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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881608/increased-detection-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-dysplasia-with-adjunctive-use-of-wide-area-transepithelial-sample-with-three-dimensional-computer-assisted-analysis-wats
#1
Seth A Gross, Michael S Smith, Vivek Kaul
Background: Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal dysplasia (ED) are frequently missed during screening and surveillance esophagoscopy because of sampling error associated with four-quadrant random forceps biopsy (FB). Aim: The aim of this article is to determine if wide-area transepithelial sampling with three-dimensional computer-assisted analysis (WATS) used adjunctively with FB can increase the detection of BE and ED. Methods: In this multicenter prospective trial, patients screened for suspected BE and those with known BE undergoing surveillance were enrolled...
May 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876624/eosinophilic-esophagitis-an-underdiagnosed-cause-of-dysphagia-and-food-impaction-to-be-recognized-by-otolaryngologists
#2
REVIEW
C Górriz Gil, V Matallana Royo, Ó Álvarez Montero, A Rodríguez Valiente, C Fernández Manzano, B Conde García, J R García-Berrocal
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a recently recognised pathologic entity whose prevalence has risen significantly since first being described in 1993. Defined as a chronic, local immune-mediated disease with predominant eosinophil infiltration, it is nowadays the leading cause of dysphagia and food bolus impaction in children and young adults. Genetic and environmental risk factors, and especially food antigens, trigger the disease and are in the focus of investigation as avoidance can cure three quarters of patients...
June 6, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865972/comparison-of-outcomes-in-medical-therapy-vs-surgical-intervention-of-esophageal-foreign-bodies
#3
Austin Y Lin, Brittny N Tillman, Aaron L Thatcher, Casey R Graves, Mark E Prince
Objectives (1) Compare efficacy of primary medical therapy vs primary surgical intervention in patients with esophageal foreign bodies (EFBs). (2) Investigate variables that may predict successful outcomes in patients treated for EFBs. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Single-institution academic tertiary care medical center. Subjects and Methods Adult patients (older than 18 years) seen at the University of Michigan Emergency Department (ED) over an 8-year period with the diagnosis of EFBs (January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2011; N = 250)...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763597/a-hem-o-lok-induced-tracheoesophageal-fistula-cured-by-temporary-airway-stenting-modified-with-three-dimensional-printing
#4
Yichao Han, Su Yang, Wei Huang, Zhongmin Wang, Hecheng Li
We present the case of a fistula between the trachea and the esophagogastric anastomosis in a 58-year-old male after esophagectomy. A Hem-o-Lok clip used at the time to ligate the azygos vein was discovered by esophagoscopy and bronchoscopy to be eroding into the both structures. A covered self-expandable Y-shaped metallic tracheobronchial stent was customized with a 3D printed airway model and inserted in place, with endoscopic injection of fibrin glue to the anastomotic site. 64 days after implantation, the stent was withdrawn with complete healing of the fistula...
May 12, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747255/-endoscopic-screening-for-upper-gastrointestinal-second-primary-malignancies-in-patients-with-hypopharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
J J Tian, W Xu, Z H Lyu, J K Ma, P Cui, N Sa, H Y Cao
Objective: To evaluate the usefullness of flexible esophagoscopy and chromoendoscopy with Lugol's solution in the detection of synchronous esophageal neoplasm in patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). Methods: A retrospective review of 96 cases with HSCC that received surgical treatment from March 2016 to March 2017 was accomplished. In these patients, the site of origin were pyriform sinus ( n =75), posterior pharyngeal wall ( n =11) and postcricoid ( n =10). Esophagoscopy was prospectively performed on all patients before treatment for HSCC...
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615125/in-office-laryngeal-procedures-iolp-in-canada-current-safety-practices-and-procedural-care
#6
Yael Bensoussan, Jennifer Anderson
BACKGROUND: The advent of chip tip technology combined with advanced endoscopy has revolutionized the field of laryngology in the past decade. Procedures such as transnasal esophagoscopy, site-specific steroid injections, injection laryngoplasty and laryngeal laser treatment can now be performed in the office setting under local anaesthesia. Although In-Office Laryngeal Procedures (IOLPs) have become standard-of-care in many American and several Canadian centers, there are no guidelines regulating the practice of these procedures...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590652/a-novel-device-for-placement-of-a-secondary-tracheoesophageal-voice-prosthesis-a-preliminary-feasibility-study
#7
Andrew T Tkaczuk, Rodney J Taylor, Jeffrey S Wolf
BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) for post-laryngectomy speech rehabilitation can be performed at the time of laryngectomy (primary) or at a subsequent time (secondary). Traditionally, the secondary procedure is performed using a rigid esophagoscope. Diseases like esophageal stricture, limited neck extension, and soft-tissue fibrosis can make this procedure technically challenging or impossible. We developed a novel device to perform a secondary tracheoesophageal puncture using a flexible esophagoscope...
2018: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557595/complications-during-esophageal-endoscopy-with-or-without-baloon-dilation-under-general-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-a-prospective-and-observational-study
#8
Pinar Kendigelen, Ayse C Tutuncu, Senol Emre, Fatis Altindas, Guner Kaya
BACKGROUND: Complications can occur during esophagoscopy as a result of applied procedure in children, especially during dilation techic. Our aim was to identify cardio-respiratory alterations during esophagoscopy with or without baloon dilation under anesthesia in children, and to investigate the postoperative complications. METHODS: Prospective, observational study of endoscopic procedures in patients 0-16 years. The patients were divided into two groups: the endoscopy-dilation group (Group ED: endoscopy and balloon dilation due to esophageal stricture) and endoscopy without dilation (Group E: endoscopy for diagnostic reasons, control esophagoscopy or sclerotherapy)...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517433/benign-idiopathic-esophageal-stricture-in-a-lion-panthera-leo-dilation-by-an-achalasia-balloon
#9
Ignacio Ayala, Francisco Laredo, Escobar, Fernando Alberca
A 1-yr old female lion ( Panthera leo) was referred with a 10-mo history of dysphagia for solid food (meat), episodic regurgitation, and poor weight gain. Esophagoscopy confirmed an esophagitis (midesophagus) and a stricture estimated to be of 13 mm diameter. This was subsequently dilated using a 20-mm-diameter balloon for 2 min followed by a 35-mm achalasia balloon for 3 min. The etiology remains undetermined in spite of a thorough history. The animal progressed satisfactorily, reaching 124 kg after 1 yr and has had no further signs...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486889/battery-ingestions-in-children-variations-in-care-and-development-of-a-clinical-algorithm
#10
Eric H Rosenfeld, Richard Sola, Yangyang Yu, Shawn D St Peter, Sohail R Shah
PURPOSE: To review current management and outcomes of ingested batteries and develop a clinical management algorithm. METHODS: Children <18years old who ingested a battery between 1/2011 and 9/2016 at two tertiary care children's hospitals were reviewed. Demographics, imaging, management and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square and Wilcoxon Rank-sum tests. RESULTS: There were 180 battery ingestions. The median age was 3...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447899/geographic-health-disparities-in-the-los-angeles-pediatric-esophageal-foreign-body-population
#11
Kevin Hur, Varun Angajala, Dennis Maceri, Christian Hochstim
OBJECTIVE: To assess geographical sociodemographic differences in the pediatric esophageal foreign body population of Los Angeles. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 128 consecutive pediatric patients at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) from 2014 to 2017 with a diagnosis of a retained foreign body in the esophagus removed by rigid or flexible esophagoscopy. Sociodemographic information including zip code of residence was extracted and analyzed with Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, and multivariable logistic regression...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417586/office-based-esophageal-dilation-in-head-and-neck-cancer-safety-feasibility-and-cost-analysis
#12
Rebecca J Howell, Melissa A Schopper, John Paul Giliberto, Ryan M Collar, Sid M Khosla
OBJECTIVE: To review experience, safety, and cost of office-based esophageal dilation in patients with history of head and neck cancer (HNCA). METHODS: The medical records of patients undergoing esophageal dilation in the office were retrospectively reviewed between August 2015 and May 2017. Patients were given nasal topical anesthesia. Next, a transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE) was performed. If the patient tolerated TNE, we proceeded with esophageal dilation using Seldinger technique with the CRE™ Boston Scientific (Boston Scientific Corp...
February 8, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390593/esophageal-diverticulum-serves-as-a-unique-cause-of-bronchoesophageal-fistula-in-children-a-case-report
#13
Zhi-Ming Wang, Shu-Cheng Zhang, Xu Teng
RATIONALE: Most of the esophageal diverticulums are congenital traction instead of in childhood. In most conditions, esophageal diverticulums are free of any symptoms. As one of the rare entity, esophageal diverticulum can also result in bronchoesophageal fistula. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 10-year-old girl was admitted due to a 2-month history of cough and choking after drinking, and fever for 3 days. No symptoms when taking solid food were found. DIAGNOSES: By esophagogram, 3-dimensional computed tomography and esophagoscopy, an esophageal diverticulum was demonstrated in the middle esophagus with a bronchoesophageal fistula visualized...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325526/aortoesophageal-fistula-and-arch-pseudoaneurysm-after-removing-of-a-swallowed-chicken-bone-a-case-report-of-one-stage-hybrid-treatment
#14
Jia-Yu Shen, Hong-Wei Zhang, Kang-Jun Fan, Hu Liao, Er-Yong Zhang, Jia Hu
BACKGROUND: Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) and arch pseudoaneurysm are rare complications induced by a foreign body, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herein report a successful one-stage hybrid treatment in a patient with AEF and arch pseudoaneurysm. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient, a 40-year-old man, presented to the emergency room because of intense retrosternal discomfort for 3 days and hematemesis for 3 h...
January 11, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236282/where-am-i-transnasal-esophagoscopy-outside-the-normal-esophagus
#15
Mark A Fritz, Gregory N Postma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221344/endoscopic-diverticulotomy-with-a-stapler-can-be-an-effective-and-safe-treatment-for-killian-jamieson-diverticulum
#16
Po-Jen Yun, Hsu-Kai Huang, Hung Chang, Shih-Chun Lee, Tsai-Wang Huang
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is a rarely encountered esophageal diverticulum which attributes to several symptoms. Clinically, KJD should be differentiated from the most common type of esophageal herniation, i.e., Zenker's diverticulum (ZD). The two diverticula may present in a similar fashion, and treatments have evolved from transcervical to a minimally invasive endoscopic approach in recent years. We present a case of an 88-year-old male with symptomatic esophageal diverticulum. Barium swallow esophagogram and flexible esophagoscopy demonstrated a large KJD with food debris retention...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215957/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-with-endoflip-and-double-endoscope-novel-techniques-for-achalasia-in-pediatric-population
#17
Fanny Yeung, Ian Y H Wong, Patrick H Y Chung, Kenneth K Y Wong, Simon Y K Law, Paul K H Tam
BACKGROUND: Experience of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for treatment of achalasia in pediatric population is limited with varying techniques in different centers. The accurate extent of submucosal tunneling into the gastric cardia and the adequacy of myotomy are the important determining factors to success of POEM. A majority of studies in pediatric population have described using submucosal dye injection for assessing the adequacy of myotomy, however, this is a rather crude and inaccurate method...
March 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119844/symptom-relief-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-globus-patients-a-prospective-study
#18
Pia Järvenpää, Assi Laatikainen, Risto P Roine, Harri Sintonen, Perttu Arkkila, Leena-Maija Aaltonen
Globus may be a persistent symptom impairing patients' quality of life. Diagnostics and treatment are controversial but some globus patients may benefit from reassurance and attention. We investigated how globus symptoms change during a short-term follow-up without any treatment after an examination by an ear, nose and throat (ENT) physician and further diagnostic procedures. We also surveyed whether patients with persistent globus suffer from simultaneous voice problems. The study comprised 30 consecutive globus patients referred to Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery...
November 9, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089792/iron-deficiency-anemia-and-plummer-vinson-syndrome-current-insights
#19
REVIEW
Amit Goel, Satvinder Singh Bakshi, Neetu Soni, Nanda Chhavi
Plummer-Vinson syndrome (PVS), a rare clinical condition, is characterized by a triad of dysphagia, iron deficiency anemia and esophageal web in the post-cricoid region. It was first described over a century ago. However, literature on this condition remains scanty, and its prevalence appears to be declining worldwide, possibly due to improvements in nutrition over time. The condition has been reported most commonly in thin-built, middle-aged, white women. The esophageal webs in PVS are thin mucosal folds, which are best seen either in lateral views at barium swallow or at esophagoscopy...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063954/a-gastroenterologist-s-perspective-on-the-role-of-barium-esophagography-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#20
David A Katzka
Although endoscopy is a sophisticated technique for evaluating patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), the single diagnostic test that enables the most comprehensive assessment for GERD is a well-performed video esophagram. Not only does the barium study permit assessment of morphologic abnormalities in the pharynx and esophagus, but also oropharyngeal swallowing function, esophageal motility, and gastroesophageal reflux. These factors are especially important for detection of anatomic findings such as strictures and hernias, for assessment of esophageal motility before and after fundoplication, and for excluding conditions that mimic GERD...
October 24, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
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