrobial-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-from-cheese-made-from-unpasteurized-milk-in-brazil
#9
Anna C L P de Campos, Juan J Puño-Sarmiento, Leonardo P Medeiros, Luís E S Gazal, Renato Pariz Maluta, Armando Navarro, Renata K T Kobayashi, Eder P Fagan, Gerson Nakazato
Cow raw milk cheese is widely eaten in Brazil. These products may be contaminated with pathogenic bacteria. In this work, we investigated the presence of Escherichia coli in raw milk cheese from different States in Brazil. From 147 "Minas" cheese samples, 28 cheeses were positive for E. coli. Among 39 E. coli isolates of the cheeses, one was positive for eae and negative for bpfA and efa1/lifA using PCR, and so was classified as atypical Enteropathogenic E. coli (aEPEC). Two other isolates were positive for extraintestinal pathogenic E...
December 7, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207450/one-health-perspectives-on-emerging-public-health-threats
#10
Sukhyun Ryu, Bryan Inho Kim, Jun-Sik Lim, Cheng Siang Tan, Byung Chul Chun
Antimicrobial resistance and emerging infectious diseases, including avian influenza, Ebola virus disease, and Zika virus disease have significantly affected humankind in recent years. In the premodern era, no distinction was made between animal and human medicine. However, as medical science developed, the gap between human and animal science grew deeper. Cooperation among human, animal, and environmental sciences to combat emerging public health threats has become an important issue under the One Health Initiative...
November 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188775/isolation-and-characterization-of-antibiotic-producing-bacterial-strains-from-red-soil-of-himalayan-region-of-pakistan
#11
Bushra Uzair, Neelam Firdous, Barkat Ali Khan, Samiullah Khan, Sammer Fatima, Rehana Kausar, Asma Bano
The emergence of multi drug resistant microbial pathogens has become a global health challenge and set a dire requirement of searching new effective antimicrobials. Soil is an ultimate reservoir of biologically active micro flora, which harbors trillions of microbial strains producing compounds of commercial interest. Hence aim of the present study was an attempt to isolate and identify the antibiotic producing microbial strains from the red soil of Himalayan an unexplored region of Pakistan. In this study from 10 different soil samples only one bacterial strain was isolated capable of antimicrobial activity...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187195/prevalence-antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-risk-factors-associated-with-non-typhoidal-salmonella-on-ugandan-layer-hen-farms
#12
Terence Odoch, Yngvild Wasteson, Trine L'Abée-Lund, Adrian Muwonge, Clovice Kankya, Luke Nyakarahuka, Sarah Tegule, Eystein Skjerve
BACKGROUND: Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) are among the leading global foodborne pathogens and a significant public health threat. Their occurrence in animal reservoirs and their susceptibilities to commonly used antimicrobials are poorly understood in developing countries. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence, determine antimicrobial susceptibility and identify risk factors associated with NTS presence in laying hen farms in Uganda through a cross-sectional study. RESULTS: Pooled faecal samples were collected from 237 laying hen farms and these were analysed for NTS following standard laboratory procedures...
November 29, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184361/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-avian-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-broiler-chickens
#13
Gamal Younis, Amal Awad, Nada Mohamed
Aim: Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is pathogenic strains of E. coli that are responsible for one of the most common bacterial diseases affecting poultry worldwide. This study was designed to determine the occurrence, antibiotic resistance profile, and antibiotic resistance genes of E. coli isolated from diseased and freshly dead broilers. Materials and Methods: In that context, a total of 200 broilers samples were examined by standard microbiological techniques for isolation of E...
October 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180854/antimicrobial-characterization-of-silver-nanoparticle-coated-surfaces-by-touch-test-method
#14
Marianne Gunell, Janne Haapanen, Kofi J Brobbey, Jarkko J Saarinen, Martti Toivakka, Jyrki M Mäkelä, Pentti Huovinen, Erkki Eerola
Bacterial infections, especially by antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria, are an increasing problem worldwide. AMR is especially a problem with health care-associated infections due to bacteria in hospital environments being easily transferred from patient to patient and from patient to environment, and thus, solutions to prevent bacterial transmission are needed. Hand washing is an effective tool for preventing bacterial infections, but other approaches such as nanoparticle-coated surfaces are also needed...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180525/increasing-antimicrobial-resistance-in-non-typhoidal-salmonella-in-australia-1979-2015
#15
Deborah A Williamson, Courtney R Lane, Marion Easton, Mary Valcanis, Janet Strachan, Mark G Veitch, Martyn D Kirk, Benjamin P Howden
Australia has high and increasing rates of salmonellosis. To date, the serovar distribution and associated antimicrobial resistance (AMR) patterns of non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica (NTS) in Australia have not been assessed. Such information provides critical knowledge about AMR in the food chain, and informs decisions about public health. We reviewed longitudinal data on NTS in two Australian states over a thirty-seven-year period, between 1979 and 2015, and antimicrobial resistance since 1984. Overall, 17% of isolates were non-susceptible to at least one antimicrobial, 4...
November 27, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180254/reclaiming-hijacked-phagosomes-hybrid-nano-in-micro-encapsulated-miap-peptide-ensures-host-directed-therapy-by-specifically-augmenting-phagosome-maturation-and-apoptosis-in-tb-infected-macrophage-cells
#16
Ankur Sharma, Kalpesh Vaghasiya, Pushpa Gupta, Umesh Datta Gupta, Rahul Kumar Verma
TB-Superbugs have emerged as one of the most challenging global health threat due to the decrease in effectiveness of conventional antibiotics. Meanwhile, Host defense peptides (HDP) have evolved as an alternative to classical therapeutics with lesser susceptibility of resistance. We describe the potential of nano-encapsulated synthetic Magainin-I analog peptide (MIAP) as Host Directed Therapy against TB. Micron-sized inhalable platform "Porous Nanoparticle Aggregates Particles (PNAP)" with nano-scale physiognomies were developed to improve the delivery of MIAP-peptide to the lungs and enhance its stability...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177089/ariba-rapid-antimicrobial-resistance-genotyping-directly-from-sequencing-reads
#17
Martin Hunt, Alison E Mather, Leonor Sánchez-Busó, Andrew J Page, Julian Parkhill, Jacqueline A Keane, Simon R Harris
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the major threats to human and animal health worldwide, yet few high-throughput tools exist to analyse and predict the resistance of a bacterial isolate from sequencing data. Here we present a new tool, ARIBA, that identifies AMR-associated genes and single nucleotide polymorphisms directly from short reads, and generates detailed and customizable output. The accuracy and advantages of ARIBA over other tools are demonstrated on three datasets from Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, with ARIBA outperforming existing methods...
October 2017: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173358/bacterial-etiology-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-and-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility
#18
Maduakor Uzoamaka, Onyemelukwe Ngozi, Ogboi Sonny Johnbull, Ohanu Martin
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is one of the common major health problems in Nigeria causing morbidity and mortality. The study was conducted to determine the current trends of bacterial etiology of LRTIs among patients who attended the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) and their antimicrobial susceptibility profile with special interest on pandrug resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted between February 2014 and June 2016 in the bacteriology laboratory of UNTH...
November 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169006/antimicrobial-resistant-faecal-organisms-in-algae-products-marketed-as-health-supplements
#19
L Ryan, M Molloy, L Evans, A Quinn, E Burke, E McGrath, M Cormican
Dietary supplements are increasingly popular in Irish society. One of these is blue-green algae which is used with a variety health benefits in mind. A batch of Chlorella powder was found to be contaminated with Salmonella species in Ireland in 2015. This prompted additional testing of a total of 8 samples of three different products (Chlorella, Spirulina and Super Greens), for other faecal flora and antimicrobial resistance in any bacteria isolated. All 8 samples cultured enteric flora such as Enterococci, Enterobacteriaceae and Clostridium species...
August 12, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151997/genetic-investigation-of-beta-lactam-associated-antibiotic-resistance-among-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-water-sources
#20
Reza Ranjbar, Mehrdad Sami
Background: Antimicrobial resistance is an important factor threatening human health. It is widely accepted that antibiotic resistant bacteria such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) released from humans and animals into the water sources, can introduce their resistance genes into the natural bacterial community. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of blaTEM, blaCTX, blaSHV, blaOXA and blaVEB associated-antibiotic resistance among E. coli bacteria isolated from different water resources in Iran...
2017: Open Microbiology Journal
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