keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

travelers' diarrhea

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922822/comment-on-guidelines-for-the-prevention-of-and-treatment-of-travelers-diarrhea-a-graded-expert-panel-report-by-riddle-et-al
#1
Julie Richards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912916/acute-liver-failure-in-a-patient-travelling-from-asia-the-other-face-of-the-coin-of-infectious-disease
#2
Balen Abdulrahman, Mohamed H Ahmed, John Ramage
We present a case of a 63-year-old male who had travelled from South India to United Kingdom (UK) visiting relatives. He had developed episodes of diarrhea, vomiting and fevers while travelling and on assessment in hospital, mild abdominal distension was noted with rapid deterioration to hypovolemic shock. Initial blood test showed a low platelet count with deranged liver function tests (LFTs). It was noted that during admission to intensive care unit (ICU), blood continued to ooze from a previous surgical laparoscopy wound, central and arterial line access sites...
August 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906580/comparison-of-one-commercial-and-two-in-house-taqman-multiplex-real-time-pcr-assays-for-detection-of-enteropathogenic-enterotoxigenic-and-enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli
#3
Andreas Hahn, Marc Luetgehetmann, Olfert Landt, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Hagen Frickmann
OBJECTIVE: Enteropathogenic, enterotoxigenic, and enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EPEC, ETEC, EAEC) are among the most frequent causes of diarrhea during travel or on military deployments. Cost efficient and reliable real-time multiplex PCR (mPCR) assays are desirable for surveillance or point prevalence studies in remote and resource-limited tropical settings. We compared one commercial PCR kit and two in-house assays without using a gold standard to estimate sensitivity and specificity of each assay...
September 14, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887647/a-comparative-evaluation-study-of-growth-conditions-for-culturing-the-isolates-of-campylobacter-spp
#4
Ying-Hsin Hsieh, Steven Simpson, Khalil Kerdahi, Irshad M Sulaiman
Campylobacter is one of the leading causes of foodborne travelers' diarrhea worldwide. Although a large number cases of campylobacteriosis go undiagnosed or unreported, it is considered as the second most common foodborne illness in the USA affecting over 1.3 million individuals every year. Of various Campylobacter species, C. jejuni, C. coli, and C. lari have been accounted for causing more than 99% of human infections. Thus, there is a need to have efficient isolation method to protect public health on food safety and monitoring the burden of campylobacteriosis...
September 8, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885922/management-of-acute-diarrheal-illness-during-deployment-a-deployment-health-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#5
Mark S Riddle, Gregory J Martin, Clinton K Murray, Timothy H Burgess, Patrick Connor, James D Mancuso, Elizabeth R Schnaubelt, Timothy P Ballard, Jamie Fraser, David R Tribble
BACKGROUND: Acute diarrheal illness during deployment causes significant morbidity and loss of duty days. Effective and timely treatment is needed to reduce individual, unit, and health system performance impacts. METHODS: This critical appraisal of the literature, as part of the development of expert consensus guidelines, asked several key questions related to self-care and healthcare-seeking behavior, antibiotics for self-treatment of travelers' diarrhea, what antibiotics/regimens should be considered for treatment of acute watery diarrhea and febrile diarrhea and/or dysentery, and when and what laboratory diagnostics should be used to support management of deployment-related travelers' diarrhea...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885921/acquisition-of-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-organisms-during-travel
#6
Clinton K Murray, Dana M Blyth
The rate of multidrug resistance has continued to increase worldwide, presenting clinicians with further challenges related to patient care. In this article, we review information related to the acquisition of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative organisms among travelers, including deployed personnel, as well as the potential impact on wound microbiology and travelers' diarrhea. Travel to Asia, experiencing travelers' diarrhea, and use of antibiotics, whereas abroad have been associated with an increased risk of acquiring MDR Enterobacteriaceae colonization...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885920/antibiotic-therapy-for-acute-watery-diarrhea-and-dysentery
#7
David R Tribble
Diarrheal disease affects a large proportion of military personnel deployed to developing countries, resulting in decreased job performance and operational readiness. Travelers' diarrhea is self-limiting and generally resolves within 5 days; however, antibiotic treatment significantly reduces symptom severity and duration of illness. Presently, azithromycin is the preferred first-line antibiotic for the treatment of acute watery diarrhea (single dose 500 mg), as well as for febrile diarrhea and dysentery (single dose 1,000 mg)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885919/diagnostics-in-a-forward-deployed-setting
#8
Brett Swierczewski, Mark Simons
Current diagnostic methods for enteric pathogens include conventional/traditional microbiology, microscopy, enzyme immunoassay, automated identification platforms, and molecular methods. The choice of diagnostic test in the forward deployed military setting often depends on turnaround time, potential etiologic agents, costs, and laboratory capabilities. The military operational environment presents many challenges that impact the practicality and performance of even robust diagnostic platforms. With recent developments in diagnostic platforms and availability of high-performance multiplex molecular methods to pair with traditional culture and antibiotic susceptibility tests, there are more opportunities to gather information on the etiologic causes and clinical impacts of traveler's diarrhea, both in civilians and in deployed military populations...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885918/travelers-diarrhea-an-update-on-the-incidence-etiology-and-risk-in-military-deployments-and-similar-travel-populations
#9
Chad K Porter, Scott Olson, Alexis Hall, Mark S Riddle
Travelers' diarrhea (TD) has historically been a common illness among visitors to developing nations. Although recent studies indicate decreasing incidence of TD among short-term travelers, a systematic review of illness among long-term travelers, including deployed military personnel, has not been conducted in more than 10 years. We conducted a literature search of studies published between 2005 and 2015 that evaluated TD in populations of deployed military personnel or similar long-term travelers (travel ≥1 month) to developing nations...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885917/preface-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-travelers-diarrhea-in-deployed-military-personnel
#10
Mark S Riddle, David Tribble
Diarrheal disease frequently affects military personnel deployed to developing countries, resulting in decreased job performance and potential negative impacts on military operational readiness. Travelers' diarrhea is a self-limiting illness; however, antibiotic treatment (with and without use of adjunct loperamide therapy) has been shown to significantly reduce clinical presentation of symptoms and duration of illness. Nonetheless, the choice of first-line antibiotics must be carefully considered as increasing resistance of enteric pathogens in endemic regions has rendered many first-line antibiotics ineffective (e...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883983/antibiotic-resistance-in-campylobacter-and-other-diarrheal-pathogens-isolated-from-us-military-personnel-deployed-to-thailand-in-2002-2004-a-case-control-study
#11
Carl J Mason, Siriporn Sornsakrin, Jessica C Seidman, Apichai Srijan, Oralak Serichantalergs, Nucharee Thongsen, Michael W Ellis, Viseth Ngauy, Brett E Swierczewski, Ladaporn Bodhidatta
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter continues to be an important cause of diarrheal disease worldwide and a leading cause in Southeast Asia. Studies of US soldiers and marines deployed to Thailand for a 2 to 3 week field exercise provide a unique population in which to study traveler's diarrhea. METHODS: A case-control study of 217 deployed military personnel was conducted from 2002 through 2004. Of these, 155 subjects who presented to a field medical unit with acute diarrhea were enrolled as cases...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883979/review-chronic-and-persistent-diarrhea-with-a-focus-in-the-returning-traveler
#12
REVIEW
Christopher A Duplessis, Ramiro L Gutierrez, Chad K Porter
BACKGROUND: Travelers' diarrhea is a common malady afflicting up to 50% of travelers after a 2-week travel period. An appreciable percentage of these cases will become persistent or chronic. We summarized the published literature reporting persistent/chronic diarrhea in travelers elucidating current understanding of disease incidence, etiology and regional variability. METHODS: We searched electronic databases (Medline, Embase, and Cochrane database of clinical trials) from 1990 to 2015 using the following terms: "chronic or persistent diarrh* and (returning) travel* or enteropathogen, GeoSentinel, and travel-associated infection...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832624/pediatric-cryptosporidiosis-an-evaluation-of-health-care-and-societal-costs-in-peru-bangladesh-and-kenya
#13
Ellen R Rafferty, Janna M Schurer, Michael B Arndt, Robert K M Choy, Eugenio L de Hostos, David Shoultz, Marwa Farag
Cryptosporidium is a leading cause of pediatric diarrhea in resource-limited settings; yet, few studies report the health care costs or societal impacts of this protozoan parasite. Our study examined direct and indirect costs associated with symptomatic cryptosporidiosis in infants younger than 12 months in Kenya, Peru and Bangladesh. Inputs to the economic burden model, such as disease incidence, population size, health care seeking behaviour, hospital costs, travel costs, were extracted from peer-reviewed literature, government documents, and internationally validated statistical tools for each country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831215/anti-diarrhea-activity-of-the-aqueous-root-bark-extract-of-byrsocarpus-coccineus-on-castor-oil-induced-diarrhea-in-wistar-rats
#14
Sunday A Ejeh, Patrick Onyeyili, Samson E Abalaka
AIM: The use of traditional medicine as an alternative source of cure for many ailments has played an important role in health care delivery in both developing and developed countries. Byrsocarpus coccineus Schum and Thonn (Connaraceae) is used in traditional medicine for treatment of various disease conditions, including diarrhea. The anti-diarrhea activity of the root bark aqueous extract of B. coccineus was investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute toxicity evaluation of the aqueous extract of B...
July 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830575/a-cross-sectional-study-of-acute-diarrhea-in-pudong-shanghai-china-prevalence-risk-factors-and-healthcare-seeking-practices
#15
J-X Yu, W-P Zhu, C-C Ye, C-Y Xue, S-J Lai, H-L Zhang, Z-K Zhang, Q-B Geng, W-Z Yang, Q Sun, Z-J Li
Diarrhea is a common cause of morbidity and mortality and the incidence of diarrhea in the world has changed little over the past four decades. To assess the prevalence of and healthcare practices for diarrhea, a cross-sectional study was conducted in Pudong, Shanghai, China. In October 2014, a total of 5324 community residents were interviewed. Respondents were asked if they had experienced diarrhea (defined as ⩾3 passages of watery, loose, bloody, or mucoid stools within a 24-h period) in the previous month prior to the interview...
August 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804515/mmx-%C3%A2-technology-and-its-applications-in-gastrointestinal-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Silvia Nardelli, Laura Francesca Pisani, Gian Eugenio Tontini, Maurizio Vecchi, Luca Pastorelli
The Multimatrix(®) (MMX(®)) preparation MMX(®) is a recently obtained drug formulation developed to facilitate release of high concentrations of active drugs into the colon, with a homogeneous distribution along all colonic segments, particularly the most distal ones; the distal colonic tracts, indeed, are the most difficult to reach in significant amounts when a drug is given orally. The MMX(®) formulation is characterized by a lipophilic matrix dispersed in a hydrophilic structure. Indeed, in the last few years, MMX(®) technology has been widely used in the development of various drugs for the treatment of inflammatory and infectious gastrointestinal diseases localized in the colon...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802231/phytochemical-properties-and-pharmacological-effects-of-quercus-ilex-l-aqueous-extract-on-gastrointestinal-physiological-parameters-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Kaïs Rtibi, Imen Hammami, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Hichem Sebai, Mohamed Amri, Lamjed Marzouki
INTRODUCTION: Several research studies have reported on the pharmacological relevance of the medicinal plants used for treating various gastrointestinal disorders and controlling the dietary glucose uptake in the intestinal tract. METHODS: Male rats were used to investigate the pharmacological effects of green oak acorn aqueous extract (GOAE) on gastrointestinal physiological parameters in vivo and in vitro. In this respect, the gastro-intestinal motility and hypersecretion essays were evaluated using a simple test meal (10% charcoal in 5% gum arabic) and castor oil induced diarrhea...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794575/caregiver-decision-making-household-response-to-child-illness-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Hayley Pierce, Ashley Larsen Gibby, Renata Forste
We draw upon a framework outlining household recognition and response to child illness proposed by Colvin and colleagues (2013) to examine factors predictive of treatment sought for a recent child illness. In particular, we model whether no treatment, middle layer treatment (traditional healer, pharmacy, community health worker, etc.), or biomedical treatment was sought for recent episodes of diarrhea, fever, or cough. Based on multinomial, multilevel analyses of Demographic and Health Surveys from 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, we determine that if women have no say in their own healthcare, they are unlikely to seek treatment in response to child illness...
October 2016: Population Research and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742106/epidemiology-of-enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli-infections-and-associated-outcomes-in-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Elizabeth T Rogawski, Richard L Guerrant, Alexandre Havt, Ila F N Lima, Pedro H Q S Medeiros, Jessica C Seidman, Benjamin J J McCormick, Sudhir Babji, Dinesh Hariraju, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Jasmin Shrestha, Japhat Anania, Athanasia Maro, Amidou Samie, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Shahida Qureshi, Mustafa Mahfuz, Pascal O Bessong, Margaret N Kosek, Tahmeed Ahmed, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Dennis R Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Eric R Houpt, Aldo A M Lima
BACKGROUND: Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) have been associated with mildly inflammatory diarrhea in outbreaks and in travelers and have been increasingly recognized as enteric pathogens in young children with and without overt diarrhea. We examined the risk factors for EAEC infections and their associations with environmental enteropathy biomarkers and growth outcomes over the first two years of life in eight low-resource settings of the MAL-ED study. METHODS: EAEC infections were detected by PCR gene probes for aatA and aaiC virulence traits in 27,094 non-diarrheal surveillance stools and 7,692 diarrheal stools from 2,092 children in the MAL-ED birth cohort...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721104/case-report-of-a-computerized-tomography-sign-in-strongyloides-stercoralis-infection
#20
Sandeep Yerra, Pradeep Yarra
This is a case of strongyloidiasis showing colon enhancement on a computerized tomography (CT) scan. The patient presented with chief complaints of diarrhea and abdominal pain. She gave a history of recent travel to El Salvador and her stool was positive for Strongyloides stercoralis. A CT scan revealed a circumferential enhancement of the sigmoid colon. This CT sign was unusual in strongyloidiasis and when combined with the symptoms, caused us to rule out inflammatory bowel disease and shock bowel. Stool examination revealed ova and parasites of Strongyloides stercoralis...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
keyword
keyword
113510
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"