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Sarah Townsend, Michelle L Oblak, Ameet Singh, Michele A Steffey, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To report the diagnosis, treatment, and short-term outcome in dogs with suspected persistent right aortic arch (PRAA) undergoing thoracoscopy with concurrent esophagoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-institutional retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs with suspected PRAA (n=9). METHODS: Medical records were reviewed from 2012 to 2016. Dogs undergoing thoracoscopy for PRAA at 3 referral hospitals were included...
October 12, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Jürg Hafner, Christoph Gubler, Karin Kaufmann, Stephan Nobbe, Alexander A Navarini, Lars E French
A 74-year-old woman with extensive lichen planus mucosae (LPM) developed stenotic esophagitis that was refractory to intravenous glucocorticosteroids. Esophageal dilatations to 14 mm width were repeatedly performed without any lasting effect. After introducing oral apremilast, she experienced complete clinical remission within the first 4 weeks of treatment. Control esophagoscopy confirmed a marked recovery of the esophageal mucosa with no recurrence of the former stenosis. Our observation is in line with the case series of Paul et al...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Rachel S Kennedy, Rebecca A Starker, Kelly A Feldman, Jun Tashiro, Eduardo A Perez, Fernando G Mendoza, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In pediatric cases of ingested foreign bodies, gastrointestinal foreign bodies (GIFB) have distinct factors contributing to longer and more costly hospitalizations. METHODS: Patients admitted with ingested foreign bodies were identified in the Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2009). RESULTS: Overall, 7480 cases were identified. Patients were most commonly <5years of age (44%), male (54%), and Caucasian (57%). A total of 2506 procedures were performed, GI surgical procedures (57%) most frequently, followed by GI endoscopy (24%), esophagoscopy (11%), and bronchoscopy - in cases of inhaled objects (9%)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Il Hwan Park, Hyun Kyo Lim, Seung Woo Song, Kwang Ho Lee
Esophageal perforation is a very rare occurrence because accidental swallowing of foreign bodies is uncommon in adults. Thus, perforation due to swallowing of a foreign body and subsequent development of mediastinitis is rarely encountered by physicians. We experienced such a case and described an adult male patient who had perforated esophagus after accidentally swallowing a mussel shell. The patient visited our emergency department complaining of painful dysphagia for 4 days. A review of history revealed that he consumed a spicy seafood noodle soup containing mussel shells 4 days ago...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Masaki Ikeda, Yoshitake Murata, Ryoko Ohnishi, Tatsuo Kato, Akira Hara, Takuji Fujinaga
Congenital esophagobronchial fistula (EBF) is rarely seen in adults. We report a case of EBF detected in adulthood with a destroyed lung. A 67-year-old man experienced repeated pneumonia during his childhood. Since the age of 38, he had often suffered from bloody phlegm and always had a cough and sputum during oral intake. Before cardiac surgery for atrial fibrillation and valvular disease, computed tomography (CT) detected bronchiectasis, which could cause pulmonary bleeding during heart surgery, and the patient was introduced to our hospital for lung resection...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Hajime Takayasu, Kouji Masumoto, Miki Ishikawa, Takato Sasaki, Kentaro Ono
Recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is still difficult to diagnose and repair. In almost all cases, recurrence appears relatively soon after the primary surgery. We herein describe a case of recurrent TEF that appeared 10 years after the primary repair. At 2 years of age, the patient suffered from mental retardation due to encephalitis and developed a hiatus hernia with gastro-esophageal reflux. He underwent the repair of a hiatus hernia and fundoplication at 3 years of age. However, the hiatus hernia recurred 6 months after the operation...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Rebecca J Howell, Mariah B Pate, Stacey L Ishman, Tova F Isseroff, Adam D Rubin, Ahmed M Soliman, Gregory N Postma, Michael J Pitman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate clinical indications and endoscopic findings for patients undergoing transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multi-institutional, observational cohort study at four tertiary centers. METHODS: Demographics, reflux finding score, reflux symptom index, Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) scores, clinical indications, and endoscopic findings were compared among patients whose TNE findings resulted in a changes in management (FCIM), defined as a referral, new medication, or surgery recommendation...
August 17, 2016: Laryngoscope
Hiroshi Sakaida, Kazuki Chiyonobu, Hajime Ishinaga, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
Foreign body ingestion is a commonly encountered clinical problem. In particular, sharp foreign bodies lodged in the esophagus or hypopharynx can cause complications and require urgent removal. Removal by flexible esophagogastroduodenoscopy or rigid esophagoscopy is the treatment of choice and has high success rates, but cases in which these methods are unsuccessful must be treated with an external incision. A 62-year-old man was referred for a fish bone lodged in the hypopharynx that could not be removed by flexible esophagogastroduodenoscopy...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Yasemin Bilgin Büyükkarabacak, Ayşen Taslak Şengül, Mehmet Gökhan Pirzirenli, Ahmet Başoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Benign esophageal strictures are frequently encountered pathologies occurring due to various reasons. Repeated dilatations may be needed, particularly in resistant strictures. This study aimed to evaluate patients who underwent repeated dilatations in our clinic due to resistant esophageal strictures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients who underwent multiple dilatations in our clinic with the diagnosis of resistant benign esophageal stricture between 2007 and 2014 were studied for age, sex, etiology, symptoms, complications, number of dilatations, and intervals between dilatations...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Hayley Paradise, Kyle G Mathews, Eli B Cohen
A 6-year-old neutered male, Golden retriever presented with regurgitation and excitement-induced coughing. Two years prior, extra-thoracic tracheal collapse was diagnosed and extra-luminal tracheal ring prostheses were placed. Radiographs at presentation showed mineralized and undulant cervical tracheal cartilages. A dorsally broad-based soft tissue opacity bulged into the caudal cervical tracheal lumen. Esophageal dysmotility and barium accumulation were identified at this level on contrast esophography. Computed tomography showed migration of a prosthetic tracheal ring, resulting in perforation of the esophagus...
July 25, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Bahtiyar Polat, Serdar Karahatay, Hakan Birkent, Mustafa Gerek
Objectives: Transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE) is a relatively new diagnostic procedure in the evaluation of patients with globus sensation and dysphagia. Enabling doctors to examine all of the upper aerodigestive system without the need for sedation, this technique is becoming more popular among otolaryngology specialists. The aim of this study is to evaluate the practicability of TNE and tolerability of patients to the test. Methods: The study group consisted of 314 patients who were admitted to the swallowing center of a tertiary medical institution with the symptoms of dysphagia and globus sensation...
June 18, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Hui-Chen Huang, Su-Ying Fang
BACKGROUND: Acid regurgitation typically worsens during nighttime sleep, which influences the quality of life of patients and potentially causes pathological changes. As much as 80% of esophageal cancer patients experience acid regurgitation following esophagectomy and reconstruction surgery. Thus, improving this symptom is important to improving the quality of life of these patients. PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of elevating the head of the bed for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)...
June 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Kerry B Dunbar, Agoston T Agoston, Robert D Odze, Xiaofang Huo, Thai H Pham, Daisha J Cipher, Donald O Castell, Robert M Genta, Rhonda F Souza, Stuart J Spechler
IMPORTANCE: The histologic changes associated with acute gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have not been studied prospectively in humans. Recent studies in animals have challenged the traditional notion that reflux esophagitis develops when esophageal surface epithelial cells are exposed to lethal chemical injury from refluxed acid. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate histologic features of esophageal inflammation in acute GERD to study its pathogenesis. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients from the Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center who had reflux esophagitis successfully treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) began 24-hour esophageal pH and impedance monitoring and esophagoscopy (including confocal laser endomicroscopy [CLE]) with biopsies from noneroded areas of distal esophagus at baseline (taking PPIs) and at 1 week and 2 weeks after stopping the PPI medication...
May 17, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Aurora Burgos, Luis Rábago, Paloma Triana
The best modality for foreign body removal has been the subject of much controversy over the years. We have read with great interest the recent article by Souza Aguiar Municipal Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, describing their experience with the management of esophageal foreign bodies in children. Non-endoscopic methods of removing foreign bodies (such as a Foley catheter guided or not by fluoroscopy) have been successfully used at this center. These methods could be an attractive option because of the following advantages: Shorter hospitalization time; easy to perform; no need for anesthesia; avoids esophagoscopy; and lower costs...
May 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Gulzar Ahmad Dar, Farooq Ahmad Ganie, Mohammad Ishaq, Kowsar Jan, Zargar Showkat Ali, Ghulam Nabi Lone, Mashkoor Beigh, Tariq Abdullah, Maqsood Ahmad Dar, Mir Mudasir Sidiq
Foreign body ingestion and aspiration is among the most common causes of emergency department visit associated with high morbidity and mortality. Ingested and aspirated denture is rare conditions being scarcely reported in the literature. We herein report a 57-year-old man who presented with 2-day history of liquid and solid dysphagia who was diagnosed to have impacted denture in esophagus since 3 years prior to presentation. He was diagnosed to have esophagus adenocarcinoma and had undergone esophageal radiotherapy...
January 2015: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Beatrice Leemann, Sabrina Sergi, Leila Sahinpasic, Armin Schnider
Neurologic dysphagia is frequent and has consequences which can be severe, such as, denutrition andpneumonia. In most cases, it can be detected with a clinical exam. The management includes some general measures, an adaptation of textures, specific rehabilitation, and nutritional assessment to judge whether complementary enteral nutrition is needed.
March 2, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
J González-Cervera, A J Lucendo
In recent years, several randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses have evaluated the efficacy of the various therapeutic options available for treating patients with eosinophilic esophagitis, including dietary modifications, proton pump inhibitors, topical corticosteroids, and endoscopic esophageal dilation. Proton pump inhibitors are currently considered the first-line treatment for eosinophilic esophagitis, achieving histological remission and improvement of symptoms in 50.5% and 60.8% of patients, respectively...
2016: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Jill N D'Souza, Adam J Luginbuhl, Richard A Goldman, Joshua E Heller, Joseph M Curry, David M Cognetti
IMPORTANCE: Dysphagia is a frequently reported sequela of treatment for head and neck cancer and is often managed with esophageal dilation in patients with dysphagia secondary to hypopharyngeal or esophageal stenosis. Reported complications of esophagoscopy with dilation include bleeding, esophageal perforation, and mediastinitis. These, though rare, can lead to substantial morbidity or mortality. In patients who have undergone irradiation, tissue fibrosis and devascularization may contribute to a higher incidence of these complications...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Monika Korte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2015: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Peter Stiefelhagen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2015: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
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