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One Health AND Antimicrobial resistance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631121/-prudent-use-of-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-prevention-of-increasing-antibiotic-resistance
#1
REVIEW
C Hein, A Pilatz, F M E Wagenlehner
BACKGROUND: The use of peri-operative antimicrobial prophylaxis during urological procedures to prevent postoperative complications is very common. OBJECTIVES: What kind of recommendations for reasonable use of peri-operative antimicrobial prophylaxis during urological procedures to prevent increasing antibiotic resistance and postoperative complications exist? METHODS: Review of evidence-based recommendations from literature and current Guidelines of the EAU...
June 19, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630748/treatment-of-chronic-orthopaedic-infection
#2
Heinz Winkler
Chronic infections are one of the major challenges in orthopaedic surgery, both for surgeons and patients. They are characterised by obstinate persistency of the causing microorganisms and resulting long-term disablement of the patients, associated with remarkable costs for the health care system.Difficulties derive from the biofilm-mode of living of pathogens with resistances against immunological defence and antimicrobial substances, and osseous defects resulting from the disease itself and surgical interventions...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625021/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-elective-hysterectomy
#3
REVIEW
Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Selma Mourad, Jane Marjoribanks, Karim A Calis, Vanessa Jordan
BACKGROUND: Elective hysterectomy is commonly performed for benign gynaecological conditions. Hysterectomy can be performed abdominally, laparoscopically, or vaginally, with or without laparoscopic assistance. Antibiotic prophylaxis consists of administration of antibiotics to reduce the rate of postoperative infection, which otherwise affects 40%-50% of women after vaginal hysterectomy, and more than 20% after abdominal hysterectomy. No Cochrane review has systematically assessed evidence on this topic...
June 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616488/building-bridges-to-operationalise-one-health-a-sino-swedish-collaboration-to-tackle-antibiotic-resistance
#4
Otto Cars, Yonghong Xiao, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Lennart E Nilsson, Jianzhong Shen, Qiang Sun, Zhenqiang Bi, Stefan Börjesson, Christina Greko, Yang Wang, Yuqing Liu, Jakob Ottoson, Xuewen Li, Maud Nilsson, Hong Yin, Zhenwang Bi, Beiwen Zheng, Xi Xia, Baoli Chen, Lilu Ding, Pan Sun, Oliver James Dyar, Anette Hulth, Göran Tomson
Antibiotic resistance is a complex global health challenge. The recent Global Action Plan on antimicrobial resistance highlights the importance of adopting One Health approaches that can cross traditional disciplinary boundaries. We report on the early experiences of a multisectoral Sino-Swedish research project that aims to address gaps in our current knowledge and seeks to improve the situation through system-wide interventions. Our research project is investigating antibiotic use and resistance in a rural area of China through a combination of epidemiological, health systems and laboratory investigations...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610560/prevalence-and-molecular-characteristics-of-staphylococcus-aureus-including-methicillin-resistant-strains-isolated-from-bulk-can-milk-and-raw-milk-products-in-pastoral-communities-of-south-west-uganda
#5
Benon B Asiimwe, Rossella Baldan, Alberto Trovato, Daniela M Cirillo
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus strains are now regarded as zoonotic agents. In pastoral settings where human-animal interaction is intimate, multi-drug resistant microorganisms have become an emerging zoonotic issue of public health concern. The study of S. aureus prevalence, antimicrobial resistance and clonal lineages in humans, animals and food in African settings has great relevance, taking into consideration the high diversity of ethnicities, cultures and food habits that determine the lifestyle of the people...
June 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606364/cefotaxime-resistant-e-coli-in-dairy-and-beef-cattle-farms-joint-analyses-of-two-cross-sectional-investigations-in-germany
#6
Katja Hille, Inga Ruddat, Annette Schmid, Johanna Hering, Maria Hartmann, Christiane von Münchhausen, Bettina Schneider, Ute Messelhäusser, Anika Friese, Rolf Mansfeld, Annemarie Käsbohrer, Stefan Hörmansdorfer, Uwe Roesler, Lothar Kreienbrock
Resistance to third-generation cephalosporins and other beta-lactam antibiotics is of major concern for animal and human health. Knowledge of the prevalence of resistant bacteria in primary production is an important element to estimate transmission along the stages in the food production chain and the exposure of the human population. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of cefotaxime-resistant commensal E. coli in dairy and beef cattle production units throughout Germany. Secondarily, the association between management factors and the presence of cefotaxime resistance was investigated...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603604/molecular-characterization-of-antimicrobial-resistant-non-typhoidal-salmonella-from-poultry-industries-in-korea
#7
Jin Eui Kim, Young Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistant Salmonella strains are a direct threat to human health when this resistance interferes with treatment and an indirect threat when resistance can be transferred to other human pathogens. The objective of the present study was to characterize antimicrobial resistant non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) isolates recovered from poultry industries, including a description of genetic diversity and virulence profiles. RESULTS: In total of 93 Salmonella isolates shown antimicrobial resistance to one or more drugs, all isolates exhibited common resistance to streptomycin, nalidixic acid and cephalothin but no ciprofloxacin resistance...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599616/a-survey-of-methods-used-for-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-in-veterinary-diagnostic-laboratories-in-the-united-states
#8
David A Dargatz, Matthew M Erdman, Beth Harris
Antimicrobial resistance is a serious threat to animal and human health worldwide, requiring a collaborative, holistic approach. The U.S. Government has developed a national strategy to address antimicrobial resistance, with one component being to monitor antimicrobial resistance in agricultural settings. We developed a survey to collect information about antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) from the veterinary diagnostic laboratory community in the United States, assessing current practices and technologies and determining how AST information is shared...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595316/developing-a-local-antimicrobial-resistance-action-plan-the-cornwall-one-health-antimicrobial-resistance-group
#9
Neil Powell, Iain Davidson, Phillip Yelling, Andrew Collinson, Adam Pollard, Lisa Johnson, Nick Gibson, Jennifer Taylor, Kathryn Wisner, William Gaze, Janice South, Diane Ashiru-Oredope
Objectives: The UK Five Year Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Strategy was published in September 2013 and recommended a One Health approach emphasizing the importance of collaboration to tackle AMR. We describe the inauguration of what we believe to be the first regional One Health group established in the UK. The purpose of the group was to ensure the implementation of a coordinated Cornwall-wide response to the UK AMR Strategy and we describe the outputs of the group to date. Methods: The Cornwall Antimicrobial Resistance Group was set up as a sub-group of the Health & Wellbeing Board's Health Protection Committee...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592231/high-burden-of-complicated-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-the-indigenous-population-of-central-australia-due-to-dominant-panton-valentine-leucocidin-clones-st93-mrsa-and-cc121-mssa
#10
Susan A J Harch, Eleanor MacMorran, Steven Y C Tong, Deborah C Holt, Judith Wilson, Eugene Athan, Saliya Hewagama
BACKGROUND: Superficial skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common among the Indigenous population of the desert regions of Central Australia. However, the overall burden of disease and molecular epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus complicated SSTIs has yet to be described in this unique population. METHODS: Alice Springs Hospital (ASH) admission data was interrogated to establish the population incidence of SSTIs. A prospective observational study was conducted on a subset of S...
June 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592177/biocatalytic-nanocomposites-for-combating-bacterial-pathogens
#11
Xia Wu, Seok-Joon Kwon, Jungbae Kim, Ravi S Kane, Jonathan S Dordick
Bacterial infections remain a major public health concern. However, broad-spectrum antibiotics largely target redundant mechanisms of bacterial survival and lead to gained resistance owing to microbial evolution. New methods are needed to attack bacterial infections, and we have only begun to seek out nature's vast arsenal of antimicrobial weapons. Enzymes offer one such weapon, and their diversity has been exploited to kill bacteria selectively through unique targets, particularly in bacterial cell walls, as well as nonselectively through generation of bactericidal molecules...
June 7, 2017: Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588766/how-externalities-impact-an-evaluation-of-strategies-to-prevent-antimicrobial-resistance-in-health-care-organizations
#12
REVIEW
Jenine R Leal, John Conly, Elizabeth Ann Henderson, Braden J Manns
BACKGROUND: The rates of antimicrobial-resistant organisms (ARO) continue to increase for both hospitalized and community patients. Few resources have been allocated to reduce the spread of resistance on global, national and local levels, in part because the broader economic impact of antimicrobial resistance (i.e. the externality) is not fully considered when determining how much to invest to prevent AROs, including strategies to contain antimicrobial resistance, such as antimicrobial stewardship programs...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584175/one-health-emerging-infectious-diseases-and-wildlife-two-decades-of-progress
#13
REVIEW
Andrew A Cunningham, Peter Daszak, James L N Wood
Infectious diseases affect people, domestic animals and wildlife alike, with many pathogens being able to infect multiple species. Fifty years ago, following the wide-scale manufacture and use of antibiotics and vaccines, it seemed that the battle against infections was being won for the human population. Since then, however, and in addition to increasing antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens, there has been an increase in the emergence of, mostly viral, zoonotic diseases from wildlife, sometimes causing fatal outbreaks of epidemic proportions...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578090/genotyping-antimicrobial-resistance-and-virulence-factor-gene-profiles-of-vancomycin-resistance-enterococcus-faecalis-isolated-from-blood-culture
#14
Shahnaz Armin, Fatemeh Fallah, Abdollah Karimi, Marjan Rashidan, Mehdi Shirdust, Leila Azimi
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus spp. is the common of intestinal micro flora in humans but nowadays this gram-positive bacterium causes the variety of nosocomial infections. Resistance to antibiotic and also, presence of different virulence genes in the enterococcus spp. can change it to problematic microorganisms in the health care centers. The aim of this study was determined the genotyping, antimicrobial resistance and virulence factor gene profiles of vancomycin resistance Enterococcus faecalis isolated from blood culture...
May 31, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575064/antimicrobial-resistance-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-stool-isolates-circulating-in-kenya
#15
Chris Rowe Taitt, Tomasz A Leski, Daniel P Erwin, Elizabeth A Odundo, Nancy C Kipkemoi, Janet N Ndonye, Ronald K Kirera, Abigael N Ombogo, Judd L Walson, Patricia B Pavlinac, Christine Hulseberg, Gary J Vora
We sought to determine the genetic and phenotypic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles of commensal Klebsiella spp. circulating in Kenya by testing human stool isolates of 87 K. pneumoniae and three K. oxytoca collected at eight locations. Over one-third of the isolates were resistant to ≥3 categories of antimicrobials and were considered multidrug-resistant (MDR). We then compared the resistance phenotype to the presence/absence of 238 AMR genes determined by a broad-spectrum microarray and PCR. Forty-six genes/gene families were identified conferring resistance to β-lactams (ampC/blaDHA, blaCMY/LAT, blaLEN-1, blaOKP-A/OKP-B1, blaOXA-1-like family, blaOXY-1, blaSHV, blaTEM, blaCTX-M-1 and blaCTX-M-2 families), aminoglycosides (aac(3)-III, aac(6)-Ib, aad(A1/A2), aad(A4), aph(AI), aph3/str(A), aph6/str(B), and rmtB), macrolides (mac(A), mac(B), mph(A)/mph(K)), tetracyclines (tet(A), tet(B), tet(D), tet(G)), ansamycins (arr), phenicols (catA1/cat4, floR, cmlA, cmr), fluoroquinolones (qnrS), quaternary amines (qacEΔ1), streptothricin (sat2), sulfonamides (sul1, sul2, sul3), and diaminopyrimidines (dfrA1, dfrA5, dfrA7, dfrA8, dfrA12, dfrA13/21/22/23 family, dfrA14, dfrA15, dfrA16, dfrA17)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574626/assessment-of-phenotypic-and-genotypic-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-vaginal-lactobacillus-sp
#16
Jelena Štšepetova, Heleri Taelma, Imbi Smidt, Pirje Hütt, Eleri Lapp, Evi Aotäht, Reet Mändar
AIM: To assess antibiotic susceptibility of vaginal lactobacilli strains and provide the data required for assessing the potential of antibiotic resistance risk of new strains selected as probiotic. METHODS AND RESULTS: Potential probiotic vaginal lactobacilli used in the study included 31 vaginal strains of Lactobacillus crispatus, (n=27), L. gasseri (n=3) and L. jensenii (n=1) obtained from the collection of Competence Centre on Health Technologies. Two commercial probiotic strains were used as controls (L...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574304/quantitative-risk-assessment-of-antimicrobial-resistant-foodborne-infections-in-humans-due-to-recombinant-bovine-somatotropin-usage-in-dairy-cows
#17
Randall S Singer, Pamela L Ruegg, Dale E Bauman
Recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) is a production-enhancing technology that allows the dairy industry to produce milk more efficiently. Concern has been raised that cows supplemented with rbST are at an increased risk of developing clinical mastitis, which would potentially increase the use of antimicrobial agents and increase human illnesses associated with antimicrobial-resistant bacterial pathogens delivered through the dairy beef supply. The purpose of this study was to conduct a quantitative risk assessment to estimate the potential increased risk of human infection with antimicrobial-resistant bacteria and subsequent adverse health outcomes as a result of rbST usage in dairy cattle...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549097/cluster-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-with-high-level-azithromycin-resistance-and-decreased-ceftriaxone-susceptibility-hawaii-2016
#18
Alan R Katz, Alan Y Komeya, Robert D Kirkcaldy, A Christian Whelen, Olusegun O Soge, John R Papp, Ellen N Kersh, Glenn M Wasserman, Norman P O'Connor, Pamela S O'Brien, Douglas T Sato, Eloisa V Maningas, Gail Y Kunimoto, Juval E Tomas
Background.: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) currently recommends dual therapy with ceftriaxone and azithromycin for gonorrhea to ensure effective treatment and slow emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Since 2013, the prevalence of reduced azithromycin susceptibility increased in the United States; however, these strains were highly susceptible to cephalosporins. We report on a cluster of N. gonorrhoeae isolates demonstrating high-level azithromycin resistance, several of which also demonstrated decreased ceftriaxone susceptibility...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546830/antibiotic-resistance-serogroups-virulence-genes-and-phylogenetic-groups-of-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-yaks-with-diarrhea-in-qinghai-plateau-china
#19
Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Hui Zhang, Muhammad Kashif Iqbal, Khalid Mehmood, Shucheng Huang, Fazul Nabi, Houqiang Luo, Yanfang Lan, Jiakui Li
BACKGROUND: Ruminants serve as one of the most important reservoirs for pathogenic Escherichia coli. Infection with E. coli, a foodborne enteropathogen, can lead to asymptomatic infections that can cause life-threatening complications in humans. Therefore, from a clinical and human health perspective, it is important to know which virulence genes, phylogenetic groups, serogroups, and antibiotic resistance patterns are present in E. coli strains in yaks with diarrheic infections. METHODS: Two-hundred and ninety-two rectal swabs were collected from diarrheic yaks in Qinghai Plateau, China...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541711/a-critical-review-on-ultrasensitive-spectroscopic-based-methods-for-high-throughput-monitoring-of-bacteria-during-infection-treatment
#20
Nicoleta Elena Dina, Alia Colniță, Tiberiu Szöke-Nagy, Alin Sebastian Porav
The world is in the midst of a pre-emptive public health emergency, one that is just as dramatic as the global aggressive viruses-related crises (Ebola, Zika, or SARS), but not as visible. The "superbugs" and their antimicrobial resistance (AMR) don't cause much public alarm or awareness, but provoke financial losses of $100 trillion annually [1] . This status quo review offers an overview of ultrasensitive methods for high-throughput monitoring of bacteria during infection treatment, the effects of antibiotics on bacteria at single-cell level and the challenges we will need to face in their detection due to the extraordinary capability of these "superbugs" to gain and constantly improve multiresistance to antibiotics...
May 25, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
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