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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648025/-comparison-of-aortic-valve-dysfunction-and-ascending-aorta-dimension-between-patients-with-different-bicuspid-aortic-valve-morphology
#1
X S Ren, Y T Yu, K Liu, Z H Hou, Y Gao, W H Yin, B Lyu
Objective: To compare the characteristics of aortic valve dysfunction and ascending aorta dimension in patients with different bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) morphology. Methods: A total of 197 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement between April 2014 and March 2015 and were diagnosed with BAV by pathology were included, and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into raphe(+) group(109 cases) and raphe(-) group(88 cases) according to the presence or absence of raphe, and L-R group(fusion of left and right cusp, 125 cases) and L/R-N group(fusion of left or right and noncoronary cusp, 72 cases) according to fusion type of the cusps...
June 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648014/-clinical-efficacy-observation-of-atomization-inhalation-combined-with-oral-administration-of-oseltamivir-in-4-cases-with-h7n9-avian-influenza
#2
Z Li, X Y Fu, X B Fang, J Li, T Chen, L M Qiu, J Cai, W L Wang, Z Q Pan, Y Zhang, J L Zhou
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of atomization inhalation combined with oral administration of oseltamivir in treatment of human infection with H7N9 avian influenza. Methods: To analyze the clinical data of 4 patients hospitalized from Mar 6th 2017 to Apr 12th 2017 with avian influenza(H7N9) infection treated by conventional therapy(oseltamivir, 150 mg, po, Bid) plus with oseltamivir inhalation(75 mg dissolved in 20 ml N. S, Bid) and administered with antibacterial treatment, blood purification and immunomodulators...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648013/-retrospective-analysis-of-anesthetic-and-perioperative-management-in-patients-of-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy
#3
Y Y Qu, H Zeng, X Y Guo, M Li
Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP), and to discuss perioperative and anesthetic management. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on the records of pregnant patients with a diagnosis of acute fatty liver of pregnancy in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2007 to December 2015. 12 cases were identified. The clinical features, preoperative laboratory findings, types of delivery, anesthetic techniques for cesarean section, and the outcomes of parturients and fetus were collected and analyzed...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648011/-relationship-between-carotid-plaque-and-diabetic-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#4
Y Y Xiao, M K Yuan, P Xi, B Gao
Objective: To analyze the relevant factors for diabetic retinopathy. Methods: The data of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients undergoing general examination and ophthalmology specialist consultation were collected from the inpatients of Department of Endocrinology in Beijing Airport Hospital between 2013 and 2016, and the relevant factors of diabetic retinopathy were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 432 cases were analyzed, including 168 cases of non-diabetic retinopathy and 264 cases of diabetic retinopathy...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648003/-curative-effect-analysis-of-15-cases-of-cervical-intra-and-extra-spinal-tumors-by-microsurgical-resection
#5
Y Han, X L Zheng, L Li, Z Q Jiang, F Y Lou, S J Zhang
Objective: To explore the curative effect of microsurgical treatment of cervical intra- and extra-spinal tumors. Methods: The clinical data of 15 patients with cervical intra-and extra-spinal tumors in Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from January 2013 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to Shaw's tumor stage: 6 cases in stage Ⅰ, 5 cases in stage Ⅱ, 3 cases in stage Ⅲ, and 1 case in stage Ⅳ. About the surgical methods: 9 cases were treated via posterior median semi-laminectomy approach, of which were internal fixation in 2 cases, and via posterior median approach spinous process and vertebral plate complex orthotopic replantation to spinal canal plasty in 3 cases, other 3 cases were operated via anterior cervical approach, including internal fixation in 1 case...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648002/-application-value-of-whole-brain-3d-artery-spin-labeling-in-diagnosis-of-intracranial-tumors
#6
Q Q Zhao, Q X Yang, G X Xu, Y C Lü, D L Rong, L Liu, R Zhang
Objective: To investigate the perfusion characteristics of arterial spin labeling (ASL) in intracranial tumor and its application value in classification. Methods: The clinical, pathological and imaging data of 44 patients with gliomas confirmed by pathology were analyzed retrospectively, including 9 low grade gliomas, 15 high grade gliomas, 11 cases of meningiomas, 6 cases of neurilemmoma, 3 cases of metastatic tumors.Conventional plain scan, 3D- ASL and MRI dynamic enhanced imaging (DSC-MRI) were performed...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648001/-ct-findings-and-clinical-features-of-takayasu-s-arteritis-with-pulmonary-artery-involvement
#7
R Lü, C L Yu, J Li, D D Wen, M W Zheng
Objective: To explore the CT findings of the Takayasu's arteritis (TA)with pulmonary artery (PA) involvement and its clinical significance. Methods: A total of 35 patients with TA involving the PA in Xijing Hospital from November 2007 to November 2016, 6 male cases, 29 female cases, the age was 15-52 (28±9) years old, were retrospectively collected and included in the study group (TA+ P group), meanwhile 40 patients with TA but not involving the pulmonary artery in this hospital from January 2015 to November 2016 were collected as control group, 5 male cases, 35 female cases, the age was 7-67 (28±12) years old...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648000/-study-on-feasibility-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-combined-with-mobile-microendoscopic-discectomy-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#8
C H Zhang, B S Yan, B S Xu, X L Ma, Q Yang, Y Liu, G M Song, R M Hu, P Li
Objective: To explore the feasibility of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) combined with mobile microendoscopic discectomy-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MMED-TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis and its influence on postoperative rehabilitation. Methods: From October 1 2014 to July 1 2016 , a cohort of 52 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis who received the program of ERAS-MMED-TLIF were retrospectively reviewed in Department of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, Tianjin Hospital...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647997/-endovascular-management-and-classification-of-the-dissecting-aneurysms-of-the-vertebral-artery
#9
Y Z Zang, Z G Wang, C W Wang, X Ding, X F Wang, L L Wang
Objective: To summarize the classifications and optimize endovascular treatment of the dissecting aneurysms of the vertebral artery (DAVA). Methods: The clinical information of 39 cases of DAVA treated with endovascular methods in our department between January 2007 and September 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.According to the location of the aneurysm in relation to the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), the aneurysms were classified into three types: type pre-PICA, located proximally to the PICA; type in-PICA, located at the PICA origin; and type post-PICA located distally to the PICA...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647978/-severe-cases-with-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-data-based-on-national-pilot-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-surveillance-system
#10
Y M Zheng, Z R Chang, L L Jiang, H Ji, G P Chen, P Luo, J J Pan, X L Tian, L L Wei, D Huo, Z P Miao, X N Zou, J H Chen, Q H Liao
Objective: To investigate the clinical severity, etiological classification and risk factors of severe cases with hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). Methods: A total of 1 489 records on severe and fatal HFMD cases reported to the national pilot surveillance system of HFMD were used to analyze the demographic, medical treatment, etiological classification of the cases. Treatment outcome related risk factors were also studied with multi-variable stepwise logistic regression method. Results: Seven out of the 1 489 severe HFMD cases died of this disease...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647963/-effects-of-prophylactic-chemotherapy-on-outcomes-and-prognosis-of-patients-older-than-40-years-with-invasive-mole
#11
S Y Jiang, L Li, J Zhao, Y Xiang, X R Wan, F Z Feng, T Ren, J J Yang
Objective: To discuss the effects of prophylactic chemotherapy on the outcomes and prognosis of invasive mole patients. Methods: One hundred and fifteen invasive mole (IM) patients older than 40 years were registered in Peking Union Medical Collage Hospital.Eleven of them were treated with prophylactic chemotherapy before diagnosed as IM prophylactic chemotherapy group, while the other 104 cases received therapeutic chemotherapy after diagnosed as IM (non-prophylactic chemotherapy group). The general clinical data (including age, clinical stage, risk factor score), treatment, outcomes and relapse of patients were retrospectively compared between two groups...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647959/-re-treatments-of-recurrence-after-pelvic-floor-repair-surgery
#12
S X Fan, F M Wang, L S Lin, Y F Song
Objective: To analyze re-treatments of recurrence after the pelvic floor repair surgery. Methods: The protocol and the effect of re-treatments were investigated by reviewing and analyzing the clinical data of 81 recurrent patients (grade Ⅱ and above), who had received the pelvic floor repair surgery from January 2011 to January 2016. Pelvic organ prolapse quantitation system (POP-Q) and two questionnaires about quality of life [pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7)] were used to evaluate objective and subjective efficacy, respectively...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647939/non-criteria-or-seronegative-obstetric-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Luis J Jara, Gabriela Medina, Polita Cruz-Cruz, Javier Olivares-Rivera, Carolina Duarte-Salazar, Miguel A Saavedra
Obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (Obs-APS) is one of the most commonly identified causes of recurrent pregnancy loss and its accurate diagnosis is a requirement for optimal treatment. Some patients do not fulfill the revised Sapporo classification criteria, the original APS classification criteria, and are considered to be non-criteria Obs-APS. In these patients with non-criteria, there is controversy about their inclusion within the spectrum of APS and eventually their treatment as having Obs-APS. A subset of patients may also have clinical characteristics of Obs-APS even though lupus anticoagulant (LA), anticardiolipin antibodies, and anti-β2-glycoprotein I (aβ2GPI) antibodies are consistently negative...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647934/colorectal-and-endometrial-cancer-risk-and-age-at-diagnosis-in-blmash-mutation-carriers
#14
Hagit Schayek, Yael Laitman, Lior H Katz, Elon Pras, Liat Ries-Levavi, Frida Barak, Eitan Friedman
BACKGROUND: Biallelic BLM gene mutation carriers are at an increased risk for cancer, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Whether heterozygous BLM gene mutations confer an increased cancer risk remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate CRC and endometrial cancer risk in BLM heterozygous mutation carriers. METHODS: Jewish Ashkenazim at high risk for colon or endometrial cancer and endometrial cancer cases unselected for family history were genotyped for the BLMAsh predominant mutation...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647933/a-new-system-of-documentation-to-improve-dietitian-physician-crosstalk
#15
Shelly Rachman-Elbaum, Aliza H Stark, Josefa Kachal, Teresa W Johnson, Bat Sheva Porat-Katz
BACKGROUND: Standardization of the dietetic care process allows for early identification of malnutrition and metabolic disorders, interdisciplinary collaboration among the medical team, and improved quality of patient care. Globally, dietitians are adopting a nutrition care model that integrates national regulations with professional scope of practice. Currently, Israel lacks a standardized dietetic care process and documentation terminology. OBJECTIVES: To assess the utilization of a novel sectoral documentation system for nutrition care in Israel...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647932/prospective-comparison-between-remnant-preserving-augmentation-and-double-bundle-reconstruction-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears
#16
Noam Shohat, Dror Lindner, Eran Tamir, Yiftah Beer, Gabriel Agar
BACKGROUND: The debate continues regarding the best way to manage partial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. OBJECTIVES: To prospectively compare the clinical outcomes of remnant-preserving augmentation (RPA) and double-bundle reconstruction (DBR) in patients with ACL tears. METHODS: In this prospective study, we included 13 cases of RPA and 30 cases of DBR with a follow-up period of 6 months, 12 months and 24 months. We clinically compared the preoperative and postoperative range of motion, Knee Society Score (KSS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Lysholm score, Tegner activity score, Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), thigh and calf circumference and anterior translation (Using the KT-1000 knee arthrometer)...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647834/influence-of-multi-leaf-collimator-leaf-transmission-on-head-and-neck-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-and-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-planning
#17
Motoharu Sasaki, Masahide Tominaga, Takeshi Kamomae, Hitoshi Ikushima, Motonori Kitaoka, Ryota Bando, Kanako Sakuragawa, Masataka Oita
The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of multi-leaf collimators (MLCs) with different leaf widths on the planning of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Toward this objective, dose transmission through a high-definition 120-leaf MLC (HD120MLC) and 120-leaf Millennium MLC (M120MLC) was investigated, using it with a test case and clinical case studies. In test case, studies with IMRT and VMAT plans, the difference in MLC leaf width had a limited effect on planning target volumes (PTVs)...
June 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647799/a-case-of-atypical-type-a-thymoma-with-vascular-invasion-and-lung-metastasis
#18
Naoya Kawakita, Kazuya Kondo, Hiroaki Toba, Akiko Yoneda, Hiromitsu Takizawa, Akira Tangoku
We present a case of type A thymoma with invasion of the left brachiocephalic vein and lung metastases. An 84-year-old man underwent extended thymectomy combined with left brachiocephalic vein reconstruction and resection of a lung metastasis. Histological examination showed vascular invasion by the tumor. The lung metastasis had high mitotic activity and slight nuclear enlargement, the so-called "atypical" features, but the main part of the primary tumor did not. However, the intravascular portion of the tumor had "atypical" histological features like the lung metastasis...
June 24, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647794/an-update-on-the-risk-of-lymph-node-metastasis-for-the-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-with-the-new-diagnostic-paradigm
#19
Aleksandra M Sowder, Benjamin L Witt, Jason P Hunt
Previous data has shown that the risk of nodal metastases is significantly greater for classical papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) as compared to the follicular variant (FVPTC). Given a recent change in diagnostic paradigm and definition of the noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) we intended to investigate if there remains a significant difference in nodal involvement between classical PTC and FVPTC. A 6-year retrospective review of all cases with FVPTC in the diagnostic line from the University of Utah/ARUP Laboratories was conducted...
June 24, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647774/automatic-identification-of-coronary-tree-anatomy-in-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography
#20
Qing Cao, Alexander Broersen, Michiel A de Graaf, Pieter H Kitslaar, Guanyu Yang, Arthur J Scholte, Boudewijn P F Lelieveldt, Johan H C Reiber, Jouke Dijkstra
An automatic coronary artery tree labeling algorithm is described to identify the anatomical segments of the extracted centerlines from coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) images. This method will facilitate the automatic lesion reporting and risk stratification of cardiovascular disease. Three-dimensional (3D) models for both right dominant (RD) and left dominant (LD) coronary circulations were built. All labels in the model were matched with their possible candidates in the extracted tree to find the optimal labeling result...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
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