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One Health AND Antimicrobial resistance

Ghazna Zia, Haleema Sadia, Shabnam Nazir, Kiren Ejaz, Shaukat Ali, Ihsan-Ul-Haq, Tariq Iqbal, Muhammad Abdul Rauf Khan, Abida Raza, Saiqa Andleeb
BACKGROUND: Many health hazardous diseases are caused by clinical pathogens. Drug-resistant microbes are one of the major health problems in the world. To overcome the effect of infectious diseases new antimicrobial agent from nature has been explored which is environmentally friendly, less costly and more effective for the development of next-generation drugs. Bergenia ciliata and silver nitrate both have medicinal properties. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current research was to evaluate the cytotoxic, and antibacterial effect of green synthesized nanoparticles using Bergenia ciliata rhizome against clinical bacterial pathogens...
April 17, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Molly Courtenay, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Rhian Deslandes, Karen Hodson, Rosemary Lim, Gary Morris, Scott Reeves, Marjorie Weiss
Multi-drug resistant infections have been identified as one of the greatest threats to human health. Healthcare professionals are involved in an array of patient care activities for which an understanding of antimicrobial stewardship is important. Although antimicrobial prescribing and stewardship competencies have been developed for healthcare professionals who adopt the role of a prescriber, competencies do not exist for other medicine-related stewardship activities. Undergraduate education provides an ideal opportunity to prepare healthcare professionals for these roles and activities...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Sheila Adams-Sapper, Adam Gayoso, Lee W Riley
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) organisms have emerged to become a major global public health threat among antimicrobial resistant bacterial human pathogens. Little is known about how CREs emerge. One characteristic phenotype of CREs is heteroresistance, which is clinically associated with treatment failure in patients given a carbapenem. Through in vitro whole-transcriptome analysis we tracked gene expression over time in two different strains (BR7, BR21) of heteroresistant KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae, first exposed to a bactericidal concentration of imipenem followed by growth in drug-free medium...
2018: Journal of Pathogens
S Leimbach, V Krömker
Because clinical mastitis, one of the most common diseases in dairy cows, is routinely treated with antimicrobial substances, it offers a high potential for future reduction of antimicrobial usage. In fact, intramammary antibiotic administration is not advisable in cases of clinical mastitis caused by coliform bacteria, yeasts, or protothecae or in cases with no detectable mastitis pathogen. To avoid unnecessary treatments with antimicrobials for the benefit of animal health and public welfare, the rapid identification of the mastitis-causing pathogens becomes necessary...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Iman Dandachi, Elie S Sokhn, Elias A Dahdouh, Eid Azar, Bassel El-Bazzal, Jean-Marc Rolain, Ziad Daoud
Currently, antimicrobial resistance is one of the most prominent public health issues. In fact, there is increasing evidence that animals constitute a reservoir of antimicrobial resistance. In collaboration with the Lebanese Ministry of Agriculture, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal carriage of multi-drug-resistant Gram-negative Bacilli in poultry farms at the national level. Between August and December 2015, 981 fecal swabs were obtained from 49 poultry farms distributed across Lebanon...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Minako Furuno, Mariko Uchiyama, Yusuke Nakahara, Kei Uenoyama, Hisae Fukuhara, Shigeru Morino, Mayumi Kijima
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in imported swine during the quarantine period in Japan. METHODS: Nasal swabs from a total of 125 swine, belonging to 15 lots (unit of import) from five countries were investigated for MRSA from July 2016 to February 2017. Two isolates per positive lot were chosen for multilocus sequence typing (MLST). PCR was performed to determine the presence of the czrC gene, and broth dilution method was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Xiaomin Wang, Leesa Lin, Ziming Xuan, Lu Li, Xudong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate use of antibiotics has caused antimicrobial resistance, presenting a major health challenge to the world population. Self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) is currently at an alarming level in China. OBJECTIVES: To determine the sources of antibiotics leftover at home, the risk factors of keeping antibiotics at home, and the associations between keeping antibiotics at home and SMA among Chinese university students. METHODS: Six provinces were purposely selected from six regions of China, and one multi-disciplinary university was selected from each chosen province...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Raies A Mir, Thomas A Weppelmann, Lin Teng, Alexander Kirpich, Mauricio A Elzo, Joseph D Driver, Kwangcheol C Jeong
The emergence of infections caused by antimicrobial resistant microorganisms (ARMs) is currently one of the most important challenges to public health and medicine. Though speculated to originate at least partially from the overuse of antibiotics during food animal production, we hypothesized that cattle are exposed to ARMs in the environment. In this cohort study, a herd of beef calves with no previous exposure to antibiotics was followed during the first year of life in order to investigate the rate of colonization by bacteria resistant to the third-generation cephalosporin cefotaxime...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Sajid Umar, Ana Triana Maiyah, Mehwish Shareef, Hajra Qadir, Qamarun Nisa, Seema Abbas
Antibiotic resistance in avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is a common problem in the Indonesian poultry industry. Zoo birds have been postulated as sentinels, reservoirs, and potential spreaders of antibiotic resistance, although much is still unknown about the strains of zoo birds. Disinfection can reduce the infection burden. However, little is known about the presence of resistance against these products. Sixty one APEC strains were isolated from Indonesian zoo birds. The resistance to different classes of antibiotics as well as the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC) of five disinfectants most often used in the poultry industry was determined...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Tom J B de Man, Joseph D Lutgring, David R Lonsway, Karen F Anderson, Julia A Kiehlbauch, Lei Chen, Maroya Spalding Walters, Maria Sjölund-Karlsson, J Kamile Rasheed, Alexander Kallen, Alison Laufer Halpin
Antimicrobial resistance is a threat to public health globally and leads to an estimated 23,000 deaths annually in the United States alone. Here, we report the genomic characterization of an unusual Klebsiella pneumoniae , nonsusceptible to all 26 antibiotics tested, that was isolated from a U.S. PATIENT: The isolate harbored four known beta-lactamase genes, including plasmid-mediated bla NDM-1 and bla CMY-6 , as well as chromosomal bla CTX-M-15 and bla SHV-28 , which accounted for resistance to all beta-lactams tested...
April 3, 2018: MBio
W W Li, L Bai, X L Zhang, X J Xu, Z Tang, Z W Bi, Y C Guo
Objective: To determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella isolated from broiler production process in 4 provinces of China. Methods: Using convenience sampling method, 238 sample sites from broiler whole production process were chosen in Henan, Jiangsu, Heilongjiang and Shandong provinces in 2012. A total of 11 592 samples were collected and detected to analyze prevalence baseline, including 2 090 samples from breeding chicken farms and hatcheries, 1 421 samples from broiler farms, 5 610 samples from slaughterhouses and 2 471 samples from distribution and retail stores...
April 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
J S Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Hongbo Liu, Binghua Zhu, Shaofu Qiu, Yidan Xia, Beibei Liang, Chaojie Yang, Nian Dong, Yongrui Li, Ying Xiang, Shan Wang, Jing Xie, Muti Mahe, Yansong Sun, Hongbin Song
Shigella represents one of the major diarrhea-inducing pathogens threatening public health, but its prevalence and antimicrobial resistance profile in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region, China, remains unclear. We conducted comprehensive investigation of Shigella serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance pattern in Xinjiang, identifying 458 Shigella isolates between 2008 to 2014. Shigella flexneri was identified as predominant species, and several S. flexneri serotypes were isolated, including atypical serotypes 1c, 2c, and 4s...
2018: PloS One
M Krawiec, S Rusiecki, M Kuczkowski, A Wieliczko
Salmonella is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the European Union and the United States of America. Free-living birds are known as a reservoir for the different serovars of Salmonella, including S. Typhimurium, S. Enteritidis, S. Infantis, S. Newport and S. Hadar, which may play an important role in the epidemiology of salmonellosis in farm animals, particularly poultry. Also, the antibiotic resistance of Salmonella spp. is a growing, public health emergency. In the present study, the authors examined 36 Salmonella spp...
December 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Houssem Ben Yahia, Rym Ben Sallem, Ghassan Tayh, Naouel Klibi, Insaf Ben Amor, Haythem Gharsa, Abdellatif Boudabbous, Karim Ben Slama
BACKGROUND: The spreading of antibiotic resistant bacteria is becoming nowadays an alarming threat to human and animal health. There is increasing evidence showing that wild birds could significantly contribute to the transmission and spreading of drug-resistant bacteria. However, data for antimicrobial resistance in wild birds remain scarce, especially throughout Africa. The aims of this investigation were to analyze the prevalence of ESBL-producing E. coli in faecal samples of wild birds in Tunisia and to characterize the recovered isolates...
April 2, 2018: BMC Microbiology
C G Velasquez, K S Macklin, S Kumar, M Bailey, P E Ebner, H F Oliver, F S Martin-Gonzalez, M Singh
Salmonella spp. are among the most common foodborne pathogens, and increase in the occurrence of antimicrobial drug-resistant Salmonella poses a severe risk to public health. The main objective of this study was to determine changes in Salmonella prevalence and their antimicrobial resistance on poultry farms following recommendations to changes in biosecurity practices. Four poultry farms were sampled by collecting cloacal swabs, drag swabs, and litter samples prior to recommended biosecurity changes (March-April) and post recommendations (October-November)...
March 27, 2018: Poultry Science
Scott A McEwen, Peter J Collignon
One Health is the collaborative effort of multiple health science professions to attain optimal health for people, domestic animals, wildlife, plants, and our environment. The drivers of antimicrobial resistance include antimicrobial use and abuse in human, animal, and environmental sectors and the spread of resistant bacteria and resistance determinants within and between these sectors and around the globe. Most of the classes of antimicrobials used to treat bacterial infections in humans are also used in animals...
March 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
Muna Abu Sin, Saskia Nahrgang, Antina Ziegelmann, Alexandra Clarici, Sibylle Matz, Bernd-Alois Tenhagen, Tim Eckmanns
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is increasingly perceived as a global health problem. To tackle AMR effectively, a multisectoral one health approach is needed. We present some of the initiatives and activities at the national and global level that target the AMR challenge. The Global Action Plan on AMR, which has been developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), in close collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is considered a blueprint to combat AMR...
March 27, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Yeon-Jee Yoo, Eun-Jung Kwak, Kyung Muk Jeong, Seung-Ho Baek, Yoo Sang Baek
BACKGROUND: Dental health-care professionals (DHCPs) with nasal colonisation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can serve as a reservoir for MRSA transmission to others and be exposed to self-contamination with MRSA. Evaluating the knowledge, attitudes and actual practice of DHCPs is imperative for appropriate infection control. METHODS: Dentists, dental hygienists and dental technologists from Seoul National University Dental Hospital were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey and undergo nasal sampling of MRSA...
March 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
Kay Currie, Caroline King, Tim Nuttall, Matt Smith, Paul Flowers
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global challenge facing both human and animal healthcare professionals; an effective response to this threat requires a 'One-Health' approach to antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) to preserve important antibiotics for urgent clinical need. However, understanding of barriers and enablers to effective AMS behaviour in companion animal veterinary practice is currently limited. We conducted a Delphi study of 16 nationally recognised experts from UK-based veterinary policymakers, university academics and leaders of professional bodies...
March 23, 2018: Veterinary Record
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