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One Health AND Antimicrobial resistance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924169/hospital-acquired-infections-after-cardiac-surgery-and-current-physician-practices-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Scott O'Keefe, Kenneth Williams, Jean-Francois Legare
BACKGROUND: The management of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) with respect to physician practices remains largely unexplored despite increasing efforts to standardize care. In the present study, we report findings from a 2-month audit of all patients that have undergone cardiac surgery at a large referral center in Atlantic Canada. METHODS: All patients who underwent cardiac surgical procedures during May and June 2013 at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center in Halifax, Nova Scotia were identified...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922763/antimicrobial-resistance-in-nontyphoidal-salmonella-isolated-from-human-and-poultry-related-samples-in-brazil-20-year-meta-analysis
#2
Daiane Voss-Rech, Luciana Potter, Clarissa Silveira Luiz Vaz, Daniela Isabel Brayer Pereira, Luís Antonio Sangioni, Águeda Castagna Vargas, Sônia de Avila Botton
Nontyphoidal Salmonella are one of the leading causes of foodborne diseases in the world. As poultry products are recognized as main sources of human salmonellosis, nontyphoidal Salmonella control has become a global issue for the poultry industry. The increasing antimicrobial resistance in poultry-related nontyphoidal Salmonella serovars is a global matter of concern. By monitoring the evolution of antimicrobial resistance, alternative treatments can be identified and possible restrictions in the treatment of systemic human salmonellosis foreseen...
December 6, 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919287/chemical-profiling-antimicrobial-and-insecticidal-evaluations-of-polygonum-hydropiper-l
#3
Muhammad Ayaz, Muhammad Junaid, Farhat Ullah, Abdul Sadiq, Muhammad Ovais, Waqar Ahmad, Sajjad Ahmad, Anwar Zeb
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens is of great concern to the global health community. Our ability to effectively treat diseases is based on the discovery of potent drugs for the treatment of these challenging diseases. Traditional medicines are one of the major sources for the discovery of safe, effective and economical drug candidates. In order to validate its antibacterial, antifungal and insecticidal potentials with respect to traditional uses, we have screened for the first time Polygonum hydropiper against pathogenic bacterial, fungal strains and a variety of insects...
December 5, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918888/online-continuing-interprofessional-education-on-hospital-acquired-infections-for-latin-america
#4
Julio C Medina-Presentado, Alvaro Margolis, Lucia Teixeira, L Lorier, Ana C Gales, Graciela Pérez Sartori, Maura S Oliveira, Verónica Seija, Daniela Paciel, Rafael Vignoli, Silvia Guerra, Henry Albornoz, Zaida Arteta, Antonio Lopez-Arredondo, Sofía García
INTRODUCTION: Latin America is a large and diverse region, comprising more than 600 million inhabitants and one million physicians in over 20 countries. Resistance to antibacterial drugs is particularly important in the region. This paper describes the design, implementation and results of an international bi-lingual (Spanish and Portuguese) online continuing interprofessional interactive educational program on hospital-acquired infections and antimicrobial resistance for Latin America, supported by the American Society for Microbiology...
December 2, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908581/sonodynamic-inactivation-of-gram-positive-and-gram-negative-bacteria-using-a-rose-bengal-antimicrobial-peptide-conjugate
#5
David Costley, Heather Nesbitt, Nigel Ternan, James Dooley, Ying-Ying Huang, Michael R Hamblin, Anthony P McHale, John F Callan
Combating antimicrobial resistance is one of the most serious public health challenges facing society today. The development of new antibiotics or alternative techniques that can help combat antimicrobial resistance is being prioritised by many governments and stakeholders across the globe. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy is one such technique that has received considerable attention but is limited by the inability of light to penetrate through human tissue, reducing its effectiveness when used to treat deep-seated infections...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906121/one-health-training-and-research-activities-in-western-europe
#6
REVIEW
Reina Sikkema, Marion Koopmans
INTRODUCTION: The increase in emerging human infectious diseases that have a zoonotic origin and the increasing resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobial drugs have shown the need for collaborations between the human, animal and environmental health sectors. The One Health concept increasingly receives recognition from policy makers and researchers all over the world. This overview compiled research and education activities in the area of One Health in Western Europe (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom (UK), with a focus on infectious diseases...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905624/-detection-of-the-meca-gene-in-coagulase-positive-staphylococcus-isolated-from-cats
#7
Nicolás Galarce, Loreto Muñoz, María Antonieta Jara, Paulo Lubí, Alejandra Sepúlveda, Sonia Anticevic
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial resistance is a global concern for public health. Reports of antimicrobial resistance, including that against methicillin, have increased in strains of coagulase positive Staphylococcus (CPS) isolated from pets, however in Chile this information is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles and to detect the mecA gene in CPS strains isolated from cats in Chile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 134 samples were obtained from healthy cats and cats with skin lesions...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898574/factors-associated-with-primary-care-physician-knowledge-of-the-recommended-regimen-for-treating-gonorrhea
#8
Marta Bornstein, Faruque Ahmed, Roxanne Barrow, Jami Fraze Risley, Sheena Simmons, Kimberly A Workowski
BACKGROUND: The recommended regimen for treating uncomplicated gonorrhea has changed over time, due to the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. We assessed physician knowledge of the recommendation for treating uncomplicated urogenital gonorrhea in adolescents and adults using ceftriaxone and azithromycin dual therapy. METHODS: We analyzed DocStyles 2015 survey data from 1357 primary care physicians practicing for at least 3 years who provided screening, diagnosis, or treatment for sexually transmitted diseases to one or more patients in an average month...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895858/distribution-of-pathogenicity-island-pai-markers-and-phylogenetic-groups-in-diarrheagenic-and-commensal-escherichia-coli-from-young-children
#9
Ghazal Naderi, Fakhri Haghi, Habib Zeighami, Fatemeh Hemati, Neda Masoumian
AIM: This case-control study investigated the various PAI markers, phylogenetic groups and antimicrobial susceptibility among DEC and commensal E. coli isolates. BACKGROUND: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is an emerging agent among pathogens that cause diarrheal diseases and represents a major public health problem in developing countries. The major difference in virulence among DEC pathotype and commensals may be related to the presence of specific genomic segments, termed pathogenicity islands (PAIs)...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893949/phenotypic-and-genotypic-resistance-of-salmonella-isolates-from-healthy-and-diseased-pigs-in-china-during-2008-2015
#10
Yueguang Jiu, Shun Zhu, Sher Bahadar Khan, Mengzhen Sun, Geng Zou, Xianrong Meng, Bin Wu, Rui Zhou, Shaowen Li
The antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella strains is rapidly increasing worldwide, which poses significant threats to animal and public health. In this study, a total of 249 porcine Salmonella isolates collected in China during 2008-2015 were examined, including 155 clinical isolates from diseased pigs and 94 nonclinical isolates from healthy pigs. Based on the minimum inhibitory concentration of seven antimicrobial agents, 96.4% of the isolates were resistant to at least one of the tested antibiotics and 81...
November 28, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892531/a-genome-wide-association-study-identifies-a-horizontally-transferred-bacterial-surface-adhesin-gene-associated-with-antimicrobial-resistant-strains
#11
Masato Suzuki, Keigo Shibayama, Koji Yahara
Carbapenems are a class of last-resort antibiotics; thus, the increase in bacterial carbapenem-resistance is a serious public health threat. Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the microorganisms that can acquire carbapenem-resistance; it causes severe nosocomial infection, and is notoriously difficult to control in hospitals. Recently, a machine-learning approach was first used to analyze the genome sequences of hundreds of susceptible and resistant A. baumannii strains, including those carrying commonly acquired resistant mechanisms, to build a classifier that can predict strain resistance...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891118/colistin-in-pig-production-chemistry-mechanism-of-antibacterial-action-microbial-resistance-emergence-and-one-health-perspectives
#12
REVIEW
Mohamed Rhouma, Francis Beaudry, William Thériault, Ann Letellier
Colistin (Polymyxin E) is one of the few cationic antimicrobial peptides commercialized in both human and veterinary medicine. For several years now, colistin has been considered the last line of defense against infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative such as Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Colistin has been extensively used orally since the 1960s in food animals and particularly in swine for the control of Enterobacteriaceae infections. However, with the recent discovery of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance encoded by the mcr-1 gene and the higher prevalence of samples harboring this gene in animal isolates compared to other origins, livestock has been singled out as the principal reservoir for colistin resistance amplification and spread...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890726/sources-of-antibiotics-hot-springs
#13
REVIEW
Girish B Mahajan, Lakshmi Balachandran
The discovery of antibiotics heralded an era of improved health care. However, the over-prescription and misuse of antibiotics resulted in the development of resistant strains of various pathogens. Since then, there has been an incessant search for discovering novel compounds from bacteria at various locations with extreme conditions. The soil is one of the most explored locations for bioprospecting. In recent times, hypersaline environments and symbiotic associations have been investigated for novel antimicrobial compounds...
November 24, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886036/prevalence-assessment-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-salmonella-from-raw-chicken-eggs-in-haramaya-ethiopia
#14
Jelalu Kemal, Berhanu Sibhat, Sissay Menkir, Desta Beyene
INTRODUCTION: The presence of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella in poultry and poultry products, including eggs, is a global public health concern. This study aimed to estimate the levels and patterns of antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella from chicken eggs and assess consumers' raw egg consumption and farmers' handling practices. METHODOLOGY: A total of 300 egg samples were collected from Haramaya open market (n = 150) and Haramaya University poultry farm (n = 150) in Ethiopia...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867276/ursolic-acid-a-natural-pentacylcic-triterpene-from-ochrosia-elliptica-and-its-role-in-the-management-of-certain-neglected-tropical-diseases
#15
Rola M Labib, Sherif S Ebada, Fadia S Youssef, Mohamed L Ashour, Samir A Ross
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis and African trypanosomiasis are recognized as the leading causes of mortality and morbidity with the greatest prevalence in the developing countries. They affect more than one billion of the poorest people on the globe. OBJECTIVE: To find a cheap, affordable, safe, and efficacious antileshmanial and antitrypanosomal natural drug and to elucidate its probable mode of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phytochemical investigation of the non-polar fraction of the methanol extract of leaves of Ochrosia elliptica Labill...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860517/ceftriaxone-resistant-nontyphoidal-salmonella-from-humans-retail-meats-and-food-animals-in-the-united-states-1996-2013
#16
Martha Iwamoto, Jared Reynolds, Beth E Karp, Heather Tate, Paula J Fedorka-Cray, Jodie R Plumblee, Robert M Hoekstra, Jean M Whichard, Barbara E Mahon
BACKGROUND: Ceftriaxone resistance in Salmonella is a serious public health threat. Ceftriaxone is commonly used to treat severe Salmonella infections, especially in children. Identifying the sources and drivers of ceftriaxone resistance among nontyphoidal Salmonella is crucial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) tracks antimicrobial resistance in foodborne and other enteric bacteria from humans, retail meats, and food animals...
November 18, 2016: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853713/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-campylobacter-cuniculorum-isolated-from-rabbits-reared-in-intensive-and-rural-farms
#17
Silvia Piva, Daniela Florio, Domenico Mion, Renato Giulio Zanoni
The present study aimed to investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility in Campylobacter cuniculorum. To do so, 29 isolates from rabbits reared in 18 intensive and 11 rural farms not epidemiologically correlated were tested. Minimum inhibitory concentration of 8 antimicrobial agents was determined using the agar dilution method recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (Wayne, PA, USA), modified - for what supplements in the base medium and incubation conditions concern - for C. cuniculorum isolates...
June 3, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851767/markov-networks-of-collateral-resistance-national-antimicrobial-resistance-monitoring-system-surveillance-results-from-escherichia-coli-isolates-2004-2012
#18
William J Love, Kelson A Zawack, James G Booth, Yrjo T Grӧhn, Cristina Lanzas
Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an important component of public health. Antimicrobial drug use generates selective pressure that may lead to resistance against to the administered drug, and may also select for collateral resistances to other drugs. Analysis of AMR surveillance data has focused on resistance to individual drugs but joint distributions of resistance in bacterial populations are infrequently analyzed and reported. New methods are needed to characterize and communicate joint resistance distributions...
November 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842876/thailand-antimicrobial-resistance-containment-and-prevention-program
#19
Visanu Thamlikitkul, Pinyo Rattanaumpawan, Adhiratha Boonyasiri, Varaporn Pumsuwan, Tepnimitr Judaeng, Surapee Tiengrim, Wantana Paveenkittiporn, Suvichai Rojanasthien, Sasi Jaroenpoj, Saisiri Issaracharnvanich
The Thailand Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Containment and Prevention Program was founded to develop, co-ordinate and implement AMR Containment and Prevention (AMRCP) operational actions in Thailand following the 'One Health' approach. This article summarises the ten AMRCP operational actions initiated during the initial phase of the programme from 2012 to 2016: estimating the national AMR burden; establishing the dynamics of AMR chains to understand how AMR in Thailand develops and spreads; developing a national AMRCP infrastructure; developing laboratory and information technology systems for surveillance of AMR, antibiotic use and hospital-acquired infections; regulating the use and distribution of antibiotics in humans and food animals; generating local evidence for promoting responsible use of antibiotics and efficient practices for infection prevention and control; designing AMRCP campaigns; creating an AMRCP package; implementing the AMRCP package in selected pilot communities; and conducting research and development on diagnostics, therapy and prevention of antimicrobial-resistant bacterial infections...
December 2015: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830081/inhibitory-effect-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-and-lb-fermentum-isolated-from-the-faeces-of-healthy-infants-against-nonfermentative-bacteria-causing-nosocomial-infections
#20
M M Soltan Dallal, A Davoodabadi, M Abdi, M Hajiabdolbaghi, M K Sharifi Yazdi, M Douraghi, S M Tabatabaei Bafghi
Nosocomial infection constitutes a major public health problem worldwide. Increasing antibiotic resistance of pathogens associated with nosocomial infections has also become a major therapeutic challenge for physicians. Thus, development of alternative treatment protocols, such as the use of probiotics, matters. The aim of this research was to determine the antagonistic properties of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lb. fermentum isolated from the faeces of healthy infants against nonfermentative bacteria causing nosocomial infections...
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
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