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case report and aspiration pneumonia

Akwugo A Eziefule, Solafa Elshatanoufy, Mili Thakur, Frederico G Rocha
Background Propofol is a widely known, commonly used drug. Complications can occur with the use of this drug, including propofol-related infusion syndrome (PRIS). PRIS, in the obstetric population, has not been documented; however, we report a case of a patient who developed PRIS after an emergent cesarean delivery of a preterm infant. Case Study A 35-year-old multigravida woman presented complaining of leakage of fluid and decreased fetal movement. Her pregnancy was complicated by methadone maintenance therapy due to a history of opioid abuse...
October 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Jun Hirai, Daisuke Sakanashi, Shusaku Haranaga, Takeshi Kinjo, Mao Hagihara, Hideo Kato, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Yuka Yamagishi, Jiro Fujita, Hiroshige Mikamo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In recent years, Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG) bacteria are becoming increasingly recognized as important pneumonia-causing pathogens. Although several small studies have been reported, the features of SAG pneumonia remain unclear, because the identification of SAG from sputum cultures is not routinely performed in most microbiology laboratories. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical characteristics of SAG pneumonia. PATIENT AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study utilizing data obtained in our hospital between September 2009 and June 2016...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Ahmad Ghoochani Khorasani, Shahin Shadnia, Mohammad Mashayekhian, Mitra Rahimi, Abbas Aghabiklooei
Background. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common health care-associated infection. To prevent this complication, aspiration of subglottic secretions using Hi-Lo Evac endotracheal tube (Evac ETT) is a recommended intervention. However, there are some reports on Evac ETT dysfunction. We aimed to compare the incidence of VAP (per ventilated patients) in severely ill poisoned patients who were intubated using Evac ETT versus conventional endotracheal tubes (C-ETT) in our toxicology ICU. Materials and Methods...
2016: Scientifica
M Tetart, V Trosini-Désert, A Fekkar, C Chenivesse
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of pneumonia associated with necrotic mediastinal lymph nodes in an immunocompetent patient. The case report illustrates the difficulties in making a diagnosis in necrotic mediastinal lymph nodes and discusses strategies to optimize sampling. OBSERVATION: A 21-year-old immunocompetent woman was admitted to hospital with dyspnea and fever occurring ten days after delivery. Physical examination, biological results and chest X-ray led to the diagnosis of right upper lobe pneumonia...
September 9, 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Radhakrishna Ramchandani, Ravindra Kumar Dewan, Sarita Ramchandani
Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a very common and lethal problem among children. It can easily be diagnosed with a typical history of choking crisis. Clinical examination and radiology play a secondary role in diagnosis. Acute choking episode may lead to death or else to serious sequels such as bronchiectasis, atelectasis, and recurrent pneumonia. Here, we report an interesting case of bronchiectasis in a young female initially thought to be a consequence of pulmonary tuberculosis, who was subsequently found to have retained foreign body in the left lower lobe lung which was the actual cause of her symptoms...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Ravish Manmohan Kshatriya, Nimit V Khara, Rajiv P Paliwal, Sateesh N Patel
It is not so common to aspirate foreign body in normal adults without any predisposing factors as compared to children and those with the altered neurological state. Endobronchial foreign bodies are one of the causes of obstructive pneumonia and difficult to diagnose as signs and symptoms are often nonspecific. However, once they are diagnosed, they can generally be removed, leading to rapid and drastic resolution of symptoms. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard in the identification and localization of an airway foreign body and also for better management of the ailment...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Alexander Link, Tim Lachmund, Christian Schulz, Jochen Weigt, Peter Malfertheiner
BACKGROUND: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a valuable treatment modality for recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) colitis. Multiple questions including the best delivery route and volume remain unanswered. Here, we report a case series of high-volume FMT using endoscopic jejunal application route. METHODS: In prospective observational study, FMT was performed using fresh specimen from healthy unrelated donors to the patients with recurrent or refractory C...
August 12, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
F Lee Cantrell, Phyllis Mallett, Lenore Aldridge, Kimi Verilhac, Iain M McIntyre
Tapentadol (TAP) is an analgesic agent indicated for the management of different types of pain. It has a novel mechanism of action in that it induces analgesia via both μ-opioid receptor agonism and norepinephrine reuptake inhibition. Although deaths associated with TAP use have been reported, there is a paucity of published literature regarding TAP concentrations in biological samples obtained from TAP-associated fatalities. We report a case of TAP toxicity resulting in death with postmortem peripheral and central blood concentrations, liver, vitreous, urine, and gastric contents...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
Liang Chye Goh, Kalimuthu Santhi, Balachandran Arvin, Mohamad Yunus Mohd Razif
An acquired persistent tracheopharyngeal fistula secondary to an infected tracheopharyngeal voice prosthesis is a common cause of recurrent aspiration pneumonia in a postlaryngectomy patient. We report a case of a successfully treated tracheopharyngeal fistula whereby both the sternocleidomastoid muscles were used as muscular flaps to close the defect and its outcome.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Young-Hsiang Lin, Shih-Kai Hung, Wen-Yen Chiou, Moon-Sing Lee, Bing-Jie Shen, Liang-Cheng Chen, Dai-Wei Liu, Wei-Ta Tsai, Po-Hao Lin, Yi-Ting Shih, Feng-Chun Hsu, Shiang-Jiun Tsai, Michael W Y Chan, Hon-Yi Lin
BACKGROUND: Clinically, elderly patients with unresectable bulky hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are difficult to manage, especially in those with co-infections of hepatitis B and C virus. Herein, we reported such a case treated with radiotherapy (RT) by using combined simultaneously integrated inner-escalated boost and volumetric-modulated arc radiotherapy (SIEB-VMAT). After RT, significant symptoms alleviation and durable tumor control were observed. CASE SUMMARY: At presentation, an 85-year-old male patient complained abdominal distention/pain, poor appetite, and swelling over bilateral lower limbs for 1 month...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Toyoaki Sawano, Tsuyoshi Nemoto, Masaharu Tsubokura, Claire Leppold, Akihiko Ozaki, Shigeaki Kato, Yukio Kanazawa
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding is widely used as a route for enteral feeding for patients with impaired swallowing ability, particularly in older patients. Hepatic portal venous gas is a condition that may arise from several causes. Hepatic portal venous gas that develops after an endoscopic procedure is generally reported to be nonfatal, yet there is little information available concerning the characteristics of hepatic portal venous gas as a chronic complication of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Erica Tilley, James McLoughlin, Simon A Koblar, Sebastian H Doeltgen, Cindy Stern, Sarahlouise White, Micah D J Peters
BACKGROUND: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is an adult onset neurodegenerative condition associated with mobility, balance, speech, swallowing, vision and cognitive changes. The condition is diagnosed using the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and the Society of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (SPSP) criteria. Therapeutic interventions for PSP are important, and a healthcare team should include a physiotherapist, occupational therapist and speech therapist...
June 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Shinichi Iwamoto, Shuichi Yano, Emiko Nishikawa, Mitsuhiro Tada, Toru Kadowaki, Masahiro Kimura, Kanako Kobayashi, Toshikazu Ikeda
PURPOSE: We report an outbreak of 64 cases of tuberculosis (TB) that spread in a welfare facility for elderly individuals. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: First, 64 TB patients who had contact with the source patient were screened at our hospital. We examined the time course up to the discovery of symptoms and analyzed the results for variable numbers of tandem repeats (VNTR) and the drug susceptibility tests. Second, we performed chest computed tomography to examine lesions due to a previous TB infection...
April 2016: Kekkaku: [Tuberculosis]
K Avsar, J Behr, M Lindner, A Morresi-Hauf
We report the case of a young male patient with a solitary pulmonary echinococcus cyst. The diagnosis of Cystic Echinococcosis is based on clinical findings, imaging and serology. In the setting of lung cysts the diagnosis can be difficult, particularly as the sensitivity of the serologic tests is lower compared to liver cysts. Bronchoscopic ultrasound of the cystic lesion and respectively the analysis of the cyst aspirate can lead to the diagnosis. In the present case an eosinophilic pneumonia as the result of the puncture has to be discussed...
August 2016: Pneumologie
Jibo He, Jing Duan
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical, virological, and epidemiological features of the first death caused by a H5N6 avian influenza virus in Yunnan Province, China. METHOD: The case was described in clinical expression, chest radiography, blood test and treatment. Real-time RT-PCR was used to detect H5N6 virus RNA in clinical and environment samples. Epidemiological investigation was performed including case exposure history determinant, close contacts follow up, and environment sample collection...
2015: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Yikuan Feng, Jianping Zhao, Qun Yang, Weining Xiong, Guohua Zhen, Yongjian Xu, Zhenxiang Zhang, Huilan Zhang
BACKGROUND: In the lung, melanoma is mostly arranged as patterns of multiple nodules, solitary nodules, or miliary invasions. Very rarely, it also displays a "crazy paving" pattern (also described as a "paving stone," "flagstone," or "slabstone" pattern), which is rarer still in discrete bilateral nodules. This pattern is considered to be caused by pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, but its association with various diseases is unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old man was diagnosed with pulmonary melanoma...
2016: BMC Cancer
Taku Maeda, Yuhei Yamamoto, Soichi Tanaka, Toshihiko Hayashi
The authors report a case of an 84-year-old woman with an exposed mandibular plate after reconstruction, which finally healed with combination therapy using vacuum-assisted closure therapy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The woman was diagnosed with mucosal carcinoma of the right oral cavity. During reconstruction after segmental excision of the mandible, a titanium plate was selected based on several risk factors. After the operation, the plate became exposed at the center of the chin. A second surgery was deemed inappropriate because of her age, malnutrition, and recurrent aspiration pneumonia...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Makoto Nakao, Kazuki Sone, Yusuke Kagawa, Ryota Kurokawa, Hidefumi Sato, Takefumi Kunieda, Hideki Muramatsu
Diagnosing active tuberculosis in elderly patients presents problems due to nonspecific symptoms and complications such as aspiration pneumonia. The current study presents two cases of pulmonary tuberculosis with bilateral pulmonary infiltrates associated with aspiration pneumonia. The two elderly patients developed acute respiratory distress syndrome as a result of aspiration pneumonia. The diagnoses of pulmonary tuberculosis were delayed in both cases, as the patients were diagnosed with active tuberculosis following discharge from hospital...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jun-Hyung Lee, Jin-Soo Hyun, Da-Yeong Kang, Hee-Jeong Lee, Sang-Gon Park
BACKGROUND: Mucormycosis is a rare and life-threatening invasive fungal infection. Pulmonary mucormycosis commonly occurs in patients with severe neutropenia. Typically, pulmonary mucormycosis causes tissue necrosis resulting from angioinvasion and subsequent thrombosis, so most cases can occur with necrotizing pneumonia and/or hemoptysis. Some complex cases may invade adjacent organs, such as the mediastinum, pericardium, and chest wall. However, to the best our knowledge there is little known regarding bronchoesophageal fistula due to pulmonary mucormycosis after induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Lucas Santos Zambon, Guilherme Nader Marta, Natan Chehter, Luis Guilherme Del Nero, Marina Costa Cavallaro
BACKGROUND: Edwardsiella tarda is an Enterobacteriaceae found in aquatic environments. Extraintestinal infections caused by Edwardsiella tarda in humans are rare and occur in the presence of some risk factors. As far as we know, this is the first case of near-drowning-associated pneumonia with bacteremia caused by coinfection with methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus and Edwardsiella tarda in a healthy patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old previously healthy white man had an episode of fresh water drowning after acute alcohol consumption...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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